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ConstructionSpecification25Rockfill

1. Scope
Theworkconsistsoftheconstructionofrockfillzonesofembankmentsandotherrockfills
requiredbythedrawingsandspecifications,includingbeddingwherespecified.

2. Material
Materialforrockfillandbeddingshallbeobtainedfromthespecifiedsourcesunlessotherwise
specifiedinsection10ofthisspecification.Thematerialshallbeexcavated,selected,processed,
andhandledasnecessarytoconformtothespecifiedgradationrequirements.

3. Foundationpreparation
Foundationsforrockfillshallbestrippedtoremovevegetationandotherunsuitablematerialor
shallbeexcavatedasspecified.

Exceptasotherwisespecified,earthfoundationsurfacesshallbegradedtoremovesurface
irregularities,andtestpitsorothercavitiesshallbefilledwithcompactedearthfillof
approximatelythesamekindanddensityastheadjacentfoundationmaterial.

Rockfoundationsurfacesshallbeclearedofallloosematerialnotconformingtothe
specificationsfortherockfill.

Abutmentsforrockfillzonesofembankmentsshallbepreparedasspecifiedabovefor
foundations.

Rockfilland/orbeddingshallnotbeplaceduntilthefoundationpreparationiscompletedandthe
foundationandexcavationshavebeeninspectedandapproved.

4. Bedding
Whenabeddinglayerbeneathrockfillisspecified,thebeddingmaterialshallbespread
uniformlyonthepreparedsubgradesurfacestothedepthindicated.Compactionofthebedding
materialshallbeasspecifiedinsection10ofthisspecification.

5. Placement
Method1Therockshallbedumpedandspreadintopositioninapproximatelyhorizontal
layersnottoexceed3feetinthickness.Itshallbeplacedtoproduceareasonablyhomogeneous
stablefillthatcontainsnosegregatedpocketsoflargeorsmallfragmentsorlargeunfilledspaces
causedbybridgingofthelargerrockfragments.

Method2Therockshallbedumpedandspreadintopositioninapproximatelyhorizontal
layersnottoexceed3feetinthickness.Therockshallbeplacedsothatthecompletedfillshall
begradedwiththesmallerrockfragmentsplacedintheinnerportionoftheembankmentandthe
largerrockfragmentsplacedontheouterslopes.Rockshallbeplacedtoproduceastablefillthat
containsnolargeunfilledspacescausedbybridgingofthelargerfraction.

(210VINEH,May2001)
6. Controlofmoisture
Themoisturecontentofrockfillmaterialshallbecontrolledasspecifiedinsection10ofthis
specification.Whentheadditionofwaterisrequired,itshallbeappliedinamannertoavoid
excessivewettingofadjacentearthfill.Exceptasspecifiedinsection10ofthisspecification,
controlofthemoisturecontentisnotrequired.

Themoisturecontentofthebeddingmaterialshallbecontrolledtoensurethatbulkingofthe
sandmaterialsdoesnotoccurduringcompactionoperations.

7. Compactionofrockfill
Rockfillshallbecompactedasdescribedbelowfortheclassofcompactionspecifiedorbyan
approvedequivalentmethod.

ClassIcompactionEachlayeroffillshallbecompactedbyatleastfourpassesovertheentire
surfacewithasteeldrumvibratingrollerthatweighsatleast5tonsandexertingavertical
vibratingforceofnotlessthan20,000poundsatafrequencynotlessthan1,200timesper
minute.

ClassIIcompactionEachlayeroffillshallbecompactedbyatleastfourpassesovertheentire
surfacebyatrackofacrawlertypetractorweighingatleast20tons.

ClassIIIcompactionNocompactionisrequiredbeyondthatresultingfromtheplacingand
spreadingoperations.

Heavyequipmentshallnotbeoperatedwithin2feetofanystructure.Vibratingrollersshallnot
beoperatedwithin5feetofanystructure.Compactionbymeansofdropweightsoperatingfrom
acrane,hoist,orsimilarequipmentisnotpermitted.

WhencompactionotherthanClassIIIcompactionisspecified,rockfillplacedintrenchesor
otherlocationsinaccessibletoheavyequipmentshallbecompactedbymanuallycontrolled
pneumaticorvibratingtampersorbyequivalentmethodsapprovedbytheengineer.

8. Compactionofbedding
BeddingshallbecompactedaccordingtothefollowingrequirementsfortheClassofcompaction
specified:

ClassAcompactionEachlayerofbeddingshallbecompactedtoarelativedensityofnotless
than70percentasdeterminedbyASTMMethodD4254.

ClassIcompactionEachlayerofbeddingshallbecompactedbyatleasttwopassesoverthe
entiresurfacewithasteeldrumvibratingrollerweighingatleast5tonsandexertingavertical
vibratingforcenotlessthan20,000poundsatafrequencynotlessthan1,200timesperminute,
oranapprovedequivalentmethod.

ClassIIcompactionEachlayerofbeddingshallbecompactedbyoneofthefollowing
methodsorbyanequivalentmethodapprovedbytheengineer:
a. Atleasttwopassesovertheentiresurfacewithpneumaticrubbertiredrollerexertinga

(210VINEH,May2001)
minimumpressureof75poundspersquareinch.Apassisdefinedasatleastonepassage
oftherollerwheel,track,tire,ordrumovertheentiresurfaceofthebeddinglayer.
b. Atleastfourpassesovertheentiresurfacewiththetrackofacrawlertypetractor
weighingaminimumof20tons.
c. Controlledmovementofthehaulingequipmentsothattheentiresurfaceistraversedbya
minimumofonetreadtrackoftheloadedequipment.

ClassIIIcompactionNocompactionisrequiredbeyondthatresultingfromtheplacingand
spreadingoperations.

Heavyequipmentshallnotbeoperatedwithin2feetofanystructure.Vibratingrollersshallnot
beoperatedwithin5feetofanystructure.Compactionbymeansofdropweightsoperatingfrom
acrane,hoist,orsimilarequipmentisnotpermitted.

WhencompactionotherthanClassIIIisspecified,beddingplacedintrenchesorotherlocations
inaccessibletoheavyequipmentshallbecompactedbymanuallycontrolledpneumaticor
vibratingtampersorbyequivalentmethodsapprovedbytheengineer.

9. Measurementandpayment
Foritemsofworkforwhichspecificunitpricesareestablishedinthecontract,thevolumeof
eachtypeofrockfill,includingbedding,withthezoneboundariesandlimitsspecifiedonthe
drawingsorestablishedbytheengineerismeasuredandcomputedtothenearestcubicyardby
themethodofaveragecrosssectionalendareas.

Paymentforeachtypeofrockfillismadeatthecontractunitpriceforthattypeoffill.Exceptas
otherwisespecifiedinsection10ofthisspecification,suchpaymentwillconstitutefull
compensationforalllabor,equipment,material,andallotheritemsnecessaryandincidentalto
theperformanceoftheworkincludingfurnishing,placing,andcompactingthebeddingmaterial.

Compensationforanytypeofworkdescribedinthecontract,butnotlistedinthebidscheduleis
includedinthepaymentfortheitemofworktowhichitismadesubsidiary.Suchitemsandthe
itemstowhichtheyaremadesubsidiaryareidentifiedinsection10ofthisspecification.

10.Itemsofworkandconstructiondetails

(210VINEH,May2001)