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- Bearing Materials Technical Information Sheet ENB 04 0553
- Pipe Span Without Point Loads
- 1.4418
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- Steel Definitions
- Rr311803 Heat Treatment Technology
- Welding Process and Technology
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You are on page 1of 62

the method of the "Maximum Ref. 2a. Table A-1

Bending Stress" [1] The ratio Lenght/deflection st = 25

is defined with a minimum

Data value of Pipe basic allowable stress at

Nominal pipe size (NPS) (L/y)min = 600 given temperature

dn = 300 mm Ref. 2a. Table A-1

Material: A 312 TP316L Maximum bending stress t= 72

Pipe pressure and temperature ratio sallow = 16.7

P= 20 bar sb/sallow = 0.3 sallow = 115.1

t= 22 C sb : Maximum allowed

Pipe filled with water bending stress Maximum bending stress

sallow : Pipe allowed stress sb = sallow * 0.3

It will be considered the weight in tension according B31.3 sallow = 115.1

of two men at the center of Table A-1 sb = 34.54

the pipe. sb = 3.5E+07

Concentrated weight The lenght is designed for the

mc = 200 kg pipe working with the Steel elasticity module

wc = 1961 N maximum allowed bending Sheet SS 316

Pipe insulation weigth stress sb. E= 2E+11

wi = 0 N/m

Pipe shedule is to be determined

ww = rw * g * V wc = 1961 N

rw = 1000 kg/m

V= #VALUE! m/m Pipe length (eq. (h)

ww = #VALUE! N/m Lcalc = (-b + (b^2 - 4*a*c)^0.5 ) / (2*a)

w 2 wc bI

16

L +

8

L-

d

=0 (h ) b= 245

Pipe load (steel) a= #VALUE!

wp = rp*g*(p/4)*(de^2-di^2) a= w/16 c= #VALUE!

(from sheet SS 316) w= #VALUE! N/m Lcalc = #VALUE!

rp = 8000 kg/m a= #VALUE! Let

de = #VALUE! m Lselected = 10

di = #VALUE! m b= wc /8

wp = #VALUE! N/m wc = 1961 N The selected length Lselected

sb = 3.5E+07 Pa bending stress.

ww = #VALUE! N/m c= #VALUE!

wp = #VALUE! N/m

wi = 0 N/m

w= #VALUE! N/m

Material A 312 TP316L Material: A 312 TP316L factor W

Nominal pipe size (NPS) Ref. 2a. Table A-1 Ref. 2c. Table 302,3,5

dn = 300 mm W= 1

Schedule, to be determined Yield strength Table A-1

Pressure in pipe syield = 25 ksi Coefficient Y

P= 20 bar Table 304.1.1

Temperature Allowed stress Table A-1 Ref. 2 ASME B31.3

t= 22 at the temperature Y= 0.4

sallow = 16.7 ksi

Pipe thickness sallow = 115.1 MPa Check requirement

Equation 3a, ASME B312.3-2008 P / S*E <= 0.385

t= P*D / ( 2*(S*E*W + P*Y) ) Maximum bending stress P= 2

t: Pressure design thickness sb = 34.54 MPa S= 34.54

P: Internal design gauge pressure E= 1

D: Outside pipe diameter Quality factor "E" P / S*E = 0.057899

d: Inside pipe diameter Ref. 2b. Table A-1B

c: sum of mechanical, corrosion Seamless tube A 316L Eq. (3a) is applicable, since P/(S*E

and erosion allowances E= 1

S: Material stress value. Table A-1

E: Quality factor from table A-1A or A-1B Exterior pipe diameter

W: Weld joint strength reduction factor per dn = 300 mm

para. 302.3.5 and Table 302.3.5 de = #VALUE! mm

Y: Coefficient from Table 304.1.1, valid for t <D/6

For t>= D/6, Y = (d + 2*c) / ( D + d + 2*c )

tdis = #VALUE! mm dn = 300

Corrosion allowance TC = 1.59 mm sch = 40S

Thread depth TD = 0 mm s= #VALUE!

Over thickness OT = TC + TD

OT = 1.59 mm A schedule of 40S

Required thickness treq = tdis + OT #VALUE! #VALUE!

treq = #VALUE! mm #VALUE!

Minimum thickness tmin = treq * (100 /(100 - MT)) For a SS pipe

treq = #VALUE! mm dn = 300

MT = 12.50 % sch = 80S

tmin = #VALUE! mm s= #VALUE!

A schedule of 80S

For more information on these correction factors, see #VALUE! #VALUE!

www.piping-tools.net #VALUE!

Pipes. Wall thickness calculation according ASME B31.3

Selected shedule

Pd ext

t= (3a )

2[ EW +PY ]

t= P * dext / ( 2* (sallow * E*

t = 9.2 mm

P= 2

de = #VALUE!

Sb = 34.53

E= 1

W= 1

y= 0.4

t= #VALUE!

t= #VALUE!

The reference has a calculation mistak

SS pipe

dn Sch

in -

1/8 5S

1/4 10S

3/8 40S

1/2 80S

3/4

1

1 1/4

1 1/2

2

2 1/2

3

3 1/2

4

5

6

8

10

12

14

16

18

20

22

24

30

Corrosion allowance Pipe dimensions

TC = 1.59 mm The schedule is to be determined

ksi Thread depth

TD = 0 mm Schedule initially assumed

allowable stress at Mill tolerance Sch = 40S

MT = 12.5 %

Exterior diameter (of SS pipe)

F Note. dn = 300 mm

ksi The above values are not considered de = Pipe_SS_Dext_dn

MPa in the example of the reference [1]. de = #VALUE! mm

de = #VALUE! m

bending stress

Interior diameter

MPa dn = 300 mm

MPa di = Pipe_SS_Dint_dn_sch

Pa Sch = 40S

di = #VALUE! mm

city module di = #VALUE! m

Pa www.piping-tools.net

Pipes. Maximum span between pipe supports for a given maximum bending stress.xlsm

cjcruz@piping-tools.net

Deflection Result

Deflection at ther center of a simple For

supported beam with a uniform load Lselected = 10 m

w and a concentrated load "wc". there is a deflextion

2 - 4*a*c)^0.5 ) / (2*a) (from sheet equations) ycalc = #VALUE! mm

4 3

5wL +8wcL Requirement

y= (q )

384EI ycalc <= Lselected / 600

m Lselected = 10 m

Deflection value for the Lselected / 600 = 0.0167 m

m selected length Lselected / 600 = 16.67 mm

ycalc = (5*w*L^4 + 8*wc*L^3) / (384*E*I)

w= #VALUE! N/m Check

Lselected = 10.0 m ycalc = #VALUE! mm

wc = 1961 Lselected / 600 = 16.67 mm

r the maximum E= 2.00E+11 Pa thus

I= #VALUE! m4 ycalc #VALUE! Lselected / 600

esign condition. ycalc = #VALUE! mm

Ref. 2 ASME B31.3 ASME B31.3-2008

ASME B31.3 paragraph 304.1.2, Ec. (3a)

Pd

t= ext (3a )

2[ EW +PY ]

P= 2.0 Mpa

dext = #VALUE! mm

sb = 34.54 Mpa

E= 1.0 -

Mpa W= 1.00 -

MPa Y= 0.4 -

t= #VALUE! mm

pplicable, since P/(S*E t= #VALUE! mm

dext = #VALUE! mm

dext/6 = #VALUE! mm

#VALUE!

mm For the given data, a span L = 10 m

will ensure that the maximum

mm bending stress is less than sb = 34.5 Mpa

It was considered sb = sallow * 0.3 L= 10

gives a thickness Additionally it holds that L/y>= 600 -

#VALUE! The model used is a simple supported beam y= #VALUE!

#VALUE!

spipe = #VALUE!

he next schedule The selected shedule is sch = 80S

srequired = #VALUE!

mm

mm

gives a thickness

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

80S

g=

B31 . 3-2008

xt

(3a )

EW +PY ]

MPa

m

MPa

m

mm

ce has a calculation mistake

Rev. cjc. 01.06.2017

Page 1 of 5

I= (p/64) *( de^4-di^4)

de = #VALUE! m

di = #VALUE! m

I= #VALUE! m4

A= (p/4) * di^2

di = #VALUE! m

A= #VALUE! m

V= A*1

A= #VALUE! m/m

V= #VALUE! m/m

Page 2 of 5

Page 3 of 5

Page 4 of 5

mm

mm

9.80665 m/s

Page 5 of 5

[1]

t=

Pipe seamless SS

Mater:

D: Outside diameter

dn =

de =

t=

P=

de =

sb =

E=

W

Y=

t=

Stainless steel

dn =

sch =

s=

The reference uses for the se

of carbon steel pipes

Stainless steel

dn =

sch =

s=

Carbon steel

dn =

sch =

s=

McGraw Hill N.Y. Pg. 744-745

ASME B31.3 - 2000 Edition, P

P * dext / ( 2* (sallow * E*W + P* Y) )

Pipe seamless SS

ASTM A 312 TP 316L

D: Outside diameter

300 NPS

#VALUE! mm

2 MPa

#VALUE! mm

34.53 MPa

1

1

0.4

#VALUE! mm

300 mm dn = 300 mm

40S sch = 80S

#VALUE! mm s= #VALUE! mm

The reference uses for the selection the dimensions

of carbon steel pipes

Stainless steel

300 mm dn = 300 mm

20S sch = 30S

#VALUE! mm s= #VALUE! mm

Carbon steel Carbon steel

300 mm dn = 300 mm

20 sch = 30

#VALUE! mm s= #VALUE! mm

McGraw Hill N.Y. Pg. 744-745

ASME B31.3 - 2000 Edition, Process Piping, ASME, New York pp 182

Length of a beam to achieve that

the resulting beam stress has the Bending stress Replacing equation

defined maximum value Mc L2 L

= (b ) M=w + w c

I 8 4

Assumed a simply supported case

M:moment Nm

into equation (e )

c: distance to the neutral axis m

L2

Moments at the center of a simple

supported beam . [5 ], Figure 7

I: equatorial inercia moment m4

(

max = w + w c

8

Concentrated load w c at center

Maximum bending stress where the maximum

Mc the value correspon

M=wc

L max = max (c )

4 I application, and wi

Uniformly distributed load w In case of a pipe simply as the beam

L2 d 2

M=w

8

Total moment

c max =

2

and replacing equation (d ) into (c )

(d )

( L

b = w + w c

8

L

4

2

=( w + w

2

L

M=w + w c

L

( a)

M( d /2 ) L L

8 4

max = (e) b c

I 16 8

s allowed = (2/3) *s y

Beam stress b

Beam stress

For the stainless steel A 312 TP316L, Literature [1 ] recommends for the

ASME B31 . 3-2006, Table A-1 gives acual application, following security

the relation between the allowable margin

stress allow (t <= 300 F) to the yield 3

b = allow (o )

10

value y as replacing equation

2 2

allow= y

allow= y (n ) 3

(n)

3

into equation (o )

3 2

allow b

10 allow

value y as replacing equation

2 2

allow= y

allow= y (n ) 3

(n)

3

into equation (o )

3 2

b = y

10 3

1

b = y ( p)

5

4 3

supported beam . [5 ], Figure 7 5wL + 8wcL

y= (q )

384EI

Concentrated load w c at center

wcL3

y=

48EI

Uniformly distributed load w

5wL4

y=

384EI

Total deflection

3

5wL4 wcL

y= +

384EI 48EI

3

5wL4 8wcL

y= +

384EI 384EI

4 3

5wL +8wcL

y= (q )

384EI

Replacing equation from equation

Note that the length obtained f

L2 wc

M=w + w c

8

L

4

( a) (w

b = L2 +

16 8

L ) d

I

( g) equation (m) corresponds to t

bI w 2 wc case when the system is assum

into equation (e ) = L + L

d 16 8 to be similar to a simply suppo

L2

(

max = w + w c

8 4 I )

L d /2

(f )

w 2 wc bI

16

L +

8

L-

d

=0

. a .. . . .. . . .. . . .. b . . .. . . .. . . .. c

(h ) beam. A continuos pipe would

better represented by sections

where the maximum stress will have with corresponding to a beam fixed

the value corresponding to the given a=

w

(i)

both ends.

application, and will be denoted 16

wc

simply as the beam stress b b= ( j)

8

2

( L

)L d /2

b = w + w c

8 4 I

c= b

I

d

equation (h ) becomes

(k )

2

=( w + w )

L L d aL2 +bL+c=0 (m)

b c ( g)

16 8 I

w 2 wc I

L + L- b =0 (h )

16 8 d

value of the beam stress given

by equation (n) will be used.

commends for the This value is 20% of the yield stress

The in the standard indicated allowed

n, following security value is 67% of the yield stress.

(o ) 1

b = y (p)

5

on

(n)

)

on

(n)

)

( p)

y= P*L^3/(48*E*I)

3

wcL

(q ) y= (5/384)*(w*L^4)/(E*I)

Page 1 of 3

n (m) corresponds to the

en the system is assumed

milar to a simply supported

A continuos pipe would be

epresented by sections

onding to a beam fixed at

ds.

Page 2 of 3

Page 3 of 3

Ferritic Steel

A term usually applied to a group of stainless steels with a chromium content in the range of 12- 18o and

whose structure consists largely of ferrite.

Such steels possess good ductility and are easily worked but do not respond to any hardening or tempering process

Types of applications include automotive trim and architectural cladding.

Austenitic Steels

Steels containing high percentages of certain alloying elements such as manganese and nickel which are austenitic a

and cannot be hardened by normal heat-treatment but do work harden. They are also non-magnetic.

Typical examples of austenitic steels include the 18/8 stainless steels and 14% manganese steel.

Martensitic Stainless Steels

(400 SERIES WHICH HAVE HIGH CARBON). These grades of stainless have chromium in the range of 11% to 17% as t

This is the same as the ferritic grades. However, carbon is added in amounts from 0.10 % to 0.65% to radically chan

The high carbon enables the material to be hardened by heat treatment.

ASME B31.3-2008

Process Piping

ASME Code for Oressure Piping, B31

Pd ext

t= ( 3a )

2[ EW + PY ]

P: Internal design gauge pressure

D: Outside pipe diameter

d: Inside pipe diameter

c: sum of mechanical, corrosion and erosion allowances

S: Material stress value. Table A-1

E: Quality facto from table A-1A or A-1B

W: Weld joint strength reduction factor per

para. 302.3.5

Y: Coefficient from Table 604.1.1, valid for t <D/6

and for materials shown.

For t>= D/6, Y = (d + 2*c) / ( D + d + 2*c )

Coefficient Y

Table 304.1.1

Ref. 2 ASME B31.3

Y= 0.4

t >= d/6 or

P / S*E > 0.385

nge of 12- 18o and "Y" values for ferritic steels (t < D/6)

Table 304.1.1, ASME B31.1-2008, page 20.

rdening or tempering processes. Y<482 C = 0.4

Y482 to 510 C = 0.5

Y > 510 C = 0.7

o non-magnetic.

the range of 11% to 17% as the sole major alloying addition.

0 % to 0.65% to radically change the behavior of the martensitic alloys.

st

sallow sy st

st sy sallow syield

Spec Grade ksi

A 312 TP316L 25

at tmin to 100 F

s allowed = (2/3) *s yield

t

Spec Grade F

A 312 TP316L < 100

< 200

sallowed = 16.7

sallowed = 16,700

sallowed = 115.1

st

sallowed

ksi

16.7

16.7

ksi

psi

MPa

Quality factor

E= 1

Weld joint strenght reduction factor W

W= 1

http://www.azom.com/properties.aspx?ArticleID=863

https://www.google.com/fusiontables/DataSource?docid=1wvrlddD8tQHoDc7feP9pqJ2AwImBdcPJpEqV4ic

Density of stainless steel

kg/m

SS 316

r= 8000 kg/m

Elasticity modulus

Emin = 190 Gpa

Emax = 205 Gpa

Selected value

AwImBdcPJpEqV4ic E= 200 Gpa

E= 2E+11 Pa

http://www.advancepipeliner.com/Resources/Others/Beams/Beam_Deflection_Formulae.pdf

http://www-classes.usc.edu/engr/ce/457/moment_table.pdf

http://www.awc.org/pdf/codes-standards/publications/design-aids/AWC-DA6-BeamFormulas-0710.pdf

Beam simply supported at ends

Maximum deflection at beam center

5wL4

y=

384EI

b ) Concentrated load P at the center

3

8PL

y=

384EI

c ) Both cases, a and b

4 3

5wL +8PL

y=

384EI

Maximum deflection at beam center

Beam fixed at both ends

Maximum deflection at beam center

4

wL

y=

384EI

b ) Concentrated load P at the center

3

16PL

y=

384EI

c) Both cases, a and b

4 3

wL +16PL

y=

384EI

mulas-0710.pdf

Maximum moment

M= w * l^2 / 8

y= (5/384)*(w*L^4)/(E*I)

Maximum moment

M= P*l/4

M= w * l^2 / 8

M= P*l/4

y= P*L^3/(48*E*I)

nter

nter

d at the center

[1] Determination of maximum span between pipe supports using maximum bending stress theory

Dr. D.P. Vakharia, Mohd Farroq A.

http://ijrte.academypublisher.com/vol01/no06/ijrte0106046049.pdf

Process Piping

ASME Code for Pressure Piping, B31

McGraw Hill N.Y. Pg. 744-745

ASME B31.3 - 2000 Edition, Process Piping, ASME, New York pp 182

[5]

http://www.awc.org/pdf/codes-standards/publications/design-aids/AWC-DA6-BeamFormulas-0710.pdf

ormulas-0710.pdf

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