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19-0122; Rev 9; 9/09

Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited
RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
General Description __Next Generation Device Features

MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487
The MAX481, MAX483, MAX485, MAX487–MAX491, and ♦ For Fault-Tolerant Applications
MAX1487 are low-power transceivers for RS-485 and RS- MAX3430: ±80V Fault-Protected, Fail-Safe, 1/4
422 communication. Each part contains one driver and one
Unit Load, +3.3V, RS-485 Transceiver
receiver. The MAX483, MAX487, MAX488, and MAX489
feature reduced slew-rate drivers that minimize EMI and MAX3440E–MAX3444E: ±15kV ESD-Protected,
reduce reflections caused by improperly terminated cables, ±60V Fault-Protected, 10Mbps, Fail-Safe,
thus allowing error-free data transmission up to 250kbps. RS-485/J1708 Transceivers
The driver slew rates of the MAX481, MAX485, MAX490, ♦ For Space-Constrained Applications
MAX491, and MAX1487 are not limited, allowing them to
transmit up to 2.5Mbps. MAX3460–MAX3464: +5V, Fail-Safe, 20Mbps,
Profibus RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
These transceivers draw between 120µA and 500µA of
supply current when unloaded or fully loaded with disabled MAX3362: +3.3V, High-Speed, RS-485/RS-422
drivers. Additionally, the MAX481, MAX483, and MAX487 Transceiver in a SOT23 Package
have a low-current shutdown mode in which they consume MAX3280E–MAX3284E: ±15kV ESD-Protected,
only 0.1µA. All parts operate from a single 5V supply. 52Mbps, +3V to +5.5V, SOT23, RS-485/RS-422,
Drivers are short-circuit current limited and are protected True Fail-Safe Receivers
against excessive power dissipation by thermal shutdown MAX3293/MAX3294/MAX3295: 20Mbps, +3.3V,
circuitry that places the driver outputs into a high-imped- SOT23, RS-485/RS-422 Transmitters
ance state. The receiver input has a fail-safe feature that
guarantees a logic-high output if the input is open circuit. ♦ For Multiple Transceiver Applications
MAX3030E–MAX3033E: ±15kV ESD-Protected,
The MAX487 and MAX1487 feature quarter-unit-load
receiver input impedance, allowing up to 128 MAX487/ +3.3V, Quad RS-422 Transmitters
MAX1487 transceivers on the bus. Full-duplex communi- ♦ For Fail-Safe Applications
cations are obtained using the MAX488–MAX491, while MAX3080–MAX3089: Fail-Safe, High-Speed
the MAX481, MAX483, MAX485, MAX487, and MAX1487 (10Mbps), Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422
are designed for half-duplex applications.
Transceivers
________________________Applications ♦ For Low-Voltage Applications
Low-Power RS-485 Transceivers MAX3483E/MAX3485E/MAX3486E/MAX3488E/
MAX3490E/MAX3491E: +3.3V Powered, ±15kV
Low-Power RS-422 Transceivers
ESD-Protected, 12Mbps, Slew-Rate-Limited,
Level Translators True RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
Transceivers for EMI-Sensitive Applications
Industrial-Control Local Area Networks Ordering Information appears at end of data sheet.

______________________________________________________________Selection Table
DATA LOW- RECEIVER/ QUIESCENT NUMBER OF
PART HALF/FULL SLEW-RATE PIN
RATE POWER DRIVER CURRENT RECEIVERS ON
NUMBER DUPLEX LIMITED COUNT
(Mbps) SHUTDOWN ENABLE (μA) BUS
MAX481 Half 2.5 No Yes Yes 300 32 8
MAX483 Half 0.25 Yes Yes Yes 120 32 8
MAX485 Half 2.5 No No Yes 300 32 8
MAX487 Half 0.25 Yes Yes Yes 120 128 8
MAX488 Full 0.25 Yes No No 120 32 8
MAX489 Full 0.25 Yes No Yes 120 32 14
MAX490 Full 2.5 No No No 300 32 8
MAX491 Full 2.5 No No Yes 300 32 14
MAX1487 Half 2.5 No No Yes 230 128 8

________________________________________________________________ Maxim Integrated Products 1

For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim Direct at 1-888-629-4642,
or visit Maxim’s website at www.maxim-ic.com.
Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited
RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487

Supply Voltage (VCC) .............................................................12V 14-Pin SO (derate 8.33mW/°C above +70°C)...............667mW


Control Input Voltage (RE, DE)...................-0.5V to (VCC + 0.5V) 8-Pin µMAX (derate 4.1mW/°C above +70°C) ..............830mW
Driver Input Voltage (DI).............................-0.5V to (VCC + 0.5V) 8-Pin CERDIP (derate 8.00mW/°C above +70°C).........640mW
Driver Output Voltage (A, B)...................................-8V to +12.5V 14-Pin CERDIP (derate 9.09mW/°C above +70°C).......727mW
Receiver Input Voltage (A, B).................................-8V to +12.5V Operating Temperature Ranges
Receiver Output Voltage (RO)....................-0.5V to (VCC + 0.5V) MAX4_ _C_ _/MAX1487C_ A ...............................0°C to +70°C
Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C) MAX4_ _E_ _/MAX1487E_ A .............................-40°C to +85°C
8-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 9.09mW/°C above +70°C) ....727mW MAX4_ _MJ_/MAX1487MJA ...........................-55°C to +125°C
14-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 10.00mW/°C above +70°C) ..800mW Storage Temperature Range .............................-65°C to +160°C
8-Pin SO (derate 5.88mW/°C above +70°C).................471mW Lead Temperature (soldering, 10sec) .............................+300°C
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional
operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to
absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.

DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(VCC = 5V ±5%, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted.) (Notes 1, 2)

PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS


Differential Driver Output (no load) VOD1 5 V
Differential Driver Output R = 50Ω (RS-422) 2
VOD2 V
(with load) R = 27Ω (RS-485), Figure 4 1.5 5
Change in Magnitude of Driver
Differential Output Voltage for ΔVOD R = 27Ω or 50Ω, Figure 4 0.2 V
Complementary Output States
Driver Common-Mode Output
VOC R = 27Ω or 50Ω, Figure 4 3 V
Voltage
Change in Magnitude of Driver
Common-Mode Output Voltage ΔVOD R = 27Ω or 50Ω, Figure 4 0.2 V
for Complementary Output States
Input High Voltage VIH DE, DI, RE 2.0 V
Input Low Voltage VIL DE, DI, RE 0.8 V
Input Current IIN1 DE, DI, RE ±2 µA
DE = 0V;
VIN = 12V 1.0
VCC = 0V or 5.25V,
mA
Input Current all devices except
IIN2 VIN = -7V -0.8
(A, B) MAX487/MAX1487
MAX487/MAX1487, VIN = 12V 0.25
mA
DE = 0V, VCC = 0V or 5.25V VIN = -7V -0.2
Receiver Differential Threshold
VTH -7V ≤ VCM ≤ 12V -0.2 0.2 V
Voltage
Receiver Input Hysteresis ΔVTH VCM = 0V 70 mV
Receiver Output High Voltage VOH IO = -4mA, VID = 200mV 3.5 V
Receiver Output Low Voltage VOL IO = 4mA, VID = -200mV 0.4 V
Three-State (high impedance)
IOZR 0.4V ≤ VO ≤ 2.4V ±1 µA
Output Current at Receiver
-7V ≤ VCM ≤ 12V, all devices except
12 kΩ
MAX487/MAX1487
Receiver Input Resistance RIN
-7V ≤ VCM ≤ 12V, MAX487/MAX1487 48 kΩ

2 _______________________________________________________________________________________
Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited
RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)

MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487
(VCC = 5V ±5%, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted.) (Notes 1, 2)
PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
MAX488/MAX489,
120 250
DE, DI, RE = 0V or VCC
MAX490/MAX491,
300 500
DE, DI, RE = 0V or VCC
MAX481/MAX485, DE = VCC 500 900
No-Load Supply Current
ICC RE = 0V or VCC DE = 0V 300 500 µA
(Note 3)
MAX1487, DE = VCC 300 500
RE = 0V or VCC DE = 0V 230 400
MAX483 350 650
MAX483/MAX487, DE = 5V
MAX487 250 400
RE = 0V or VCC
DE = 0V 120 250
Supply Current in Shutdown ISHDN MAX481/483/487, DE = 0V, RE = VCC 0.1 10 µA
Driver Short-Circuit Current,
IOSD1 -7V ≤ VO ≤12V (Note 4) 35 250 mA
VO = High
Driver Short-Circuit Current,
IOSD2 -7V ≤ VO ≤12V (Note 4) 35 250 mA
VO = Low
Receiver Short-Circuit Current IOSR 0V ≤ VO ≤ VCC 7 95 mA

SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS—MAX481/MAX485, MAX490/MAX491, MAX1487


(VCC = 5V ±5%, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted.) (Notes 1, 2)
PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
tPLH Figures 6 and 8, RDIFF = 54Ω, 10 30 60
Driver Input to Output ns
tPHL CL1 = CL2 = 100pF 10 30 60
Driver Output Skew to Output tSKEW Figures 6 and 8, RDIFF = 54Ω, CL1 = CL2 = 100pF 5 10 ns
Figures 6 and 8, MAX481, MAX485, MAX1487 3 15 40
Driver Rise or Fall Time tR, tF RDIFF = 54Ω, MAX490C/E, MAX491C/E 5 15 25 ns
CL1 = CL2 = 100pF MAX490M, MAX491M 3 15 40
Driver Enable to Output High tZH Figures 7 and 9, CL = 100pF, S2 closed 40 70 ns
Driver Enable to Output Low tZL Figures 7 and 9, CL = 100pF, S1 closed 40 70 ns
Driver Disable Time from Low tLZ Figures 7 and 9, CL = 15pF, S1 closed 40 70 ns
Driver Disable Time from High tHZ Figures 7 and 9, CL = 15pF, S2 closed 40 70 ns
Figures 6 and 10, MAX481, MAX485, MAX1487 20 90 200
Receiver Input to Output tPLH, tPHL RDIFF = 54Ω, MAX490C/E, MAX491C/E 20 90 150 ns
CL1 = CL2 = 100pF MAX490M, MAX491M 20 90 200
| tPLH - tPHL | Differential tSKD
Figures 6 and 10, RDIFF = 54Ω,
13 ns
Receiver Skew CL1 = CL2 = 100pF
Receiver Enable to Output Low tZL Figures 5 and 11, CRL = 15pF, S1 closed 20 50 ns
Receiver Enable to Output High tZH Figures 5 and 11, CRL = 15pF, S2 closed 20 50 ns
Receiver Disable Time from Low tLZ Figures 5 and 11, CRL = 15pF, S1 closed 20 50 ns
Receiver Disable Time from High tHZ Figures 5 and 11, CRL = 15pF, S2 closed 20 50 ns
Maximum Data Rate fMAX 2.5 Mbps
Time to Shutdown tSHDN MAX481 (Note 5) 50 200 600 ns

_______________________________________________________________________________________ 3
Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited
RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS—MAX481/MAX485, MAX490/MAX491, MAX1487 (continued)
MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487

(VCC = 5V ±5%, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted.) (Notes 1, 2)


PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
Driver Enable from Shutdown to
tZH(SHDN) Figures 7 and 9, CL = 100pF, S2 closed 40 100 ns
Output High (MAX481)
Driver Enable from Shutdown to
tZL(SHDN) Figures 7 and 9, CL = 100pF, S1 closed 40 100 ns
Output Low (MAX481)
Receiver Enable from Shutdown Figures 5 and 11, CL = 15pF, S2 closed,
tZH(SHDN) 300 1000 ns
to Output High (MAX481) A - B = 2V
Receiver Enable from Shutdown Figures 5 and 11, CL = 15pF, S1 closed,
tZL(SHDN) 300 1000 ns
to Output Low (MAX481) B - A = 2V

SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS—MAX483, MAX487/MAX488/MAX489


(VCC = 5V ±5%, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted.) (Notes 1, 2)
PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
tPLH Figures 6 and 8, RDIFF = 54Ω, 250 800 2000
Driver Input to Output ns
tPHL CL1 = CL2 = 100pF 250 800 2000
Figures 6 and 8, RDIFF = 54Ω,
Driver Output Skew to Output tSKEW 100 800 ns
CL1 = CL2 = 100pF
Figures 6 and 8, RDIFF = 54Ω,
Driver Rise or Fall Time tR, tF 250 2000 ns
CL1 = CL2 = 100pF
Driver Enable to Output High tZH Figures 7 and 9, CL = 100pF, S2 closed 250 2000 ns
Driver Enable to Output Low tZL Figures 7 and 9, CL = 100pF, S1 closed 250 2000 ns
Driver Disable Time from Low tLZ Figures 7 and 9, CL = 15pF, S1 closed 300 3000 ns
Driver Disable Time from High tHZ Figures 7 and 9, CL = 15pF, S2 closed 300 3000 ns
tPLH Figures 6 and 10, RDIFF = 54Ω, 250 2000
Receiver Input to Output ns
tPHL CL1 = CL2 = 100pF 250 2000
I tPLH - tPHL I Differential tSKD
Figures 6 and 10, RDIFF = 54Ω,
100 ns
Receiver Skew CL1 = CL2 = 100pF
Receiver Enable to Output Low tZL Figures 5 and 11, CRL = 15pF, S1 closed 20 50 ns
Receiver Enable to Output High tZH Figures 5 and 11, CRL = 15pF, S2 closed 20 50 ns
Receiver Disable Time from Low tLZ Figures 5 and 11, CRL = 15pF, S1 closed 20 50 ns
Receiver Disable Time from High tHZ Figures 5 and 11, CRL = 15pF, S2 closed 20 50 ns
Maximum Data Rate fMAX tPLH, tPHL < 50% of data period 250 kbps
Time to Shutdown tSHDN MAX483/MAX487 (Note 5) 50 200 600 ns
Driver Enable from Shutdown to MAX483/MAX487, Figures 7 and 9,
tZH(SHDN) 2000 ns
Output High CL = 100pF, S2 closed
Driver Enable from Shutdown to MAX483/MAX487, Figures 7 and 9,
tZL(SHDN) 2000 ns
Output Low CL = 100pF, S1 closed
Receiver Enable from Shutdown MAX483/MAX487, Figures 5 and 11,
tZH(SHDN) 2500 ns
to Output High CL = 15pF, S2 closed
Receiver Enable from Shutdown MAX483/MAX487, Figures 5 and 11,
tZL(SHDN) 2500 ns
to Output Low CL = 15pF, S1 closed

4 _______________________________________________________________________________________
Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited
RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
NOTES FOR ELECTRICAL/SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS

MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487
Note 1: All currents into device pins are positive; all currents out of device pins are negative. All voltages are referenced to device
ground unless otherwise specified.
Note 2: All typical specifications are given for VCC = 5V and TA = +25°C.
Note 3: Supply current specification is valid for loaded transmitters when DE = 0V.
Note 4: Applies to peak current. See Typical Operating Characteristics.
Note 5: The MAX481/MAX483/MAX487 are put into shutdown by bringing RE high and DE low. If the inputs are in this state for less
than 50ns, the parts are guaranteed not to enter shutdown. If the inputs are in this state for at least 600ns, the parts are
guaranteed to have entered shutdown. See Low-Power Shutdown Mode (MAX481/MAX483/MAX487) section.

__________________________________________Typical Operating Characteristics


(VCC = 5V, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)

OUTPUT CURRENT vs. OUTPUT CURRENT vs. RECEIVER OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE vs.
RECEIVER OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE RECEIVER OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE TEMPERATURE
45 -20 4.8

MAX481-03
MAX481-01

MAX481-02

40 -18 4.6 IRO = 8mA

35 -16 4.4
OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE (V)
OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)

OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)

-14 4.2
30
-12
25 4.0
-10
20 3.8
-8
15 3.6
-6
10 -4 3.4

5 -2 3.2

0 0 3.0
0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125
OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE (V) OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE (V) TEMPERATURE (°C)

RECEIVER OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE vs. DRIVER OUTPUT CURRENT vs. DRIVER DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT VOLTAGE
TEMPERATURE DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT VOLTAGE vs. TEMPERATURE
0.9 90 2.4
MAX481-05

MAX481-06
MAX481-04

0.8 IRO = 8mA 80 2.3 R = 54Ω


DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)

0.7 70 2.2
OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE (V)

OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)

0.6 60 2.1

0.5 50 2.0

0.4 40 1.9

0.3 30 1.8

0.2 20 1.7

0.1 10 1.6

0 0 1.5
-50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125
TEMPERATURE (°C) DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V) TEMPERATURE (°C)

_______________________________________________________________________________________ 5
Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited
RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
____________________________Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)
MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487

(VCC = 5V, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)

OUTPUT CURRENT vs. OUTPUT CURRENT vs. MAX481/MAX485/MAX490/MAX491


DRIVER OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE DRIVER OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE SUPPLY CURRENT vs. TEMPERATURE
140 -120 600
MAX481-07

MAX481-08

MAX481-11
MAX481/MAX485; DE = VCC, RE = X
120 -100 500
OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)

OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)

SUPPLY CURRENT (μA)


100
-80 400
80
-60 300
60 MAX485; DE = 0, RE = X,
MAX481; DE = RE = 0
-40 200 MAX490/MAX491; DE = RE = X
40

-20 100
20
MAX481; DE = 0, RE = VCC
0 0 0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125
OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE (V) OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE (V) TEMPERATURE (°C)

MAX483/MAX487–MAX489 MAX1487
SUPPLY CURRENT vs. TEMPERATURE SUPPLY CURRENT vs. TEMPERATURE
600 600

MAX481-13
MAX481-12

500 500
SUPPLY CURRENT (μA)
SUPPLY CURRENT (μA)

400 MAX483; DE = VCC, RE = X 400

MAX1487; DE = VCC, RE = X
300 300
MAX487; DE = VCC, RE = X

200 MAX483/MAX487; DE = RE = 0, 200


MAX1487; DE = 0V, RE = X
MAX488/MAX489; DE = RE = X

100 100
MAX483/MAX487; DE = 0, RE = VCC
0 0
-50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 -60 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140
TEMPERATURE (°C) TEMPERATURE (°C)

6 _______________________________________________________________________________________
Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited
RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
______________________________________________________________Pin Description

MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487
PIN
MAX481/MAX483/ NAME FUNCTION
MAX488/ MAX489/
MAX485/MAX487/ NAME FUNCTION
MAX490 MAX491
MAX1487
DIP/SO µMAX DIP/SO µMAX DIP/SO
Receiver Output: If A > B by 200mV, RO will be high;
1 3 2 4 2 RO
If A < B by 200mV, RO will be low.
Receiver Output Enable. RO is enabled when RE is low; RO is
2 4 — — 3 RE
high impedance when RE is high.
Driver Output Enable. The driver outputs, Y and Z, are enabled
by bringing DE high. They are high impedance when DE is low. If
3 5 — — 4 DE the driver outputs are enabled, the parts function as line drivers.
While they are high impedance, they function as line receivers if
RE is low.

Driver Input. A low on DI forces output Y low and output Z high.


4 6 3 5 5 DI
Similarly, a high on DI forces output Y high and output Z low.
5 7 4 6 6, 7 GND Ground

— — 5 7 9 Y Noninverting Driver Output

— — 6 8 10 Z Inverting Driver Output

6 8 — — — A Noninverting Receiver Input and Noninverting Driver Output

— — 8 2 12 A Noninverting Receiver Input

7 1 — — — B Inverting Receiver Input and Inverting Driver Output

— — 7 1 11 B Inverting Receiver Input

8 2 1 3 14 VCC Positive Supply: 4.75V ≤ VCC ≤ 5.25V

— — — — 1, 8, 13 N.C. No Connect—not internally connected

TOP VIEW
RO 1 R 8 VCC MAX481
MAX483
RE 2 7 B
MAX485 DE
DE 3 6 A MAX487
MAX1487 DI
DI 4 D 5 GND RO 1 R 8 VCC D
7 B B
RE 2 Rt
DIP/SO Rt
DE 3 6
A A RO
DI 4 D 5 GND R
B 1 8 A
VCC 2 MAX481 7 GND RE
RO MAX483
3 6 DI
MAX485
RE 4 MAX487 5 DE
MAX1487
NOTE: PIN LABELS Y AND Z ON TIMING, TEST, AND WAVEFORM DIAGRAMS REFER TO PINS A AND B WHEN DE IS HIGH.
μMAX TYPICAL OPERATING CIRCUIT SHOWN WITH DIP/SO PACKAGE.

Figure 1. MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487/MAX1487 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit

_______________________________________________________________________________________ 7
Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited
RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487

TOP VIEW
VCC VCC
VCC 1 R 8 A MAX488
1
RO 2 7 B
MAX490

DI 3 6 Z 5 Y
3 Rt
GND 4 D 5 Y DI D 6 Z R RO

DIP/SO
8 A
2 Rt
B 1 8 Z RO R 7 D DI
B
A 2 MAX488 7 Y
VCC 3
MAX490 6 GND
4
RO 4 5 DI
GND GND

μMAX NOTE: TYPICAL OPERATING CIRCUIT SHOWN WITH DIP/SO PACKAGE.

Figure 2. MAX488/MAX490 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit

TOP VIEW DE VCC VCC RE


4 14 MAX489
MAX491
N.C. 1 14 V CC
9 Y
RO 2 R 13 N.C. 5 Rt
DI D R RO
10
RE 3 12 A Z
DE 4 11 B
12 A
DI 5 10 Z 2 Rt
RO R D DI
D 11
GND 6 9 Y B
1, 8, 13
GND 7 8 N.C. NC
3 6, 7
DIP/SO RE GND GND DE

Figure 3. MAX489/MAX491 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit

__________Applications Information MAX487/MAX1487:


The MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491 and 128 Transceivers on the Bus
MAX1487 are low-power transceivers for RS-485 and RS- The 48kΩ, 1/4-unit-load receiver input impedance of the
422 communications. The MAX481, MAX485, MAX490, MAX487 and MAX1487 allows up to 128 transceivers
MAX491, and MAX1487 can transmit and receive at data on a bus, compared to the 1-unit load (12kΩ input
rates up to 2.5Mbps, while the MAX483, MAX487, impedance) of standard RS-485 drivers (32 trans-
MAX488, and MAX489 are specified for data rates up to ceivers maximum). Any combination of MAX487/
250kbps. The MAX488–MAX491 are full-duplex trans- MAX1487 and other RS-485 transceivers with a total of
ceivers while the MAX481, MAX483, MAX485, MAX487, 32 unit loads or less can be put on the bus. The
and MAX1487 are half-duplex. In addition, Driver Enable MAX481/MAX483/MAX485 and MAX488–MAX491 have
(DE) and Receiver Enable (RE) pins are included on the standard 12kΩ Receiver Input impedance.
MAX481, MAX483, MAX485, MAX487, MAX489,
MAX491, and MAX1487. When disabled, the driver and
receiver outputs are high impedance.

8 _______________________________________________________________________________________
Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited
RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
_________________________________________________________________Test Circuits

MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487
Y

R TEST POINT 1kΩ


RECEIVER VCC
OUTPUT S1
VOD CRL
1kΩ
15pF
R VOC

Z S2

Figure 4. Driver DC Test Load Figure 5. Receiver Timing Test Load

3V VCC
DE CL1 500Ω S1
A OUTPUT
Y UNDER TEST
DI RDIFF RO
VID CL
B
Z S2
RE
CL2

Figure 6. Driver/Receiver Timing Test Circuit Figure 7. Driver Timing Test Load

MAX483/MAX487/MAX488/MAX489: monics with large amplitudes are evident. Figure 13


Reduced EMI and Reflections shows the same information displayed for a MAX483,
The MAX483 and MAX487–MAX489 are slew-rate limit- MAX487, MAX488, or MAX489 transmitting under the
ed, minimizing EMI and reducing reflections caused by same conditions. Figure 13’s high-frequency harmonics
improperly terminated cables. Figure 12 shows the dri- have much lower amplitudes, and the potential for EMI
ver output waveform and its Fourier analysis of a is significantly reduced.
150kHz signal transmitted by a MAX481, MAX485,
MAX490, MAX491, or MAX1487. High-frequency har-

_______________________________________________________________________________________ 9
Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited
RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
_______________________________________________________Switching Waveforms
MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487

3V 3V
DI 1.5V 1.5V DE 1.5V 1.5V
0V 0V
tPLH tPHL 1/2 VO
tZL(SHDN), tZL tLZ
Z Y, Z
VO 2.3V OUTPUT NORMALLY LOW VOL + 0.5V
Y VOL

1/2 VO OUTPUT NORMALLY HIGH


VDIFF = V (Y) - V (Z) Y, Z
VO
VDIFF 0V 90% 90% 2.3V VOH - 0.5V
10% 10% 0V
-VO
tR tF tZH(SHDN), tZH tHZ
tSKEW = | tPLH - tPHL |

Figure 8. Driver Propagation Delays Figure 9. Driver Enable and Disable Times (except MAX488 and
MAX490)

3V
RE 1.5V 1.5V
0V
VOH
RO tZL(SHDN), tZL tLZ
VOL 1.5V OUTPUT 1.5V VCC
RO 1.5V OUTPUT NORMALLY LOW VOL + 0.5V
tPHL tPLH
VID
A-B
-VID 0V INPUT 0V
OUTPUT NORMALLY HIGH
RO 1.5V VOH - 0.5V
0V
tZH(SHDN), tZH tHZ

Figure 10. Receiver Propagation Delays Figure 11. Receiver Enable and Disable Times (except MAX488
and MAX490)

_________________Function Tables (MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487/MAX1487)


Table 1. Transmitting Table 2. Receiving
INPUTS OUTPUTS INPUTS OUTPUT

RE DE DI Z Y RE DE A-B RO

X 1 1 0 1 0 0 > +0.2V 1

X 1 0 1 0 0 0 < -0.2V 0

0 0 X High-Z High-Z 0 0 Inputs open 1

1 0 X High-Z* High-Z* 1 0 X High-Z*

X = Don’t care X = Don’t care


High-Z = High impedance High-Z = High impedance
*Shutdown mode for MAX481/MAX483/MAX487 *Shutdown mode for MAX481/MAX483/MAX487

10 ______________________________________________________________________________________
Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited
RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers

MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487
10dB/div 10dB/div

0Hz 5MHz 0Hz 5MHz


500kHz/div 500kHz/div

Figure 12. Driver Output Waveform and FFT Plot of MAX481/ Figure 13. Driver Output Waveform and FFT Plot of MAX483/
MAX485/MAX490/MAX491/MAX1487 Transmitting a 150kHz MAX487–MAX489 Transmitting a 150kHz Signal
Signal

Low-Power Shutdown Mode Driver Output Protection


(MAX481/MAX483/MAX487) Excessive output current and power dissipation caused
A low-power shutdown mode is initiated by bringing by faults or by bus contention are prevented by two
both RE high and DE low. The devices will not shut mechanisms. A foldback current limit on the output
down unless both the driver and receiver are disabled. stage provides immediate protection against short cir-
In shutdown, the devices typically draw only 0.1µA of cuits over the whole common-mode voltage range (see
supply current. Typical Operating Characteristics). In addition, a ther-
RE and DE may be driven simultaneously; the parts are mal shutdown circuit forces the driver outputs into a
guaranteed not to enter shutdown if RE is high and DE high-impedance state if the die temperature rises
is low for less than 50ns. If the inputs are in this state excessively.
for at least 600ns, the parts are guaranteed to enter Propagation Delay
shutdown. Many digital encoding schemes depend on the differ-
For the MAX481, MAX483, and MAX487, the tZH and ence between the driver and receiver propagation
tZL enable times assume the part was not in the low- delay times. Typical propagation delays are shown in
power shutdown state (the MAX485/MAX488–MAX491 Figures 15–18 using Figure 14’s test circuit.
and MAX1487 can not be shut down). The tZH(SHDN) The difference in receiver delay times, | tPLH - tPHL |, is
and tZL(SHDN) enable times assume the parts were shut typically under 13ns for the MAX481, MAX485,
down (see Electrical Characteristics). MAX490, MAX491, and MAX1487 and is typically less
It takes the drivers and receivers longer to become than 100ns for the MAX483 and MAX487–MAX489.
enabled from the low-power shutdown state The driver skew times are typically 5ns (10ns max) for
(tZH(SHDN), tZL(SHDN)) than from the operating mode the MAX481, MAX485, MAX490, MAX491, and
–—–
(tZH, tZL). (The parts are in operating mode if the RE , MAX1487, and are typically 100ns (800ns max) for the
DE inputs equal a logical 0,1 or 1,1 or 0, 0.) MAX483 and MAX487–MAX489.

______________________________________________________________________________________ 11
Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited
RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487

100pF
Z B
TTL IN RECEIVER
tR, tF < 6ns D R OUT
Y R = 54Ω A

100pF

Figure 14. Receiver Propagation Delay Test Circuit

A B
VCC = 5V
500mV/div 500mV/div VCC = 5V
TA = +25°C
TA = +25°C

B A
RO
2V/div
2V/div
RO

20ns/div 20ns/div

Figure 15. MAX481/MAX485/MAX490/MAX491/MAX1487 Figure 16. MAX481/MAX485/MAX490/MAX491/MAX1487


Receiver tPHL Receiver tPLH

A B

500mV/div VCC = 5V 500mV/div VCC = 5V


TA = +25°C TA = +25°C

B A
RO
2V/div

2V/div
RO

400ns/div 400ns/div

Figure 17. MAX483, MAX487–MAX489 Receiver tPHL Figure 18. MAX483, MAX487–MAX489 Receiver tPLH

12 ______________________________________________________________________________________
Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited
RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
Line Length vs. Data Rate Figures 21 and 22 show typical network applications

MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487
The RS-485/RS-422 standard covers line lengths up to circuits. These parts can also be used as line
4000 feet. For line lengths greater than 4000 feet, see repeaters, with cable lengths longer than 4000 feet, as
Figure 23. shown in Figure 23.
Figures 19 and 20 show the system differential voltage To minimize reflections, the line should be terminated at
for the parts driving 4000 feet of 26AWG twisted-pair both ends in its characteristic impedance, and stub
wire at 110kHz into 120Ω loads. lengths off the main line should be kept as short as possi-
ble. The slew-rate-limited MAX483 and MAX487–MAX489
Typical Applications are more tolerant of imperfect termination.
The MAX481, MAX483, MAX485, MAX487–MAX491, and
MAX1487 transceivers are designed for bidirectional data
communications on multipoint bus transmission lines.

DI 5V DI 5V
0V 0V

1V 1V
VY-VZ 0V VY-VZ 0V
-1V -1V

5V 5V
RO RO
0V 0V

2μs/div 2μs/div

Figure 19. MAX481/MAX485/MAX490/MAX491/MAX1487 System Figure 20. MAX483, MAX487–MAX489 System Differential
Differential Voltage at 110kHz Driving 4000ft of Cable Voltage at 110kHz Driving 4000ft of Cable

120Ω 120Ω
DE
B B
DI
D D
DI
DE
A B A B A A

RO R R RO
RE RE

R R
MAX481 D D
MAX483
MAX485
MAX487 DI DE RO RE DI DE RO RE
MAX1487

Figure 21. MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487/MAX1487 Typical Half-Duplex RS-485 Network

______________________________________________________________________________________ 13
Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited
RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487

A Y
120Ω 120Ω
RO R D DI
RE
B Z
DE
DE
Z B
RE
120Ω 120Ω
DI D R RO

Y A
Y Z B A Y Z B A

R R
D D
MAX488–MAX491

DI DE RE RO DI DE RE RO

NOTE: RE AND DE ON MAX489/MAX491 ONLY.

Figure 22. MAX488–MAX491 Full-Duplex RS-485 Network

Isolated RS-485
For isolated RS-485 applications, see the MAX253 and
MAX488–MAX491 MAX1480 data sheets.

A
RO 120Ω
R B DATA IN
RE
DE

Z
DI 120Ω
D Y
DATA OUT

NOTE: RE AND DE ON MAX489/MAX491 ONLY.

Figure 23. Line Repeater for MAX488–MAX491

14 ______________________________________________________________________________________
Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited
RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
_______________Ordering Information

MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487
__Ordering Information (continued)
PART TEMP. RANGE PIN-PACKAGE PART TEMP. RANGE PIN-PACKAGE
MAX481CPA 0°C to +70°C 8 Plastic DIP MAX490CPA 0°C to +70°C 8 Plastic DIP
MAX481CSA 0°C to +70°C 8 SO MAX490CSA 0°C to +70°C 8 SO
MAX481CUA 0°C to +70°C 8 µMAX MAX490CUA 0°C to +70°C 8 µMAX
MAX481C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice* MAX490C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice*
MAX481EPA -40°C to +85°C 8 Plastic DIP MAX490EPA -40°C to +85°C 8 Plastic DIP
MAX481ESA -40°C to +85°C 8 SO MAX490ESA -40°C to +85°C 8 SO
MAX481MJA -55°C to +125°C 8 CERDIP MAX490MJA -55°C to +125°C 8 CERDIP
MAX483CPA 0°C to +70°C 8 Plastic DIP MAX491CPD 0°C to +70°C 14 Plastic DIP
MAX491CSD 0°C to +70°C 14 SO
MAX483CSA 0°C to +70°C 8 SO
MAX491C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice*
MAX483CUA 0°C to +70°C 8 µMAX
MAX491EPD -40°C to +85°C 14 Plastic DIP
MAX483C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice*
MAX491ESD -40°C to +85°C 14 SO
MAX483EPA -40°C to +85°C 8 Plastic DIP
MAX491MJD -55°C to +125°C 14 CERDIP
MAX483ESA -40°C to +85°C 8 SO
MAX1487CPA 0°C to +70°C 8 Plastic DIP
MAX483MJA -55°C to +125°C 8 CERDIP
MAX1487CSA 0°C to +70°C 8 SO
MAX485CPA 0°C to +70°C 8 Plastic DIP
MAX1487CUA 0°C to +70°C 8 µMAX
MAX485CSA 0°C to +70°C 8 SO
MAX1487C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice*
MAX485CUA 0°C to +70°C 8 µMAX
MAX1487EPA -40°C to +85°C 8 Plastic DIP
MAX485C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice*
MAX1487ESA -40°C to +85°C 8 SO
MAX485EPA -40°C to +85°C 8 Plastic DIP
MAX1487MJA -55°C to +125°C 8 CERDIP
MAX485ESA -40°C to +85°C 8 SO
MAX485MJA -55°C to +125°C 8 CERDIP *Contact factory for dice specifications.
MAX487CPA 0°C to +70°C 8 Plastic DIP
MAX487CSA 0°C to +70°C 8 SO
MAX487CUA 0°C to +70°C 8 µMAX
MAX487C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice* _________________Chip Topographies
MAX487EPA -40°C to +85°C 8 Plastic DIP
MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487/MAX1487
MAX487ESA -40°C to +85°C 8 SO
MAX487MJA -55°C to +125°C 8 CERDIP V CC
MAX488CPA 0°C to +70°C 8 Plastic DIP
MAX488CSA 0°C to +70°C 8 SO RO N.C.
MAX488CUA 0°C to +70°C 8 µMAX
N.C.
MAX488C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice* RE 0.054"
B
MAX488EPA -40°C to +85°C 8 Plastic DIP (1.372mm)
DE
MAX488ESA -40°C to +85°C 8 SO
MAX488MJA -55°C to +125°C 8 CERDIP A
DI
MAX489CPD 0°C to +70°C 14 Plastic DIP
MAX489CSD 0°C to +70°C 14 SO GND
MAX489C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice* 0.080"
MAX489EPD -40°C to +85°C 14 Plastic DIP (2.032mm)
MAX489ESD -40°C to +85°C 14 SO
MAX489MJD -55°C to +125°C 14 CERDIP

______________________________________________________________________________________ 15
Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited
RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491/MAX1487

_____________________________________________Chip Topographies (continued)


MAX488/MAX490 MAX489/MAX491

V CC V CC

RO A RO A

B B
N.C. 0.054" RE 0.054"
Z Z
(1.372mm) (1.372mm)
N.C. DE

Y Y
DI DI

GND GND
0.080" 0.080"
(2.032mm) (2.032mm)

TRANSISTOR COUNT: 248


SUBSTRATE CONNECTED TO GND

Package Information
For the latest package outline information and land patterns, go to www.maxim-ic.com/packages. Note that a “+”, “#”, or “-” in the
package code indicates RoHS status only. Package drawings may show a different suffix character, but the drawing pertains to the
package regardless of RoHS status.

PACKAGE TYPE PACKAGE CODE DOCUMENT NO.


8 Plastic DIP P8-1 21-0043
8 SO S8-2 21-0041
8 µMAX U8-1 21-0036
8 CERDIP J8-2 21-0045
14 Plastic DIP P14-3 21-0043
14 SO S14-1 21-0041
14 CERDIP J14-3 21-0045

16 ______________________________________________________________________________________
Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited
RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
Revision History

MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487–MAX491
REVISION REVISION PAGES
DESCRIPTION
NUMBER DATE CHANGED
0 1/93 Initial release. —

9 9/09 Changed column name in Selection Table to “Number of Receivers on Bus.” 1

Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. No circuit patent licenses are
implied. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time.

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© 2009 Maxim Integrated Products Maxim is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.