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Atlantic CoastWatch MAY-JUNE 2000

Nairobi Victory for Hawksbill

News For Coastal Advocates
Since 1993 Cuba has been stockpiling shells of endangered hawksbill
turtles from the Caribbean and wants to sell them, mostly to Japan. At this spring’s
Nairobi meeting of the Commission on International Trade in Endangered Hawksbills Win 1
Species (CITES), Cuba maneuvered hard to get the species downlisted so it could
dispose of the six-ton stash. Virginia: Aboard At Last 1
The Cubans argued that the stockpile exists due to the US trade embargo,
which required Cuba to harvest sea turtle meat to feed pregnant women in mater- Sayings 2
nity hospitals. Moreover, said Cuba, the US had financed private groups to oppose
the opening of hawksbill trade as part of their general effort to block Cuba from Developer Strikes Out 3
engaging in international commerce. Japan worked hard to help the Cubans, hiring
a public relations firm to coach them and a team of scientific consultants (mostly
crocodile experts) to refine their proposal.
Urbanization of Ocracoke 3

Over a fortnight of heated debate in Nairobi, US and international conser- Publications 4

vation and wildlife protection groups formed a hard-working “Turtle Team” to lobby
against the Cuban proposals. Well-qualified team scientists argued that reopening Protecting Right Whales 5
the hawksbill shell trade, even through a one-time shipment of stockpiled shell,
would stimulate illegal harvesting and trade around the world and further endan-
ger the species. Many countries supported this position, notably the Bahamas and Anacostia Turnaround 5
Costa Rica. Both countries want to work closely with Cuba to develop a Caribbean
hawksbill management plan. Shrink Wrap Shrunk 6
The outcome was a cliffhanger. After its original proposal failed to achieve
the required two-thirds majority, Cuba presented a modified version. This too Frenchboro Boost 6
failed. A third Cuban try, once again watered down a little, was narrowly defeated
on the very last day of the conference. “It was probably the most intense, fulfilling License Plate Boom 7
conservation victory I have ever helped achieve,” said one Turtle Team member,
David Godfrey of the Caribbean Conservation Corporation. But, he warned,
Cuba would have won had it needed only a simple majority. The issue, he added, is z
sure to resurface at next year’s CITES meeting.
Virginia: Aboard At Last People; Species & Habitats;
Ever since 1987, when the regional Chesapeake Bay Agreement was first Restorations; Report Cards;
negotiated and signed, Virginia has been a reluctant participant relative to such Products; Funding; Job Open-
other partners as Maryland, the EPA, and the Chesapeake Bay Commission. ings; Upcoming Events
So it was again over recent months, as proponents struggled to negotiate a
successor Chesapeake 2000 agreement obliging signatories to cut the Chesapeake
Bay area’s rate of sprawl by almost one-third by 2012. Atlantic CoastWatch is a bimonthly
nonprofit newsletter, free of charge,
During negotiations, Virginia Governor Jim Gilmore won an extra two for those interested in the
years for the region to meet that and other targets. These include permanently environmentally sound develop-
preserving 20 percent of the watershed’s open space, restoring 25,000 acres of ment of the coastline from the Gulf
wetlands, creating 2010 miles of riparian forest buffer, and bringing about a tenfold of Maine to the Eastern Caribbean.
increase in the Bay’s oyster population. The newsletter is available on paper
(Continued, p. 7) and at
Atlantic CoastWatch
Vol. 4, No. 3
“You’re a Sugar Daddy. Me Too. Actually, we’re chumps.
A project of the Sustainable
Development Institute, which seeks Collectively, as a society of sorts, we’ve sat by while our precious water-
to heighten the environmental quality shed the size of Maryland was ruined. For the quick, big profits of a select few.
of economic development efforts, in
the Atlantic coastal zone and in forest We’ve done the dark deed with our very own public money, using our own
regions, by communicating informa- often-compromised politicians. It’s scary when you think about the disaster we’ve
tion about better policies and prac- visited on our natural system.
tices. SDI is classified as exempt from
federal income tax under section I’m referring to the huge Everglades Agricultural Area (EAA), the size of
501(a) of the Internal Revenue Code Rhode Island (since we’re conjuring up state sizes). We mistakenly created the
as an organization described in section agriculture zone to reclaim wetlands then thought to be expendable. It’s environ-
501(c)(3). mental genocide.

Board of Directors Now, there may be a way out. Let’s consider buying up that Rhode Island.
For about five billion bucks.
Robert J. Geniesse, Chairman
Roger D. Stone, President Then restore the “sheetflow,” the slow-moving, higher-water table move-
Hart Fessenden, Treasurer ment that ran, or crawled, from the Kissimee Valley and Lake Okeechobee down
Hassanali Mehran, Secretary through the Everglades and to the Florida Keys. Our natural plant and animal life,
Edith A. Cecil not to mention drinking water, is largely at stake.
David P. Hunt
Freeborn G. Jewett, Jr. A current “Restudy” program would tinker further with reservoirs, dikes
Gay P. Lord and canals in an attempt to hang on to the EAA, restore some sheetflow and stop
pumped discharged into the estuaries. The Restudy is to cost eight billion. We’re all
Advisers for it. But we fear it may not work.

William H. Draper III Better, perhaps, to get rid of the problem at the source. The buyout could
Joan Martin-Brown include generous payments for salaried EAA workers and fair returns to the
barons. They got the land for next to nothing and influenced government (us) to
Scientific Advisory Council reclaim and subsidize operations.

Gary Hartshorn One factor most of us don’t quite realize is that the EAA water table is held
Stephen P. Leatherman down two feet and more, unnaturally, year after year, through our drainage system.
Jerry R. Schubel The land value shouldn’t be based on the artificial water-table manipulations. It’s
Christopher Uhl not that the drainage was done entirely by some long-lost souls of a century ago.
It’s continuing today, and tomorrow.
Lest you haven’t learned of the changes wrought by irresponsible reclama-
Roger D. Stone, Director & President tion and development, consider this sentence from a report by the US Geological
Shaw Thacher, Project Manager Survey:
Robert C. Nicholas III, Contributing
Editor ‘These changes include large losses of soil through oxidation and subsid-
Laura W. Roper, Correspondent ence, degradation of water quality, nutrient enrichment, contamination by pesti-
cides and mercury, fragmentation of the landscape, large losses of wetlands and
2000 Major Donors wetland functions, and widespread invasion by exotic species.’

The M.O. & M.E. Hoffman Foundation That’s just part of it.”
Mad River Foundation
The Moore Charitable Foundation —Karl Wickstrom, Publisher, Florida Sportsman Magazine
The Curtis & Edith Munson Foundation URL:
(Reprinted, with the magazine’s permission, from its May 2000 issue)
Sponsored Projects

Trees for DC
Environmental Film Festival in the
Nation’s Capital
Fully tax-deductible contributions to the Sustainable Development
Printed by Ecoprint on 20% postconsumer waste paper Institute, earmarked for Atlantic CoastWatch, are urgently needed. They
using vegetable oil based inks free of toxic metals. may be sent to us at 3121 South St., NW, Washington, DC, 20007.
Good Strikes Out At the age of 98 Gertrude Legendre,
a legendary sportswoman and
In late 1999 a federal appeals court turned down Florida developer Lloyd explorer, died in March. Among her
A. Good Jr.’s longstanding effort to fill in ten acres of wetlands on Sugarloaf Key in many accomplishments was her role
the Florida Keys. The proposed construction project would have placed two already as a founder and supporter of the
endangered animals—the Lower Keys marsh rabbit and the silver rice rat—in even South Carolina Coastal Conserva-
greater jeopardy. Good had claimed a Fifth Amendment “taking” entitling him to tion League. “Mrs. Legendre was
compensation. enthusiastic about the prospect of an
environmental group that could focus
The appeals court found that the standards of the US Army Corps of on the coast of South Carolina,” wrote
Engineers in effect when Good bought the property in 1973, prior to the passage of the League’s director, Dana Beach.
the Endangered Species Act, made it not “reasonable” for him to expect the “She did, however, have one criticism
development plan to be approved (Atlantic CoastWatch, September-October 1999). of the proposal. It was too long. I
should cut it down and get to the
In the aftermath of the lower court’s decision, the dogged Good appealed to point.” She was, he added, “a strong
the US Supreme Court. His lawyers argued that the standard set by the appeals woman who never doubted that she
court means that a property owner “will be held to lack such expectations even if and those around her could, and
nothing barred his proposed development on the day he purchased the land if the should, make a real difference in the
development is contrary to some future law or as yet unpromulgated regulation.” world.” URL:

Piffle, ruled the Supreme Court in April of this year, unanimously letting the This spring the environmental commu-
lower court’s decision stand and leaving Good no further options for legal maneu- nity suffered two other great losses.
vers. He told the St. Petersburg Times that “the case is going to set a landmark In Washington, DC John Sawhill,
precedent that’s going to be damaging to all private property rights.” Environmen- president of The Nature Conser-
talists applauded an outcome favoring better legal protection for sensitive coastal vancy since 1990 and a principal force
areas. in its rapid growth in size and effec-
tiveness, died of complications from
diabetes at the age of 63.
The Urbanization of Ocracoke In Boston Eleanor Dorsey, 51, marine
biologist and environmentalist, died of
No nook or cranny along the mid-Atlantic seaboard has seemed more brain cancer. Her distinguished career
isolated, or better protected from the usual ailments of urbanization, than placid included long periods of service at the
Ocracoke on North Carolina’s isolated Outer Banks. Guarded on one flank by open Long Term Research Institute in
water and on the other by public lands belonging to the Cape Hatteras National Lincoln, MA, where she studied
Seashore, Ocracoke’s mere 750 acres of privately held and well buffered land whales, and at the Conservation
seemed securely destined to remain a bucolic retreat of small inns, restaurants, Law Foundation in Boston where
and cottages. she focused on fishery issues.

But in recent years a major flush of tourism has created new problems for In March Stephanie Drea joined the
the small community: trash and sewage disposal, parking, and traffic congestion Center for Marine Conservation as
from an ever-growing stream of cars and trucks flowing in from Cape Hatteras vice president for communications
some 15 miles to the north or debarking in droves from the Cedar Island-Swan and marketing. Ms. Drea was for-
Point Ferry. Thomas B. Richter, chief planner in North Carolina’s Division of merly executive vice president of
Community Assistance, attended a recent community meeting. “His comments Hager Sharp Inc., a commercial
struck me as the most telling of the evening,” reported visiting journalist Irene marketing and public relations firm.
Nolan in The Island Breeze. “I’ve listened to your problems tonight,” Richter said, URL: www,
“and they are urban problems. Ocracoke is not a rural entity any more.”
The Wildlands Project, headed by
According to Nolan, no proposed solution comes without difficulties. The Dave Foreman and based in Tucson,
town cannot secede from Hyde County, on the mainland and indifferent to island has announced the appointment of
problems, without permission from the county which in turn appreciates Ocracoke David Bynum as eastern wildlands
tax revenues. Incorporation could bring independence, but at a heavy tax cost. coordinator. Based in Bahama, NC,
Both the National Park Service and some business owners, reports Nolan, oppose Bynum will work “to expand TWP’s
the idea of establishing a remote parking area and ferrying visitors into town by presence in the East, with a focus on
shuttle bus. North Carolina and the Chesapeake
Bay watershed.” URL:
In the end, Nolan concludes, the “only solution” for Ocracoke and other
remote Hatteras communities may be “to incorporate and seize control of the Among those selected this year by the
future, no matter what the cost. The alternative may be a loss of the quality of life Pew Fellows in Marine Conserva-
on these islands that has brought so many visitors here to begin with.” tion program, three are of special

interest to Atlantic CoastWatchers.

Shark expert Ellen Pikitch of the
Wildlife Conservation Society, Publications
Bronx, NY, will study fishery manage-
ment in New England and Madagas- Chided by some for designing ditsy subdivisions that fail to live up to their
car. James A. Powell of the Florida promise of radical change, Coral Gables architects and planners Andres Duany
Marine Research Institute will work and Elizabeth Plater-Zyberg are more widely heralded as important leaders in
to improve coastal protection in areas the nationwide struggle to curb sprawl and manage urban development more
with important manatee populations. carefully. In their new book, Suburban Nation: The Rise of Sprawl and the
Callum Roberts of the University of Decline of the American Dream (North Point Press 2000), they and co-author
York,York, UK will study the role of Jeff Speck recommend clear pathways toward cost-effective community revital-
marine reserves in St. Lucia in ization built around traditional planning concepts. This is a benchmark book written
supporting increased fishery yield. in plain language for consumption by the “armchair urbanist.”

Species & Habitats Few twentieth century yachtsmen can match designer/skipper Olin
Stephens for diversity of boating interests or length of time on watch. After early
No take zones in the Florida Keys years canoeing and power boating on New York’s Lake George, and sailing off Cape
National Marine Sanctuary show Cod, Stephens began designing yachts in the 1920s. From the boards of his
signs of working after two full years of Sparkman & Stephens firm came many illustrious designs of sailing yachts ranging
existence. Two independently man- from awesome J Class America’s Cup racers of the 1930s to the beautiful smaller
aged spiny lobster studies, launched in wooden yachts that cruised and raced the Atlantic during those years—often with
1997, show increased size and abun- Stephens at the helm. Now 92, he tells all in All This and Sailing Too, edited by
dance within them. Similar increases John Rousmaniere and Joseph Gribbins and published this year by the Mystic
have been recorded for many of the (CT) Seaport Museum. URL:
most exploited fish species. Findings
to date have not resulted in the Nearly unanimous rave reviews from citizens on greeted the
expansion of the sanctuary’s no-take publication of The Consumer’s Guide to Effective Environmental Choices
zones, which will be reviewed only (Three Rivers Press, 1999) by Michael Brower and Warren Leon of the Union of
after five years’ worth of data has Concerned Scientists. In the Baltimore Sun, columnist Tom Horton noted that
been assembled. But, says Joanne the book “dispels a lot of guilt and confusion” caused in part by other recitals of 100
Delaney, research interpreter at the or 1000 things you should be doing. He added that the book “offers the best
Sanctuary, the hope is that the interim scientific documentation I have seen on which individual actions have impact.”
tallies will encourage the spread of no-
take zones in other marine reserves. Two titles listed by Bullfrog Films, a distributor of environmental docu-
URL: mentaries, are especially appropriate for Atlantic coastal community or educational
screenings. Footsteps in the Sea: Growing up in the Fisheries Crisis (di-
The Delmarva fox squirrel, listed as rected by Mercedes Lee, produced by the Living Ocean program of the National
endangered since 1967, is “even more Audubon Society and the University of Tennessee, 1998, 21 min.) surveys the
critically endangered today,” reports situation from the viewpoint of three Gloucester, MA teenagers. Fisheries—
Chesapeake Wildlife Heritage. Beyond the Crisis (directed by Eileen Thalenberg, narrated by David Suzuki,
Habitat loss and threats from cars and produced by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 1998, 46 min.) in part
dogs have reduced this animal, slower describes the plight of Bay of Fundy fishermen. URL:
and heavier than the gray squirrel, to
less than 10% of its original range. It is For young explorers and those wishing to broaden their horizons, Florida’s
now found only in four counties on Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute (HBOI) has published Sea Profiles, a
Maryland’s Eastern Shore. Unless two CD-Rom multimedia presentation of coastal ecosystems, ocean processes,
population and land use patterns in many species, human impacts and HBOI exploration methods. Composed of
those areas undergo radical change, handsome illustrations, sharp photographs and movies, maps and apt descriptions,
predicts Chesapeake Wildlife Heritage Sea Profiles manages to capture the imagination while presenting encyclopedic
Director Ned Gerber, the species will amounts of marine information. This second product by HBOI’s media lab follows
have vanished in another 100 years. the 1996 Living Lagoon: An Electronic Field Trip to North America’s Most
URL: Biologically Diverse Estuary, also worthwhile, and was sponsored in part by
Royal Caribbean, Celebrity Cruise Lines, and the Ocean Fund. URL:
The Chesapeake Bay’s mute swan
population, meanwhile, is soaring—up For coastal professionals involved with or interested by computer map-
46 percent from 1996 in Maryland’s ping, noteworthy is Marine and Coastal Geographic Information Systems,
portion of the Bay according to the (Taylor and Francis, 1999). Editors Dawn J. Wright and Darius J. Bartlett
most recent waterfowl count. The big conducted a two year, internet based collaboration with leading experts in the field.
Eurasian birds, originally imported to Less an introductory text than a summary of state of the art research and methods,
decorate ponds and lakes, have no this first of a kind book provides valuable guidelines for scientists and resources
natural predators. They push away managers by highlighting the many complex issues faced when representing and
other species and consume large modeling data three dimensionally. URL:
quantities of valuable underwater
grasses. One way to deal with the
problem, reports Karl Blankenship
Protecting Northern Right Whales in Bay Journal, is to relocate rather
than kill them. Swan expert William
Of all whales, the closest to extinction is the northern right whale. Hunted Sladen, of Environmental Studies
almost to that point during commercial whaling days, the numbers of these 70-ton at Airlie, he writes, advocates that
animals have since increased from a low of about 100 to some 300 today. But now same-sex pairs be rendered flightless,
they suffer from frequent ship collisions along their migratory route from Florida to then handed over to people with
the Bay of Fundy, and reproductive failure perhaps due to stress. Only one calf of ponds in need of adornment. URL:
this species is known to have been born last year. Whale scientists give the species
200 more years unless new ways are found to protect the remaining population.
In a new effort to lessen the occurrence of collisions with ships, which have
killed at least 16 northern right whales since 1973 (40 percent of all deaths), Eelgrass, providing a safe breeding
scientists have begun testing a new acoustic system this year. The Song of the ground for many marine species,
Whale, an International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) research vessel, once covered 9,000 acres of
deployed six beach ball-sized buoys in 50 to 100 feet of water near Georges Bank Narragansett Bay, reports the Provi-
off Cape Cod. After a month of capturing ocean sounds, including those of passing dence Journal. Today, only 100 acres
northern right whales, the buoys will soon pop up to the surface and be retrieved. of such cover remains. This spring, in
Then the data stored on them will be analyzed. “It looks quite promising,” says a program sponsored by Save the
Anna Moscrop, IFAW’s right whale project manager. But to give ship traffic better Bay, students at 22 Rhode Island
warning of whale whereabouts, she hopes for further progress. “We need a schools cultivated seedlings in
system that can supply information in real time, not just store it on a hard disk for classrooms and greenhouses for
recovery later,” she says. subsequent transplanting into the Bay.
Students told the paper that they like
Separately, IFAW coordinated a pilot effort this spring to clear away the project. “Instead of doing book
“ghost” fishing gear—lost or discarded nets, ropes, lobster buoys and pots—from work, you’re actually doing some-
parts of Cape Cod Bay frequented by right whales. Entanglement with such thing,” said Misty Billings, 16. “We
equipment is another leading cause of death, with some 14 casualties since 1970. get to see how much we’ve accom-
This spring’s cleanup, in which the Cape Cod Lobstermen’s Association and the plished. We’d rather be in the green-
Massachusetts Division of Marine Fisheries participated, was the prelude to a house than in class.”
more intensive campaign to be conducted next winter. Only a small number of
lobster pots remain active during the winter, and ghost gear will be easier to find. The money isn’t much, only $1.1
“Next January,” state biologist Dan McKiernan told the Cape Cod Times, “Prior to million to be split for restoration work
the whales arriving, we can truly get all the abandoned gear out of the bay.” within no fewer than 11 estuaries
Lobstermen expressed eagerness to help. URL: around the US, from Puget Sound to
Tampa Bay. But the new partnership
recently announced between the
Restoration Center at NOAA, the
The Anacostia: Attention at Last National Marine Fisheries Service,
and the private organization Save
Few rivers have been as badly treated as the District of Columbia’s America’s Estuaries (SAE) still holds
Anacostia, the 8.4 mile “eastern branch” of the Potomac. While cleanup efforts for promise. It weds federal resources
the Potomac itself started back in the 1960s, the Anacostia continued long after to and scientific capabilities to SAE’s 11
be bombarded with toxic pollution and used as a dumping ground for old tires, oil member organizations with deep roots
drums, and manure from the National Zoo. Neglected property lined the banks. in local communities. SAE members
Wildlife fled or died. A recent US Fish and Wildlife Service study revealed work in the Gulf of Maine, Long Island
persistently high rates of liver or skin tumors on brown bullhead, a species of Sound, Narragansett Bay, the Hudson-
catfish found in the river. Raritan estuary, the Chesapeake Bay,
and in North Carolina’s Albemarle and
Serious recovery efforts can be traced back to 1989, when the Anacostia Pamlico Sounds. URLs:
Watershed Society began a series of highly successful campaigns to remove;
debris and plant trees on the river’s banks. A more recent entry is the innovative
Earth Conservation Corps, which employs minority teenagers and young adults
in cleanup efforts and in reintroductions of bald eagles and other long-missing Report Cards
species. Since his arrival on the scene two years ago, the District’s Mayor
Anthony Williams has become a determined advocate for waterfront revitaliza-
tion, attracting some $130 million in local and federal resources to improve the According to a recent National
river and its environs. An agreement signed a year ago commits the District and Academy of Sciences report,
Maryland to firm targets for reducing pollution and protecting the river and its 170 human activities have doubled the
square-mile watershed. amount of nitrogen circulating in the
(Continued, p. 6) environment between 1960 and 1999.
Nutrients, of which nitrogen is one, are
“ the biggest pollution problem of
coastal waters in the US,” the report
adds, and nitrogen is clearly the Anacostia, Continued from p. 5
problem in most places. In the mid-
Atlantic region, a frequent conse- This year another force for improving the Anacostia is entering the scene.
quence is algal blooms that discolor Damon Whitehead was recently named Anacostia Riverkeeper as a new member
waters, kill seagrass, and disrupt of the environmental “neighborhood watch” consortium called the International
fisheries. In the lower Chesapeake Water Keeper Alliance. URLs:,
and its tributaries, reported the
Maryland Department of Natural
Resources, nature underscored the
NAS report by deploying “one of the Boat Shrink Wrap Shrunk
most concentrated and extensive
algal blooms” to be recorded during The shrink wrap that covers many boats during the winter, and many new
the past 20 years. The “mahogany boats as they are being delivered, is “very light,” says Beth Kahr, executive
tides” resulted not only in discolora- director of Maryland’s Marine Trades Association. “But it takes up a huge
tion of the water and boat waterlines, amount of space at landfills, and it represents a problem that needed a solution.”
but also in low dissolved oxygen
levels leading to fish dieoffs in some After several years of experimentation, Kahr last year launched a program
areas. URLs:, in boating intensive Anne Arundel County. This year the County located special dumpsters for used shrink wrap. With funding from the Chesapeake Bay Trust,
the Association publicized the initiative and shipped the wrap collected to a recy-
According to a recent Louis Harris cling center run by Giant Foods. Giant baled the wrap, then sold it to a company
poll, reported the Miami Herald, 57 called Manner Resins which turned it into edging for gardens.
percent of those surveyed want the
former Homestead Air Force Base in Of a total 20,000 ponds of wrap collected this year—double that of 1999—
South Miami-Dade County to become 9,000 was deposited in 48 cubic yard dumpsters at the Port Annapolis marina.
a site for homes and office buildings “We’re just really pleased at the response,” says Kahr. She plans to repeat the
rather than the full-fledged commer- program next spring, and extend it throughout the state.
cial airport that has been proposed.
Only 30 percent support the airport
development. URL:
A Big Boost for Frenchboro
Maine islands have trouble hanging on. Fisheries decline, jobs grow more
scarce, young people move to the mainland. Great Cranberry Island supports a
In Gray, ME, SeptiTech, Inc. recently school but there are no more children to attend it starting in the fall. Almost all year-
won an EPA award for its system that round residents are 65 or older in age. Among current efforts to attract new year-
disinfects wastewater from septic round residents are affordable housing and new business development programs.
tanks with ultraviolet light, then evenly
disperses the treated water onto Nearby Frenchboro Long Island, a place of great beauty just 8 miles south
gardens via a hose that leaks along its of busy Mt. Desert, has an even longer history of working hard to achieve a viable
entire length. year-round population and economic stability. Back in the mid-1980s its Future
Development Corporation built 7 houses on donated land, and offered bargain
Both in Baltimore and in Blacksburg, rentals to newcomers willing to settle there year-round. Some of those selected
VA, reports Science News Online, have left; more have stayed on and built their own houses. And all but 2 of the
researchers are developing advanced rentals are currently occupied.
recirculating-tank aquaculture
systems that can provide employment Now another windfall has come for this island’s 45 residents. Last year,
in depressed urban or rural areas and when a huge tract of more than 900 acres of undeveloped land (more than half of
avoid environmental problems the island) was placed on the market, they feared that developers would quickly
associated with fish farming in open change it from a fishing community to a summer resort. They sought help from
waters. Efficient filtering systems can private institutions that might help them save the land: the Maine Coast Heritage
keep fish healthy in the new tanks, Trust, Island Institute, and Maine Sea Coast Mission.
even if they take up as much as 1/3 of
the space available. Recent innova- Together these organizations raised some $3 million to buy the tract for
tions to such systems, less advanced conservation—more private money than had ever been raised for any single Maine
versions of which have been around island conservation effort. Along the way they persuaded owner Peggy Dulany to
for decades, are improving their cost- sell it for almost $1 million less than the original asking price. Associated with the
effectiveness and moving their purchase are funds to manage the property for low-impact public use, renovate
discharges of liquid wastes ever closer historic buildings on the island, and make payments to the town in lieu of taxes.
to zero. URL: Frenchboro First Selectman David Lunt called the deal “a lifesaver.” URL:

Thanks to an $822,697 donation from

With Appreciation an anonymous part-time resident, the
St. Croix Environmental Associa-
We extend warm thanks to the following recent donors: tion (SEA) was recently able to
acquire a 60-acre parcel of land on the
Gilman S. Burke Betty McMillan island’s north shore as a permanent
John S. Chatfield Mobil Foundation (Matching Grant) nature reserve. Now known as the
Joan and Joseph F. Cullman 3rd Laura W. Roper Southgate Pond Nature Preserve, the
Hart Fessenden Russell E.Train property is the island’s best habitat for
Freeborn G. Jewett Jr. George and Louisa Watson birds, says SEA. The donor will also
finance the first year’s operating
expenses for the reserve, and may
Licensed for Conservation help even beyond that. URL:
From the District of Columbia, where a “Taxation Without Representation”
tag was recently proposed, to North Carolina, where a “Square Dance Club”
Job Openings
insignia costs an extra $10, the trade in special automobile license plates is boom-
ing. A standard theme is to use revenues from surcharges that drivers pay for the The UMCES Horn Point Labora-
tags to support wildlife and wildlands conservation. tory, Maryland seeks a physical
oceanographer. E-mail:
Massachusetts offers three special plates. The most successful, launched
in 1995, features a right whale and two roseate terns. More recently, the Common-
wealth has added tags expressing the car owner’s concern for Cape Cod and Old Dominion University, Norfolk,
adjacent islands, and for fish and wildlife. Net funds collected from the premium VA seeks an assistant professor of
annual fee are managed by the quasi-public Massachusetts Environmental Biological Oceanography. E-mail:
Trust. The whale plate has raised over $7 million, says the its director, Robin
Peach. Grant-making continues at a rate of $1.2 million a year.
The Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean
Maryland, through the familiar great blue heron motif on its commemora- Sciences, Boothbay Harbor, ME,
tive “Treasure the Chesapeake” tag, uses auto licensing to help educational seeks principal investigators, ocean
institutions, nonprofits, and public agencies work to protect the Bay. Returns from sciences. E-mail:
the $20 premium are administered by the Chesapeake Bay Trust, which awards
grants ranging from $5,000 or less to as much as $50,000. The Trust has doled out
$9 million since the program was established in 1991; grantmaking from plate The National Oceanographic and
revenues totals $580,000 a year. Georgia and North Carolina allocate returns from Atmospheric Administration,
specialty plate fees to their own wildlife protection agencies as well as to groups Department of Commerce, has
such as the Friends of the Lighthouse (Cape Hatteras). openings for a skilled fisherman and a
survey technician, at Woods Hole,
Heads-up private environmental organizations can score funding gains by Massachusetts. E-mail:
working closely with such programs. For one thing, they can lobby to prevent
licence plate revenues from becoming replacements for, rather than additions to,
previously funded programs. And they can stimulate new activities. In Florida, The New Jersey Conservation
where panther and manatee plates had been around for a while, the Caribbean Foundation, Far Hills, New Jersey,
Conservation Corporation (CCC) worked hard to get enough petition signatures seeks a coordinator for its Conserva-
to warrant a new plate promoting protection for sea turtles. Then CCC launched its tion Leadership Program. E-mail:
own efforts to help the state market the new tags, most recently via a billboard
campaign underwritten by a private donor. Sales are soaring. Soon there will be
enough in the till for the state to start funding private organizations as well as the The Florida Marine Research
public agencies that by law must receive support from this revenue stream. CCC Institute needs a turtle researcher.
will be among the first private beneficiaries. URL: URL: www.

The Coastal Resource Management

Project, Turks and Caicos islands,
Virginia, Continued from p. 1 seeks a Chief Parks Warden. FAX:
(649) 946-2751
The new agreement, said the Washington Post, “gives a nod to Virginia’s
traditionally more friendly attitude toward growth by describing the target as The Center for Field Research,
reductions in ‘harmful sprawl’ rather than cuts in the rate of development.” But, the Earthwatch Institute, has an
paper continued, the compromise “achieves real gains” and “sets a standard by opening for a Program Manager, Earth
which the agreement partners and the public can judge future land-use decisions.” and Marine Sciences. URL:
Atlantic CoastWatch Non Profit Org.
Sustainable Development Institute US Postage
3121 South St., NW Paid
Washington, D.C. 20007 Permit #1400
Silver Spring, MD
Tel: (202) 338-1017

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