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Atlantic CoastWatch September - October 2003

Northeast States Strike Back News For Coastal Advocates


The District of Columbia and 10 states, 7 of them in the northeast, have
NE States Strike Back 1
sued the US government for its failure to regulate greenhouse gas emissions and
thus curb global warming. The states challenge statements recently made by
EPA that it lacks Clean Air Act authority to regulate greenhouse gas emissions, Capricious Isabel 1
and that regulating greenhouse gases is bad policy. The states= actions follow on
previous expressions of concern about the Bush Administration=s inattention to Sayings 2
the climate change issue, which in one 2002 letter 11 state attorneys general
termed the Amost pressing environmental challenge of the 21st century.@ Pleasant Bay Citizens Win 3
In a separate action, a similar grouping of states has sued the EPA for Publications 4
violating Clean Air Act rules by making it easier for companies to install equip-
ment without undergoing environmental reviews. Among state governors who
support this state action is Maryland=s Robert J. Ehrlich, Jr. Though Ehrlich is
Courts & the Seashore 4
far from green, the Baltimore Sun reports that he approves of the suit because
Maryland receives polluted air from 11 other states and, said an aide, Ahe had to Penobscot Salmon 5
do right for our quality of life and for our environment.@
Chesapeake National Park? 5

Capricious Isabel Fire Proofed Fish 6

Press accounts of damage from the September 18 hurricane reveal a Truck Ahoy 6
mixed bag of impacts:
New No Discharge Areas 7
Fisheries. Short term damage to the fishing industry included a 10-day
prohibition on taking shellfish in Maryland and an enforced layoff for many. Said Crackdown on NJ Polluters 8
fisherman Buddy Goodwin of Cedar Island, North Carolina: “When you’ve got
houses in your nets there ain’t much you can do.” North Carolina health authori- New Ocean Institute 8
ties warned against eating raw seafood. Debris fouled fish traps and nets. Some
clam and oyster farms reported losses. Raging waters had a longer term effect in
fishing communities such as Tangier Island, Virginia where crab shacks, docks, Recurring
and traps collapsed, putting many uninsured watermen out of business. In other
locations, processing plants and refrigeration facilities were destroyed. On the People; Awards; Species &
positive side, some fishermen able to get out on North Carolina’s Pamlico Sound
Habitats; Restorations;
and the Chesapeake Bay a few days after the storm found ample supplies of fish
and crabs, the latter perhaps dislodged from their hiding places by the waves.
Report Cards; Products;
The storm surge running into the Bay’s entrance and up its length may have Funding
pushed more baby crabs into its waters, foreshadowing a larger population next
year. Fresh water from heavy rains this year, plus Isabel ‘s extra 2 inches, may Atlantic CoastWatch is a bimonthly
benefit oysters. Threats from parasites attacking them diminish in low-salinity nonprofit newsletter for those inter-
areas. ested in the environmentally sound
development of the coastline
Runoff and Flooding. Environmental experts noted examples of runoff from the Gulf of Maine
bearing nutrients and pollutants into specific areas, including 6 rivers where to the Eastern Caribbean.
oxygen levels approached zero and hundreds of thousands of fish were killed.
Some Chesapeake Bay area rivers experienced siltation from erosion of banks, Coastal News Nuggets, a weekly
and heavy nutrient runoff. Fish kills in the Potomac were reported. In many areas news headline summary, is available
fuel and septic tanks were uncovered and washed away. But Isabel’s damage to through our web site:
www.atlanticcoastwatch.org.
(Continued, p. 7)
2
Atlantic CoastWatch
Vol. 7, No. 5 Sayings
A project of the Sustainable Debra Hernandez is the chairman of Coastal States Organization
Development Institute, which (CSO) and director of policy and program development, South Carolina Office
of Ocean & Coastal Resource Management, Charleston. Her recent Op-Ed:
seeks to heighten the environ-
mental quality of economic Advertisements, picture postcards and paintings show peaceful beach
development efforts, in coastal scenes designed to calm the soul. Unfortunately, our coasts aren’t as pristine as
and in forest regions, by commu- these images. Coastal areas face new demands, increased conflicts between
nicating information about better users and complex environmental challenges daily. Many people don’t realize
policies and practices. SDI is how fragile coastal lands and waters are and how quickly they can be spoiled C
classified as a 501(c)(3) organiza- not only their beauty but also their ability to support life and vibrant communi-
tion, exempt from federal income ties.
tax.
There are always volunteers cleaning up beaches along U.S. shores but
most of us don’t give a thought to the importance of coastlines to our communi-
Board of Directors
ties or economy. Yet, our daily actions on land affect water quality and marine
life. Contaminated wastewater can pollute the water for miles. Improperly
Freeborn G. Jewett, Jr., Chair
applied pesticides and fertilizers on fields, golf courses and lawns seep into
Robert J. Geniesse, Chair Emeritus
tributaries and flow to coastal waters. When you wash the car or forget to fix an
Roger D. Stone, President
oil leak, water runoff carries the residue away but deposits it in streams and
Hart Fessenden, Treasurer
rivers.
Hassanali Mehran, Secretary
David P. Hunt
In 2002 over 3 million pounds of trash were collected from U.S. beaches
Gay P. Lord
on oceans, bays, lakes and rivers during International Coastal Cleanup, an event
Simon Sidamon-Eristoff
that got its start in Texas. Last year, pollution caused more than 12,000 closings
and advisories at beaches across the country.
Scientific Advisory Council
Even nature can be destructive to our coasts, as Hurricane Claudette
Gary Hartshorn
demonstrated in and around Calhoun County this summer. Storms and natural
Stephen P. Leatherman
erosion by wind and rain wreak havoc on the lives of people who live near the
Jerry R. Schubel
shore. Damage to coastal habitats and waters is not an out-of-sight, out-of-mind
Christopher Uhl
problem. More than 50 percent of Americans live within 50 miles of our 95,000
miles of shoreline.
Staff
The viability of healthy coasts hits us in the pocketbook. Commercial
Roger D. Stone, Director & President
fishing contributes $28.6 billion to the national economy annually and provides a
Shaw Thacher, Project Manager
livelihood for cultural and regional icons such as Maine lobstermen, Gulf shrimp-
Robert C. Nicholas III, Contr. Editor
ers and salmon fishermen in the Pacific Northwest. Recreational fishermen
Sarah Dixon, Program Associate
spend $20 billion annually. Goods move through our country’s 190 commercial
ports and 180 million vacationers visit coasts every year.
Foundation Donors
There is a plethora of public policy aimed at protecting our coastal
Avenir Foundation
treasures, but these rules do not always work. Currently we have more than 140
The Fair Play Foundation
different, often overlapping and redundant, sometimes ineffective federal laws
The Madriver Foundation
designed to safeguard sensitive ecosystems at the water’s edge, and each of our
The Moore Charitable Foundation
35 coastal states and territories has local laws. Our policies toward coasts are a
The Curtis and Edith Munson
polyglot of directives without coherence. We need a common sense of purpose
Foundation
and a coherent national strategy for preserving the multiple uses and benefits of
our coasts and oceans.
Sponsored Projects
The impending report of the US Commission on Ocean Policy to the
Environmental Film Festival in the President offers a unique opportunity to reorganize and revitalize the
Nation’s Capital, March 18-28, government’s stewardship of coastal resources. Leadership and accountability at
2004 the highest levels of government is required to ensure implementation. One
federal agency must be designated the lead.
Featuring over 100 Documentary,
Feature, Archival, Children’s and What we continue to learn from science is that resources cannot be
Animated Films. Almost all free. managed piecemeal. Fish and water don’t recognize political boundaries. One
lead agency would coordinate cross-boundary solutions in partnership with
(Continued, p. 8)
www.dcenvironmentalfilmfest.org
3
People

Pleasant Bay Citizens Win First executive director of the newly


founded Conservation Voters of
Nine thousand acres in size, Pleasant Bay on Cape Cod is its largest South Carolina is Ann Timberlake.
saltwater estuary. It harbors a healthy diversity of marine life and cultural A 25-year veteran in community and
resources. It also provides excellent recreation opportunities for people in the environmental affairs, Timberlake is
nearby towns of Chatham, Harwich, Orleans and Brewster. But had it not been a graduate of Tulane University and
for the strong input of a private, nonprofit group called the Friends of Pleasant once head of the Sierra Club=s
Bay (FOPB), this tranquil waterbody might have become as trampled by inappro- South Carolina chapter.
priate overuse as are many other parts of the Cape. In 18 years of stewardship,
the Friends have headed many bad ideas off at the pass and lodged many good Charles C. Cabot Jr., 73, a member
ones in the hearts and minds of town officials and many other decision makers. of the Conservation Law Founda-
tion since 1970 and chair of its board
The organization originated when a group of mostly older citizens, since 1991, has died. Cabot saw CLF
newly retired in the region, became concerned about the effects of development develop from a grassroots organiza-
and rapid population growth. They persuaded retired town planner Alan tion into a leading environmental
McGlennen, Sr. to play a lead part in forming and managing a new citizen advocacy group with an almost
organization. Once the group was established as a private nonprofit, the $6 million annual budget.
Friends= made a major effort to persuade the four towns to get Pleasant Bay
declared by the state to be an Area of Critical Environmental Concern (ACEC). New executive director of the
This designation, won in 1987, does not prevent development. It does give Waterkeeper Alliance is attorney
citizens and towns a stronger voice for sound planning and land management. Steve Fleischli, former executive
director of the Santa Monica
Next step was to persuade the four towns of the need to prepare a Baykeeper. There he scored suc-
management plan for the new ACEC, raise some $40,000 in private funds to help cesses on issues including summer
cover the cost of putting one together, and monitor its implementation. Three of beach closures, illegal discharges,
the 4 towns in the watershed have adopted the plan, which took four years to and trash in local rivers.
put together. FOBP=s current president, Alan McGlennen, Jr., continues to
hope that the fourth, Brewster, will do so as well. The plan has won what the Awards
Gulf of Maine Times calls Aoverwhelming community support;@ Pleasant Bay has,
it adds, Abecome a model among the state=s ACECs because of its well designed Laurance Rockefeller has been
and well executed management plan.@ granted honorary British Virgin
Islands citizenship for his conserva-
FOBP also raised $60,000 for a baseline study of the bay=s horseshoe tion efforts there over 50 years. His
crab population, depleted by mid-Atlantic fishermen traveling north to harvest work has included planning environ-
the crabs to use as bait for conch. The study=s findings on population and mentally minded tourism on Virgin
mortality led to a local ban on harvesting, which is now in its second year. Gorda, preserving large areas of land
Recently the friends and communities also succeeded in getting passage of a as natural areas and providing
ban on jet-skiing in the bay. leadership in creating the national
park system, the BVI National
Along with the Trust for Public Land and the Harwich Conservation Parks Trust.
Trust, FOPB has also been a major player in what is almost certain to be another
big success: the $5.875 million purchase of a key undeveloped 42-acre water- A ChevronTexaco Conservation
front property on the bay. With only a few days left before the deadline to raise Award was given to Karen Eckert
the full amount, the campaign remained some $500,000 short of its goal. But for her work in sea turtle conserva-
with developers sniffing around and a vigorous campaign at full steam, tion. Eckert is the executive director
McGlennen is Aconfident@ that victory for this effortBand the addition of another of the Wider Caribbean Sea Turtle
big feather in FOPB=s capBare at hand. Conservation Network (WIDECAST),
the largest network of sea turtle
research and conservation in the
world. The organization is especially
Appreciation noted for developing Sea Turtle
Restoration Action Plans (STRAPs)
We especially appreciate the receipt of major support from the Draper that provide small nations with a
Foundation and from the Avenir Foundation, and thank these others for clear assessment of the most
generous donations received between August 27 and October 17, 2003: pressing sea turtle threats.

Aileen T. Geddes Nicholas Millhouse The New England Aquarium has


Mel and Lissa Hodder Natural Resources Defense Council awarded Peter Shelley, director of
Mr. and Mrs. W. Boulton Kelly Jr. A. Ann Stone the Conservation Law
Joan F. Koven Mary M . Thacher Foundation=s Maine Advocacy
Rob and Peggy Leeson Center, the David B. Stone Medal for
4
distinguished service to the commu-
nity and the environment.

Species & Habitats Publications


According to the Chesapeake Bay a The Chesapeake: An Environmental Biography by John R.
Foundation, nitrogen levels in the Wennersten (Maryland Historical Press, 2001) is a workmanlike analysis of the
bay are at a seven year high, prima- Bay=s long ecological slide. The region=s prehistoric Indians were no angels,
rily because of weather. Drought in reports the University of Maryland professor of history and politics. But in
previous years allowed fertilizer to recent times the slope has grown far slipperier.
build up. This year=s heavy rainfall
flushed 2 years= worth of nutrients a Given the angling fantasy of a fall trip pursuing stripers from Maine to
into the bay. Estimates show 459 North Carolina, it was only a matter time before an itinerant outdoor journalist
million pounds of nitrogen will enter saw fit to do it. On the Run: An Angler=s Journal Down the Striper Coast
the bay this year, compared with (William Morrow, 2003) tracks such a journey by David DiBenedetto. With
only 201 million pounds last year. fishermen hitting all the top spots, On the Run will no doubt join stacks of
“For more than 20 years,” says CBF, perennial Aoff@ season favorites. ATake me there@ details may help re-popularize
“bay scientists have known that surfcasting, spear fishing and skishing, defined as floating (off Montauk) in wet
nitrogen is the most serious problem suit with rod, waiting for a 30-40 pounder to hook up, and embarking on a
facing the bay.” To improve water variation of the Nantucket sleigh ride.
quality, the multi-state Chesapeake
2000 agreement calls for nitrogen a Rather than creating new interactive training materials or curricula,
pollution to be reduced to 110 million EPA=s new AHigh School Environmental Center@ tabs, lumps and organizes
pounds by 2010. by subject reams of existing online information and materials. While descrip-
tions for each site keep the Center from being a bare bones bookmark list, its
Powerful new low frequency naval hodge-podge organization may appeal only to strongly motivated teens.
sonar may be causing decompres- URL: www.epa.gov/highschool
sion sickness in whales, according to
recent NOAA research published in
Nature magazine. A mass stranding
in the Canary Islands after a military
Courts & the Seashore
exercise showed that 10 of the 14
animals had signs of the ailment. After ten years of arduous negotiation involving conservationists and
The sonar may cause the whales to property rights advocates, South Carolina=s legislature this year passed a takings
experience the Abends@ after they bill that seems to satisfy all parties. The SC Land Use Dispute Resolution Act,
panic and ascend rapidly. Another now law, provides a simple mediation route for an aggrieved landowner who
theory suggests that the sonar believes his property rights have been denied. It calls for education of public
directly causes dangerous gas officials and, says the South Carolina Coastal Conservation League=s
bubbles to form in the animals= vital Nancy Vinson: ADoesn=t turn our system of environmental protection and
organs. In court the US Navy has zoning on its head by making every protective measure a taking.@ SCCCL director
agreed to sharp limits on the use of Dana Beach, noting grave dangers linked to previous takings proposals,
the new sonar gear. expressed delight that a compromise had been fashioned which is acceptable to
both developers and environmentalists, and which does not change the constitu-
The Canadian Parks and Wilder- tional standard for takings.
ness Society is attempting to
protect a coral forest in the AStone For 15 years a Florida fixture has been the tireless performance of US
Fence@ area off the coast of Nova District Judge William Hoveler as presider over the endless Everglades
Scotia. A request to ban cleanup lawsuit. A favorite among environmentalists, the veteran judge, 81, has
groundfishing has been made to publicly expressed strong views about the stewardship of Governor Jeb Bush,
Fisheries Minister Robert G. state water management officials, and state legislation extending cleanup
Thibault. The coral groves provide deadlines. This year, responding to a complaint by the United States Sugar
high quality habitat for groundfish Corporation, Chief US District Judge William Zloch ruled that Hoveler=s
and other marine organisms. A criticisms had disqualified him and handed the case over to another judge,
recent survey has shown significant Federico Moreno. He pledged to put the case on a fast track.
damage, especially from fishing
gear, and there is a danger of local This year the North Carolina Supreme Court upheld a lower court
extinction of some species. decision affirming the authority of the state=s Environmental Management
Commission (EMC) to set rules to protect wetlands. The case, brought by a
Bermuda=s national bird, the Ber- coalition of developer and business interests, revolved around the definition of
muda petrel or cahow, is already in water. What the Supreme Court let stand was the state=s Court of Appeals==
danger of extinction, with only about ruling that Aabsence of the term >wetland= in the definition of water does not
180 individuals in the population. deprive the EMC of statutory authority to adopt standards for wetlands.@
When Hurricane Fabian hit, many of (Continued, p. 6)
5
the birds= burrows on 4 small nesting
islets were destroyed. The birds
were out to sea, so concerned
Big Fix for Penobscot Salmon citizens have been striving to repair
the burrows before they return. The
The Penobscot is Maine=s largest river, draining about a third of the rebuilding efforts are being led by
entire state. Early in the 19th Century, as many as 70,000 Atlantic salmon swam Jeremy Madeiros of Bermuda’s
up this river each year to spawn. More recently, due primarily to dams and Department of Conservation
industrial pollution, the Penobscot=s annual spawning run has declined to 1,000 Services.
or fewer fishBvirtual extinction. Now, thanks to an unprecedented plan pieced
together by multiple public and private agencies, the Penobscot=s beleaguered For the second summer in a row, the
salmon stand to get a reprieve. The terms of a recently announced agreement poisonous lionfish has been spotted
call for an existing or new nonprofit corporation to lead an effort to generate off the coast of North Carolina.
$25 million in public and private money. NOAA scientists documented 19 in 8
locations along the North Carolina
Two dams on the eastern side of the river are to be torn down so that coast. Juvenile lionfish were also
the river can run more freely. At a third dam, a bypass to give the fish safe found as far away as Long Island and
passage will be built. These measures will open up 500 miles of habitat from Bermuda. The lionfish has estab-
which the fish were previously blocked. Federal and state agencies, environ- lished itself from south Florida to
mental groups, the Penobscot Indian Nation and PPL Corporation, the power Cape Hatteras NC. It is a native
company that owns the dams, all helped fashion the deal. It will help not only species of western Pacific waters and
the salmon but 10 other migratory fish speciesBand a wide assortment of is not typically found in Atlantic
peopleBas well. www.penobscotriver.org waters. The lionfish has few preda-
tors, and the impacts of its introduc-
tion on the Atlantic marine ecosys-
Chesapeake National Park? tem are unknown.

Harbor Branch Oceanographic


The 385 units in the national park system take many forms across a
Institution scientist Marsh
broad spectrum from massive Yellowstone to the Georgetown Waterfront Park
Youngbluth and his submarine pilot
now taking shape on 11 long-misused acres bordering the Potomac in the
Tim Askew, Jr., had the first face to
District of Columbia. A mid-sized new structure that the National Park Service
face encounter with the rare
(NPS) has recently devised is the multi-unit national park wherein a number of
Greenland shark. Youngbluth and
smaller sites are placed under a single umbrella. Private organizations often
Askew were 3,000 feet under the
partner with the NPS to organize, manage, and fund such parks. An example:
surface in the Gulf of Maine, re-
the Golden Gate National Recreation Area in and around San Francisco.
searching a large jellyfish when the
shark appeared and gently rammed
Currently, with encouragement from Senator Paul Sarbanes (D-MD),
their submersible before swimming
the NPS is thinking about how to establish a more prominent presence in the
away. The encounter was captured
64,000 square mile, 6-state Chesapeake Bay watershed. Already the NPS
on video, a rare occurrence. Previ-
directly manages a few properties in the area such as the Yorktown battlefield
ously there was no foottage from a
and Fort McHenry. Also in place is the much praised Chesapeake Bay Gate-
manned sub or in natural conditions.
ways Network, a consortium of 120 museums, historic and recreational sites,
The only footage had been of lured
and other properties open to the public that are in the Bay area. Gateways
or captured sharks.
Network members benefit from NPS financial support (some $6 million in
matching funds since the program=s inception four years ago) and public infor-
mation services. The program is due to expire in 2008.
Restorations

Now under consideration are alternative ways for the NPS to heighten In July the government of the tiny
its profile around the environmentally deteriorating Bay. One is to expand the Netherlands Antilles island of St.
Gateways Network and make it permanent. Among other options: select an area Eustatius (Statia) scuttled the 300-
within the Bay to serve as a model conservation project; provide full protection foot cable laying vessel Charles L.
for a portion of the Bay that is especially well endowed with biological re- Brown to create the Caribbean=s
sources; or establish a National Reserve that would encompass both economic largest artificial reef. Statia, only 8
activity and environmental protection. square miles in size, is already well
known for its diving opportunities
The nonprofit Chesapeake Bay Foundation, reported the Baltimore along high quality reefs in a region
Sun, favors the creation of a fuller-fledged Chesapeake Bay National Park where many are degraded. The new
combining ingredients from several of these options. Gateways Network reef, said Alida Francis of the local
member organizations tend up support this view. Working watermen are tourism office, Awill mark Statia as a
suspicious. Said Russell Dize, a leader of the Maryland Watermens== Associa- premier dive site for travelers, while
tion in a Sun interview: AWe don=t want to give the federal government any more also providing an ideal habitat for
power to control our livelihood.@ www.baygateways.net underwater life.@
6
Reports

One million people in New Jersey


rely on drinking water from some
Fire Proofed Fish
390,000 private wells. A year ago,
thanks to a new law, sellers were Brominated fire retardants (PBDEs), now recognized as toxic chemicals,
required to have such wells tested are widely used in sofa cushions and electronics. Even at low exposure levels
before homes could be sold. After a they can alter sex hormones, reduce male fertility, disrupt ovary development
year of compliance, the state=s and impair cognitive functions such as attention, memory and learning. A study
Department of Environmental by the Environmental Working Group shows that U.S. breast milk was found
Protection reported that triple the to contain 75 times the average levels detected in Europe, where bans on these
number of wells expected flunked fire retardants are in place.
the test because of excessive
volatile organic compounds, high European studies of freshwater fish found that hexabromocyclodo-
acidity, mercury contamination or decane (HBCD), touted as a replacement for (PBDEs), not only bio-accumulates
other health threatening contami- as quickly as PCBs, but are just as toxic. While EPA is moving toward banning
nants. PBDEs, California and Maine have already done so.

The Office of Management and


Budget, part of the White House, Truck Ahoy
recently issued a widely noted report
contending that health and economic
Coast guardsmen patrolling the Straits of Florida were flabbergasted,
benefits of EPA regulations out-
reports Soundings, when they spotted a 1951 Chevrolet flatbed truck advancing
weigh their costs by threefold or
toward them from Cuba on calm seas at a stately 3 to 5 knots. The crew had
more. While skeptics pounced on
mounted the vehicle on a bed of 55-gallon drums, dropped the drive shaft and
this calculation, others including
attached a propeller to it. The contraption worked fine and had gotten the 11
former EPA Administrator William
people aboard almost halfway to Florida when the Coast Guard apprehended it.
K. Reilly urged the current govern-
AWe couldn=t believe it,@ exclaimed one coastie. As they had to, the Coast Guard
ment to heed its message. At the
offloaded the raft=s crew and used a machine gun to scuttle the truck. Later the
University of California, mean-
crew, ingenious but subject to the same rules as any illegal migrant, was re-
time, public policy assistant profes-
turned to Cuba.
sor Margaret Taylor concluded after
6 years of research that even the
anticipation of regulation stimulates
invention far more effectively than Courts, Continued from p. 4
government-sponsored research.
Regulation, she stated, is Athe Since 1964, reported the Hartford Courant, New York state has had on its
mother of invention.@ books a law blocking out of state lobstermen from working the waters around
Fishers Island at the eastern end of Long Island Sound. But when New York first
Products began to enforce this law in 1998, Connecticut lobster harvesters howled and
one of them, Vivian Volovar, brought suit charging a violation of several
clauses in the US Constitution. Connecticut won the first round. New York
AOne neat package,@ enthused Miami
appealed. This year the 2nd Circuit Court upheld the first ruling, although it
Herald reporter Andres Vigluicci
threw out Volovar=s contention that New York regulators owed her damages.
after watching his city=s new 38-foot
anti-pollution boat, Scavenger 2000,
Developers Newdunn Associates argued that 38 acres of Virginia
nimbly vacuum up debris in the
wetlands they were draining were not subject to federal jurisdiction because
trash-laden Miami River. On a trial
they were linked to a stream only by a manmade ditch. Recently, reports Bay
lease from Waste Management
Journal, a federal appeals court overturned a previous ruling in the developers=
Technologies, Scavenger scoops up
favor and affirmed that both federal and state authorities had jurisdiction over
garbage at a rapid rate, filters algae,
the property. Sighs of relief were heard both in Virginia, which has recently
bacteria, and oil sheen out of the
increased its previously lackluster efforts to regulate wetlands, and in other
river water, injects oxygen into it,
states concerned about efforts to weaken wetlands protection programs.
and can even fight fire or clear
shorelines with a powerful water
Maryland=s benchmark Critical Areas Act, which has done much to
cannon. According to a study
protect the Chesapeake Bay shoreline from excessive development, is in jeop-
conducted at Nova Southeastern
ardy as a result of a recent decision from the state=s highest court. It allowed
University, reported Viglucci, Aa
outdoorsman Edwin H. Lewis to keep his cabins on a remote island in
single pass through the vessel=s
Wicomico County, even though he had built them within the sancrosanct 100-
systems can reduce bacteria in water
foot Critical Area buffer zone without state or local permission. Environmental-
by 48%, coliform by a third, and
ists now look to the state legislature to shore up the Critical Areas law, which has
algae counts by half.@
been in effect since 1984, at the upcoming session in January.
7
Perdue AgriRecycle in Seaford, DE
is beginning its third year of collect-
ing raw chicken manure from
Isabel, Continued from p. 1 Delmarva Peninsula chicken farmers
and turning it into organic fertilizer
shellfish, water quality, and underwater grasses came nowhere near that of for use on farms, golf courses, and
Hurricanes Hazel (1954) and Agnes (1972) which had dumped huge amounts of back yard gardens. Brand names
fresh water on the Bay’s tributaries and Hurricane Floyd (1999) which did the include MicroStart60 and
same for Pamlico Sound. Those storms left long term effects. Cockadoodle Doo. Several other
poultry processors are also making
Inlets and Beaches. The storm slammed North Carolina=s Outer Banks organic or synthetic fertilizers from
with 100 mile an hour winds and 20 foot surges. A significant loss of sand plant waste. These products give
uncovered old bridge abutments and abandoned cars and trucks long buried Perdue and its competitors a way to
prompted a major removal project at the Cape Lookout National Seashore. The export excess nutrients out of such
surge created a 1,700 foot tidal inlet, as much as 30 feet deep, north of Hatteras areas as Delmarva, where chicken
Village, where homes had stood. Many favored refilling this “breach” with sand. farms are widely seen as major
The US Army Corps of Engineers was empowered to carry out this task, polluters, and make money as well.
knowing that the 9 knot current through the inlet would remove about a third of
the dredged material. Norfolk, Virginia is accelerating and expanding a beach Funding
restoration project in Ocean View. Virginia Beach will not require immediate
beach replenishment, as much of the displaced sand is washing back naturally. Thanks to $365,000 from the Henry
Widely debated in afflicted areas is whether relocated beach sand belongs to Luce Foundation over three years,
those who lost it or those who received it. the environmental studies program
at Bowdoin College will extend its
Houses and Power. Norfolk lost 17 houses with 105 badly damaged. long-term study of the ecology,
Countless trees fell on houses and cars, and severed power and phone lines. environmental history, and land use
Residents of many flooded waterfront communities, from the Outer Banks to of nearby Merrymeeting Bay. The
Havre de Grace, Maryland, and millions of customers were without electricity for work is expected to improve the
prolonged periods. Even within the District of Columbia, some residents re- relationship between the college and
mained without power for as long as a week. In Maryland the worst damage the surrounding community, and
occurred on the western shore or the Chesapeake Bay particularly along the influence policies regarding the
borders of the largest rivers. Anne Arundel and Baltimore Counties lost 72 and watershed.
300 houses respectively and in both counties hundreds more were badly
damaged. St. Mary=s County in southern Maryland suffered some $80 million in In 2001 the Consortium for
damage, with some small communities, such as 24 Potomac-front houses on Old Oceanographic Research and
Breton Beach, virtually wiped out. Education (CORE) proposed a 10
year Census of Marine Life (COML)
Overall. By early November the storm had counted 33 dead, among to the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.
them two Mennonites whose buggy was washed off a Pennsylvania bridge. Now as the COML secretariat, CORE
Damages will cost property owners, sports and commercial fishermen, states, is coordinating surveys in 45 nations
insurance companies, the federal government, and utility companies and water according to seven categories. The
and sewer authorities, and even the Naval Academy at Annapolis, hundreds of results from this unprecedented
millions of dollars. But with little heavy rainfall and winds remaining within 2 census will be archived in databases
digits in most areas, Isabel turned out to be plenty lethal, though not as wicked a available to scientists worldwide.
storm as many initially feared. Projected cost: $1 billionBderived
primarily from the Sloan Foundation,
governments and international
agencies. www.coml.org
New No Discharge Areas Declared
For those game to restore habitat
Hudson Riverkeeper Alex Matthiessen, along with NY State and benefitting estuaries, federal agen-
EPA officials, announced the approval of a request for a ANo Discharge Zone@ in cies offer a slew of funding opportu-
the Hudson River. In an effort to protect and restore the Hudson, boats will be nities, though untangling such
prohibited from releasing sewage along a 153-mile stretch from the Battery in prospects can be labrynthian for the
New York City to the Troy Dam. layman. Fortunately, Restore
America==s Estuaries has released
The Hudson thus became part of a spreading trend. In previous years the A2003 Funding for Habitat
several such areas had been established. Rhode Island was the first state to Restoration Projects: A Citizen=s
adopt a statewide ban. Newly added this year was New Jersey=s Barnegat Bay. Guide@ which in just 30 pages
And the Rhode Island ban was expanded to include all coastal waters between quickly breaks down programs at
the Massachusetts border and Mystic, CT. In those waters boats cannot legally seven agencies, with many pointers
discharge even sewage that has been thoroughly treated aboard. to detailed information.
www.estuaries.org
Atlantic CoastWatch
Sustainable Development Institute
3121 South St., NW
Washington, D.C. 20007

Tel: (202) 338-1017


Fax: (202) 337-9639
E-mail: susdev@igc.org
URL: www.susdev.org
www.atlanticcoastwatch.org

Tax-deductible contributions supporting Atlantic CoastWatch are urgently needed.

Crackdown on NJ Polluters New Ocean Institute


The Passaic, New Jersey=s second largest river, The nonprofit Blue Ocean Institute was founded
drains about 935 square miles from the Bernardsville in January by conservationists Carl Safina and Mercedes
mountains to Newark Bay. Particularly in its lower portion, Lee. Both formerly worked at the National Audubon
the watershed is contaminated with heavy loads of toxic Society and ran its Living Oceans program. During the
pollutants. It is, said Bradley M. Campbell, commissioner 1990s they brought attention to the link between seafood
of the state=s Department of Environmental Protection, and ocean health. Safina and Lee want to see a cultural shift
Aa prime example of resource degradation at its worst.@ in the ethical value we place on the ocean. The mission of
the organization is to build a wider, more inspired cultural
In a notable application of the Apolluter pays prin- atmosphere for ocean conservation through science, art and
ciple,@ Campbell recently pledged an Aaccelerated effort@ to literature.
achieve compensation for natural resource damages to the
Passaic. A recent directive asks 66 companies to Aidentify One focus area of the Blue Ocean Institute is
natural resource injuries in the lower Passaic watershed and providing information to help people make informed,
determine the extent of the injuries in order to properly practical decisions that will help restore marine life. This will
address needed restoration projects.@ be done through books and quick-check guides highlighting
best seafood choices. Writings and public speaking events
Meeting with representatives of some of these will educate people on how the seas are changing, and what
companies, Campbell put a $950 million price tag on total people can do to solve the problems. The Blue Ocean
natural damages to the Passaic, reported the Star Ledger. Institute will focus on the positive.
During negotiations environmentalists and industrialists
agreed, this figure will doubtless decrease.

NY/NY Baykeeper Andrew Willner, conceding


Sayings, Continued from Page 2
that the directive is bound to come under heavy fire, calls it
Aa promising first step toward meeting the state=s legal state, local and private interests to sustain long-term, viable
obligation to hold polluters responsible for the harm they=ve economic and social stewardship of our coastal resources.
done to the Passaic. @ The companies have 45 calendar days We want our federal government to take a strong role in
to respond to the directive. Failure to comply will lead to preserving our coastline because ultimately the sum of our
firmer actions, warns Campbell. wealth in natural coastal resources is only as valuable as we
allow them to be.

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