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Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017 3

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4 Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017

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yifv,fa&aMumif;ukeo f , G rf rI S Mo*kwf 27 &ufrS 6000? tif'ekd ;D &Sm;Ekid if o H Ydk wefcsed f 2000? tD;,lEidk if rH sm;okYd 4 Korea GSP 11 639,575.810
pufwifbm 2&uftxd tar&duefa':vm 7 'or 453 7285 wef? b*Fvm;a'h&EfS idk if o H Ydk wefcsed f 750 wifycYdk yhJ g
5 Form AK 123 6,910,268.898
oef;wefz;kd &Sd qefjzLeJaY ygif;qef 24214 wefwifycYkd yhJ gw,f/ w,f/ Mo*kwv f wpfvvH;k twGi;f rSm tar&duefa':vm
,ckwpfywfqefwifyrYkd rI sm;rSm awmiftmz&duEdik if o H Ydk 10 'or 18 oef;wefz;kd &Sd qefuJG 49554 wefwifycYkd yhJ g 6 Form AJ 14 879,381.110
{nfrh xqef 1075 wef? ruf'g*gpum;Ekid if o H Ydk {nfrh xqef w,f/ teD;pyfq;kH Zlvidk v f u qefuJG 32117 wefwifycYkd hJ
wefcsed f 2250? tkid Af &Dupdk Ehf idk if o H Ykd {nfrh xwefcsed f 3000? wJt h wGuf Mo*kwv f rSm 17437 wefyrdk w kd ifyEYkd idk cf yhJ gw,f/ 7 Form AI 57 2,991,206.223

*DeED ikd if o H Ydk {nfrh xqef wefcsed f 650? Ekid *f s;D &D;,m;Ekid if o H Ydk Mo*kwv f twGi;f rSm ukeo f , G af &;pcef;rsm;rS qefeYJ
8 Form AANZ 24 181,094.650
{nfrh xqef wefcsed f 150? wd*k Ekd idk if o H Ydk {nfrh xqef wefcsed f qefuw JG ifyrYkd aI vsmuh scahJ omfvnf; yifv,fa&aMumif;rS
2000? ½k&mS ;Ekid if o H Ydk aygif;qef 957 wefeYJ {nfrh xqef qef 79063 wefeJY qefuGJ 17437 wefykdrdkwifydkYEkdifwJh 9 Form DFTP
1025 wef? b*Fvm;a'h&EfS idk if o H Ydk {nfrh xqef 6975 wefeYJ twGuf qefeYJ qefuEJG pS rf sKd ;aygif; wefcsed f 96500 ykrd w kd ifyYkd
Ekid cf ahJ Mumif;od&&dS ygw,f/ ,Of,Ofat; Grand Total 1377 73,147,778.261
aygif;qef 375 wef? oD&v d uFmEkid if o H Ydk {nfrh xqef 875
Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017 5

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6 Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017

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15479 wefukefcs&ef
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MAX CRUSADER SINGAPORE at;&Sm;a0gvfqdyfurf; 9 .9 .2017
XETHA BHUM SINGAPORE pufrI^oDv0gqdyfurf; 9 .9 .2017
SIMA PERFECT

MCC SINGAPORE
SINGAPORE
SHIBA SINGAPORE
SINGAPORE
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Export Commodity Market
Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017 7

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8 Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017

EdkifiHjcm;aiG zvS,fEIef;udk jy|mef;aom tcsufrsm;ESifh ywfoufonfh
oDtkd&Drsm;ESifh aiGaMu;rl0g'
a'gufwmcifarmifñGefY School of Management Mae Fah Luang University, Thailand a&;om;aom
Recent developments in Microstructure approach to exchange rate determination and implications for
monetary policy pmwrf;udk cifarmifndK (abm*aA') bmomjyefqdkonf/ csuaf wGtwdik ;f ta&mif;t0,f jzpfonf/ þae&mwGif ta&mif;
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us,fjyefYjyefY toHk;jyKMuonf/ yxrenf;vrf;rSm 1970 jynfh EIe;f &Siaf rQm aiGzvS,Ef eI ;f pepfatmufwiG f tufqufaps; w&m;awmh r[kwaf y/ ta&mif;t0,f atmf'g tenf;trsm;ESihf
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Yk om
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onf/ þoDtdk&Dt& EdkifiHjcm;aiGzvS,fEIef;onf EdkifiHjcm;aiG aps;uGuf rdkufu½dkyHko@mef enf;vrf;onf rdkufu½dkyHk xdkYtjyif tu,fí atmf'grsm;udk tcsdefESifhwpfajy;nD
vHk;0 ta&mif;t0,fr&dSaom tajctaewGif oufqdkif&m o@mef b@ma&; oabmw&m;rsm;tay: wGif tajccHxm; avhvm od&dSEdkifvQif(wpfenf;tm;jzifh aps;uGufonfydkrdkí
Edik if EH pS Ef ikd if \ H aps;EIe;f tqifh (EdiI ;f ,SOaf ps;EIe;f ) tcsKd ;csjcif;ESihf onf / wd u saocsmaom ta&mif ; t0,f pnf ; rsOf ; pnf ; xifomjrifom &dv S Qi)f vuf&t Sd m;rQ Edik if jH cm;aiG zvS,Ef eI ;f onf
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Policy)u Edi k if t
H oD;oD;wGif aiGaMu;trsKd ;rsKd ;jzifh wefz;kd oifx h m; &v'f[k t"dyÜg,f zGifhqdkonf/ þenf;wGif udef;&Sif ESpfckudk tenf;trsm;udk ydkrdk jrifomxifom vkyfay;jcif;aMumifh &&dSvm
aom umvwdktwdk;EIef;& tufqufrsm;\ arQmfvifhjyef&csuf xnfph Of;pm;onf/ ude;f &Sirf mS (1) Edik if jH cm;aiGaMu; trSmatmf'g aom tusdK;w&m;rsm;\ ta&;ygrIudk ñTefjyonf/
qufpyfrIudk wdkif;wmonf/ tufquf aps;uGuf enf;vrf;jzifh pD;qif;rIESifh (2) qdkaps;-ay;aps; uGmjcm;csufwdkYjzpfNyD; ¤if;wdkYudk Ref : Gereben, Gyomai and Kiss (2005). "The
EdkifiHjcm;aiGudk&Sif;jy&mwGif vuf&dStajccH taetxm;rsm;? t"du vufeuftjzpf toHk;csonf/ Microstructure approach to exchange rates : a survey from
½kww f &uf ay:aygufvmwwfaom tajymif;tvJrsm;omru a central bank's viewpoint", Magyar Nemzeti Bank, the
atmf'gpD;qif;rIonf aiGaMu; t0,fESifhta&mif; zdtm;
Central Bank of Hungary, Budapest.
tem*wfwGif ay:aygufvmEdkifaom tajccH taetxm;rsm; awGukd wdik ;f wmonfeh nf;? oabmwlNy;D t0,fta&mif; yrmP Lyons, Richard (2001). The Microstructure Approach to
vuf&dS umvtwGuf wefzdk;oifhíxnfh aygif;onf/ rxifrSwf udk ñTejf yonf/ tcsed u f mvwpfcw k iG f 0,foal wGu b,favmuf Exchange Rates, MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts,
bJ ay:aygufvmEdkifaom ½kwfw&uf tajymif;tvJrsm;udkyg London, England.
0,fcsifonf/ a&mif;olawGu trSefwu,f b,favmuf
Vitale, Paolo (2006). "A market microstructure analysis of
xnfo h nf/ wpfenf;tm;jzifh orm;½d;k us aiGzvS,Ef eI ;f oDt&kd u D a&mif;csifonfudkñTefjyonf/ vufiif; aps;uGufwGif ta&mif; foreign exchange intervention", European Central Bank,
EdkifiHjcm;aiG zvS,fEIef;onf ESpfEdkifiH\ aiGaMu;yrmP xGuf trSmESifh t0,ftrSm ajyvnfonf/ EdkifiHjcm;aiG avvHypf Germany.
uke?f aiGazmif;yGr?I twd;k EIe;f ESihf arQmv f ifh Edik if jH cm;aiG zvS,Ef eI ;f Rime, Sarno and Sojli (2010). Exchange rate forecasting
onfhaps;uGufwGif aps;uGuf atmf'gudk b,favmufaps;ESifh
order flow and macroeconomic information, Journal of
wdkYuJhodkYaom EdkifiHtqifh tajccHtaetxm;rsm;\ MoZm a&mif;yg? b,favmuf aps;txd ay;0,fyg[laom uefYowf International Economics. Elsevier.
Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017 9

"mwfqD^'DZ,f jynfwGif;aiGvJEIef;rsm; usqif;vm Currency
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BDT Bangladesh Taka 80.61
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vcsKyftaeeJYMunfhr,fqdk&if ZlvdkifvtwGif; "mwfqD? 'DZ,f pkpkaygif; ydwfNyD; aemuf&ufrSmusoGm;w,f/ ydwf&ufrSm aps;usoGm;wJhtwGuf aps; I NR India Rupees 63.87
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aygif;t0ifrSm245769 'or 237 wef&SdcJhwmaMumifh Mo*kwfvrSm 69821 JPY Japan Yen 107.69
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'or 264 wef t0ifavsmhcJhw,fvdkY od&ygw,f/ MYR Malaysia 4.19
aocsmw,f}}[k aps;uGuftwGif; 0,fa&mif;jyKvkyfaeolwpfOD;u ajymMum; PKR Pakistan Rupees 105.42
e,fpyfpcef;rsm;jzpfwJh wmcsDvdwf ukefoG,fa&;pcef;rS tar&duef cJhonf/ PHP Philippines Pesos 50.71
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tar&duefa':vm 2 'or 730 wefz;kd &Sd Re-Export 'DZ,f 4909wefuv kd nf;
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jynfwGif;a&Taps; qufvufjrifUwufaeqJ Source:xe.com

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700 ? atmufwed ;f (92) usyf 710? atmufwed ;f (95) usyf 750? tqifjh rif'h ZD ,f onf ,ckwpfywfwiG v f nf; qufvufjrihw f ufvmcJ&h m tacgufa&Twpfusyf September-2017 (USD/OZ)
usyf 720 eJY ta&mif;t0,fjzpfw,fvdkY od&ygw,f/ jyifyvufvDqdkifrsm;rSm om;vQif usyf 953000 odkY a&muf&SdcJhonf/ Date NY London Zurich
ta&mif;t0,fjzpfaewJh yDygaps;rsm;rSm pufwifbmv 4 &ufrmS 'DZ,f0,faps; urÇmha&Taps; jrihfwufvmrIrsm;aMumifh jynfwGif;a&Taps;rsm;jrihfwuf Date NY London Zurich
usyf 134000? a&mif;aps; usyf 141000 eJY ta&mif;t0,fjzpfcJh&m pufwif 4 1337 1339 1339
vm&jcif;jzpfNyD; jynfwGif;a&Taps;rsm; jrihfwufvmrIaMumihfaps;uGuftwGif; 5 1337 1336 1336
bm 8 &ufrSm 0,faps; usyf 138000? a&mif;aps; usyf144000 eJY ta&mif; ta&mif;t0,frsm;at;vmaMumif; aps;uGuftwGif;rS od&onf/ 6 1341 1340 1340
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8 &ufrmS 0,faps; usyf 153000? a&mif;aps; usyf 155000 eJaY ps;jrift h a&mif; Domestic Gold Price
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a&mif;aps; aps;enf;enf;jrifhvmNyD; "mwfqD0,faps;? a&mif;aps; enf;enf; Date Yangon Mandalay
usvmw,fvdkY od&ygw,f/ 0,faeMuw,f}}[k aps;uGut f wGi;f vIy&f mS ;aeolwpfO;D u ajymMum;cJo
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4-9- 2017 927.00 926.80
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World Metal Price (US$) aomif;ausmaf &mif;&wJt h wGuf aps; aumif; a&mif;0,fvsuf&Sdonf/
enf;enf;jyefwufvmw,f}}[k pawmh r,foDwm
Date Silver/Oz Zinc/Ton Aluminium/Ton Copper/Ton Platinum/Oz
4-September
17.84 3153.70 2102.18 6849.15 1001.00 Energy NYMEX 8-9-2017
5-September 17.84 3178.83 2091.38 6898.52 1006.00 Price Change Change %
WTI Crude Future (USD/bbl.) 49.23 0.14 0.29
6-September 17.88 3101.47 2070.66 6859.29 1006.00
Brent Crude Futr (USD/bbl) 54.74 0.25 0.46
7-September
17.84 3103.89 2081.02 6870.31 1003.00 Gasoline Rbob Fut (Cent/gal) 166.44 0.34 0.20
8-September 18.16 3136.95 2091.60 6898.74 1020.00 Natural Gas Futr (USD/MMBtu) 2.97 -0.01 -0.34
Source:kitco.com Heating Oil Futr (Cent/gal) 179.32 0.71 0.40
10 Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017

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2/ vG,f*s,f 611 .00 406 .00 (+) 205 .00 2/ vG,f*s,f 296 .00 443 .50 (-) 147 .50
3/ csif;a&Ta[mf - - - 3/ csif;a&Ta[mf 193 .25 2335 .10 (-) 2141 .85
4/ uefydkufwD 2301 .50 1584 .50 (+) 717 .00 4/ uefydkufwD 130 .00 150 .00 (-) 20 .00
5/ wmcsDvdwf 3150 .00 6000 .00 (-) 2850 .00 5/ jr0wD 7834 .50 5906 .67 (+) 1927 .83
6/ jr0wD - - - 6/ aumUaomif; 70 .00 70 .00 -
7/ aumhaomif; 2600 .00 4000 .00 (-) 1400 .00 7/ Nrdwf 51 .00 - (+) 51 .00
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pkpkaygif; 8853 .85 12103 .50 (-) 3249 .65 pkpkaygif; 25730 .92 24174 .89 (+) 1556 .03
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Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017 11

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12 Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017

tdE´d,EdkifiHwGif wpfEdkifiHvHk; vTrf;NcHKonfh Good And Services
Tax (GST) pepfopf ajymif;vJusifhoHk; à rif;atmifat;
tdE, d´ Edik if w H iG f vuf&adS umufcaH eonfh azmfjyyg Tax rsm;jzifh pnf;Muyf aumufco
H mG ;rSm Services Tax (IGST) wGif A[dt
k pd;k &ESihf jynfe,f vlom;qHyif? uav;½kyfykHESifh ykHqGJ pmtkyfrsm;?
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rsm;rS ay;aqmif&onfh oG,f0dkufcGeftjzpf Ä Service Tax aygif;pyfxm;ygaMumif;? GST/IGST wGif tcGef wdkYjzpfygw,f/
aumufcHonfh tcGefjzpfonf/ GST atmuf Ä Cesses and surcharges related to supply of EIef;xm;rsm;udk 5 &mcdkifEIef;? 12 &mcdkifEIef;? 18 5 &mcdkifEIef; aumufcHrnfh ukefpnfESifh 0ef
wGif Value Added Tax, Services Tax, Excise goods or services &mcdkifEIef;?28 &mcdkifEIef;[lí av;rsdK;cGJjcm; aqmifrIypönf;rsm;rSm
Duty, Customs Duty ponfwdkU yg0ifygw,f/ Ä Central Excise Duty owfrSwfxm;NyD; owfrSwfEIef;xm;rsm;twdkif; ig;tom;vTmrsm;? toifph m; pm;aomuf
vuf&SdwGifA[dktpdk;&u aumufcHonfh tcGef Ä Excise Duties on medicinal and toilet aumufcrH nfyh pön;f tr,fpm&if;tm; HS Code ukefrsm;? EdkYrIef? at;cJ toD;t&Gufrsm;? aumfzD?
rsm;ESihf jynfe,ftpd;k &u aumufco H nfh tcGef preparations t& Chapter ^Heading tvdkuf tao;pdwf vufzuf? [if;cwf tarT;tBudKifrsm;? aq;0g;
[lí ESpfrsdK;&Sd&m ¤if;wdkYrSm Ä Additional Excise Duties on textiles and azmfjyxm;NyD; r&Sdrjzpfvdktyfonfh ukefypönf; rsm;? toufu,favSrsm;? oD[dkVfaph? ZD0"mwf
(u) Central Government rSaumufcHonfh textile products rsm;tay: GST uif;vGwcf iG jhf yKxm;ygaMumif;/ aiGU? ½ly;D 1000 atmuf wefz;kd &Sd t0wftxnf
tcGefrsm; Ä Additional Excise Duties on goods of special -jynfwiG ;f ü xkwv f yk o f nfu h ek yf pön;f rsm; rsm;? ½lyD;500 atmuf wefzdk;&Sd zdeyfrsm;? o,f
- Income Tax importance tay: ,cifaumufcaH eonfh oG,0f u kd f tcGef ,lyaYkd qmifa&;qdik &f m 0efaqmifrI vkyf ief;rsm;?
- Excise Duty or Central VAT Ä Additional Customs Duties (CVD) 17 rsd K ;ES i f h tjcm;tcG e f a ygif ; 23 rsd K ;wd k Y tao;pm; pm;aomufqikd rf sm;ESit hf xnf tcsKUd
- Service Tax Ä Special Additional Duty of Customs (SAD) tusHK;0ifrnfjzpfygaMumif;/ vkyfief;rsm; ponfwdkYjzpfygw,f/
- Customs Duty atmufyg Tax rsm;rSm GST wGif quf - GST^ IGST pepfwGif oGif;ukef wif 12 &mcdkifEIef; aumufcHrnfh ukefpnfESifh 0ef
- Central Sales Tax vufyg&SdrSm jzpfaMumif;od&Sd&ygw,f/ oGif;onfh tydkif;ü Basic Customs Duty, aqmifrI ypönf;rsm;rSm -
(c) State Government Local Administration - Central Sales Tax Education Duty,Anti-dumping Duty, Safeguard at;cJtom;rsm;? toifhpm; opfoD;
rSaumufcHonfhtcGefrsm; - State VAT Duty uJo h aYkd om tcGet f crsm;udrk l tusKd ; ouf ajcmufrsm;? wd&pämefxGuf tqDESifhtpmoGyf
- Sales Tax - Entry Tax a&mufrI &Sdrnfr[kwfaMumif;? odkYaomf ,cif Al;rsm;? opfoD;azsmf&nfrsm;? oGm;wdkufaq;rIefY?
- Value Added Tax - Purchase Tax aumufcHaeonfh Countervaling Duty (CVD) tyfcsKyfpufrsm;? xD;? zkef;rsm;? rD;zdkacsmifokH;
- Entertainment Tax - Entertainment Tax (not levied by local bodies) ESifh Special Additional Duty (SAD) rsm;uJhodkY ypön;f rsm;? "mwfajrMoZm? xDvyk if ef;? av,mOf
- Road Toll - Luxury Tax tcGeftcrsm;rSm tusHK;0ifoGm;rnf jzpfNyD; vufrSwf a&mif;0,fa&;vkyfief;rsm; ponfwdkY
- Professional Tax - Taxes on advertisements CVD^ SAD tcGef(2) rsdK;tm; IGST tcGefjzifh jzpfygw,f/
- Stamp Duty - State cesses and surcharges tpm;xdk; aumufcHoGm;rnf jzpfyg aMumif;/ 18 &mcdkifEIef; aumufcHrnfh ukefpnfESifh 0ef
- Luxury Tax - Taxes on lotteries, betting and gambling - oGif;ukefwifoGif;rItwGuf tajccH aqmifrI ypönf;rsm;rSm -
- Octroi Duty aumufcHrnfh tcGefEIef;xm;rsm;tm; oGif;ukefcGef (Basic Customs Duty ) ESifhtjcm; Trademarks ? Software ? t&GuE f iS hf jyKvyk f
- Capital Gains Tax xkwfjyefaMunmEdkifa&;twGuf GST Council tcG e f r sm;tm; ,cif E I e f ; xm;rsm;twd k i f ; xm;aomrkefYrsm;? a&oefY? Tissue ponfh vlokH;
- Entry Tax tpnf;ta0;udk jyKvyk í f n§Ed iId ;f cJMh uygaMumif;? qufvuf aumufcHoGm;rnf jzpfygaMumif;/ ukef ypönf;rsm;? tvlrDeD,Hypönf;rsm;? uwåm;
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topfxkwfjyefonfh GST tm; atmuf &mwGif atmufygtcsufrsm; awGU&Sd&ygw,f/ aomufukefrsm;? owif;pmESifh pma&; ud&d,m? rsm;? tavmif;tpm;NydKifyGJ uvyfrsm; ponf
-GST pepfopf\ Integrated Goods and wdkYjzpfygw,f/
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oyfwifjyvdkuf&ygw,f/
Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017 13

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14 Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017

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Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017 15

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16 Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017

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Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017 17

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tpm;taomuf? ukeo f ,G rf rI sm;ESiyhf wfoufí aqG;aEG;cJh MTC(YGN)
18 Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017

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20 Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017

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Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017 21

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22 Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017

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Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017 23

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(1) jrefrmukefoG,frIA[kdXme (Myanmar Trade Center) zkef;-01 254024 zufpf- 01 254023 tD;ar;vf-itpic.moc@gmail.com
(2) Myanmar-EU Trade Help Desk zkef;- 09 430 41 847 tD;ar;vf- mmeu.tradehelpdesk@gmail.com

Sifh wdkif;a'oBuD; toD;oD;&Sd Consumer Information and Complaint Center (CICC)
jynfe,fjyEnf
Sifh ewd,fkiEf;a'oB uD; toD;oD;&Sd Consumer Complaint Center (CCC) rsm;\ Contact Points rsm;
pm;oHk;olowif; jyefMum;a&;ESifh wdkifMum;rI vufcHaqmif&Gufa&;pifwmrsm;\ Contact Points rsm;
(1) &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD; 228^240? 'kwd,xyf? urf;em;vrf;ESifUa&TbkHomvrf;axmifU? Ph: 02-36342,36339 (11) u&ifjynfe,f bm;tHNrdKY/
&efukefNrdKY/ email: mdymapt@gmail.com Fax:058-21666,Ph:058-21041
Fax:01-254023, (6) &ckdifjynfe,f ppfawGNrdKY/ (12) weoFm&Dwkdif;a'oBuD; urf;em;vrf;? qdyfi,f&yfuGuf? NrdwfNrdKY/
Ph:01-250270,254019 Fax:043-23426,Ph:043-23426 Fax:059-41012,Ph:059-41012
email: ygnmapt@gmail.com (7) rauG;wkdif;a'oBuD; tpkd;&&yfuGuf?taemf&xmvrf;?rauG;NrdKY/ (13) ucsifjynfe,f trSwf(199)? NrdKYopf&yfuGuf? jrpfBuD;em;NrdKY/
(2) yJcl;wkdif;a'oBuD;(taemuf) &wemrmefatmifbkef;BuD;ausmif;teD;? jynfNrdKY/ Fax : 063-23199, Fax:074-22459,Ph:074-22459
Fax : 053-28220, Ph : 063-23196,23197 (14) u,m;jynfe,f (8^9)vrf;Mum;? uEÅm&0wDvrf;ESifU
Ph : 053-28032,28020 (8) &Srf;jynfe,f(awmifykdif;) ta&SY NrdKYywfvrf;? a&at;uGif;&yfuGuf? oD&da'gvrf;Mum;? aemif,m;(u)&yfuGuf? vGdKifaumfNrdKY/
(3) yJcl;wkdif;a'oBuD;(ta&SY ) atmifajrom&yfuGuf? ydkvef0if;? yJcl;NrdKY/ trSwf(5)aps;ajrmufbuf? awmifBuD;NrdKY/ Fax:083-2221005,Ph:083-2221005
Ph : 052-2221844, 2221108, 2221036 Ph:081-2121615, Fax:081-2121627, email : docakayah@gmail.com
(4) {&m0wDwkdif;a'oBuD; ykodrfNrdKY/ email:dtptaunggyi@gmail.com (15) rGefjynfe,f trSwf(7)? atmufvrf;rBuD;? bdkukef;&yf? armfvNrdKifNrdKY/
Fax : 042-21811, (9) &Srf;jynfe,f(ta&SY ykdif;) &yfuGuf(1)? aemifa&;? usdKif;wkHNrdKY/ Fax:057-2024809, Ph:057-2024318
Ph: 042-24520,24522
Fax:084-21034,Ph:084-21034 (16) ppfukdif;wkdif;a'oBuD; ompnfvrf;? a'geNcH&yf? rD;&xm;oHvrf;ESifU
email: yiyinaingwin@gmail.com
(10) &Srf;jynfe,f(ajrmufykdif;) trSwf(9)? av,mOfuGif;vrf;? AkdvfcsKyfaMu;½kyfMum;? rkH&GmNrdKY/
(5) rEÅav;wkdif;a'oBuD; rEÅav;NrdKY/
xy&wyf&if;(626)ESifU rsufESmcsif;qkdif? vm;&Id;NrdKY/ Fax : 071-23630,
Fax : 02-36340, Ph:071-23630,22924
Fax:082-23493,Ph:082-23039
24 Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017

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Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017 25

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26 Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017

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twGufudkvnf; xl;azmifa';&Sif;rS First National Insurance vkyfief;rS xm;olrsm; wufa&mufcJhaMumif;
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Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017 27

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28 Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017

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oH;k &ef oif^h roifh aMunmxm;aom &&Sdygonf/ qd k ; aq;rsm;taMumif ; ud k vnf ;
aq;0g;? w&m;r0if vdkifpifrJh ouf
wrf;ukef aq;0g;rsm; a&mif;csaejcif;
xdkYtjyif NrdwfNrdKU Nrdwfawmif
aus;&Gmtkypf k okc(3)vrf;? t-x-u
aumif;? vHkNcHK pdwfcs&rIr&Sdaom pm;
oHk;&ef? oHk;pGJ&ef roifh wm;jrpfxm;
todynmay; aqG;aEG;yGJtcrf;tem;usif;y
zsmykHNrdKUe,f taxGaxG tkyf
csKyf a &; OD ; pD ; Xme tpnf ; ta0;
weoFm&Dwdkif;a'oBuD; pm;okH;oltjiif;yGm;rIajz&Sif;a&;tzGJY ESifU cef;rwGif zsmykHc½dkiftrsdK;om;rSwfykH
vkyfief;aumfrwD ESpf&yfwdkh\ (5^2017)vkyfief; n§dEdIif;tpnf;ta0;usif;y wifESifh EdkifiHom;OD;pD;XmeESifh ukv
or*¾ vlO;D a& &efyaHk iGtzGUJ ( UNFPA)
weoFm&Dwdkif;a'oBuD;? pm;okH;ol tjiif;yGm;rI wdyYk ;l aygif;í oef;acgifpm&if; tcsuf
ajz&Sif;a&;tzGJUESifh vkyfief;aumfrwD ESpf&yfwdkY\(5^ tvufrsm;qdkif&m todynmay;
2017) vkyfief;n§dEdIif; tpnf;ta0;udk Mo*kwfv 25 aqG;aEG;yGJ tcrf;tem;udk pufwif
&ufu weoFm&D wdik ;f a'oBu;D ? pm;ok;H ola&;&m OD;pD;Xme bm 4 &ufESifh 5 &ufwdkYwGif usif;ycJh rsm;? tdrftaMumif;t&mESifh tdrf
tpnf;ta0; cef;rwGiu f si;f y&m weoFm&Dwikd ;f a'oBu;D aMumif; od&onf/ tokH;aqmifypönf;rsm; taMumif;
pm;okH;ol tjiif;yGm;rI ajz&Sif;a&;tzGJU Ouú| pDrHudef;ESifh tqdkyg tcrf;tem;wGif zsmykH t&mwdkYudk &Sif;vif;jcif;jzifh vnf;
b@ma&;0efBuD; OD;NzdK;0if;xGef;?twGif;a&;rSL; wdkif; c½dkif trsdK;om; rSwfykHwifESifh EdkifiH aumif;? &wemajr vlrIzGHUNzdK;a&;
a'oBu;D OD;pD;rSL; OD;0if;xGe;f ESihf wdik ;f pm;ok;H ol tjiif;yGm;rI om; OD;pD;XmerS 'kwd, c½dkif OD;pD;rSL; toif;rS pDru H ed ;f t&m&Su d yxraeY?
ajz&Si;f a&;tzGUJ 0if wdik ;f tqihf Xmeqdik &f m rsm;rS wm0ef&dS u oef;acgifpm&if; aemufct H aMumif; 'kwd,aeY oifcef;pmrsm;ESifh pD;yGm;
olrsm;? pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&Sif udk,fpm;vS,f? pm;okH;ol t&mESifh oef;acgifpm&if;qdkif&m a&;qdik &f mrsm; &Si;f vif;jcif; jyefvnf
udk,fpm;vS,fESifh toif;tzGJUrS zdwfMum;xm;olrsm; tcsuftvufrsm;? udk;uG,fonfh aqG;aEG;jcif;wdu Yk vkd nf;aumif; tod
wufa&mufcJhygonf/ bmomqdkif&mESifh ynma&;qdkif&m ynmay; aqG;aEG;cJhMuygonf/
wdkif;a'oBuD; pm;okH;oltjiif;yGm;rI ajz&Sif;a&; ajz&Sif;a&;tzGJU twGif;a&;rSL; wdkif;a'oBuD; OD;pD;rSL; tcsuftvufrsm;? udkifaqmifonfh xdk tcrf;tem;odYk Xmeqdik &f m
tzGJUOuú| OD;NzdK;0if;xGef;u tEÅ&m,fuif;onhf tpm; OD;0if;xGef;u pm;okH;oltumtuG,f ay;a&;qdkif&m vuf r S w f trsd K ;tpm; taMumif ; 0ef x rf ; rsm;? pd w f y g0if p m;ol r sm;
taomufrsm;? tok;H taqmifrsm; ab;xGuq f ;kd usKd ;uif; vkyfief;rsm;ESifh ñTefMum;csufrsm;udk &Sif;vif;wifjyí t&m &Sif;vif;jcif;ESifh jyefvnf okH; vlrItzGJUtpnf;rsm; pkpkaygif; 60 OD;
&Sif;NyD; pHcsdefpHñTef;ESifh udkufnDonhf ukefypönf;rsm;tm; pwkw¬tBudrfajrmuf wdkif;pm;okH;ol tjiif;yGm;rI ajz&Sif; oyfjcif;wdkYudk vnf;aumif;? jynfolY wufa&mufNyD; {&m0wDwdkif;a'o
xkwfvkyfjzeYfjzL;Edkif&ef ta&;BuD;aMumif;? pm;okH;olrsm; a&;tzGJU\ tpnf;ta0; qkH;jzwfcsufrsm;tay: aqmif tiftm; OD;pD;XmerS OD;pD;t&m&Sdu BuD; twGif;&Sd NrdKUe,f26 NrdKUe,ftm;
taejzihf ukepf nfEiS hf 0efaqmifrrI sm;aMumifh qk;H ½H;I epfem &GufNyD;pD;rI? yÍörtBudrfajrmuf tpnf;ta0;wGif aqG; roefprG ;f taMumif;t&mESihf arG;zGm; pufwifbmvtwGi;f todynmay;
rIrsm;tay: wdik Mf um;&mwGif wdik ;f tjiif;yGm;rI ajz&Si;f a&; aEG;onhftcsufrsm;ESifh qkH;jzwf&ef tcsufrsm;udk &Sif; jcif ; ? aoqk H ; jcif ; taMumif ; t&m aqG;aEG;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; owif;
tzGUJ u pDrcH efcY rJG I enf;vrf;t& ta&;,l aqmif&u G o f mG ; vif;wifjycJhaMumif; owif;&&Sdygonf/
rsm;? vlOD;a&qdkif&m tcsuftvuf &&Sdygonf/ rif;aZmfrGef (zsmyHk)
rnfjzpfaMumif;? wdkif;a'oBuD; pm;okH;ol tjiif;yGm;rI a&T0,fom;
Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017 29

ajrmif;jrNrdKYe,f odv’m t-x-u ausmif; rkehfaps;wef; ppfukdif;NrdKYe,f
pm;okH;ola&;&mtzGJYtm; pm;okH;oltodynmay;oifwef; zGifUvSpfydkhcs tajccHynmausmif;rsm;wGif
ajrmif;jrc½dkif pm;okH;ola&;&m
OD ; pD ; Xmeu ajrmif ; jrNrd K U? od v ’ m
tumtuG,fay;a&; udpö&yfrsm;udk
yl;aygif;aqmif&u G Ef ikd &f ef ausmif;rkeYf
tuG,fay;a&;qdkif&m udpö&yfrsm;?
Oya'? enf;Oya'rsm;? CICC zGiv hf pS f
onf/
ajrmif;jrc½dik f pm;ok;H ola&;&m
pm;oHk;ol tumtuG,fay;a&;
tajccHynm txufwef;ausmif;rS
ausmif;rkeaYf ps;wef; pm;ok;H ola&;&m
aps;wef; pm;okH;ola&;&mtzGJU? aps;
pm;okH;ola&;&mtzGJUESifh &yfuGuf
xm;&SdrI tajctaersm;ESifh ausmif;
rkeaYf ps;wef; pm;ok;H ola&;&mtzGUJ rsm;
OD;pD;Xmetaejzihf ausmif;rkefY aps;
wef; pm;okH;ola&;&m tzGJU? q&m?
todynmay;
tzGUJ ? q&m? q&mrrsm;tm; pm;ok;H ol
tumtuG,af y;a&; todynmay;
pm;okH;ola&;&mtzGJUrsm;? uGef&uf
ozG,fzGJUpnf;NyD; aqmif&GufaerI?
vd k u f e maqmif & G u f & rnf h tcsuf
rsm;udk tus,fw0ifh &Sif;vif;ajym
q&mrrsm;udk pm;okH;oltodynm
ay; oifwef; (6) Burd ?f q&m? q&mr
a[majymyGJusif;y
oifwef;udk pufwifbmv 7 &ufu pm;okH;ol owif;jyefM um;a&;ES i f h Mum;cJhygonf/ qufvufí c½dkif 264 OD;tm; oifwef;ydkYcscJhNyD; ,ck ppfukdif;c½dkif? pm;oHk;ola&;&m
zGihfvSpfydkYcscJhygonf/ wd k i f M um;rI vuf c H a qmif & G u f a &; OD;pD;rSL; OD;wdk;vGifu (1^2017)yg uJhodkY aus;&Gmrsm;&Sd ausmif;rsm;odkY OD;pD;XmerS wm0ef&Sdolrsm;ESifh jyef
oifwef; zGihfvSpf&jcif;\ &nf pif w m zG i h f v S p f a qmif & G u f a erI ? wm;jrpf uk e f p nf p m&if ; rsm;ud k oGm;a&mufNyD; oifwef;rsm; quf Mum;a&;ESifh jynfolYqufqHa&;OD;pD;
&G,cf su?f pm;ok;H ol tumtuG,af y; Market Surveillance aqmif&Gufae ausmif;tkyfBuD;xHodkY ay;tyfcJhyg vufycYkd say;rnfjzpfaMumif;? tqdyk g XmerS wm0ef&Sdolrsm; yl;aygif;í
a&; Oya'taMumif; odaumif;p&m rIwu Ykd v kd nf;aumif; aqG;aEG; ydcYk scyhJ g onf/ ¤if;aemuf ausmif;rkeaYf ps;wef; oif w ef ; od k Y ywf 0 ef ; usif a us;&G m pufwifbm 6 &ufu ppfukdif;NrdKU
rsm;? c½d k i f p m;ok H ; ol tjiif ; yG m ;rI onf/ odYk uGi;f qif;Munh½f NI y;D Xme\ ausmif; rsm;&Sd ausmif;26 ausmif;rS q&m? e,f? awmifMum;aus;&Gm&Sd awmifMum;
ajz&Sif;a&;tzGJU aqmif&GufaerIrsm;? tqd k y g oif w ef ; wG i f c½d k i f rkefY aps;wef;rsm;odkY uGif;qif;pdppf q&mrrsm;? ausmif ; rk e f Y a ps;wef ; t.v.u(cGJ) ESifh tif;paus;&Gm&Sd
tzGJU\ BuD;MuyfrIjzihf pm;okH;ol OD ; pD ; rS L ; OD ; wd k ; vG i f ? 'k w d , c½d k i f ynmay;aqmif & G u f a erI r sm;ud k qdkif&Sifrsm;? &yfrd&yfzrsm;? pkpkaygif; tif;p t.v.u(cG)J ausmif;wdw Yk iG f
OD;pD;rSL; OD;aZmfrif;ESifh 'kwd,OD;pD;rSL; oifwef;om;q&m? q&mrrsm;tm; 37 OD; wufa&mufcJhMuaMumif; od& pm;oH;k oltumtuG,af y;a&; tod
,if;rmyifc½dkif OD;vSxG#fOD;wdkYu pm;okH;ol tum vufawGUjyo &Sif;vif;aqG;aEG; cJhyg onf/ wdk;vGif(ajrmif;jr) ynmay; aqG;aEG;a[majymcJyh gonf/
a[majymyGJwGif ppfukdif;c½dkif?
,if;rmyifNrdKY? ykvJNrdKY?
qm;vif;BuD;NrdKYESifU jynfc½dkifpm;oHk;oltjiif;yGm;rI ajz&Sif;a&;tzGJY\ (5^2017) pm;oHk;ola&;&mOD;pD;XmerS 'kwd,
OD;pD;rSL; a':auoDatmifu pm;oHk;
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ueDNrdKYwdkhwGif pm;oHk;ol vkyfief;nd§EIdif; tpnf;ta0;usif;y taMumif;? tEÅ&m,f&Sdpm;aomuf
tumtuG,fay;a&; ukefrsm;taMumif;wdkYukd a[majym
jynfc½dkifpm;oHk;ol tjiif;yGm;rIajz&Sif;a&;tzGJU\ jynfNrKd Uay:&Sd aomufa&oefx Y wk v f yk af om a&oefY puf½kH aqG;aEG;cJhNyD; ppfukdif;c½dkif? pm;oHk;
qdkif&m a[majymyGJrsm; (5^2017) vkyfief;nd§EIdif;tpnf;ta0;ukd Mo*kwf 25 rsm;ukd NyD;cJhonfhrwfvtwGif; rdrdwdkY tjiif;yGm;rIajz&Sif; ola&;&mOD;pD;XmerS pm&if;ukdif-3
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tpnf;ta0;cef;rü usi;f ycJ&h m c½dik t f jiif;yGm;rI ajz&Si;f awGU&Sdcsuft& vkdtyfcsufrsm; jynfhpHkrI&Sda&;twGuf oHk;jcif;\ tEÅ&m,frsm;ESifh jzpfay:
,if;rmyifc½dkif pm;oHk;ola&; a&;tzGJUOuú|ESifht zGJU0if r sm;? c½d k i f p m;oH k ; ol a&;&m arvtwGif;wGif a&oefYvkyfief;&Sif tm;vHk;ukd ac:,l
&mOD;pD;Xme OD;pD;rSL; OD;azoef;0if;ESihf wwfaoma&m*grsm; taMumif;wdu Yk dk
OD;pD;Xme rS 0efxrf;rsm;tygt0if pkkpkaygif; 18 OD; wuf awGUqHk ndE§ idI ;f rIrsm; aqmif&u G cf ahJ omfvnf; ,cktcsed x f d
rdwzf uftzGUJ tpnf;toD;oD;rS wm0ef &Si;f vif;a[majymaqG;aEG;cJyh gonf/
a&mufcJhygonf/ vkdtyfcsufrsm; jynfhpHkrI r&Sdao;aMumif;? jynfNrdKUay:&Sd
&Sdolrsm;yl;aygif;í pufwifbm 4 xdkYaemuf ppfukdif;NrdKU e,f? jyefMum;
tpnf;ta0;wGif c½dik t f jiif;yGm;rIajz&Si;f a&; tzGUJ pm;aomufukefxkwfvkyfa&mif;csaom vkyfief;&Sifrsm;
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ab;tEÅ&m,fuif;&Sif;NyD; tmrcHcsuf&Sdaom tpm; aMumif;? ,if;vkyfief;&Sifrsm;teuf t"duvufum;
ausmif;ol avhvma&;oifwef;ü taomuf? ukefpnfrsm;ukd a&G;cs,f0,f,lpm;oHk;wwf jzefYjzL;a&mif;csaeonfh vkyfief;&Sifrsm;tm; ac:,lum vli,frsm;A[kow k zGUH NzKd ;wd;k wufap
vnf;aumif;? pufwifbm 5 &uf ap&ef? pm;oHk;ol tumtuG,fay;a&;qdkif&m tod pm;oH;k oltumtuG,af y;a&;qkid &f m Oya'wGiyf g&So d nfh &eftwGuf pmzwf&efvt kd yfaMumif;
wGif ykvJNrdKUe,f? acwfvIdif; abmf'g &Si;f vif;aqG;aEG;cJNh y;D ? ppfuidk ;f NrKd Ue,f
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aqmifrS ausmif;olrsm;? q&m? q&m pm;oHk;ola&;&mOD;pD;XmerS NrdKUe,f
&Guzf vYkd adk Mumif;? pm;oH;k olrsm; todynmrsm; wd;k yGm;rSom wm0efrsm;ESifh wm;jrpfcsufrsm;ukd todynmay; a[m
rsm;tm;vnf;aumif;? pufwifbm wm0efcH OD;cifarmif0if;u qDESifh
vkyfief;&Sifrsm;uvnf; ab;uif;vHkNcHKrIr&Sdonfh tpm; ajymaqG;aEG;rIrsm; jyKvkyfEkdifa&;aqmif&GufoGm;&rnf
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tke;f yifqyd f aus;&Gm t.r.u ausmif;
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ausmif;ol 501 OD; pkpkaygif; 588 OD;
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ta&;ES i f h wm0ef r sm;? pD ; yG m ;a&; yGm;rIajz&Sif;a&;tzGJU? pm;okH;olwdkif OD;pD;XmerS jynfe,fOD;pD;rSL; OD;wifh ay;jcif;? odrf;qnf;jcif; ta&;,l
vkyfief;&Sifrsm;\ tcGifhta&;ESifh Mum;rIvufcHaqmif&Gufa&;vkyfief; qef;u (6^2017) tpnf;ta0; jcif; jyKvkyfoGm;&ef? jynfe,ftwGif; toD;tESHrsm;udkom pm;okH;&efESifh
wm0efrsm;? pm;oHk;ol tjiif;yGm;rI aumfrwDEiS hf xkwu f ek vf NHk cKH pw
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ay;aerIrsm;ukd tus,fw0ifh &Sif; udk u&ifjynfe,fpm;okH;ola&;&mOD; od&ygw,f/ bmvtwGif; owif;pm&Sif;vif;yGJ aqG;aEG;ay;&ef? ukvm;yJ (yJ0gjcrf;)
vif;a[majymaqG;aEG;cJhMuonf/ pD;Xme? jynfe,fOD;pD;rSL;½kH; tpnf; tqdyk g tpnf;ta0;wGif pm; jyKvkyfoGm;&ef? bm;tHwGif a&oefY wpfrsdK;wnf;om pm;okH;jcif;xuf
a[majymyGJtoD;oD;okdY q&m? vkyfief;rsm; cGifhjyKcsuf&NyD;jzpfaomf
ta0;cef;rü Mo*kwf 31 &uf u ok;H ol tumtuG,f ay;a&;vkyif ef; yJpif;ikHudkvnf; pm;okH;&ef? yJudk ydkrdk
q&mrrsm;? ausmif;om;? ausmif;ol
usif;y cJhygw,f/ rsm; vsmxm;csuf jynfrh aD usmv f eG pf mG vnf; jr0wD? Zmojyif? vIdif;bGJUrS pm;ok;H Mua&; wdu k w
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¤if ; tpnf ; ta0;wG i f tzG J Y aqmif&u f mG ;&ef?Market Survillance
G o a&oef Y v k y f i ef ; rsm;tm; ppf a q; Mu&ef ponfhtcsufrsm; qkH;jzwfcJh
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owif;&&Sdygonf/ cdkifrdkYrdkY(jrif;rl) cJNh y;D pm;ok;H oltjiif;yGm;rI ajz&Si;f a&; rI e f Y ? at;cJ t om;rsm;tm; apmif h ajymyGJrsm;wGif a'oxGuf Muuf? ig;? cifMunf(u&ifjynfe,f)
30 Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017

xdkif;EdkifiHESih f blwefEdkifiHwdkh 0efaqmifrIvkyfief;rsm;tm; yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufa&; aqG;aEG;rnf
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ESpfEdkifiHtMum;wGif tjyeftvSef zvS,f wnf&Sdum w½kwf? tdE´d,wdkYESifh e,fedrdwfcsif; &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHolrsm;twGuf vkyfief;rsm;wdk;csJU tjzpf jynfyaps;uGufrsm;odkY xdk;azmufvdk
&,lEdkifaom tcGifhtvrf;aumif;rsm;&SdNyD; xdpyfvsuf&SdaMumif;? vlOD;a& 7 'or 7 odef; aqmif&GufEdkif&ef tcGifhtvrf;aumif;rsm;pGm aMumif;? xdkif;EdkifiHtaejzifh blwefEdkifiH\ c&D;
wefz;kd jri§ w hf ifa&;twGuv f nf; yl;aygif;aqmif &SdNyD; EdkifiHtus,ft0ef; 38394 pwk&ef; uDvdk &SdaeaMumif;? txl;ojzifh aqmufvkyfa&;0ef oGm;vma&;vkyfief;wdk;jr§ifhatmif taxmuf
&GufEdkifrnfjzpfaMumif;? xdkif;EdkifiHwGif c&D;oGm; rDwm&Sdí opfawmzkH;vTrf;rI{&d,m 71 &mcdkif aqmifrIvkyfief;? [dkw,fESifh c&D;oGm;vma&; tulay;EdkifaMumif; ajymMum;oGm;ygonf/
vma&;vkyif ef; uRr;f usio f rl sm;&SNd y;D blwefEikd if H EIef;&SdaMumif;? urÇmhbPf\ rSwfwrf;rsm; t& vkyfief;ESifh qufpyfvkyfief;rsm;wdkYwGif wdk;csJU Source: Bangkok Post
wGif c&D;oGm;vma&;vkyif ef;twGuf qGaJ qmif blweftpd;k &onf a&tm;vQypf pfxw k v
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pDpOfvsuf&SdaMumif; ajymMum; Gm;yg onfh awmifolv,form;rsm;tm; ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;Xme\
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pm;okH;ola&;&mOD;pD;Xme ñTefMum;a&;rSL;csKyf OD;vSarmfOD;u trsdK; ,ckaqmif&GufrIonf xdkif; rsm; od&edS m;vnfa&;twGuf pdu k yf sKd ; Source: Bangkok Post
om; pm;okH;ola&;&m tumtuG,fay;a&; pDrHudef;a&;qGJEdkifa&;twGuf EdkifiHESifh tmqD,Ha'owGif; EdkifiH a&;0efBuD;XmeESifh aygif;pyfaqmif aomif;Ekdif(wmcsDvdwf)
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b*Fvm;a'h&SfEdkifiH? pm;eyf&du©m 0efBuD;Xme 0efBuD; H.E. Mr. Advocate MD. Qamrual Islam u ajymMum;&m
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cJhaMumif; owif;&&Sdygonf/ NCPP owif;&&Sdonf/ MOC(IR)
Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017 31

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f myg vufatmuf&Sd Xmersm;rS ,Grf 50000 'PfwyfEdkifonf/ jypfrI
(53) Edik if aH wmftaejzifh oGi;f ukeyf u Ykd ek f aiGpak iGacs;pepf? ydu
Yk ek f
u(odkYr[kwf) tEÅ&m,fjyKvmygu? ydwfyifwm;qD;rIjzpfay: BuD;av;ygu w&m;0ifjypfrIcsrSwfonfhaeYrSpí (3)ESpftwGif;
tmrcHpepf? ydu Yk ek t
f cGeaf vQmch sa&;pepfEiS hf tjcm;aom vkyx f ;kH
vmygu? EdkifiHawmfrS xdkwifoGif;onfh 0efaqmifrItwGuf EdkifiHydkifukrÜPDrSom wifoGif;wifydkYcGifh&Sdaom ukefypönf;rsm;
vkyfenf;rsm;jzifh EdkifiHjcm;ukefoG,frIvkyfief;udk wdk;wufap&ef
vdktyfovdk u,fq,frIvkyfief;rsm;? uefYowfrIvkyfief;rsm; wifoGif;wifydkY&ef Oya'csdK;azmufolbufrS avQmufxm;vm
vkyfudkif&rnf jzpfonf/
jyKvkyfEdkifonf/ jcif;udk vHk;0cGifhjyKrnfr[kwf (odkYr[kwf) ¤if;twGuf csay;xm;
(54) EdkifiHawmftaejzifh EdkifiHjcm;ukefoG,frIowif;tcsuf aom EdkifiHydkifukrÜPDrSom wifoGif;wifydkYcGifh&Sdonfh ukefypönf;
(47) w½kwjf ynfoUl or®wEdik if rH S yg0ifcsKyq f x kd m;onfh y#dnmOf rsm; wifoGif;wifydkYcGifhjyKrdefYrsm;udk jyefvnf½kyfodrf;oGm;rnf
tvuf0efaqmifrIay;a&; vkyfief;pifwmudk wnfaxmifum
pmcsKy?f tzGUJ 0iftjzpfyg0ifaom ukeo f , G rf pI mcsKy?f oabmwlnD jzpfonf/
EdkifiHjcm;ukefoG,frIvkyfief; vkyfudkifaeonfh vkyfief;&Sifrsm;ESifh
csufyg &ydkifcGifhrsm;udk tjcm;tzGJU0iftjzpf yg0ifonfhEdkifiH?
trsm;jynfoludk owif;tcsuftvufrsm; jzefYa0ay;oGm;&ef
a'orsm;rS cHpm;cGifhrjyKaomf w½kwfjynfolUor®wEdkifiHrS (61) wifoiG ;f wifyrYkd yI w d yf ifxm;aom ukeyf pön;f rsm;wifoiG ;f
wm0ef&Sdonf/
xdky#dnmOfpmcsKyf? oabmwlpmcsKyfyg &ydkifcGifhrsm;r&&SdvQif wifydkYjcif;? rdrdoabmjzifh uefYowfukefypönf;rsm; wifoGif;
(odkYr[kwf) &ydkifcGifhrsm;udk xdyg;vmvQif? xdky#dnmOfpmcsKyf? wifydkYjcif;rsm;udk taumufcGefXmerS Oya'? pnf;rsOf;pnf;urf;
(55) EdkifiHawmftaejzifh EdkifiHjcm;ukefoG,frI vkyfief;vkyfudkif
oabmwlpmcsKyf taumiftxnfazmfa&; vrf;aMumif;wGif rsm;ESifhtnD ta&;,l'PfwyfEdkifovdk &mZ0wfrIusL;vGefygu
aeaomvkyif ef;&Sirf sm;udk Edik if wH umaps;uGuf csUJ xGijf cif;? jynfy
umqD;rIjyKvQif w½kwjf ynfoUl or®wEdik if t H pd;k &taejzifh xdEk ikd if ?H w&m;Oya'ESit hf nD w&m;pGq J Ekd ikd o
f nf/ wifoiG ;f wifyrYkd I ydwyf if
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIjyKvkyfjcif;? jynfypDrHudef;rsm;wGif uefx½dkuf,l
a'owGif;tpdk;&udk vkdtyfonhf zmax;rIrsm;jyKvkyfay;&ef xm;aom enf;ynmrsm;wifoGif;wifydkYjcif;? rdrdoabmjzifh
vkyfudkifjcif;? EdkifiHjcm;odkY vkyfom;rsm;wifydkYjcif; ponfh u@
awmif;qdck iG &fh o
dS nf/ xdt
Yk wl oufqikd &f my#dnmOfpmcsKy?f oabm uefYowfenf;ynmrsm; wifoGif;wifydkYjcif;rsm;udk Oya'? pnf;
aygif;pHkwGif wdk;wuf&ef BudK;pm;vrf;ñTefyHhydk;ay;oGm;&rnf/
wlpmcsKyfyg wm0efrsm;udk xrf;aqmifrIacwå&yfwefYjcif;? vHk;0 rsO;f pnf;urf;rsm;ESit hf nD ta&;,l'PfwyfEikd o f vdk Oya'pnf;
rjyKvkyfawmhjcif;wdkY jyKvkyfcGifh&Sdonf/ rsOf;pnf;urf;rS ydwfyifxm;aom enf;ynmrsm;twGufvnf;
(56) Edik if jH cm;ukeo f , G rf v
I yk if ef;vkyaf eaom vkyif ef;&Sit
f ae
jzifh Oya'ESit hf nD zGUJ pnf;xm;aom toif;tzGUJ rsm;wGif tzGUJ 0if EdkifiHawmfaumifpD EdkifiHjcm;ukefoG,frIOD;pD;XmerS uefYowf&uf
(48) EdkifiHawmfaumifpD? EdkifiHjcm;ukefoG,frIOD;pD;XmerS þ tydkif;tjcm;twGif; jyKjyif&eftrdefYcsjcif;? w&m;r0if &&Sdxm;
tjzpf yg0ifvyk u f ikd Ef ikd o
f nf/ w&m;0iftoif;tzGUJ rsm;taejzifh
Oya'? tjcm;Oya'rsm;ESit hf nD Edik if jH cm;ukeo
f ,
G rf w
I iG f ESpEf ikd if H aom tusdK;tjrwfrsm;udkodrf;jcif;? w&m;r0if &&Sdxm;aom
Oya' pnf;rsOf;rsm;udk vdkufem&rnfjzpfovdk toif;tzGJU
(odrYk [kw)f Edik if t
H rsm;ESihf twlwuG n§Ed iId ;f jcif;? aqG;aEG; tajz tusd K ;tjrwf \ wpf q (od k Y r [k w f ) ig;qud k 'Pf a iG t jzpf
pnf;rsO;f ESit hf nD tzGUJ 0ifrsm;twGuf Edik if jH cm; ukeo f ,
G rf I xkwf
&Smjcif;? tjiif;yGm;rIudk ajz&Sif;jcif;jyKvkyfEdkifonf/ ay;aqmif&ef csrw S jf cif;rsm; jyKvyk Ef ikd o
f nf/ tu,fí w&m;r0if
vkyv f yk if ef;? a&mif;csa&;vkyif ef;? owif;tcsut f vufvyk if ef;?
oifwef;ydkYcsa&;vkyfief; ponfhu@rsm;wGif 0efaqmifrIrsm; tusdK;tjrwfr&Sdaomf (odkYr[kwf) xdktusdK;tjrwfonf ,Grf
(49) EdkifiHawmfaumifpD? EdkifiHjcm;ukefoG,frIOD;pD;XmeESifh EdkifiH (wpfaomif;) r&SdcJhaomf ,GrfaiG(wpfaomif;) rS (ig;aomif;)udk
ay;oGm;&rnf/ xdt Yk wl n§Ed idI ;f ay;ol? Bu;D Muyfay;ol tjzpfvnf;
awmfaumifpDwGif;&Sd tjcm;Xmersm;rS oGif;ukefydkYukeftwGuf 'PfaiGtjzpf ay;aqmif&ef csrSwfEdkifonf/ &mZ0wfrI usL;vGef
aumif;? EdkifiHjcm;ukefoG,frIvkyfief; u,fq,frIjyK&ef avQmuf
vnf;aumif;? enf;ynmwifoGif;wifydkYrItwGufvnf;aumif;? ygu w&m;Oya'ESifhtnD w&m;pGJqdkEdkifonf/
xm;oltjzpfvnf;aumif;? tzGJU0ifESifh u@wGif; &ydkifcGifhrsm;
EdkifiHwumukefoG,fa&;0efaqmifrI wifoGif;wifydkYrItwGuf þtxufygpnf;rsOf;rsm;t& w&m;0ifjypfrIcsrSwfonfh
udk tumtuG,fay;oltjzpfvnf;aumif;? tpdk;&oufqdkif&m
vnf;aumif; owday;pepf? ta&;ay:tajctaepepf? Edik if jH cm; aeU (odkYr[kwf) w&m;0ifjypf'PfcsrSwfonfhaeYrSpí EdkifiHawmf
Xmeudk EdkifiHjcm;ukefoG,frIvkyfief;twGuf tBuHjyKwifjyol
ukefoG,fa&; tjiif;yGm;rIESifh yHkrSefr[kwfaom tajctaersm; aumifpD? EdkifiHjcm;ukefoG,frIOD;pD;Xme (odkYr[kwf)EdkifiHawmf
tjzpf vnf;aumif;? EdkifiHjcm;ukefoG,frIvkyfief;rsm; wdk;wuf
ajz&Sif;a&;pepfrsm;udk xm;&Sdum EdkifiHhtusdK;pD;yGm;udk tum aumifpD? tjcm;aomXmersm;rS 3 ESpftwGif; Oya'csdK;azmuf
ap&ef vkyfudkifaqmif&GufoGm;&rnf/
tuG,fay;oGm;&rnfjzpfonf/ olbufrS wifoGif;wifydkYrI udkwmavQmufxm;jcif;? cGifhjyKrdefY
(57) w½kwfEdkifiH? EdkifiHwumukefoG,frI jr§ifhwifa&;toif; avQmufxm;jcif;rsm;udk vHk;0cGifhjyKrnfr[kwf/ odkYr[kwfygu
(50) þOya'udk a&Smif&Sm;vkyfudkifonfh EdkifiHjcm;ukefoG,frI wpfEpS rf S oH;k ESpw f mumvtwGi;f Oya' csKd ;azmufou l kd tqdyk g
tzGJUtaejzifh csrSwfxm;aom toif;tzGJUpnf;rsOf;ESifhtnD
u,fq,fa&;vky&f yfrsm;tay: Edik if aH wmftaejzifh a&Smif&mS ;rI ukefypönf; (odkYr[kwf) enf;ynmwifoGif;wifydkYcGifh ydwfyifxm;
EdkifiHjcm;ESifh qufoG,frIjyKjcif;? ukefpnfjyyGJjyKvkyfjcif;? owif;
wm;qD;a&;pDrcH surf sm;csrw
S í
f Edik if t
hH usKd ;pD;yGm;udk umuG,af y; rnfjzpfonf/ qufvufazmfjyygrnf/
tcsuftvufyHhydk;jcif;? ar;jref;pHkprf;rI ajzMum;a&;0efaqmifrI
32 Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017

edkifiHtwGif;&Sd qif;&Jom;rsm;tm; axmufyU H aiG cGifU jyK&ef xdkif;uufbdeuf oabmwl aiG E S i f h tusH K ;0if o l 11'or 67
oef;teuf &Spfoef;cefYrSm ESpfpOf
0ifaiG bwfokH;aomif;atmuf &&Sd
xdkif;tpdk;&taejzifh 0ifaiG oGm;rnf jzpfaMumif;?2016 ckESpfu vQif 0ifaiG bwfokH;aomif;atmuf ,ckESpftwGuf pnf;urf; owfrSwf olrsm;jzpfNy;D qif;&Jorl sm;jzpfaMumif;?
edrfhusolrsm;tm; axmufyHhaMu;ay; 0ifaiGenf;oltjzpf rSwyf w Hk ifxm;ol &&Sdolrsm;twGuf ¤if;wdkY\ tajccH csuf r sm;rS m avQmuf x m;ol o nf 1988 ckESpfrS 2015 ckESpftwGif;
&ef bwf 41'or94 bDv, D H oabm 8 'or27 oef;xuf ydrk v kd mcJah Mumif;? vlaerIp&dwf jynfhrD&eftwGuf aiG wpfEpS 0f ifaiG bwfwpfoed ;f ESihf atmuf xdkif;EdkifiH\ 0ifaiGonf ysrf;rQtm;
wlcJhaMumif;? ¤if;cGifhjyKrIwGif jynfol tpdk;& tpDtpOft& taxmuftyHh aMu; axmufyHhrIvnf; &&Sdrnfjzpf &&S d o l (od k Y r [k w f ) tvk y f t ud k i f jzifh ud;k qwd;k jrifv h maMumif;? ,ck0if
ydkif bwfpfum;? rD;&xm; pD;eif;jcif;? &&SdrnfholodkY Smart Card xkwfay; aMumif; &Sif;vif; ajymMum;oGm;yg r&Sdol? ¤if;wdkY\ aiGpkpmtkyf? aiGpk aiG edrfhusolrsm;taejzifh 0ifaiGwdk;
tok;H taqmif ypön;f rsm; 0,f,jl cif; oGm;rnf jzpfaMumif;? ¤if;uwfwGif onf/ Smart Card rsm;tm; pufwif pm&if;wGif bwfwpfodef;atmuf wufrIEIef; ckepfq atmufwGifom
wdkYtwGuf axmufyHhaiGrsm; yg0if udk,fa&; tcsuftvufrsm; yg0if bmvwGif pwif xkwfay;oGm;rnf om&Sdol jzpf&rnfhtjyif tdrf,m ydkif &Sad Mumif;? xdik ;f Edik if \H tcsr;f omqk;H
aMumif;? ,ck tpDtpOfonf 2018 rnfjzpfNyD; cGifhjyKrnfh axmufyHhaiG jzpfNyD; tpdk;& taxmuftyHhtm; qdkifol jzpfygu uGe'f w kd iG af exdik o f l pm&if;0if 10 &mcdkifEIef;\ 0ifaiG pkpk
ckEpS ?f bwf*suEf pS f topfpwifonfh trsdK; tpm;udkvnf; azmfjyxm;rnf atmufwdkbmv 1 &ufrSpí cHpm; twGuf tdrfcef;tus,ft0ef; 35 aygif;onf qif;&Jom; 10 &mcdik Ef eI ;f
2017 ckESpf? atmufwdkbmv 1&uf jzpf aMumif;? Oyrm- c&D;oGm;vmjcif;? Edkifrnf jzpfygonf/ pwk&ef;rDwmatmuf ydik q f ikd o
f ?l NrKd Ujy \ ydkifqdkifrIwdkYxuf 878 qrsm;jym;
aeY w G i f p wif touf 0 if r nf jzpf tokH;taqmif 0,f,ljcif;? tajccH rpö w m ql o D & wf u tpd k ; & tdrf,mwGif aexdkifoljzpfygu 25 aMumif;? NrKdUjyaexdik o f rl sm;rSm aus;vuf
aMumif; Mo*kwfv29 &ufu jyKvkyf pm;ukef0,f,ljcif;wdkYtm; pD;yGm;^ taejzifh2018 ckESpftwGufqif;&J pwk&ef; wah (100 pwk&ef;rDwm) a'oü aexdkifolrsm;xuf ynma&;
onfh xdkif;EdkifiHtpdk;& uufbdeuf ul;oef; 0efBuD;Xme\ tjyma&mif om;rsm; axmufyHhrI &efykHaiG bwf atmuftus,ft0ef;wGif aexdkif tcGifhtvrf;ESpfq&&SdaMumif; od&Sd&
tpnf;ta0;wGif twnfjyKco hJ nf/ tvH wyfqifxm;onfh qdkifrsm;ü 46 bDvD,HcGifhjyKxm;NyD;jzpfaMumif;? ol? pdkufysdK;ol awmifoljzpfygu ajr yg onf/
pm&if;ppfcsKy½f ;kH rS rpöwm qloD 0,f,lrI rsm;twGuf tusHK;0ifrnf ,ck &efykHaiGtm; Pracha Rat Fund rS 10 ½dkifatmuf ydkifqdkifolrsm; jzpfNyD;
&wfu ,ck tpDtpOfwiG f 0ifaiGenf; jzpfaMumif;? ausmif;0wfpkH? pma&; 0ifaiGenf;olrsm;twGuf 0ifaiGumG touf 18 ESpf jynfhajrmufNyD;ol
rSwfykHwifxm;ol 14 'or 1 oef; ud&d,mESifh "mwfajrMoZm 0,f,lrI [rI avQmhcsa&; tpDtpOft& ,ck xdkif;EdkifiHom;rsm; jzpf&ygrnf/ Source : Bangkok Post
teuf owfrSwfcsufESifh udkufnDol rsm;vnf; tusHK;0ifaMumif; ajym ESpf arvwGif vsmxm;onfh aiG bwf aiG a Mu; rl 0 g'½H k ; \ owif ; aomif;Edkif? wmcsDvdwf
11 'or 67 oef;tm; cGijhf yKxw k af y; Mum;oGm;ygonf/ ¤if;tjyif wpfESpf 50 bDv, D rH S cGijhfyKxm;jcif;jzpfaMumif;? azmf j ycsuf r sm;t& ,ck a xmuf y H h

xdkif;EdkifiHwGif xkwfvkyfonfU tcsKd&nfrsm;ü
oMum;okH;pGJcGef wjznf;jznf;csif; pnf;MuyfoGm;rnf
xdkif;EdkifiHwGif xkwfvkyfonfh jzifh txl;ukefpnfcGefESifh oMum; jzifh vufvDaps;EIef;rsm; owfrSwf&m
tcsd K &nf r sm;wG i f oMum;yg0if r I yg0ifrI tcGeEf pS &f yfpvk;H xrf;aqmif wGif jynfwGif; xkwfvkyfolrsm;ESifh
tay: tajcjyKí aumufcrH nfh tcGef &rnf j zpf a Mumif ; ? od k Y a omf v nf ; ukefypönf; wifoGif;olrsm;twGuf
EIe;f tm; ESpEf pS w f pfBurd f wjznf;jznf; yxr ESpEf pS tf wGuf vuf&t dS cGeEf eI ;f rQwpGm aqmif&GufEdkif&ef &nf&G,f
csi;f wd;k jri§ í
hf ajcmufEpS u f mvtwGi;f xm;ESifh tenf;i,fom uGmjcm;rnf aMumif;? tcsdKUpD;yGm;a&; vkyfief;&Sif vuf z uf & nf M urf ; ES i f h aumf z D w d k Y &rnfholrsm;twGuf XmerSbufr
aqmif & G u f o G m ;rnf jzpf a Mumif ; ? jzpfaMumif;? oMum;tajccH xkwv f yk f rsm;onf tcGeaf vsmeh nf; ay;aqmif tay: txl;ukefpnfcGef uif;vGwf vdkufaom rl0g'udk udkifwG,f aqmif
tcsKd &nf xkwv f yk of rl sm;tm; ¤if;wdYk onfhtcsdK&nfrsm;tay: txl; ukef &eftwGuf CIF wefzdk;tpm; puf½Hk cGifhjyKxm;aMumif;? a'oxGufukef &G u f o G m ;rnf j zpf í BuD ; rm;aom
xkwfvkyfrIwGif oMum;avQmhcs okH;pGJ pnfcGef Oya'topfonf pufwif xk w f aps;rsm;jzif h aMunmxm;Mu Murf ; ypö n f ; rsm; ok H ; pG J j cif ; tay: ajymif;vJrw I pf&yf jzpfapEdik af Mumif;?
oGm;&ef tcsed af y;xm;jcif;jzpfaMumif; bmv 16 &ufwiG f pwif touf0if onfukd awGU&Scd &hJ aMumif; azmfjyxm; awmif;qdkrIt& ajzavsmh ay;xm; tcG e f Oya'\ tm;enf ; csuf u d k
xdkif;EdkifiH b@ma&;0efBuD; rpöwm rnf j zpf a Mumif ; ajymMum;oG m ;yg ygonf/ aMumif;? tcsdK&nfwGif obm0opf tok H ; jyKNyD ; tcG e f E I e f ; enf ; yg;pG m
tyDqyfu ajymMum;oGm;ygonf/ onf/ Oya'topfwiG f vuf&dS ok;H pGJ rpöwm tyDqyfu ,ck txl; oD ; (od k Y r [k w f ) toD ; t&G u f 10 ay;aqmifaeMuolrsm;ESifh tjrwf
yxrESpfESpftwGuf pnf;Muyf aeonfhvufvDaps;EIef; owfrSwf ukefpnfcGef Oya'topft& tcsdK &mcdkifEIef;yg0ifrSom vuúm;a&mif; EIef; rsm;pGm&&Sdaeaom ukefypönf;
rnfh txl;ukefpnfcGef Oya'onf csut f m; puf½x kH wk af ps; (Ex-Factory) &nftm; tcGefuif;vGwfcGifh jyKxm; aps;tay: pnf;Muyfrnfh txl;ukef rsm;twGuf tcGef0efxkyf0efydk; BuD;
tcsKd &nf xkwv f yk of rl sm;tm; oMum; tpm; CIF aps;jzifh wGucf supf nf;Muyf aomfvnf; oMum;yg0ifrI tcGeu f rkd l pnfcGef 20 &mcdkifEIef; oufomcGifh rm;pGm usoifhvmEdkifaMumif; ¤if;u
avQmhcsokH;pGJoGm;NyD; jynfolYusef;rm oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; today; ajym ay;aqmif &rnfjzpfaMumif;? rQwrI &rnfjzpfaMumif; &Sif;vif;ajymMum; qufvufajymMum;oGm;yg onf/
a&;udk tav;xm;&ef wdkufwGef;vdk Mum;cJhygonf/ &Sad pa&;twGuf owfrw S xf m;&jcif; ygonf/ ,ck Oya'topf touf Source : Bangkok Post
jcif; jzpfaMumif;? tcGex f rf;rsm;tae txl; ukefpnfcGefXmetae jzpfaMumif;? toifah omufo;Hk Edik o
f nfh 0ifvmygu Oya't& tcGeaf y;aqmif aomif;Edkif? wmcsDvdwf

SMEs vkyfief;rsm;udk ydkrdkxda&mufpGm axmufyHUay;Edkif&eftwGuf w½kwfjynfolh or®wEdkifiHu SMEs Oya'udk jyifqifa&;qGJcJU
tao;pm;ESifh tvwfpm; pD;yGm;a&; vkyfief;rsm; (SME) &Sif;vif;ap&eftwGuf ]tao;pm;ESifh tvwfpm; pD;yGm;a&; tm;ay;rnf[k Oya'wGif azmfjyyg&Sdygonf/
\ tusdK;tjrwftm; ydkrdkumuG,f axmufyHhay;Edkif&ef twGuf vkyfief;rsm;\ tusdK;pD;yGm;ESifh w&m;0iftcGifhta&;rsm;udk tcGeq f ikd &f m tusKd ;cHpm;cGirhf sm;ESihf tkycf sKyrf qI ikd &f m tcGef
Oya' wpf&yfukd w½kwEf ikd if H Oya'jyK vTwaf wmfu pufwifbm xdef;odrf;apmifha&Smuf&ef}qdkonfh pum;&yfudk yk'fr(1)wGif avQmhcsay;jcif;rsm; aqmif&Gufay;vdrfhrnf[k yg&Sdygonf/
v 1 &ufwGif jyefvnf jyifqifcJhygonf/ xyfrH xnfhoGif;cJhygonf/ SME vkyfief;rsm;onf w½kwfEdkifiH\ GDP 60 &mcdkif
wpfvwGifESpfBudrf jyKvkyfaom wevFmaeYrS aomMum xdtYk jyif ]Edik if aH wmfonf tao;pm;ESihf tvwfpm; pD;yGm; EIe;f ESihf tvkytf udik t f cGit hf vrf; 80 &mcdik Ef eI ;f cefu Y kd taxmuf
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Vol: 17, No.35 Monday September 11 2017 33

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