CCLD 303

Outcome: 303.4 Factsheet – Development 8 -16

Age 8 – 11 years

What they are like • • • • • • • • • • • • • They respond differently to varying situations They can show increasing independence and desire to help Friendships are very important They want to be liked by their peers and can have a strong loyalty to groups They want approval but not at the expense of their friends/peers Sex differences begin to appear Sex antagonisms may appear They grow steadily in muscles, bone, heart and lungs They will know social skills e.g. turn taking in a game They can be enthusiastic and enjoy physical play They can adapt their behaviour from one environment to another By the end of this stage concepts of ‘fairness and unfairness’ will have developed

What they need from the setting/staff • To participate in a wide range of activities including strenuous exercise, with a wide variety of materials and resources that will stimulate their development Time to play with friends/peers and to organize their own play opportunities Staff (adults) who have time and can listen to them Staff who support but who do not interfere in children’s play Opportunities to be independent Encouragement and praise Staff who can encourage and look for ways to develop the children’s self reliance and confidence

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MACTAC © 2007

12- 16 years

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Growth and changes to their bodies – frequently uneven – surges of hormones Mood swings may be experienced Friends are the important relationship – a need to ‘belong’ in peer group as opposed to family Differences in boys and girls in interests and abilities Interest in opposite sex may increase Emotions are easily aroused and swayed Interest span lengthens and new skills can be heightened (e.g. texting/computers) Strong desire for individual recognition Experimenting with identity – fashion, hair, tattoos Seeks to become independent in their own right Challenging of family values Communication with adults may become difficult Conscious of body image

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Time to relax and be with their friends Staff that will listen and be empathetic New and differing challenges and opportunities Understandable boundaries with time to discuss A balanced diet and opportunities to find out about the importance of healthy lifestyle Information – not only about drugs, alcohol, smoking, sex and sexuality but new and exciting opportunities to make informed decisions To be in situations where they can exercise and experience fair play Opportunities to be responsible and build self-esteem

MACTAC © 2007

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