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Korean Hand Acupuncture (Sujichim)

Literature Review with Classic Textbook Comparison and My Own Experience with
Korean Hand Acupuncture

By Myung S. Veronica Noh, L.Ac. Dipl of O.M. (NCCAOM), RN, CCRN


August, 2007


The purpose of this project is to assist fellow TCM practitioners in easing their patients' pain
by using simple hand acupuncture techniques. Through my experience with TCM and hand
acupuncture, I will demonstrate the relative facility with which other practitioners can implement
these methods in their practices. Through this project, I hope to instruct those in the field of
Traditional Chinese Medicine so that they can better treat their patients and lessen their pain.
Prior to practicing TCM, I studied Sujichim (the Korean word for Hand Acupuncture and
also the name of the instructional manual.)1 This book appealed to me because of the ease of
understanding and application in the instruction of hand acupuncture. (As a student of TCM, I
could easily understand Sujichim and the shang image of our body on the hand). I became
convinced that the methods taught in this book would be helpful in freeing people from agonizing
pain in a short period of time. Eventually, I started practicing Sujichim; it soon became evident
that the results from hand acupuncture were obtained more rapidly than those from body
acupuncture. For this reason, I decided to share these simple methods with my colleagues and
other non-professionals. Learning hand acupuncture could also benefit my patients and their
loved ones who might use it in their homes as emergency care before a healthcare provider
reaches them.
Thus began my work in translating the methods of hand acupuncture into English. (A hand
acupuncture book had already been translated by Tae Woo Yoo, but I found it difficult to
understand as well as expensive for most people to purchase. However, some professionals
might enjoy reading his book.) I commenced my translation of Sujichim with the intention of
helping more people in their speedy recovery from pain. While translating the book, I examined
other textbooks in order to present better and more accurate information to my readers.
Consequently, not all of the information is exactly the same as in the Korean book. For example,
I omitted some information that was not applicable to the United States, such as geographic
places mentioned in the original book, and vegetables and herbs not available in the U. S. Also,
some vague information was omitted in an effort to simplify the book and make it more readable
for my audience. The purpose of this Capstone project is to convey the knowledge of Sujichim
that I have acquired through my studies and experience to other practitioners.

History of Development
Dr. Tae Woo Yoo created the theory of Koryo Hand Therapy and developed it between 1971-
1975. Dr. Tae Woo Yoo stated that he resurrected the physiognomy and further studied the
theory of the somatic reflex system. Through his experiments he found that a corresponding
relationship between the hand and the whole body does indeed exist. That idea was the birth of a
new medicine: Koryo Hand Therapy.
Yong Kwun Kim did not mention where his Korean Hand Acupuncture originated but he studied
Oriental Medicine through lectures and he also researched hand acupuncture and developed his
own style of Hand Acupuncture Therapy.
Tae Woe Yoo and Yong Kwun Kim have worked on the same principle but with a different
approach on the hand, so the needle points are somewhat different when choosing places on the
hand. Some points are the same but have different alphabetical names. For example, Ren 8 is
called shinguel in Korean (Shenque is pinyin in Chinese) on the body point. Yong Kwun Kim

uses Ren 7 as a hand point name but Tae Woe Yoo uses K-A8. However, their needle point site
is the same, which means that the shang image has the same corresponding relationship to the
Personal Experience
I learned hand acupuncture through Yong Kwun Kims follower, Mrs. Ensook Choi, who was a
nurse who practiced hand acupuncture. She also gives lectures abroad throughout the Korea,
Germany and America.
As a nurse, it was easy for me to understand and apply this practice to myself, my family
members and other people who needed attention immediately. It encouraged me to study TCM
further. TCM body acupuncture and hand acupuncture therapy combined gives patients a better
outcome and they seem to tolerate this better (especially children).
Body acupuncture and hand acupuncture points can be applied with pressure, a magnet or
massage to achieve the same goal as needles.

Several of the citations and indications in this paper can be found in other acupuncture books and
have been referenced as such. The terminology used in this paper has been translated from
Korean and Chinese when possible but at times has been retained in those languages when there
was no English alternative. Some of the theory and most of the points used for this research come
from Yong Kwun Kims book, Sujichim and the lectures from Ensook Choi. Since the majority of
this paper is taken from these sources, it would be impossible to cite each reference. Herewith I
acknowledge the use and translation of the Korean book on hand acupuncture, Sujichim in this

Nature and Human Beings

Oh-Heng story
From the beginning of time, human tribes have worshiped the sun, water, trees, animals, and
rocks. Humans looked at the universe as one object of change, the cause of things, and the origin
of development from the very beginning of the universe. For this reason, the Five Elements think
of each object as the center of life. The Five Elements look at the existence and origin of the
The Theory of Hand Acupuncture
All creatures want to protect themselves so that their clan will multiply from generation to
generation. This is their instinct of self-preservation. For example, a lizards instinct is to run
away from an enemy when it is being attacked. The lizard leaves its own tail behind in order to
protect its life. For many small fish, their instinct is to lay billions of eggs so that their clan can
multiply; this is because most of their clans will be eaten by bigger fish. All animals have these
instincts, and human beings have the instincts to protect themselves from many diseases as well.

The hands and feet are far from the heart and always an easily neglected part of our body.
Humans move they run, walk, stand up and handle and touch things with their hands. These

activities protect the feet and hands so that they will not become too cold or hot. Human hands
and feet have to move in order to maintain health; otherwise they will be weak. If someone does
not like to move, this person will have a problem somewhere in his body. However, movement
keeps the qi and blood circulating and harmonizing the body. One can also detect a persons
health by monitoring his hands or feet. Even though they are far from the heart, the 6 channels of
zang and 6 fu organs in the body run through the hands and feet.
The human body has 51 billion capillary vessels; 70% of these capillary vessels are in the hands
and feet.
In ancient times when a person had an emergency, he was bled from the tips of his fingers (shi
sun hyul)1. A sewing needle was used to do this. Whenever I had acute abdominal cramps, my
grandmother used to rub a sewing needle against her hair or she nose breathed on the needle and
then pricked my thumb to bleed a few drops of blood out. My problem disappeared miraculously!
Modern thinking considers the sewing needle to be non-sterile and that infection could result from
this type of treatment. But that never happened.
Another example of ancient treatment was if a person fell on the floor and twisted his hands and
legs, he would be bled from the dorsal part of his fingers (shi wang hyul)2. From this bleeding
activity, people thought that the qi would be harmonized and the blood would move again. They
also thought that if the qi and blood were harmonized far from the heart, it would make the body
harmonized. When people feel cold, they rub their hands and place them near the fire to make
them warm. They do this so that the blood and qi will be harmonized.
The hands measure a persons health. In a healthy person, the hands will be warm. If the hands
and feet are cold, then that person's health is declining. If the liver is unhealthy, the white part of
the fingernails will get smaller and lose their luster. If the spleen function is weak, then the color
of the hands will change to yellow. If the qi and blood are not harmonizing, the hand color will
turn blotchy yellow and red.
People use their hands to express their feelings. For example, people quickly hold another
persons hand when they are delighted to see a guest, people clap their hands when applauding
and cheering, and shake each other's hands when they first meet. Koreans have expressions for the
hands called son shipda" (which means easy). These expressions include joining hands, having
something in your hands, a person with a big hands, etc. These words express our feelings with
hands. From these expressions we know that people use the word hand to demonstrate or
express their feelings.
The frequent use of the hands is directly related to a persons health; it is also related to the
activity of the brain. We think most of the activities and expressions come out from the hands,
and we use toys to develop childrens brains and to make objects. Repetitive activities (like habits
and technical abilities) are difficult at first for a person's hands but after repeating these activities,
the hands will become coordinated and finally everything will be harmonized. Korean people use
hand activity toys a lot. Some of these activities are: marble games, stick-hitting games, playing
with beads, Rock-Paper-Scissors, string games, etc.
According to the theory of hand acupuncture, these games and activities are an important part of
our health. Compared with modern children (who play with electric games or toys), ancient
children grew up with good health because they used their hands more during play.
Dong Uei Hak believes that the hands and feet are connected when meridians and channels
connect to each other and move.

1 Shi sun hyul: 1 pun proximal distance point from the palm side of the 10 finger tips in each finger
2 shi wang hyul: 1 pun proximal distance point from the dorsal side of the 10 finger nails in each finger

The Theory of Systematic Movement of Nature in Humans
In the Orient, one of the big theories is the Yin and Yang Theory and The Five Elements.
The Five Elements view the universe as harmonies of the five substances. The yin and yang view
the two sides. From the beginning, all things were of two standards in peoples points of view.
This yin and yang theory of the Orient had a big influence on Western culture during ancient
times. These thoughts (spirit vs. material, subject vs. object) caused people to believe that human
beings consisted of an immortal soul but a mortal body.
Western and Oriental points of the view were the same, but the original angle of the views was
very different.
Yin and yang are the property of relative concepts but also have antagonistic relationships.

The Contraindication to Performed Hand Acupuncture

If a person is very hungry, has a very full stomach, is extremely fatigued and thirsty, or is very
upset, he or she should not receive hand acupuncture immediately. Right after hand acupuncture,
patients should avoid having sex, becoming fatigued or angry. These patients should also make
themselves relaxed before they receive hand acupuncture instead of arriving just after driving a
car, doing exercise at the gym, or being short of breath.

Cautions after Hand Acupuncture

Do not touch dirty objects or handle water right after receiving a treatment because these
activities may cause a bacterial infection at the needle site. If a patient experiences blood spotting
after needle removal, it is a good sign. The hand has arteries that run, but they run at a deep level.
Puncturing a 0.3-0.5 mm insertion will not harm the arteries. Blood spotting comes from the
blockage of the capillaries or congestion of the capillary. It is the shang image of the body.

Maintaining Health with Hand Acupuncture

One advantage of hand acupuncture is that it can be done anywhere and the patient will still
receive benefits. As long as the patient remembers to relax prior to receiving hand acupuncture,
then the benefits will be good; if the patient has an emergency condition, the benefits will be at a
maximum. Some examples of emergency conditions are: acute indigestion with severe abdominal
pain, gas intoxication, collapse from hypertension, heat stroke, severe leg pain after a long walk,
and a foot or ankle sprain. Even if a person knows only a little hand acupuncture, this can save a
patients life or act as first aid while waiting for the ambulance to arrive.

Shang Image of the body

Corresponding treatment
Correspondence Theory is the idea that the hands reflect the anatomy and physiology of the whole
body; therefore, all the functions of the internal organs can be controlled by stimulating the proper
points and areas on the hands for the treatment and prevention of diseases.

The palm side of the hand corresponds to the anterior side of the body. The posterior side of the
hand corresponds to the posterior side of the body.
Tae Woo Yoo used K-A to indicate Korean Hand Acupuncture points along the vertical midline
of the hand from the lower end of the palm to the apical tip of the middle finger. Young Kwun
Kim used the label "Ren," which is the same as the body acupuncture point of the Ren meridian.
Tae Woo Yoo used K-B as the Du meridian of the body point of the body; Young kwun Kim used
Du as the body point of the meridian.
Dr. Yoo wanted to differentiate his correspondent points from the body acupuncture points. So he
used each point, starting with K- A, K-B, K-C etc. This method of using an alphabetical name
nomenclature in the channel was hard to memorize and understand for TCM practitioners like me.
However, a practitioner who does not have a TCM background will find it easier to learn.
Dr. Kim used the same names for body acupuncture points but some of the numbers were
different from body acupuncture numbers. I made these more accessible so that the practitioner
could understand and apply them easily. For this reason, Young Kwun Kims nomenclature
numbers are more familiar to the TCM practitioner and help to understand them better.
Since I learned Young Kwun Kims method of hand acupuncture, I was able to utilize it much
better than other types of hand acupuncture. For example, due to the numbering nomenclature, the
Ren meridians in the body are called Ren in the hand acupuncture, the Du Meridians are called
Du, Lung are called Lung,and so on. This is easier for me since I am familiar with Western
medical terminology. I used this method in my ICU setting. I used aluminum balls (which I
made from aluminum foil) for each point and taped them on the patients hand for at least 30
minutes or longer, depending on my patients condition. Afterwards, when I was studying TCM,
it was very easy to understand why these points were working on my patients. After I learned
TCM, I did not depend on the hand acupuncture book but utilized the TCM theory for the hand. It
worked well with those aluminum foil balls, and this confirmed the shang image on the hand from
the body.
The following table will help to understand the names of each meridian starting with TCM, Tae
Woo Yoo, and Yong Kwun Kim. The number will follow after each name.

TCM Yong Kwun Kim Tae Woo Yoo

Ren Meridian (R) Ren (R) K-A
Du Meridian (Du) Du (Du) K-B
Lung Meridian (Lu) Lung (Lu) K-C
Large Intestine Meridian (LI) Large Intestine (LI) K-D
Stomach Meridian (ST) Stomach (ST) K-E
Spleen Meridian (SP) Spleen (SP) K-F
Heart Meridian (H) Heart (H) K-G
Small Intestine Meridian (SI) Small Intestine (SI) K-H
Bladder Meridian (B) Bladder (B) K-I
Kidney Meridian (K) Kidney (K) K-J
Pericardium Meridian (PC) Pericardium (PC) K-K
San Jiao Meridian (SJ) San Jiao (SJ) K-L
Gall Bladder Meridian (GB) Gall Bladder (GB) K-M
Liver Meridian (LR) Liver (LR) K-N

If a patient has an eye problem (such as conjunctivitis, an allergic reaction, a sty in the eye, or
keratitis) he or she can use hand acupuncture to relieve the symptoms. In hand acupuncture, the
tip of the middle finger corresponds to the eye. The patient should find the corresponding point on
the tip of the middle finger. If the right eye has a problem, look at the middle finger on the right
hand and find the painful spot with either a toothpick, the tip of a ballpoint pen, the other
fingertips or another small sharp object. This is the corresponding point of the right eye and also
the treatment spot. Press this spot and your eye will feel more comfortable. If your problem is
relatively simple, it will recover quickly. If your problem is chronic, make a little ball out of
aluminum foil, press the spot and affix it with a band-aid. Then this problem gradually resolved
itself with treatments. This method can be used for a runny or blocked nose, and also for
snoring. For a bloody nose, you should tie off the end of the knuckle of the middle finger for a
minute. This will make the bleeding stop, or will prevent recurrent bleeding. For acute nausea,
stomach pain, hiccups, and indigestion you have to find the point on the palm of your hand in this
way: put your middle finger backward and find the protruding spot on your palm. Press this
point to solve your problem. For a headache, press the tip of your middle finger. If you have an
occipital headache, find the corresponding spot on the dorsal part of the end of your middle finger
and rub.
If the right shoulder has a dull pain and you have difficulty rotating it, press the first knuckle of
the right 4th finger that is attached to the palm and rotate it for about 5 minutes. Massage the area
so that the pain in the first knuckle is significantly reduced or will release the dull pain and also
reduce the difficulty.
For a right ankle sprain: press the ankle with a sharp object or prick that spot to make it bleed.
Using hand acupuncture, make aluminum foil balls and press the corresponding spot to release the
congestion of the right ankle. This point is the dorsal part of the first knuckle of the right little
finger. For acute low back sprain or dysmenorrheal condition, apply pressure on the back of the
hand (in the mid-to-lower part of the hand) and the front of the palm at the same time. If you do
this for awhile, the pain will be released.

In an emergency case such as acute gas intoxication, collapse due to hypertension crisis,
sunstroke, acute indigestion, acute respiratory distress, babys seizure, alcoholic gastritis,
overdose of alcohol, collapse from overwork or emotional distress, you should first call 911.
While you are waiting for the ambulance to arrive, prick all 10 fingertips to release several drops
of blood. This will prevent sudden death.

Zhang Fu and Channel Theory

Zhang fu Story
In Oriental Medicine Theory, the body has 6 zang and 6 fu. But judging from the anatomy, we
have only 5 zang and 5 fu. Therefore, one zang and one fu are not recognized in Western
medicine while in Oriental medicine, one zang and fu have been added. We cannot see them with
our eyes but their function is described as a pericardium and triple burner.
These differences come from viewing how the body functions. In Western medicine they are
recognized by anatomy, function, and physiology only; in Oriental medicine anatomy, function,
physiology and Oriental philosophy are all included.

Medicine is a science; it is not a religion. However, the human body is more than science it is
also a mystery. Even though science has made enormous developments, we still cannot

understand our body completely. Dealing with and trying to solve all the problems we can be
puzzling at times. Oriental medicine cannot explain all of the functions of the human body as
Western medicine can. The organ is visible or not visible, scientifically proven or not. In
Oriental medicine the human body is accepted as itself; the medical view is not limited only to
proof of evidence but also through philosophy. We do not know which one is better.
In Oriental medicine, the human body cannot be explained in the same detail as in Western
medicine. Both types of practices are superior in certain areas as well as deficient in other areas.
Western medicine and Oriental medicine should support each other to the best of their efforts in
order to improve medical practices.

Zang organs work constantly to keep human survival in contrast and fu organs work only when
they are needed. The zang fu organs are inside of the body and disharmony of these organs can
produce symptoms. For example, one can develop headaches, back pain, numbness of fingers,
and hemorrhoids. Oriental medicine looks at this as a problem or disharmony of zang fu organs,
which is different from the way that Western medicine views it. Another example is if a patient
does not have a gall bladder, he might have air in his lungs, or his liver may shrink like a bean or
swell up. These expressions have nothing to do with zang fu organ problems. It means that the
channel of the zang fu organs is feeble/frail or substantial/solid. The kidneys function is not only
to filter blood but also to control menstruation/ reproduction capability. The kidneys essence is
prenatal. Oriental Medicine Theory believes that the kidneys have more functions and a more
important role in our body system than Western medicine practitioners believe.

Five Zang Fu Zang Fu

Wood Liver Gall Bladder
Fire (king) Heart Small Intestine
Fire (prime minister) Pericardium Triple burner
Earth Spleen Stomach
Metal Lung Large Intestine
Water Kidney Bladder

The Meridians and Collaterals (Channel)

About 2000 years ago, Nei Jing mentioned Channel Theory and since then this theory has
become one of the big branches of Oriental medicine. But this has become neglected due to a lack
of logical evidence. In Korea, in the era of Japans invasion, the name of Dongue was changed
to Hanue; their intention was to erase Dongue from peoples minds. In India, the channel is
called Nadi and it deals with 14 Nadi. Chinese scientists reported that they could prove that there
were 14 channels in animals and humans.3
The meridians and collaterals are pathways of the circulating blood and qi (energy) of the human
body. In Oriental medicine, they describe the channel as a canal of energy (qi) and blood passage.
The blood forms from the middle jiao and energy forms from the lower jiao. Meridian (kyung,
Jing) is a canal of longitude which runs vertically inside of the body.
Collateral (rak, luo) is represented by branches of the meridians, and runs transversely and
superficially from the meridians. This system of meridians and collaterals includes the twelve

3 Hankyoreh Newspaper, July 7th, 1992

regular meridians, eight extra meridians, fifteen collaterals, twelve divergent meridians, twelve
muscle regions and twelve cutaneous regions.
The meridians and collaterals are responsible for the circulation of qi and blood in the body.
There are twelve regular meridians and eight extra meridians. The twelve regular meridians are
twelve passages in the human body of the zang fu organs. These meridians are divided into yin
and yang at the same time; their relationship is a yin and yang couple.

The eight extra meridians are different from the twelve regular meridians. They are not connected
to the zang fu organ; their functions are independent. Their functions are helpers to the twelve
regular meridians and they manage and adjust the qi and blood. The eight extra meridians are Du
meridian (dok mek). This means that they are running along the midline of the back and governing
all the yang meridian; they are called sea of the yang. Ren meridian (yim mek) goes to the
midline of the abdomen and fosters and takes care of the yin meridian; therefore, it is called sea
of the yin. Chong meridian (Chong mek) runs from bottom to top and it is the vital pass, and
regulates the flow of qi and blood in the twelve regular meridians; therefore, it is called the sea
of the twelve primary meridians. The Dai meridian (Dai mek) encircles the waist (dai means
belt or girdle.) The Dai meridian goes around the waist and binds up all the meridians. Yang
qiao and yin qiao meridians start from the heel. Qiao means heel and quickness. Yang qiao
starts from below the external malleolus of the heel and goes up the outside of the body. Yin qiao
starts from below the internal malleolus of the heel and goes up the inside of the body. Yang qiao
is divided from the foot tai yang and takes care of the right and left side of the yang in the body.
Yin qiao is divided from the foot tai yin, takes care of the right and left side of the body, and takes
care of the yin. These meridians take care of movement and also put an end to inner cantus of the
eye; therefore, they take care of the opening and closing of eye movements. The Yin wei meridian
connects and networks the interior of the whole body and the yang wei meridian connects and
networks the exterior yang of the whole body. Wei means connection and network. When we
say the fourteen meridians, we actually mean the twelve regular meridians plus Du and Ren.
The reason that Du and Ren are included is because Du is connected to the brain and Ren is
connected to the uterus.

Nomenclature of the Meridians

The nomenclatures of the meridians exist in an exterior-interior relationship.
The twelve principal meridians are symmetrically distributed over the body on both the left and
right sides. They run along the inside or outside aspects of the upper and lower limbs. Each
corresponds to either a zang or a fu organ. Their names are derived from three factors: hand or
foot, yin or yang, and a zang or a fu organ. They are tai yin and yang ming, shao yin and tai
yang, Jue yin and shao yang. For example, if the lungs and the large intestines, the
pericardium and the triple burner, the heart and the small intestines, the spleen and the stomach,
the liver and the gall bladder, the kidneys and the bladder, are too strong, then the other side
becomes weak. In this case, the most desirable condition would be to keep each of them equally
balanced. The nomenclature of the twelve regular meridians is based on these three factors: a)
hand or foot, b) yin or yang, and c) a zang or fu organ. Both the upper limbs (hands) and lower
limbs (feet) are divided into six regions which are supplied respectively by the three yin (Taiyin,
Shaoyin, and Jueyin) and three yang (Yangming, Taiyang, and Shaoyang) meridians. There exists
an exterior-interior relationship between the three yin and three yang meridians. 2

Hand Acupuncture : Applications and Point Locations 12 Meridians and Ren and Du
Ren Meridian
The Ren meridian runs from bottom to top, front and center of the body and one of the top
meridians. Ren means responsibility or in charge. The Ren meridian is responsible for the
yin meridian. It is also related to pregnancy, is directly related to the male and female
reproductive systems, and controls all yin energy.
Meridians are divided into the right and left sides of the body and run along both sides. If a person
sleeps only on the left side, then the left side of the shoulder will be pressed and, as a result, the
left side will be painful. But the right side will be all right. A hair dresser who uses her right hand
to cut customers hair all the time will usually have a problem from her right shoulder down to
her hand due to unbalanced usage of the shoulder and hand. This condition is a result of the
unbalanced left and right; the qi and blood are not harmonized but are blocked. If a condition
becomes chronic, the result will be a blocked Ren meridian and the problem will worsen over
The body is divided into left and right, up and bottom. If a patients Ren meridian has a film of
pus, the patient will not easily recover from the disease. In this case, one must use herbal
medicine, moxa on the specific point, or continue pressing on the Ren meridian on the hand to try
to solve the problem. For food therapy, the following can be used: ren shen, ze xie, chen pi, mai
ya, or dried ginger root. The Ren meridian will be harmonized again when the film of the pus is
The Ren meridian is a basic meridian. When the body has a problem, the Ren meridian is always
involved with it in some way. This is called the fundamental point. If a person has a bronchial
problem, the treatment principle is the lung meridian but the fundamental point will be the Ren
meridian. When the Ren meridian problem is treated, then other problems will be treated.

Problems Treated by the Ren Meridian

The Ren meridian is the gathering place of the yin meridian. If a problem occurs, the symptoms
will appear in the liver or kidney. The foot 3 yin meridian passes over the lower abdomen and
belongs to the Ren meridian. Therefore, problems of the reproductive system and uterus problems
are related to the Ren meridian. In men, they will have a problem with the scrotum or an enlarged
scrotum with pain or tension of the abdomen. In women, the problems will be with
dysmenorrhea, uterine bleeding, vaginal discharge, infertility, or abortion.

Ren Meridian Passageway

The passageway begins at the lower abdomen in the reproductive system, goes to the hue um and
then into the abdomen following the center of the front up to neck. Then it goes around the lip,
passes the cheek and goes into the eye. It meets the stomach meridian on the sung up, while in the
abdomen the Ren meridian meets other organs and three yin meridians, eight extra meridians, yin
wei, and chong mai.

Acupuncture Points on the Hand
Ren 1. Huieum (Huiyin) Place: between the anus and the root of the scrotum in males, and
between the anus and the posterior labial commissure in females
Indication: disorder of all of the reproductive system, the prostate, dysmenorrhea, bladder
infections, hemorrhoids, and headaches
Ren 2. Gokgol (Qugu) Place: on the midpoint of the upper border of the symphysis pubis
Indication: dysmenorrhea, disorder of the uterus, prostate infection, cystitis
Ren 3. Zhongkook (Zhongji) Place: midline of the abdomen, and front mu point of the bladder
Indication: enuresis, nocturnal emission, impotence, hernia, uterine bleeding, irregular
menstruation, dysmenorrhea, morbid leucorrhea, frequency of urination, retention of urine, pain
in the lower abdomen, prolapsed uterus, vaginitis, and sciatica
Ren 4. Guanyuan (Guanyuan); (also called Danjun) Place: gathering essence point, front mu point
of the small intestine
Indication: infertility, any problems with the uterus, dysmenorrhea, menstrual pain, cystitis,
constipation, chronic colitis, low abdominal pain, flaccid type of apoplexy, fatigue, and loss of
vitality, pain of the lumbar region
Ren 5. Sukmun (Shimen); (also means important place) Place: front mu point of the triple
Indication: amenorrhea, mastitis, diarrhea, edema, hernia, enuresis, morbid leucorrhea, uterine
bleeding, and postpartum hemorrhage
Ren 6. Kihae (Qihai) Place: sea of vital energy
Indication: low back pain, dysmenorrhea, leukorrhea, post-partum hemorrhage, constipation, cold
hands and feet, gastritis, chronic diarrhea, infertility, enuresis, infertility, asthma, and nervous
Ren 7. Shinguel (Shenque); This is Ren 8 on the body point. Place: the kidney essence and heart
of the spirit is entering the gate and place of providence of the Supreme Being.
Indication: gastritis, abdominal pain, cystitis, chronic colitis, nausea, edema, kidney disease,
prolapse of the rectum, and unchecked diarrhea
Ren 8. Subun(Shuifen; Ren 9 on the body point Place: in the division of the clear and turbid
materials, small intestine and large intestine dividing place
Indication: abdominal pain, duodenal ulcer, indigestion, prolapsed stomach, indigestion, chronic
colitis, diarrhea, and enlarged stomach
Ren 9. Hawan(Xiawan); Ren 10 on the body point
Place: middle place below the stomach
Indication: nausea, epigastric pain, abdominal pain, borborygmus, indigestion, neurotic gastritis,
hiccup, gastric spasm, and acute or chronic gastritis
Ren 10. Junlee (Jianli); Ren 11 on the body point; point for improving stomach function
Indication: stomach ache, nausea, abdominal distention, edema, and anorexia
Ren 11. Zhungwan (Zhongwan); Ren 12 on the body point; Place: point of the middle stomach,
produces post heaven-essence place, and front mu point of the stomach
Indication: nausea, vomiting, stomach ache, halitosis, acid reflux, dysentery, jaundice, indigestion,
insomnia, collapse due to stroke, constipation, and seizure
Ren 12. Sangwan (Shangwan); Ren 13 on the body point;
Place: the center place of the upper stomach.
Indication: master point for hiccups, epigastric pain, stomach cramps, gastritis, and gastric ulcer
Ren 13. Gergual (Juque); Ren 14 on the body point; Place: front mu point of the heart

Indication: pain in the chest and heart, hiccups, difficulty with swallowing, mental disorder,
epilepsy, and palpitation, and stomach cramps
Ren 14. Gumi (Jiuwei); Ren 15 on the body point; Place: end of the xiphoid process, Luo-
connecting point of the Ren meridian
Indication: mental disorder, fullness of the chest and swelling, epilepsy, nausea, nervous
Ren 15. Jungjeong (Zhongting); Ren 16 on the body point; Place: near the heart
Indication: asthma, difficulty with swallowing food, distension and fullness in the chest, infant
vomiting, esophagal pain and spasm, anorexia
Ren 16. Jeanjung (Tanzhong); Ren 17 on the body point; Place: the pericardium starting point,
front mu point of the pericardium, influential point of qi
Indication: asthma, pain in the chest, cardiac disease, palpitation, hiccups, insufficient lactation,
mastitis, pleural effusion
Ren 17, Okdang (Yutang); Ren 18 on the body point; Place: near the heart
Indication: cough, stricture of the esophagus, bronchitis, asthma, and vomiting
Ren 18. Zagung (Zigong); Ren 19 on the body point; Place: near the heart
Indication: pain in the chest, asthma, cough
Ren 19. Huagae (Huagai); Ren 20 on the body point; Place: point to treat the lung
Indication: asthma, cough, tonsillitis, bronchitis
Ren 20. Chundol (Tiantu); Ren 22 on the body point; Place: where the upper burners energy
gushes out
Indication: asthma, cough, dry throat, sudden hoarseness of the voice, difficulty in swallowing
Ren 21. Sangchundol
Ren 22. Gyealhu
Indication: stuck fish bone, sore throat, hoarseness, thyroid problem
Ren 23. Hayumchun
Ren 24. Yumchun (Lianquan); Ren 23 on the body point; Place: where the light water gushes out
and outside of the throat
Indication: laryngitis, canker sore, aphasia, sudden hoarseness of the voice, difficulty in
Ren 25. Eunkyo (Yinjiao); Du 28 on the body point; Place: the left and right side where the lips
Indication: Bells palsy, aphasia, hemi paresis, tooth ache
Ren 26. Sorhow (Suliao); Du 25 on the body point; Place: on the tip of the nose
Indication: rhinorrhea, rosacea, epistaxis, nasal obstruction, hypotension, red nose due to alcohol
intoxication, nasal bleeding
Ren 27. Sangun
Ren 28. Yindang (Yintang); third eye; Place: between the two eyebrows
Indication: headache, common cold, sinusitis, anemia, and nasal obstruction
Ren 29. Shinjung (Shenting); Du 24 on the body point; Place: the point where mental disorders
are treated
Indication: psychosis, epilepsy, visual disorder, headache, vertigo, insomnia, anxiety
Ren 30 Baekhue (Baihui;: 100 meeting place; Du 20 on the body point; Place: 100 meeting
place of the meridian
Indication: headache, prolapsed rectum and uterus, forgetfulness, vertigo, tinnitus, aphasia by
apoplexy, mental disorder, insomnia

Du Meridian
Du meridian means that the meridian goes along the midline of the back. The Du meridian is
representative of the yang meridian; it controls and commands the yang energy, controls the spine,
nerves, and the autonomic nerve system. The Du meridian controls and takes care of the whole
When the spine is straight, the qi and blood will be running smoothly and will strengthen the body.
If a person is in a sitting position and is not straight, that means that person has a problem
someplace in the body.
1.5 The cun lateral of the spine has all the shu points of the zang fu organ. Disease can be
prevented when a person keeps his or her back warm. When a person first feels ill, sometimes he
or she will feel a chill in his or her back. A person who has weak lungs will catch cold more
easily because the illness comes through the back shu point. The illness can be released by
making the person sweat in the back. When a person catches cold, he should make bean sprout
soup with hot red peppers. Then he should cover his body and make it sweat in order to release
the cold. (This is the Barefoot Doctors prescription for treating the common cold.)

Treatable Disease by the Du Meridians

When the Du meridian has a problem, the lower abdominal qi goes up to the heart to makes chest
pain, dull aches and hot feelings. It also may cause difficulty in urinating, constipation,
hemorrhoids, and infertility. Back pain and stiffness on the back of the neck can be treated by the
Du meridian:

Acupuncture Points on the Du Meridian
Du 1. Janggang (Changqiang; luo connecting point: means Prolong strong point
Indication: Hemorrhoids, prolapsed rectum, constipation, pain in the lower back, mania, difficult
urination, retention urine, itching around the anus
Du 2. Yoyu (Yaoshu): means assent point of the lumbar area; one of frequent bad energy
entering places
Indication: pain and stiffness of the lower back, hemorrhoids, muscular atrophy of the lower
extremities, irregular menstruation, chronic colitis, malaria
Du 3. Yoyangguan (Yaoyangguan): means gate of the yang barrier
Indication: irregular menstruation, impotence, leukorrhea, acute and chronic colitis, sciatica,
infection in the spinal cord, rheumatic arthritis, paralysis on the lower limb
Du 4. Myungmoon (Mingmen): means Gate of the life; pre-heaven qi enters and keeps the
health; important point of the kidney
Indication: nephritis, dysmenorrhea, endometriosis, tonified kidney, seminal emission, governing
the Du meridian
Du 5. Hyunchoo (Xuanshu): means axis suspension
Indication: diarrhea, low back pain, acute colitis
Du 6. Chukjoong (Jizhong): means center of the spine
Indication: Jaundice, hepatitis, stiffness and pain in the spine, paralysis on the lower extremities,
pain in the epigastric region
Du 7. Joongchu (Zhongshu): means center of the back
Indication: eye disorder, cholecystitis, epilepsy, inability to move due to severe back pain and
Du 8. Gunchook (Jinsuo): means contraction of the muscle
Indication: epilepsy, spastic convulsion, hepatitis, cholecystitis, insomnia, hysteria
Du 9. Zhiyang (Zhiyang): means point in the beginning of the yang
Indication: jaundice, cough, asthma, hepatitis, cholecystitis, indigestion, fortified spleen and
regulation of the middle jiao
Du 10. Youngdae (Lingtai): means spirit tower, hold the heart
Indication: asthma, bronchitis, prevents the common cold, neck rigidity, carbuncles
Du 11. Shindo (Shendao): means pathway of spirit; treatment point for heart problems
Indication: Heart problems, poor memory, sadness, anxiety, palpitation, pain and stiffness of the
Du 12. Shinzhu (Shenzhu): means pillar of the body
Indication: seeing ghosts, mental illness, cough, asthma, bronchitis, tuberculosis, epilepsy, pain
and stiffness of the back
Du 13. Dodo (Taodao): means meeting place of the Du meridian with bladder channel
Indication: headache, dizziness, malaria, upper body paralysis, steaming bone disease, hysteria,
hypertension, stiffness of the spine
Du 14. Daechu (Dazhui): means Great vertebra, point of the sea of the qi
Indication: Neck pain and rigidity, malaria, febrile diseases, epilepsy, cough, asthma, common
cold, pneumonia, tuberculosis, pain in the shoulder and arms, hypertension
Du 15. Hakyung
Indication: Cervical disc, numbness of the hands and arms, shoulder pain, stiffness of the back of
the neck
Du 16. Jungkyung

Du 17. Sangkyung
Du 18. Amoon (Yamen): Du 15 on the body point; means gate of muteness
Indication: deaf and mute condition, mental disorders, epilepsy, sudden loss of voice, chronic
headaches, hysteria, nose bleeds
Du 19. Pungbu (fengfu): Du 16 on the body point; means palace of wind
Indication: Hemiplegia, neck rigidity, headache, vertigo, febrile disease, jaundice
Du 20. Nueho (Naohu): Du 17 on the body point; means door to the brain
Indication: Mental disorder, insomnia, headache, epilepsy, facial paralysis, swelling and pain in
the brain, otitis media

Lung Meridian

Herpa is the Korean word for the lungs: Her is the noise of breathing in and Pa is the noise
of the breathing out. "Herpa" is the place where the air comes in and out. Herpa (lung) is located
on the bilateral side of the heart and is protected by the ribs. The lungs total capacity in men is
3.6 to 9.4 L and 2.5 to 6.9 L in women. The lungs contain 300,000,000 alveoli and their
respiratory surface is about 70sq m. In adults, respirations are about 12 to 20 times per minute.4
The air capacity in deep breath is about 1800ml and air capacity for deep breathing out is about
1500ml. The function of the lungs is to bring air and blood into intimate contact with each other,
so that oxygen can be added to the blood and carbon dioxide removed from it.3 The lung
function in Oriental medicine is to breathe air in and out. Soom means breathing; this keeps
you moving and alive. Soom has to be hidden - if it is noticeable, then it is a problem. While
breathing in and out, a person makes a noise. This means that the condition will cause trouble or
will be in trouble in the near future. The lungs and the nose are connected. If a person likes to
breathe without noise, the nostrils should be open. Therefore if a person has a troubled condition
of the lungs, he has to fix the nose problem first. Breathing is divided into abdominal breathing,
chest breathing, shoulder breathing, and neck breathing. Most of the desirable breathing is
abdominal breathing. Children breathe through their abdomens then move to chest breathing as
they enter adulthood. Eventually, they use shoulder breathing when their body condition becomes
weak and then they move toward neck breathing when their condition becomes worse. They stop
breathing altogether at the end of their life. Abdominal breathing happens in childhood when they
are sleeping, and in a peaceful or joyful condition. This type of breathing helps the large intestines
move easily in order to defecate. It also moves water energy up and fire energy down to clear
the head and calms the mind. Humans stand up and walk, which cause two problems: one is back
pain and the other is a problem with the rectum. These problems do not exist in animals because
they walk in a half-rising position. To do abdominal breathing a person should have a half-rising
position, bend the knee position, raise the arm up and forward and the buttocks to a backward
position, or nose breathing to one side only, alternating the nostril.

Breathing occurs not only through the lungs but also through the skin. In the summertime, skin
pores are trying to remove heat from the body. In autumn, skin pores are closed to preserve heat
and therefore breathing through the skin is decreased; hence, this burdens the lungs. In autumn,
people catch colds more easily due to decreased skin breathing or weakening of skin breathing. In
contrast, when we catch cold, skin breathing is not easy and the lung becomes the most affected
organ. The same principle is true for people (especially the elderly) who have more instances of
asthma and colds during this season. It is often recommended for tuberculosis patients to go

walking in the mountains, have a cold-water massage, or sunbathe. A severe body burn victim
will die due to an inability to breathe through the skin. Heavy make-up destroys facial skin, and
may also cause red eyes or headaches because of a lack of facial skin breathing. Too much
clothing, too tight clothing, polyethylene, and nylon will also prevent the skin from breathing.
Second, the lungs control the qi, which means that energy is gained while breathing and eating.
The ancient people say that the qi cannot be established without blood and blood cannot move
without the qi. When the lungs are strong, the person is also strong; if the lungs have a problem,
the qi (energy) will be weak.
Third, the lungs make noise. The primary energy is from the kidneys; variations of the tone come
from the heart because the heart controls the tongue. The lungs have a voice because the lungs
contain air. When the lungs have a problem, the tone of the voice will be changed and the sound
of the voice will change to become unclear, husky, or harsh.
Fourth, the lungs control the skin. When the lung qi is strong, the skin has luster and good color;
in contrast, if the lung qi is not strong, the skin is dry, dull, and has no gloss. In a weak person, the
skin also has cold, sticky sweats and spontaneous sweating with movements. This is caused by
decreased wei qi. If a person has night sweats, they are caused by a deficiency of the ying blood.
Fifth, the lungs control all the joints. Both the lungs and heart control the qi and blood movements.
The qi is the force of the blood. The proper function of the lungs will produce the qi; hence, the
blood moves more smoothly in the body. Therefore, harmonized qi and blood in the body prevent
clogging in the joints.

The Lung and Other Matters

In the Five Element Theory, the lungs and large intestines are a pair - the lung is yin and large
intestine is yang. Metal represents the lung. The lungs husband is the large intestine, its
mother is the spleen, and its son is the kidney. The lung aggravates the liver and the heart
aggravates the lung. The lung governs the skin of the body and the nose on the face. The nose
protects the lungs by bringing warm air into the lungs; hair and mucosa filter dust and bacteria.
Lung problems appear in the nose: a person with a dry nose also has dry lungs. People who
suffer from sinusitis or rhinitis also have problems with their lungs.

Things the Lung Dislikes

The lung does not like dry or cold weather. When the coldness is strong, use heat to warm it up,
but be careful not to damage any fine hairs. At the same time, if the fine hair is damaged by heat,
use cold to repair the damage.
The lung holds the Hon (soul, spirit) and likes to have spicy and pungent food. Spicy or
pungent food help the lung to function: they go into the lung and help the air evaporate. People
with excess fat should consume spicy foods in order to sweat out waste products, but thin, dry
people should avoid spicy or pungent foods because they will make their condition worse. Too
much spicy or pungent food will make the liver function weak.
The color white represents the lung. Onions, garlic, radishes, pears, platycodon, and almonds (all
white-colored foods) enter the lung and boost the lung qi. When a person has a lung weakness, he
has pale, lusterless skin. The lungs like a fishy taste, so people who suffer for a long time with
lung disease will have a fishy odor emanating from their body. The characters of the lungs are
worry and sadness. The horse (animal), rice (grain), and peach (fruit) all belong to the lung. The
west direction and the numbers 4 and 9 also favor the lung. Saliva is produced in the mouth and
belongs to the spleen function. Swallowing saliva helps give luster to the lung, which is metal.

According to the Five Elements, saliva represents the earth. The earth (saliva) is produced and
helps the metal (lung). Ancient people believed that to keep swallowing saliva instead of spitting
it out would bring luster to the lungs, and would protect and maintain their health.

Diseases governed by the lung are: large intestine problems, lung problems, skin problems,
bronchial problems, nose problems, fatigue and shoulder problems.
Deficient lung symptoms: feeble breathing, low voice, chronic conditions, cold sweats, pale face,
lusterless skin, tuberculosis in the lungs, chronic gastritis, heat above and cold below with 5
center heat, and a pale tongue.
Substantial lung signs and symptoms: shortness of breath and coughing with minimal work,
fullness and dull pain in the chest and axillary areas. In severe cases, the neck will be swollen and
the person will not be able to lay down flat. Hoarseness of the voice, edema in the throat, yellow
sputum, and blood-tinged sputum, vomiting blood, frequent nose bleeds, severe shoulder pain,
and swelling in the lungs are other symptoms of lung problems.
Some foods that benefit the lungs are: Renshen, Wuweizi, Shashen, Jiegeng, Chenpi, Zexie,
Hodoren, Taoren, peaches, pears, millet, milk, egg whites, Chongbai, Dropwart, Yinxing,
radishes, Burdock root, Niubangzi, seaweed, mustard, etc.

Acupuncture Points on the Hand
L 1. Jungbu (Zhongfu): means that the lung meridian came into the middle; the meeting point of
the lung and spleen channel; and the front mu point of the lung
Indication: bronchitis, common cold, tuberculosis, enlarged thyroid, shoulder pain, heart problem,
swelling in the neck and pain
L 2. Yunmun (Yunmen): means cloud gate
Indication: tuberculosis, bronchitis, cough, shoulder pain, pain in the Adams apple, and fullness
in the chest
L 3. Chunbu (Tianfu): means palace of heaven
Indication: bronchitis, upper arm pain, asthma, nasal bleeding, hypertension
L 4.Hyupback (Xiabai): means clasping the white
Indication: cough, fullness in the chest, pain in the medial aspect of the upper arm
L 5. Chucktack (Chize): means swamp of the foot; He-sea point of the lung meridian
Indication: bronchitis, asthma, cough, hemoptysis, sore throat, fullness in the chest, infantile
convulsion, spasmodic pain of the elbow and arm, mastitis, low back pain, and difficult breathing
L 6. Gongche (Kongzui): means deepest hallow; Xi-Clept point of the lung meridian
Indication: Cough, pain in the chest, asthma
L 7. Yulkyeul (Lieque): Luo point;
Indication: headaches, migraines, tonsillitis, Bells palsy, hemiparesis, cough, asthma, sore throat,
forgetfulness, low back pain, facial edema, difficulty breathing, loss of strength in the wrist
L 8. Kyungger (Jingqu)
Indication: any problems of the lungs, asthma, low back pain, high fever without sweating, hiccup,
facial paralysis, chest pain, vomiting, stroke, acute bronchitis
L 9.Taiyun (Taiyuan): use for deficiency of the lungs
Indication: asthma, indigestion, nausea, cough, arthritis in the lower arm, conjunctivitis,
hemoptysis, insomnia, arthritis in the wrist, pain in the chest
L 10. Erjae (Yuji)
Indication: palpitations, cough, hemoptysis, chest pain and upper back pain, headaches, mastitis,
angina, tonsillitis.
L 11. Sosang (Shaoshang)
Indication: paralysis, nose bleeds, acute bronchitis, hoarseness, vomiting, jaundice, acute
childrens colitis, tonsillitis, fever with bronchitis and pneumonia

Large Intestine Meridian

The large intestine makes the stool. The large intestine has mobility if it becomes hard, which
means that it has problems. If the abdomen is hard to press and the patient complains of pain, this
indicates that the large intestine has an old stool. The best way to remove the old stool is not to eat
for awhile and then eat apples, carrots, and tofu. If the large intestine has a lot of heat, then the
stool will be hard. If it is cold, the stool will be soft or loose.
The stool should be at least bigger than three fingers together. If the stool is bigger or smaller than
three fingers, it indicates that there is a problem with the large intestine.
The stool color should be a yellowish-brown color; if the color is different, then the large intestine
has a problem. Sometimes people eat one kind of the food to change the color of the stool, but this
is not a wise choice. Stool color indicates some problems. For example, a dark red stool
indicates that there is some bleeding somewhere in the small intestine or large intestine. Red
blood indicates that there is bleeding near the rectum, a whitish color indicates cold in the

intestine, and blue color indicates fear, especially with children. Frightened children with blue-
colored stools have blue vessels on the index finger side of the thumb. If a person is bled from
the three knuckles, then the condition will be relieved. This is called sam guan bup (three
knuckle method).
The smell of a stool should not be rotten; if the odor is bad while you defecate, it means that you
have a problem in either the small intestine or large intestine. Floating stools mean that the
condition is good; other conditions like indigestion, constipation, and diarrhea indicate that a
person has problems with the stomach, small intestine, or that the large intestine function is not
Hard stools indicate that there is heat in the inside the large intestine and motilities. Loose stools
indicate that there is cold inside the large intestine and an inability to collect water from the stool.
Constipation comes with inside heat and diarrhea comes with inside cold. Ancient people treated
constipation by drinking cold rice wine and diarrhea was treated by eating warm foods. These
bowel patterns are not always correct but you may try these methods to treat bowel patterns. If
these methods do not solve the problem, then think about other causes if the problem becomes
severe (or that perhaps other diseases are combined with the bowel problems). Constipation is
usually caused by eating too many meat products or a low intake of high-fiber vegetables. Meats
produce toxins during digestion, inhibit the mobility of the intestines and cause constipation; leafy
vegetable fibers, on the other hand, promote the removal of waste products in the intestine. Also,
irregular mealtimes reduce the mobility of the bowel. Chemical additives and large amounts of
alcohol kill good bacteria in the intestines. High stress and high tension cause rigid bowels. All
of these will cause constipation. Walking and other exercises will promote intestinal mobility and
can prevent these problems. Drinking 200-300ml of cold water early in the morning before
breakfast and massaging the abdomen can also prevent constipation.
As a folk medicine, soak diced Daseema (kunbu) overnight with one cup of water and drink that
water in the morning. This can solve the problem quickly regardless of the season.
Why do people who binge have more constipation? In the spring, we cultivate food and we
harvest in the fall season. The gastro-intestinal system has rhythms that work like nature. When
we eat, our stomach works hard to digest the food and consumes five tastes. This is sent to the
small intestine and then rests. While the composed food is being transferred to the small
intestine, bile and other enzymes are secreted to help digestion by the small intestine. The
intestine works hard and takes out good nutrition to send to the liver and spleen. Other waste
products are sent to the large intestine and then it rests. The large intestine works hard to absorb
the water then waste products are sent out to make stool and then it rests. If food constantly comes
in without proper rest, the gastrointestinal system loses balance and becomes weak. This causes
constipation or loose stools.
Loose stools are caused by being cold inside and should be treated with warmth. If water cannot
go to the bladder because of diarrhea, then use herbal medicine such as a laxative or diuretics to
treat diarrhea. Some conditions have diarrhea with heat inside. In this case, the patient will ask for
cold water and complain of thirst.
If a person does not have a bowel movement, he or she does not have an appetite, has edema,
feels angry and will experience indigestion. The liver has to work very hard. The heart also has
difficulty, and the person has palpitations, chest discomfort, difficulty breathing, a weak pulse,
and a weak voice. The hands and feet qi and blood turn toward the abdomen and the person has
cold hands and feet. The lumbar spine #4-5 disc will be herniated and will cause back pain.
Furthermore, a constipated person will experience the heat and toxin of the stool which will go

upward in the body, causing the pulse of the neck to bounce, the neck and tonsils to swell, canker
sores in the mouth, thirst, nose bleeds, a blocked nose, red eyes, and headaches -especially in the
back of the head.

Helpful habits for a good bowel movement

1. Eat regularly and chew well before swallowing and enjoying meals.
2. If you are constipated, you should fast. Fasting will make the stomach and small intestine
empty with no jobs to do. The qi will be transferred to the large intestine and promote a bowel
The fetus in the mothers womb eats amnious fluids which become stools. These stools are called
mecomic. If they feed the baby with water for three days, the baby will have his or her first
stool (mecomic stool) 3-4 days after he or she the born. The first stool is very important for the
baby. The mothers milk also will be available for the baby 3-4 days after delivering the baby.
These are the laws of nature. If we ignore these phenomena and feed the baby cows milk, then
the qi has to go to the stomach to digest the milk instead of eliminating the stool. This causes the
baby not to be able to defecate the first stool. The baby will also catch cold easily, have
indigestion, and have a weak constitution.
3. Try not to have stress:
When a person has stress, qi will gather toward the head, so that the large intestine has a lack of qi.
This causes lack of movement of the large intestine which causes constipation.
4. Parents should insist that their children not read books or watch television while they eat
because it will cause indigestion. At the same time, they should recommend not to read books or
work right after meals because the qi goes to the stomach and digests the food. If you read or
work after eating, you will be sleepy and fatigued because the qi doesnt know where to go. So,
this builds good habits and ability in children.
5. Need for regular exercise:
Soccer, tennis, swimming, running, aerobics, mountain climbing, etc. are good exercises to
promote zang fu activities. Urban and working people should walk to one more bus station and
use stairs instead of the elevator or escalator. Indoor activities include: qi exercises, fish
exercises, abdominal breathing, walking on hands and feet, bending exercises, etc.
6. Eat seasonal foods and local produce:
In recent times, many people have had problems with food, especially with instant and processed
foods or irregular food intake. Drink one glass of water right after getting up in the morning, eat
soft or slippery foods instead of dry or rough foods and your bowel movements will be smoothe.
Kunbu, grapes, and sea cucumbers are good for constipation. Unripe persimmons, popcorn, and
oak tree nuts are not good for loose stools. To have a good bowel movement, vegetables are
better than meat. Swallowing 20 raw soy beans thirty minutes after meals will promote
intestinal motilities so that you will have better bowel movements.
7. Place and tape white coins on the palm:
Placing white-colored coins or pieces of aluminum on the center of the palm help the intestines as
part of reflection therapy and it replaces hand acupuncture on the hand.

Treatable Problems by the Large Intestine Meridian

The lungs and large intestines can produce all kinds of problems: digestive and neurological
problems, back pain, stomach, liver and heart problems, alcohol intoxication, drug abuse, insect
bites, nose problems, tooth aches (especially molar aches) and all kinds of toxic conditions.

Symptoms of Large Intestine Deficiency Condition
Symptoms of a deficiency condition are: borborigmus, loose stools with a whitish color, weak
abdomen, cold hands and feet, indigestion, loss of appetite, general body aches, dull abdominal
aches, fatigue, distended abdomen with pain upon pressing, constant diarrhea with tenesmus,
rectal prolapse, white tongue coatings, and clear urine with a long and weak stream
Large Intestine Substantiates Condition Symptoms
The lung heat is transferred to the large intestines. Constipation causes these symptoms:
abdominal pain that is painful to the touch, dry mouth with thirst and fever, nausea, constipation,
bad odor with defecations, edema in the rectum with pain, distended abdominal pain, talking
nonsense, dark or bloody urine, raised blood pressure, irritability, and insomnia.

Food Recommendations for the Large Intestine

Good foods for the large intestine include: pomegranate skin, dried steamed plums, Korean
barberry seeds, the white part of the green onion, cabbage, milk, sesame seed oil, mulberries,
rabbit meat, acorns, millet, persimmons, spinach, and apples

Acupuncture Points on the Hand
LI 1. Sangyang (Shangyang): sang means lung and is connected to the lung meridian needle
point of the yang meridian; Jing-well and Metal point of the large intestine channel
Indications: Glaucoma, ringing ears, ear problems, toothache, post nasal drip, stroke, pleural
effusion, pain in the shoulder and upper back
LI 2. Yegan (Erjian): second needle point of the large intestine; Ying spring and water point of
the large intestine channel
Indication: Tonsilitis, Bells palsy, toothache, shoulder pain, arthritis in the upper arm, constant
high fever, sty
LI 3. Samgan (Sanjian): third needle point of the large intestine; Shu-Stream and Wood point of
the large intestine
Indication: lower toothache, tonsillitis, shoulder and upper back pain, difficulty breathing,
malarial fever, diarrhea, sleepiness, asthma, dry mouth
LI 4. Hapgok (Hegu): back of the hand bone joins the Yuan point; release the wind, relax the
exterior of the body, release pain and use for anesthesia needle points. The anesthetic effect starts
in 15 minutes and peaks in 40-50 minutes.
Indication: headaches, nose bleeds, middle ear aches, ringing ears, toothaches, inability to open
mouth after stroke, Bells palsy, dysmenorrhea, lethargy, neuralgia of the scapula, insomnia, night
sweating, dimness of vision, swelling and pain of the eyes, emergency needle points of the
LI 5. Yanggae (Yangxi): jing river and fire point of the large intestine channel
Indication: headaches, conjunctivitis, ringing ears, tonsillitis, toothaches, wrist pain, hemi paresis,
cerebral hemorrhages, cerebral anemia, trigeminal neuralgia, indigestion in children, itching
LI 6. Pyunrhuck (Pianli): Luo point
Indication: Eye disorders, nose bleeding, ascites, toothaches, pain in the arm to the shoulder,
manic disorder, hemiparesis, and indigestion
LI 7. Onrhu (Wenliu): Xi-cleft point
Indication: headaches, swelling of the face, mouth sores, tonsillitis, pain in the shoulder to the
lower arm, gastric pain, hemiparesis, pain in the intestine, gum bleeding, swelling of the both
extremities, fever
LI 8. Harum (Xialian): Lower angle
Indication: headaches, head wind, dizziness, pain in the eye, tonsillitis, infection of the gums,
neuralgia of the upper arm, indigestion, abdominal pain, cystitis, bloody urination, tuberculosis,
indigestion, bronchitis, asthma, mastitis, abdominal distention, blood in the stool, disease of
the eyes
LI 9. Sang rum (Shanglian): upper angle
Indication: windstroke, headaches, upper body paralysis, toothaches, sciatica of the hips,
hemiparesis, asthma, cystitis
LI 10. Susamli (Shousanli): arm three miles
Indication: toothaches, hemiparesis, mumps, stroke, facial paralysis, mastitis, common cold,
arthritis in the elbows, hypertension, atropy disorder, contraction and inflexibilitu of the elbow,
lumbar pain with inability to lie down
LI 11. Gokji (Quchi): He-sea and Earth point
Indication: shoulder blade and shoulder pain, dysmenorrhea, stroke, tonsillitis, uncontrollable
high fever, conjunctivitis, sty, gastric cramps, arthritis on the wrist, hypertension, toothaches,
facial paralysis, diarrhea, urticaria, headaches

LI 12. Jurho (Zhouliao):
Indication: upper arm neuralgia, upper body paralysis, rheumatoid arthritis, eye disorders, fullness
and distension of the chest
LI 13. Suori (Shouwuli): arm five miles
Indication: vomiting blood, pneumonia, rheumatism, lower arm neuralgia, upper arm paralysis,
fear and fright, jaundice, and blurred vision
LI 14. Beeno (Binao): Meeting point of the large intestine, small intestine, and bladder channel
meeting point
Indication: stiff neck, neuralgia of the upper arm, stroke, headaches
LI 15. Jueonwu (Jianyu): Meeting point of the large intestine channel with yang motility vessel
Indication: upper arm neuralgia, hemiparesis, stroke, toothaches, headaches, toothaches, urticaria,
inability to raise the arm
LI 16. Jergol (Jugu):
Indication: pain in the back and arm, toothaches, convulsions in children, gastric bleeding, blood
stasis in the chest
LI 17. Chunjung (Tianding): heavens tripod
Indication: difficulty swallowing foods, tonsillitis, toothaches, difficulty breathing
LI 18. Budul (Futu): point of the window of heaven
Indication: cough, asthma, sudden loss of voice, painful obstruction of throat
LI 19. Yonghu
Indication: lockjaw, deviation of the mouth, nasal sores
LI 20. Hwarho (Kouheliao)
Indication: acute and chronic mumps, maxillary infection, trigeminal neuralgia, facial paralysis,
nasal bleed, other nose problems
LI 21. Younghang ( Yinxiang): Meeting point of the large intestine and stomach channel
Indication: nasal congestion, nose bleeds, facial paralysis, facial swelling and itching, loss of
sense of smell, asthma, rhinitis

Stomach Meridian
The function of the stomach is to digest the food that we consume. When the stomach function is
strong, our body becomes strong. The stomach is our bodys fundamental fu organ. Most of the
diseases can recover when the stomach function is there to support the bodys energy to fight back the
causes. If a patient has a chronic or complicated disease, the first thing we should do is to treat the
stomach. Even the best medicine cannot work without digestion; it may harm to the body instead of
benefiting it. Therefore, the stomach has to be treated so that the stomach can regenerate energy.

Acupuncture Points on the Hand
ST 1. Seungeup (Chengqi)
Indication: problems with eyes, tinnitus, problems with ears, dizziness, headaches
ST 2. Saback (Sibai)
Indication: conjunctivitis, Bells Palsy, headaches, dizziness, trigeminal neuralgia, speech
problem, maxillary infection, twitching of the eye lids, red eyes with itching and pain
ST 3.Gerrho (Juliao)
Indication: conjunctivitis, twitching of the eyelids, toothaches, maxillary infection, trigeminal
neuralgia, swelling of the lips and cheek, visual disturbances
ST 4. Zhichang ( Dicang)
Indication: twitching of the eyelids, Bells Palsy, night blindness, loss of speech due to stroke,
drooling of food and leaking of fluids out of the mouth, numbness of the lips and face, toothaches,
inability to close the eyes
ST 5. Hyupger (Jiache): ST 6 on the body point
Indication: Bells Palsy, hoarseness, trigeminal neuralgia, swelling of the cheek, stiffness and pain
of the neck, stroke, thyroids, difficulty in turning the neck
ST 6. Zungeum
ST 7. Yinyoung (Renying): point of the window of heaven, point of the sea of qi, meeting point of
the stomach and gall bladder channels
Indication: tonsillitis, hypertension, headaches, dizziness, fullness of the chest, spasms in the
stomach, thyroid, asthma, swelling of the neck, difficulty in breathing, sudden turmoil disorder
ST 8. Sudol ( Shuitu): ST 10 on the body point
Indication: tonsillitis, asthma, bronchitis, dyspnea, shortness of tbreath, swelling and pain of the
ST 9. Gulbun (Quepen): ST 12 on the body point; meeting point of the stomach, large intestine,
small intestine, sanjiao, and gall bladder channels
Indication: asthma, difficulty in breathing, tonsillitis, common cold, chills and fever with
sweating, edema, infection in the muscles around the neck
ST 10. Kobang (Kufang): ST 14 in the body point
Indication: fullness of the chest, bronchitis, pleural effusion, difficulty with breathing,
tuberculosis, hemoptysis, carditis, mastitis
ST 11. Okyae (Wuyi): ST 15 in the body point
Indication: difficulty breathing, pleural effusion, general body edema, breast pain and abscess,
distention and pain of the chest and lateral costal region
ST 12. Ungchang (Yingchuang): ST 16 in the body point
Indication: asthma, fullness of the chest and shortness of breath, colic pain, colitis, mastitis,
swelling of the lips
ST 13. Yujung (Ruzhong): ST 17 in the body point
Indication: pain of the chest and lateral coastal region, upper arm neuralgia, mastitis, lack of milk,
chest pain, indigestion, tension and pain in the upper front and back
ST 14. Yugun (Rugen): ST 18 in the body point
Indication: mastitis, lack of milk, tension and pain in the upper chest and costal neuralgia
ST 15. Buyong (Burong): ST 19 in the body point

Indication: gastritis, spastic pain in the stomach, nausea, prolapse of the stomach,vomiting blood,
asthma, distension of the abdomen, lack of appetite, pain in the upper chest and back
ST 16. Sungman (Chengman): ST 20 in the body point
Indication: abdominal distention, indigestion, diarrhea, jaundice, vomiting blood, peritonitis,
gastritis, colic pain in the abdomen, colitis, pain in the lower costal region
ST 17. Yangmun (Liangmen): ST 21 in the body point
Indication: gastritis, colitis, colic pain, poor appetite, diarrhea, pain in the lateral costal region,
fullness in the stomach,
ST 18. Guanmun (Guanmen): ST 22 in the body point
Indication: acute gastritis, poor appetite, indigestion, colitis, constipation, enuresis, beriberi,
periumbilical pain
ST 19. Taiul (Taiyi): ST 23 in the body point
Indication: gastric spasms, poor appetite, indigestion, colic pain, edema in the leg, enuresis,
angina, psychosis
ST 20. Hualukmun (Huaroumen): ST 24 in the body point
Indication: nausea, gastric spasms, stiffness of the tongue, infection in the tongue, rectal prolepses,
endometriosis, dysmenorrhea, disease of the stomach and large intestines
ST 21. Chunchu (Tianshu): ST 25 in the body point; front Mu point of the large intestine
Indication: chronic gastritis, nausea, persistent diarrhea, infertility, indigestion, constipation,
gastric prolapsed, colitis, colic pain, white leucorrhea, dysmenorrhea, endometriosis, bronchitis,
periumbilical pain
ST 22. Wainung (Wailing): ST 26 in the body point
Indication: severe abdominal pain, lower abdominal pain, gastritis, cold and pain in the lower
abdomen, colic pain, gastric prolapsed, scrotal pain
ST 23. Daeger (Daju): ST 27 in the body point
Indication: cystitis, colic pain, lead intoxication, loss of use of the four limbs, abdominal
distention, insomnia, swelling of the scrotum, seminal emission, irregular menstruation, difficult
ST 24. Sudo (Suidao): ST 28 in the body point
Indication: cystitis, infection in the scrotum, irregular menstruation, infection in the ovaries,
prolapsed rectum, distention in the abdomen, cold in the bladder and distention and fullness of the
lower abdomen, hypogastric pain in women extending to the genitals
ST 25. Guirae (Guilai): ST 29 in the body point
Indication: infection in the ovaries and scrotum, uterine disorder, amenorrhea, uterine masses,
uterine prolapse, swelling, pain and cold of the vagina, infertility, leucorrhea, cystitis, retraction
of the testicles, pain of the penis, impotence, nocturnal urination
ST 26. Kichung (Qichong): ST 30 in the body point
Indication: pain and swelling of the penis, pain of the testicles, retraction and pain of both
testicles, impotence, amenorrhea, infertility, low back pain, problems with reproductive system
ST 27. Biguan (Biguan): ST 31 in the body point
Indication: low back pain, cold painful obstruction of the knees, inability to extend and bend the
knee, lumbar pain, jaundice, numbness of the legs, pain of the thigh
ST 28. Bokto (Futu): ST 32 in the body point
Indication: coldness and pain of the knee, paralysis on the lower legs, weakness of the knee,
lumbar pain, headaches, gastritis, numbness and contraction of the muscles of the thigh
ST 29. Yanggu ( Liangqiu): ST 34 in the body point, Xi-cleft point

Indication: swelling and pain of the knee, difficulty in flexing and extending the knee, difficulty
in walking, painful obstruction with numbness, cold of the legs and feet, lumbar pain, acute
epigastric pain, acid regurgitation, breast abscess, pain and swelling of the breast
ST 30. Dokbi ( Dubi): ST 35 in the body point
Indication: swelling and pain of the knee joint, difficulty in flexing and extending the knee,
weakness of the knee joints, numbness of the knee, numbness of the lower extremities, atrophy
disorder of the lower limbs
ST 31. Joksamlee (Zusanli): ST 36 in the body point, He sea and earth point, point of the sea of
water and grain, Ma Danyang, the great physician of the Jin dynasty, among the eleven heavenly
star points
Indication: most vital acupuncture points, cold in the stomach, borborygmus and diarrhea,
swelling of the leg, pain of the knee, emaciation due to injury by cold and all parasitic diseases,
indigestion, hiccups, lumbar pain with inability to turn, belching, distention and pain of the
abdomen, fullness and distention of the heart and abdomen, heat in the middle jiao with
propensity for hunger, hunger without desire to eat, poor appetite, difficult indigestion
ST 32. Sanggerher (Shangjuxu): ST 37 in the body point, Lower he sea point of the large intestine,
Point of the sea of blood
Indication: deficiency and weakness of the spleen and stomach, diarrhea, low back pain,
indigestion, cutting pain of the stomach and large intestine, constipation, abdominal pain,
abdominal distention, periumbilical pain with inability to stand for long dark urine, hemiplegia,
numbness and painful obstruction of the lower limb, coldness and pain of the bone marrow,
weakness of the leg, contraction and pain of the front of the shin, swelling of the knee
ST 33. Hagerher (Xiajuxu): ST 39 in the body point;lower He-sea point of the small intestine,
point of the sea of blood
Indication: loss of appetite, carditis, gastric pain, diarrhea, mastitis, arthritis in the knee, heel pain,
atrophy and contraction of the lower limbs, lumbar pain that radiates to the testicles, extreme
sensation of cold and heat in the shoulder, heat sensation in the area between the ring and little
fingers, burning sensation in front of the ears
ST 34. Haejae (Jiexi): ST 41 in the body point; Jing-river and fire point of the stomach channel
Indication: swelling of the face and head, frontal headaches, pain in the eyebrow, redness of the
face and eyes, dizziness, pain in the mouth, biting of the tongue, abdominal distention,
constipation, spasms in the calf, arthritis in the ankle, tingling sensations from the knee to the feet,
seeing ghosts, swelling and pain of the ankle joint, foot dropping, atrophy disorder of the leg
ST 35. Chungyang (Chongyang): ST 42 in the body point, Yuan source point of the stomach
Indication: facial swelling, hemiparesis, deviation of the mouth and eye, toothaches, cutting pain
in the intestine, loss of appetite, swelling and redness of the dorsum of the foot, atrophy of the
foot and inability to walk
ST 36. Hapkok (Xiagu): ST 43 in the body point, Shu-Stream and Wood point of the stomach
Indication: edema, gastric pain, swelling and pain of the dorsum of the foot, difficulty in flexing
and extending the toes, high fever without sweating, ascitis, redness of the eyes, cold hands and
ST 37. Naejung ( Neiting): ST 44 in the body point, Ying-Spring and water point of the stomach
channel, Ma Danyang Heavenly Star point

Indication: toothaches, pain of the lower and upper teeth, pain of the eye, pain of the face,
deviation of the mouth and eye, nose bleed, tinnitus, thirst, swelling and pain of the dorsum of the
foot, cold hands and feet, constipation, diarrhea, distention of the lower abdomen
ST 38. Yertae (Lidui): ST 45 in the body point; Jing-Well and Metal point of the stomach channel
Indication: swelling of the face, nose bleeds, manic disorder, loss of consciousness, biting the lips
absent-mindedly, nasal discharge, cracked lips, febrile disease without sweating, indigestion, lack
of appetite, jaundice, cold in the lower limbs and feet, swelling and pain of the knee, hysteria,
excessive dreaming, easily frightened with desire to sleep, insomnia, sensation of cold in the shin

The Spleen Channel

The spleen dominates the muscles and the four limbs, providing vigor and bulk.
The point of view of the spleen in Oriental medicine is that the spleen has five principal functions:
1. The spleen dominates the transportation and transformation of the liquid and solid products of
digestion after they have been rotted and ripened by the stomach;
2. Spleen function is a product of the qi and blood; it controls the blood and dominates the first
stage of its formation; the spleen holds the blood in its proper place; it prevents hemorrhaging.
3. The spleen controls the opening into the mouth and dominates the sense of taste.
4. The spleen controls the raising of the qi to counteract sinking and prolapse.
5. The spleen is paired with the stomach, and in the Five Elements, it is the earth. The spleen
also represents nighttime (yin) and the stomach represents daytime (yang).
The spleen is in the middle of our body and it is called huangjung. The huang represents an earth
color, the color that falls in the middle of the spectrum. The jung represents the center of
everything. The father of the spleen is the stomach, the mother is the heart, and the son is the lung.
The spleen controls the kidney, and the liver controls the spleen. The spleen does not like
dampness or humidity. If a body has unnecessary humidity or dampness, then the spleen cannot
function properly. (This is similar to an uncomfortable feeling with humidity, rain, or cloudy
weather.) People are easily injured when they stay in a humid condition for a long time. The
spleen controls the mouth and lips in the face, flesh and muscle in the body.
The spleen likes sweetness, singing voices, and constant thinking. When the spleen is strong in a
person, he has a good appetite; when the spleen is weak, the person loses his appetite. When a
person loses his appetite, tonifying the spleen becomes very important. Sweet tastes help the
spleen, support nutrition, and detoxify the toxin. If a patient with spleen deficiency condition
experiences carsickness, we should give him sweet things to relieve it. The spleen controls
muscles so if you eat too much food, you will gain weight. With an alcohol intoxication condition,
the liver is overloaded and the spleen is deficient; therefore, drinking honey water helps the
spleen to overcome the condition. If we consume too many sweets, then the kidney function
becomes weak and leads to weak stamina. The spleen season is late summer, the color is yellow,
the smell is sweet, the personality is trust, the numbers are 5 or 10, the grains are rice and millet,
the house animal is cow, the fruit is date, and the vegetable is hollyhock. The spleen takes care of
the spleen and stomach problems, indigestion, diabetes, obesity, problems of the arms and legs,
and nausea.
Spleen deficiency condition
This is a condition of the spleen that involves disharmony of the yin and yang, deficiency of the qi
and blood, poorly controlled nutrition, emotion, overwork, or chronic long-term illness.

Spleen Excess Condition
This condition is caused by excess food intake so that the patient has a distended abdomen,
lassitude, weak qi, feelings of heaviness, fullness of the chest, coldness inside, overeating,
oversleeping, weak arms and legs, and the patient is prone to having arthritis or neuralgia. The
lips are swollen, the skin color is yellowish, the tongue coatings are thick and greasy, there is
fullness of the epigastric area, the person gets indigestion easily and has a good appetite but
becomes full very easily, has difficulty urinating and defecating, and experiences general body
Good Foods for the Spleen
Good foods for the spleen include: tangerine peel, lamb, dates, persimmon soup, maiya, millet,
old rice, sweet rice, honey, beef, garlic, yiyiren, Persian carp, and dog meat.

Acupuncture Points on the Hand
SP 1. Eunback (Yinbai): Jingwell and wood point of the spleen channel, Sun Si- Miao Ghost point
Indication: gastric spasms, indigestion, acute colitis, nausea, acute diarrhea, nose bleeds,
menorrhagia, peritonitis, cold feet, childrens convulsion, loss of consciousness
SP 2. Daido ( Dadu): Ying-spring and fire point of the spleen channel
Indication: gastric pain, indigestion, nausea, low back pain, dizziness, acute diarrhea, fatigue,
spasms in the abdominal muscles, cold hands and feet, disorders of the big toe, heat sensation in
the soles of the feet
SP 3. Taeback (Taibai): Shu-stream, yuan-source, and Earth point of the spleen channel
Indication: Indigestion, nausea, diarrhea, colitis, low back pain, insomnia, hysteria, cutting pain in
the abdomen, distention and pain of the epigastrium and heart, distention of the chest and internal
costal region, hunger with no pleasure in eating, sudden turmoil disorder with hand and feet
counter-flow cold
SP 4. Gongson (Gongsun): Luo connecting point of the spleen channel, confluent points of the
penetrating vessel
Indication: gastritis, nausea, lost appetite, abdominal distention, cutting pain of the intestine, pain
of the heel, heat in the soles of the feet, rectal prolapse, dysenteric disorder, diarrhea, pleural
effusion, psychosis, jaundice, insomnia, manic depression , gall bladder deficiency, infertility,
irregular menstruation, gynecological disorders, retention of the placenta and leucorrhea
SP 5. Sanggu (Shangqiu): Jing-river and metal point of the spleen channel
Indication: spleen deficiency, abdominal distention, jaundice, gastric pain, gastric prolapse,
nausea and vomiting, indigestion, constipation, hemorrhoids, arthritis in the ankles, children with
convulsion or epilepsy, tuberculosis, spasms in the calf muscle, nightmares
SP 6. Samumguo (Sanyinjiao): Meeting point of the spleen, liver and kidney channels
Indication: deficiency of the stomach and spleen, heavy body with heaviness of the four limbs,
edema, abdominal distention, diarrhea, unbearable pain below the umbilicus, pain in the testicles
and contraction, infertility, menorrhagia, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, pain in the genitals,
insomnia, tinnitus, dizziness, blurred vision, hemiplegia, arthritis in the legs and ankles
SP 7. Nugok (Lougu)
Indication: abodminal fullness and distention, colitis, thirst, neuralgia of the leg and arthritis,
spasm in the calf muscles, arthritis in the ankles, difficult urination, angina
SP 8. Giji (Diji): Xi cleft point of the spleen
Indication: gastric pain and spasm, loss of appetite, colitis, severe general body edema, difficulty
urinating, dysmenorrhea, abdominal masses in women, diarrhea, leucorrhea, lumbar pain, uterine
bleeding, insufficiency of essence
SP 9. Umlungchun (Yinlingquan): He-sea and water point of the spleen channel
Indication: abdominal distention, womens diseases, urinary dysfunctions, cystitis, insomnia,
arthritis in the knee, endometriosis, menopausal syndrome, hypertension, pain in the genitals,
edema, swelling of the lower limbs, lumbar pain
SP 10. Hulhae (Xuehai): Sea of the blood
Indication: irregular menstruation, leucorrhea, endometriosis, amenorrhea, uterine bleeding,
ulceration and itching of the scrotum, pain and itching of the genitals, urticaria eczema, erysipelas,
herpes zoster, painful hot sores, gastric pain, parasite problems, pain in the inner thigh
SP 11. Kimun (Jimen)

Indication: difficulty urinating, pain and swelling in the genitals, painful urinary dysfunction,
endometriosis, testicle infection, syphilis, hemorrhoids
SP 12. Hachungmun
SP 13. Chungmun (Chongmen): Sp 12 in the body point, meeting point of the spleen and liver
channels with yin linking vessel
Indication: cutting pain in the lower abdomen, endometriosis, uterine pain and uterine bleeding,
abdominal masses, gastric pain, fetal qi rushing upward to the heart leading to difficulty in
SP 14. Busa (Fushe): Sp 13 in the body point; meeting point of the spleen and liver channels with
the yin linking vessel
Indication: Reflection point for appendicitis and treatment point, painful abdominal masses, pain
of the lateral costal region, colitis, constipation, and lead intoxication
SP 15. Bokjul (Fujie): Sp 14 in the body point
Indication: periumbilical pain, diarrhea, dysenteric disorder, abdominal distention and
SP 16. Daehueng (Daheng): SP 15 in the body point, meeting point of the spleen channel with yin
linking vessel
Indication: Acute and chronic diarrhea, habitual constipation, inability to raise and move the four
limbs, sweating too much, and parasite disorder
SP 17. Bokae (Fuai): Sp 16 in the body point, meeting point of the spleen channel with yin
linking vessel
Indication: gastric ulcer, indigestion, liver disease, constipation, gall stones, diarrhea, blood and
pus in the stool
SP 18. Depo (Dabao): SP 21 in the body point, Great luo connecting point of the spleen
Indication: Pain in the whole body, pain distention and fullness in the chest and lateral costal
region, asthma, pleural effusion, pneumonia, pericarditis, and indigestion

The Heart Channel

The heart is the house of the spirit; it regulates and calms the spirit. According to the Spiritual
Pivot, the heart controls the vessels; the vessels are the residence of the spirit. The Essential
question says: The heart stores the spirit.
The question is: What energy makes the heart move the blood and the whole body?
The heart cannot supply blood for the whole body itself. The heart needs support from the
muscles and activity of our body. When we stand up for a long time without moving, then we fall
down because the blood cannot go up to the brain. However, when we walk, the movement of the
muscles and veins cause a pumping action and allows the blood to go upward to the brain. In
Oriental Medicine, wood produces fire and wood (muscle) and makes fire (blood, heart). For
example, if a person has cramping in the legs, then rotating the ankles will release the symptom.
When a person suddenly loses consciousness, he should prick the end of his fingers or toes and let
them bleed a little bit so that the person may recover consciousness.

The Relationship with the Heart and Other Matters

The heart and small intestine make a pair and are represented as fire. The heart is called the
water lily bulb, the hearts husband is the small intestine, the mother is the liver, and the son is
the spleen. The heart controls the lungs and the kidney controls the heart.

Things That the Heart Does Not Like
The heart does not like heat because heat damages the qi. In case of a heat condition, the heart
needs to use cold to reduce the heat. Sometimes a person ruptures a blood vessel in the brain due
to a sudden emotional upset. Also, a constipated patient might struggle to have a bowel movement
and the heat goes up to the heart and raises the heart rate or ruptures a blood vessel in the brain.
One way to solve these problems is to prick the finger tips and let the drops of blood come out, or
to stand in a half-way up position, or lie down on the floor and hold up the hands and feet and
shake them for a few minutes.
If a patient with hypertension has sudden high blood pressure, he loses consciousness. It means
that risen heat in the brain cannot go back down to the heart; therefore, that patient collapses to
the floor putting her head and heart on the same level. Then the heart will try to recover the
problem. When an epilepsy patient loses consciousness and shakes his extremities and body
after an attack, he is also using the same principle of trying to move blood and restore balance.
While an epilepsy patient is shaking, do not restrain him, but protect him from the environment so
that he will not get injured. He can continue to shake and then he will recover. But if you restrain
the patient, do not shake him because he may die if the blood cannot move due to being held back.
The heart contains the spirit (shin). A strong heart will maintain a clear mind and clear brain.
When the heart has problems, a patient will have difficulty making clear decisions or he will have
a wandering mind. Just taking his pulse can detect a persons health (pulse diagnosis) because the
heart controls the vessels. Heart energy appears on the tongue: a reddish-pink tongue is healthy,
a deep red tongue means that there is heat in the heart, and a pale pink tongue means blood
deficiency or lack of the heart qi.
The heart taste is bitter, the odor is charred, the color is red, the direction is south, the numbers are
2 and 7, the personality is order, the voice is laughing, the intention is joy, the resin is sweat, the
grain is barley or millet, the domestic animal is goat or horse, the fruit is gingko nut, or a bitter-
tasting vegetable like chive, lettuce, dandelion, mugwort, and motherwort. The bitter taste
protects the heart, prevents palpitations, promotes nausea and vomiting, and dissolves oil.
However, if a person eats bitter-tasting vegetables too often, the heat in the heart is excessive and
dries up the kidney essence causing damage to the kidney-controlling organs such as the brain,
bone marrow, and bone. If a person has weak bones and a deficiency condition, he or she should
not eat too many bitter-tasting vegetables. Also, too many bitter-tasting vegetables may damage
the lungs. Long-time suffering with a heart condition has a fire odor. The red meat from a
watermelon will reduce the heat of the heart and red renshen will protect the heart. A person with
a weak heart condition should eat red-colored vegetables like carrots, red renshen, grapes, red
pepper, and red dates. The heart direction is south, and the summertime hot wind blows from
the south, so the person who has hypertension should avoid putting his head in the direction of the
south while he/she sleeps. Laughing will help the heart to move the blood smoothly and make a
glowing, flushed face. A person who has sweaty palms and feet has this because of a deficiency
of the heart qi and non-smooth blood movement. The process of sweating helps to expel the waste
products through perspiration. Athletes foot is caused by the same principle.
Heart-related Problems
Some heart-related problems include: problems with the heart and small intestines, circulating
problems, hypertension, hypotension, psychosis, bleeding disorders, profuse perspiration, pain in
the hands and heat sensation, pain in the medial side of the arm.

Heart-deficiency Symptoms
Heart-deficiency symptoms are: palpitation, anxiety and nervousness, fear, too much dreaming,
nocturnal urination, seminal emission, and cold hands and feet, easily succumbing to frostbite,
bruising easily, forgetfulness, depression, hypotension with cold sweating, tremors in the hand,
tremors of the head, pale face, pale lips, blurred vision, weakened hearing ability, apnea, and
Heart-excess Symptoms
Heart- excess symptoms are as following: distention and fullness of the chest, agitation due to
too much heat in the body, insomnia, laughing frequently, imagination and talking nonsense
frequently, hypertension with stiffness of the neck, difficult breathing, red face and thirst,
concentrated urine, and in the severest case, the patient will have bloody urine
Good Foods For the Heart
These foods are good for the heart: apricots, eggs, red beans, grapes, carrots, peppers, red dates,
water melons, pumpkins, green beans, etc.

Acupuncture Points on the Hand
H 1. Gukchun (Jiquan):
Indication: Chest pain, inter costal pain, dry nausea and vomiting, odor from the body, elbow pain
and coldness, hysteria, and thirst
H 2. Chungryung (Qingling):
Indication: Headaches, pain in the lateral costal region, inability to raise the arm, jaundice,
intermittent fever
H 3. Sohae ( Shaohai): He-sea and water point of the heart channel
Indication: hypertension, chest discomfort, nausea and vomiting, headaches, dizziness, pain in the
axillary, fatigue, forgetfulness, swelling and pain of the elbow joint
H 4. Youngdo (Lingdao): Jing-river and metal point of the heart channel
Indication: hysteria, chest pain, sudden loss of voice, contraction of the elbow and arm, arthritis of
the wrist,
H 5. Tongli (Tongli): Luo-connecting point of the heart channel, Ma Dan-yang Heavenly star
Indication: red face without sweating, heart palpitation, headaches, sudden loss of voice and stiff
tongue, stuttering, head wind, dizziness, menorrhagia, profuse uterine bleeding, pain and
heaviness of the wrist and elbow, contraction of the fingers, paralysis of the four limbs
H 6. Umguk (Yinxi): Xi-cleft of the heart channel
Indication: chest pain, palpitation, fright palpitation, dizziness, headaches, nose bleeds, vomiting
blood, arthritis of the arm
H 7. Shinmun (Shenmen): Shu-stream, yuan-source point and Earth point of the heart channel
Indication: insomnia, poor memory, epilepsy, dementia, chest pain, palpitations, pain of the
lateral costal region, red face, heat of the palm, shortness of breath
H 8. Sobu (Shaifu): Ying-spring and fire point of the heart channel
Indication: palpitations, angina, stroke, excessive sighing, globus hystericus, agitation, epilepsy,
itchy genital area, prolapse of the uterus, chronic malaria, cold shivering, stiffness of the tongue,
contraction of the little finger or hand, contraction of the elbow and axilla
H 9. Sochung (Shaochong): Jing-well and wood point of the heart channel
Indication: chest pain, loss of consciousness from the wind stroke, heat in the mouth, pain of the
eyes, red eyes, palpitation, fright palpitation, pericarditis, conjunctivitis, jaundice, sore throat,
swollen tongue, dry throat and thirst

Small Intestine Meridian

The small intestine receives food, moves and mixes it with digestive enzymes, and also
transforms and separates fluids.
The small intestine is paired with the heart and its character is fire. When the heart is
overburdened, the urine color will be a dark yellow and the patient will have difficulty urinating.
This is how the heart is related to the small intestine, the bladder and the kidney as one channel.

Treatable Problems with the Small Intestine Channel

The following are some treatable problems: heart and small intestine problems, lower abdominal
problems, uterus problems, Du meridian problems, arthritis, pain in the facial cheek, shoulder
pain, low back pain, contracting and pulling pain in the testicles.

Small Intestine Deficiency Symptoms
Symptoms are: lower abdominal pain, clear urine, frequent urination, diarrhea

Small intestine excess symptoms

These symptoms are: periumbilical area pain, Ren meridian pain along the umbilicus, spinal
back pain with stiff neck, frequent urination but general edema, stiff back pain, and canker sores
in the mouth or the tongue
Good Foods for the Small Intestine
Good food for the small intestine are: fern, black beans, cooked hollyhock

Acupuncture Points on the Hand
SI 1. Sotaek (Shaoze): Jing-well and metal point of the small intestine channel
Indication: headaches, stiff neck and tongue, loss of consciousness from wind stroke, heart attacks,
absence of lactation
SI 2. Jeongok (Qiangu): Ying-spring and Water point of the small intestine channel
Indication: headaches, stiff neck pain, tonsillitis, vomiting blood, tinnitus, hiccup, pain and
inability to raise the arm, wrist pain, heat of the palms, heat and pain of the little finger, itching
and numbness of the fingers, post-partum absence of lactation, lack of milk, malaria, nose bleeds
SI 3. Hugae (Houxi): Shu-Stream and Wood point of the small intestinal channel, Confluent point
of the governing vessel
Indication: stiffness and pain in the neck, difficulty in turning the neck, night sweating,
rheumatism, pain of the back and shoulder, pain of the shoulder, elbow, and arm, contraction of
the elbow, contraction and pain of the fingers, pain of the lumbar region and knees, hemiplegia,
sold shivering, tinnitus, superficial visual obstruction, redness and pain of the eyes, swelling of
the eyes with lacrimation, nose bleed, toothache, swelling of the throat and cheek, loss of voice
following windstroke
SI 4. Wangol (Wangu): Yuan-source point of the small intestine channel
Indication: headaches, tinnitus, lacrimation, jaundice, febrile disease without sweating, weakness
and pain of the wrist
SI 5. Yanggok (Yanggu): Jing-river and fire point of the small intestine channel
Indication: tinnitus, ear problems, tongue thrusting, upper and lower gum pain, pain of the wrist
and hand, pain of the arm, shoulder pain with inability to dress oneself, painful hemorrhoids,
febrile disease without sweating, lack jaw, stiffness of the tongue in babies which prevents
sucking, redness, swelling and pain of the eye
SI 6. JiJung (ZhiZheng): SI 7 in the body point; Luo-connecting point of the small intestine
Indication: visual dizziness, tonsillitis, febrile disease without sweating, mania, headache, fear
and fright, sadness and anxiety, restlessness, sties, warts, tremors, stiffness of the neck,
contraction of the elbow, slackness of the joints and inability to move the elbow, severe pain of all
the fingers, inability to grip firmly, and inability to make a fist
SI 7. Sohae (Xiaohai): SI 8 in the body point; He-sea and Earth point of the small intestine
Indication: swelling and pain of the throat, swelling of the cheeks, swelling of the gums, swelling
and pain of the elbow and axilla, toothaches, tooth decay, headaches, pain in the neck pain the
radiating down to the elbow, pain of the scapula, pain of the postero-lateral aspect of the shoulder,
pain of the upper arm and elbow, tongue thrusting, clonic spasm, agitation of the heart, mania,
lumbar pain, agitation, and yellow eyes
SI 8. JianJung (Jianzhen): SI 9 in the body point
Indication: tinnitus, ringing ears, headaches, pain of the shoulder and upper arm, inability to raise
the arm, pain of the scapula, heat sensation and pain of the supraclavicular fossa, wind painful
obstruction, and numbness with inability to raise the hand and feet

SI 9. Noyu (Naoshu): SI 10 in the body point; meeting point of the small intestine and bladder
channels with the Yang linking and Yang motility vessels
Indication: pain and swelling of the shoulder that radiates to the scapula, weakness and pain of the
arm and shoulder, inability to raise the shoulder, and hemiparesis
SI 10. Chunzhong (Tianzong): SI 11 in the body point
Indication: heaviness and pain of the shoulder, upper arm pain and numbness, inability to raise the
shoulder, pain in the elbow, fullness of the chest, pain and swelling of the breast, breast abscess,
insufficient lactation, and hemiparesis
SI 11. Kyunweiyoo ( Jianwaishu): SI 14 in the body point
Indication: pain in the shoulder and scapula with cold sensation extending to the elbow, stiff neck,
hemiparesis, muscle contraction, pneumonia, pleural effusion, and nervous breakdown
SI 12. Kyunzungyoo (Jianzhongzhu): SI 15 in the body point
Indication: cough, pain in the shoulder and scapula, difficulty breathing, slight hemoptysis
(spitting blood), losing vision, and bronchitis
SI 13. Chunchang (Tianchuang): SI 16 in the body point
Point of the Window of Heaven
Indication: ear problems, tinnitis, difficulty breathing, sudden
apnea, tonsillitis, and gingivitis, spasms in the mandible area
SI 14. Chunyong (Tianrong) SI 17 in the body point
Point of the Window of Heaven
Indication: problems with the ear, tinnitus, difficulty breathing, stiff neck, gingivitis, nausea and
SI 15. Guanrhu (Quanliao) SI 18 in the body point
Meeting point of the Small Intestine and Sanjiao channels
Indication: Bells Palsy, upper teeth pain, trigeminal neuralgia, and swelling of the cheeks
SI 16. Chungkung (Tinggong) SI 19 in the body point
Meeting point of the Small Intestine, Sanjiao and Gall Bladder channels
Indication: ear problems, tinnitus, Bells Palsy, forgetfulness, headaches, and hemiparesis

Bladder Channel
The word bladder means island in the sea. When the body has all the moisture circulating
around it and the moisture is filling up the bladder, at a certain point, the nerve is stimulated and
gives a signal to the bladder to empty itself. In our body system, we only need a certain amount
of humidity. Some of the leftover humidity is eliminated through sweating and the other through
urination. In the summertime, we sweat a lot and therefore do not urinate a lot. The opposite is
true in the wintertime.
The Bladder Channel is a measuring point of our health. The Bladder Channel is paired with
the kidney and the character is water. In the face, it is represented in the eye (water). In our body
system, eating and breathing are important but at the same time urination and bowel movements
are very important. The measure of how people urinate and have bowel movements indicates the
level of their health. Men have more problems with the bladders and women have more
problems with the uterus. In the man, the urine stream must be strong and in the woman, the
menstruation should be regular.

Diseases Taken Care of by the Bladder
These diseases are taken care of by the bladder: frequent or difficult urination, bubbles in the
urine, foul-smelling urine, blood in the urine
The Bladder Channel starts from the eyes, so it takes care of all of the eye problems, occipital
headaches and psychiatric problems. Also the Bladder Channel contains 6 zang and 6 fu shu
points which take care of the Zangfu problems. It takes care of the back, cold body, fever, low
back pain, posterior part of the leg, bladder, and kidney problems as well.
Bladder-deficiency Symptoms
Some symptoms of bladder deficiency are: frequent urination with clear urine or difficulty with
urination, edema in the body, incontinence, hypotension
Bladder-excess symptoms
Bladder-excess symptoms are: difficulty with urination, spasms in the perineal area, tearing pain
in the calf, hot feeling and pain during urination, pus or blood in the urine, dark-yellow urine,
turbid urine, kidney stones, chills in general in the body and hypertension, sciatica, pain in the
baby toenail, feelings of tightness in the lower abdomen, red eyes with pain
Food that is good for the bladder
The following food is good for the bladder: seeds of the hollyhock, unripe tangerine peels, pork,
seaweed (kunbu), raw fish, watermelons, pumpkins, snails

Acupuncture Points on the Hand
B1 Jungmyung (Jinming): BL 1
Meeting point of the Bladder, Small Intestine, Stomach, Gall Bladder and Sanjiao channels with
the Governing, Yin Motility and Yang Motility vessels
Indication: eye diseases, red eyes, conjunctivitis, cataracts, itching eyelids, night blindness,
tearing, atrophy of the optic nerve
B2 Chanjuk (Zanzhu): BL 2
Indication: headaches, swollen face with pain, night blindness, eye problems, conjunctivitis,
tearing, dizziness, red eyes with itching, tremors of the eyelids, sties, and psychosis
B 3. Meecung (Meichong)
Indication: psychosis, dizziness, nausea and vomiting, nasal congestion, cardiac disease, fever
originated from the brain disease, nose bleed, and runny nose
B 4. Sunggwang (Chengguang): B 6 in the body point
Indication: headaches, nausea and vomiting, common cold, heart disease, nose bleed, copious
clear nasal discharge
B 5. Okchim (Yuzhen): B9 in the body point
Indication: headaches, dizziness, short sightedness, cold hand with copious sweating, red face,
bone pain with chills and fever
B 6. Chunchoo (Tianzhu): B 10 in the body point; Point of the window of heaven
Indication: headaches, heaviness of the head and neck, dizziness, inability of the legs to support
the body, stiffness of the neck with inability to turn the head, pain of the shoulder and back,
bursting eye pain, redness of the eyes, blurred vision, swelling of the throat with difficulty in
speaking, nasal congestion, loss of sense of smell, febrile disease with absence of sweating,
seeing ghosts, epilepsy, and childhood epilepsy
B 7. Daijuh (Dazhu): B 11 in the body point; Meeting point of the bladder, small intestine, sanjiao
and gall bladder channels and the governing vessel, Hui-meeting point of bones point of the sea of
blood 1
Indication: stiff neck and spine, lumbar pain, stiffness and pain in the knee, fever, cold shivers
without sweating, malaria, headaches, bursting headaches, blurred vision, collapsing, fullness of
the chest, and painful throat obstruction
B 8. Pungmun (Fengmen): B 12 in the body point; meeting point of the bladder channel with
governing vessel 1
Indication: cough, bronchitis, general body fever and cold shivering, dislike of wind and cold,
headaches, neck and head rigidity due to common cold, pain in the back, palpitations,
carbuncles of the back, shoulder pain, hypertension, and difficulty speaking
B 9. Feiyoo (Feishu): B 13 in the body point, back shu point of the lung
Indication: tuberculosis, hemoptysis, asthma, bronchitis, night sweating, turtle back in children,
fullness of the chest and shortness of breath, nausea and vomiting, hiccups, heart attacks, jaundice,
skin diseasse, wasting and thirsting disorders, and dryness of the mouth and tongue
B 10. Gualumyoo (Jueyinshu): B 14 in the body point, Back-shu point of the pericardium
Indication: cough, chest pain, nausea and vomiting, heart disease, toothaches, and restlessness
B 11. Simyoo (Xinshu): B 15 in the body point; Back-shu point of the heart
Indication: heart deficiency, palpitations, irregular pulse, lack of strength in the root of the tongue,
hemiplegia, insomnia, excessive dreaming, and disorientation
B 12. Dokyoo (Du-shu): B 16 in the body point; Du-shu (Governer-shu)

Indication: heart disease, endocarditis, stomach pain, fever without sweating, and night sweating
B 13. Gyukyoo (Geshu): B 17 in the body point, Hui-meeting point of blood 1
Indication: stomach pain, fullness of the abdomen and lateral costal region, carditis, enlarged
heart, indigestion, vomiting, stomach reflux, inability to eat, diabetes, night sweating, tuberculosis
in the lympnodes, coughing blood, dizziness, fever without sweating, pain of the whole body,
and all blood diseases
B 14. Ganyoo (Ganshu): B 18 in the body point; Back-shu point of the liver
Indication: jaundice, hepatitis, hypogastric fullness and pain, lower abdominal pain, abdominal
masses, shortness of breath, coughing blood, blurred vision, lacrimation, insomnia, and chronic
gastritice, rigidity of the neck and spine, pain of the spine, lumbar pain, pain of the sinews in the
lower legs and cramps, and tetany
B 15. Damyoo (Danshu): B 19 in the body point; back-shu point of the gall bladder
Indication: distention and pain of the chest and lateral costal region with inability to turn,
vomiting difficult digestion, bitter taste in the mouth with dry tongue, jaundice, swelling of the
axilla, headaches, cholecystitis, and hepatitis
B 16. Beeyoo (Pishu): B 20 in the body point; Back-shu point of the spleen
Indication: distention and pain of the abdomen, clonic spasms, gastric prolapse, diarrhea, nausea
and vomiting, lack of appetite, stenosis of the esophagus, jaundice, chronic hemorrhages, uterine
prolapse, edema, somnolence, childhood nutritional impairment, dysenteric disorders, lassitude
and heaviness of the body with no desire to move, no desire to move the four limbs
B17. Yeeyoo (Weishu): B 21in the body point; Back-shu point of the stomach,
Indication: gastritis, night blindness, cold and weak stomach, epigastric pain, enlarged liver and
edema, hunger with an inability to eat, difficult indigestion, childhood nutritional disorder,
regurgitation of milk in children, contraction and pain of the back, jaundice, long-term abdominal
masses, dimness of vision
B 18. Samchoyoo (Sanjiaoshu): B 22 in the body point; Back-shu point of the Sanjiao,
Indication: Borborygmus, abdominal distention, nausea and vomiting, dysenteric disorder,
esophageal constriction, difficult indigestion, abdominal masses and emaciation in women, large
and hard hypogastric masses, difficult urination, turbid urine, blood in the urine, dizziness,
nephritis, alternating fever and chills, stiffness and pain of the lumbar spine, inflexibility and
stiffness of the shoulder and back
B 19. Shinyoo (Shenshu): B 23 in the body point; Back-shu point of the kidneys,
Indication: edema, difficult urination, frequent urination, dripping urination, wasting and thirsting
disorder with frequent urination, blood in the urine, dysmenorrheal, chronic colitis, deafness,
tinnitus, redness of the head and body, yellow-black complexion, nephritis, pain and soreness of
the lumbar region and knees, icy-cold sensation of the lumbar region, cold legs, hot and cold
sensation of the bones, hemiplegia, and wind stroke
B 20. Daijangyoo ( Dachangshu): B 25 in the body point; Back-shu point of the large intestine,
Indication: blood in the stool, appendicitis, constipation, low back pain, severe diarrhea,
dysenteric disorder, intestinal abscess, prolapse of the rectum, diabetes mellitus, endometriosis,
leucorrhea, hemorrhoids, nephritis, acute and chronic colitis
B 21. Guanwuanyoo ( Guanyuanshu): B 26 in the body point; Gater of origin-shu,
Indication: lumbar pain, abdominal distension, deficiency distention, abdominal masses in women,
diarrhea, constipation, frequent urination, difficult urination, diabetes mellitus
B 22. SoJangyoo ( Xiaochangshu): B 27 in the body point; Back-shu point of the small intestine

Indication: diarrhea, dysenteric disorder, difficult urination, enuresis, retention of urine, blood in
the urine, leucorrhea, seminal emission, diabetes mellitus, agitation of the heart with shortness of
breath, swollen feet
B 23. Bangguangyoo (Pangguangshu): B 28 in the body point; Back-shu point of the bladder
Indication: cystitis, itching and swelling of the perineal area, painful urination, genital ulceration,
diarrhea, constipation, abdominal pain, stiffness and pain of the sacrum and coccyx, stiffness and
pain of the lumbar spine that radiates to the hypogastrium, diabetes mellitus
B 24. Jungryeyoo (Zhonglushu): B 29 in the body point; mid point of the spine
Indication: Stiffness and pain of the lumbar spine, constipation, diarrhea, dysenteric disorder,
abdominal distention, pain of the lateral costal region, diabetes mellitus
B 25. Baikhuanyoo (Baihuanshu): B 30 in the body point; White ring shu
Indication: Endometriosis, leucorrhea, sharp lower abdominal pain, lumbar pain due to cold, pain
of the lumbar region and hip, difficulty in sitting and standing, debility of the leg and knee,
contracted sinews associated with painful obstruction, difficult urination and bowel movement,
prolapse of the rectum, red and white leucorrhea
B 26. Sengbu (Shangliao): B 31 in the body point; meeting point of the bladder and gall bladder
Indication: hemorrhoids, difficult urination and bowel movements, irregular menstruation,
dysmenorrhea, red and white leucorrhea, seminal emission, impotence, itching and pain of the
genitals, uterine porlapse, lumbar pain, cold and pain of the back and knees
B 27. Eunmun (Yinmen): B 37 in the body point; gate of abundance
Indication: Pain and rigidity of the lumbar spine, sciatica, painful obstruction and atrophy disorder
of the lower limb, pain of the thigh, swelling of the lateral thigh
B 28. Weejung (Weizhong): B 40 in the body point; He sea and earth point of the bladder channel,
gao wu command point, Ma Dan-Yang Heavenly Star point
Indication: pain and stiffness of the lumbar spine, cold sensation of the sacrum, coccyx and thigh,
knee pain extending to the big toe, difficulty in flexing and extending the hip and the knee joints,
weakness of the lower limb, hemiplegia, windstroke, hypertension, high fever without sweating,
hemorrhoids nose bleeding, incontinence of urine, eczema. Erysipelas, urticaria
B 29. Hapyang (Heyang): B 55 in the body point; confluence of yang
Indication: leucorrhea, endometriosis, uterine bleeding, low back pain, scrotal pain, intestinal
bleeding, pain of the genitals, sudden violent pain of the genitals
B 30. Sungsan (Chengshan): B 57 in the body point; Ma Dan-yang Heavenly Star point
Indication: low back pain, hemorrhoids, constipation, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, prolapse of
the rectum, sciatica, difficulty sitting and standing, inability to stand for a long time, cramps, pain
and contraction of the sinews, leg qi with swollen knees, heavy legs, flaccidity and weakness of
the legs, pain of the heel, heat sensation in the soles with inability to stand for long, facial spasms,
convulsions in a child
B 31. Buyang ( Fuyang): B 59 in the body point; Xi-Cleft point of the yang
Indication: headaches, lumbar pain with inability to stand for long, inability to stand after sitting,
thigh pain, painful wind obstruction with numbness, atrophy disorder of the lower limb, inability
to raise the leg and knee, sciatica, cold damp leg qi, swelling of the lateral malleolus, facial
spasms, hemiplegia
B 32. Gonlun (Kunlun): B 60 in the body point; Jing-river and fire point of the bladder channel,
Ma Dan- Yang Heavenly star point

Indication: headaches, stiff neck, contraction of the shoulder and back, lumbar pain, ankle pain,
heel pain, hemiplegia, fullness of the chest, cough, difficult labor, retention of placenta, difficulty
conceiving, swelling of the genitals, asthma, hypertension
B 33. Shinmeck (Shenmai): B 62 in the body point; confluent point of the yang motility vessel,
Sun si-miao Ghost point
Indication: chills and fever, aversion to wind with spontaneous sweating and headache, headache,
epilepsy, daytime epilepsy, wind stroke with inability to speak and hemiplegia, deviation of the
mouth, red eyes, tinnitus
B 34. Sokgol (Shugu): B 65 in the body point; Shu-Stream and wood point of the bladder channel
Indication: headaches, dizziness, stiff neck, tinnitus, chills and fever, mania-depression,
carbuncular swellings on the back, yellow eyes, pain and spasm of the back and spine,
B 35. Joktongok (Zutonggu): B 66 in the body point; Ying-Spring and water point of the bladder
Indication: headaches, stiffness of the neck, dizziness, nose bleeding, chronic gastritis, uterine
bleeding, low back pain
B 36. Zhieum (Zhiyin): B 67 in the body point; Jing-well and metal point of the bladder channel
Indication: difficult urination, heat in the soles of the feet, cramps, swelling of the knees, retention
of placenta, malposition of the fetus, delayed labor, prolong and/or difficult labor, heaviness of
the head, nasal congestion, eye pain, pain of the inner canthus, hemiplegia, pain of the lateral
costal region and chest, agitation of the chest

Kidney Channel
The kidney looks like a kidney bean and has a red bean color, so it is called "kidney."
The kidney stores two essences - one is the basic essence that forms the five and six organs, and
other essences important in making a baby.
The Suwen of Nei Jing states the fundamental role of the kidney is storage. The vital essence
dwells there. The vital essence refers to the origin of life. The kidney governs water. It
receives the vital essence from the 12 internal organs and stores it.
If a man experiences seminal leakages, premature ejaculation, a decreased sexual desire,
impotence, or infertility, there is a problem with his kidneys. The kidneys also control bones and
bone marrow. The bones will be strong when the kidneys have enough essence. A woman who
has low bone density and weak teeth after delivering a baby has these symptoms due to weakened
the kidney essence and kidney function. If the bone marrow becomes packed with essence, a
person will have a clear mind and clear thinking. This clear thinking comes from the brain and the
brain is the marrow of the sea. Furthermore if a person does not have good bone marrow or
kidney essence, this person will experience forgetfulness, an unclear mind, intolerance of the cold
and weak pulse on the chi position. If a baby is born with a weak kidney essence and is given
good care with diet and health, the baby will recover from weakness of the kidney essence.
Her Joon, a famous Oriental medicine doctor from the Yi dynasty, wrote a book called
Dongyibogam in 1400. In it he describes the kidney as having two sides. The right side is called
mingmen, which means "the gate of life. Yang in the Five Element point of view controls fire so
it is called sin yang (kidney yang), won yang (primary yang), and jin yang (essential yang).
Mingmen has two functions. One is the san jiao action so that zang fu can function properly. The
other works as a pericardium; the action is to protect the zang fu organs from illness. Mingmen
action in the Five Elements harmonizes the zang fu organs. Another is called shinshu, which
controls water and contains the qi essence.

The Two Functions of the Qi Essence
The Qi Essence has two functions: one is five zang and six fu essential qi; the other is kidney
essence. The five zang and six fu essential qi are gathered from the diet and also through
breathing. The kidney essence has a male and female essence; this controls not only the
reproductive system but also controls birth, growth, aging and declining of the body.
The kidney doesnt like cold weather. In the wintertime, people are not active and they urinate
frequently, so they also get sick easily.
The taste of the kidney is salt, and this salty taste helps the kidneys and protects the blood and
body from illnesses. But if there is too much salt intake, it will make the blood thick and prevent
it from flowing freely. People who have circulation problems should avoid salt. Salt makes a
hard mass soften and soft things harden.
The odor is rotten. When a person is ill for a long time with kidney disease, a rotten odor can
be detected.
The color is black, so if a person's hair falls out, he or she should eat black-colored foods.
Then their hair will be black again and will grow again. Some black-colored foods are: black
beans, black sesame seeds, kunbu, seaweed, and laver.
The meaning is scared; the direction is north; the season is winter; the broken season is late
summer; the vegetable is seaweed; the grain is black bean; the house animal is pig; the fruit is
chestnut; and the voice is a moan.
Good Foods for the Kidneys
Good foods for the kidneys include: salt, wuwei zi, oyster shells, raspberries, chestnuts, brown
rice, pork, chicken, green onions, seaweed, black beans, persimmons, gingko nuts, perilla seeds,
duck, ginger root, and onions

Acupuncture Points on the Hand
K 1. Yongchun (Yongquan): Jing-well and wood point of the kidney channel
Indication: headaches, dizziness, visual problems, pharyngitis, loss of voice, nose bleeds, cough,
vomiting blood, difficulty urination, convulsions in children, heat in the soles of the feet, cold
sensation of the feet, jaundice, palpitations, nausea and vomiting, hypertension, infertility, and
difficult labor
K 2. Yungok (Rangu): Ying-Spring and fire point of the kidney channel
Indication: post nasal drip, Hemoptysis, itching around perineal area, cystitis, dysmenorrhea,
infertility, nocturnal emission, seminal emission, impotence, stabbing heart pain
K 3.Zhohae (Zhaohai): K 6 in the body point; Confluent point of the Yin Motility vessel
Indication: dysmenorrhea, itching of the genital area, cystitis, low back pain, insomnia,
hemiparesis, sudden inability to speak
K 4.Taigae (Taixi): Shu-Stream, Yuan-source and earth point of the kidney channel
Indication: tonsillitis, toothaches, cough, hemoptysis, dysmenorrhea, thirst, nausea and vomiting,
spasms in the stomach, constipation, mastitis, heart disease, cold hand and feet, high fever without
sweating, bronchitis, mouth sore, and hiccups
K 5. Bokrhu (Fu liu): K 7 in the body point; Jing-River and Metal point of the kidney channel
Indication: gonorrhea, dysentery, edema, peritonitis, lower leg edema, low back pain, spontaneous
sweating, night sweating, toothaches, fatigue, dry tongue and parched mouth, curled tongue with
inability to speak, cold legs, difficult urination, and dark urine
K 6. Chookbin (Zhubin): K 9 in the body point; Xi-cleft point of the Yin Linking vessel
Indication: madness, manic depression disorder, raving, fury and cursing, uterine bleeding,
difficult urination, spasms in the calf muscles, weakness of the legs
K 7. Eumgok (Yingu): K 10 in the body point; He-Sea and water point of the kidney channel
Indication: impotence, uterine bleeding, leucorrhea, itching of the genitals, infertility, difficult
urination, urgency of urination, itching of the scrotum, arthritis in the knees, manic disorder,
abdominal distention, periumbilical pain, and pain of the inner aspect of the thigh
K 8 Huenggol (Henggu): K 11 in the body point; Meeting point of the kidney channel with chong
Indication: pain and retraction of the genital area, gonorrhea, conjunctivitis, redness of the eyes
originating at the inner canthus, uterine prolapse, rectum prolapse, and seminal emission.
K 9. Daehyuk (Dahe): K 12 in the body point; Meeting point of the kidney channel and chong
Indication: pain of the genital area, seminal emission, impotence, red and white leucorrhea,
redness of the eyes originating at the inner canthus, and conjunctivitis
K 10. Kihul (Qixue): K 13 in the body point; meeting point of the kidney and chong meridian
Indication: Dysmenorrhea, painful menstruation, ovarian cystitis, infertility in women, low back
pain, nephritis, difficult urination, conjunctivitis, and infection of the eyelids
K 11. Saman (Siman): K 14 in the body point, meeting point of the kidney and chong meridian
Indication: uterine bleeding, dysmenorrhea, painful menstruation, infertility, dysentery, pain and
swelling in the inner canthus, accumulated cold in the uterus, impotence, seminal emission, and
lower abdominal pain
K 12. Joongju (Zhongzhu): K 15 in the body point; meeting point of the kidney and chong
Indication: dysmenorrhea, endometriosis, ovarian infection, back pain, dysenteric disorder,
conjunctivitis, testitis, difficult urination, and constipation

K 13. Huangyoo (Huangshu): K 16 in the body point; meeting point of the kidney channel and
chong meridian
Indication: stomach cramps, infertility, habitual constipation, red eyes, fatigue, dysmenorrhea,
jaundice, conjunctivitis, and cutting pain if the abdomen
K 14. Sanggok (Shangqu): K 17 in the body point; meeting point of the kidney channel and chong
Indication: indigestion, abdominal masses with periodic cutting pain, spastic pain in the stomach,
severe diarrhea, peritonitis, constipation, jaundice, conjunctivitis, uterine bleeding, and severe
saliva drooling
K 15. Sukguan (Shiguan): K 18 in the body point; meeting point of the kidney and chong channel
Indication: hiccoughs, nausea, unbearable abdominal pain, infertility, stiffness of the spine, and
redness and pain of the eye originating at the inner canthus
K 16. Eumdo (Yindu): K19 in the body point; meeting points of the kidney and chong channel
Indication: bloating in the upper abdomen, difficult digestion, pulmonary edema, abdominal pain,
nausea and vomiting, asthma, jaundice, pleural effusion, eye pain, and cataracts
K 17. Boktonggok (Futonggu): K 20 in the body point; meeting point of the kidney and chong
Indication: fullness of the chest, abdominal distention, diarrhea, coughing and shortness of breath,
asthma, sudden loss of voice, protrusion of the tongue, deviation of the mouth, hiccups, and
inability to turn the neck
K 18. Yoomun (Youmen): K 21 in the body point; meeting point of the kidney and chong channel
Indication: nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, dysentery, fullness and agitation below the heart, pain
in the lateral costal region, cough, and forgetfulness
K 19. Borang (Bulang): K 22 in the body point
Indication: cough, asthma, dyspnea, inter costal rib pain, bronchitis, nausea and vomiting, breast
abscess, fullness and pain of the chest and ribs
K 20. Shinbong (Shenfeng): K 23 in the body point
Indication: fullness of the chest and lateral costal region with difficulty in breathing, cough,
asthma, breast abscess, angina, sinusitis, spasm in the esophagus, and nausea and vomiting
K 21. Youngher (Lingxu): K 24 in the body point
Indication: cough, asthma, difficulty in breathing, loss of appetite, breast abscess, palpitations,
agitation and fullness, and inability to eat or drink
K 22 Shingang (Shencang): K 25 in the body point
Indication: asthma, fullness and distention of the chest and lateral costal region, nausea and
vomiting, fullness of the chest with no desire to eat, difficulty in breathing, and hiccups
K 23. Uookjung (Yuzhong): K 26 in the body point
Indication: bronchitis, difficulty in breathing, nausea and vomiting, stricture in the esophagus,
hiccups, night sweating, and palpitation
K 24. Yoobu (Shufu): K 27 in the body point
Indication: cough and chronic cough, asthma, bronchitis, fullness and oppression of the chest,
abdominal distention, nausea and vomiting, pleural effusion, inability to eat and drink, and
esophageal stricture

The Pericardium Channel of Hand Jueyin
The pericardium does not have a figure; it only functions as a zang organ. The pericardium
protects the heart from the outside, receives orders and controls from the heart. The pericardium
protects the heart so when patient has a problem in the heart, the first thing to do is to treat the
pericardium (thus treating the heart).

Deficiency Condition of the Pericardium

The patient will have hypotension, a slow heart rate, cold body temperature, sensitivity to and
difficult tolerating the cold and heat.

Excess Condition of the Pericardium

The patient will feel fullness in the chest, hypertension, a flushed face, heat and discomfort in the
Good Foods for the Pericardium
Good foods include: Mudanpi, buckwheat, sanghuang mushrooms, oyster shell, squids bone,
eels, yimucao, water cress, mugwart, and sparrow meat

Acupuncture Points on the Hand
P 1. Chunji (Tianchi): Meeting point of the pericardium, gall bladder, liver, and sanjiao channels,
point of the window of heaven
Indication: headaches, asthma, insufficient lactation, bronchitis, pain and fullness of the chest,
swelling and pain of the axilla, malaria, breast abscess, mastitis, and blurred vision
P 2. Chunchun (Tianquan)
Indication: chest pain, asthma, cough, palpitation, fullness of the chest and lateral costal region,
blurred vision, and pain of the medial aspect of the upper arm
P 3. Goktack (Quze): He-Sea and Water point of the pericardium channel
Indication: chest pain, palpitations, tuberculosis, heart disease, tremors of the head, tremors in the
hand and arm, pain and contraction of the elbow and arm, and paralysis of the upper arm
P 4. Gukmoon (Ximen): Xi-Cleft point of the pericardium channel
Indication: nausea, chest pain, heart disease, palpitations, vomiting blood, nosebleeds, agitation,
insomnia, melancholy, fear and fright of people, insufficiency of spirit qi, and hemorrhoids
P 5. Gansa (Jianshi): Jing-River and Metal point of the pericardium channel
Indication: chest pain, agitation and restlessness, poor memory, loss of voice, plum fit syndrome,
nausea and vomiting, dysmenorrhea, hot sensation in the palm, angina, and oppression of the
P 6. Neiguan (Neiguan): Luo-Connecting point of the pericardium channel, Confluent point of the
yin wei meridian
Indication: chest pain, heart pain, stuffiness of the chest, palpitations, fright palpitations, insomnia,
inability to speak after windstroke, nausea and vomiting, hiccups, stabbing epigastric pain, spleen
and stomach qi deficiency with distention and fullness, disharmony of the spleen and stomach,
cracked and bleeding tongue, dizziness, malaria, pain and contraction of the elbow and upper arm,
swelling of the axilla, stiffness and pain of the head and neck
P 7. Tainumg (Daling): Shu-Stream, Yuan-Source and Earth point of the pericardium channel,
Sun Si-Mao Ghost point.
Indication: heart disease, high temperature in the whole body, headaches, insomnia, manic raving,
prosensity to laugh without reason, agitation, weeping with grief, sadness, fright and fear, breast
abscess, painful obstruction in the throat, dry throat, pain at the root of the tongue, wind rash,
splitting headaches, swelling of the axilla, contractions of the hand, contractions of the elbow,
wrist pain, and heat in the palms
P 8. Nogung (Laogong): Ying-Spring and Fire point of the pericardium channel; Sun Si-Miao
Ghost point
Indication: chest pain, coma, loss of consciousness, febrile disease accompanied by sweating
(which continues for days), windstroke, hypertension, erosion of the mouth and tongue, foul
breath, difficult ingestion, hypogastric masses, vomiting blood, ceaseless nose bleeds,
hemorrhoids, jaundice, scaling of the skin of the hand, sweating of the palms, and manic-
P 9. Zungchung (Zhongchong): Jing-Well and wood point of the pericardium channel
Indication: chest pain, stroke, fever without sweating, heat in the palm, stiffness of the tongue,
injury by summer heat, loss of consciousness, hypertension, childhood nutritional impairment,
nighttime crying in infants

The San Jiao Channel of the Hand Shao Yang
The San Jiao has three qi: upper qi, middle qi, and lower qi. These three qi have individual
work but are connected as one. The sanjiao has the function of balancing and harmonizing the
The upper jiao is like mist; the borderline goes from under the tongue to the upper gate of the
stomach. This controls all of the functions of the lungs, heart, esophagus, pharynx, throat, thyroid,
head, mouth, nose, eye, and trachea.
The middle jiao is like foam; the borderline is from the upper gate of the stomach to the lower
gate of the stomach. The middle jiao controls the function of the umbilical cord to the diaphragm
organs (such as stomach, liver, gall bladder, spleen, and pancreas.) When the foam does not run
smoothly, it comes to a standstill or pauses to make phlegm. This cannot spread and then
becomes fullness in the middle jiao. This will cause problems because it is unable to receive from
above and cannot eliminate downward.
The lower jiao is like a stream; it goes from the lower gate of the stomach to the rectum and
urethra. The lower jiao controls the function of the kidneys, large intestine, small intestine,
bladder, suprapubis, prostate, and uterus. When this stream is not running properly, it causes
constipation, difficult urination or inability to urinate.
The basic principle of san jiao is to move the bowels better and to urinate more smoothly.
Some diseases related to the san jiao are: the inception of small intestine problems (or chronic
small intestine problems), lower abdominal disease, uterus, ren and du meridian problems,
rheumatism, and allergies.

Deficiency of the San Jiao Symptoms

The patient will experience the same symptoms as someone with an excessive heart condition.
These symptoms include: itchy skin, difficulty digesting foods, diarrhea, fullness of the chest,
anxiety, cold body temperature and distention of the abdomen (but no sensitivity to the touch).

Excess Signs and Symptoms of the San Jiao

The patient will experience symptoms like a deficient condition of the heart and excessive
condition of the kidney and small intestine. Symptoms are: difficulty urinating, constipation,
sweating on the forehead, dry tongue, swelling of the throat, and oppressive feelings in the chest.

Good Foods for the San Jiao

Good foods include: melons, sesame seed oil, ginsheng, brown dog meat, quail eggs, green
orange peels, lotus root, and pig intestines

Acupuncture Points on the Hand
SJ 1. Guanchung (Guanchong): Jing-well point and Metal point of the sanjiao channel
Indication: headaches, glaucoma, hearing difficulty, dry lips and cracked tongue, white spots in
the cornea, dry nausea and vomit, stiff tongue, bitter taste in the mouth, curled tongue, oppression
of the heart with absence of sweating, pain of the elbow and shoulder, and pain of the shoulder
and back with inability to turn and look backwards
SJ 2. Yaekmoon (Yemen): Ying-Spring and Water point of the sanjiao channel
Indication: headaches, tinnitus, tonsillitis, dry eyes, swelling and pain of the throat, bleeding gums,
pain of the gum, dizziness, pain of the arm, inability to raise the arm due to pain, contraction of
the five fingers, weakness of the wrist, and neck pain
SJ 3. Jungger (Zhongzhu): Shu-Stream and Wood point of the sanjiao channel
Indication: headaches, dizziness, tinnitus, deafness earache, one-sided headache, itching of the
body and face, red face, red face with absence of sweating, inability to flex and extend the fingers,
redness swelling and pain of the elbow and upper arm extending into the shoulder, numbness of
the four limbs, and pain of the spine at the level of the heart
SJ. 4 Yangji (Yangchi): Yuan-source point of the sanjiao channel
Indication: swelling and pain of the neck, weakness and pain of the wrist, arthritis, wasting and
thirsting disorder, earaches and tinnitus
SJ 5. Weiguan (Waiguan): Luo-connecting point of the sanjiao channel, confluent point of the
yang qiao meridian
Indication: deafness, headaches, tinnitus, insomnia, toothaches, hemiplegia, problems of the eyes,
dizziness, hypertension, swelling and pain of the cheek, stiffness of the tongue with difficulty
speaking, constipation, oppression and tightness of the chest, pain of the shoulder and back, stiff
neck, pain of the ribs and lateral costal region, arthritis, severe pain of the fingers with inability to
grasp objects, tremors of the hand, redness, swelling and pain of the ankle, pain of the toes, and
pain in all of the joints
SJ 6. Ghigu (Zhigou): Jing-river and fire point of the sanjiao channel
Indication: sudden loss of voice, lockjaw, febrile disease with absence of sweating, swelling and
pain of the throat, pain of the lateral costal region, post partum anemia, abdominal pain, sudden
turmoil disorder, constipation, painful obstruction of the elbow, numbness of the hand, and
SJ 7. Samyanglak (SanYangluo): SJ 8 in the body point
Indication: sudden loss of voice, sudden deafness, inability to move arm, wind stroke, and
SJ 8. Sadok (Sidu): SJ 9 in the body point
Indication: sudden loss of voice, paralysis of the tongue, deafness, tonsillitis, pain of the upper
arm, and nephritis
SJ 9. Chunjung (Tianjing): SJ 10 in the body point; He-sea and Earth point of the sanjiao channel
Indication: migraine headaches, swelling and pain of the throat, deafness, stiffness of the neck,
upper arm pain, arthritis in the elbow, pain of the neck and upper back, pain of the shoulder and
arm, and pain of the lumbar region due to traumatic injury.
SJ 10. Chungnengyeun (Qinglengyuan): SJ 11 in the body point
Indication: upper arm pain, numbness and paralysis, headaches, pain of the eyes, yellow eyes with
pain of the lateral costal region, jaundice, and mental disorder
SJ 11. Sorak (Xiaoluo): SJ 12 in the body point

Indication: headaches, stiffness on the neck and back with inability to turn the head, mental
disorder, upper arm and shoulder pain
SJ 12. Nohue (Naohui): Meeting point of the sanjiao and yang qiao channel
Indication: shoulder pain, swelling of the shoulder, and inability to raise the arm
SJ 13. Jeonryo (Jianliao): SJ 14 in the body point
Indication: upper arm pain, unable to raise the arm, paralysis, pleural effusion, and numbness
SJ 14. Chunryo (Tianliao): SJ 15 in the body point; Meeting point of the sanjiao and gall bladder
channel and the yang qiao channel.
Indication: pain of the shoulder and arm, stiffness and pain of the neck, tension of the back of the
neck, pain in the supraclavicular fossa, agitation and oppression of the chest, heat and fullness of
the chest, oppression of the heart with absence of sweating, heat in the body with absence of
sweating, chills and fever
SJ. Yeemoon (Ermen): SJ 21 in the body point
Indication: deafness, tinnitus, acute middle ear infection, toothaches, facial paralysis, trigeminal
neuralgia in the face, stiffness of the lips, headache, neck pain, and swelling and pain of the
submandibular region.
SJ 16. Sajukgong (Sizhkong): SJ 23 in the body point
Indication: migraine headaches, twitching of the eyelids and eyebrows, ingrown eyelashes,
deviation of the face and eye, and pain and redness of the eyes

The Gall Bladder Channel of Foot Shaoyang

The gall bladder regulates various troubles of the body. The gall bladder was given its name due
to the bitter taste of the gall bladder juice. For example, a person who vomits severely after heavy
drinking over a long period of time will finally vomit a bowel solution; this is the gall bladder
The gall bladder takes care of the lateral side of the body. If you have a case of a person with pain
on the side of the body, then think of the gall bladder. When a person is ready to fight, he puts his
hands on his flanks; this motion adds energy to the gall bladder channel in order to gain more
energy. The gall bladder makes a person courageous. The juice of the gall bladder helps to
digest oil.
Our ancestors treated jaundice with dry melon stems that they made into a powder and sprayed in
the nose. They also drank yinchenhao tea and carp soup of carp sushi twice a day on an empty
stomach. To prepare carp soup, remove only the intestines; the other parts of the body should
remain when making this soup.

Gall Bladder Deficiency Symptoms

These symptoms are similar to excess liver conditions. The patient becomes easily frightened, is
unable to make decisions, is not courageous, has insomnia, sighs frequently, and experiences
nausea. This person will have multi focal vision, oppressive feelings in the upper abdomen, and
anxiety. The person will also feel dizzy, be jaundiced, experience cramps in his toes, have
difficulty walking and will limp.

Gall Bladder Excess Symptoms

The patient will feel fullness of the abdomen with flank pain, a bitter taste in the mouth, and will
sigh frequently. The patient will also have blurred vision, deafness, will sleep well but with a
tendency to become upset easily, and will have an uncomfortable feeling in the stomach.

Headaches, dry stools, jaundice, a red tongue, a tendency to have gall stones, a sprained ankle
toward outside, sciatica, and cholecystitis are other symptoms.

Good foods for the gall bladder

Good foods for the gall bladder include: water cress, mugua, sweet potato, and cabbage

Acupuncture Points on the Hand
GB 1. Dongjaryo (Tongziliao): Meeting point of the gall bladder, small intestine and sanjiao
Indication: declining vision, glaucoma, headaches, red eyes, swelling and pain of the eyes, night
blindness, deviation of the mouth and eye, throat painful pbstruction, and supraorbital ridge
GB 2. Yangback (Yangbai): GB 14 in the body point; Meeting point of the gall bladder, yang qiao,
sanjiao, stomach, and large intestine channel
Indication: headaches, pain of the supraorbital ridge, night blindness, short sightedness, deviation
of the mouth and eye, nasal congestion, and nausea
GB 3. Hamyum (Hanyan): GB 4 in the body point; meeting point of the gall bladder, sanjiao and
stomach channel
Indication: migraine headaches, headaches, visual dizziness, pain and redness of the outer canthus,
sinusitis, facial paralysis, convulsions in children, and tinnitus
GB 4. Duyimup (Toulinqi): GB15 in the body point; meeting point of the gall bladder and bladder
channel with the yang qiao meridian.
Indication: dizziness, lacremation, hearing difficulty, pain at the outer canthus, sinusitis, nasal
congestion, pain and infection in the maxilla, coma due to stroke, and pain of the supraclavicular
GB 5. Sungryung ( Chengling): GB 18 in the body point; meeting point of the gall bladder
channel with the yang qiao vessel
Indication: migraine headaches, nasal blockage, nasal bleeding, asthma, sneezing, tinnitus,
aversion to wind and cold, and fever
GB 6. Nuegong (Naokong): GB 19 in the body point; meeting point of the gall bladder channel
with yangqiao vessel
Indication: migraine headaches, stiffness and tightness of the occipital neck, palpitations,
tuberculosis, sinusitis, dizziness, mental disorders, tinnitus, chills and fever, brain and head wind
GB 7. Pungzi (Fengchi): GB 20 in the body point; meeting point of the gall bladder and sanjiao
channel with yang wei and yangqiao vessel
Indication: dizziness, stiffness and pain of the neck with inability to turn the head, hemiplegia,
sinusitis, nasal bleeding, decreased vision, insomnia, disease of the ears, prevention of wind
stroke and bleeding stroke, loss of speech after stroke, atropy of the optic nerve, tinnitus
GB 8. Jianjung (Jianjing): GB 21 in the body point; meeting point of the gall bladder, sanjiao and
stomach channels with the yang qiao vessel
Indication: stiffness and pain of the neck, pain of the shoulder and back, inability to raise the hand
and arm, hemiplegia, loss of speech following windstroke, mastitis, difficult labor, tonsillitis,
nervous breakdown, congestion of the brain, and histeria
GB 9. Ilwal (Riyue): GB 24 in the body point; meeting point of the gall bladder and spleen
channels, front-mu point of the gall bladder
Indication: distention, fullness and pain of the lateral costal region, acid reflux, hiccups, jaundice,
gastritis, nephritis, and nervous breakdown
GB 10. Kyungmoon ( Jingmen): GB 25 in the body point; front mu point of the kidney
Indication: cystitis, colitis, gastritis, low back pain, hiccups, pain of the lateral costal region and
back, nausea, nephritis, pain with kidney stones, pain of the inner aspect of the shoulder blade,
pain of the hip, pain of the lower abdomen, and lumbar pain with inability to stand for long
periods of time

GB 11. Gerryo ( Juliao): GB 29 in the body point; meeting point of the gall bladder channel
with the yang motility vessel
Indication: lumbar pain radiating to the lower abdomen, hip pain radiating to the groin, pain of the
front of the shoulder radiating to the chest, inability to raise the arm, arthritis, nephritis, low back
pain, cystitis, colitis, problem with the uterus, arthritis in the thigh, and hemiplegia
GB 12. Hwando (Huantiao): GB 30 in the body point; meeting point of the gall bladder and
bladder channels, Ma Dan-yang heavenly star point.
Indication: low back pain, paralysis of the lower legs, hemiplegia, atrophy disorder and painful
obstruction of the lower limb, contraction and pain of the thigh and knee, pain of the lumbar
region and lateral costal region, pain or sprain of the hip and leg, eczema and urticaria
GB 13. Pungshi ( Fengshi): GB 31 in the body point
Indication: hemiplegia, atrophy disorder and painful obstruction of the lower limb, cold painful
obstruction, sciatica, itching of the whole body, urticaria, leprosy, and heavy sensation of the legs
with difficulty in sitting.
GB 14. Sulyangguan (Xiyangguan): GB 33 in the body point
Indication: arthritis in the knee, redness, swelling and pain of the lateral aspect of the knee joint,
inability to flex and extend the knee, painful obstruction and numbness of the lower leg, sciatica,
and hemiplegia
GB 15. Yanglungchun (Yanglingquan): GB 34 in the body point; He-sea and earth point of the
gall bladder channel, Hui-meeting point of sinews, Ma Dan-ying heavenly star point.
Indication: swelling of the face and head, hypertension, pain and redness of the knee, stiffness of
the neck and shoulder, pain of the elbow, contraction of the sinews, contraction and pain of the
calf muscles in sudden turmoil disorder, habitual constipation, sciatica, disease of the gall bladder,
frequent sighing, bitter taste in the mouth, vomiting, jaundice, and dry throat
GB 16. Wagu (WaiQiu): GB 36 in the body point; Xi-cleft point of the gall bladder channel
Indication: distension of the chest and lateral costal region, pigeon chest in children, atrophy
disorder and painful obstruction of the lower limb, pain of the skin, cold sensation ad stiffness and
pain of the nape and neck, and aversion to wind-cold
GB 17. Yangbo (Yangfu): GB 38 in the body point; Jing-river and fire point of the gall bladder
Indication: headaches, migraine headaches, pain of the outer canthus, bitter taste in the mouth,
sighing, pain of the chest and lateral coastal region, chills and fever, swelling and pain in the
axilla, wandering pain of the joints, hemiplegia, pain and numbness of the lateral side of the leg,
edema below the knee, sensation in the lumbar region as if sitting in water, severe lumbar pain,
lumbar pain like a small hammer in the middle of the back, and pain of the lateral malleolus
GB 18. Guher (Qiuxu): GB 40 in the body point; Yuan-source point of the gall bladder channel
Indication: pneumonia, distention and pain of the chest and lateral costal region with inability to
catch the breath, sighing, swelling in the axilla, sudden mental disorder, tuberculosis, migraines,
redness and swelling of the eyes, hardness of the lower abdomen, herpes zoster, vomiting, acid
regurgitation, neck pain, chills and fever with swelling of the neck, paralysis, pain of the lumbar
spine, pain of the hip, atrophy disorder and painful obstruction of the lower leg, foot drop,
flaccidity of the ankle, swelling of the lateral ankle, and pain of the wrist
GB 19. Jokyimup (Zulinqi): GB 41 in the body point; Shu-stream and wood point of the gall
bladder channel, confluent point of the dai-mai
Indication: chest pain, dizziness, pain of the lateral costal region, swelling of the axilla, migraines,
pain of the outer canthus, lacrimation, redness, swelling and pain of the eyes, deafness and

tinnitus, swelling and pain of the eyes, distention and pain of the breast, breast abscess, swelling
of the submandibular region and cheek, menstrual disorders, pain of the hip, pain of the lower leg,
swelling and pain of the feet, pain and contraction of the toes, swelling and pain of the forsum of
the feet, and all disorders of the feet
GB 20. Hyupgae (Xiaxi): GB 43 in the body point; Ying-spring and water point of the gall bladder
Indication: common cold, spitting blood, mastitis, tinnitus, deafness, pain of the ears, pain and
swelling of the cheek and submandibular region, fullness and pain of the chest and lateral costal
region, pain of the chest with inability to turn to the side, breast abscess, pain of the whole body,
hardness and pain of the hypogastrium, swelling of the four limbs, ,wondering pain, pain of the
knee and thigh, swelling and pain of the lateral aspect of the dorsum of the foot, heat in the soles
of the feet, damp erosion and cracks between the toes, and contraction of the five toes
GB 21. Jokguum (Zuqiaoyin): GB 44 in the body point; Jing-well and metal point of the gall
bladder channel
Indication: headaches, disease of the eyes, cough, stiffness of the tongue or curled tongue with
dry mouth, stiffness of the tongue with inability to speak, pain of the lateral costal region, pain of
the lateral costal region with cough and inability to catch the breath, nightmares, insomnia,
somnolence, agitation and heat of the hands and feet, contracted sinews, contraction of the sinews
of the four limbs, and inability to raise the elbow

The Liver Channel of Foot Jueyin

The liver is paired with the gall bladder by the yin and yang theory. In the Five-Element theory,
the liver is represented as wood. The liver holds Hon (Hun; eternal soul), so a person who has
problems with his liver acts like a bewildered, lost soul. The liver shows itself in the face. The
eyes will be red because the liver heat rises up, and will be gummy the day after a large amount of
alcohol has been consumed. These are the results of liver exhaustion.
Che qian zi and Jumengzi are cold property foods; they are good for raising the liver yang
condition with headaches and red and pain in the eyes. Night blindness or dry eyes are due to a
liver blood deficiency. A person with this condition should eat animal liver or liver oil. Brittle
nails, problems with gums, cramping in the muscles, contractions of the scrotum, pain in the
perineal area, and flank pain indicate that a person has a problem with the liver. The liver blood
deficiency patient will have pale, dry, thin nails. The liver blood excess patient will have dark red
and dry nails.
The liver dislikes wind, and the liver means angry. When the liver receives heat, the liver easily
gets angry in order to release heat. Drunken people become angry easily and fight frequently; this
is due to liver heat. When a person gets angry easily, he tends to damage his liver; extreme anger
will make blood move fast and have a strong force. This action causes a person to vomit blood or
to bleed through the rectum or vagina.
The taste of the liver is sour, the direction is east, the color is green, the dominant season is spring
and the weak and broken season is autumn. The vegetables are spinach and chives, the grains
are sesame seeds and barley, the house animals are dogs and chickens, the fruit is plum, the voice
is shouting, the smell is rancid and the numbers are 3 and 8.
Frightened children have a green stool color due to a frightened liver.
Liver deficiency symptoms
Symptoms include: blue facial color, hard nails, tinnitus, decreased eye sight, cramping and
contraction of the muscle and ligaments, dizziness, cold hands and feet, thin sputum, nausea,

supra pubic area pain and contractions, the feeling of a hard mass in the abdomen, frequent
numbness and weakness of the limbs, anemia, night blindness, cataracts, epilepsy, whole body
paralysis, and color blindness

Liver Excess Symptoms

A person with a nervous temperament, who becomes fatigued easily and has weakness of the
body, has liver excess symptoms. This person will have redness of the eyes due to insomnia,
droopy eyelids and declined eyesight. (In severe cases, the patient may become blind). This
patient will feel lateral costal area pain, an unclear mind, loss of appetite, inability to digest foods,
acid reflux, and vomiting. The patient may also experience tremors in the hands and feet, stiffness
of the spine, urine in the blood, contractions and pain in the perineal area, dark facial color, liver
cirrhosis, alcoholism, or hepatitis.

Good Foods for the Liver

Good foods for the liver are: ginger root, caster beans, sesame seeds, dog meat, chive seed, plums,
chicken, barley, mugua, codonopsis, jumengzi, raspberries, che qianzi, cokscomb seed, wheat, the
white part of the green onion, sweet potatoes, motherwort, cabbage, and lingzhi mushrooms.

Acupuncture Points on the Hand
LR 1. Taidon (Dadun): Jing-well and wood point of the liver channel
Indication: hemoptysis, sudden mental disorder, sudden collapse after anger attack, swelling of
the testicles, swelling and pain of the genitals, pain of the head of the penis, retraction of the
genitals, painful retention of urine, blood in the urine, painful urinary dysfunction, irregular
menstruation, ceaseless uterine bleeding, loss of consciousness, bitter taste in the mouth, sighing,
somnolence, heart pain, ceaseless nose bleed, and copious sweating
LR 2. Henggan (Xingjian): Ying-spring and fire point of the liver channel
Indication: alcohol intoxication, convulsions in children, insomnia, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea,
palpitation, constipation, mental disorders, peritonitis, low back pain, severe abdominal cramping
pain, pain and itching of the genitals, coughing blood, lumbar pain with difficulty in flexing and
extending the back, swelling of the knee, pain of the inner aspect of the leg, heat in the shin, and
pain and swelling of the instep
LR 3. Taechoong (Taichong): Shu-stream, yuan-source and earth point of the liver channel, Ma
Dan-yang Heavenly star point
Indication: distention and pain of the lateral costal region, pain of the liver and heart, breast pain,
swollen testicles, retracted testicles, blurred vision, redness, swelling and pain of the eyes,
cracked lips, swelling of the lips, distention of the throat, dry throat with a desire to drink, internal
heat with thirst, death-like green complexion, amenorrhea, irregular menstruation, incessant
uterine bleeding, difficult urination, retention of urine, painful urinary dysfunction, jaundice,
headaches, vomiting blood, nausea, constipation, cold feet, pain of the inner malleoulus, swelling
of the elbow, and contraction of the five fingers
LR 4. Jungbong (Zhongfeng): Jing-river and metal point of the liver channel
Indication: pain and retraction of the genitals, cystitis, difficult urination, seminal emission, cold
invasion of the feet, pain and swelling of the medial malleoulus, low back pain, pain and swelling
of the lower abdomen, retention of urine, abdominal discomfort after eating, numbness of the
body, and the five types of painful urinary dysfunction
LR 5. Yeogu (Ligou): Luo-connecting point of the liver channel
Indication: leucorrhea, dysmenorrhea, irregular menstruation, prolapse of uterus, plumstone qi,
pain of the testicles, itching, swelling and pain of the genitals, sudden itching of the genitals,
incessant erection, inflexibility of the back with inability to turn, lumbar pain, cold and pain of the
feet and lower leg
LR 6. Jungdo (Zhongdu): Xi-cleft point of the liver channel
Indication: leucorrhea, persistent flow of lochia, lower abdominal pain, uterine bleeding,
hydrocelle of the testicles, flaccidity and emaciation of the legs, numbness of the body, numbness
of the hands and feet, cold sensation of the lower legs with inability to stand for long, hot
sensation of the soles of the feet
LR 7. Sulguan (Xiguan):
Indication: pain in the inner aspect of the knee radiating to the patella, swelling and pain in the
knee, difficulty in flexing and extending the knee, cold damp pouring downwards, and abdominal
LR 8. Gokchun (QuQuan): He-sea and water point of the liver channel
Indication: lower abdominal pain, swelling and itching of the genitals, pain of the genitals, pain of
the penis, impotence, seminal emission, diarrhea containing undigested food, diarrhea containing
blood and pus, uterine bleeding, abdominal masses in women due to blood stasis, infertility due to

blood stasis, pain of the abdomen and lateral coastal region, mental disorder, knee pain,
swelling and pain of the patella, coldness and pain of the knee and lower leg, pain of the inner
thigh, and extreme pain in the body
LR 9. Umpo (Yinbao)
Indication: irregular menstruation, disorder of menstruation, cystitis, difficult urination, low back
pain, constipation, and lower leg paralysis
LR 10. Jokori (Zuwuli)
Indication: abdominal fullness and distension, fullness of the lower abdomen, difficult urination,
itching of the genital area, swelling and pain of the testicles, night sweats; this is a good point to
do moxa for infertility
LR 11. Umryul (Yinlin)
Indication: Irregular menstruation, arthritis in the legs, habitual miscarriage, and pain in the thigh
and knee
LR 12. Gupmak (Jimai)
Indication: Problems of the genital area and reproductive disorders, and uterus prolapse
LR 13. Jangmun (Zhangmen): Front-mu point of the spleen, Hui-meeting point of the zang,
meeting point of the liver and gall bladder channel
Indication: nausea, abdominal fullness and distension, indigestion, tuberculosis, bronchitis, turbid
urination and frequent urination, palpitation due to nervousness, fullness of the chest and lateral
costal region, pain of the ribs, jaundice, bloody urine, cystitis, peritonitis, colitis, and sudden
sharp pain in the intestine
LR 14. Kimun (Qimen): Front-mu point of the liver, meeting point of the liver and spleen
channels with the yin qiao vessel.
Indication: pain, distention and fullness of the chest, masses in the lateral costal region, pain of
the lateral costal region, epigastric pain and distention, nausea and vomiting, acid regurgitation,
menstrual disorders, jaundice, asthma, cholecystitis, diabetes mellitus, nephritis, hepatitis, chronic
peritonitis, pneumonia, indigestion, and pleural effusion

Practical Experience with Hand Acupuncture

A male patient uses his left hand first and a female patient uses her right hand first. Then, they
insert needles into the opposite hand. I taped dots (made from aluminum foil) onto the hand for
about thirty minutes or longer (up to 8 hours depending on the patients conditions). Later on I
used Apbong (pressure point material made with aluminum sheets) on the hands.
Initially, I followed Young Kwun Kims book but then I modified the points after I learned TCM.
Even now I utilize this method mostly for my family members, co-workers and myself.
Sometimes I use this method in other places like churches, picnic areas, or meeting places. When
I cannot use body acupuncture, I use hand acupuncture needles, Apbong, my finger nails, or I
massage the area to treat the problems. Mostly I use Apbong with water- proof tape over these
points. When I worked in the ICU, everyone knew that I was treating people because several of
my coworkers had water-proof tape over their hands in various places depending on their
problems. They were very happy to share their experience with Apbong and my treatments
regarding their problems. This feedback encouraged me to practice more hand acupuncture and
give instructions to my patients and friends. I also instruct them over the phone when they cannot
come to my clinic.

Examples of Treatments
# 1. Indigestion: P 6, SP 4, R 12, R 4.
This worked very well when I came into contact with patients in the ICU who had acute
indigestion. My colleagues often asked me to put the aluminum dots on their hands instead of
taking Maalox or Zantac. For chronic indigestion, I add LI 4, LR 3, SJ 5, and G 19.
# 2. Migraines: SJ 5, LI 4, LI 11, GB 7, GB 19, P 6, SP 4, L 7, R 12, and R 4
A 9 year-old girl was vomiting every day due to migraine attacks and was treated three times with
diet consultations. When she came into my clinic, she ran up to the table and asked me to put in
needles. The girl did not suffer from migraines anymore after the first hand acupuncture treatment.
Her mother was greatly relieved because her family physician had previously recommended that
she take strong biomedicine to control her migraine attacks.
# 3. Eye pain or infection: GB 7, 5 needles on the eye area (St 1), LI 4, LI 5, GB 19, LR 1, GB 9:
St 1 area. First I pricked the finger to make it bleed and then I used Moxa 3 corns as treatment.
I also treated myself for chronic blurred vision and strabismus. Using these points, my vision
improved. The last time I went to the ophthalmologist he did not mention any eye problems.
# 4. Bells palsy: Yintang, ST 2, GB 2, BL 2, ST,4, ST 6, ST 7, H 9, H 3,
LR 1, K 10, GB 20, R 4.
A 19 year-old student had a car accident and was in a coma for 18 months. His mother asked me
to treat him because biomedicine could not help him anymore for his condition. His face was
deviated to the right. Besides his coma status, I treated his facial deviation with the above
treatment; after the third treatment his face went back to normal. This result convinced his father
to trust acupuncture in order to help his son. This patients limb rigidity was reduced and his
condition improved to a semi-comatose state. In another case, a 67 year-old male patient
recovered his facial trigeminal neuralgia within one month.
# 5. Kidney Stones: R 2, R 3, SP 10, K 7, GB 41, BL 65, BL 39, BL 20, BL 23
Several of my patients who have had kidney stone attacks were released from agonizing pain
within thirty minutes.
# 6. Frequent urination, urgent urination: R 3, R 2, BL 23, BL 27, LI 1, ST 36, BL 40, BL 67.
These points are especially useful to elderly patients who have frequent and urgent urination
problems. Middle-aged patients with these problems are also happy with this treatment.
# 7. Acute abdominal pain: P 6, R 13, R 11,R 9, R 7, R 6, R 4, SP 6, ST 31, ST 37
These points are used on children who complain about abdominal pain but cannot pinpoint the
area of pain. I use upbong and tape to take care of the pain instead of needles. I use upbong like
a game and then ask them to press it down.
#8. Hiccups: P6, R 20, R 16, R 13, R 11, B 13, ST 31. This works well in my experience.
# 9. Constipation: R 11, R 7, R 6, ST 21, SP 15, SJ 6, ST 31, B 18, and B 20
# 10. Diarrhea: P6, R 11, R 8, R 7, R 4, ST 21, LI 11, ST 29, ST 31, ST 32. Sometimes I use
Moxa on the R 11, R 8, R 7, R 4, ST 21 and in the other areas I use needles, especially with
people who have deficiency conditions.
# 11. Hemorrhoids, rectal prolapses, and decubitus ulcers on the sacrum: R 30, R 1, B 30, D 1, D
2, B 25. One ER nurse educators brother had sacral ulcers and was not healing with conventional
medical treatment. She asked me if any other alternative medicine could help her brothers
condition so I told her to massage the D 1, D 2, B 25 area as often as possible. One month later
she reported that her brothers sacral ulcer had healed.
# 12. Gall Stones and cholecystitis: P 6, R 11, R 4, LR 14, G 9, LI 1, SI 5, D 14, D 9, B 14, B 15,
B 16, G 15, G 17, G 21, SP 4, SP 6, SP 9.

My mother-in-law had back pain for a long time; she went to an acupuncturist for six months
without good results. This made her very depressed. When I assessed her condition, she did not
have back pain but she had a congested gall bladder. I treated it with the above points. She was
able to sleep after the first treatment and recovered completely after the fifth treatment. She was
very happy with the result. She told me that when she paid someone, she did not get any results,
but without paying any money to me, her problem was gone! Since then, she has trusted hand
acupuncture more and I have given her treatment for other conditions.
# 13. Common cold: R 28, LI 21, R 20, G7, D 14, LI 4, SJ 5, LI 11
# 14. Asthma: R 20, LU 7, G 7, SJ 5, D 14, B 8, B 9, LI 4, ST 31, R 11, R 4
The patient has not had any attacks since this treatment. One high school male student had sports-
induced asthma and his case was taken care of after the one month of treatments. He is still
asthma-free, enjoying his college and his sports.
# 15. Difficulty swallowing water and speech problems: R24, R 21, LI 18, D 19, G 7, B 8, D 14,
P6, H7, SJ 5, LI4, LI 11, SI 3, R 11, R 4, G 19. This patient had sinus surgery, lost her voice
and was unable to swallow water or saliva. The doctor tried to solve her problem and involved
many special departments, but she did not improve. It was a mystery to him. She was in the
hospital and asked if I could treat her in the hospital bed because she believed that I could help
her with this problem. I used the above points in the hospital twice. (She told her doctor that she
had received several acupuncture treatments and he did not mind.) After the first treatment, she
was able to swallow saliva better when she had needles in her hand, and her voice became clearer.
I gave her the second treatment to prevent receiving a PEG; however, her doctor did not want her
to stay in the hospital any longer with her slow recovery. He performed the PEG and discharged
her. She came to my clinic three times after she was discharged. At that time, I trained my
patient how to swallow her saliva, took care of the PEG and I put her on a clear liquid diet. In
the beginning, she was afraid, but slowly her confidence grew. After the third treatment, she
was able to swallow a full liquid diet without any difficulty and was also gaining weight. The GI
specialist was able to remove her PEG.
# 16. Cervical disc between C 5 and C 6: LU 7, G 7, B 6, D 14, G 8, ashi points on the C 5 and C
6 on the above D 14. These points were used for the cervical disc. Other points were utilized on
the body points.
# 17. Knee pain: SP 9, LR 8, K 7, ST 29, ST, 30, ST 31, G 15, B 28, G 19, LI 4, LR 3, R 11, R 4
# 18. Ankle pain: LI4, LR 3, LR 4, P 6, SP 5, K 4, K 5, G 16, G 18, ST 34, B 32, and g 15.
When I broke my left foot, I pressed my fingertips on these points to release the pain. Another
time I taped apbong on these points to heal my foot and my coworkers ankle pains at my
# 19. Wrist pain: LU 9, P7, H 7, LI 5, LI 10, SJ 4, SJ 5, SI 4, R 11, R 4, and G 19. This works
very well with wrist pain and carpel tunnel syndrome.
# 20. Shoulder pain: LI 16, LU 2, R 5, R 4, SI 10, SJ 3, LI 15, SJ 13, SI 9, G 15. I taped Apbong
to release the pain.
# 21. Elbow pain: H3, LU 5, LI 4, LI 11, SJ 9, SI 7, G 15, G 19
# 22. Low back pain or sciatica: R 5, R 4, R 3, R 2, B 19, B 25, D 2, G 12, B 26, B 27, B 28, G 15,
B 32, G 19
I used Apbong with water-proof tape over these points. Within thirty minutes, they felt better.
# 23. Amenorrhea: R 6, R 5, R 4, ST 26, SP 10, SP 8, SP 6, B 13, B 19, D 4, LI 4, LR 3
# 24. Menstrual pains: P 6, R 6, R 5, R 4, B 19, SP 10, SP 6, SP 4, LR 3,
LR 2, LI 4, R 11

# 25. Tooth aches: LI 19, ST 5, P 6, SP 4, K 4, LI 4, LI 10, LI 11, G 7, ST 2
# 26. Facial contusion with swelling and black eye: Blood letting on the facial legion on the
fingers bilaterally, then give 2 Yunnan Baiyao capsules. This will release facial pain and also
reduce swelling and black eyes significantly.

Acupuncture Research Issues

The placebo-controlled RCT paradigm is hard to adapt to acupuncture. Despite what less-
informed medical acupuncturists think, there is no such thing as a "sham" acupuncture point.
There are hundreds of extra points located off the regular 14 meridians. (In fact, author and
Chinese Medicine teacher Philippe Sionneau says there are at least 800.) Traditionally, any
pressure on the skin can be therapy; cupping, plum-blossom and acupressure are several non-
acupuncture therapies on acupuncture points. Japanese acupuncture often uses needling that does
not completely penetrate the dermal layer. Moreover, it may not be retained after the initial
puncture. Even though the stimulus is subtle, this does not mean that it has no effect. That, in
itself, needs to be studied.7

Research in Korean Hand Acupuncture

Since 1971, there has been much research regarding Korean Hand Acupuncture.8
In 1987, Dr. Yoo brought Korean Hand acupuncture with him to the United Stated where
American practitioners and members of the medical community entered the research. As a result,
Korean Hand acupuncture has become a popular and less time-consuming means for patients to
receive the health benefits of acupuncture.8 However, considering the amount of research done in
this field, the research articles themselves are actually difficult to find.
When I was searched journals on Korean Hand Acupuncture research, I found that it had been
done in Korea, Austria, UK, and US. All the research journals used acupuncture point names from
Dr. Yoos book. The researchers were comparing the effectiveness of body acupuncture versus
hand acupuncture and trying to find out if it was really working.
This research was effective and they made a comparison with body acupuncture points such as P
6, LI 2, and R 22. (In Korean Hand Acupuncture research, the points were P6 (K-K9), LI 2 (K-
D2), and R 22 (K-A20)).13

Several examples follow:

Nausea and Vomiting after Abdominal Hysterectomy: 1 group each for 2 points, and one placebo
group. Capsicum plaster at either the Korean hand acupuncture point K-D2 or the Pericardium 6
acupoint reduces postoperative nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing abdominal
hysterectomy. (160 subjects were studied).7
Like much TCM acupuncture research, only a few points were used as research projects; they
were either single point or pair points. Other research regarding post-stroke and Parkinsons
Disease points were not mentioned.
This research was done in a hospital setting in Korea, England, Austria, and, in one case, in North
Carolina. In Maryland at Andrews Air Force Base, researchers used clinical treatment trials with
Korean Hand Acupuncture and the doctors experienced a renewed success with auriculotherapy.
They are now doing clinical trials of over 100 patients to determine the clinical benefits and cost
outcomes.9 Most research was done by MDs, anesthesiologists and nursing teams, with some
acupuncturists joining the research projects. However, I could not find any research that was done
solely by licensed acupuncturists or groups of TCM doctors.

Motion sickness patients during prehospital trauma care (EMTs with the Vienna Red Cross): 100
patients with minor trauma, separated into a P6 (K-K9) group and a sham acupressure group.
The EMTs used Korean Hand acupressure on P6 in order to alleviate nausea during the
transportation of their patients. This relatively simple treatment worked well and the patients were
very satisfied with their care.10

Stroke Care and Parkinsons Disease using Korean Hand Acupuncture with allopathic Western
Medicine: 2 groups, 1 using Korean Hand acupressure and the other, sham acupressure.
Altogether, 160 patients participated in this study.
This research was performed by the Graduate School of East-West Medical Science, Kyung Hee
University and University of North Carolina Program on Integrative Medicine, Department of
Neurology Outpatients.11,12 The purpose of this research was to determine the effectiveness of
prophylactic Korean Hand acupressure on P6 and LI2 for preventing vomiting in women who had
undergone minor gynecological laparoscopic surgery. Researchers concluded that P6 and LI2
were effective methods for reducing post-operative nausea and vomiting after abdominal

Korean Hand Acupuncture Experience in Pediatric Patients: 106 children and adolescents.
This research was performed in Baltimore, Maryland with children and adolescents with acute or
chronic pain-related conditions over a period of 6 months, using the principles of Dr. Yoo. The
children rated their pain on a scale of 1 to 10 prior to entering the study and only those with a
rating of over 5 were used for the research. A total of 180 patients received hand acupuncture
treatments. The overall reaction from children and their parents was very positive; they were
quite impressed with the improvement from Korean Hand acupuncture. The results suggest that
Korean hand acupuncture can be used safely and effectively with pediatric patients.14

In the end, all those who participated in the research came to the same conclusion: Korean Hand
acupuncture or acupressure offers the same healing potential as more traditional varieties without
any special procedures or time-consuming redressing.2
I am hoping that in the future, many TCM practitioners will learn to use Korean Hand
Acupuncture. This will enable them to conduct research regarding Korean Hand Acupuncture
alone or in conjunction with other medical professionals.

Based on my experience with Sujichim (hand acupuncture), I have come to the conclusion that the
utilization of hand acupuncture is a beneficial practice, particularly during the times when body
acupuncture is difficult, risky or uncomfortable for the patient.
I have used Sujichim and shang images more and more over time and the results have been
very good. These positive experiences have encouraged me to continue with my study and
practice of hand acupuncture. Toward this end, I have translated the hand acupuncture manual
Sujichim with the intention of passing on information contained in it to my readers and colleagues.
As a result, they can achieve the same, or perhaps even better, results.

1. Youngkwun, Kim. (1993). Algishuiwoon Sujichim. Korea: Taiwoong Press.
2. Xinnong, Cheng. (1998). Chinese Acupuncture and Moxibustion. China: Foreign Languages
3. Deadman, Peter, & Al-Khafaji, Mazin. (1998). A Manual of Acupuncture. Michigan: Cushing
Malloy, Inc.
4. Advanced Textbook on Traditional Chinese Medicine and Pharmacology (Vol. I.). (2002).
China: New World Press.
5. Yoo, Tae Woo, O.M.D., Ph.D. (2001). Koryo Hand Therapy. (Revised & Enlarged 2nd ed.).
Korea: Eum Yang Mekjin Publishing Company.

6. Clayton, Thomas L.,M.D. (1997). Tabers Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. (18th ed.).
Philadelphia: F.A Davis Company.

7. Carter, Brian Benjamin. Acupuncture Research (1996-2003).

8. Korean Hand Acupuncture as a Means to Healthier Living

9. Neimtzow, Richard C., MD, PhD, MPH (May 2006). Helping The Traumatic Amputee Military
Member: Ear And Scalp Acupuncture. Medical Acupuncture a Journal for Physicians By
Physicians. Vol. 17: 3. Retrieved August 18, 2007, from

10. Bertalanffy, Petra,MD, Hoerauf, Klaus,MD, Roman Fleischhackl, MD, et al.

Korean Hand Acupressure for Motion Sickness in Prehospital Trauma Care: A Prospective,
Randomized, Double-Blinded Trial in a Geriatric Population. Anesthesia Analg,.2004, 98:220-3.
11. Boehler, M, MD, Mitterschiffthaler, G.,MD, Schlager, A.,MD.
Korean Hand Acupressure Reduces Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting After Gynecological
Laparoscopic Surgery.University Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine,
University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.

12. Kyo S. Kim, MD PhD, Min S. Koo, MD, Jeong W. Jeon, MD, Hahck S. Park, MD , and Ik S.
Seung, MD PhD. Capsicum Plaster at the Korean Hand Acupuncture Point Reduces
Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting After Abdominal Hysterectomy.
Anesth Analg, 2002, 95:1103-1107.


13. Park, HS, Kim, KS, Min, HK, Kim, DW. Prevention of Postoperative Sore Throat Using
Capsicum Plaster Applied at the Korean Hand Acupuncture Point. Anesthesia2004:59:647-

14. Jodorkovsky, Roberto A., MD. Hand Acupuncture Experience in Pediatric Patients. Medical
Acupuncture: A Journal For Physicians By Physicians. Spring/Summer 1999, Vol.11:No.1.