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Compiled By: Paul Williams ( gammahammer@yahoo.com ) Table: AMMUNITION SIZE CONVERSION * Gauge Inch Millimeter 4 1.05 27 8 0.84 21 10 0.79 20 12 0.75 19 16 0.66 17 20 0.63 16 24 0.58 15 32 0.53 13 38 0.5 12.7 50 0.45 11.43 54 0.44 10.2 72 0.4 10 100 0.36 9 120 0.32 7.65 173 0.3 7.62 285 0.25 6.35 420 0.22 5.7 402 0.223 5.56

*all figures are close approximations

Presented By: The Post Apocalyptic Forge

Table: BORE SIZE CONVERSION Gauge Inch Millimeter 1 2 50 2 2.5 65 3 2.9 74 4 3.2 81 6 3.7 94 8 4 100 9 4.2 107 12 4.6 117 18 5.3 135 24 5.8 147 32 6.4 163 42 7 178

NOTES: 1. A rough formula for 'pounder' from bore diameter is [(bore diamter in inches - .01) cubed] x 0.13268 = pounder name 2. To get bore diameter [cube foot of (lbs/0.13268)] +.01 = bore diameter 3. Bullet weights are often given in grains or grams. 7000 grains = 1 pound avoirdupois 1 grain = 0.0648 grams 1 gram = 15432 grains. 4. Powder charges are usually given in grains or black powder is often given in drams. 1 dram = 27.4 grains 5. An interesting observation is that there is an inverse (opposite) relationship between weights and gauges. In other words, as the gauge number goes down, say from 20 gauge to 10 gauge, the size and the weight of the ball goes up. A 20 gauge ball weighs 350 grains, and a 10 gauge ball weighs exactly twice that, 700 grains. Or, going the other direction, a 14 gauge ball weighs 500 grains, so a 28 gauge ball, twice the gauge number, weighs half as much, 250 grains. 6. Caliber to Gauge Conversion A short method for finding caliber if gauge is known involves the use of a constant. Caliber = cube root ( 4.664 divided by gauge) Example for a 20 gauge: Caliber = cube root (4.664 divided by 20) Caliber = cube root .2332 Caliber = .6155

For instance.182 = 50.7 x 99 cartridge has a case with a calibre of 12. it could be found with different lengths. we can simply divide 7000 by 28 and see that 28 gauge balls weigh 250 grains each. Where more than one number is goven for the case length.550 inches in diameter. the rim is larger than the body and forms a flange at the base. so their '28 bore' is the same as '28 gauge' or '28 balls to the pound'. Knowing that there are 7000 grains in a pound. The British commonly used the term 'bore' for 'gauge'.725/. Other less common rim types are: semi-rimmed or semi-rimless (SR) with both a small extractor groove and a rim slightly larger than the body. Gauge conversion: If we know the balls per pound for any given ball diameter.50 inch Browning cartridge). The same relationship holds true for any size bore.7mm and a length of 99mm (this is. in fact. Most military cases of less than 40mm calibre are rimless. The length is the length of the case only. or 12 x 4. we now call '28 gauge'.725 inches. belted (B) which is like the rimless type except there is a raised belt just above the extractor groove. that the actual balls one would load would be slightly smaller hence 52-53 per lb. or the inside diameter of the empty case. and rebated (RB. this made a good standard. These are identified by the letter R after the metric measurements. 8.55 caliber'. Metric Designation: The two key dimensions of a cartridge are the calibre and length of the case.7. a 45 caliber barrel would have a "gauge" of 12 times (. then any other caliber can be found by cubing the ratio between the known gauge and the unknown. Since at that time all bullets were roundballs of lead. or RR) in which the rim has a smaller diameter than the body. that is the rim is the same size as the case body and separated from it by an extractor groove. Gauge: One of the earliest ways to designate the size of the bore of a gun was to figure how many bullets for it could be made from a pound of lead. Note again.45) cubed. of course. not including the projectile. ie 12 gauge = 0. . so that what our forefathers called '28 to the pound'. The third identifier is the type of rim. so for example a 12. Most larger cases are rimmed.18. the dimensions of the 0. we see that it is . In time this designation of 'balls to the pound' became synonymous with gauge. If we measure one of those balls. These dimensions are expressed in millimetres. The calibre is the approximate diameter of the projectile. In modern usage that is the same as '.

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