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c PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER

Delaware
P R E S E R V I N G OU R
NATURAL STATE
Audubon Journal Vol. XXIV No.6
July-August 2002

HIGHLIGHTS OF ACTIVITIES
Delaware
Audubon
2001-2002
Soci ety i s a
statewide, Our Audubon Adventures program was used in 190
volunteer classrooms involving approximately 5700 students in
o rganiz ation of over 1500 grades 3 to 5. This program provides curriculum
members. enhancement materials to teach students about wildlife
and their habitats and the importance of conservation.
T he miss ion of De lawa re
Aud ubo n S oci ety i s to Auduboners participated in the Christmas Bird Count, Spring Round-up,
promote an appreciation and the White Clay Creek Clean-up, Coast Day, Christina River Clean-up
understanding of nature; to (White Clay Creek), and picked up at our Adopt-a-Highway location.
pre serv e a nd prot ec t ou r
natural environment; and, to
We presented or participated in a num ber of
affirm the necessity for clean
workshops, press conferences, presentations to
air and wa te r an d th e
groups, and conferences all over the state. Topics
stewa rdship of our natural
include – Energy Forum for Sound Energy Policy,
resources.
Arctic Wildlife Refuge, Livable Delaware, Citizens
All of our activities depend on Right-to-Know legislation, Delaware River dredging,
the devotion of our members Water -Total Maximum Daily Load, Inland Bays,
to conserving and preserving Delaware Estuary, Water Resources, EPA Green Communities, St. Jones
the health of our environment. River Watershed Wild and Scenic River Advocacy, federal energy
legislation, wetlands, storage tank legislation, biodiversity, nutrient
management, land use, birding, horseshoe crab & shore bi rd s,
environmental regulations, environmental advocacy and land acquisition.

IN THIS ISSUE We testified and participated in public hearings in


support of the environment on various issues, such as
Conectiv power line vegetation clearing, Newark
Bird Tales ................................8 Community Action Program, water conservation, open
Books of Interest ......................8 space funding, DelDOT Capital Improvement Program, Federal Coastal
Zone Management Program, Gordon’s Pond, Americana Bayside, coastal
By-Laws Notice ........................2 development, and the Delaware River main channel dredging project.
Financial Summary ..................7
Delaware Audubon was represented on the following regional and
IBA Ceremonies ..................4&5
statewide boards and committees:
Letter From the President ..........2 Bi-State Advisory Council for White Clay Creek Preserve
Officers & Committees..............2 Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Horseshoe Crab Advisory Council
Chronic Violators Regulatory Development Committee
Site Seeing ................................3 Recycling Public Advisory Council
What You Can Do ....................3 Coastal Zone Act Regulations Environmental Indicators Committee
continued on page 6

DELAWARE AUDUBON SOCIETY, INC.


A State-wide Chapter of National Audubon
2 LE T T E R FR O M THE PRESIDENT DELAWARE AUDUBON SOCIETY
2001-2002
Hello Members, OFFICERS & COMMITTEES
Well, spring has been here and past; now for the If there are any issues you feel strongly about that you think
days of the long hot summer. From time to time I Audubon should address, please write Issues, P.O. Box
reflect on what Delaware Audubon does, since this is 1713, Wilmington, DE 19899, or call the office at (302)
the review edition of the journal. 428-3959. Chairpersons can always be reached through
the office answering machine - (302) 428-3959.

I think of all those school children reading and


Honorary Chairman of the Board
soaking up the Audubon Adventures that we provide
Russell W. Peterson
with helpful information about the outside world of President Matthew DelPizzo
nature. I think of all those selfless hours Grace Vice President Leslie Savage
Pierce-Beck has spent down in Dover at legislative hall, bringing voice to Secretary Annette Garofalo
the species that have none. I think of all the years Dorothy Miller has fought Corresponding Secretary Ellen Wright
for open space and her beloved White Clay Creek Valley. I think of Ann Treasurer Mark Martell
Rydgren and all the multi tasking she does to keep our chapter together. I CONSERVATION COMMITTEES:
think of all the board members who have, without any fanfare, sat on Environmental Advocate Grace Pierce-Beck
various state boards and committees doing the layman’s work. Recycling Albert DelPizzo
Dredging Leslie Savage
I also think of Lynne Frink and those others like her who have passed from Proposal/policy Review Dave Chambers
Nest Box Projects Peggy Jahn
this world, whose great deeds and hearts have given Delaware’s natural
Armchair Activists Al DelPizzo
world a chance, in an ever-demanding, resource driven world. I want to Adopt-a-Wetland
thank and remember all who still care for these things - the board members, Peggy Jahn, Kathy Tidball
the chapter members and everyone who makes the effort, thanks again. White Clay Creek Adopt-a-Highway
Dorothy Miller
Matt DelPizzo Important Bird Area Program Ann Rydgren
Programs Committee Matthew DelPizzo
Publicity Committee
Internet-Fred Breukelman
mail@delawareaudubon.org
S P E C I A L M E M B E R S M E E T I N G 7 PM , J U L Y 2 5 Membership Committee Annette Garofalo
Education Committee Kathy Tidball
B Y- L AW S N O T I C E Social Committee
Annual Dinner-Nancy Frampton
Field Trips Committee Peggy Jahn
Notice is hereby given that the following amendment to the By-Laws of
Publications Committee Ann Rydgren
the Delaware Audubon Society, Inc.
FINANCE COMMITTEES
ARTICLE XII Fundraising-Grants Andrew Urquhart
The relationship between this Society and the Fundraising-Bird Seed Sale
National Audubon Society shall be governed by Mark and Susan Martell
Fundraising Birdathon
the Chapter Policy. Ruth Holden, Maude Dayton
Fundraising-Silent Auction Asha Iyengar
which is required in order for the Society to comply with the new Fundraising-Wildlife Sanctuary Open
Chapter Policy of the National Audubon Society (Article XII) will be Fundraising-Piping Plover Suite Ann Rydgren
voted upon at a Special Members Meeting on July 25 at the home of Nominating Committee Matthew DelPizzo,
Asha Iyengar, Leslie Savage
Peggy Jahn, 17 Maureen Drive, Middletown, DE.
DIRECTORS FOR SERVICE UNTIL 2003
Directions to Peggy Jahn’s home: from Rte. 13 turn west at Boyd’s Dorothy Miller Grace Pierce-Beck
Corner onto Rte. 896. Turn right into Grand View Farms and proceed to Ann Rydgren
street address. From Rte. 71/896 turn east at Mt. Pleasant intersection
onto Rte. 896 and turn left into Grand View Farms. DIRECTORS FOR SERVICE UNTIL 2004:
Fred Breukelman David Chambers

DIRECTORS FOR SERVICE UNTIL 2005:


Peggy Jahn Leslie Savage
VISIT DELAWARE AUDUBON'S WEBSITE Andrew Urquhart
http://www.delawareaudubon.org.
Sample educational, informative articles and features. Order books and other REPRESENTATIVES
goodies from the Marketplace! Search the archive of past articles. Visit our photo Sharon Burchenal, Dover; Kay Tebbens Greene,
gallery. Survey legislative updates and Action Alerts. Email policy makers. Milford; Till Purnell, Millsboro
3 “Preserve Our Natural State”
WHAT YOU CAN DO...

L AW N P E S T I C I D E S : SITE SEEING
K I C K T H E H A B I T! This column will suggest Internet
websites that may be of interest
to readers. If you have a favorite
According to the U.S. EPA, most
that you think will interest
wildlife pesticide poisonings result
others, please send the address
from home use. The chemicals we
to us, mail@delawareaudubon.org or call us
use to cultivate manicured lawns and
at (302) 428-3959.
exotic flower gardens pose serious
dangers, not only to birds, but also to
http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/cumulative
children and pets who play there and
Pesticide Cumulative Risk
to the rest of us as they leach into our
water systems.
EPA has posted a web site to provide background information and status on
cumulative risk assessment of pesticides that have a common mechanism of
Experts estimate that 672 million
toxicity (i.e., that act the same way in the body). This web site includes
birds are exposed to pesticides every
information about upcoming meetings related to cumulative risk assessment
ye ar ; 6 7 mi ll io n die. The most
and documents that describe how EPA is planning to conduct the cumulative
dangerous chemicals commonly used
risk assessment for the organophosphate pesticides. It lists ways for the public
ar e dia zin on, chlorpyrifos and
to get involved in the process and has a page that will provide information on
brodifacoum.
other groups of pesticides that are proposed for cumulative assessments.
What can you do?

4 Go organic.
Organic rack fertilizers and limestone
release their nutrients slowly. Or, VOLUNTEER
b ett er yet , go natural and use
compost, mushroom manure or grass O P P O RT U N I T I E S
clippings instead of fertilizer.
4 Mow right. Join the fun! Meet new people!
Mow high (3-4 inches of Do a great thing! Volunteers
growth is best); Make It
Mo w often (don’t We need help in the following areas. Happen!
remove more WE NEED YOU!
than 1/3 of
the blade at V BLUEBIRDS
one time); Bluebird Trail Captain needed for Buena Vista and other areas. Nice
and mow outdoor activity once a week from April through August. Training
with sharp blades. available.
4 Water deeply and not too often.
4 Weed by hand. V BIRDSEED
4 Diversify your lawn. Marketing Manager for our fundraising birdseed sale in October. We
Consider reducing the size of your need more customers. One month a year.
lawn. Replace it with native grasses,
trees, b ushes and flowers. Don’t V NEWSLETTER
plant exotics. Assistant Editor to do standard features. Approximately one week a
month.
National Audubon has a chart:
“10 Commandments for a Healthy If you are interested in helping, please call 428-3959 and leave a
Yard” that you can request by message.
e-mailing editor@audubon.org.
4
1. Ceremony presenting certification of Delaware’s

IBA
Coastal Zone as an Important Bird Area of international
significance.

Left to right: Robert Chipley, IBA Program Director, Important Bird Areas

Ceremonies
American Bird Conservancy; Governor Ruth Ann Minner;
Matthew DelPizzo, President, Delaware Audubon Society

2. Ceremony for designation of White Clay Creek State


Park and Preserve as an IBA of national significance.

Left to right: Howard Brokaw, Chairman of the Board,


Am er ic an Bi rd Conservancy; Matthew DelPizzo,
President, Delaware Audubon Society; Daniel Niven, IBA
Program Director, National Audubon Society

3. Ceremony for designation of Pea Patch Island as an


2
IBA of continental significance.

Left to right: “Dee” Bennett, Mayor, Delaware City;


M atthew DelPizzo, President, Delaware Audubon
Society; John McDerby, Asst. Supervisor, Fort Delaware
State Park; Clyde Shipman, DNREC, Park Operations
Manager; Rob Line, DNREC, Natural Areas Program
Manager; Susan Love, Delaware Coastal Management
Program

4. Ceremony for designation of Pea Patch Island as an


IBA of continental significance.

Left to right: Matthew DelPizzo, President, Delaware


Au du bo n Soc ie ty; Clyde Shipman, DNREC, Park
Operations Manager; John McDerby, Asst. Supervisor,
Fort Delaware State Park

5. Ceremony for designation of Pea Patch Island as an


IBA of continental significance.

Ann Rydgren, Delaware Chairman, IBA Program.

6. Ceremony White Clay Creek


Left to right: Bill Morton, Supervisor WCC Preserve, PA;
Matthew DelPizzo, President of Delaware Audubon
Society ; Nick McFadden, Supervisor WCC State Park, DE;
Howard Brokaw, Chairman of the Board of American Bird
Conservancy, National Audubon Board member

7. Cake courtesy of Tri-State Bird Rescue & Research,


Inc. and Coastal Management Program.

continued on page 5

4
5

IBA
6 Important Bird Areas

Ceremonies continued

1
7

5 3
Highlights of Activities
6 continued from page 1

Coalition Opposed to Deepening the Delaware River


BUTTERFLIES Delaware Wastewater Facilities Advisory Council
I N Y O U R B A C K YA R D University of Delaware Sea Grant College Advisory Committee
Water Resources Agency Citizen’s Committee
Developing Governor’s Water Supply Coordinating Council
b a c k y a r d Delaware Water Resources Center Advisory Committee
h a b i t a t s Coalition for Natural Stream Valleys
suitable for Delaware Inland Bays Citizen’s Advisory Committee
butterflies is Research monitoring for the Inland Bays
becoming Save Our Wetlands and Bays
more popular. Delaware Partners in Flight
Not only does Delaware Important Bird Area Nomination Committee
it provide a Preservation Coalition for Open Space, Parks, and Farmland
beautiful landscape, but it can also Christina Conservancy
be a n ext ens ion of butterfly Christina River Clean-up Committee
ph oto gr aphy, collecting and Russell W. Peterson Urban Wildlife Refuge Advisory Committee
butterfly watching. White Clay Creek Watershed Wild and Scenic River Management Committee
Pea Patch Island Special Area Management Plan
Unlike the collector or naturalist St. Jones River Greenway Commission
who seeks butterflies and caterpillars
in natural habitats, the butterfly Delaware Audubon attained Important Bird Area designation of international
ga rd en er at tr acts them into the significance for Delaware’s Coastal Zone. Including the White Clay Creek State
backyard through knowledge and Park and Preserve, an IBA of national significance and Pea Patch Island, an IBA
application of habitats, host plants, of continental significance, this brings the total acreage in IBA sites in Delaware
life cycles and the seasons. to over 275,000 acres.

Understanding the lives of numerous We offered field trips and environmental education for
butterfly species will also allow members, elected officials and the general public. In
gardeners to provide as many life- cooperation with the Division of Parks and Recreation,
sustaining requirements as possible. Delaware Audubon sponsored five performances of a two-
act play, “A Sense of Wonder,” an interpretation of the
Some of the most important garden later life of the world-renowned ecologist, Rachel Carson.
components are the flowers that will
attract adults and the specific plants Delaware Audubon continues to operate two nest box projects to re-establish
used as food by caterpillars. the historical range of the purple martin and the bluebird in New Castle County.

Often, several species of butterflies The Delaware Audubon Journal was awarded first place in
will gorge on the blossoms of one category 14D-Newsletters of the 2002 Delaware Press
plant species in the garden, while Association Statewide Communications Contest and
each of those species may require second place in the National Audubon Society 2002
different caterpillar host plants - newsletter contest for large chapters.
non e of wh ich supply nectar to
adults. Although butterflies find Delaware Audubon maintains a web page at delawareaudubon.org.
many domesticated garden flowers
suitable for sources of nectar, most
caterpillars require native plants to • Local species much shade and obstruction of the
successfully mature. Learn the butterfly species in your view.
area and provide for them. • Sun, water & wind
So me of th e ba sic concepts of • Plant diversity Sunny places are good for butterflies;
butterfly gardening include: The more species of adult and larval windy ones are not. Provide a pool,
• Size food plants, the more species of puddle or wet soil. Large rocks in
Gardens can occupy a few square butterflies will use the habitat. sunny places are used for basking.
meters or a five-acre meadow. Provi de trees, shrubs and • Poisons
• Caterpillars herbaceous plant species. Avoid using pesticides or other toxic
A complete garden includes the host • Design compounds anywhere n ear th e
plants upon which females will lay Low plants in front; shrubs and trees garden.
eggs and caterpillars can grow. to the sides and rear to avoid too continued on page 7
7
News & Views
THANK YOU!
The Silent Auction this year offered a
great variety of items and lots of fun.
We appreciate the generosity of the
following donors:

CORPORATE DONORS:
Cameras, Etc.
Ensured Mail, Inc.
Gallucio’s
Horizon Helicopters, Inc.
M.R. Doc’s
Sprint Quality Printing, Inc.
Wild Birds, Unlimited.

INDIVIDUAL DONORS:
Ned Mayne
Olaine Becker
Al Del Pizzo

Butterflies in Your Backyard


continued from page 6

• Moths
F I N A N C I A L S U M M A RY, 2001
Keep in mind that moths and other insects will use the
Cash & Savings 12/31/00 ......................................$50,707
garden, too. Check flowers at night; be on the lookout
+/- Change to the General Fund ................................8,959
for moth caterpillars.
+/- Change to Restrictive Funds: ............................ -7,829
•Nectar plants
Cash & Savings 12/31/01 ......................................$51,837
Asters, black-eyed susan, butterfly weed, dame’s rocket,
grass-leaved goldenrod, green-headed coneflower and
General Fund Activity for 2001:
honeysuckles.
Contributions: ......................................................$31,052
Expenses: ................................................................22,093
Host plants for specific butterfly larvae:
Net Contributions ..................................................$ 8,959
• Violets: fritillary butterflies
• Milkweeds: monarchs
Restricted Fund Changes for 2001:
• Alfalfa, white sweetclover, clovers: orange sulphur
Fund Change:
Nettle family: red admiral
Audubon Adventures Net Grants: ..........................$-7,779
• Wild cherry, choke cherry, poplars and oaks: red-
Coastal Wetlands Reserve: ......................................$- 50
spotted purple
• Locust, wisterias: silver-spotted skipper
Contributions: ...................................................... $25,951
• Tulip tree, wild cherry, spicebush:
Expenses: ................................................................21,630
tiger swallowtail
Net Contributions ..................................................$ 4,321
• Dwarf cinquefoil: grizzled skipper
• Pipevine: pipevine swallowtail
Restricted Fund Changes for 2000:
• Cranberry: bog copper
Fund Change:
• Flat-topped white aster: Harris checkerspot
Audubon Adventures Net Grants:..........................$22,197
Keystone Wild Notes
Wild Resource Conservation Fund
8 B i rd BOOKS
Ta l e s . . . OF INTEREST

Redesigning the American Lawn: A


Search for Environmental Harmony:
Second Edition by Bormann, Balmori
According to the Knight-Ridder News Service, the inscription on the & Geballe. Yale Univ. Press, 2001,
metal bands used by the U.S. Department of the Interior to tag 178 p., $16.95.
migratory birds has been changed. The bands used to bear the address
of the Washington Biological Survey, abbreviated: Wash. Biol. Surv. Every year one million acres of the
Then the agency received the following letter from an Arkansas United States are suburbanized and
camper: much of this land is converted into the
quintessential lawn. Howe ver ,
“Dear Sirs: While camping last week I shot one of your birds. I people’s obsession with the perfect
think it was a crow. I followed the cooking instructions on the lawn often comes at the expense of
leg tag and I want to tell you it was horrible.” ecological systems. This completely
revised and updated v ol ume
The bands are now marked “Fish and Wildlife Service.” documents the progres s of a n
alternative environmentally friendly
landscape design know n as the
freedom lawn. Profiles of individuals,
businesses and highway departments
illustrate the succ es sfu l
implementation of the freedom lawn
which is free of pestic id es an d
fertilizers, seldom mo we d, an d
sustainable. The book also offers a
lesson in the history of the industrial
lawn and how we came to covet it.
Science News
N AT I O N A L A U D U B O N
R E C O G N I Z E S T H E “ JO U R N A L ”
The Delaware Audubon Journal won second place in
the National Audubon Society 2002 newsletter contest
BIRDSEED SALE
for large chapters. OCTOBER 19
Tell your friends about Audubon’s
annual birdseed sale. Watch for
Birdseed order forms in th e
September-October newsletter;
The Audubon Journal is published bi-monthly t WEB SITE copy them and give them to your
by the Delaware Audubon Society. Original http://www.delawareaudubon.org friends. Mark October 19 to pick
articles may be reprinted without permission. t MAILING ADDRESS:
up your order at Delcastle County
Please give credit to the Delaware Audubon Delaware Audubon Society
Park.
Journal and the author. P.O. Box 1713
Wilmington, DE 19899
Editor: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Ann Rydgren t TELEPHONE: Bird Seed Day is Audubon’s main
Assistant Editor: . . . . . . . . . . .Barbara Roewe (302) 428-3959 fund-raiser. Proceeds from the sale
Design & Layout : . . . . . . . . .Maryellen F. Birk t DELAWARE A UDUBON SOCIETY E- MAIL: enable us to contin ue v it al
Printing: . . . . . . . .Sprint Quality Printing, Inc. mail@delawareaudubon.org
programs and initiatives such as
Delaware Audubon Society, incorporated in We can receive contributions through establishing an Audubon Wildlife
1977, is a state- wide chapter of the your United Way payroll deduction Sanctuary.
National Audubon Society. designation. Our United Way
designation number is 9017.