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c P RINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER

Delaware
Journal
PRESERVING OUR
NATURAL STATE
Audubon
Vol. XXV No.2
November-December 2002

CONTROL WEST N ILE VIRUS


W I T H I N T E G R AT E D A P P R O A C H
Audubon Senior Vice President of Science, Dr. Frank Gill, has called on
health and pest control authorities in affected states to employ an integrated
approach to the management of mosquitoes carrying the West Nile Virus.

“Our experience with West Nile in the Northeast shows that an integrated
approach to pest management is the most effective and safest method
available. Audubon advises states to enact measures that will quickly effect
this change.”

“Aerial spraying of pesticides has been shown to be less effective than


But for their cries, targeted, localized spraying. If pesticides are to be employed, a focused,
The herons would be lost limited, and timely response works best. Combining this approach with the
Amidst the morning snow. use of highly effective bacterial larvacides and community and home
cleanup of standing water is the most effective and efficient use of our states’
energies and limited resources.”
Chiyo-Ni
(1701-1775) Gill also notes the effect of West Nile falls primarily on our nation’s birdlife.
“America’s birds—especially crows and jays, and increasingly, it seems, our
beloved hawks and owls—are the most common fatal victims of the
disease,” he stated. “This integrated approach to controlling mosquitoes will
not only help people, but will also help our beleaguered birds to be more
resistant to West Nile.”

IN THIS ISSUE What You Can Do


Integrated pest management calls for elimination of mosquito breeding
habitat, the use of environmentally sound tools to combat the insects, and a
Bird Tales ................................7 more targeted approach to the use of pesticides.
Books of Interest & Other Communities can greatly enhance their ability to eliminate the threat of
Christmas Gifts ........................8 disease-carrying mosquitoes by replacing chemical larvacides with bacteria-
Calendar ..................................4 based products, which kill mosquitoes, but not beneficial insects, such as
dragonflies; amphibians; and fish that prey upon mosquitoes. By eliminating
Dear Audrey ............................4
pools of stagnant water in parks and at dumps, and by allowing some
Letter From the President ..........2 drainage of dammed areas, communities also decrease the available
News & Views ......................6-7 breeding ponds for mosquitoes.
Officers & Committees..............2 Homeowners can help by cleaning out gutters and removing tarps, tires, and
Site Seeing ................................3 other objects where water can collect also prevents mosquitoes from
What You Can Do ................3,5 reproducing.

DELAWARE AUDUBON SOCIETY, INC.


A State-wide Chapter of National Audubon
LETTER FROM THE PRESIDENT DE A U D U B O N S O C I E T Y
2
2002 -2003
OFFICERS & COMMITTEES
Hello members,
If there are any issues you feel strongly about
that you think Audubon should address, please
As you probably all know, the Secretary of the write Issues, P.O. Box 1713, Wilmington, DE
Department of Natural Resources and 19899, or call the office at (302) 428-3959.
Environmental control, Nick Di Pasquale, Chairpersons can always be reached through the
resigned some time ago. We at Delaware office answering machine - (302) 428-3959.
Audubon Society would like to thank him for
the effort he put forth in trying to preserve our
Honorary Chairman of the Board
fragile natural state. It is probably as tough a job
Russell W. Peterson
as one could have in Delaware government. President Matthew DelPizzo
Vice President Leslie Savage
John A. Hughes has been nominated by Governor Ruth Ann Minner to fill Secretary Ellen Wright
the post. Hughes has worked at DNREC for 32 years. We can only hope that Treasurer Mark Martell
he will do as much good as Di Pasquale tried to do, and that he will
CONSERVATION COMMITTEES:
vigorously go after Motiva, stop the Corps of Engineer’s efforts to deepen the
Environmental Advocate Grace Pierce-Beck
Delaware River, and protect our quality of life in Delaware. Recycling Open
Dredging Leslie Savage
Thanks for Caring, Proposal/policy Review Dave Chambers
Matt Del Pizzo Nest Box Projects Peggy Jahn
Armchair Activists Open
Adopt-a-Wetland
YOU’RE INVITED! Peggy Jahn, Kathy Tidball
White Clay Creek Adopt-a-Highway
Members of Audubon are invited to a reception for elected officials on Dorothy Miller
Important Bird Area Program Ann Rydgren
Monday, December 2, 5:30 to 7:30 p.m., at the Terrace at Greenhill, 800
Programs Committee Open
DuPont Road, Wilmington. Publicity Committee
Internet-Fred Breukelman
The reception is an opportunity for you to discuss ideas on numerous mail@delawareaudubon.org
“quality of life” issues which are facing our elected officials. Membership Committee Open
Education Committee Kathy Tidball
Social Committee
There will be a cash bar and a $3 admittance fee. Cheese, crackers, fruit,
Annual Dinner-Nancy Frampton
crudités/dip will be served. Please come. Field Trips Committee Peggy Jahn
Publications Committee Ann Rydgren

FINANCE COMMITTEES
The Audubon Journal is t WEB SITE Fundraising-Grants Andrew Urquhart
published bi-monthly by the http://www.delawareaudubon.org Fundraising-Bird Seed Sale
Delaware Audubon Society. t MAILING ADDRESS: Mark and Susan Martell
Original articles may be Delaware Audubon Society Fundraising Birdathon
reprinted without permission. Please give P.O. Box 1713 Ruth Holden, Maud Dayton
credit to the Delaware Audubon Journal and Fundraising-Silent Auction Asha Iyengar
Wilmington, DE 19899
the author. Fundraising-Wildlife Sanctuary Open
t T ELEPHONE: Fundraising-Piping Plover Suite Ann Rydgren
Editor: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Ann Rydgren (302) 428-3959 Nominating Committee Matthew DelPizzo,
Assistant Editors: . . . . .Mary Leah Christmas t DELAWARE A UDUBON SOCIETY E-MAIL: Asha Iyengar, Leslie Savage
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Barbara Roewe mail@delawareaudubon.org
DIRECTORS FOR SERVICE UNTIL 2003
Design & Layout : . . . . . . .Maryellen F. Birk
Dorothy Miller Grace Pierce-Beck
Printing: . . . . . .Sprint Quality Printing, Inc. We can receive contributions
Ann Rydgren
through your United Way
Delaware Audubon Society, incorporated in payroll deduction designation. DIRECTORS FOR SERVICE UNTIL 2004:
1977, is a state- wide chapter of the National Our United Way designation Fred Breukelman David Chambers
Audubon Society. number is 9017.
DIRECTORS FOR SERVICE UNTIL 2005:
Peggy Jahn Leslie Savage
VISIT DELAWARE AUDUBON'S WEBSITE Andrew Urquhart
http://www.delawareaudubon.org.
Sample educational, informative articles and features. Order books and other REPRESENTATIVES
goodies from the Marketplace! Search the archive of past articles. Visit our photo Sharon Burchenal, Dover
gallery. Survey legislative updates and Action Alerts. Email policy makers. Kay Tebbens Greene, Milford
Till Purnell, Millsboro
“Preserve Our Natural State” 3
W H AT Y O U C AN D O . ..

N O M I N AT E Y O U R S E L F O R A N O T H E R
T O T H E D E L AWA R E A U D U B O N B O A R D
We are seeking enthusiastic people to help guide Delaware Audubon’s activities
and legislative actions by serving on the Board of Directors. Serving in this
VOLUNTEER
capacity entails about eight meetings a year as well as participation in a few O P P O RT U N I T I E S
telephone calls/e-mail sessions. This is a prime opportunity to directly and
positively affect the environment in Delaware. Please submit the name of Join the fun! Meet new people!
someone you would like to see on the Board. Self-nominations are also welcome, Do a great thing!
so don’t be shy!
We need help in the following
The mission of Delaware Audubon Society is to promote an appreciation and areas.
understanding of nature; to preserve and protect our natural environment; and, to
affirm the necessity for clean air and water and the stewardship of our natural WE NEED YOU!
resources.

To maintain the mission of the Delaware Audubon Society, dedicated people


must make it happen. This starts with a strong Board. Now is the time for Board
nominations for the coming year.

As a B o ard me mber , you can take great pride in knowing that your
downpayment of time and hard work will help secure the preservation of a
healthy environment. Volunteers
Make It
Please send your nominations for the Delaware Audubon Board to: Happen!
Nominations, Delaware Audubon, P.O. Box 1713, Wilmington, DE 19899 or
email@delawareaudubon.org.

Nominee’s name:................................................................................................ V BLUEBIRDS


Bluebird Trail Captain needed
Nominee’s phone number: ................................................................................ for Buena Vista and o th er
areas. Nice outdoor activity
Name of the person making the nomination: ...................................................... once a week from A pr i l
through August. T ra in in g
available.
SITE SEEING V BIRDSEED
Marketing Manager for our
This column will suggest Internet websites fundraising birdseed sale in
that may be of interest to readers. If you October. We need mo r e
have a favorite that you think will interest customers. One month a year.
others, please send the address to us,
mail@delawareaudubon.org or call us at
(302) 428-3959. If you are interested in helping,
please call 428-395 9 a nd
leave a message.
http://www.dnrec.state.de.us/DNRECeis/
Delaware Environmental Navigator (DEN). Use DEN to explore the many
types of information collected by DNREC such as permitted facilities,
enforcement actions and environmental monitoring.
EVENTS
4
DEAR AUDREY
From time to time we receive inquiries
NOVE MBER Christmas Bird that we think are worth sharing for one
reason or another. Email your bird
3 Sunday 9:00 am Count Schedule question to Audrey Audubon at
Adopt-a-Highway Pick-Up
email@delawareaudubon.org. Some
Adopt-a-Highway pick-up DECEMBER names have been changed to protect the
on Creek Rd., Newark. 15 Sunday, Middletown innocent.
Come lend a hand for a Compiler-Bruce Lantz
couple of hours and enjoy 378-8469
being outdoors with Dear Audrey
congenial people. We will 15 Sunday, Wilmington We have one baby cardinal with a
be working on Creek Road black bill to go with his black face.
Compiler-Howard
from Wedgewood Road to Brokaw He is just about five days old. My
White Clay Dr. Bring your 655-8076 wife and I think he is unique. He is
own work gloves. A the only one we have ever seen. All
pointed stick for picking 22 Sunday, Bombay the other baby cardinal babies have
up pieces of paper is a Hook Compiler-Andy the light-colored bills. Please reply.
handy thing to use. Dress Ednie Thank you,
for the weather and bring a 792-9591 Tom
lunch and binoculars for
birding afterwards, if you 28 Saturday, Rehoboth Tom - Congratulation s on you r
wish. Any questions? Call Compiler-Joe Swertinski cardinal nesting! I consulted with
the Audubon office 428- 292-1592 Chip Chipley of America n Bird
3959. Meet at the Conservancy among others and this
Chambers House Visitor 29 Sunday, is what his response is. I don’t know
Center north of Hopkins Cape Henlopen which Birds of North America book
Bridge Rd. on Creek Rd. Compiler-Frank he is referring to. It seems all the
Rohrbacker bird books use that title. Now the
10 Sunday 9:00 am 475-5771 question is...what abou t th os e
Conowingo Dam nestlings with already orange bills?
Bald Eagles and Water Hmmm.
J A N U A RY 2 003
Birds. Meet in the parking Audrey Audubon
4 Saturday, Seaford
lot at the first overlook.
Compiler - Glen Lovelace
This is a half-day trip.
302-628-3978
Dress for the weather, as it To: Audrey Audubon
is always colder near the According to the Birds of North
5 Sunday, Milford
water. You may want to America account of the cardinal,
Compiler - Glen Lovelace
bring your lunch and “bill of nestlings and juveniles is
(302)-628-3978
telescope. Please call gray to black, but becomes orange
Peggy Jahn if you intend to by winter.” Hope this helps! Best,
go, 378-6474. Chip

Thank you for all your help. The


little cardinal comes to the feeder
GIVE A WILD GIFT with his mother and father. The
female makes him stay in the bush
N O N G A M E W I L D L I F E TA X C H E C K - O F F and the female takes him seeds and
Please support Delaware’s Nongame Wildlife program with a donation on your the male stays on the ground and
watches out for them both. If you
state tax return.
would like to see him, contact me. I
The nongame tax checkoff is the primary funding source for Delaware’s Nongame live in Delaware just below old
New Castle.
and Endangered Species Program and is Delaware’s likeliest source for matching
funds. The larger the Nongame Wildlife Fund, the more money Delaware can Yours Truly,
garner from CARA for the benefit of nongame wildlife. Tom
Incidentally, I made a feeder from a
Let your tax preparer know that you want to contribute to the Nongame Wildlife bird magazine that said it would
attract cardinals and it has!!!
Fund this tax season.
5
“Preserve Our Natural State”
W H AT Y O U C AN D O . ..

C O N S E RVAT I O N A WA R D N O M I N AT I O N S
Delaware Audubon Society is accepting nominations of individuals 2002 N O M I N AT I O N F O R M
who have made significant contributions to the environmental health
of Delaware. The Audubon Conservation Award will be presented at Nominee Phone Number: ............................
our annual dinner.
Title/Position: ................................................
Th e Awa rd is granted to an individual for their significant Address: ........................................................
contribution, or unusual volunteer service in environmental affairs, ....................................................................
for a period of years. Past recipients have been Peggy Jahn, Lynne
City State Zip: ..............................................
Frink, Gwynne Smith, Rick West, Jacob Kreshtool, Til Purnell, Don
Sharpe, Barbara Lundberg, Leah Roedel, Ruth Ann Minner, Joseph Nominator Phone Number: ..........................
Biden, Winston Wayne, Russell Peterson, Grace Pierce-Beck, Address: ........................................................
Dorothy Miller, Edward W. Cooch, Jr., Lynn Williams, Thomas Sharp
....................................................................
and Ann Rydgren.
City State Zip: ..............................................
To nominate, please fill out the following form and return to:
Award Please provide several brief sentences stating why
the nominee should be considered for this award.
Delaware Audubon Society Detailed information may be required at a later
P.O. Box 1713 date if the Awards Committee accepts the
Wilmington, DE 19899 nomination. This form may be copied if you need
more forms.
Nominations must be received before December 15, 2002.

FEDERAL WETLANDS BILL


What you can do
Federal Senate Bill 2780 and House Bill 5194 propose legislation that will Please contact your legislators and ask them
restore federal protection for millions of acres of wetlands that provide to co-sponsor and support the Clean Water
crucial habitat for birds and other wildlife. Authority Restoration Act of 2002. In the
Senate it is Senate Bill 2780. In the House it
is House Bill 5194.
These bills called the Clean Water Authority Restoration Act of 2002 seek
to remedy a Supreme Court decision last year that removed federal SENATOR JOSEPH R. BIDEN
protection for “isolated” wetlands across the United States. That decision 1105 N. Market Street, Suite 2000
said federal officials could not rely on the Migratory Bird Treaty Act—or Wilmington, DE 19801-1233
the presence of migrating birds—as the sole factor when acting to protect (302) 573-6345 (NCC)
wetlands that are separated from navigable waterways or other wetlands. (302) 678-9483 (K)
(302) 856-9275 (S)
senator@biden.senate.gov
“These wetlands are not isolated from wildlife, they are a haven for birds,
and the Supreme Court decision seriously undercuts their protections,” said SENATOR THOMAS R. CARPER
Bob Perciasepe, Audubon’s Senior VP for Public Policy. “Millions of birds 3021 Federal Building
depend on isolated wetlands for their survival.” More than half of the duck Wilmington, DE 19801
population produced each year in North America comes from breeding in (302) 573-6291 (NCC)
isolated wetlands known as “prairie potholes,” for example. (302) 674-3308 (K)
(302) 856-7690 (S)
Other types of isolated wetlands, such as bogs and playas, provide crucial http://carper.senate.gov/email-form.html
habitat for shore birds, raptors, cranes and other migratory birds. Isolated
wetlands, which are connected hydrologically to navigable waters, also REP. MICHAEL N. CASTLE
201 North Walnut Street, Suite 107
filter pollutants from surface run-off, removing pollutants before the water
Wilmington, DE 19801-3970
is taken up by animals, birds and plants. (800) 292-9541
(302) 428-1902 (NCC)
The legislation was introduced in the Senate by Sen. Russ Feingold (D- (302) 736-1666 (K)
Wis.) and in the House by Reps. James Oberstar (D-Minn.) and John (302) 856-3334 (S)
Dingell (D-Mich.). Delaware@mail.house.gov
6
News & Views
little piping plover habitat left that it newspapers, Delaware Audubon
Updates is very difficult to turn things
around.”
will be sponsoring workshops for
teachers. The first workshop will be
Nov. 21, from 4-6 pm a t Cap e
P U R P L E M A RT I N Last year there were nine fledglings. Henlopen District Office, 127 0
In 2000, five chicks fledged and in Kings Highway, Lewes.
R E P O RT : 1999 six chicks fledged.
To register, contact Linda Gregory at
Fledgings increased at the University DNREC News LGregory@cape.k12.de.us or call
of Delaware Agriculture Campus with 302-645-6686 ext. 232. Please
36 young fledging. Last year the contact her by November 14 since
number was 20. E D U C AT I O N R E P O RT Delaware Audubon Society will be
This month approximately 175 providing pizza and beverages and
The Artesian Water Company boxes we will need to know the number
produced a whopping 70 young this Audubon Adventure Kits are arriving
in classrooms throughout the state. attending. Be sure to include your
year. A spectacular recovery from last name, school, district and phone
year’s ten birds. Cape Henlopen School District’s
Science Coalition Specialist, Linda number (home and school) and e-
Gregory reports, “ My Audubon mail address.
The Purple Martins at my house are
doing about the same as last year. adventure Kit just arrived!!! It is a
perfect fit for the 5th grade eco- A second workshop is in th e
Forty-eight young fledged.
systems kit!” This year’s kit focuses planning stages for Kent and New
on four biomes or ecosystems; Castle County. An invitation to the
Peggy Jahn North American wetlands, deserts, workshops will be mailed to all
forests and coasts. Audubon Adventures Teachers.
B L U E B I R D R E P O RT : Kathy Tidball,
To assist Delaware teachers with the
The largest number of Bluebirds we implementation of these four Education Chair
have ever had at MBNA Deerfield
Golf Course were fledged. Seventy
birds fledged from 13 nest boxes. Last
year there were 65 fledged. J O I N D E L AWA R E A U D U B O N N O W !
The DuPont Golf Course produced
36 young.

Peggy Jahn

PIPING PLOVER
NESTING SEASON
“It looks like we will wrap up the
season with seven chicks,” according
to Holly Niederriter, the Division of
Fish and Wildlife’s nongame and
endangered species biologist. “No
ma tt er how h ard DNREC and
volunteers work to help the plovers
re co ver , we a lways seem to be
hanging by our fingertips. There is so
7
News & Views
P R O J E C T T O D R E D G E T H E D E L AWA R E R I V E R
M AIN CHANNEL AN ADDITIONAL FIVE FEET
In th e lat e s pr ing, the General what course of action they find
Accounting Office, the investigative supported by the data.
arm of Congress, issued their findings
concluding their investigation of the Delaware Audubon is a member of CHRISTMAS
proposed project and its viability. the alliance of environmental/citizens BIRD COUNT
The y fo und a number of false groups who are opposed to the
ass ump tions an d economic data deepening. The report found there to The Christmas Bird Count season is
errors by the U.S. Army Corps of be no clear benefit to the State of upon us! Every winter in la te
E ngi ne ers t ha t, when corrected, Delaware and that the economics of December and early January, for
would change the cost/benefit ratio the project were not justified, and over 100 years, birders throughout
(which is required by Congress to be there remain environmental the country have spent ver y
better than 1:1) to below the required concerns. After the release of this enjoyable days surveying local
threshold. The GAO concluded that report, DNREC gave the Corps 30 winter bird populations for the
the project was not economically days in which to amend the Christmas Bird Count.
justified and the Corps overstated the Delaware permit request. The 30-day
benefits of this project. Started by the National Audubon
period ends September 30, 2002. The
Society as an option to the then
public will then have until October
In Delaware, we are still waiting for common annual winter “Christmas
30 to respond on the Corps’s
Bird Hunt,” the counts are now
t he de cisio n by the Secretary of amendments. The final decision on
coordinated by BirdSource, a joint
DNREC whether or not to grant the the subaqueous lands permit will be
effort between National Audubon
A rm y Co rps of Engineers a made by the Secretary of DNREC and Cornell Labor at or y o f
subaqueous lands permit. In May, a sometime after October 30. Delaware Ornithology. All the data collected
report and recommendation were Audubon and the Alliance strongly over the years is now available at
m ad e t o DN REC by Economic believe that the Secretary should <www.birdsource.cornell.edu>.
Analysis, Inc., after a study of all the deny the permit in total based on the
pertinent data submitted by both the unbiased, expert analysis done by There are a number of counts in
Corps and all those opposing this Economic Analysis, Inc., and the Delaware sponsored by t he
project. Economic Analysis, Inc., is a General Accounting Office report. Delmarva Ornithological Society. A
group of consultants hired by DNREC Leslie Savage list of counts appear s in t he
to evaluate all the data pertaining to Calendar. Find a date and count
the deepening dredge proposal and Leslie Savage is the Delaware Audubon that suits your holiday schedule
to mak e a report and representative to the Alliance to Dump the and call the leader to see how you
recommendation to DNREC as to Delaware Deepening. can participate.

HERE IS A BIRD FOR YOU TO COLOR.


B i rd Ta l e s . . .
In the woods you may hear the Blue Jay
screaming what sounds like, "Thief! Thief!
Thief!" Its loud cries warn other birds and
mammals of an approaching predator, whether
animal or human. The Blue Jay's scientific
name is derived from Greek and Latin words
and means, in reverse, "crested, blue chattering
bird," an apt designation.

For more information and a color picture of the


bird go to our website delawareaudubon.org.
8
BOOKS OF INTEREST
& OTHER CHRISTMAS GIFTS
• The Sibley Guide to Birds in place and offers ideas for
b y Da vid Si bley. Knopf, 2000. promoting conservation worldwide.
544pp. $28.
Produced in conjunction with the Any book ordered th rou gh the
Na tio na l A ud ub on Society, this DelawareAudubon.org book store
stunning guidebook provides 6,600 benefits Delaware Audubon. Please use
dra win gs by th e author’s hand, http://delawareaudubon.org/market.html
illustrating more than 800 species of . Help support Delaware Audubon!
birds indigenous to North America.
Ea ch entr y de pi cts a bird in its
various stages of maturity, while
sitting and standing, and in flight. • Membership in Delaware
Audubon (see page 6 for
application).
• West Nile Story
by Dickson Despommier.
Apple Trees Productions, LLC, 2001.
133 pp. ( 10 3p p. of text plus • Bluebird Nest Boxes
references and index.) $14.99. Order Priced at $20/pine and $25/cedar.
from ddd1@columbia.edu. Order now for yourself and your
T he auth o r, a Columbia U. friends. Please arrange for pick-up
Pro fe ss or o f Pu blic Health and when you order from Fred Jahn,
Microbiology, describes the science (302) 378-6474. Designed by
and drama of identifying WNV, the Warren Lauder, this box has proven
foreign agent, and the link among
dying humans, horses, and birds.
This is a nice background source
wi th ref er en ces and without
journalistic hype.
to be one of the best. Nest boxes
should go up in February before
Bluebirds return to nest. Happy
• Vital Signs 2002: The Trends
That Are Shaping Our Future.
Norton, 2002. 215pp. $14.95.
Holidays!
P ro du ce d an nually by the
Worldwatch Institute, a nonprofit,
environmental and public policy
research organization, this guide
identifies trends marking social,
ec on om ic an d environmental
progress—or the lack thereof. Topics
span food and agriculture, energy,
atmosphere, transportation, health,
and the military.

• Water: The Fate of Our Most


Precious Resource
by Marq de Villiers. Mariner Books,
2001. 352pp. $15.
De Vi ll ie rs provides a global
p ersp ec tive on potable water
supplies and the impact that people
have on them. He identifies effective
water-management policies already