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3 which a Piping stress Sludge Dewaterin engineer must know Machine  August 14.3 is the url=http://www. The following literature will try to point out 11 basic and useful points from the Enter your email address: code about which every piping engineer must be aware.1 from code systems-Hydrotest Vs ASME B 31.3? What does it covers and what does not? MOST POPULAR POSTS Ans: Refer to the ASME B 31.whatispiping. Link: http://www.com/.google.3 which a Piping stress engineer must know – What is Piping ANALYSIS) › 11 MOST IMPORTANT QUESTIONS & ANSWERS FROM ASME B 31. Delivered by FeedBurner OiMryMDnAFA/UgnLUK8I3nI/AAAAAAAAAQc/MovhQpJ4vAE/s1600/untitled.com/asme.com/asme-b-31-3 2/12 .whatispiping.3 WHICH A PIPING STRESS ENGINEER MUST KNOW (HTTP://WWW.3-Process Piping section from my earlier post. What is the scope of ASME B 31.com/? p=44) Pressure Tests of Piping Alternatively refer the below attached figure ( Figure 300.linkedin.com/share? ASME B 31. But UPDATES still every piping engineer should learn few basic points from it.com/cws/share? (https://plus.com/?p=44 (http://www.com) 1.WHATISPIPING.whatispiping.whatispiping.whatispiping.com/asme- Sludge dewatering equipment bible b-31-3) of process b-31-3) piping engineering company.whatispiping.com/asme-b-31- 3#comments)     94 3 (https://www. Subscribe (http://1. But to study a code similar to B 31.blogspot.1.url=http://www.3) Pneumatic Test (http://www.30/7/2017 11 most important questions & answers from ASME B 31.whatispiping.bmp) (http://feedburner.3 is time consuming Zhongding Industry Boiler and also difficult because the Large Industrial Boiler Fuel Oil Gas Coal Biomass Electric etc contents are not at SUBSCRIBE FOR EMAIL High Quality and Best Price all interesting.bp. Best quality and servic and every piping engineer should frequently use this code for his knowledge enhancement. 2013      24 Comments (http://www.google.com/pr tests-of-piping-systems- http://www. Also every now and then it will say to refer to some other point of the code which will irritate you.COM/ASME-B-31-3) 11 most important questions & answers from ASME B 31.

com/ste Movement of pipe supports or connected equipments etc.whatispiping. analysis-of-psv- 3.com/pi elbows-and-bends) BASICS OF PIPE STRESS ANALYSIS: A PRESENTATION-Part 1 of 2 (http://www. (http://www. cyclic effects etc.3 which a Piping stress engineer must know (http://www. (http://www. low ambient temperature etc. for structural grade materials. the basic allowable stress shall be 0. exchangers) 4.whatispiping.bp.whatispiping.whatispiping.com/wr Ans: The piping system must stand strong (should not fail) against the 107-and-wrc-297) following major effects: BALL VALVE DESIGN Design Pressure and Temperature: Each component thickness must FEATURES: A Literature- be sufficient to withstand most severe combination of temperature Part-3 of 4 and pressure. fluid valve-design-features- expansion effect. Stress Analysis of PSV Thermal expansion and contraction effects due to resistance from connected Piping free displacement or due to thermal gradients (thermal bowing systems using Caesar II effect) etc. 80% of the minimum stress for rupture at the end of 100 000 h typical piping system 7. cast iron and malleable iron are the minimum of the following: A brief presentation on 1.com/ba Ambient effects like pressure reduction due to cooling. Wind force.com/loa cases) http://www.whatispiping. 67% of the average stress for rupture at the end of 100 000 h for stress analysis of a 6. two-thirds of yield strength at maximum temperature.whatispiping. possibility of moisture condensation and build up of literature-part-3) ice due to atmospheric icing. Exchangers 3. Air Cooled Heat 2.whatispiping. (http://www. one-third of tensile strength at maximum temperature.3 which a Piping stress engineer must know – What is Piping hydrotest-vs-pneumatic- test) 11 most important questions & answers from ASME B 31.com/asme-b-31-3 3/12 . How to calculate the allowable stress for a carbon steel pipe? connected-piping- Ans: The material allowable stress for any material other than bolting systems) material. What are the disturbing parameters against which the piping system II must be designed? (http://www.com/pi Component self weight including insulation.com/as b-31-3) Piping Elbows and Bends: A useful detailed literature for piping engineers (http://www.blogspot.com/air strain behavior.92 using Caesar II times the lowest value determined (1) through (6) above. Vibration and into Piping industry discharge (Relief valve) reaction forces.com/- for WRC 107 and WRC NatMYfHfQcA/UgnRRbcU1eI/AAAAAAAAAQs/stYVb5oNPqE/s1600/untitled1. rigid body weights along books) with the medium it transport. the lower of two thirds of yield strength and 90% of cooled-heat- yield strength at temperature. Top 12 must have Piping Dynamic effects like impact force due to external or internal books for a begineer unexpected conditions. (http://www. 100% of the average stress for a creep rate of 0.30/7/2017 11 most important questions & answers from ASME B 31.bmp) 297 Checking in Caesar 2.01% per 1 000 h Must have Load cases 5. Earthquake force. for austenitic stainless steels and nickel alloys having similar stress– (http://www.whatispiping.whatispiping.whatispiping.com/ba of-pipe-stress-analysis) Step by Step Methods (http://1.

bp..com/-- GHYlwPG4j8/UgnzxaFReeI/AAAAAAAAARk/KCgHlA1D1Bc/s1600/untitled1. In the absence of more applicable data. What is the allowable for Sustained.75io or 1.75ii or 1..00. It is taken as 1. Sc =basic allowable stress at minimum metal temperature and SL=calculated sustained stress.bp. D=Outside diameter of pipe.bmp) Here. (http://4.pressure and weight Z = sustained section modulus It = sustained torsional moment index. In the absence of more applicable data.feedburner. Mi = in-plane moment due to sustained loads. considering nominal pipe dimensions less allowances.bmp) (http://2. Mt = torsional moment due to sustained loads.g.com/-4IbmzcgXqJM/UgnnXj9JmuI/AAAAAAAAAQ8/KULmgcUQZ4o/s1600/untitled2. INTEREST Select Category fG9oE/UgnxJj7eBTI/AAAAAAAAARM/mYO1HJXOb9k/s1600/untitled3.blogspot..00.g.25( Sc + Sh) − SL] Select Month Here f =stress range factor.00. Occasional and Expansion Stress as per ASME B 31. Ia is taken as 1. The sustained stress (SL) is calculated using the following code formulas: SELECT CATEGORY OF (http://2. 5.. In the absence of more applicable data.g.00. e.bmp) (http://feeds.com/-Q0ThLs6yCDQ/UgnzgdEN.com/whatispip (http://2.bmp) Here. What are steps for calculating the pipe thickness for a 10 inch carbon steel (A 106-Grade B) pipe carrying a fluid with design pressure 15 bar and design temperatre of 250 degree centigrade? Ans: The pipe thickness (t) for internal design pressure (P) is calculated from the following equation.30/7/2017 11 most important questions & answers from ASME B 31. e. obtain the diameter from pipe manufacturer standard. Io = sustained out-plane moment index.g. e.pressure and weight Ap = cross-sectional area of the pipe. SITEMAP SiteMap SI/AAAAAAAAARc/aCvLqvRhsLs/s1600/untitled. Io is taken as the greater of 0.bp.bp.3 which a Piping stress engineer must know – What is Piping 4.blogspot.com/-Vzn30. Ii is taken asthe greater of 0. In the absence of more applicable data. Ii = sustained in-plane moment index.33 Sh Calculated expansion stress< SA = f [ 1. S=stress value at design temperature from code Table A-1 E=quality factor from code Table A-1A or A-1B W=weld joint strength reduction factor from code http://www. e.pressure and weight Mo = out-plane moment due to sustained loads.blogspot.blogspot.com/asme-b-31-3 4/12 .pressure and weight Ia = sustained longitudinal force index. Fa = longitudinal force due to sustained loads.whatispiping.3? PREVIOUS POSTS Ans: Calculated sustained stress (SL)< Sh (Basic allowable stress at maximum temperature) Calculated occasional stress including sustained stress< 1.

even when prompt restorative measures are taken. Category D Fluid Service: nonflammable. Its value depends on component geometry. or aseptic.. 7.1.875.com/asme-b-31-3 5/12 . the design pressure does not exceed 150 psig.3 which a Piping stress engineer must know – What is Piping Y=coefficient from code Table 304. Now accept the available pipe thickness (based on next nearest higher pipe schedule) just higher than the calculated value from manufacturer standard thickness tables. What do you mean by the term SIF? Ans: The stress intensification factor or SIF is an intensifier of bending or torsional stress local to a piping component such as tees. and not damaging to human tissues. Category M Fluid Service: a fluid service in which the potential for personnel exposure is judged to be significant and in which a single exposure to a very small quantity of a toxic fluid.0. can produce serious irreversible harm to persons on breathing or bodily contact. the design temperature is from -20 degree F to 366 degree F.whatispiping.30/7/2017 11 most important questions & answers from ASME B 31. and testing not covered elsewhere in the Code. inspection. For seamless pipe the mill tolerance is 12. High Pressure Fluid Service: a fluid service for which the owner specifies the use of Chapter IX for piping design and construction. So calculated pipe thickness will be tm/(1-0. elbows and has a value great than or equal to 1. hygienic. nontoxic. The term thus applies to piping systems defined for other purposes as high purity. Normal Fluid Service: a fluid service pertaining to most piping covered by this Code. How many types of fluid services are available for process piping? Ans: In process piping industry following fluid services are available. t. tm.5% under tolerance.. 6. Now add the sum of the mechanical allowances (thread or groove depth) plus corrosion and erosion allowances if any with t to get minimum required thickness.3 Appendix D (shown in below figure) provides formulas to calculate the SIF values. Code B 31. with the intent to produce a controlled level of cleanness. i. Category M.1 Using the above formula calculate the pressure design thickness. ultra high purity. http://www. not subject to the rules for Category D.125)=tm/0. High pressure is considered herein to be pressure in excess of that allowed by the ASME B16. caused by leakage. or High Purity Fluid Service. High Pressure. Elevated Temperature. examination.5 Class 2500 rating for the specified design temperature and material group. High Purity Fluid Service: a fluid service that requires alternative methods of fabrication.e. Next add the mill tolerance with this value to get calculated pipe thickness. Elavated Temperature Fluid service: a fluid service in which the piping metal temperature is sustained equal to or greater than Tcr (Tcr=temperature 25°C (50°F) below the temperature identifying the start of time-dependent properties).

bmp) 8.) Ea = reference modulus of elasticity at 21°C (70°F). mm (in.MPa (ksi) K1 = 208 000 SA/Ea.bp. How will you calculate the displacement (Expansion) stress range for a piping system? Ans: Expansion stress range (SE) for a complex piping system is normally calculated using softwares like Caesar II or AutoPipe.bp. When do you feel that a piping system is not required formal stress analysis? Ans: Formal pipe stress analysis will not be required if any of the following 3 mentioned criteria are satisfied: 1.blogspot.com/- xypctFBG_J0/UgoPjyB1pJI/AAAAAAAAAR0/MRpMxfxLod8/s1600/untitled.).com/asme-b-31-3 6/12 . 3. if the system can readily be judged adequate by comparison with previously analyzed systems. mm (in./ft)2 L = developed length of piping between anchors. D = outside diameter of pipe. (mm/m)2 = 30 SA/Ea. if the system is of uniform size. and falls within the limitations of empirical equation mentioned below: (http://1. 2. (in. the same can be calculated using the following code equations: http://www.whatispiping. a system operating with a successful service record (operating successfully for more than 10 years without major failure). no intermediate restraints.blogspot.30/7/2017 11 most important questions & answers from ASME B 31.m (ft) SA = allowable displacement stress range U = anchor distance. or replaces without significant change. straight line between anchors.bmp) Here. to be absorbed by the piping system 9.com/-8g- lXH6Y1Jg/UgoT0MYE79I/AAAAAAAAASE/RalO2xXw4Sw/s1600/untitled1. However. if the system duplicates. has no more than two points of fixation.m (ft) y = resultant of total displacement strains.3 which a Piping stress engineer must know – What is Piping (http://2.

blogspot. and widely spaced).whatispiping.bp.30/7/2017 11 most important questions & answers from ASME B 31. and ia =io (or i when listed) in Appendix D for other components. and miter bends (single. ia p 1.bmp) here Ap = cross-sectional area of pipe Fa = range of axial forces due to displacement strains between any two conditions being evaluated ia = axial stress intensification factor. In the absence of more applicable data.3 which a Piping stress engineer must know – What is Piping (http://2. Cold spring is beneficial in that it serves to balance the magnitude of stress under initial and extreme displacement conditions.bp.0 for elbows. it=1.com/asme-b-31-3 7/12 . http://www.com/- GSpc36YRcCg/UgoapvsL- 0I/AAAAAAAAASk/TQtTM4KyIVI/s1600/untitled4.bmp) (http://1. What do you mean by the term “Cold Spring”? Ans: Cold spring is the intentional initial deformation applied to a piping system during assembly to produce a desired initial displacement and stress.blogspot. Mt = torsional moment Sa = axial stress range due to displacement strains= iaXFa/Ap Sb = resultant bending stress St = torsional stress= itXMt/2Z Z = section modulus of pipe ii = in-plane stress intensification factor from Appendix D io = out-plane stress intensification factor from Appendix D Mi = in-plane bending moment Mo = out-plane bending moment Sb = resultant bending stress 10.com/- BCu04wap64c/UgoWEqCpuSI/AAAAAAAAASU/C0oc6kYdxGM/s1600/untitled2. pipe bends. closely spaced.0. it = torsional stress intensification factor. In the absence of more applicable data.

. it is recommended especially for piping materials of limited ductility.... 11.30/7/2017 11 most important questions & answers from ASME B 31. There is also less deviation from as installed dimensions during initial operation. Factory Price you: Part 1 – What is..com whatispiping.Quality Interview questions for support span for for Equipment a Assured.com whatispiping. – What is. begineer into P Ad MINGTAI whatispiping.com Ad markclimate.com whatispiping. so that hangers will not be displaced as far from their original settings. How to decide whether Reinforcement is required for a piping branch connection or not? Zhongding Industry Boiler Large Industrial Boiler Fuel Oil Gas Coal Biomass Electric etc High Quality and Best Price http://www.com When cold spring is properly applied there is less likelihood of overstrain during initial operation. Piping Layout o Ad yulong1998.whatispiping.3 which a Piping stress engineer must know – What is Piping Aluminum Sheet Few Important points Mark Pipe Bender Top 12 must ha for Stress Analysis Piping books fo based on ASME B. However now a days most of the EPC organizations does not prefer the use of Cold Spring while analysis any system. hence..com Steel Beam Bending Piping Stress Job An article on pipe Basic Consider Machine .com/asme-b-31-3 8/12 .com whatispiping. beginners.

4 (http://www. The equations for calculating the required and available area are listed below for your information from the code.bmp) Related Posts: 1. Otherwise additional reinforcement need to be added.com/-SPc4he6ulUU/UgsDgjew- sI/AAAAAAAAATM/jUGrpffPEv8/s1600/untitled. Please refer the code for notations used: Ads by Google Calculation ASME B31 3 Calculate (http://1.30/7/2017 11 most important questions & answers from ASME B 31.whatispiping. Alignment Check Methodology in Piping Stress Analysis using Caesar II (http://www. This requirement is checked by calculating the required reinforcement area (A1) and available reinforcement area (A2+A3+A4) and if available area is more than the required area then no reinforcement is required.bmp) (http://3.com/differences-in-between-2012- edition-and-2010-edition-of-asme-b-31-3) 3.bp.com/stress-analysis-based-on-asme-b- 31-4) 2.whatispiping.whatispiping. So it is required that the wall thickness after the opening must be sufficiently in excess of the required thickness to sustain the pressure.bmp) (http://1.blogspot.blogspot.whatispiping.bp.com/- Ds7cm0xjJ64/UgojBK4ngiI/AAAAAAAAAS8/FS9c2qE5MDw/s1600/untitled5.bp. Few Important points for Stress Analysis based on ASME B 31.com/asme-b-31-3 9/12 .com/- hl6WE0ZMXQQ/Ugoi7Zht4jI/AAAAAAAAAS0/S31blaRfQQ4/s1600/untitled6.3 which a Piping stress engineer must know – What is Piping Ans: When a branch connection is made in any parent pipe the pipe connection is weakened by the opening that is made in it.com/alignment-check- http://www.blogspot.3 (http://www. Major Stress related differences in Between 2012 edition and 2010 edition of ASME B 31.

com/basics-of-pipe-stress-analysis2)  ANSI B 31.3 (http://www.com/load- cases) 5.com/tag/code-2) Code Equations (http://www.com/tag/process- piping-code)  PREVIOUS POST (HTTP://WWW.com/category/asme-b-31-3) B 31.whatispiping.com/tag/b-31-3) Code (http://www.com/tag/asme-b-31-3) ASME Code (http://www. Must have Load cases for stress analysis of a typical piping system using Caesar II (http://www.whatispiping.3 (http://www.com/tag/code-equations) Process Piping (http://www. BASICS OF PIPE STRESS ANALYSIS: A PRESENTATION-Part 2 of 2 (http://www.whatispiping.com/category/b-31-3) code (http://www.com/tag/process-piping) Process Piping Code (http://www.com/wind-analysis-in-caesar-ii) 6.com/category/piping-codes-and-standards) piping stress (http://www.3 (http://www.30/7/2017 11 most important questions & answers from ASME B 31.3 which a Piping stress engineer must know – What is Piping methodology) 4.whatispiping. BASICS OF PIPE STRESS ANALYSIS: A PRESENTATION-Part 1 of 2 (http://www.whatispiping.com/basics-of-pipe-stress-analysis) 7.whatispiping.whatispiping.com/category/ansi-b-31-3) ASME B 31.whatispiping.whatispiping.whatispiping.whatispiping.whatispiping.whatispiping.whatispiping.3 (http://www.whatispiping.whatispiping.whatispiping.whatispiping. Static Method of Wind Analysis of Piping systems in Caesar II using Pressure Vs elevation Method (http://www.com/category/piping- stress-analysis)  ASME B 31.whatispiping.com/category/code) interview (http://www.com/tag/asme-code) B 31.com/asme-b-31-3 Valve Piping: An article-Part 1 10/12 .3 (http://www.COM/FLARE-AND-RELIEF- VALVE-PIPING-1) Routing Of Flare And Relief http://www.com/category/interview) Piping Codes and Standards (http://www.WHATISPIPING.whatispiping.com/category/piping-stress) piping stress analysis (http://www.

com/stress- intensification-factor-sif) SIF : As per ASME Section III Code SIF is defined as the Fatigue Correlation Factors that compare the fatigue ― June 24. 2017 | No Comment (http://www.com/flare-and-relief-valve- piping-1) ― August 13.com/author/want2learn) AUTHOR: WANT2LEARN (HTTP://WWW.whatispiping.com/high-temperature-and- high-pressure-piping#comments) http://www.whatispiping.com/asme-b-31-3 11/12 . 2017 | 1 Comment (http://www.whatispiping.whatispiping.WHATISPIPING.whatispiping.WHATISPIPING.30/7/2017 11 most important questions & answers from ASME B 31.3 which a Piping stress engineer must know – What is Piping Routing Of Flare And Relief Valve Piping: An article-Part 1 (http://www. 2013 NEXT POST  (HTTP://WWW.com/stress-intensification- factor-sif#respond) Importance & Impact of Stress Intensification Factor (SIF): A Presentation (http://www. 2013 (http://www.whatispiping.whatispiping.COM/AUTHOR/WANT2LEARN) RELATED ARTICLES (http://www.com/stress-intensification-factor-sif) ― July 9.com/modeling-procedure-of- rigid-strut-in-caesar-ii) ― August 24.whatispiping.COM/MODELING-PROCEDURE- OF-RIGID-STRUT-IN-CAESAR-II) Modeling procedure of Rigid Strut in Caesar II (http://www.

whatispiping. 2015 | 3 Comments (http://www.. 2017 | No Comment (http://www.4:05 pm Reply (http://www.whatispiping.whatispiping.whatispiping.but in your equation u havent http://www.3-2016 with respect to its earlier edition (ASME B 31.whatispiping.com/differences-in-between- 2012-edition-and-2010-edition-of-asme-b-31-3#comments) Major Stress related differences in Between 2012 edition and 2010 edition of ASME B 31.whatispiping.com/cold-springing-cold- pull#respond) A literature on “Cold Springing (Cold Pull) In Piping Systems” (http://www.com/2014-edition-of- asme-b-31-3#respond) Substantive Changes to 2014 Edition of ASME B 31.com/differences- in-between-2012-edition-and-2010-edition-of-asme-b-31-3) 24 COMMENTS ARUN (HTTP://STRESSEQUATION) ― December 11.com/2014-edition-of-asme-b-31-3) ― March 3.3 (http://www.30/7/2017 11 most important questions & answers from ASME B 31. 2016 | No Comment (http://www. 2017 | 2 Comments (http://www.3 which a Piping stress engineer must know – What is Piping Few Points for High Temperature and High Pressure Piping (http://www.com/asme-b-31-3?replytocom=77#respond) Please clarify my following doubts 1) the equation provided for the sustain is bit different what i learned ( PD/4t+M/Z+F/A) .whatispiping.3 (http://www.com/high-temperature-and-high- pressure-piping) ― April 26.whatispiping.whatispiping.3-2014) (http://www.com/asme-b-31-3-2016-vs- asme-b-31-3-2014#comments) 14 major changes in ASME B 31.whatispiping.com/asme-b-31-3 12/12 .com/asme- b-31-3-2016-vs-asme-b-31-3-2014) ― September 5.com/cold-springing-cold-pull) ― February 7.whatispiping. 2013 .