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Dec to BCD

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12

M.V.P.SAMAJS

K.R.T.ARTS, B.H.COMMERCE & A.M.SCIENCE COLLEGE,

NASHIK-422002

(NAAC ACCREDITED AGRADE)

SEMINAR REPORT

ON

SUBMITTED TO

DEPT. OF ELECTRONIC SCIENCE

BY

Chaudhari Mohit S.

Roll No. 20,

S.Y.B.Sc. (Comp. Sci.):

2016-17

A seminar report by, Mast. Mohit Suresh Chaudhari.

DECIMAL TO BCD ENCODER

12

M.V.P.SAMAJS

K.R.T.ARTS, B.H.COMMERCE & A.M.SCIENCE COLLEGE,

NASHIK-422 002

(NAAC ACCREDITED AGRADE)

CERTIFICATE

This is to certify that Miss. Chaudhari Mohit

Suresh

S.Y.B.Sc. (Comp. Sci.), Roll No. 20 has completed

seminar work satisfactory as partial Fulfillment of

the curriculum for Electronic Science Course

during academic year: 2016-2017.

Seminar Guide

Head

Prof. Smt.A.N.Ahirrao Dept. of

Elect. Sci.

Dr. M. B. Matsagar

Examiner

DECIMAL TO BCD ENCODER

12

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

Words often fail to pay ones gratitude oneself, still I would like to convey

my sincere thanks to our teacher Mrs. A.N.AHIRRAO and Mr. DHANANJAY

KADLAK at every stage of completion of my Seminar for the fulfilment of the

degree of B.SC. IN COMPUTER SCIENCE and providing me with valuable material

and guidance whenever I felt to need. Also I would like to thank to Department head

Dr. M. B. Matsagar to provide me platform to get performe in seminar activity and

everybody who directly or indirectly helped me in successfully completion of my

Project.

DECIMAL TO BCD ENCODER

12

INDEX

NO.

1 Introduction 5

2 Decimal to BCD encoder diagram 6

3 Working Principle of Decimal to BCD conversion using IC- 7

74147

4 Truth Table 8

5 Pin out diagram and logical diagram 9

6 Application of Decimal to BCD encoder 10

7 Limitations with Decimal to BCD encoder 11

8 References 12

DECIMAL TO BCD ENCODER

12

INTRODUCTION

Encoders are the electronic equipment which converts one form of input

into another one. Encoders are used to generate a coded output from a single active

numeric input. Encoders are widely used in various devices like Calculators,

Computers, Mobile phones, ATM machines and even also in our regular Television.

IC-74147 provides us facility to convert Decimal form of input into Binary form of

output. As it convert Human friendly numerical into machine friendly language i.e. in

the form of 0s and 1s, hence it is quite important to study about this invention in

very serious manner to understand that how this Decimal to BCD conversion

operation perform.

In our 21st century we get digitalized day by day and decimal to binary

Encoder performs very important role to communicate Human being with Machine.

Therefore I choose seminar topic on Decimal to BCD encoder to get proper

information about encoder and spread it unto last student in S.Y.B.Sc (comp.sci.).

DECIMAL TO BCD ENCODER

12

calculated in encoder as below:

Equations:

1. A=8+9

2. B=4+5+6+7

3. C=3+4+6+7

4. D=1+3+5+7+9

DECIMAL TO BCD ENCODER

12

USING IC-74147

In above figure we arrange a circuit of Decimal to BCD encoder. There are four OR

gates are arrange in such a manner that they provides a Binary form of output when

we give Decimal form of input. In above circuit we arrange 10 key point which is

connected to the electric supply and provides decimal from of input to the circuit by

passing voltage in a certain wire. Every wire is connected to the OR gate. We know

that output of every OR gate is 1 when at least one input is high.

Working of a circuit:

When we press key 5 then by pressing key the voltage in the key no.5 flows towards

the wire which is connected to the key no.5, as the wire connected to the 2nd and 4th

logical gate then logical gate no.2 and 4 provides output to the forward in the form of

voltage. This working of a circuit perform Decimal to BCD conversion operation.

Which is shown in below truth table.

DECIMAL TO BCD ENCODER

12 Truth Table

DECIMAL TO BCD ENCODER

DECIMAL TO BCD ENCODER

(Seven segment display)

Decimal numbers into Binary (base-2) environment that computers and digital

electronic devices understand, and binary coded decimal allows us to do that.

In above mentioned figure we see a circuit structure of seven segment display which

is one of the application of Decimal to BCD encoder. In this circuit we press a

decimal numbers which is display on digital electronic device in the form of decimal

number.

HOW IT IS HAPPEN:

When we press decimal numbers then BCD encoder converts it into machine friendly

language i.e. in form of 0 and 1 which later converts into seven segmented output

to the digital screen.

DECIMAL TO BCD ENCODER

For 10 bits input, there can be 210 possible combinations, out of which only

10 are used using 4 output lines.

The discrepancy of 0 output due to all inputs being 0 or D 0 being 0 is

resolved by using additional input known as enable.

Only one time input can be active at any given time.

DECIMAL TO BCD ENCODER

12 References

2.ILERPG

http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/iseries/v5r2/ic2924/books/c0925083170.htm

5. Signaling protocols and switching (SPS) guidelines for using Abstract syntax

notation http://www.etsi.org/deliver/etsi etr/001 099/060/02 60/etr 060e02o.pdf

6. http://www.google.com/search

7. http://www.wikipedia.com

9. http://www.technoasia.com

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