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DECIMAL TO BCD ENCODER

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M.V.P.SAMAJS
K.R.T.ARTS, B.H.COMMERCE & A.M.SCIENCE COLLEGE,
NASHIK-422002
(NAAC ACCREDITED AGRADE)

SEMINAR REPORT

ON

Decimal to BCD Encoder

SUBMITTED TO
DEPT. OF ELECTRONIC SCIENCE

BY
Chaudhari Mohit S.
Roll No. 20,
S.Y.B.Sc. (Comp. Sci.):
2016-17

GUIDED BY: PROF. SMT.A.N.AHIRRAO


A seminar report by, Mast. Mohit Suresh Chaudhari.
DECIMAL TO BCD ENCODER

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M.V.P.SAMAJS
K.R.T.ARTS, B.H.COMMERCE & A.M.SCIENCE COLLEGE,
NASHIK-422 002
(NAAC ACCREDITED AGRADE)

CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that Miss. Chaudhari Mohit
Suresh
S.Y.B.Sc. (Comp. Sci.), Roll No. 20 has completed
seminar work satisfactory as partial Fulfillment of
the curriculum for Electronic Science Course
during academic year: 2016-2017.

Seminar Guide
Head
Prof. Smt.A.N.Ahirrao Dept. of
Elect. Sci.
Dr. M. B. Matsagar

Internal Examiner External


Examiner

A seminar report by, Mast. Mohit Suresh Chaudhari.


DECIMAL TO BCD ENCODER

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

Words often fail to pay ones gratitude oneself, still I would like to convey
my sincere thanks to our teacher Mrs. A.N.AHIRRAO and Mr. DHANANJAY
KADLAK at every stage of completion of my Seminar for the fulfilment of the
degree of B.SC. IN COMPUTER SCIENCE and providing me with valuable material
and guidance whenever I felt to need. Also I would like to thank to Department head
Dr. M. B. Matsagar to provide me platform to get performe in seminar activity and
everybody who directly or indirectly helped me in successfully completion of my
Project.

A seminar report by, Mast. Mohit Suresh Chaudhari.


DECIMAL TO BCD ENCODER

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INDEX

NO. TITLE PAGE


NO.
1 Introduction 5
2 Decimal to BCD encoder diagram 6
3 Working Principle of Decimal to BCD conversion using IC- 7
74147
4 Truth Table 8
5 Pin out diagram and logical diagram 9
6 Application of Decimal to BCD encoder 10
7 Limitations with Decimal to BCD encoder 11
8 References 12

A seminar report by, Mast. Mohit Suresh Chaudhari.


DECIMAL TO BCD ENCODER

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INTRODUCTION

Encoders are the electronic equipment which converts one form of input
into another one. Encoders are used to generate a coded output from a single active
numeric input. Encoders are widely used in various devices like Calculators,
Computers, Mobile phones, ATM machines and even also in our regular Television.
IC-74147 provides us facility to convert Decimal form of input into Binary form of
output. As it convert Human friendly numerical into machine friendly language i.e. in
the form of 0s and 1s, hence it is quite important to study about this invention in
very serious manner to understand that how this Decimal to BCD conversion
operation perform.
In our 21st century we get digitalized day by day and decimal to binary
Encoder performs very important role to communicate Human being with Machine.
Therefore I choose seminar topic on Decimal to BCD encoder to get proper
information about encoder and spread it unto last student in S.Y.B.Sc (comp.sci.).

A seminar report by, Mast. Mohit Suresh Chaudhari.


DECIMAL TO BCD ENCODER

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DECIMAL TO BCD ENCODER DIAGRAM

In Decimal to BCD encoder binary output in the form of 1s and 0s which is


calculated in encoder as below:

Equations:

1. A=8+9

2. B=4+5+6+7

3. C=3+4+6+7

4. D=1+3+5+7+9

A seminar report by, Mast. Mohit Suresh Chaudhari.


DECIMAL TO BCD ENCODER

12

WORKING PRINCIPLE OF DECIMAL TO BCD CONVERSION


USING IC-74147

In above figure we arrange a circuit of Decimal to BCD encoder. There are four OR
gates are arrange in such a manner that they provides a Binary form of output when
we give Decimal form of input. In above circuit we arrange 10 key point which is
connected to the electric supply and provides decimal from of input to the circuit by
passing voltage in a certain wire. Every wire is connected to the OR gate. We know
that output of every OR gate is 1 when at least one input is high.

Working of a circuit:

When we press key 5 then by pressing key the voltage in the key no.5 flows towards
the wire which is connected to the key no.5, as the wire connected to the 2nd and 4th
logical gate then logical gate no.2 and 4 provides output to the forward in the form of
voltage. This working of a circuit perform Decimal to BCD conversion operation.
Which is shown in below truth table.

A seminar report by, Mast. Mohit Suresh Chaudhari.


DECIMAL TO BCD ENCODER

12 Truth Table

A seminar report by, Mast. Mohit Suresh Chaudhari.


DECIMAL TO BCD ENCODER

12 PIN-OUT DIAGRAMES AND LOGICALL TABLE

Fig: pin-out diagram

A seminar report by, Mast. Mohit Suresh Chaudhari.


DECIMAL TO BCD ENCODER

12 APPLICATION OF DECIMAL TO BCD ENCODER

Fig: Application of Decimal to BCD encoder


(Seven segment display)

As we naturally live in a Decimal world, we need some way of converting these


Decimal numbers into Binary (base-2) environment that computers and digital
electronic devices understand, and binary coded decimal allows us to do that.
In above mentioned figure we see a circuit structure of seven segment display which
is one of the application of Decimal to BCD encoder. In this circuit we press a
decimal numbers which is display on digital electronic device in the form of decimal
number.

HOW IT IS HAPPEN:

When we press decimal numbers then BCD encoder converts it into machine friendly
language i.e. in form of 0 and 1 which later converts into seven segmented output
to the digital screen.

A seminar report by, Mast. Mohit Suresh Chaudhari.


DECIMAL TO BCD ENCODER

12 LIMITATIONS WITH DECIMAL TO BCD ENCODER

For 10 bits input, there can be 210 possible combinations, out of which only
10 are used using 4 output lines.
The discrepancy of 0 output due to all inputs being 0 or D 0 being 0 is
resolved by using additional input known as enable.
Only one time input can be active at any given time.

A seminar report by, Mast. Mohit Suresh Chaudhari.


DECIMAL TO BCD ENCODER

12 References

1.general decimal arithmetic http://speleotrove.com/decimal

2.ILERPG
http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/iseries/v5r2/ic2924/books/c0925083170.htm

3. IBM BM 1401/1440/1460/1410/7010 character code chart in BCD order.

4. http://www.se.ecu.edu.eu/units/ens1242/lectures/ens Notes 08.pdf

5. Signaling protocols and switching (SPS) guidelines for using Abstract syntax
notation http://www.etsi.org/deliver/etsi etr/001 099/060/02 60/etr 060e02o.pdf

6. http://www.google.com/search

7. http://www.wikipedia.com

8. Digital System Hardware (S.Y.B.Sc comp. sci.)

9. http://www.technoasia.com

10. Digital Electronics (F.Y.Bsc comp. sci.)

A seminar report by, Mast. Mohit Suresh Chaudhari.