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Precision

Agriculture
Azaras Garabitos
Arnold Figueroa
What is Precision Agriculture?
The practice of managing specific field areas
based on variability within the field.

Managing each crop production input (fertilizer,


limestone, herbicide, insecticide, seed, etc) on
a specific basis to reduce waste, increase
profits, and maintain the quality of the
environment.
Precision agriculture aims to optimize
field-level management with regard to:

Environmental
Crop Science Protection
Economics
Precision agriculture also provides farmers
with a wealth of information to:

Build up a record of their farm


Improve
Build up a record of their farm
decision-making
Enhance
Improvemarketing
decision-making
of farm products
Enhance marketing of farm products
Strategies

Using soil maps, farmers can pursue to strategies to adjust field inputs:

- Predictive Approach: based on


analysis of static indicators (soil,
resistivity, field history, etc.) during
the crop cycle.

- Control Approach: information from


static indicators that is regularly
updated during the crop cycle.
- Sampling

- Remote Sensing

- Proxy-Detection

- Aerial or Satellite Remote Sensing


Precision Agriculture Cycle

Data Collection

Analysis
Farming

Management
Decisions
Data Collection

Boundary Mapping
Yield Monitoring
Remote Sensing
Irrigation Testing

Weather Data
Pest Scouting
Soil Sampling
Soil Moisture

Crop Condition
Analysis

Determining Variability

Determining Possible Causes of Variability

How much do measured soil and crop characteristic vary?

How much the variation affect crop yield and/or crop quality?
Management Decisions

Is it posible to change/mitigate the variability?

Will the change increase yield and quality, and decrease


inputs?

Is the change profitable?

How are you going to implement this change?


Farming

Applying the Decisions

- Variable Rate of Irrigation

- Variable Rate of Pesticide Application

- Variable Rate of Fertilizer Application

- Variable Rate of Seeding/Planting


Global Positioning System (GPS)

Tractor Guidance Yield Monitoring

Cropduster Targeting Soil Sampling

Tracking Livestock
Global Information System (GIS)

Tying information to its Maps and Data


location on the Earth
Layers
Management Zones
History

Fertilizer/Pesticide Analysis by Location


Prescriptions