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Introduction / Key Drivers in the Missile Design and Integration Process Aerodynamic Considerations in Missile Design and Integration Propulsion Considerations in Missile Design and Integration Weight Considerations in Missile Design and Integration Flight Performance Considerations in Missile Design and Integration Measures of Merit and Launch Platform Integration Sizing Examples Development Process Summary and Lessons Learned References and Communication Appendices ( Homework Problems / Classroom Exercises, Example of Request for Proposal, Nomenclature, Acronyms, Conversion Factors, Syllabus )
Evaluate Alternatives and Iterate the System-of-Systems Design
• Mission / Scenario / System Definition
Initial Update Revised Trades / Eval Initial Reqs Alt Concepts Baseline Selected Iteration Effectiveness / Eval
• Weapon System Requirements, Trade Studies and Sensitivity Analysis • Launch Platform Integration
Initial Carriage / Launch
Refine Weapons Req
• Weapon Concept Design Synthesis • Technology Assessment and Dev Roadmap
Alternate Concepts Select Preferred Design Eval / Refine Initial Tech Tech Trades Initial Revised Roadmap Roadmap
Note: Typical design cycle for conceptual design is usually 3 to 9 months
Exploit Diverse Skills for a Balanced Design
Customer ( requirements pull ) mission / MIR weighting
Operations analysts system-of-systems analysis System integration engineers launch platform integration Missile design engineers missile concept synthesis Technical specialists ( technology push ) technology assessment / roadmap
1/9/2009 ELF 3
Utilize Creative Skills Use Creative Skills to Consider Broad Range of Alternatives Ask Why? of Requirements / Constraints Project into Future ( e. Key Drivers Develop Missile Concept that is Synergistic within a System-of-Systems Develop Synergistic / Balanced Combination of High Leverage Subsystems / Technologies 1/9/2009 ELF 4 ..g. 5 – 15 years ) State-of-the-art ( SOTA ) Threat Scenario / Tactics / Doctrine Concepts Technology Impact Forecast Recognize and Distill the Most Important.
and Balance the Cost Effective Measures of Merit Max / Min Range Time to Target Robustness Lethality Reliability Miss Distance Survivability Observables Weight 1/9/2009 ELF 5 . Quantify.Identify.
Start with a Good Baseline I would have used the wheel as a baseline. 1/9/2009 ELF 6 .
Evaluate Prediction Methods for Uncertainty in Accuracy and Precision Precision Accuracy 1/9/2009 ELF 7 .
Conduct Balanced. Unbiased Trade-offs Propulsion Aerodynamics Structures Seeker Production Guidance and Control Warhead – Fuze 1/9/2009 ELF 8 .
they have different configuration geometry 1/9/2009 ELF 9 .8 / R-60 Python 4 Magic 550 U-Darter Python 5 Derby / R-Darter AIM-9L Aspide AA-10 / R-27 Skyflash AIM-7 R-37 AA-12 / R-77 AIM-9x Super 530D AIM-132 AA-11 / R-73 SD-10 / PL12 AIM-120 Mica IRIS-T Meteor A-Darter Taildog Note: Although all of the above are supersonic air-to-air missiles.Evaluate Many Alternatives AA.
.g.Search a Broad Design Solution Space ( Global Optimization vs Local Optimization ) Local Optimum ( e.g.g. Lowest Cost Only in Local Solution Space ) Global Optimum ( e. Lowest Cost Only in Local Solution Space ) Local Optimum ( e. Lowest Cost in Global Solution Space ) within Constraints 1/9/2009 ELF 10 ...
Evaluate and Refine as Often as Possible 1/9/2009 ELF 11 .
" 1/9/2009 ELF 12 .Provide Balanced Emphasis of Analytical vs Experimental Albert Einstein: "The only real valuable thing is intuition." Thomas Edison: "Genius is 1% inspiration and 99% perspiration.
Eliot ( The Rock ) Knowledge comes by taking things apart: analysis. for Feedback Leading to Broader Knowledge / Understanding Design Prediction Satisfies Customer Requirements? No Understanding Wisdom Where is the wisdom we have lost in knowledge? Where is the knowledge we have lost in information?--T. Build.Use Design. We often discover what will do.--John Naisbitt ( Megatrends: Ten New Directions Transforming Our Lives ) We learn wisdom from failure much more than from success. S. Morrison We are drowning in information but starved for knowledge. and Fly Process.--John A. But wisdom comes by putting things together. by finding out what will not do.--Samuel Smiles ( Self Help ) Build Is it Producible? No Knowledge Information Fly ( Test ) Test Results Satisfy Customer Requirements and Consistent with Prediction? 1/9/2009 Failure / Success No Data Yes ELF 13 . and probably he who never made a mistake never made a discovery.
Consider Follow-on Consequences of Decisions Actions Have Consequences 1/9/2009 ELF 14 .
. . 1/9/2009 ELF 15 .Keep Track of Assumptions and Develop Real-Time Documentation It’s finally finished ! .
Develop Good Documentation Mission flight profiles of preferred concept( s ) 1/9/2009 ELF 16 .
L. Configuration Management. Software. “Designing a Better Engineer. Requirements.M.) Source: Nicolai. April 1992 1/9/2009 ELF 17 .” AIAA Aerospace America. Integration..Maximize Strengths and Minimize Weaknesses Preliminary Design – 8% Conceptual Design – 2% Detail / Production Design – 30% Other Than Design – 60% (Test. etc.Effectively Utilize Conceptual Design Group Skills . Analysis. Program Management.
Balance the Trade-off of Importance Versus Priority Production Programs / Detail Design SDD Programs / Preliminary Design Advanced Programs / Conceptual Design 1/9/2009 ELF 18 .
Evaluate Alternatives and Iterate the Configuration Design Define Mission Requirements Alt Mission Establish Baseline Alt Baseline Aerodynamics Propulsion Weight Trajectory Resize / Alt Config / Subsystems / Tech Meet Performance? Yes No Measures of Merit and Constraints Yes 1/9/2009 ELF No 19 .
5 Shock on cowl lip at Mmax cruise M > 1.Configuration Sizing Conceptual Design Guidelines: Aeromechanics Configuration Sizing Parameter Aeromechanics Design Guideline 5 < l / d < 25 lN / d 2 if M > 1 < 10 deg q < 1.2 MMaxThrust = Drag Maximize available volume for fuel / propellant Body fineness ratio Nose fineness ratio Boattail or flare angle Efficient cruise dynamic pressure Missile homing velocity Ramjet combustion temperature Oblique shocks prior to inlet normal shock to satisfy MIL-E-5008B Inlet flow capture Ramjet Minimum cruise Mach number Subsystems packaging 1/9/2009 ELF 20 .000 F > 2 oblique shocks / compressions if M > 3.2 x MInletStart .000 psf VM / VT > 1. M > 1.0.5 > 4. > 3 shocks / compressions if M > 3.
2 s nM / nT > 3 3 < N’ < 5 < btarget .M > .T RT M < RT T Body bending frequency Trim control power Neutral stability tail-body Stability & control cross coupling Airframe time constant Missile maneuverability Proportional guidance ratio Target span resolution by seeker Missile heading rate Missile turn radius 1/9/2009 ELF 21 . b / d 2. c / d > 1 < 30% < 0.Configuration Sizing Conceptual Design Guidelines: Guidance & Control Configuration Sizing Parameter G&C Design Guideline BB > 2 ACT />1 If low aspect ratio.
Wrap Up ( Part 1 of 2 ) Missile Design Is a Creative and Iterative Process that Includes System integration considerations Missile concepts and sizing Technology assessment Flight trajectory evaluation Measures of merit evaluation Cost / Performance / Risk Drivers Often “Locked In” During Conceptual Design Missile Design Is Best Conducted by a Diverse Group Military customer mission / scenario definition Operations analysts system-of-systems modeling System integration engineers launch platform integration Missile design engineers missile concept synthesis Technical specialists technology assessment / technology roadmap ELF 22 1/9/2009 .
iteration. robust. iteration Evaluation of a broad range of alternatives Traceable flow-down allocation of requirements Starting with a good baseline Pareto sensitivity analysis to determine most important. simple. driving parameters Synergistic compromise / balanced subsystems and technologies that are high leverage Awareness of technology SOTA / technology assessment Technology impact forecast Robust design Creative design decisions made by the designer ( not the computer ) Fast.Wrap Up ( Part 2 ) The Missile Conceptual Design Philosophy Requires 1/9/2009 Iteration. physics-based prediction methods ELF 23 .
Outline Introduction / Key Drivers in the Missile Design and Integration Process Aerodynamic Considerations in Missile Design and Integration Propulsion Considerations in Missile Design and Integration Weight Considerations in Missile Design and Integration Flight Performance Considerations in Missile Design and Integration Measures of Merit and Launch Platform Integration Sizing Examples Development Process Summary and Lessons Learned References and Communication Appendices ( Homework Problems / Classroom Exercises. Conversion Factors. Nomenclature. Example of Request for Proposal. Syllabus ) 1/9/2009 ELF 24 . Acronyms.
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com 1/9/2009 ELF 34 .home. Thank you.com Web Site: http://genefleeman. examples. Gene Fleeman Tactical Missile Design E-mail: GeneFleeman@msn.Follow-up Communication I would appreciate receiving your comments and corrections on this presentation. or references that you may offer. as well as any data.mindspring.
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