Z test meth

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Z test meth

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You are on page 1of 3

Pandey UPES

Dr. Krishan K. Pandey

University Of Petroleum & Energy Studies

1. A vending machine that dispenses coffee into cups must fill the cups with 7.8 ounces of liquid.

Before selling the vending machine to a business, the company tests the machine to be sure it is

dispensing an average of 7.8 ounces. The amount of coffee dispensed by the vending machine is

assumed to be normally distributed with a mean of ounces and a standard deviation of 0.05

ounce. A random sample of 20 amounts (in ounces) of coffee dispensed is listed as follows:

7.78 7.79 7.82 7.82 7.87 7.84 7.80 7.82 7.80 7.78

7.83 7.75 7.85 7.83 7.84 7.73 7.82 7.87 7.81 7.88

(a) Find and interpret the 90% confidence interval for the population mean amount of liquid

dispensed by the vending machine.

(b) Is the 95% confidence interval for the population mean amount of liquid dispensed by the

vending machine wider or narrower than the 90% confidence interval in part (a)?

(c) Is there strong evidence, at = 0.10, to indicate that the population mean amount of liquid

dispensed by the vending machine is not 7.8 ounces? You must: state the null and alternative

hypotheses; state the test statistic and its distribution; state the decision rule by both the

rejection region and by the P-value; calculate the value of the test statistic and the P-value; state

your statistical decision and conclusion.

(d) Can you use your 90% confidence interval in part (a) to test the hypothesis in part (c)? If no,

explain. If yes, what is your conclusion?

SOLUTIONS:

Since the population distribution is normal with a known standard deviation, Z procedures are

used. Moreover, the sample mean is X = 7.8165.

0.05

(a) The 90% Z confidence interval for is 7.8165 1.645 = ( 7.798, 7.835). We are 90%

20

confident that the true population

mean amount of liquid dispensed by the vending machine is

between 7.798 ounces and 7.835 ounces.

(b) The 95% confidence interval for the population mean amount of liquid dispensed by the

vending machine is wider thanthe 90% confidence interval in part (a) because the confidence

level is higher.

(c) Hypotheses:

Ho: = 7.8

Ha: 7.8

Test statistic and its distribution:

X 7.8

Z= which follows N(0,1)

0.05

n

Decision rule: reject the null hypothesis Ho if the calculated value Z* of the test statistic

satisfies | Z* | 1.645 or if the calculated P-value = 0.10.

7.8165 7.8

Now, Z* = = 1.476 and the P-value = 2P(Z 1.476) 0.1402.

0.05

20

Page 1 of 3

Dr. Krishan K. Pandey UPES

Do not reject the null hypothesis and conclude that there is no evidence to indicate that the

population mean amount of liquid dispensed by the vending machine is not 7.8 ounces.

(d) Yes, the 90% confidence interval in part (a) can be used to test the hypothesis in part (c). Since

the hypothesized mean 7.8 is included in the 100(1-)% confidence interval (7.798, 7.835), we

do not reject the null hypothesis and conclude that there is no evidence to indicate that the

population mean amount of liquid dispensed by the vending machine is not 7.8 ounces.

2. Computer centers at universities are aware of the increased number of web surfers. To begin to

understand the demands that will be made on the computer centers resources, one university

studied 25 children in grades 7 to 12. The numbers of hours that these children spent on the

Internet in one week are as follows:

5.0 4.4 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.2 5.0 4.8 3.6 4.1 4.6 4.9 4.0

6.7 5.5 5.4 6.7 5.8 5.4 4.8 5.9 5.1 3.8 4.1 6.7

(a) Find and interpret the 95% confidence interval for the population mean number of hours spent

on the Internet by children in grades 7 to 12.

(b) Is there strong evidence, at = 0.05, to indicate that children in grades 7 to 12 spend more than

an average of 5 hours per week web surfing? You must: state the null and alternative

hypotheses; state the test statistic and its distribution; state the decision rule by both the

rejection region and by the P-value; calculate the value of the test statistic and the P-value; state

your statistical decision and conclusion.

(c) Can you use your 95% confidence interval in part (a) to test the hypothesis in part (b)? If no,

explain. If yes, what is your conclusion?

SOLUTIONS:

Since the population distribution is normal with an unknown standard deviation, t procedures are

used. Moreover, the sample mean is X = 5.132 and the sample standard deviation is s = 0.867.

0.867

(a) The 95% t confidence interval for is 5.132 2.064 = (4.774, 5.490). We are 95%

25

confident that the true population

mean is between 4.774 hours and 5.490 hours.

(b) Hypotheses:

Ho: = 5

Ha: > 5

Test statistic and its distribution:

X 5

t= which follows t distribution with df = 24.

s

n

Decision rule: reject the null hypothesis Ho if the calculated value t* of the test statistic

satisfies t* 1.711 or if the calculated P-value = 0.05.

5.132 5

Now, t* = = 0.761 and the P-value = P(t 0.761) is between 0.2 and 0.25.

0.867

25

Do not reject the null hypothesis and conclude that there is no evidence to indicate that the

population mean time spent on Internet by children in grades 7 to 12 is more than 5 hours.

Page 2 of 3

Dr. Krishan K. Pandey UPES

(c) No, the 95% confidence interval in part (a) cannot be used to test the hypothesis in part (b),

because the alternative hypothesis is one-sided.

Page 3 of 3

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