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THE ORIGIN OF OIL IN THE TELISA

FORMATION, SUBAN BARU FIELD, AND


THE NEXT EXPLORATION PATH
Budi R Permana
Yan Darmadi
Iranta B Sinaga
Dede Kusmawan
Asep Saripudin

2016 IPA Technical Symposium


Outline

Suban Baru Field Overview


Regional Stratigraphy
Telisa Reservoir Description & Depositional Environment
Historical Background of The Study
Geochemistry
Regional Geochemistry
Telisa Geochemistry and 3D Maturity Modeling

The Origin of Oil in Suban Baru


Bulk Oil Properties
Oil Fingerprint and Source Rock depositional Environment

Next Exploration Path


Conclusion
Suban Baru Overview
Suban Baru Field is located
in Corridor PSC, South
Sumatra

Stratigraphically is situated
above Suban Gas Field

The primary reservoir is 14


SS in the Telisa Formation

The 14SS consists of shaly


sand

Discovered and tested in


1999 by Suban-3.

The reservoir was POP in


2003 by Suban Baru A-1
well until now

The reservoir currently is


penetrated by 19 Suban
development wells
Regional Stratigraphy
Regionally Telisa Formation was
deposited in open marine
environment

Suban Baru

Paleogeography of Telisa/Gumai Formation


(Ginger and Fielding, 2005)
Telisa 14SS Sandstone Reservoir Presence
Net Sand Map 14SS

2001

In 2001, 14 SS was interpreted as localized


sand body around Suban-3, due to limited
well data.

In 2015, 14SS was re-interpreted using 19


wells data from development wells of Suban 2015
Gas Field.

New wells data show that the sand was


deposited over half of field
Telisa Reservoir Description 14SS

0.2 200 The lithology of Telisa Formation is


predominantly sandstone interbedded
with shale and some limestone streak
The reservoir consists of laminated sand,
most of it less than 5 mm

The presence of kaolinite reduce


50 meter

gamma ray radioactive


Telisa Reservoir Description-14SS
10 meter

The sandstones are generally described as


interlaminated bioclastic sandstone and
claystone, with occasional bioclastic
calcareous sandstone. These sandstone are
classified as arkose (Folks, 1980).
Telisa Reservoir Description- 13SS
10 meter
Depositional Environment-Biostratigraphy

Biostratigraphy analysis of
Telisa Formation in Suban
Baru Field suggests that the
sand was deposited on shelf
environment- it confirms
Ginger and Fielding work

Seismic data is very limited to


support EOD interpretation
currently propose to
reprocess seismic
Historical Background Field Development
Suban Baru A-1 is
producing since 2003 with
relatively small decline rate

Proposed to do further
development by horizontal
wells with hydraulic multi-
fracturing
SB-A1
MeterSS
SB-A2 trajectory
This type of well was
proposed due to the
characteristic of the Telisa
1000m
reservoir
Regional Geochemistry
Current studies (Robinson, 1987;
Suseno, et al., 1992; Ginger and
Fielding, 2005; Satyana and
Purwaningsih, 2013) concluded that
the main source rocks in prolific
South Sumatra Basin are Talang Akar
and Lemat Formation

Some authors (Sarjono and Sardjito,


1989) indicated that Telisa
Formation has a potential source
rock such as in South Palembang
Sub-Basin

Telisa Formation reached the


maturation in Central Palembang
Sub-Basin (Ginger and Fielding,
2005)

Is the oil in Suban Baru coming


from Telisa Formation?
Telisa Formation Geochemistry

Top Telisa Structure Map

Geochemical Data from 7 wells from the Corridor and South Jambi Blocks were used in this analysis
The geochemistry analysis focused on the Telisa Formation
All the data are located on the crest area
Telisa Formation Geochemistry

5 km 900

SBU-1 is the deepest geochemistry data that is available


3000

Telisa Formation has the richness fair to good


The data demonstrates that Telisa Formation is early mature
3D Maturity Model of Telisa Formation at Current Condition
Telisa Ro

Immature Mature
0.6
Mature Kitchen with Ro > 0.6

Suban Baru Main Kitchen located


0.6 SW part of Suban Baru

Is the oil in Suban Baru


coming from Telisa
Formation?

Based on this model Telisa Formation at Suban Baru structure is not mature hence hydrocarbon
accumulation requires some migration from source to reservoir
Oil Bulk Properties

Suban Baru Oil

APIo : 41

H2S :0%

CO2 : 0.07%

N2 : 0.04%

Source Rock Sulfur


depositional (H2S) wax Pristane/
Environment APIo wt % C31/C19 Pristane/C17 Phytane
Marine 25-40 >0.2 <0.4 <0.1 <3
Fluvio detaic 30-50 <0.2 >0.1
Lacustrine Varies <0.2 >0.4 <3
After Robinson, 1987
Suban Baru 41 0 0.33 0.59 1.93
The oil does not seem coming from Telisa Formation that was deposited in marine environment
Oil Fingerprint-Suban Baru A-1
Typical Oil GC

Fluvio-Deltaic

Lacustrine

Marine Gas-Chromatograms doesnt show Suban Baru oil coming from marine
Robinson, 1987 nor terrestrial environment
Mixed environment is suggested to the environment of the source rock
that generated oil for Suban Baru
Gas chromatogram Analysis

Modified after Robinson, 1987


Source
Source Rock
Rock Sulfur
Sulfur
depositional
depositional (H
(H22S)
S) wax
wax Pristane/
Pristane/
o
Environment
Environment API
APIo wt
wt %% C31/C19
C31/C19 Pristane/C17
Pristane/C17 Phytane
Phytane
Marine
Marine 25-40
25-40 >0.2
>0.2 <0.4
<0.4 <0.1
<0.1 <3
<3
Fluvio
Fluvio detaic
detaic 30-50
30-50 <0.2
<0.2 >0.1
>0.1
Lacustrine
Lacustrine Varies
Varies <0.2
<0.2 >0.4
>0.4 <3
<3

Suban
Suban Baru
Baru 41
41 0
0 0.33
0.33 0.59
0.59 1.93
1.93

Peters et al, 2005


Gas chromatogram analysis especially Pristane/C17 and Phytane/C18 shows the source
rock was deposited in the transitional environment between marine and terrestrial

Talang Akar Formation is suggested to be the source rock rather than Telisa Formation
Next Exploration Path
If the oil in Suban Baru was not coming from Telisa
Formation:
Does Telisa Formation in the depo-center have
enough quality to provide oil/gas?
Does Telisa Formation have carrier bed to
transport the oil/gas?
Hydrocarbon generated in Telisa Fm left behind?
Next Exploration Path

A well is needed to clarify the source rock maturity at the depo-center


near Suban Baru
If the hydrocarbon was not migrating there is a potential for
unconventional reservoir
Further exploration in Telisa Reservoir especially in Corridor Block
have to consider Talang Akar as the source rock
Conclusion

Telisa Formation in Central Palembang Sub-Basin mainly deposited in


an open marine environment
This formation has a potential as source rock in this basin with
richness fair to good
Telisa source rock is suggested to be mature basinward
Suban Baru reservoir is not unconventional reservoir and the oil is
suggested to come from Talang Akar source rock
A potential of unconventional play was captured to the south west
area of Suban Baru
A well is needed to clarify the maturity of Telisa Formation at depo-
center area
Acknowledgment

We would like to thank:

MIGAS for permission to publish the data


SKK MIGAS to trigger this study
Management ConocoPhillips Indonesia
Partners (Repsol and Pertamina Hulu Energy)