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aluminium sulfate, hydrated


Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet Version No: 4 Chemwatch 21911
Issue Date: 13-Nov-2009
X9317SP

PRODUCT NAME
aluminium sulfate, hydrated
SYNONYMS
Al3/2H2O4S.9H2O, Al2(SO4)18H2O, Al3/2H2O4S.17/2H2O, Al2(SO4)17H2O, heptadecahydrate, "aluminium sulphate",
"aluminum sulphate, hydrated", "dialuminium sulfate", "aluminium trisulfate", "dialuminium trisulphate", "sulphuric acid, aluminium
salt", "filter alum", "cake alum"
PRODUCT USE
As filter Alum the material is a very high volume industrial chemical. Sizing of paper, lakes, dyeing mordant, fire proofing of fabrics.
Water repellent treatment of concrete, foaming agent in fire fighting foams. White leather tannage, pH control in paper industry.
Deodorizer and decolourizer in petroleum refining, Flocculating agent for water purification. Sewerage effluent treatment.
SUPPLIER
Company: VWR International, Pty Ltd
Address:
Unit 1/31 Archimedes Place
Murarrie, QLD 4172
Australia
Telephone: 61 7 3009 4100
Emergency Tel: 61 7 3009 4100 (Monday - Friday 8:30am - 5:00pm; General Information)
Fax: 61 7 3009 4199

STATEMENT OF HAZARDOUS NATURE


HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE. NON-DANGEROUS GOODS. According to the Criteria of NOHSC, and the ADG
Code.

CHEMWATCH HAZARD RATINGS


Min Max

Flammability: 0

Toxicity: 2

Body Contact: 3 Min/Nil=0


Low=1
Reactivity: 0 Moderate=2
High=3
Chronic: 2 Extreme=4

POISONS SCHEDULE
None

RISK SAFETY
Risk of serious damage to eyes. Do not breathe dust.
Ingestion may produce health
Avoid contact with skin.
damage*.
Cumulative effects may result
Avoid contact with eyes.
following exposure*.
* (limited evidence). Wear eye/ face protection.
To clean the floor and all objects contaminated by this material, use
water.
In case of contact with eyes, rinse with plenty of water and contact
Doctor or Poisons Information Centre.
If swallowed, IMMEDIATELY contact Doctor or Poisons Information
Centre (show this container or label).

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aluminium sulfate, hydrated


Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet Version No: 4 Chemwatch 21911
Issue Date: 13-Nov-2009
X9317SP

NAME CAS RN %
aluminium sulfate, hydrated 7784-31-8 >98
as
aluminium sulfate 10043-01-3
hydrolysis produces
sulfuric acid 7664-93-9

SWALLOWED
If swallowed do NOT induce vomiting.
If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down position, if possible) to maintain open airway and
prevent aspiration.
Observe the patient carefully.
Never give liquid to a person showing signs of being sleepy or with reduced awareness; i.e. becoming unconscious.
EYE
If this product comes in contact with the eyes:
Immediately hold eyelids apart and flush the eye continuously with running water.
Ensure complete irrigation of the eye by keeping eyelids apart and away from eye and moving the eyelids by occasionally lifting
the upper and lower lids.
Continue flushing until advised to stop by the Poisons Information Centre or a doctor, or for at least 15 minutes.
Transport to hospital or doctor without delay.
SKIN
If skin or hair contact occurs:
Flush skin and hair with running water (and soap if available).
Seek medical attention in event of irritation.
INHALED
If dust is inhaled, remove from contaminated area.
Encourage patient to blow nose to ensure clear passage of breathing.
If irritation or discomfort persists seek medical attention.

NOTES TO PHYSICIAN

Manifestation of aluminium toxicity include hypercalcaemia, anaemia, Vitamin D refractory osteodystrophy and a progressive
encephalopathy (mixed dysarthria-apraxia of speech, asterixis, tremulousness, myoclonus, dementia, focal seizures). Bone
pain, pathological fractures and proximal myopathy can occur.
Symptoms usually develop insidiously over months to years (in chronic renal failure patients) unless dietary aluminium loads
are excessive.
Serum aluminium levels above 60 ug/ml indicate increased absorption. Potential toxicity occurs above 100 ug/ml and clinical
symptoms are present when levels exceed 200 ug/ml.
Deferoxamine has been used to treat dialysis encephalopathy and osteomalacia. CaNa2EDTA is less effective in chelating
aluminium.

EXTINGUISHING MEDIA
There is no restriction on the type of extinguisher which may be used.
Use extinguishing media suitable for surrounding area.
FIRE FIGHTING
Alert Fire Brigade and tell them location and nature of hazard.
Wear breathing apparatus plus protective gloves for fire only.
Prevent, by any means available, spillage from entering drains or water courses.
Use fire fighting procedures suitable for surrounding area.
FIRE/EXPLOSION HAZARD
Non combustible.
Not considered a significant fire risk, however containers may burn.
Decomposition may produce toxic fumes of: sulfur oxides (SOx), metal oxides.
May emit poisonous fumes.
May emit corrosive fumes.

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aluminium sulfate, hydrated


Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet Version No: 4 Chemwatch 21911
Issue Date: 13-Nov-2009
X9317SP
FIRE INCOMPATIBILITY
None known.
HAZCHEM
None

MINOR SPILLS
Remove all ignition sources.
Clean up all spills immediately.
Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
Control personal contact by using protective equipment.
MAJOR SPILLS
Moderate hazard.
CAUTION: Advise personnel in area.
Alert Emergency Services and tell them location and nature of hazard.
Control personal contact by wearing protective clothing.
Prevent, by any means available, spillage from entering drains or water courses.

Personal Protective Equipment advice is contained in Section 8 of the MSDS.

PROCEDURE FOR HANDLING


Avoid all personal contact, including inhalation.
Wear protective clothing when risk of exposure occurs.
Use in a well-ventilated area.
Prevent concentration in hollows and sumps.
SUITABLE CONTAINER
DO NOT use aluminium, galvanised or tin-plated containers
Polyethylene or polypropylene container.
Check all containers are clearly labelled and free from leaks.
STORAGE INCOMPATIBILITY
Metals and their oxides or salts may react violently with chlorine trifluoride and bromine trifluoride.
These trifluorides are hypergolic oxidisers. They ignites on contact (without external source of heat or ignition) with recognised
fuels - contact with these materials, following an ambient or slightly elevated temperature, is often violent and may produce
ignition.
The state of subdivision may affect the results.
In presence of moisture, the material is corrosive to aluminium, zinc and tin producing highly flammable hydrogen gas.
Aluminium sulfate
forms sulfuric acid in water
reacts violently with bases and many other materials
dry material is weakly corrosive to carbon steel; aqueous solution attacks aluminium and other metals forming hydrogen gas

PACKAGING MATERIAL INCOMPATIBILITIES


Chemical Name Container Type
Aluminum Sulfate "Acetal (Delrinr)", Aluminum, "Carbon Steel", "Carpenter 20", "Cast iron", Copper, Polyurethane
STORAGE REQUIREMENTS
Store in original containers.
Keep containers securely sealed.
Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area.
Store away from incompatible materials and foodstuff containers.

EXPOSURE CONTROLS
TWA TWA STEL STEL Peak Peak TWA
Source Material Notes
ppm mg/m ppm mg/m ppm mg/m F/CC
Australia aluminium sulfate,
Exposure hydrated (Aluminium, 2
Standards soluble salts (as Al))

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aluminium sulfate, hydrated


Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet Version No: 4 Chemwatch 21911
Issue Date: 13-Nov-2009
X9317SP

Australia
sulfuric acid (Sulphuric
Exposure 1 3
acid)
Standards
PERSONAL PROTECTION

RESPIRATOR
Type E-P Filter of sufficient capacity. (AS/NZS 1716 & 1715, EN 143:2000 & 149:2001, ANSI Z88 or national equivalent)
EYE
Safety glasses with side shields.
Chemical goggles.
Contact lenses may pose a special hazard; soft contact lenses may absorb and concentrate irritants. A written policy document,
describing the wearing of lens or restrictions on use, should be created for each workplace or task. This should include a review
of lens absorption and adsorption for the class of chemicals in use and an account of injury experience. Medical and first-aid
personnel should be trained in their removal and suitable equipment should be readily available. In the event of chemical
exposure, begin eye irrigation immediately and remove contact lens as soon as practicable. Lens should be removed at the first
signs of eye redness or irritation - lens should be removed in a clean environment only after workers have washed hands
thoroughly. [CDC NIOSH Current Intelligence Bulletin 59], [AS/NZS 1336 or national equivalent]
HANDS/FEET
Suitability and durability of glove type is dependent on usage. Important factors in the selection of gloves include:
frequency and duration of contact,
chemical resistance of glove material,
glove thickness and
dexterity
Experience indicates that the following polymers are suitable as glove materials for protection against undissolved, dry solids,
where abrasive particles are not present.
polychloroprene
nitrile rubber
butyl rubber
fluorocaoutchouc
OTHER
Overalls.
P.V.C. apron.
Barrier cream.
Skin cleansing cream.
ENGINEERING CONTROLS
Engineering controls are used to remove a hazard or place a barrier between the worker and the hazard. Well-designed
engineering controls can be highly effective in protecting workers and will typically be independent of worker interactions to provide
this high level of protection.
The basic types of engineering controls are:
Process controls which involve changing the way a job activity or process is done to reduce the risk.
Enclosure and/or isolation of emission source which keeps a selected hazard "physically" away from the worker and ventilation that
strategically "adds" and "removes" air in the work environment.

APPEARANCE
White lustrous crystals, lumps, granules or powder. Acidic reaction. Soluble in water. Readily hydrolyses in water to acidic
solutions. The dust in contact with atmospheric moisture or skin tissue forms irritant and corrosive sulfuric acid. Insoluble in alcohol.
Available as commercial, iron free, technical, pure and BP grades. Commercial grades may contain traces of free sulfuric acid and
may be mixtures of different hydrates. Decomposes at 87C losing water of crystallisation.
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Solid.
Mixes with water.
State Divided solid Molecular Weight Not available
Melting Range (C) 86.5 Viscosity Not Applicable
Boiling Range (C) Not available. Solubility in water (g/L) Soluble

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aluminium sulfate, hydrated


Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet Version No: 4 Chemwatch 21911
Issue Date: 13-Nov-2009
X9317SP

Flash Point (C) Not Applicable pH (1% solution) Not Applicable


Decomposition Temp (C) 86.5 - H2O pH (as supplied) Not applicable
Autoignition Temp (C) Not available. Vapour Pressure (kPa) Negligible
Upper Explosive Limit (%) Not applicable Specific Gravity (water=1) 1.6-1.7
Lower Explosive Limit (%) Not applicable Relative Vapour Density (air=1) Not applicable
Volatile Component (%vol) Negligible Evaporation Rate Not Applicable

CONDITIONS CONTRIBUTING TO INSTABILITY


Presence of incompatible materials.
Product is considered stable.
Hazardous polymerisation will not occur.
For incompatible materials - refer to Section 7 - Handling and Storage.

POTENTIAL HEALTH EFFECTS


ACUTE HEALTH EFFECTS
SWALLOWED
Accidental ingestion of the material may be damaging to the health of the individual.
Sulfates are not well absorbed orally, but can cause diarrhoea.
Acute toxic responses to aluminium are confined to the more soluble forms.
EYE
If applied to the eyes, this material causes severe eye damage.
SKIN
The material is not thought to produce adverse health effects or skin irritation following contact (as classified by EC Directives
using animal models). Nevertheless, good hygiene practice requires that exposure be kept to a minimum and that suitable gloves
be used in an occupational setting.
Open cuts, abraded or irritated skin should not be exposed to this material.
Entry into the blood-stream, through, for example, cuts, abrasions or lesions, may produce systemic injury with harmful effects.
Examine the skin prior to the use of the material and ensure that any external damage is suitably protected.
INHALED
The material is not thought to produce either adverse health effects or irritation of the respiratory tract following inhalation (as
classified by EC Directives using animal models). Nevertheless, adverse systemic effects have been produced following exposure
of animals by at least one other route and good hygiene practice requires that exposure be kept to a minimum and that suitable
control measures be used in an occupational setting.
Persons with impaired respiratory function, airway diseases and conditions such as emphysema or chronic bronchitis, may incur
further disability if excessive concentrations of particulate are inhaled.
If prior damage to the circulatory or nervous systems has occurred or if kidney damage has been sustained, proper screenings
should be conducted on individuals who may be exposed to further risk if handling and use of the material result
in excessive exposures.
Not normally a hazard due to non-volatile nature of product.
CHRONIC HEALTH EFFECTS
Substance accumulation, in the human body, may occur and may cause some concern following repeated or long-term
occupational exposure.
Long term exposure to high dust concentrations may cause changes in lung function i.e. pneumoconiosis; caused by particles less
than 0.5 micron penetrating and remaining in the lung. Prime symptom is breathlessness; lung shadows show on X-ray.
Exposure to large doses of aluminium has been connected with the degenerative brain disease Alzheimer's Disease.
TOXICITY AND IRRITATION
No significant acute toxicological data identified in literature search.
CARCINOGEN
International Agency for
Strong-inorganic-acid mists
Research on Cancer (IARC) -
containing sulfuric acid (see Group
Agents Reviewed by the IARC
Acid mists)
Monographs
International Agency for
Research on Cancer (IARC) -
Acid mists, strong inorganic Group 1
Agents Reviewed by the IARC
Monographs

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aluminium sulfate, hydrated


Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet Version No: 4 Chemwatch 21911
Issue Date: 13-Nov-2009
X9317SP

No data
Ecotoxicity
Ingredient Persistence: Water/Soil Persistence: Air Bioaccumulation Mobility
aluminium sulfate HIGH No Data Available LOW HIGH
sulfuric acid No Data Available No Data Available LOW
GESAMP/EHS COMPOSITE LIST - GESAMP Hazard Profiles
Name / EHS TRN A1a A1b A1 A2 B1 B2 C1 C2 C3 D1 D2 D3 E1 E2 E3
Cas No
/
RTECS
No
__________ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
__
Alumini 220 111 Ino 2 Ino 3 1 1 (0) (3) (2) (3) D 3
um 5 rg rg
sulphat
e
solutio
n/
CAS:778
4- 31-
8/
Legend: EHS=EHS Number (EHS=GESAMP Working Group on the Evaluation of the Hazards of Harmful Substances Carried by
Ships) NRT=Net Register Tonnage, A1a=Bioaccumulation log Pow, A1b=Bioaccumulation BCF, A1=Bioaccumulation,
A2=Biodegradation, B1=Acuteaquatic toxicity LC/ECIC50 (mg/l), B2=Chronic aquatic toxicity NOEC (mg/l), C1=Acute mammalian
oral toxicity LD50 (mg/kg), C2=Acutemammalian dermal toxicity LD50 (mg/kg), C3=Acute mammalian inhalation toxicity LC50
(mg/kg), D1=Skin irritation & corrosion, D2=Eye irritation& corrosion, D3=Long-term health effects, E1=Tainting, E2=Physical
effects on wildlife & benthic habitats, E3=Interference with coastal amenities, For column A2: R=Readily biodegradable, NR=Not
readily biodegradable. For column D3: C=Carcinogen, M=Mutagenic, R=Reprotoxic, S=Sensitising, A=Aspiration hazard, T=Target
organ systemic toxicity, L=Lunginjury, N=Neurotoxic, I=Immunotoxic. For column E1: NT=Not tainting (tested), T=Tainting test
positive. For column E2: Fp=Persistent floater, F=Floater, S=Sinking substances. The numerical scales start from 0 (no hazard),
while higher numbers reflect increasing hazard. (GESAMP/EHS Composite List of Hazard Profiles - Hazard evaluation of
substances transported by ships)

Legislation addressing waste disposal requirements may differ by country, state and/ or territory. Each user must refer to laws
operating in their area.
A Hierarchy of Controls seems to be common - the user should investigate:
Reduction
DO NOT allow wash water from cleaning or process equipment to enter drains.
It may be necessary to collect all wash water for treatment before disposal.
In all cases disposal to sewer may be subject to local laws and regulations and these should be considered first.
Where in doubt contact the responsible authority.
Recycle wherever possible or consult manufacturer for recycling options.
Consult State Land Waste Management Authority for disposal.
Bury residue in an authorised landfill.
Recycle containers if possible, or dispose of in an authorised landfill.

HAZCHEM:
None (ADG7)
NOT REGULATED FOR TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS: UN, IATA, IMDG
GESAMP hazard profiles for this material can be found in section 12 of the MSDS.

POISONS SCHEDULE
None

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aluminium sulfate, hydrated


Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet Version No: 4 Chemwatch 21911
Issue Date: 13-Nov-2009
X9317SP
REGULATIONS
aluminium sulfate, hydrated (CAS: 7784-31-8,25102-19-6,57292-32-7) is found on the following
regulatory lists;
"Australia - Australian Capital Territory - Environment Protection Regulation: Ambient environmental standards (Domestic water
supply - inorganic chemicals)","Australia - Australian Capital Territory - Environment Protection Regulation: Ambient environmental
standards (STOCK - inorganic chemicals)","Australia - Australian Capital Territory - Environment Protection Regulation: Pollutants
entering waterways taken to cause environmental harm (Domestic water supply quality)","Australia - Australian Capital Territory -
Environment Protection Regulation: Pollutants entering waterways taken to cause environmental harm (STOCK)","Australia
Exposure Standards","Australia Hazardous Substances","Australia High Volume Industrial Chemical List (HVICL)","Australia
Inventory of Chemical Substances (AICS)","Australia Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) Substances that may be used as
active ingredients in Listed medicines","GESAMP/EHS Composite List - GESAMP Hazard Profiles","IMO IBC Code Chapter 17:
Summary of minimum requirements","IMO MARPOL 73/78 (Annex II) - List of Other Liquid Substances","International Council of
Chemical Associations (ICCA) - High Production Volume List","OECD List of High Production Volume (HPV) Chemicals","WHO
Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality - Chemicals for which guideline values have not been established"
Regulations for ingredients
aluminium sulfate (CAS: 10043-01-3) is found on the following regulatory lists;
"Australia - Australian Capital Territory - Environment Protection Regulation: Ambient environmental standards (Domestic water
supply - inorganic chemicals)","Australia - Australian Capital Territory - Environment Protection Regulation: Ambient environmental
standards (STOCK - inorganic chemicals)","Australia - Australian Capital Territory - Environment Protection Regulation: Pollutants
entering waterways taken to cause environmental harm (Domestic water supply quality)","Australia - Australian Capital Territory -
Environment Protection Regulation: Pollutants entering waterways taken to cause environmental harm (STOCK)","Australia
Exposure Standards","Australia Hazardous Substances","Australia High Volume Industrial Chemical List (HVICL)","Australia
Inventory of Chemical Substances (AICS)","Australia Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) Substances that may be used as
active ingredients in Listed medicines","GESAMP/EHS Composite List - GESAMP Hazard Profiles","IMO IBC Code Chapter 17:
Summary of minimum requirements","IMO MARPOL 73/78 (Annex II) - List of Other Liquid Substances","International Council of
Chemical Associations (ICCA) - High Production Volume List","OECD List of High Production Volume (HPV) Chemicals","WHO
Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality - Chemicals for which guideline values have not been established"
sulfuric acid (CAS: 7664-93-9) is found on the following regulatory lists;
"Australia Council of Australian Governments (COAG) Chemicals of Security Concern","Australia Customs (Prohibited Exports)
Regulations 1958 - Schedule 9 Precursor substances - Part 2","Australia Exposure Standards","Australia Hazardous
Substances","Australia High Volume Industrial Chemical List (HVICL)","Australia Illicit Drug Reagents/Essential Chemicals -
Category III","Australia Inventory of Chemical Substances (AICS)","Australia National Pollutant Inventory","Australia Standard for
the Uniform Scheduling of Medicines and Poisons (SUSMP) - Appendix E (Part 2)","Australia Standard for the Uniform Scheduling
of Medicines and Poisons (SUSMP) - Appendix F (Part 3)","Australia Standard for the Uniform Scheduling of Medicines and
Poisons (SUSMP) - Schedule 6","GESAMP/EHS Composite List - GESAMP Hazard Profiles","IMO IBC Code Chapter 17:
Summary of minimum requirements","IMO MARPOL 73/78 (Annex II) - List of Noxious Liquid Substances Carried in
Bulk","International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Agents Reviewed by the IARC Monographs","International Air
Transport Association (IATA) Dangerous Goods Regulations","International Air Transport Association (IATA) Dangerous Goods
Regulations - Prohibited List","International Council of Chemical Associations (ICCA) - High Production Volume List","OECD List of
High Production Volume (HPV) Chemicals","OSPAR National List of Candidates for Substitution United Kingdom","United
Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances - Table II","United Nations List of
Precursors and Chemicals Frequently used in the Illicit Manufacture of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Under
International Control (Red List) - Table II"

Ingredients with multiple CAS Nos


Ingredient Name CAS
aluminium sulfate, hydrated 7784-31-8, 25102-19-6, 57292-32-7
Classification of the preparation and its individual components has drawn on official and authoritative sources as well as
independent review by the Chemwatch Classification committee using available literature references.
A list of reference resources used to assist the committee may be found at:
www.chemwatch.net/references.
The (M)SDS is a Hazard Communication tool and should be used to assist in the Risk Assessment. Many factors determine
whether the reported Hazards are Risks in the workplace or other settings.

This document is copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of private study, research, review
or criticism, as permitted under the Copyright Act, no part may be reproduced by any process without
written permission from CHEMWATCH. TEL (+61 3) 9572 4700.
www.Chemwatch.net

Issue Date: 13-Nov-2009


Print Date:13-Mar-2012

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