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MLA

Kumar, P. Senthil. "PSK Method for Solving Type-1 and Type-3 Fuzzy Transportation Problems." Fuzzy Systems: Concepts, Methodologies,
Tools, and Applications. IGI Global, 2017. 367-392. Web. 2 Mar. 2017. doi:10.4018/978-1-5225-1908-9.ch017

APA

Kumar, P. S. (2017). PSK Method for Solving Type-1 and Type-3 Fuzzy Transportation Problems. In Fuzzy Systems: Concepts, Methodologies,
Tools, and Applications (pp. 367-392). Hershey, PA: IGI Global. doi:10.4018/978-1-5225-1908-9.ch017
Chicago

Kumar, P. Senthil. "PSK Method for Solving Type-1 and Type-3 Fuzzy Transportation Problems." In Fuzzy Systems: Concepts, Methodologies,
Tools, and Applications, 367-392 (2017), accessed March 02, 2017. doi:10.4018/978-1-5225-1908-9.ch017
Fuzzy Systems:
Concepts, Methodologies, Tools,
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Table of Contents

Preface................................................................................................................................................... xx

Volume I
Section 1
Development and Design Methodologies

Chapter 1
Uncertain Static and Dynamic Analysis of Imprecisely Defined Structural Systems............................. 1
S. Chakraverty, National Institute of Technology Rourkela, India
Diptiranjan Behera, National Institute of Technology Rourkela, India

Chapter 2
Hierarchical Fuzzy Rule Interpolation and its Application for Hotels Location Selection................... 31
Yanling Jiang, Chongqing University of Science and Technology, China
Shangzhu Jin, Chongqing University of Science and Technology, China
Jun Peng, Chongqing University of Science and Technology, China

Chapter 3
Modified Iterative Methods for Solving Fully Fuzzy Linear Systems................................................... 55
S. A. Edalatpanah, Ayandegan Institute of Higher Education, Tonekabon, Iran

Chapter 4
Comparison of Uncertainties in Membership Function of Adaptive Lyapunov NeuroFuzzy-2 for
Damping Power Oscillations.................................................................................................................. 74
Laiq Khan, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Pakistan
Rabiah Badar, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Pakistan
Saima Ali, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Pakistan
Umar Farid, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Pakistan

Chapter 5
Constructing Structural Equation Model Rule-Based Fuzzy System with Genetic Algorithm........... 132
EnDer Su, National Kaohsiung First University of Science and Technology, Taiwan
Thomas W. Knowles, Illinois Institute of Technology, USA
Yu-Gin Fen, National Kaohsiung First University of Science and Technology, Taiwan

Chapter 6
A Novel Approach of Restoration of Digital Images Degraded by Impulse Noise............................. 153
Rashmi Kumari, JJTU, India
Anupriya Asthana, Galgotias University, India
Vikas Kumar, Asia-Pacific Institute of Management, India

Chapter 7
Imprecise Knowledge and Fuzzy Modeling in Materials Domain...................................................... 170
Subhas Ganguly, National Institute Technology Raipur, India
Shubhabrata Datta, Calcutta Institute of Engineering and Management, India

Chapter 8
Assessment of Clinical Decision Support Systems for Predicting Coronary Heart Disease............... 184
Sidahmed Mokeddem, University of Oran 1 Ahmed Ben Bella, Algeria
Baghdad Atmani, University of Oran 1 Ahmed Ben Bella, Algeria

Chapter 9
Early Warning System Framework Proposal Based on Structured Analytical Techniques, SNA,
and Fuzzy Expert System for Different Industries............................................................................... 202
Goran Klepac, University College for Applied Computer Engineering Algebra, Zagreb,
Croatia
Robert Kopal, University College for Applied Computer Engineering Algebra, Zagreb,
Croatia
Leo Mrsic, University College for Applied Computer Engineering Algebra, Zagreb, Croatia

Chapter 10
Stability Enhancement in Multi-Machine Power Systems by Fuzzy-Based Coordinated
AVR-PSS.............................................................................................................................................. 235
Rahmat Khezri, University of Kurdistan, Iran
Hassan Bevrani, University of Kurdistan, Iran

Chapter 11
Fuzzy Finite Element Method in Diffusion Problems......................................................................... 250
S. Chakraverty, National Institute of Technology Rourkela, India
S. Nayak, National Institute of Technology, India

Chapter 12
A Hybrid Model for Rice Disease Diagnosis Using Entropy Based Neuro Genetic Algorithm......... 273
K. Lavanya, VIT University, Vellore, India
M.A. Saleem Durai, VIT University, Vellore, India
N.Ch.S.N. Iyengar, VIT University, Vellore, India

Chapter 13
A Fuzzy Model with Thermodynamic Based Consequents and a Niching Swarm-Based
Supervisor to Capture the Uncertainties of Damavand Power System................................................ 292
Ahmad Mozaffari, University of Waterloo, Canada
Moein Mohammadpour, Babol University of Technology, Iran
Alireza Fathi, Babol University of Technology, Iran
Mofid Gorji-Bandpy, Babol University of Technology, Iran

Chapter 14
Design of a Hybrid Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) Controller for Position and
Angle Control of Inverted Pendulum (IP) Systems............................................................................. 308
Ashwani Kharola, Institute of Technology Management (ITM), India

Chapter 15
Intuitionistic Fuzzy Set Theory with Fair Share CPU Scheduler: A Dynamic Approach................... 321
Supriya Raheja, NorthCap University, India

Chapter 16
Classification of EEG Signals for Motor Imagery Based on Mutual Information and Adaptive
Neuro Fuzzy Inference System............................................................................................................ 347
Shereen A. El-aal, Al-Azhar University, Egypt
Rabie A. Ramadan, Cairo University, Egypt
Neveen Ghali, Al-Azhar University, Egypt

Chapter 17
PSK Method for Solving Type-1 and Type-3 Fuzzy Transportation Problems................................... 367
P. Senthil Kumar, Jamal Mohamed College (Autonomous), India

Chapter 18
Fault Detection and Isolation for an Uncertain Takagi-Sugeno Fuzzy System using the Interval
Approach.............................................................................................................................................. 393
Hassene Bedoui, University of Monastir, Tunisia
Atef Kedher, University of Tunis Manar, Tunisia
Kamel Ben Othman, University of Tunis Manar, Tunisia

Section 2
Tools and Technologies

Chapter 19
Fuzzy Expert System to Diagnose Diabetes Using S Weights for S Fuzzy Assessment
Methodology........................................................................................................................................ 418
A. V. Senthil Kumar, Hindusthan College of Arts and Science, India
M. Kalpana, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, India

Chapter 20
Hybrid Fuzzy Neural Search Retrieval System................................................................................... 443
Rawan Ghnemat, Princess Sumaya University for Technology, Jordan
Adnan Shaout, The University of Michigan Dearborn, USA

Chapter 21
A Multi-Objective Fuzzy Ant Colony Optimization Algorithm for Virtual Machine Placement....... 459
Boominathan Perumal, VIT University, Vellore, India
Aramudhan M., Perunthalaivar Kamarajar Institute of Engineering and Technology, India

Chapter 22
Fuzzy Adaptive Controller for Uncertain Multivariable Nonlinear Systems with Both Sector
Nonlinearities and Dead-Zones........................................................................................................... 487
Abdesselem Boulkroune, University of Jijel, Algeria

Chapter 23
A Two-Level Fuzzy Value-Based Replica Replacement Algorithm in Data Grids............................. 516
Nazanin Saadat, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iran
Amir Masoud Rahmani, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iran

Chapter 24
A Fuzzy Expert System for Star Classification Based on Photometry................................................ 540
Aida Pakniyat, Kharazmi University, Iran
Rahil Hosseini, Shahr-e-Qods Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iran
Mahdi Mazinai, Shahr-e-Qods Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iran

Chapter 25
Personalized Neuro-Fuzzy Expert System for Determination of Nutrient Requirements................... 551
Priti Srinivas Sajja, Sardar Patel University, India
Jeegar Ashokkumar Trivedi, Sardar Patel University, India

Volume II
Chapter 26
Movie Recommendation System Based on Fuzzy Inference System and Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy
Inference System.................................................................................................................................. 573
Mahfuzur Rahman Siddiquee, North South University, Bangladesh
Naimul Haider, North South University, Bangladesh
Rashedur M. Rahman, North South University, Bangladesh

Chapter 27
Fuzzy Logic-Based Cluster Heads Percentage Calculation for Improving the Performance of the
LEACH Protocol.................................................................................................................................. 609
Omar Banimelhem, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Jordan
Eyad Taqieddin, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Jordan
Moad Y. Mowafi, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Jordan
Fahed Awad, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Jordan
Feda Al-Maaqbeh, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Jordan

Chapter 28
Evaluation of Human Machine Interface (HMI) on a Digital and Analog Control Room in Nuclear
Power Plants Using a Fuzzy Logic Approach...................................................................................... 628
Pola Lydia Lagari, Purdue University, USA
Antonia Nasiakou, Purdue University, USA
Miltiadis Alamaniotis, Purdue University, USA

Chapter 29
Including Client Opinion and Employee Engagement in the Strategic Human Resource
Management: An Advanced SWOT- FUZZY Decision Making Tool................................................ 647
Rachid Belhaj, Mohammed V University, Morocco
Mohamed Tkiouat, Mohammed V University, Morocco

Chapter 30
An Optimal Fuzzy Load Balanced Adaptive Gateway Discovery for Ubiquitous Internet Access in
MANET............................................................................................................................................... 663
Prakash Srivastava, Madan Mohan Malaviya University of Technology, India
Rakesh Kumar, Madan Mohan Malaviya University of Technology, India

Chapter 31
A Hybrid System Based on FMM and MLP to Diagnose Heart Disease............................................ 682
Swati Aggarwal, NSIT, India
Venu Azad, Government Girls PG College, India

Chapter 32
Strictness Petroleum Prediction System Based on Fuzzy Model........................................................ 715
Senan A. Ghallab, Ain Shams University, Egypt
Nagwa. L. Badr, Ain Shams University, Egypt
Abdel Badeeh Salem, Ain Shams University, Egypt
M. F. Tolba, Ain Shams University, Egypt

Chapter 33
Fuzzy-Based Matrix Converter Drive for Induction Motor................................................................. 738
Chitra Venugopal, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Chapter 34
A Fuzzy-Based Calorie Burn Calculator for a Gamified Walking Activity Using Treadmill............. 763
Prabhakar Rontala Subramaniam, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Chitra Venugopal, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Arun Kumar Sangaiah, VIT University, India

Chapter 35
Application of Fuzzy Logic for Mapping the Agro-Ecological Zones................................................ 782
Bistok Hasiholan Simanjuntak, Satya Wacana Christian University, Indonesia
Sri Yulianto Joko Prasetyo, Satya Wacana Christian University, Indonesia
Kristoko Dwi Hartomo, Satya Wacana Christian University, Indonesia
Hindriyanto Dwi Purnomo, Satya Wacana Christian University, Indonesia

Chapter 36
Prediction of Solar and Wind Energies by Fuzzy Logic Control......................................................... 807
Sanaa Faquir, University Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdallah, Morocco
Ali Yahyaouy, University Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdallah, Morocco
Hamid Tairi, University Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdallah, Morocco
Jalal Sabor, Ecole Nationale Superieure dArts et Metiers (ENSAM), Morocco

Chapter 37
Enhancement of Turbo-Generators Phase Backup Protection Using Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy
Inference System.................................................................................................................................. 835
Mohamed Salah El-Din Ahmed Abdel Aziz, Dar Al-Handasah (Shair and partners), Egypt
Mohamed Elsamahy, The Higher Institute of Engineering, El-Shorouk Academy, Egypt
Mohamed A. Moustafa Hassan, Cairo University, Egypt
Fahmy M. A. Bendary, Benha University, Egypt

Chapter 38
Fuzzy Rule Based Environment Monitoring System for Weather Controlled Laboratories Using
Arduino................................................................................................................................................ 855
S. Sasirekha, SSN College of Engineering, India
S. Swamynathan, Anna University, India

Chapter 39
Fuzzy Labeled Transition Refinement Tree: Application to Stepwise Designing Multi Agent
Systems................................................................................................................................................ 873
Sofia Kouah, University of Constantine 2, Algeria & University of Oum El Bouaghi, Algeria
Djamel-Eddine Saidouni, University of Constantine 2, Algeria

Chapter 40
Rule-Based Systems for Medical Diagnosis........................................................................................ 906
V. S. Giridhar Akula, Methodist College of Engineering and Technology, India

Section 3
Utilization and Application

Chapter 41
Implementation of Fuzzy Technology in Complicated Medical Diagnostics and Further
Decision............................................................................................................................................... 935
A. B. Bhattacharya, University of Kalyani, India
Arkajit Bhattacharya, M. G. M. Medical College and Hospital, India

Chapter 42
Intelligent Decision Making and Risk Analysis of B2c E-Commerce Customer Satisfaction............ 969
Masoud Mohammadian, University of Canberra, Australia

Chapter 43
Fuzzy Logic Based Approach for Power System Fault Section Analysis............................................ 987
Neeti Dugaya, Sagar Institute of Research, Technology and Science, India
Smita Shandilya, Sagar Institute of Research, Technology and Science, India

Chapter 44
Some Recent Defuzzification Methods.............................................................................................. 1003
Harendra Kumar, Gurukula Kangari University, India

Chapter 45
Application of Fuzzy Expert System in Medical Treatment............................................................. 1020
Kajal Ghosal, Chronic Disease and Oncological Homeopathic Consultant, India
Partha Haldar, Jadavpur University, India
Goutam Sutradhar, Jadavpur University, India

Chapter 46
Predicting Uncertain Behavior and Performance Analysis of the Pulping System in a Paper
Industry Using PSO and Fuzzy Methodology................................................................................... 1070
Harish Garg, Indian Institute of Technology-Roorkee, India
Monica Rani, Indian Institute of Technology-Roorkee, India
S.P. Sharma, Indian Institute of Technology-Roorkee, India

Chapter 47
Vague Correlation Coefficient of Interval Vague Sets and its Applications to Topsis in MADM
Problems............................................................................................................................................ 1110
John Robinson P., Bishop Heber College (Autonomous), India
Henry Amirtharaj E. C., Bishop Heber College (Autonomous), India

Volume III
Chapter 48
A Fuzzy-Based Approach to Support Decision Making in Complex Military Environments.......... 1150
Timothy P. Hanratty, US Army Research Laboratory, Aberdeen Proving Ground, USA
E. Allison Newcomb, Towson University, USA
Robert J. Hammell II, Towson University, USA
John T. Richardson, US Army Research Laboratory, Aberdeen Proving Ground, USA
Mark R. Mittrick, US Army Research Laboratory, Aberdeen Proving Ground, USA

Chapter 49
Nonlinear System Identification of Smart Buildings......................................................................... 1183
Soroush Mohammadzadeh, University of Oklahoma, USA
Yeesock Kim, Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI), USA

Chapter 50
Fuzzy Logic-Based Intelligent Control System for Active Ankle Foot Orthosis.............................. 1203
M. Kanthi, Manipal University, India

Chapter 51
Knowledge Representation Using Fuzzy XML Rules in Web-Based Expert System for Medical
Diagnosis........................................................................................................................................... 1237
Priti Srinivas Sajja, Sardar Patel University, India

Chapter 52
Improvement of JXTA-Overlay P2P Platform: Evaluation for Medical Application and
Reliability........................................................................................................................................... 1268
Yi Liu, Fukuoka Institute of Technology (FIT), Japan
Shinji Sakamoto, Fukuoka Institute of Technology (FIT), Japan
Keita Matsuo, Fukuoka Prefectural Fukuoka Technical High School, Japan
Makoto Ikeda, Fukuoka Institute of Technology (FIT), Japan
Leonard Barolli, Fukuoka Institute of Technology (FIT), Japan
Fatos Xhafa, Technical University of Catalonia, Spain

Chapter 53
Bio-Inspired Computing through Artificial Neural Network............................................................. 1285
Nilamadhab Dash, C. V. Raman College of Engineering, India
Rojalina Priyadarshini, C. V. Raman College of Engineering, India
Brojo Kishore Mishra, C. V. Raman College of Engineering, India
Rachita Misra, C. V. Raman College of Engineering, India

Chapter 54
Trust Calculation Using Fuzzy Logic in Cloud Computing.............................................................. 1314
Rajanpreet Kaur Chahal, Panjab University, India
Sarbjeet Singh, Panjab University, India

Chapter 55
Fuzzy Decision Support System for Coronary Artery Disease Diagnosis Based on Rough Set
Theory................................................................................................................................................ 1367
Noor Akhmad Setiawan, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia

Chapter 56
Artificial Intelligent Approaches for Prediction of Longitudinal Wave Velocity in Rocks............... 1385
A. K. Verma, Indian School of Mines, India
T. N. Singh, Indian Institute of Technology, India
Sachin Maheshwar, Indian School of Mines, India

Chapter 57
An Adaptive Path Planning Based on Improved Fuzzy Neural Network for Multi-Robot
Systems.............................................................................................................................................. 1396
Zhiguo Shi, University of Science and Technology, China
Huan Zhang, University of Science and Technology, China
Jingyun Zhou, University of Science and Technology, China
Junming Wei, Australian National University, Australia

Chapter 58
Information Systems on Hesitant Fuzzy Sets.................................................................................... 1425
Deepak D., National Institute of Technology Calicut, India
Sunil Jacob John, National Institute of Technology Calicut, India

Chapter 59
Artificial Intelligence Methods and Their Applications in Civil Engineering.................................. 1453
Gonzalo Martnez-Barrera, Universidad Autnoma del Estado de Mxico, Mexico
Osman Gencel, Bartin University, Turkey
Ahmet Beycioglu, Dzce University, Turkey
Serkan Suba, Dzce University, Turkey
Nelly Gonzlez-Rivas, Joint Center for Research in Sustainable Chemistry (CCIQS), Mexico

Chapter 60
Contrasting Correlation Coefficient with Distance Measure in Interval Valued Intuitionistic
Trapezoidal Fuzzy MAGDM Problems............................................................................................. 1478
John P. Robinson, Bishop Heber College, India

Chapter 61
A Study on Hybridization of Intelligent Techniques in Bioinformatics............................................ 1518
Peyakunta Bhargavi, Sri Padmavati Mahila University, India
S. Jyothi, Sri Padmavati Mahila University, India
D. M. Mamatha, Sri Padmavati Mahila Univeristy, India

Chapter 62
Dynamic Behaviour and Crack Detection of a Multi Cracked Rotating Shaft using Adaptive
Neuro-Fuzzy-Inference System: Vibration Analysis of Multi Cracked Rotating Shaft..................... 1540
Rajeev Ranjan, Haldia Institute of Technology, India

Section 4
Organizational and Social Implications

Chapter 63
Modeling Conflict Dynamics: System Dynamic Approach............................................................... 1553
Janez Usenik, University of Maribor, Slovenia
Tit Turnsek, Landscape Governance College Grm, Slovenia

Chapter 64
Fuzzy Opinion: Detection of Opinion Based on SentiWordNet Dictionary by Using Fuzzy
Logic.................................................................................................................................................. 1576
Mohamed Amine Boudia, Dr. Tahar Moulay University of Saida, Algeria
Reda Mohamed Hamou, Dr. Tahar Moulay University of Saida, Algeria
Abdelmalek Amine, Dr. Tahar Moulay University of Saida, Algeria

Chapter 65
Adjust Fuzzy Model Parameters for Head Election in Wireless Sensor Network Protocols............. 1596
Walaa Abd el Aal Afifi, ISSR-Cairo University, Egypt
Hesham Ahmed Hefny, ISSR-Cairo University, Egypt

Chapter 66
Bidder Selection in Public Procurement using a Fuzzy Decision Support System........................... 1620
Vjekoslav Bobar, University of Belgrade, Serbia
Ksenija Mandic, University of Belgrade, Serbia
Milija Suknovic, University of Belgrade, Serbia

Chapter 67
Fuzzy Dynamic Load Balancing in Virtualized Data Centers of SaaS Cloud Provider.................... 1643
Md. S. Q. Zulkar Nine, North South University, Bangladesh
Abul Kalam Azad, North South University, Bangladesh
Saad Abdullah, North South University, Bangladesh
Rashedur M. Rahman, North South University, Bangladesh

Section 5
Emerging Trends

Chapter 68
Emerging Application of Fuzzy Expert System in Medical Domain................................................ 1667
A. V. Senthil Kumar, Hindusthan College of Arts and Science, India
M. Kalpana, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, India

Chapter 69
Fuzzy Critical Path Method Based on a New Approach of Ranking Fuzzy Numbers Using
Centroid of Centroids......................................................................................................................... 1690
N. Ravi Shankar, GITAM University, India
B. Pardha Saradhi, Dr. L.B. College, India
S. Suresh Babu, GITAM University, India

Chapter 70
MAGDM-Miner: A New Algorithm for Mining Trapezoidal Intuitionistic Fuzzy Correlation
Rules.................................................................................................................................................. 1708
John P. Robinson, Bishop Heber College, India
Henry Amirtharaj, Bishop Heber College, India

Chapter 71
Advances in QoS/E Characterization and Prediction for Next Generation Mobile Communication
Systems.............................................................................................................................................. 1739
Charalampos N. Pitas, National Technical University of Athens, Greece
Apostolos G. Fertis, SMA und Partner AG, Zurich, Switzerland
Dimitris E. Charilas, National Technical University of Athens, Greece
Athanasios D. Panagopoulos, National Technical University of Athens, Greece

Index.................................................................................................................................................... xxii
367

Chapter 17
PSK Method for Solving
Type-1 and Type-3 Fuzzy
Transportation Problems
P. Senthil Kumar
Jamal Mohamed College (Autonomous), India

ABSTRACT
In conventional transportation problem (TP), supplies, demands and costs are always certain. In this
paper, the author tried to categories the TP under the mixture of certain and uncertain environment and
formulates the problem and utilizes the crisp numbers, triangular fuzzy numbers (TFNs) and trapezoidal
fuzzy numbers (TrFNs) to solve the TP. The existing ranking procedure of Liou and Wang is used to
transform the type-1 and type-3 fuzzy transportation problem (FTP) into a crisp one so that the con-
ventional method may be applied to solve the TP. The solution procedure differs from TP to type-1 and
type-3 FTP in allocation step only. Therefore, the new method called PSK method and new multiplication
operation on TrFN is proposed to find the mixed optimal solution in terms of crisp numbers, TFNs and
TrFNs. The main advantage of this method is computationally very simple, easy to understand and also
the optimum objective value obtained by our method is physically meaningful. The effectiveness of the
proposed method is illustrated by means of a numerical example.

1. INTRODUCTION

The transportation problem is a special class of linear programming problem which deals with the dis-
tribution of single homogeneous product from various origins(sources) to various destinations(sinks).
The objective of the transportation problem is to determine the optimal amount of a commodity to be
transported from various supply points to various demand points so that the total transportation cost
is minimum for a minimization problem or total transportation profit is maximum for a maximization
problem.
The unit costs, that is, the cost of transporting one unit from a particular supply point to a particular
demand point, the amounts available at the supply points and the amounts required at the demand points

DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-1908-9.ch017

Copyright 2017, IGI Global. Copying or distributing in print or electronic forms without written permission of IGI Global is prohibited.

PSK Method for Solving Type-1 and Type-3 Fuzzy Transportation Problems

are the parameters of the transportation problem. Efficient algorithms have been developed for solving
transportation problems when the cost coefficients, the demand and supply quantities are known precisely.
In the history of mathematics, Hitchcock (1941) originally developed the basic transportation prob-
lem. Charnes and Cooper (1954) developed the stepping stone method which provides an alternative
way of determining the simplex method information. Appa (1973) discussed several variations of the
transportation problem. Arsham et al. (1989) proposed a simplex type algorithm for general transporta-
tion problems. An Introduction to Operations Research Taha (2008) deals the transportation problem.
In todays real world problems such as in corporate or in industry many of the distribution problems
are imprecise in nature due to variations in the parameters. To deal quantitatively with imprecise infor-
mation in making decision, Zadeh (1965) introduced the fuzzy set theory and has applied it successfully
in various fields. The use of fuzzy set theory becomes very rapid in the field of optimization after the
pioneering work done by Bellman and Zadeh (1970). The fuzzy set deals with the degree of membership
(belongingness) of an element in the set. In a fuzzy set the membership value (level of acceptance or
level of satisfaction) lies between 0 and 1 where as in crisp set the element belongs to the set represent
1 and the element not belongs to the set represent 0.
Due to the applications of fuzzy set theory, several authors like Oheigeartaigh (1982) presented an
algorithm for solving transportation problems where the availabilities and requirements are fuzzy sets
with linear or triangular membership functions. Chanas et al. (1984) presented a fuzzy linear program-
ming model for solving transportation problems with fuzzy supply, fuzzy demand and crisp costs. Chanas
et al. (1993) formulated the fuzzy transportation problems in three different situations and proposed
method for solving the formulated fuzzy transportation problems. Chanas and Kuchta (1996) proposed
the concept of the optimal solution for the transportation problem with fuzzy coefficients expressed as
fuzzy numbers, and developed an algorithm for obtaining the optimal solution.
Chanas and Kuchta (1998) developed a new method for solving fuzzy integer transportation problem
by representing the supply and demand parameters as L-R type fuzzy numbers. Saad and Abbas (2003)
proposed an algorithm for solving the transportation problems under fuzzy environment. Liu and Kao
(2004) presented a method for solving fuzzy transportation problems based on extension principle.
Chiang (2005) proposed a method to find the optimal solution of transportation problems with fuzzy
requirements and fuzzy availabilities. Gani and Razak (2006) obtained a fuzzy solution for a two stage
cost minimizing fuzzy transportation problem in which availabilities and requirements are trapezoidal
fuzzy numbers using a parametric approach. Das and Baruah (2007) discussed Vogels approximation
method to find the fuzzy initial basic feasible solution of fuzzy transportation problem in which all the
parameters (supply, demand and cost) are represented by triangular fuzzy numbers. Li et al. (2008) pro-
posed a new method based on goal programming approach for solving fuzzy transportation problems
with fuzzy costs.
Chen et al. (2008) proposed the methods for solving transportation problems on a fuzzy network. Lin
(2009) used genetic algorithm for solving transportation problems with fuzzy coefficients. Dinagar and
Palanivel (2009) investigated the transportation problem in fuzzy environment using trapezoidal fuzzy
numbers. De and Yadav (2010) modified the existing method (Kikuchi 2000) by using trapezoidal fuzzy
numbers instead of triangular fuzzy numbers. Pandian et al. (2010) proposed a new algorithm for find-
ing a fuzzy optimal solution for fuzzy transportation problem where all the parameters are trapezoidal
fuzzy numbers. Mohideen and Kumar (2010) did a comparative study on transportation problem in fuzzy
environment. Sudhakar et al. (2011) proposed a different approach for solving two stage fuzzy transpor-
tation problems in which supplies and demands are trapezoidal fuzzy numbers. Hadi Basirzadeh (2011)

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Tools, and Applications (pp. 1020-1069).
www.igi-global.com/chapter/application-of-fuzzy-expert-system-in-medical-
treatment/178433?camid=4v1a

Robust Algorithms for DOA Estimation and Adaptive Beamforming in Wireless Mobile
Communications
R. M. Shubair, K. O. AlMidfa, A. Al-Marri and M. Al-Nuaimi (2008). Intelligent Information Technologies:
Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications (pp. 1036-1047).
www.igi-global.com/chapter/robust-algorithms-doa-estimation-adaptive/24329?camid=4v1a

Telehomecare in The Netherlands: Barriers to Implementation


H.S.M. Kort and J. van Hoof (2012). International Journal of Ambient Computing and Intelligence (pp. 64-
73).
www.igi-global.com/article/telehomecare-netherlands-barriers-
implementation/66860?camid=4v1a

PSK Method for Solving Type-1 and Type-3 Fuzzy Transportation Problems

Figure 1. Graphical representation of type-3 fuzzy transportation cost

Values of Z ( c ) at different values of c can be determined using equations given below:

0, for c 104
c 104
, for 104 c 168
64

Z ( c ) = 1, for 168 c 184
248 c
, for 184 c 248
64
0, for c 248

By using the proposed method a decision maker has the following advantages:

1. The proposed method gives the optimal solution in terms of mixed fuzzy numbers. Moreover, the
proposed method gives the opportunity to the decision maker to solve all the types of FTP;
2. The proposed method is computationally very simple and easy to understand.

7. CONCLUSION

On the basis of the present study, it can be concluded that the type-1, type-2 and type-4 FTP which can
be solved by the existing methods (Pandian and Natarajan (2010), Dinagar and Palanivel (2009), Rani,
Gulathi, and Kumar (2014), Hadi Basirzadeh (2011), Gani and Razak (2006)) can also be solved by
the proposed method. However, it is much easier to apply the proposed method as compared to all the

389

PSK Method for Solving Type-1 and Type-3 Fuzzy Transportation Problems

existing methods. Also, new method and new multiplication operation on TrFN is proposed to compute
the optimal objective values in terms of trapezoidal fuzzy number which are very simple and easy to
understand and it can be easily applied by decision maker to solve type-1 and type-3 FTP. The proposed
method gives the optimal solution in terms of mixed fuzzy numbers. Hence the proposed method gives
the opportunity to the decision maker to solve all the types of FTP and computationally very simple
when compared to all the existing methods.

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This work was previously published in PSK Method for Solving Type-1 and Type-3 Fuzzy Transportation Problems edited by
Deng-Feng Li, pages 121-146, copyright year 2016 by IGI Publishing (an imprint of IGI Global).

392
xxii

Index

A 1285, 1288, 1367, 1380, 1386, 1388, 1397, 1425,


1450, 1453-1454, 1466, 1470, 1477, 1521, 1525,
A* 370, 1396-1397, 1399, 1409, 1415, 1420, 1424 1577, 1667-1669, 1673, 1688, 1764
Action Refinement 873-874, 883, 887, 902-903 Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) 79-80, 86, 154-155,
Active AFO 1203, 1205-1206, 1213-1215, 1222, 171, 180, 218-219, 274, 276, 279, 301, 419-420,
1231, 1236 444, 449, 541, 553-554, 557-558, 560-562, 567,
Actuator Nonlinearities 487-488, 507, 515 569, 571-572, 682-683, 685-690, 705, 717, 758,
Adaptive Control 75, 115, 456, 488, 501, 509, 511, 838, 1020, 1074, 1184, 1197, 1204, 1285-1286,
515, 1203, 1396-1397, 1420 1291-1292, 1294-1295, 1299, 1309, 1367, 1386-
Adaptive Gateway Discovery 663, 665-666, 678 1388, 1398, 1404, 1453, 1477, 1519, 1679, 1759
Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) 153- AVR 235-239, 241-242, 244-246, 860
154, 157, 177, 293, 308, 347, 354, 420, 443-445,
449-450, 456, 573, 594, 835, 837-838, 847, 950, B
1183-1184, 1186, 1192, 1197, 1368, 1385, 1390,
1393, 1457, 1542, 1545, 1678 Back Propagation 87, 155, 187, 273-274, 278, 284,
Advisory System 554, 571 286, 289, 314, 559, 569, 571, 684, 687, 691, 707,
AFRAS 1327 758, 950, 1298-1299, 1309, 1389-1390, 1527,
Aggregation 298, 420, 430-431, 442, 449, 464, 523, 1542, 1752
611, 825, 920, 923-924, 928, 1045-1046, 1049- Back-Propagation Algorithm (BPA) 74, 594, 1186,
1051, 1177, 1328, 1340-1341, 1360, 1426, 1457, 1304, 1527
1478-1482, 1530, 1564, 1566, 1630-1631, 1637, Backward Chaining 541, 545, 557, 906-907, 913, 917,
1667, 1677, 1708, 1710-1712, 1718 919-920, 922, 924, 928, 932, 1245, 1267
Agro-Ecological Zone 782-784, 792-793, 801, 806 Belief Rule Base Systems 932
Analog 628, 630, 633, 639-643, 860, 938-939, 1220 Betweenness Centrality 233
Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) 459-461, 464, 468, Bidder Selection 1620-1623, 1628, 1631, 1635, 1637
479, 666, 1291 Bioinformatics 517, 1291, 1518-1522, 1524-1528,
Ant Q System 462, 466 1534-1535, 1537-1538
Ant System 461-462, 465-467, 469, 475, 477 Bisimulation Relation 888, 890
Antecedent 32, 36-38, 79, 83-84, 99-100, 241, 285, BMR 766
296, 298-300, 302, 304, 418, 422, 428, 430-431, Brain Computer Interface (BCI) 347
442, 461, 472, 521, 611, 907-908, 923, 927, 1021,
1043-1044, 1046-1048, 1156, 1158-1159, 1218, C
1224, 1226, 1229, 1246, 1248, 1274, 1319, 1322,
1333, 1390, 1407, 1461, 1564-1566, 1601, 1618- Calorie 763-771, 774, 776-779, 781
1619, 1671-1672, 1674, 1677, 1688 Calorie burn 763, 765-771, 774, 776-779
Arduino 855, 860-861, 863-864, 872 CDSS 184-188, 192, 194, 197, 274, 685, 709, 920-
Artificial Earthquake 1183, 1189, 1195-1198 921, 923-925
Artificial intelligence (AI) 79, 130, 187, 552, 684, 715, cEnter simulator 990, 1001
749, 935, 938, 943, 957, 988-989, 1215, 1217, Certainty Factor 420-421, 423-424, 442, 1678

Volume I pp. 1-572; Volume II pp. 573-1149; Volume III 1150-1765


Index

circuit breakers 987-997 Decision Making 31, 209-210, 224, 369, 418-419, 421,
Civil Engineering 1184-1185, 1453-1454, 1470-1471, 449, 461, 476, 479, 520, 552-553, 555-557, 559-
1477 560, 573-574, 610, 625, 647-652, 658, 684, 735,
Classical Approach 967, 1587, 1592-1593 791, 820, 828, 858, 893, 906, 924, 936, 957, 969,
Client Opinion 647 978, 987, 1012, 1020, 1073, 1112, 1146, 1150-
Cloud Computing 459-460, 1314-1315, 1341, 1351, 1154, 1157, 1162-1165, 1174, 1177, 1179, 1204,
1362-1364, 1366, 1643 1218-1220, 1236-1237, 1253, 1309, 1330, 1350,
Cluster Head 610, 612-613, 1596-1598, 1603-1605, 1354-1355, 1426, 1450, 1454, 1478-1479, 1495,
1611, 1615, 1618 1520, 1553, 1582, 1597, 1620-1622, 1659, 1661,
Clustering Algorithms 624, 839, 1524, 1599, 1601, 1663, 1667-1670, 1673, 1681, 1693, 1708, 1710-
1606, 1610-1611, 1614, 1618 1713, 1718, 1720-1721, 1723, 1733-1734, 1757
coefficient matrix 6, 10, 57-58, 61, 252, 256 Decision Support Systems 184, 682, 717, 1111, 1150,
Collaborative Filtering 574-576 1264, 1367, 1627, 1708, 1711, 1713
Computational Intelligence 171, 274, 612, 721, 1072, Decision Trees 188, 190, 197, 218, 222, 274, 687,
1285, 1369, 1520, 1756 1525, 1713, 1756-1757
Computer Algorithm 807, 820 Deductive reasoning 1285
Concrete Technology 1453-1454, 1462, 1470-1471, Defuzzification 83-84, 86, 98, 189, 192, 194, 239,
1477 241, 284-285, 296, 329, 418, 420, 424, 430-431,
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) 184-185, 685, 1367- 435, 442, 449, 451-452, 473, 523, 556, 571, 632,
1369 721, 724, 752, 769, 773-774, 785, 787-788, 798,
Correlation coefficient 275-276, 574, 578, 580-582, 820-821, 824-825, 829, 947, 950, 962, 1003-1006,
596, 606, 717, 1110-1113, 1115-1116, 1118- 1012, 1015-1018, 1024, 1045-1046, 1049-1051,
1119, 1122-1123, 1127-1130, 1132, 1134, 1136, 1061, 1108, 1158-1160, 1185, 1217-1220, 1226,
1145-1147, 1387, 1478-1480, 1501-1503, 1510- 1229, 1231, 1243, 1245, 1274, 1322, 1325, 1360,
1511, 1513, 1711-1713, 1717-1718, 1721, 1725, 1374, 1376, 1404, 1457-1458, 1529, 1564-1567,
1727-1730, 1733 1576, 1585, 1592, 1594, 1600-1601, 1611, 1619,
CPU Scheduler 321-322, 324-325, 327 1667, 1677, 1679-1680, 1696, 1752
Crisp Values 376, 431, 442, 556, 565, 571, 615, 633, Defuzzification Techniques 556, 571
686, 723-724, 793, 829, 856, 1003-1004, 1017, Degree of Membership 78, 173, 233, 325-326, 328,
1094, 1111, 1245, 1255, 1262, 1331, 1458, 1462, 368, 420, 472, 493, 521, 611, 635, 819, 979, 1004,
1633, 1649, 1667, 1674 1033, 1036, 1043, 1047, 1243, 1375, 1454, 1562,
Critical Path Method 369, 1690-1691, 1693-1695, 1582, 1603, 1671-1672, 1688, 1716, 1752
1698, 1701, 1703 Direct Matrix Converter 742-744, 762
Currency Volatility 132 Discernibility Matrix 1371, 1426-1427, 1437, 1450
Cyber Intelligence 1150-1151, 1174, 1177-1179 Distance Protection 836
Cycloconverter 740-741, 762 distribution network 989, 997
DNA Sequence 1519, 1522, 1524, 1528, 1530, 1534,
D 1536
DTD 1237-1238, 1240, 1247, 1249, 1251, 1263, 1267
Data Acquisition 292, 821, 826, 988-989, 1001, 1203, Dynamic Data Replication 520
1220-1221, 1226, 1230-1231, 1544-1545, 1753 Dynamic Load Balancing 1643, 1663
Data Availability 516-517, 533 Dynamic Performance 1397, 1420
Data Grid 516-517, 519, 530, 536
Data Mining 178, 184-185, 187-188, 190, 195, 202, E
219-220, 226, 233, 419, 422, 435, 684, 686, 716,
720, 735, 1264, 1291, 1309, 1369, 1425, 1522, E-Commerce 573-574, 969-971, 982
1525, 1534, 1580, 1708-1709, 1711-1713, 1733, Electroencephalogram (EEG) Signals 347-352, 355
1740, 1755-1757, 1759-1760, 1762, 1764 Elitist Ant System 461, 466, 469, 475
dead-zone 488, 493, 1396-1397 Employee Engagement 647-649, 658

xxiii
Index

Entropy 191, 273-275, 279-280, 283-284, 286, 289 Fuzzification 86, 188-189, 192, 239-241, 295, 328-
Evidential Reasoning Approach 920, 932 330, 418, 420, 424-425, 430, 435, 442, 447, 452,
Evolutionary Algorithm (EA) 1108 615, 631, 721-722, 752, 769-770, 785, 793, 809,
EWS 203, 207, 209, 212-214, 216, 227, 233 819, 822, 827-828, 939, 947-948, 958, 1024,
Expert System 184, 192, 195, 197, 202, 221-222, 224, 1046-1047, 1051, 1074, 1108-1109, 1217-1219,
226, 233, 275, 418-422, 424-425, 427, 430-431, 1243, 1245, 1367, 1374, 1376, 1403-1405, 1408,
435-436, 442, 445, 540-541, 543, 545-546, 1529, 1564-1565, 1576, 1584, 1600, 1667, 1674,
548-549, 551-554, 684-688, 717, 721, 908-911, 1677, 1680, 1752
919-920, 928, 933, 936, 939, 943-944, 947-948, Fuzzy Ant Colony Optimization 459, 461, 468, 479
950-952, 954, 956-957, 967, 979, 987-993, 997, fuzzy arithmetic 2, 56, 134, 251-253, 256, 1073-1074,
1001, 1020, 1022, 1052, 1060, 1066, 1068, 1074, 1673
1204, 1237-1239, 1248-1252, 1263-1264, 1273, Fuzzy Associative Memory 1045, 1157, 1454
1285, 1368, 1600, 1667-1674, 1678-1681, 1688 Fuzzy Concept 55, 421, 523, 1061, 1404
Fuzzy Control 78, 235, 240-242, 246, 312-313, 487-
F 488, 515, 528, 758, 818, 820, 822, 827, 830, 938-
939, 1003, 1017-1018, 1061, 1184, 1204, 1217-
Fair Share Scheduler 321-324 1219, 1273, 1400, 1403-1406, 1411-1413, 1669
Fault Detection 393-395, 405, 416, 682, 987, 989, Fuzzy Control System 758, 938-939, 1003, 1017-1018,
991, 997, 1001 1184, 1400, 1403-1404, 1412
Fault Isolation 416, 1184 Fuzzy Correlation coefficient 1122, 1712, 1721, 1725,
Feature Selection 274, 280, 283-284, 286, 347, 349- 1728
351, 353-355, 359, 361, 363, 1369 Fuzzy Correlation Rule Mining 1708, 1713
finite element 1-3, 14-15, 20, 250-252, 258-261, 264, Fuzzy eigenvalue problem 1, 4, 11, 20, 25
267, 269, 1540-1542, 1545 Fuzzy Expert Systems 219-220, 222-224, 226, 419,
Finite Element Analysis 3, 15, 1540 425, 442, 909, 935, 938, 943, 946, 950, 967, 1045,
FIS 154-155, 173-176, 179, 181-182, 189, 195, 293, 1454, 1673, 1681
295-296, 298, 302, 305, 314-315, 422, 531, 573- Fuzzy Implication 862, 1203, 1218-1220, 1229, 1236,
574, 582, 601, 604, 607, 611, 613-614, 616, 632- 1644, 1649, 1672
633, 639, 641, 643, 647, 650, 652-653, 655, 722, Fuzzy Inference System 98, 132, 134, 136-137, 144-
724, 752, 821, 947, 950-951, 1046, 1049, 1053, 146, 154-155, 157, 171, 173, 175, 177, 189, 192,
1055, 1390-1392, 1457-1458, 1460-1463, 1529, 241, 274, 293, 295, 301, 308, 314, 324, 327, 329,
1569, 1653, 1658, 1675, 1752-1754 347, 354, 431, 443, 454, 523, 525-527, 531, 533,
Fitness Function 286, 1021, 1109, 1535, 1600 536, 545, 547, 573, 579, 582, 594, 601-602, 604,
FLC 312-313, 317-318, 807, 809, 818-823, 825-826, 611, 616, 630, 633, 635, 639, 647, 650, 652-653,
1203-1205, 1215, 1217-1219, 1221-1222, 1228- 655-656, 665-666, 671-672, 685, 722-724, 752,
1229, 1231 758, 769-770, 773, 779, 781, 806, 835, 837-
Flexible Alternating Current Transmission Systems 838, 847, 863-864, 950-951, 1021, 1045, 1051,
(FACTS) 130 1184-1186, 1356-1360, 1368, 1380, 1385, 1390,
FNN 78, 685-687, 707, 731, 751, 1396-1397, 1399- 1392-1393, 1458, 1460, 1462, 1529, 1553, 1568-
1401, 1405, 1407, 1409, 1411-1412, 1414-1415, 1569, 1600, 1652-1653, 1672, 1674, 1678-1679,
1420, 1424 1681, 1752
Foot Print of Uncertainty 130 Fuzzy Knowledge Base 194, 240, 984
Forward Chaining 557, 907, 910, 913-914, 917, 919- fuzzy linear equations 252, 258, 261
920, 922-924, 932, 1267 fuzzy Logic Control 751, 807, 809, 818, 820, 1004,
fully fuzzy 1, 3-4, 9-10, 18, 25, 55-56, 61-62, 65, 252, 1204, 1403, 1600
256-257, 373-375, 379-382, 385 Fuzzy Logic Controller 239, 241, 308, 312, 314, 574,
Fully fuzzy system 1, 3-4, 9-10, 18, 25, 252, 257 739, 751-752, 825, 1203, 1217, 1220, 1236

xxiv
Index

Fuzzy Logic Technique 738-739, 759, 762 G


Fuzzy Membership function 192, 556, 561, 564-565,
947, 995, 1074, 1077, 1243-1244, 1262, 1375, Gait Analysis 1203, 1231, 1236
1673 Gait Cycle 1205, 1208-1209, 1222-1224, 1236
Fuzzy Method 650, 653, 657-658, 791 Game Mechanics 765, 781
Fuzzy min-max neural network 688, 692-693, 705, 707 Gamification 763-765, 767-768, 778-779, 781
Fuzzy Model 32, 133-134, 138, 146, 192, 278, 292, Gateway Periodicity 666
295, 398-399, 419, 450, 653, 656, 658, 715, Generic Architecture 554, 562, 1237-1239, 1251-1252
952, 1003-1004, 1185-1186, 1374, 1390, 1596, Generic model 1553, 1555, 1559, 1561, 1567-1568,
1598, 1600-1601, 1604, 1606, 1609, 1618-1619, 1573
1676-1678 Genetic Algorithm 34, 132, 134, 136, 236, 273-274,
fuzzy numbers 2, 4-6, 14, 20, 25, 50, 55-57, 61, 134, 277, 282, 287, 289, 293, 350, 368, 419, 460-462,
251-253, 255-257, 269, 367-369, 371, 373-374, 612, 688, 751, 1020-1021, 1070, 1072, 1079-1080,
376, 380, 390, 418, 422, 425, 427-428, 435, 1091, 1287, 1386, 1453, 1471, 1518, 1527, 1535-
652, 1004, 1012, 1016-1017, 1075-1077, 1085, 1537, 1541, 1600, 1680
1111, 1121-1122, 1139, 1478, 1480-1483, 1488, Genetic Programming 275, 933, 1287, 1291, 1535-1536
1495-1496, 1501-1502, 1511, 1513, 1623-1624, Gradient Descent 34, 76, 97, 130, 284, 571, 1286, 1298
1631-1632, 1637, 1690-1691, 1693-1697, 1702,
1712, 1723, 1733, 1752 H
Fuzzy Rule Interpolation 31-33, 35, 37, 50
Fuzzy rules 41, 86-87, 98, 132, 134-135, 137, 143-148, Harvard Classification 540, 543, 545-546
155, 188, 192, 194, 197, 241, 274, 278, 284-285, Hedge 1319-1320, 1688
312-314, 354, 418, 420-421, 424, 428, 430, 435, Hemiparesis 1205, 1210-1211, 1236
442, 461, 468, 476, 479, 493, 509, 545-546, 556, Hesitant Decision System 1426, 1431, 1437
561, 564, 574, 614, 616, 619, 631, 650, 685-686, Hesitant Information System 1426, 1431, 1434
752, 758, 765, 769-771, 781, 785, 788, 819-820, Hierarchical Fuzzy Inference System 1356-1360
828, 838, 957-958, 979-981, 984, 1000, 1003- Hierarchical Fuzzy System 32-34, 42
1004, 1024, 1156-1159, 1170, 1175, 1178-1179, HMI Evaluation 633, 642-643
1184-1186, 1231, 1242, 1244, 1246, 1248, 1262, homogeneous reactor 264, 269
1273-1274, 1303, 1319-1320, 1322, 1333, 1361, Homomorphisms 1425, 1439
1367-1368, 1374, 1376, 1407, 1411-1412, 1457, Homotopy perturbation method 3-4, 20, 25
1529-1530, 1565-1567, 1580, 1601, 1611-1613, Hotels Location Selection (HLS) 31, 45
1652, 1669, 1671-1674, 1676-1677, 1688 Human Machine Interface 628, 630
Fuzzy Set Theory 44, 80-81, 134, 155, 171, 192, 321, Hybrid Intelligent System 443-445, 686, 1518-1519,
324-325, 368, 421, 521, 540, 572, 938, 941-942, 1521
989, 1003, 1045, 1073, 1075, 1085, 1156, 1184, Hybrid Renewable Energy System 815-816
1270, 1342, 1398, 1425, 1427, 1454, 1457, 1479, Hybridization 86, 171, 177, 180, 444, 553-554, 560-
1597, 1622-1623, 1637, 1668-1669, 1678, 1688- 561, 572, 1518-1520, 1527, 1536-1538
1689, 1691, 1694, 1696, 1702, 1709 hyperboxes 689, 692-693, 696-698, 701-703, 705, 707
Fuzzy Test System 1228, 1236
Fuzzy Theory 1-2, 420, 809, 1073, 1109, 1396, 1398, I
1424, 1695-1696
Fuzzy Universal Approximation Theorem 515 if-then rules 83, 155, 171, 175, 177-181, 187, 241,
Fuzzy Variable 427, 442, 461, 1226, 1228, 1236, 1332, 289, 398-399, 428, 449, 492, 515, 521, 546, 611,
1562, 1565-1566, 1671, 1688 639, 650, 758, 769, 838, 862, 907, 941, 954, 979,
Fuzzy XML 1237-1239, 1242, 1246-1249, 1251, 1253, 1043-1045, 1157, 1218, 1319, 1361, 1455, 1669,
1262-1264, 1267 1672, 1681
FuzzyTrust 1339-1340 Image processing 154, 165, 274, 517, 687, 735, 957

xxv
Index

imprecise knowledge 170-175, 177, 181-183, 325, M


419, 1673
incremental learning 689, 692, 695, 707 Machine Learning 171, 274, 288, 292-293, 295, 298,
Indirect Matrix Converter 742-743, 762 301, 305, 419, 424, 445, 572, 703, 716, 1190,
Induction Motor 78, 738-739, 741-742, 749, 751-753, 1285, 1302, 1306, 1309, 1367-1368, 1521-1522,
755, 757-760, 762 1579, 1679, 1757, 1764
Inference Engine 83, 85, 99, 192, 241, 329-330, 492, MADM 652, 1110, 1112, 1146, 1710-1712
523, 543, 556-557, 686, 721, 798, 819-820, 838, MAGDM 1478-1480, 1495, 1510, 1513, 1708, 1711-
862, 920, 925, 933, 1017, 1217, 1229, 1251, 1267, 1712, 1732-1733
1356, 1360, 1376, 1600-1601, 1668, 1688, 1752 Mamdani Inference System 189, 308, 604, 801, 806
Information Retrieval 445, 1239, 1241 Mammography 687, 707, 1023, 1061
Intelligence Analysis 209, 1151, 1154, 1175, 1178 MANET 663-666, 678
Intelligent Control 1203-1204, 1215, 1236, 1399, 1404 Matrix (SDU) Decomposition 515
Intelligent Decision Making 969, 1668 matrix decomposition 487, 500
Intelligent Techniques 732, 735, 1285, 1385, 1518, 1537 Max-Min Ant System 475
Interval Analysis 2, 394-395, 411, 416 mechanical properties 176-177, 179, 181, 1454, 1458,
Intuitionistic Fuzzy Based Fair Share Scheduler 321, 1471
324 Medical Applications 705, 708, 957, 1020, 1268,
Intuitionistic Fuzzy Inference System 327, 329 1270, 1281
Intuitionistic Fuzzy Set 321, 324-326, 1709 Medical Diagnostic 194, 968
Iterative methods 55, 59, 61 Metastasis 1020, 1024, 1028, 1061
microstructural features 172, 174-175, 177, 181-182
J Military Decision Making 1150-1153
Mobile Communications 859
JXTA-Overlay 1268-1272, 1275, 1277, 1280-1283 Molecular Biology 1518, 1524-1525, 1537
Multi-Agent Systems (MAS) 873, 1327, 1330, 1366
K Multi-InputMulti-Output System (MIMO) 515
multilayer perceptron neural network 686-691, 699-
k-Nearest Neighbors 1757 700, 702, 705, 707, 709
Knowledge-based Systems 187, 611, 920 Multiple Attribute Group Decision Making (MAGDM)
1478, 1495, 1708, 1711, 1720
L Multiple Model Approach 393, 398-399, 411, 416
Multi-Robot System 1401, 1424
LEACH 609-615, 619-624, 1596-1597, 1604, 1608- multivariable nonlinear systems 487-488
1610 Mutual Information (MI) 347, 349, 353
Leader-Follower 1400-1402, 1414, 1424
linear equations 1, 3-4, 6-7, 9-10, 18, 25, 55-56, 252,
257-258, 261, 1185, 1189
N
Linguistic Variable 83, 142, 222, 226, 240, 442, 556, Natural Frequency 2, 24-25, 1540-1541
565, 631, 762, 821, 824, 908, 941, 979, 1004, Neural Networks 79, 86-87, 154, 187-188, 218-219,
1047, 1051, 1156, 1242-1243, 1245, 1262, 1273, 274, 276, 278, 282, 314, 319, 420, 444, 541, 571,
1407, 1671 682-690, 692, 699, 703, 705, 707, 719, 808, 819,
Load Balancing 517, 663-666, 672-674, 678, 1643- 830, 937, 963, 1184, 1186, 1198, 1291, 1295,
1644, 1649, 1652, 1657-1659, 1661, 1663-1664 1298-1299, 1303, 1305, 1309, 1367, 1386, 1388,
Longitudinal wave velocity 1385-1387, 1392-1393 1453-1454, 1477, 1518, 1520-1521, 1524, 1526-
Low Frequency Oscillations 119, 130 1529, 1534, 1538, 1541-1542, 1545, 1548-1549,
Lyapunov approach 487-488 1567, 1678, 1756-1757, 1759
Lyapunovs (Second) Approach 515

xxvi
Index

Neuro-Fuzzy Inference 153, 177-178, 293, 420, 443- Production Rule 442, 1672
445, 449-450, 456, 594, 950, 1183-1184, 1192, Project Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT) 1691
1197, 1390, 1457, 1542, 1545, 1740, 1752 Prostate Cancer 935, 946, 957, 962-963, 968, 1309,
Neuro-Fuzzy Models 155 1668
Neuro-Fuzzy System 99, 154, 165, 179-181, 274, 445, protective relays 987, 990-993, 996-997, 1000
561-562, 569, 572, 1303, 1518, 1531, 1538, 1580 PSK Method 367, 369-370, 378-380, 382
Neurological Signs 935, 951-952, 956, 968, 1680 PSO 195, 236, 292, 301-302, 304-305, 319, 350, 1070,
Neuron 80, 87, 276, 450-452, 558, 690-691, 700, 707, 1072, 1074, 1079-1080, 1084, 1091-1092, 1099,
839, 1207-1208, 1291-1293, 1295, 1404-1405, 1291, 1532-1533, 1542
1408-1409, 1526-1527, 1546, 1548, 1759 PSS 235-239, 241-242, 244-246, 1743
neutron diffusion 252, 264, 267, 269 Public Procurement 1620-1622, 1627-1630, 1632,
Nondestructive Test 1549 1635, 1637-1638
Nonlinear System 393, 398, 403-404, 407, 411, 416, PV Panels 809, 816, 829-830
507, 509, 1183, 1185 PV Power 809, 816-817, 820-826, 829-830
Nuclear Power Plants 394, 628-629, 633, 639, 641
Number of Clusters 609-612, 614, 621, 625, 839, Q
1598-1600, 1606-1610, 1618
Nutrient Requirements 551, 553, 561-562 Quality of Experience 1739, 1741, 1761, 1765
Quality of Service 856, 1739, 1761, 1765
O
R
Opinion Mining 1578
Optimal Solution 277, 279, 367-369, 375-376, 379- Regression Model 187, 715, 719, 724, 727-728, 735,
380, 382, 384, 387, 390, 405, 472, 1072, 1291, 1388, 1746, 1765
1304, 1621, 1747, 1749 Regression Models 715-716, 1462, 1746-1747
OWA Operator 1481-1482 REGRET 1326-1327
Relative Core 1425, 1427, 1437
P Relative Reduct 1372-1373, 1425, 1427, 1437
Replica Preserving Value 516, 518, 522-524, 527,
P2P Systems 1269, 1271, 1366 529-531, 533, 536
Path Planning 1396-1399, 1401, 1411-1412, 1414- Replica Replacement Algorithm 516, 518-520, 522,
1416, 1420, 1422, 1424 529-530, 536
Peer Reliability 1268-1270, 1277-1278, 1281-1283 Risk Analysis 969, 971-972, 974-975, 977, 1703
Petroleum 715-721, 723, 726-730, 732, 735, 815-816, Robust Optimization 1740, 1746-1747, 1749-1750,
860 1765
Phase Backup Protection 835-836, 852 Rotor 76, 89, 97, 117, 130, 236, 760, 762, 814, 817,
Photometry 540, 543, 545 828, 1541-1542, 1544
Physical Activity 763-764, 768, 778-779, 781 Rough Set 171, 188, 325, 652, 1367, 1369, 1426,
Physical Fitness 763-764, 774, 781 1518-1519, 1534, 1538
Physiographic 782, 791-793, 801, 806 Rough Set Theory 171, 188, 652, 1367, 1369, 1426,
physiographic characteristics 782, 801 1518, 1534, 1538
porosity 717, 1386 Routing Protocols 1596-1598, 1600, 1608, 1614-1615,
power network 840, 988, 990, 997, 1001 1618
Power Prediction 821, 825 Rule Based System 911, 919-920, 928, 933, 1021, 1600
Power System Stability 130, 235-237, 239, 244, 246
Power Systems 74-75, 77-78, 87, 235-237, 239, 242, S
293-294, 840, 988-990
Principal Component Analysis (PCA) 1183-1184, SaaS 460, 1364, 1643-1644
1187, 1197, 1678 Search Engines 443-445
Prioritization 280, 647, 651-653, 658, 1176-1178 sector nonlinearity 493

xxvii
Index

Sensor Faults 394-395, 411, 416 T


SentiWordNet 1576-1577, 1579, 1581-1585, 1587-
1589, 1592-1594 TAKAGISUGENO Model 1601, 1619
Service Selection 1354, 1356 Temporal Logic 968
Set Theory 44, 78, 80-81, 134, 155, 171, 188, 192, Test Case 235, 237-238, 641, 716, 719, 724, 726-729,
321, 324-326, 368, 421, 521, 540, 572, 652, 955
888, 938, 941-942, 989, 1003, 1045, 1073, 1075, Time Series 134, 715-717, 719, 724, 730-732, 735,
1085, 1109, 1156, 1184, 1270, 1342, 1367, 1369, 950, 1185, 1190-1191, 1524, 1678
1398, 1425-1427, 1454, 1457, 1479, 1518, 1534, TMFC 1342, 1347
1538, 1597, 1622-1623, 1637, 1668-1669, 1678, Tomosynthesis 1023, 1061
1688-1689, 1691, 1694, 1696, 1702, 1709, 1712 TOPSIS 1110-1112, 1123, 1129-1130, 1138-1139,
SGML 1239-1240, 1267 1141, 1143, 1145-1147, 1479, 1628, 1712
SHRM 648, 653, 658 Training Set 187, 572, 687, 692, 695, 705, 758, 1191,
Singular Value Decomposition 1189, 1302 1312, 1376, 1526, 1532, 1537
Situational Understanding 1151-1154, 1162, 1166, Trust Calculation 1314, 1325, 1341, 1362-1364
1170-1175, 1177-1178 Trust Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation 1348
Slope of the Land 782, 784, 792-794, 801, 806 TTL 665, 669, 673
SNA 202, 209, 216-221, 233 Tweet 1588, 1591-1593
Social Network Bridge 233 Type-1 Fuzzy Transportation Problem 374
Social Network Centrality 233 Type-3 Fuzzy Transportation Problem 367, 369, 374
Social Network Distance 234
Social Network Tie Strength 234 U
Soft computing 154, 171, 274, 444, 569, 682-684, 688,
707, 715-716, 739, 749, 762, 779, 855, 957, 963, Uncertain Parameter 395, 416
1020, 1060, 1150, 1157, 1386-1387, 1454, 1520 Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) 921, 933
Soft Computing Techniques 171, 444, 682-684, 688, Union 81, 83, 85, 134-135, 553, 611, 695, 824, 995,
707, 715, 739, 749, 762, 779, 1150, 1454 1005, 1042, 1317-1318, 1428, 1564, 1671, 1689
SPORAS 1325-1327 Universe of Discourse 80, 83, 135, 325-326, 442, 471,
Stars Classification 540, 543, 548 556, 616, 619, 908, 1036-1037, 1047, 1112, 1218-
Starting theory 1553-1555, 1559, 1561 1219, 1317, 1332, 1334, 1345, 1564, 1671-1672,
stiffness matrices 252, 259-260, 266-267, 1544 1676, 1689, 1709, 1716
Stock-and-flow diagram 1557-1558, 1562-1563 Urinary Incontinence 935, 943, 968
Structural Equation Model 132-133
Structural Holes 217, 234 V
Style Sheet 1240, 1267
Sugeno 44, 155, 157, 177, 308, 350, 354, 398, 450, Vague Data 287, 560, 657, 1074, 1114, 1709
545-546, 548, 632, 650, 752, 758, 769-770, 781, Vague sets 1110-1115, 1118-1119, 1123, 1146, 1709,
787, 1184-1185, 1270, 1273, 1390, 1457, 1532, 1712
1598, 1601, 1619, 1674, 1676-1677, 1753 Value of Information 1151-1152, 1178
Supervised Learning 155, 274, 558-559, 562, 572, Variable Structure System 515
684, 687, 692, 760, 1298, 1579, 1594, 1757, 1759 variable-structure control 494, 497
Swam Intelligence 1518, 1538 Venturini Algorithm 739, 743, 755
Swarm Intelligence 1080, 1285-1286, 1288-1289, Verification of Expert System 933
1519-1520 VIKOR 1350-1354, 1356
Switching State 751, 762 Virtual Machine Placement 459-462, 464, 468-469,
SWOT 647-654, 656-658 473, 475-476, 479, 482
System dynamics 936, 1553, 1555-1556, 1567, 1573 Voltage Regulation 75, 237, 239, 246
System Identification 298, 300, 1183-1184, 1190, Voltage Source Converter 89, 739-740, 762
1197, 1309

xxviii
Index

W X
Weighted Averaging Operator 1482 XML 865, 1237-1242, 1245-1249, 1251-1253, 1262-
Wind Power 807, 810, 813-814, 827-829 1264, 1267, 1714
Wind Turbine 809, 813-815, 826-828, 830
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) 79, 609-611, 624,
855, 857, 1596, 1598, 1604, 1619

xxix