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9/15/2017 Order of Nine Angles - Wikipedia

Order of Nine Angles

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Order of Nine Angles (ONA; O9A) is a Satanic and Left-Hand Path occult group
based in the United Kingdom, but with afliated groups in various other parts of the world.
Claiming to have been established in the 1960s, it arose to public recognition in the early
1980s, attracting attention for its espousal of Neo-Nazi ideologies and activism. Describing
its approach as "Traditional Satanism", it has been identied by academic researchers as
also exhibiting Hermetic and Neo-Pagan elements in its beliefs and has been described as
one of the most extreme Satanist groups in the world. One of the main
symbols of the
According to the Order's own account, it was established in the Welsh Marches of Western ONA[1]
England during the late 1960s by a woman who had previously been involved in a
secretive pre-Christian tradition surviving in the region. This account also states that in
1973 a man named "Anton Long" was initiated into the group, subsequently becoming its Grand Master.
Several academic commentators to have studied the ONA express the view that the name "Anton Long" is
probably the pseudonym of the British Neo-Nazi activist David Myatt, although Myatt has denied that this is the
case. From the late 1970s onward, Long authored a number of books and articles propagating the Order's ideas,
and in 1988 it began production of its own journal, Fenrir. Through these ventures it established links with
other Neo-Nazi Satanist groups around the world, furthering its cause through embracing the internet in the

The ONA promotes the idea that human history can be divided into a series of Aeons, each of which contain a
corresponding human civilization. It expresses the view that the current Aeonic civilization is that of the
Western, but claims that the evolution of this society is threatened by the "Magian/Nazarene" inuence of
Judeo-Christian religion, which the Order seeks to combat in order to establish a militaristic new social order,
termed the "Imperium". According to Order teachings, this is necessary in order for a Galactic civilization to
form, in which "Aryan" society will colonise the Milky Way. It advocates a spiritual path in which the
practitioner is required to break societal taboos by isolating themselves from society, committing crimes,
embracing political extremism and violence, and carrying out an act of human sacrice. ONA members practice
magick, believing that they are able to do so through channeling energies into our own "causal" realm from an
"acausal" realm where the laws of physics do not apply, with such magical actions designed to aid in the
ultimate establishment of the Imperium.

The ONA lacks any central authority or structure, instead operating as a broad network of associates termed
the "kollective" who are inspired by the texts originally authored by Long and other members of the "Inner
ONA". The group comprises largely of clandestine cells, termed "nexions", as well as gangs known as Dreccs,
artists known as Balobians, and folk mystics known as Rounwytha. With the rst nexion based in Shropshire,
Western England, the majority of groups have been established in the British Isles and Germany, although
others have been formed elsewhere in Europe, Russia, South Africa, Australia, and North America. Academic
estimates suggest that the number of individuals broadly associated with the Order falls in the low thousands.

1 History
1.1 Origins
1.2 Public emergence
2 Beliefs and structure
2.1 Traditional Satanism and Paganism
2.2 Aeonic Cosmology and Nazism
2.3 Initiation and the Seven Fold Way
2.4 The Acausal Realm, Magick and the Dark Gods
2.5 Human sacrice 1/17
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2.6 The term "nine angles"

3 Organization
3.1 Outer representative
3.2 Membership
4 Legacy and inuence
5 References
5.1 Notes
5.2 Footnotes
5.3 Sources
6 Further reading
7 External links


Academics have found it difcult to ascertain "exact and veriable

information" about the ONA's origins given the secrecy with which the
group shields itself.[3] As with many other occult organisations, the
Order shrouds its history in "mystery and legend", creating a "mythical
narrative" for its origins and development.[3] The ONA claims to be the
descendant of pre-Christian pagan traditions which survived the
Christianisation of Britain and which were passed down from the
Middle Ages onward in small groups or "temples" based in the Welsh
Marches a border area between England and Wales which were each
led by a Grand Master or Grand Mistress.[4] According to the Order, in
the late 1960s a Grand Mistress of one such group united three of these
temples Camlad, the Temple of the Sun, and The Noctulians to form
the ONA,[5] before welcoming outsiders into the tradition.[6]

According to the Order's account, one of those whom the Grand

The ONA's rst cell, "Nexion Zero",
Mistress initiated into the group was "Anton Long", an individual who
was established in the county of
described himself as a British citizen who had spent much of his youth
Shropshire (pictured).[2]
visiting Africa, Asia, and the Middle East.[7] Long claimed that prior to
his involvement in the ONA he had been interested in occultism for
several years, having contacted a coven based in Fenland in 1968, before moving to London and joining groups
that practiced ceremonial magic in the style of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn and Aleister Crowley.[3]
He also claimed a brief involvement in a Satanic group based in Manchester, the Orthodox Temple of the Prince
run by Ray Bogart, during which time he encountered the ONA Grand Mistress.[8] According to the Order's
account, Long joined the ONA in 1973 the rst to have done so in ve years and became the Grand
Mistress' heir.[9] He later recalled that at that time the group held rituals at henges and stone circles around the
solstices and equinoxes.[3]

This account further states that when the Order's Grand Mistress migrated to Australia, Long took over as the
group's new Grand Master.[5] The group claimed that Long "implemented the next stage of Sinister Strategy to
make the teachings known on a large scale".[10] From the late 1970s onward, Long encouraged the
establishment of new ONA groups, which were known as "temples",[11] and from 1976 onward he authored an
array of texts for the tradition, codifying and extending its teachings, mythos, and structure.[12] These texts are
typically written in English, although they include passages of Classical Greek as well as terms from Sanskrit
and Arabic,[13] reecting Long's uency in such languages.[7] After examining these texts, the historian 2/17
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Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke stated that in them, Long "evokes a world of witches, outlaw peasant sorcerers,
orgies and blood sacrices at lonely cottages in the woods and valleys of this area [Shropshire and
Herefordshire] where he has lived since the early 1980s".[14]

The real identity of "Anton Long" remains a mystery to both members of

the Order and to academics who have studied it.[15] However, in a 1998
issue of the anti-fascist magazine Searchlight, it was claimed that "Anton
Long" was a pseudonym of David Myatt, a prominent gure in the British
Neo-Nazi movement.[16] Born in the early 1950s, Myatt had been involved
in various Neo-Nazi groups, initially serving as a bodyguard for Colin
Jordan of the British Movement before joining the Combat 18 militia and
becoming a founding member and leader of the National Socialist
Movement.[17] His text on A Practical Guide to Aryan Revolution, in
which he advocated violent militancy in aid of the Neo-Nazi cause, was
cited as an inuence on the nail bomber David Copeland.[18] In 1998 Myatt
converted to Islam and remained a practicing Muslim for eight years, in
which time he encouraged violent jihad against Zionism and Israel's
Western allies.[19] In 2010, he announced that he had renounced Islam and
David Myatt (pictured 2007) is was practicing an esoteric tradition that he termed the "Numinous Way".[20]
often cited as the central ideologue
in the ONA. Goodrick-Clarke supported the idea that Myatt was Long,[21] with the
religious studies scholar Jacob C. Senholt adding that "the role of David
Myatt [is] paramount to the whole creation and existence of the ONA".[22]
Senholt presented additional evidence that he believed conrmed Myatt's identity as Long,[23] writing that
Myatt's embrace of Neo-Nazism and radical Islamism represented "insight roles" which Myatt had adopted as
part of the ONA's "sinister strategy" to undermine Western society,[24] a view endorsed by scholar of Satanism
Per Faxneld.[25] In 2015, an ONA member known as R. Parker argued in favour of the idea that Myatt was
Long.[26] As a result of Page's publication, the sociologist of religion Massimo Introvigne stated that the ONA
has "more or less acknowledged" that Myatt and Long are the same person, [20] which claim about Myatt the
ONA has disputed. [27]

Myatt himself has repeatedly denied allegations that he has any involvement with the ONA,[28] and that he has
used the pseudonym "Anton Long",[29] furthermore challenging the arguments used to connect him with Long
by claiming that they are based on insufcient evidence.[30] Religious studies scholar George Sieg expressed
concern with this association, stating that he found it to be "implausible and untenable based on the extent of
variance in writing style, personality, and tone" between Myatt and Long.[31] Jeffrey Kaplan, an academic
specialist in the far right, has also suggested that Myatt and Long are separate people,[32] while the religious
studies scholar Connell R. Monette posited the possibility that "Anton Long" was not a singular individual but
rather a pseudonym used by several different people.[33]

Public emergence

The ONA arose to public attention in the early 1980s.[34] During the 1980s and 1990s it spread its message
through articles in various magazines,[10] such as Stephen Sennitt's Nox,[35] as well as through the publication
of such volumes as The Black Book of Satan,[36] and Naos.[37] In 1988 it began publication of its own in-house
journal, titled Fenrir.[38] Among written material that it has publicly issued have been philosophical tracts,
ritual instruction, letters, poetry, and gothic ction.[39] Its core ritual text is titled the Black Book of Satan.[40] It
has also issued its own music, painted tarot set known as the Sinister Tarot, and a three-dimensional board game
known as the Star Game.[41] The ONA established links with other Neo-Nazi Satanist groups: its international
distributor was New Zealander Kerry Bolton, the founder of the Black Order,[42] who is described as an ONA
adept in the group's published letter-correspondence,[43] and it has access to a private library of occult and far
right material owned by the Order of the Jarls of Blder.[44] According to Monette, the group now have
associates, and groups, in the United States, Europe, Brazil, Egypt, Australia, and Russia.[2] One of these 3/17
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associates, and groups, in the United States, Europe, Brazil, Egypt, Australia, and Russia.[2] One of these
associate groups is the U.S.-based Tempel ov Blood, which has published a number of texts through Ixaxaar
Press,[45] while another is the California-based White Star Acception, which has been designated as the ONA's
"Flagship Nexion" in the United States despite diverting from mainstream ONA teachings on a number of

During the early 1990s, the Order stated that it was entering the second stage of its development, in which it
would leave behind its prior focus on recruitment and public outreach within the occult community and that it
would instead focus on rening its teachings; its resulting quietness led some occultists to erroneously speculate
that the ONA had become defunct.[47] In 2000, the ONA established a presence on the internet, using it as a
medium to communicate with others and to distribute its writings.[10] In 2008, the ONA announced that it was
entering the third phase in its history, in which it would once again focus heavily on promotion, utilising such
social media as online blogs, forums, Facebook, and YouTube to spread its message.[47] In 2011, the "Old
Guard", a group of longstanding members of the Order, stated that they would withdraw from active, public
work with the group.[48] In March 2012, Long announced that he would be withdrawing from public activity,
although appears to have remained active in the Order.[13]

Beliefs and structure

The ONA describes its beliefs as belonging to "a sinisterly-numinous mystic tradition", adding that "it is not
now and never was either strictly satanist or strictly Left Hand Path, but uses "satanism" and the LHP as "causal
forms"; that is, as techniques/experiences/ordeals/challenges" to aid the practitioner's spiritual advancement.[49]
Monette described the ONA as "a fascinating blend of both Hermeticism and Traditional Satanism, with some
pagan elements".[15] Faxneld described the ONA as "a dangerous and extreme form of Satanism" [25] and as
"one of the most extreme Satanist groups in the world." [50] Jeffrey Kaplan and Leonard Weinberg characterised
it as a "National Socialist-oriented Satanist group",[51] while Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke similarly deemed it to
be a "Satanic Nazi cult" which "combine[d] paganism with praise for Hitler".[52] He added that the ONA
"celebrated the dark, destructive side of life through anti-Christian, elitist and Social Darwinist doctrines."[53]
Considering the manner in which the ONA had syncretized both Satanism and Heathenry, the historian of
religion Mattias Gardell described its spiritual perspective as "a heathen satanic path".[54] The scholar George
Sieg however argued that the ONA should be categorised as "post-Satanic" because it has "surpassed (without
fully abandoning) identication with its original satanic paradigm".[55]

Traditional Satanism and Paganism

The ONA describe their occultism both as "Traditional Satanism",[56][a] and as a "mystical sinisterly-numinous
tradition".[49] According to Jesper Aagaard Petersen, an academic specialist of Satanism, the Order present "a
recognizable new interpretation of Satanism and the Left Hand Path",[60] and for those involved in the group,
Satanism is not simply a religion but a way of life.[34] The Order postulates Satanism as an arduous individual
achievement of self-mastery and Nietzschean self-overcoming, with an emphasis on individual growth through
practical acts of risk, prowess and endurance.[61] Therefore, "[t]he goal of the Satanism of the ONA is to create
a new individual through direct experience, practice and self-development [with] the grades of the ONA system
being highly individual, based on the initiates' own practical and real-life acts, instead of merely performing
certain ceremonial rituals".[62] Thus Satanism, the ONA assert, requires venturing into the realm of the
forbidden and illegal in order to shake the practitioner loose of cultural and political conditioning.[7]
Intentionally transgressive, the Order has been characterised as providing "an aggressive and elitist
spirituality".[15] Religious studies scholar Graham Harvey claimed that the ONA t the stereotype of the
Satanist "better than other groups", something which he thought was deliberately achieved by embracing
"deeply shocking" and illegal acts.[63] 4/17
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The ONA are strongly critical of larger Satanic

groups like the Church of Satan and the Temple of "[Long] rejects the quasi-religious organization and
Set,[64] whom they deem to be "sham-Satanic" ceremonial antics of the Church of Satan, the Temple of Set
and other satanic groups. He believes that traditional satanism
because they embrace the "glamour associated
goes far beyond the gratication of the pleasure-principle and
with Satanism" but are "afraid to experience its involves the arduous achievement of self-mastery, self-
realness within and external to them".[34] In turn, overcoming in a Nietzschean sense, and ultimately cosmic
the Church of Satan has criticised what they wisdom. His conception of satanism is practical, with an
alleged was the Order's "paranoic insistence that emphasis on individual growth into realms of darkness and
they are the only upholders of Satanic danger through practical acts of prowess, endurance and the
tradition",[32] with Kaplan stating that these risk of life."
comments reect "the intramural tensions" that are Scholar of esotericism Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke[61]
common within "the world of Satanism",[32] and
about which criticism Anton Long wrote that the ONA does not "claim to be a peer organization with a claim to
some kind of authority... When in the past we and others like us have said things that others interpret as being
against the [Temple of Set] or La Vey, we were simply assuming the role of Adversary challenging what
seemed to be becoming accepted dogma."[65]

Although conceiving of itself as having pre-Christian origins and describing Satanism as "militant paganism",
the ONA does not advocate the re-establishment of pre-Christian belief systems, with one ONA tract stating
that "all past gods of the various Western Traditions are rendered obsolete by the forces which Satanism alone is
unleashing".[34] However, Goodrick-Clarke noted that the group's "ideas and rituals" draw upon "a native
tradition", with references to the pre-Christian Anglo-Saxon concept of wyrd, an emphasis on ceremonies
performed at equinoxes, and the construction of incense using indigenous trees, thus suggesting the idea of
"rootedness in English nature".[66] Practitioners undergo "black pilgrimages" to prehistoric ceremonial sites in
the area around Shropshire and Herefordshire in the English Midlands.[14] Furthermore, Monette writes that "a
critical examination of the ONA's key texts suggests that the satanic overtones could be cosmetic, and that its
core mythos and cosmology are genuinely hermetic, with pagan inuences."[13]

Aeonic Cosmology and Nazism

The ONA states that cosmic evolution is guided by a "sinister dialectics" of alternating Aeonic energies.[67] It
divides history into a series of Aeons, believing that each was dominated by a human civilization that emerged,
evolved, and then died.[68] It states that each Aeon lasts for approximately 2000 years, with its respective
dominating human civilization developing within the latter 1500 years of that period.[69] It holds that after 800
years of growth, each civilization faces problems, resulting in a "Time of Troubles" that lasts from between 398
and 400 years. In each civilization's nal stage is a period that lasts for approximately 390 years, in which it is
controlled by a strong military and imperial regime, after which the civilization falls.[14] The ONA claims that
humanity has lived through ve such Aeons, each with an associated civilization: the Primal, Hyperborean,
Sumerian, Hellenic, and Western.[70] Both Goodrick-Clarke and Senholt have stated that this system of Aeons is
inspired by the work of Arnold J. Toynbee,[71] with Senholt suggesting that it might also have been inuenced
by Crowley's ideas regarding Thelemic Aeons.[69] However, the ONA has stated that their concept "has nothing
to do with Crowley",[72] but is based on the work of both Toynbee and Spengler.[73]

The ONA claim that current Western civilization

"Adolf Hitler was sent by our gods has a Faustian ethos and that it has recently
To guide us to greatness undergone its Time of Troubles, with its nal
We believe in the inequality of races stage, an "Imperium" of militaristic governance,
And in the right of the Aryan to live
due to commence at some point in 19902011 and
According to the laws of the folk.
We acknowledge that the story of the Jewish "holocaust" last until 2390.[14] This will be followed by a
Is a lie to keep our race in chains period of chaos from which will be established a
And express our desire to see the truth revealed. sixth Aeon, the Aeon of Fire, which will be
We believe in justice for our oppressed comrades represented by the Galactic civilization in which
an Aryan society shall colonize the Milky Way galaxy.[75] However, the Order holds that unlike5/17
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And seek an end to the world-wide galaxy.[75] However, the Order holds that unlike
Persecution of National-Socialists." previous Aeonic civilizations, the Western has
The ONA's "Mass of Heresy"[74] been infected with the "Magian/Nazarene"
distorion, which they associate with Judeo-
Christian religion.[76] The group's writings state that while Western civilization had once been "a pioneering
entity, imbued with elitist values and exalting the way of the warrior", under the impact of the Magian/Nazarene
ethos it has become "essentially neurotic, inward-looking and obsessed", embracing humanism, capitalism,
communism, as well as "the sham of democracy" and "the dogma of racial equality".[14] They believe that these
Magian/Nazarene forces represent a counter-evolutionary trend which threaten to prevent the emergence of the
Western Imperium and thus the evolution of humanity, opining that this cosmic enemy must be overcome
through the force of will.[76] Both Goodrick-Clarke and Sieg note that these ideas regarding the "Magian soul"
and "cultural distortion" brought about by Jews were derived from the work of Oswald Spengler and Francis
Parker Yockey.[77]

The ONA praise Nazi Germany as "a practical expression of Satanic spirit... a burst of Luciferian light of zest
and power in an otherwise Nazarene, pacied, and boring world."[78] Embracing Holocaust denial,[78][79] they
claim that the Holocaust was a myth constructed by the Magian/Nazarene establishment in order to denigrate
the Nazi administration following the Second World War and erase its achievements from "the psyche of the
West".[78] The group believe that a Neo-Nazi revolution is necessary to overthrow the Magian-Nazarene
domination of Western society and to establish the Imperium, ultimately allowing humanity to enter the
Galactic civilization of the future.[80] Accordingly, positive references to Nazism and Neo-Nazism can be found
within the group's written material,[74] and it evokes the Nazi leader Adolf Hitler as a positive force in its text
for the performance of a Black Mass,[81] also known as The Mass of Heresy.[82] However, some ONA texts
stress that members should embrace Neo-Nazism and racism not out of a genuine belief in Nazi ideology, but
rather as part of a "sinister strategy" to advance Aeonic evolution.[83] A version of the Black Mass-produced by
an Australian ONA group, The Temple of THEM, replaces praise for Hitler with praise for Islamist militant
Osama bin Laden,[84] while the writings of Chloe Ortega and Kayla DiGiovanni, key publicists for the U.S.-
based White Star Acception, express what Sieg termed a "left-anarchist" platform which lacked the
condemnation of Zionism and endorsement of Aryan racialism found in Long's writings.[85] The Order is thus
far more overtly political extreme in its aims than other Satanic and Left Hand Path organisations, seeking to
inltrate and destabilise modern society through both magical and practical means.[86]

Initiation and the Seven Fold Way

The ONA's core system is known as the "Seven Fold Way" or "Hebdomadry",[87] and is outlined in one of the
Order's primary texts, Naos.[88] The sevenfold system is reected in the group's symbolic cosmology, the "Tree
of Wyrd", on which seven celestial bodies the Moon, Venus, Mercury, the Sun, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn are
located.[89] The term wyrd was adopted from Old English, where it referred to fate or destiny.[89] Monette
identied this as a "hermetic system", highlighting that the use of seven planetary bodies had been inuenced by
the Medieval Arabic texts Ghyat al-akm and Shams I-Maarif.[88] The Seven Fold Way is also reected in
the group's initiatory system, which has seven grades through which the member can gradually progress.[90]
Theses are: (1) Neophyte, (2) Initiate, (3) External Adept, (4) Internal Adept, (5) Master/Mistress, (6) Grand
Master/Mousa and (7) Immortal.[91] The group has revealed that very few of its members raise to the fth and
sixth degrees,[92] and in a 1989 article the ONA stated that at that point there were only four individuals who
had reached the stage of Master.[92]

The ONA does not initiate members into the group itself, but rather expects an individual to initiate
themselves.[93] It requires that initiates be in a good physical condition, and recommends a training regimen for
prospective members to follow.[41] Newcomers are expected to take on a magical partner of the opposite sex,[66]
or of the same sex if they are lesbian or gay.[94] Thenceforth, the practitioner must undertake personal and
increasingly difcult challenges in order to move through the different grades.[93] Most of the ordeals that allow
the initiate to proceed to the next stage are publicly revealed by the Order in its introductory material, as it is 6/17
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believed that the true initiatory element lies in the experience itself and
can only be attained through performing them.[95] For instance, part of
the ritual to become an External Adept involves an ordeal in which the
prospective member is to nd a lonely spot and to lay there, still, for an
entire night without moving or sleeping.[96] The initiatory process for
the role of Internal Adept entails the practitioner withdrawing from
human society for three months, from an equinox to a solstice, or (more
usually) for six months, [97] during which time they must live in the
wild without modern conveniences or contact with civilisation.[98] The The ONA encourages its members to
next stage the Ritual of the Abyss involves the candidate living adopt "insight roles" in anarchist, Neo-
alone in a dark isolated cavern for a lunar month.[99] According to Nazi, and Islamist groups in order to
Jeffrey Kaplan, an academic specialist of the far right, these physically disrupt modern Western society.
and mentally challenging initiatory tasks reect "the ONA's conception
of itself as a vanguard organization composed of a tiny coterie of
Nietzschean elites."[74]

Within the initiatory system of the ONA, there is an emphasis on practitioners adopting "insight roles" in which
they work undercover among a politically extreme group for a period of six to eighteen months, thus gaining
experience in something different from their normal life.[100] Among the ideological trends that the ONA
suggests its members adopt "insight roles" within are anarchism, Neo-Nazism, and Islamism, stating that aside
from the personal benets of such an involvement, membership of these groups has the benet of undermining
the Magian-Nazarene socio-political system of the West and thus helping to bring about the instability from
which a new order, the Imperium, can emerge.[101] However, Monette noted a potential shift in the insight roles
recommended by the group over the decades; he highlighted that while the ONA recommended criminal or
military activities during the 1980s and early 1990s, by the late 1990s and 2000s they were instead
recommending Buddhist monasticism as an insight role for practitioners to adopt.[102] Therefore, "through the
practice of "insight roles", the order advocates continuous transgression of established norms, roles, and comfort
zones in the development of the initiate... This extreme application of ideas further amplies the ambiguity of
satanic and Left Hand Path practices of antinomianism, making it almost impossible to penetrate the layers of
subversion, play and counter-dichotomy inherent in the sinister dialectics."[103] Senholt suggested that Myatt's
involvement with both Neo-Nazism and Islamism represent such "insight roles" in his own life.[104]

The Acausal Realm, Magick and the Dark Gods

The ONA believe that humans live within the causal realm, which obeys the laws of cause and effect. However,
they also believe in an acausal realm, in which the laws of physics do not apply, further promoting the idea that
numinous energies from the acausal realm can be drawn into the causal, allowing for the performance of
magic.[105] Believing in the existence of magic which the group spell "magick" following the example of
Elias Ashmole's 1652 work Theatrum Chemicum Britannicum[106] the ONA distinguish between external,
internal, and aeonic magick.[107] External magic itself is divided into two categories: ceremonial magick, which
is performed by more than two people to achieve a specic goal,[108] and hermetic magick, which is performed
either solitarily or in a pair and which is often sexual in nature.[109] Internal magick is designed to produce an
altered state of consciousness in the participant, in order to result in a process of "individuation" which bestows
adepthood.[109] The most advanced form of magick in the ONA system is aeonic magick, the practice of which
is restricted to those who are already perceived to have mastered external and internal magick and attained the
grade of master.[109] The purpose of aeonic magick is to inuence large numbers of people over a lengthy
period of time, thus affecting the development of future aeons.[110] In particular it is employed with the intent of
disrupting the current socio-political system of the Western world, which the ONA believe has been corrupted
by Judeo-Christian religion.[111]

The ONA utilises two methods in its performance of aeonic magick. The rst entails rites and chants with the
intent of opening a gateway known as a "nexion" to the "acausal realm" in order to manifest energies in the
"causal realm" that will inuence the existing aeon in the practitioner's desired direction.[113] The second 7/17
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method involves playing an advanced form of a board game known as the

Star Game; the game was devised by the group, with the game pieces
representing different aeons. The group believes that when an initiate plays
the game they can become a "living nexion" and thus a channel for acausal
energies to enter the causal realm and effect aeonic change.[114] An
advanced form of the game is used as part of the training for the grade of
Internal Adept.[66] According to Myatt, he invented the game in 1975.[115]

The Order promotes the idea that "Dark Gods" exist within the acausal
realm, although it is accepted that some members will interpret them not as
real entities but as facets of the human subconscious.[116] These entities are
perceived as dangerous, with the ONA advising caution when interacting
with them.[116] Among those Dark Gods whose identities have been
discussed in the Order's publicly available material are a goddess named
Even though, the ONA Dark Baphomet who is depicted as a mature woman carrying a severed head,[117]
Goddess Baphomet has been with the ONA stating that the name is of ancient Greek origin.[118] In
described as having "strong addition, there are entities whose names, according to Monette, are
parallels" with the Hindu Goddess borrowed from or inuenced by gures from Classical sources and
Kali (pictured), [112] it is unrelated astronomy, such as Kthunae, Nemicu, and Atazoth.[117]
because Goddess Kali symbolizes
victory over evil and ignorance. Another of these acausal gures is termed Vindex, after the Latin word for
"avenger". The ONA believe that Vindex will eventually incarnate as a
human although the gender and ethnicity of this individual is unknown
through the successful "presencing" of acausal energies within the causal realm, and that they will act as a
messianic gure by overthrowing the Magian forces and leading the ONA to prominence in the establishment of
a new society.[119] Sieg drew comparisons between this belief in Vindex and the ideas of Savitri Devi, the
prominent Esoteric Hitlerist, regarding the arrival of Kalki, an avatar of the Hindu god Vishnu, to Earth.[120]
The ONA also propagate the idea that it is possible for the practitioner to secure an afterlife within the acausal
realm through their spiritual activities.[89] It is for this reason that the nal stage of the Seven Fold Way is
known as the "Immortal", constituting those initiates who have been able to advance to the stage of dwelling in
the acausal realm.[89]

Human sacrice

The ONA's writings condone and encourage human sacrice,[121] referring to their victims as opfers.[66] The
ONA outline their views on human sacrice in a number of documents: "A Gift for the Prince A Guide to
Human Sacrice", "Culling A Guide to Sacrice II", "Victims A Sinister Expos", and "Guidelines for the
Testing of Opfers".[122] According to the ONA's beliefs, the killer must allow their victim to "self-select"
themselves; this is achieved through testing the victim to see if they expose perceived character faults. If this
proves to be the case, the victim is believed to have shown that they are worthy of death, and the sacrice can
commence.[123] Those deemed ideal for sacrice by the group include individuals perceived as being of low
character, members of what they deem "sham-Satanic groups" like the Church of Satan and Temple of Set, as
well as "zealous, interfering Nazarenes", and journalists, business gures and political activists who disrupt the
group's operations.[124] The ONA explains that because of the need for such "self-selection", children must
never be victims of sacrice.[125] Similarly, the ONA "despise animal sacrice, maintaining that it is much
better to sacrice suitable mundanes given the abundance of human dross".[126]

The sacrice is then carried out through either physical or magical means, at which point the killer is believed to
absorb power from the body and spirit of the victim, thus entering a new level of "sinister" consciousness.[127]
As well as strengthening the character of the killer by heightening their connection with the acausal forces of
death and destruction,[128] such sacrices are also viewed as having wider benets by the ONA, because they

remove from society individuals whom the group deems to be worthless human beings.[34] Monette noted that8/17
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remove from society individuals whom the group deems to be worthless human beings.[34] Monette noted that
no ONA nexion cells publicly admitted to carrying out a sacrice in a ritual manner, but that members had
joined the police and military groups in order to engage in legal violence and killing.[129]

The ONA believe that there are historical precedents to their practice of human sacrice, expressing belief in a
prehistoric tradition in which humans were sacriced to a goddess named Baphomet at the spring equinox and
to the Arcturus star in the autumn.[66] However, the ONA's advocacy of human sacrice has drawn strong
criticism from other Satanist groups like the Temple of Set, who deem it to be detrimental to their own attempts
to make Satanism more socially acceptable within Western nations.[66]

The term "nine angles"

In its essays and other writings, the ONA offers various differing explanations as to the meaning of the term
"Nine Angles".[130] One explanation is that it pertains to the seven planets of the group's cosmology (the seven
angles), added to the system as a whole (the eighth angle), and the mystic themselves (the ninth angle).[131] A
second explanation is that it refers to seven "normal" alchemical stages, with an additional two processes.[130] A
third is that it pertains to the nine emanations of the divine, a concept originally found in Medieval texts
produced within the Islamic mystical tradition of Susm.[130] Monette further suggested that it was a reference
to a classical Indian tradition which divided the solar system into nine planets.[130]

According to the O9A, they use the term "nine angles" in reference to not only the nine emanations, and
transformations, of the three basic alchemical substances (mercury, sulfur, salt) as occurs in their occult use of
the Star Game,[115][132] but also in reference to their hermetic journey with its seven spheres and its two acausal

The ONA is a secretive organization.[135] It lacks
any central administration, instead operating as a "The ONA is a diverse, and world-wide, collective of diverse
network of allied Satanic practitioners, which it groups, tribes, and individuals, who share and who pursue
similar sinister, subversive, interests, aims and life-styles, and
terms the "kollective".[2] Thus, Monette stated that who co-operate when necessary for their mutual benet and in
the Order "is not a structured lodge or temple, but pursuit of their shared aims and objectives... The criteria for
rather a movement, a subculture or perhaps belonging to the ONA is this pursuit of similar sinister,
metaculture that its adherents choose to embody or subversive, interests, aims and life-styles, together with the
identify with".[136] Monette also suggested that desire to co-operate when it is benecial to them and the
this absence of a centralised structure would aid pursuit of our shared aims. There is thus no formal ONA
the Order's survival, because its fate would not be membership, and no Old-Aeon, mundane, hierarchy or even
any rules."
invested solely in one particular leader.[33] The
The ONA, 2010[134]
ONA dislikes the term "member", instead
favouring the word "associate".[136] In 2012, Long
stated that those afliated with the Order fell into six different categories: associates of traditional nexions,
Niners, Balobians, gang and tribe members, followers of the Rounwytha tradition, and those involved with
ONA-inspired groups.[2]

The group largely consists of autonomous cells known as "nexions".[2][1] The original cell, based in Shropshire,
is known as "Nexion Zero", with the majority of subsequent groups having been established in Britain, Ireland,
and Germany, however nexions and other associated groups have also been established in the United States,
Australia, Brazil, Egypt, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Poland, Serbia, Russia and South Africa.[2] Some of these
groups, such as the U.S.-based Tempel ov Blood, describe themselves as being distinct from the ONA while
both having been greatly inuenced by it and having connections to it.[137] 9/17
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In the ONA's terminology, the terms Drecc and Niner refer to folk-based or gang-based culture or individuals
who support the Order's aims by practical (including criminal) means rather than esoteric ones.[136] One such
group is the White Star Acception, who claim to have perpetrated rapes, assaults, and robberies in order to
advance the group's power; Sieg noted that the reality of these actions has not been veried.[138] A Balobian is
an artist or musician who contributes to the group through their production of ne art.[136] The Rounwytha is a
tradition of folk-mystics deemed to exhibit gifted psychic powers reecting their embodiment of the "sinister
feminine archetype". Although a minority are men, most Rounwytha are female, and they often live reclusively
as part of small and often lesbian groups.[139]

Outer representative
Several academic commentators have highlighted the existence of a position within the ONA called an "Outer
Representative", who serves as an ofcial spokesperson for the group to the outer world.[140] The rst to
publicly claim to be the group's "Outer Representative" was Richard Moult, an artist and composer from
Shropshire who used the pseudonym of "Christos Beest".[140] Moult was followed as "Outer Representative" by
"Vilnius Thornian", who held the position from 1996 to 2002,[48] and who has been identied by ONA insiders
as the Left Hand Path ideologue Michael Ford.[141] Subsequently, on the blog of the White Star Acception, the
claim was made that the group's member Chloe Ortega was the ONA's Outer Representative, also this blog later
became defunct by 2013.[142] In 2013, a female American Rounwytha using the name of "Jall" appeared
claiming to be the Order's "Outer Representative".[48]

However, according to Long the "outer representative" was "an interesting and instructive example of [the
O9A's] Labyrinthos Mythologicus,... a ploy,"[143] and which was designed to "intrigue, select, test, confuse,
annoy, mislead".[144] Long wrote that "the ploy was for a candidate or an initiate to openly disseminate ONA
material, and possibly give interviews about the O9A to the Media, under the guise of having been given some
sort of 'authority' to do so even though such an authority and the necessary hierarchy to gift such authority
was in fact a contradiction of our raison d'tre; a fact we of course expected those incipiently of our kind to
know or sense."[143] According to Senholt the ONA "does not award titles",[92] with Monette writing that "there
is no central authority within the ONA."[33]

Within the ONA was a group of longstanding initiates known as the "Old Guard" or "Inner ONA",[33][145]
whose experience with the tradition led to them becoming inuential over newer members who often sought
their advice.[33] Members of this Old Guard included Christos Beest, Sinister Moon, Dark Logos, and Pointy
Hat,[33] although in 2011 they stated that they would withdraw from the public sphere.[48]


While the ONA has stated that it is not an occult organization in the conventional sense but an esoteric
philosophy,[146][147] several academics have written about ONA membership. In a 1995 overview of British
Satanist groups, Harvey suggested that the ONA consisted of less than ten members, "and perhaps fewer than
ve."[63] In 1998, Jeffrey Kaplan and Leonard Weinberg stated that the ONA's membership was "innitesmally
small", with the group acting primarily as a "mail-order ministry".[51] Regarding the question of membership,
Anton Long, in a letter to Aquino dated October 1990, wrote that "once the techniques and the essence [of the
ONA] are more widely available then membership as such is irrelevant, since everything is available and
accessible... with the individual taking responsibility for their own development, their own experiences."[148]

In 2013 Senholt noted that because the group has no ofcial membership, it is "difcult, if not impossible, to
estimate the number of ONA members".[149] Senholt suggested that a "rough estimate" of the "total number" of
individuals involved with the ONA in some capacity from 1980 to 2009 was "a few thousand"; he had come to
this conclusion from an examination of the number of magazines and journals about the subject circulated and
the number of members of online discussion groups devoted to the ONA.[149] At the same time he thought that
the number of "longtime adherents is much smaller."[149] Also in 2013, Monette estimated that there were over

two thousand ONA associates, broadly dened.[150] He believed 10/17
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two thousand ONA associates, broadly dened.[150]

He believed
that the gender balance was roughly equal, although with regional
variation and differences among particular nexions.[136] Introvigne
noted that if Monette's estimate was correct, it would mean that the
ONA is "easily... the largest Satanist organization in the

According to a recent survey, the ONA has more female supporters

than either the Church of Satan or the Temple of Set; more women
with children; more older supporters; more supporters who are
better established in socio-economic terms; and more who
politically are further to the Right.[152]

Legacy and inuence

The ONA's main inuence lies not with the group itself, but with its An issue of the ONA's original Fenrir
prolic release of written material.[39] According to Senholt, "the magazine
ONA has produced more material on both the practical and
theoretical aspects of magic, as well as more ideological texts on
Satanism and the Left-Hand Path in general, than larger groups such as the Church of Satan and the Temple of
Set has produced in combination [which] makes the ONA an important player in the theoretical discussion of
what the Left-Hand Path and Satanism is and should be according to the practitioners".[153]

These writings were initially distributed to other Satanist and Neo-Nazi groups, although with the development
of the internet this was also used as a medium to propagate its writings,[41] with Monette expressing the view
that they had attained "a sizable presence in occult cyberspace",[15] and thus become "one of the most
prominent Left Hand Path groups by virtue of its public presence".[47] Many of these writings were then
reproduced by other groups.[51] Kaplan considered the ONA to be "an important source of Satanic
ideology/theology" for "the occultist fringe of National Socialism", namely Neo-Nazi groups like the Black
Order.[154] The group gained increased attention following the growth in public interest in Myatt's impact on
terrorist groups during the War on Terror in the 2000s.[86] The historian of esotericism Dave Evans stated that
the ONA were "worthy of an entire PhD thesis",[155] while Senholt expressed the view that it would be
"potentially dangerous to ignore these fanatics, however limited their numbers might be".[156]

In the Jack Nightingale series of novels by Stephen Leather, a Satanic "Order of Nine Angles" are the leading
antagonists.[47] Similarly, a ctionalised Satanic group named the "Order of Nine Angels" appear in Conrad
Jones' 2013 novel Child for the Devil.[157] In another of his novels, Black Angel, Jones included a page titled
"Additional Information" giving a warning about the Order of Nine Angles.[158]


a. The ONA used the term Traditional Satanism in their Black Book of Satan, published in 1984.[36] Since
the establishment of the ONA, the term "Traditional Satanism" has also been adopted by Theistic Satanist
groups like the Brotherhood of Satan.[57] Faxneld suggested that the Order's adoption of the word
"traditional" possibly reected a "conscious strategy to built legitimacy" by harking back to "arcane
ancient wisdom" in a manner deliberately distinct from the way in which Anton LaVey sought to gain
legitimacy for his Church of Satan by appealing to rationality, science, and his own personal charisma.[57]
Elsewhere Faxneld suggested that the ONA's use of "Traditional Satanism" to differentiate themselves
from the dominant forms of Satanism had comparisons with how those who describe themselves as
practitioners of "Traditional Witchcraft" do so to distinguish their magico-religious practices from the

dominant form of modern witchcraft, Wicca.[58] According to Anton Long, writing in the text Selling 11/17
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dominant form of modern witchcraft, Wicca.[58] According to Anton Long, writing in the text Selling
Water By The River "Traditional Satanism is a term used to describe the sinister path which for centuries
was taught on an individual basis... To this path belongs the Septenary System, Esoteric Chant [and] the
comprehensive training of novices (including the development of the physical side) and most importantly
the Internal system of magick (the Grade Rituals etcetera)."[59]

1. "ONA: Frequently Asked Questions" ( The Order of Nine Angles
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3. Senholt 2013, p.255.
4. Kaplan 2000, p.236; Goodrick-Clarke 2003, p.218.
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6. Kaplan 2000, p.236; Gardell 2003, p.391.
7. Monette 2013, p.86.
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40. Senholt 2013, p.260; Introvigne 2016, p.361.

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Senholt, Jacob C. (2013). "Secret Identities in the Sinister Tradition: Political Esotericism and the Convergence
of Radical Islam, Satanism, and National Socialism in the Order of Nine Angles". The Devil's Party:
Satanism in Modernity. Per Faxneld and Jesper Aagaard Petersen (editors). Oxford: Oxford University
Press. pp.250274. ISBN978-0-19-977924-6.

Senholt, Jacob C. (2009). "The Sinister Tradition" ( Archived from the
original on September 26, 2015.

Sieg, George (2013). "Angular Momentum: From Traditional to Progressive Satanism in the Order of Nine
Angles". International Journal for the Study of New Religions. 4 (2): 251283.
doi:10.1558/ijsnr.v4i2.251 (

Weitzmann, Mark (2010). "Anti-Semitism and Terrorism on the Electronic Highway". Terrorism and the
Internet: Threats, Target Groups, Deradicalisation Strategies. NATO Science for Peace and Security
Series. Hans-Liudger Diniel (editor). Amsterdam: IOS Press. pp.726. ISBN978-1-60750-536-5.

Further reading
Perlmutter, Dawn. "Skandalon 2001: The Religious Practices of Modern Satanists and Terrorists" (http://www.a Anthropoetics. VII (2).

Perlmutter, Dawn (Fall 2003 Winter 2004). "The Forensics of Sacrice: A Symbolic Analysis of Ritualistic
Crime" ( Anthropoetics. IX (2).

Wessinger, Catherine Lowman (2000). Millennialism, Persecution, and Violence. Syracuse, New York:
Syracuse University Press. ISBN0-8156-0599-4. 16/17
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External links
The ONA Authorized Weblog (

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