problems in steel design

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problems in steel design

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SITUATION I

A plate with width of 300 mm and thickness of 20 mm is to be connected to two

plates of the same width with half the thickness by 25 mm diameter rivets as

shown. The rivet holes have a diameter 2 mm larger that the rivet diameter. The

plate is A36 steel with yield strength F y = 248 MPa, allowable tensile stress of

0.60Fy and allowable bearing stress of 1.35Fy. The rivets are A502, Grade 2, hot

driven rivets with allowable shear stress of 150 MPa.

7.) Which of the following most nearly gives the critical net area of the section?

A. 4125 sq. mm. C. 5625 sq. mm.

B. 4625 sq. mm. D. 5125 sq. mm.

SITUATION IV

The angular section is welded to a 12 mm gusset plate. Both materials are A36

1.) Which of the following most nearly gives the maximum load, in kN that can steel with Fy = 248 MPa. The allowable tensile stress is 0.6Fy. The weld is E80

be applied to the connection without exceeding the allowable tensile stress in the electrode with Fu = 550 MPa. Allowable shearing stress for the weld is 0.3F u.

plates: Properties of L 150 X 90 X 12:

A. 750 C. 700 Area = 2751 mm2

B. 780 D. 730 B = 90 mm

y = 51 mm

2.) Which of the following most nearly gives the maximum load, in kN, that can t = 12 mm

be applied to the connection without exceeding the allowable shear stress in H = 150 mm

rivets:

A. 640 C. 550

B. 590 D. 700

3.) Which of the following most nearly gives the maximum load, in kN, that can

be applied to the connection without exceeding the allowable bearing stress

between the plate and the rivets:

A. 670 C. 620

B. 650 D. 700

8.) Which of the following gives the value of a + b in mm

SITUATION II A. 267 C. 432

A steel hanger consists of a plate 125 mm x 6 mm held at the top of by 20-mm B. 395 D. 351

rivets in single shear. The rivets are arranged in diamond from so that the first

net section has one hole and the second net section has two holes. Allowable 9.) Which of the following gives the value of b in mm

stresses are 110 MPa for tension in plates, 83 MPa for shear on rivets, and 165 A. 267 C. 187

MPa for bearing between the rivets and the plate. Hole diameter is 3 mm larger B. 232 D. 298

than the rivet diameter.

4.) Which of the following most nearly gives the load on the hanger so that the 10.) Which of the following gives the value of P in kN?

allowable tensile stress in the plates will not be exceeded? A. 409 C. 567

A. 67.32 kN C. 58.17 kN B. 436 D. 365

B. 72.14 kN D. 92.56 Kn

SITUATION V

5.) Which of the following most nearly gives the load on the hanger so that the It is desired to determine the plastic moment of each of the loaded beam shown.

allowable shearing stress in the rivets will not be exceeded?

A. 152 kN C. 98 kN

B. 104 kN D. 125 kN

6.) Which of the following most nearly gives the load on the hanger so that the

allowable bearing stress will not be exceeded?

A. 65.4 kN C. 45.2 kN

B. 85.7 kN D. 79.2 kN

SITUATION III

A steel plate is 360 mm wide and 20 mm thick with four bolt holes cut into a

plate as shown in the figure. The general expression for the specification method

for computing the net area is: 11.) Which of the following gives the plastic moment for Figure ST-19A in kN-m?

2 A. 45 C. 25

s B. 35 D. 30

4g 12.) Which of the following gives the plastic moment for Figure ST-19B in kN-m?

(t) A. 37.5 C. 35.5

B. 39.5 D. 32.5

A n= A g (hole dia x t )+

13.) Which of the following gives the plastic moment for Figure ST-19C in kN-m?

A. 48.996 C. 42.857

B. 37.452 D. 56.325

SITUATION VI

For the steel section shown:

1|Page

STEEL DESIGN PRACTICE PROBLEMS

SITUATION IX

A W14x500 is used as abeam to support a concrete floor system. The floor is to

carry a total load of 120 kPa. The beam is simply supported over a span of 7 m.

The properties of the section are as follows:

Depth, d = 498 mm

Thickness of web = 56 mm

Moment of Inertia, Ix = 3,417 x 106 mm4

Section modulus, Sx = 13,730 x 103 mm3

Weight = 7.32 kN/m

Assume the beam is laterally supported over its length and that the allowable

bending stress is 0.66Fy and in shear on gross section is 0.4Fy. Use A36 steel

14.) Which of the following most nearly gives the section modulus of the section? with Fy = 250 MPa. Allowable deflection is L/360.

A. 4,900,000 mm3 C. 3,400,000 mm3

B. 4,300,000 mm3 D. 5,100,000 mm3 23.) Which of the following most nearly gives the center-to-center spacing of the

beams without exceeding the allowable shear stress.

15.) Which of the following most nearly gives the plastic section modulus of the A. 7.21 m C. 9.56 m

section? B. 6.53 m D. 8.51 m

A. 5,560,000 mm3 C. 4,550,000 mm3

B. 5,120,000 mm3 D. 6,130,000 mm3 24.) Which of the following most nearly gives the center-to-center spacing of the

16.) Which of the following most nearly gives the shape factor of the section? beams without exceeding the allowable bending stress.

A. 1.8 C. 1.3 A. 2 m C. 3 m

B. 1.1 D. 1.5 B. 2.5 m D. 3.5 m

25.) Which of the following most nearly gives the center-to-center spacing of the

SITUATION VII beams without exceeding the allowable deflection.

The gusset is riveted to a larger plate by four 22-mm rivets arranged and loaded A. 3.48 m C. 2.87 m

as shown. B. 4.21 m D. 6.23 m

SITUATION X

A W27X178 is used as a beam that is simply supported at its ends. The

properties of the section is as follows:

Weight, W = 265.4 kg/m Ix = 2,909,458 x 103 mm4

Area, A = 33,742 mm2 Sx = 8,237.4 x 103 mm3

Depth, d = 706.4 mm rx = 293.64 mm

Web thickness, tw = 18.4 mm Iy = 231,008 x 103 mm4

Flange width, bf = 357.8 mm Sy = 1,291.3 x 103 mm3

Flange thickness, tf = 30.2 mm ry = 82.74 mm

17.) Which of the following most nearly gives the direct load on each rivet in kN. rt = 94.49 mm Fy = 250 MPa

A. 8 C. 12

B. 15 D. 10 26.) Which of the following most nearly gives the allowable bending stress of the

beam over an unsupported length of 4 m?

18.) Which of the following most nearly gives the force in kN on the heavily A. 185 MPa C. 150 MPa

loaded rivet. B. 125 MPa D. 165 MPa

A. 15 C. 12

B. 18 D. 16 27.) Which of the following most nearly gives the allowable bending stress of the

beam over an unsupported length of 7 m?

19.) Which of the following most nearly gives the force in kN on the lightly A. 150 MPa C. 185 MPa

loaded rivet. B. 165 MPa D. 125 MPa

A. 13 C. 11

B. 9 D. 15 28.) Which of the following most nearly gives the allowable bending stress of the

beam over an unsupported length of 9 m?

SITUATION VIII A. 160 MPa C. 140 MPa

For the welded connection shown, the plate is adequate to resist the load. B. 125 MPa D. 155 MPa

29.) Which of the following most nearly gives the allowable bending stress of the

beam over an unsupported length of 12 m?

A. 90 MPa C. 115 MPa

B. 105 MPa D. 130 MPa

SITUATION XI

A column 3 m long and pinned at both ends carries an axial load of 190 kN. The

column is made up of 2 angles of unequal legs with long legs back to back and

separated by a gusset plate whose thickness is 11 mm. Use A36 steel with Fy =

248 MPa and E = 200,000 MPa. Three sections are being considered, as follows,

20.) Which of the following gives the location of the center of gravity of the weld with their respective properties relevant of this problem (length units are in

from A (to the left of A)? meters):

A. 123.5 C. 120.5 Section A rx ry

B. 112.5 D. 115.5 2L 125x75x12 0.00454 0.0390 0.0160

2L 150x90x10 0.00463 0.0480 0.0195

21.) Which of the following gives the twisting moment to be resisted by the weld 2L 150x90x12 0.00550 0.0500 0.0251

in kN-m?

A. 32.12 C. 15.98 30.) Which of the following section gives the largest allowable compressive

B. 28.45 D. 23.63 stress?

A. 2L 125x75x12 C. 2L 150x90x12

22.) Which of the following gives the maximum load on the most stressed weld B. 2L 150x90x10 D. Not enough data

in N/mm?

A. 529 C. 589 31.) Which of the following sections gives the smallest allowable compressive

B. 612 D. 465 stress?

A. 2L 125x75x12 C. 2L 150x90x12

2|Page

STEEL DESIGN PRACTICE PROBLEMS

B. 2L 150x90x10 D. Not enough data

32.) Which of the following sections gives the most economical (lightest) section

for the given load?

A. 2L 125x75x12 C. 2L 150x90x12 SITUATION XV

B. 2L 150x90x10 D. Not enough data A column resisting on a base plate is shown. The column transmits a moment of

78 kN-m to the foundation and the axial load on the column is negligible. The

SITUATION XII moment is transmitted through two angles welded to the column flange, then to

A simply supported beam has a span of 4.5 m. The beam is subjected to an axial two anchor bolts. The weld has an allowable stress of 110 MPa and the allowable

compressive force of 300 kN and a vertical concentrated load (P) acting at stress on the bolt is 150 MPa.

midspan. The member is fully laterally supported for its entire length. The effect

of any bolt holes can be neglected. The beam consists of 2 150 mm x 90 mm

x 12 mm angles, with long legs back-to-back and spaced 10 mm apart. For this

problem, the relevant properties of one 150 mm x 90 mm x12 mm angle are:

Area (A) = 2,751 mm2

Elastic Section Modulus (Sx) = 0.000063 m3

Steel is A36, yield strength (Fy = 248 MPa). The allowable compressive stress Fa

= 0.60Fy and the allowable flexural stress Fb = 0.66Fy. Neglect the member

weight.

33.) Which of the following gives the axial compressive stress in the beam if axial

force existed alone, in MPa?

A. 54.5 C. 48.3

B. 58.9 D. 64.2

A. 145.9 C. 163.7

B. 172.9 D. 152.8 42.) Which of the following most nearly gives the force that will be transmitted

through the anchor bolts in kN?

35.) Which of the following gives the maximum value of the vertical load that the A. 94.8 C. 173.3

member can support in kN? B. 397.1 D. 236.2

A. 15.3 C. 13.9

B. 7.8 D. 11.6 43.) Which of the following most nearly gives the moment acting on the welds in

kN-m?

SITUATION XIII A. 8.67 C. 6.47

A W21x62 steel is used as a beam simply supported over a span of 8 m. The B. 9.26 D. 7.12

beam is laterally unsupported over the entire span. Fy = 250 MPa.

The properties of the section are as follows: 44.) Which of the following most nearly gives the minimum nominal size of the

Depth, H = 533 mm weld in mm?

Flange width, bf = 210 mm A. 5.25 C. 7.21

Flange thickness, tf = 15.6 mm B. 4.48 D. 6.54

Web thickness, tw = 10.2 mm

Radius of gyration, rt = 53.34 mm SITUATION XVI

Section modulus, Sx = 2,077 x 103 mm3 45.) The shear capacity V of a steel wide flange section, 600 mm deep whose

36.) Which of the following gives the value of the ratio L/r t? web thickness is 9 mm, is closest to: (Assume Fy = 200 MPa)

A. 130 C. 170 A. 486 kN C. 432 kN

B. 150 D. 160 B. 864 kN D. 684 kN

37.) Which of the following gives the allowable bending stress in MPa in SITUATION XVII

accordance with the provisions of the NSCP? 46.) A wide flange beam of depth 800 mm carries a total shear of 2000 Kn. If Fy

A. 150 C. 52.01 = 250 MPa, the required web thickness is:

B. 78.21 D. 63.77 A. 20 mm C. 25 mm

B. 30 mm D. 35 mm

38.) Which of the following gives the safe uniform load that the beam can carry

in kN/m? SITUATION XVIII

A. 19.98 C. 16.56 47.) The structural I-beam supporting a floor carries a floor load of 4.6 kN/m 2.

B. 15.21 D. 18.32 The beams span 6 m and are simply supported at their ends. Determine the

centerline spacing if the allowable bending stress in the beam is 120 MPa and

SITUATION XIV the section modulus is 534 x 103 mm3,

A simply supported beam with span of 8 m is subjected to a ccw moment at the A. 3.75 m C. 4.0 m

left support and a counterclockwise moment at the right support equal to 25% of B. 3.45 m D. 3.0 m

the moment at the left support, both acting in the plane of the minor axis of the

beam. The beam is not restrained against lateral buckling. The beam is A36 steel

with Fy = 248 MPa. The properties of the W21x62 beam are as follows: SITUATION XIX

rt = 0.053 m tf = 0.016 m The section of a steel beam is as shown. Use Fy = 250 MPa.

d = 0.533 m Sx = 0.002077 m3

bf = 0.21 m

39.) Which of the following most nearly gives the slenderness ratio, below which

the beam is short with respect to lateral buckling?

A. 65.8 C. 86.3

B. 75.9 D. 95.7

40.) Which of the following most nearly gives the allowable flexural stress in the

compression flange in MPa?

A. 99.9 C. 68.7

B. 86.3 D. 75.4

48.) Which of the following most nearly gives the location of the plastic neutral

41.) Which of the following most nearly gives the maximum value of the moment axis from the bottom of the section in mm?

at the left support in kN-m? A. 95 C. 85

A. 254.7 C. 302.1 B. 90 D. 80

B. 275.8 D. 287.4

3|Page

STEEL DESIGN PRACTICE PROBLEMS

49.) Which of the following most nearly gives the plastic section modulus of the

section in m3?

A. 0.0007 C. 0.0008

B. 0.0006 D. 0.0009

50.) Which of the following most nearly gives the plastic moment capacity of the

section in kN-m?

A. 150 C. 190

B. 170 D. 200

4|Page

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