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# BEAM ANALYSIS

SPECIFICATION
Moment,M = 42900
Chac. Strength of concrete,fck = 35
Chac. Strength of steel,fyk = 500
cover, c = 75 , bar
column size =
pile = prestressed spun pile
safety factor = 1.5

## SIZE OF PILE CAP

Assume selfweight of = 200 kN
pilecap, say W
no of pile required = (N + W) / pile capacity
= 0.9625253904 use

pile spacing = k = 2
= 3000 = 800
k =

width , B = (k + 1) x + 300
= 2500 mm =
length, L = (2k + 1) x + 300
= 7800 mm =
depth = 2 + 400
= 3400 mm =

selfweight = 1657.5 kN

## max.service load per pile, F = (N + W)/n + Mx/l I=

= 9078.75 <

ANALYSIS
Ultimate load per pile, F = P/n + Mx/I
= 14575

## Maximum moment at column face,

Mxx = 2 (M x (spacing - 0.20)) =
Myy = 3(M x (spacing -0.20)) =

MAIN REINFORCEMENT
Effective depth,
dx = h-Cnom-0.5bar = 3315
dy = h-Cnom-1.5bar = 3295
longitudal bar
Bending Moment, M = 17490
K = M / bd^2fck
= 0.0181892458 < Kbal
*compression reinforcement not required
z = d(0.5+ (0.25-k/1.134)^(1/2))
= 2720.0269838
As, min = M/0.87fykz
= 14781.800619

## Minimum and maximun reinforcement area,

As,min = 0.26(fctm/fyk)bd = 13833.495
As, max = 0.04Ac = 340000

transverse bar
Bending Moment, M = 26235
K = M / bd^2fck
= 0.0272838686 < Kbal
*compression reinforcement not required
z = d(0.5+ (0.25-k/1.134)^(1/2))
= 2720.0269838
As, min = M/0.87fykz
= 22172.700928

## Minimum and maximun reinforcement area,

As,min = 0.26(fctm/fyk)bd = 43160.5044
As, max = 0.04Ac = 1060800

SHEAR
(i) Vertical shear - at /5 section inside pile
2 pile outside the critical section
shear force, Ved = 2(F) 29150
pile spacing = 3
consider shear enhancement over the whole width of pile cap
Reduced shear force
Ved = 29150 x (a / 2d) a =
= 4176.8476621 kN

## design shear resistance

Vrd,c = (0.12k(100pfck)^(1/3))bd
k = 1 + (200/d))^(1/2)<2.0
= 1.2456253754 < 2

p1 = Asl/bd <0.02
= 0.001783626 <0.02
Vrd,c = 2280952.1886
Vmin = ((0.035k^(3/2)*fck^(1/2))bd
= 2385650.2741

pile spacing < 2
< 3000

## iii) maximum punching shear at column perimeter.

maximum shear resistance,
Vrd,max = 0.5ud(0.6(1-fck/250))fck/1.5
= 0.5

CRACKING
h = 3400 > 200 mm
= 0.55(fyk/1.15)As,req/As,prov
= 329.59331219
for design crack width = 0.3mm
max.allowable bar spacing = 200 mm
max.bar spacing 1 = 177.69230769 > 200
max.bar spacing 2 = 507.33333333 > 200
= 20

1500 dia.mm
15445.48 kN

2 pile

2.5

7.8

3.4

36
15445.48 OK

17490
26235
= 0.167
t not required
= 0.98d

T32-50
16087

= 0.167
t not required
= 0.98d

T40-50
25136

950
4.1768476621 OK

## need specific measure

mm OK
mm NOT OK
SPECIFICATION
Moment,M = 42900
Chac. Strength of concrete,fck = 35
Chac. Strength of steel,fyk = 500
cover, c = 75 , bar
column size =
pile = prestressed spun pile
safety factor = 1.5

## SIZE OF PILE CAP

Assume selfweight of = 200 kN
pilecap, say W
no of pile required = (N + W) / pile capacity
= 0.9625253904 use

pile spacing = k = 2
= 3000 = 800

width , B = (k + 1) x + 300
= 4800 mm =
length, L = (2k + 1) x + 300
= 7800 mm =
depth = 2 + 400
= 3400 mm =

selfweight = 3744 kN

## max.service load per pile, F = (N + W)/n + Mx/l

= 9205.3333333 <

MAIN REINFORCEMENT
Effective depth,
d = h-C-1.5bar = 3295

= 14666.666667

## from truss analogy,

Tension force, T = NL/8d
= 47118500 N = 47118.5

## Area of reinforcement, As = T/0.87fyk

= 108318.3908
for whole width of pile cap
As = 1 * As
= 108318.3908

## Minimum and maximun reinforcement area,

As,min = 0.26(fctm/fyk)bd = 26400.0672
As, max = 0.04Ac = 652800

SHEAR
(i) Vertical shear - at /5 section inside pile
2 pile outside the critical section
shear force, Ved = 2(F) #REF!
pile spacing = 3
consider shear enhancement over the whole width of pile cap
Reduced shear force
Ved = #REF! x (a / 2d)
= #REF! kN

## design shear resistance

Vrd,c = (0.12k(100pfck)^(1/3))bd
k = 1 + (200/d))^(1/2)<2.0
= 1.2463696964 < 2

p1 = Asl/bd <0.02
= #REF! <0.02

Vrd,c = #REF!
Vmin = ((0.035k^(3/2)*fck^(1/2))bd
= 4556895.2416

pile spacing < 2
800 < 3000

## iii) maximum punching shear at column perimeter.

maximum shear resistance,
Vrd,max = 0.5ud(0.6(1-fck/250))fck/1.5
= 0.5

CRACKING
h = 3400 > 200 mm
= 0.55(fyk/1.15)As,req/As,prov
= #REF!
for design crack width = 0.3mm
max.allowable bar spacing = 200 mm
max.bar spacing 1 = 356.15384615 > 200
max.bar spacing 2 = 508.66666667 > 200
= 20

1500 dia.mm
15445.48 kN

2 pile

4.8

7.8

15445.48 OK

kN
4556.8952416 #REF!

mm NOT OK
mm NOT OK