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Chapter 1

Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

Solutions

SECTION - A
Objective Type Questions (One option is correct)
1. The total number of ions present in 1 ml of 0.1 M barium nitrate solution is
(1) 6.02 108 (2) 6.02 1010 (3) 3.0 6.02 1019 (4) 3.0 6.02 108
Sol. Answer (3)
Number of molecules of Ba(NO3)2
1
= 0.1 NA
1000
= 104 NA
1 molecule Ba(NO3)2 gives 3 ions
104 NA molecules will give = 104 NA 3
= 3 6.02 1019 = 1.806 1020
2. Which of the following have lowest weight?
(1) 6.023 1022 molecules of glucose (2) 18 ml of water at 4C
(3) 11200 ml of CH4 at STP (4) 5.6 litre of CO2 at STP
Sol. Answer (3)
11200 ml of CH4 at STP has lowest weight i.e., 8 g.
3. The largest number of molecules are in
(1) 28 g of CO (2) 46 g of C2H5OH (3) 36 g of H2O (4) 54 g of N2O5
Sol. Answer (3)
Sample Number of molecules
28
28 g CO NA = N
28 A

46
46 g C2H5OH NA = N
46 A

36
36 g of H2O NA = 2N
18 A

54 N
54 g N2O5 NA A
108 2
36 g H2O contains maximum number of molecules

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2 Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry Solution of Assignment (Set-2)

4. The volume of 0.1 M Ca(OH)2 needed for the neutralization of 40 ml of 0.05 M oxalic acid is
(1) 10 ml (2) 20 ml (3) 30 ml (4) 40 ml
Sol. Answer (2)

H2C2O4 Ca(OH)2 CaC2O4 2H2O


Number of milli equivalents of H2SO4 = Number of milliequivalents of Ca(OH)2
N1 V1 = N2 V2
M1 n-factor V1 = M2 n-factor V2
0.05 2 40 = 0.1 2 V2
V2 = 20 ml
5. Number of oxalic acid molecules in 100 ml of 0.02 N oxalic acid is
(1) 6.023 1020 (2) 6.023 1021 (3) 6.023 1022 (4) 6.023 1023
Sol. Answer (1)
N = M n factor
Oxalic acid is H2C2O4
Hence n factor = Basicity = 2
0.02 = M 2
M = 0.01
Number of moles = molarity Volume (liter)
100
= 0.01 = 0.001
1000
Number of molecules = 0.001 NA = 0.001 6.023 1023 = 6.023 1020
6. A compound contains 3.2% of oxygen. The minimum molecular weight of the compound is
(1) 300 (2) 440 (3) 350 (4) 500
Sol. Answer (4)
For molecular mass to be minimum one gram atom of O (16 g oxygen) should be present
3.2 g oxygen 100 gm compound
16 100
16 g oxygen = 500 g
3.2
Minimum molecular mass of compound = 500
7. The weight of KOH in its 50 milliequivalent is
(1) 1.6 g (2) 2.2 g (3) 2.8 g (4) 4.8 g
Sol. Answer (3)

mass
Number of meq 1000
Equivalent mass

mass
50 1000
39 16 1
1

50 56
mass = 2.8 g
1000

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Solution of Assignment (Set-2) Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry 3
8. The mole fraction of glucose in aqueous solution is 0.2, then molality of solution will be
(1) 13.8 (2) 55.56 (3) 2 (4) 12
Sol. Answer (1)

0.2 200
Molality = 0.8 18 13.8 m
14.4
1000

9. A metal oxide contains 60% metal. The equivalent weight of metal is


(1) 12 (2) 60 (3) 40 (4) 24
Sol. Answer (1)

60
Equivalent wt. of metal = 8 12
40

10. The number of neutrons in a drop of water (20 drops = 1 mL) at 4C


(1) 6.023 1022 (2) 1.338 1022 (3) 6.023 1020 (4) 7.338 1022
Sol. Answer (2)
20 drops = 1 ml

1
or 1 drop = ml
20

mass of one drop = Volume density

1 g 1
= ml 1 = g
20 ml 20

1
20 1
Number of moles =
18 360

1
Number of molecules = 6.023 1023 = 1.67 1021
360

1 molecule contain 8 neutrons


1.67 1021 molecule will contain = 1.67 1021 8 = 1.338 1022 neutrons
11. What volume of CO2 at STP will evolve when 1 g of CaCO3 reacts with excess of dil HCl?
(1) 224 ml (2) 112 ml (3) 56 ml (4) 448 ml
Sol. Answer (1)

CaCO3 CO2
Applying POAC on C
1 nCaCO3 1 nCO2

1 V
1 1
100 22400

V = 224 ml

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4 Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry Solution of Assignment (Set-2)

12. 1.82 g of a metal requires 32.5 ml of 1 N HCl to dissolve it. What is the equivalent weight of metal?
(1) 46 (2) 65 (3) 56 (4) 42
Sol. Answer (3)

Metal HCl Pr oduct


Number of eq. of metal = Number of eq. of HCl
1.82 1 32.5

Emetal 1000

1.82 1000
Emetal = = 56
32.5
13. 1 g Ca was burnt in excess of O2 and the oxide was dissolved in water to make up one litre of solution.
The normality of solution is
(1) 0.04 (2) 0.4 (3) 0.05 (4) 0.5
Sol. Answer (3)

Ca O2
CaO
1 gm

Applying P.O.A.C. on Ca
1 nCa 1 nCaO
1
1 1 nCaO
40
1
nCaO
40

CaO H2O Ca OH2

nCaO nCa(OH)2

1 1
[Ca(OH)2 ]
40 40
1

NCa(OH)2 MCa(OH)2 2

1 1
= 2 0.05
40 20
Normality of Ca and Ca(OH)2 will be same.
14. The normality of solution obtained by mixing 100 ml of 0.2 M H2SO4 with 100 ml of 0.2 M NaOH is
(1) 0.1 (2) 0.2 (3) 0.5 (4) 0.3
Sol. Answer (1)
Number of eq. of H2SO4 = N1V1
100
= 0.2 2
1000
= 0.04

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Solution of Assignment (Set-2) Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry 5
Number of eq. of NaOH = N2V2
100
= 0.2 1
1000
= 0.02
Resulting equivalent = N1V1 N2V2
= 0.04 0.02
= 0.02
0.02
Resulting eq. 100 100
Nmix 0.1N
V(lit) 1000
15. The vapour density of a volatile chloride of divalent metal is 59.5 and equivalent mass of the metal is
(1) 96 (2) 48 (3) 24 (4) 12
Sol. Answer (3)
Volatile chlorides are chlorides of alkaline earth metal
M++ 2Cl MCl2
Molecular weight = 2 vapour density
= 2 59.5
=119
weight of metal = 119 2 35.5
= 119 71 = 48
Atomic weight of metal 48
Emetal 24
Valency 2

N
16. 0.45 g of a dibasic acid is completely neutralised with 100 ml NaOH. The molecular weight of acid is
10

(1) 45 (2) 90 (3) 180 (4) 22.5


Sol. Answer (2)
milliequivalents of acid = milliequivalents of NaOH
0.45 1
1000 100
E 10
E = 45
Molecular weight = E Basicity
= 45 2 = 90
17. A sample of pure calcium weighing 1.35 g was quantitatively converted to 1.88 g of pure CaO. Atomic mass
of calcium is
(1) 20 (2) 40 (3) 60 (4) 30
Sol. Answer (2)

Ca CaO
Applying POAC on Ca
1 nCa = 1 nCaO

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6 Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry Solution of Assignment (Set-2)

1.35 1.88
1 1
A A 16
1.35 A + 1.35 16 = 1.88 A
1.88A 1.35 A = 1.35 16
0.53A = 21.6
A = 40.75
A 40
18. For the reaction,
3Zn2+ + 2K4[Fe(CN)6] K2Zn3[Fe(CN)6]2 + 6K+, what will be the equivalent weight of K4[Fe(CN)6], if the
molecular weight of K4[Fe(CN)6] is M?
M M M
(1) M (2) (3) (4)
2 3 4
Sol. Answer (3)

3 Zn+2 + 2 K 4 [Fe(CN)6 ] K 2 Zn3 [Fe(CN)6 ]2 + 6K +


2 mole K4Fe(CN)6 loses 6 mole K+
1 mole K4Fe(CN)6 loses 3 mole K+
Number of moles of cations (monovalent) lost by one molecule is n factor.
So n factor = 3
M
E
3
19. Equivalent weight of H3PO2 is (M molecular weight)
M M M M
(1) (2) (3) (4)
1 2 3 4
Sol. Answer (1)
H3PO2 has only one replaceable H-atom.
20. 0.92 g of Ag2CO3 is heated strongly beyond its melting point. After heating the amount of residue is
(1) 0.36 g (2) 0.39 g (3) 0.77 g (4) 0.72 g
Sol. Answer (4)

Ag2CO3 Ag CO2 O2
Applying POAC on Ag
2 nAg2CO3 = 1 nAg

0.92 W
2 1
2 108 60 108

2 0.92 W

216 60 108

108 2 0.92
W
276

W = 0.72 g

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Solution of Assignment (Set-2) Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry 7
21. Molality of pure water is
(1) 1 (2) 55.56
(3) 20 (4) Cannot be calculated
Sol. Answer (2)

1000
m 18 55.56 m
1

22. When 400 g of a 20% solution by weight was cooled, 50 g of solute precipitated. The percentage concentration
of remaining solution is
(1) 8.57% (2) 15% (3) 12.25% (4) 9.5%
Sol. Answer (1)

20
Weight of solute = 400 = 80 g
100

Amount of solute remaining = 80 50 = 30 g


Mass of solution remaining = 400 50 = 350

w solute
% concentration = w 100 = 30 100
solution 350

= 8.57%
23. Which of the following solution has normality equal to molarity?
(1) H2SO4 aqueous solution (2) H3PO4 aqueous solution
(3) HNO3 aqueous solution (4) Mg(OH)2 aqueous solution
Sol. Answer (3)
Basicity of HNO3 is 1.
Hence, Molarity = Normality
24. For the reaction
Ba (OH) 2 + 2HClO 3 Ba (ClO 3 ) 2 + 2H 2 O, calculate the no. of moles of H 2 O formed when
0.1 mole of Ba (OH)2 is treated with 0.0250 moles of HCIO3.
(1) 0.1 (2) 0.125 (3) 0.25 (4) 0.025
Sol. Answer (4)
0.1mole 0.0250 mole
Ba(OH)2 2HClO3 Ba(ClO3 )2 2H2O

1mole 2 mole H2O


Ba(OH)2
0.1mole 0.2 mole H2O

2 mole 2 mole H2O


HClO3
0.025 mole 0.025 mole H2O

HClO3 is limiting reagent, hence 0.025 mole H2O will be formed.

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8 Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry Solution of Assignment (Set-2)

25. Ammonia gas is passed into water, yielding a solution of density 0.93 g /cm3 and containing 18.6% NH3 by
weight. The mass of NH3 per cc of the solution is
(1) 0.17 g/cm3 (2) 0.34 g/cm3 (3) 0.51 g/cm3 (4) 0.68 g/cm3
Sol. Answer (1)
Let 100 g solution is taken
M=Vd

M 100 g
Vsolution 3
d 0.93 g / cm3 = 107.5 cm

18.6
mass of NH3 per c.c. = = 0.17298 g/cm3 = 0.17 g/cm3
107.5

26. The empirical formula of a commercial ion exchange resin is C8H7SO3Na. The resin can be used to soften
water according to the reaction Ca2+ + 2C8H7SO3Na (C8H7SO3)2Ca + 2Na+. What would be the maximum
uptake of Ca2+ by the resin expressed in mole /g resin ?
(1) 0.00246 (2) 0.0246 (3) 0.246 (4) 0.0048
Sol. Answer (1)

Ca2 2C8H7 SO3Na (C8H7 SO3 )2 Ca 2Na


Resin
M 206

2 206 g resin takes 1 mole Ca+2

1
1 g resin takes = = 0.00246 mole/g
2 206

27. A mixture of 1.65 1021 molecules of X and 1.85 1021 molecules of Y weighs 0.688 g. The mol. wt. of X
is (Assume mol. wt. of Y is 187).
(1) 52 (2) 84 (3) 126 (4) 41.47
Sol. Answer (4)
For Y
6.023 1023 molecules 187 g
1.85 1021 molecules 0.574 g
weight of x + weight of y = 0.688
weight of x + 0.574 = 0.688
weight of x = 0.1136 0.114
1.65 1021 molecules of x 0.114
6.023 1023 molecules of x 41.47 g
Molecular weight of x = 41.47

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Solution of Assignment (Set-2) Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry 9
28. Average atomic weight of boron is 10.10 and boron exists in two isotopic forms B10 and B11. The percentage
abundance of B10 is
(1) 10% (2) 90% (3) 50% (4) 20%
Sol. Answer (2)
Assume percentage abundance of B10 = x
So percentage abundance of B11 = 100 x

x 10 (100 x)11
Apply formula, 10.10
100
10 1100 11x 1010
x = 90%
29. Vapour density of mixture of NO2 and N2O4 is 34.5, then percentage abundance of NO2 in mixture is
(1) 50% (2) 25% (3) 40% (4) 60%
Sol. Answer (1)
Molecular weight = 2 V.D. = 69
Assume % of NO2 = x
So % of N2O4 = 100 x

x 46 (100 x)92
Apply formula, 69
100
46x + 9200 92x = 6900
x = 50%
30. A mixture of FeO and Fe3O4 when heated in air to constant weight gains 5% in its weight. The % of FeO in
the sample is
(1) 79.75 (2) 20.25 (3) 30.25 (4) 10.25
Sol. Answer (2)
When FeO and Fe3O4 are heated both change to Fe2O3
Let weight of FeO and Fe3O4 be x g and y g
Total weight of Reactant = (x + y) g
Since weight increases 5% on heating when FeO and Fe3O4 changes completely to Fe2O3 .

105
Weight of Fe2 O3 (x y) = 1.05 (x + y)
100
FeO Fe3 O4 Fe2O3
x gm y gm 1.05 (x y)
Applying POAC on Fe
x 3y 1.05(x y)
2
72 232 160
x 81

y 319

81
% of FeO 100 = 20.25 %
81 319
% of Fe3O4 = 79.98 %

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10 Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry Solution of Assignment (Set-2)

31. 1 ml of gaseous aliphatic compound CnH3nOm is completely burnt in an excess of O2 and cooled to room
temperature. The contraction in volume is

1 3 1 1 3 1 3 1
(1) 1 n m (2) 1 n m (3) 1 n m (4) 1 n m
2 4 4 4 4 4 4 2
Sol. Answer (4)

3n
2n 2 m
CnH3nOm O nCO 3n H O(l)
2 2 2
2 2
3n
2n m
Contraction = 1 + 2 n 1 3n m
2 4 2
32. 1 mole of aliphatic compound CnH3nOm is completed burnt is an excess of O2. The reacted oxygen no. of
moles of is
3n m 3n m 3n m 3n m
(1) n (2) n (3) n (4) n
4 2 2 2 4 2 4 4
Sol. Answer (1)
As solution 31
3n m
Required O2 = n
4 2
33. 1 mol of gaseous compound CnH3nOm is completely burnt in excess of O2. The number of moles of CO2 formed
is
(1) n (2) n/2 (3) 2n (4) 3n
Sol. Answer (1)
As solution 31
Moles of CO2 = n
34. 1 mole of gaseous aliphatic compound CxH3nOm is completely burnt in excess of O2 . The no. of moles of
H2O is formed
(1) n (2) 3n/2 (3) 2n (4) 3n
Sol. Answer (2)
As solution 31
3n
Moles of H2O =
2
35. 1 litre of gaseous aliphatic compound CxHyOz is completely burnt in excess of O2 and cooled to room
temperature. The contraction in volume is
y z y z y z y z
(1) x (2) 1 (3) x (4) 1
4 2 4 2 2 2 4 2
Sol. Answer (2)
y
2x z
2 y
CxHy Oz O2 xCO2 H2O
2 2
y
2x z
2 x 1 y z
Contraction = 1
2 4 2

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Solution of Assignment (Set-2) Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry 11
36. 1 litre of aliphatic compound CxHyOz is completely burnt in an excess of O2 and cooled to room temperature.
The reacted volume of oxygen will be

y z y z y z y z
(1) x (2) x (3) (4)
4 2 2 2 4 2 8 4

Sol. Answer (1)


37. Given that the abundances of isotopes 54Fe, 56Fe and 57 Fe are 5%, 90% and 5%, respectively, the atomic mass
of Fe is [IIT-JEE 2009]
(1) 55.85 (2) 55.95 (3) 55.75 (4) 56.05
Sol. Answer (2)
We will have to take weighted average

54 5 90 56 5 57
55.95
100

38. Dissolving 120 g of urea (mol. wt. 60) in 1000 g of water gave a solution of density 1.15 g/mL. The molarity of
the solution is [IIT-JEE 2011]
(1) 1.78 M (2) 2.00 M (3) 2.05 M (4) 2.22 M
Sol. Answer (3)

wt. of solute 1000


M
mol. wt. of solute volume of solution

120 1000
M 2.05
60 1120
1.15

SECTION - B
Objective Type Questions (More than one options are correct)
1. 1 mole of CO2 contains

(2) 6.023 1023 atoms of C (1) 6.023 1023 atoms of O

(3) 6.023 1023 molecules of CO2 (4) All of these

Sol. Answer (2, 3)

1 mole CO2 contains NA no. of molecules

1 molecule of CO2 contain 1 C atom

NA molecule of CO2 contain NA C atom

1 molecule of CO2 contains 2 O atom

NA molecule of CO2 contains = 2 NA O atom

NA = Avogadro number

= 6.023 1023
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12 Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry Solution of Assignment (Set-2)

2. 1 gram atom of Na is equivalent to


(1) 1 gram equivalent of Na (2) 13 g
(3) 23 g (4) 1 g
Sol. Answer (1, 3)
1 g atom of Na
= 1 mole Na
= 23 gm
for Na, n factor = 1
Number of eq. = Number of moles nf
=11
=1
3. Which of the following contains the greatest number of atoms?
(1) 1g of O (2) 1g of O2 (3) 1g O3 (4) 1g F2
Sol. Answer (1, 2, 3)
1 N
Number of atoms of O in 1 gm O = NA 1 = A
16 16

1 N
Number of atoms of O in 1 gm O2 = NA 2 = A
32 16

1 NA
Number of atoms of O in 1 gm O3 = NA 3 =
48 16

1 N
Number of atoms of F = NA 2 = A
38 19
(1), (2), (3) have same number of atoms and greatest number of atoms also.
4. Atomic masses of many elements are non-integral because
(1) They have isotopes
(2) The isotopes have non-integral atomic masses
(3) Their isotopes have different masses
(4) The constituents neutrons, protons and electrons combine to give fractional masses
Sol. Answer (1, 3)
Facts
5. Which of the following is/are independent of temperature?
(1) Molarity (2) Molality (3) Mole fraction (4) Normality
Sol. Answer (2, 3)
Molarity and normality contain volume while molality and mole fraction contain weight hence molality and mole
fraction is independent of temperature.

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Solution of Assignment (Set-2) Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry 13
6. For the reaction,
A + 2B C + 2D.
The correct statement is
(1) Equivalents of A = 2 equivalents of B (2) Moles of A reacted = Moles of D formed
(3) Equivalents of B = Equivalents of C (4) Moles of B reacted = 2 Moles of C formed
Sol. Answer (3, 4)

A 2B C 2D
Number of eq. of A = number of eq. of B = number of eq. of C = number of eq. of D
Moles of A reacted = 2 moles of D formed
Moles of B reacted = 2 moles of C formed
7. For the reaction,
A + 2B 2C,
5 moles of A and 8 moles of B are reacted, then
(1) Whole A is consumed (2) Whole B is consumed
(3) 8 moles of C are formed (4) 8 equivalents of C are formed
Sol. Answer (2, 3)

A 2B 2C
1 mole 2 mole C
A
5 mole 10 mole C
2 mole 2 mole C
B
8 mole 8 mole C
B forms least number of moles of product hence B is limiting reagent.
Moles of C formed = 8
8. 10 g carbon reacts with 100 g Cl2 to form CCl4. The correct statement is
(1) Carbon is the limiting reagent (2) Cl2 is the limiting reagent
(3) 107.8 g CCl4 is formed (4) 0.833 moles of CCl4 are formed
Sol. Answer (2, 3)

C 2Cl2 CCl4
10
moles of C = = 0.833
12
100
moles of Cl2 = = 1.40
71
1mole C 1mole CCl4
C
0.833 mole 0.833 mole CCl4
2 mole Cl2 1mole CCl4
O
1.40 mole Cl2 0.70 mole CCl4
Cl2 is limiting reagent because it forms least number of moles of product.

WCCl4 = 0.70 154

= 107.8 g

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14 Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry Solution of Assignment (Set-2)

9. Which of the following pairs have same number of molecules?


(1) 2 g of O2, 4 g of SO2
(2) 2 g CO2, 2 g of N2O
(3) 224 ml O2 at STP, 448 ml of He at 0.5 atm and 273 K
(4) 2 g oxygen and 2 g ozone
Sol. Answer (1, 2, 3)
2 NA
(1) 2 g O2 = NA molecules
32 16
4 NA
4 g SO2 = NA molecules
64
16
2 N
(2) 2 g CO2 = NA A molecules
44 22
2 N
2 g N2O = NA A molecules
44 22
224 N
(3) 224 ml O2 at STP = NA A molecules
22400 100
= 102 NA
448 ml of He at 0.5 atm and 273 K
PV = nRT
448
PV 0.5
n = 1000 10 103 1 10 2 moles
RT 0.0821 273
molecules = 1 102 NA
2 NA
(4) 2 g oxygen = NA
32 16
2 NA
2 g ozone =
48 NA 24

10. 100 ml of 0.02 N oxalic acid is equivalent to
(1) 100 ml of 0.01M oxalic acid (2) 6.023 1020 molecules of oxalic acid
(3) 50 ml of 0.02 M oxalic acid (4) 100 ml of 0.02 M oxalic acid
Sol. Answer (1, 2, 3)
Number of eq. of oxalic acid
100
0.02 = 0.002
1000
(1) Number of eq. of H2C2O4
100
0.01 1000 2 = 0.002

(2) Number of eq. of oxalic acid

6.023 1020
2 = 2 103 = 0.002
6.023 1023

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Solution of Assignment (Set-2) Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry 15
(3) Number of eq. of oxalic acid

50
0.02 2 = 0.002
1000
(4) Number of eq. of oxalic acid

100
0.02 2 = 0.004
1000
(1), (2), (3) are correct
11. 12 g of Mg will react completely with an acid to give
1
(1) 1 mole of O2 (2) mole of H2 (3) 1 equivalent of H2 (4) 2 equivalents of H2
2
Sol. Answer (2, 3)
Number of eq. of Mg = Number of eq. of H2

12 WH2
2
24 EH2
WH2
1
1
WH2 1

n
WH2 1
H2 mole
MH2 2
Number of eq. of Mg = 1
Hence number of eq. of H2 = 1
Magnesium does not liberate O2 on reaction with an acid.
12. 0.5 g of fuming H2SO4 oleum is diluted with water. This solution is completely neutralised by 26.7 ml of
0.4 N NaOH. The correct statement is/are
(1) Mass of SO3 is 0.104 g (2) % of free SO3 = 20.7
(3) Normality of H2SO4 for neutralization is 0.2 N (4) Weight of H2SO4 is 0.104 g
Sol. Answer (1, 2)
Let 0.5 gm fuming H2SO4
Contains x gm SO3

SO3 H 2O H2SO4
1 mole SO3 gives 1 mole H2SO4
x x
mole SO3 give, mole H2SO4
80 80
Total number of moles of
x 0.5 x
H2SO4 =
80 98
Number of eq. of H2SO4 = Number of eq. of NaOH

x 0.5 x 26.7
80 98 2 = 0.4 1000

On solving x = 0.104 gm

Percentage of free SO3 = 20.7%


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16 Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry Solution of Assignment (Set-2)

13. A given solution of H2SO 4 is labelled as 49% (w/w), then correct statement regarding the solution is
(d = 1.3 g/ml)
500 1000
(1) m (2) N (3) % w/v = (49 1.3)% (4) M = 6.5
51 51
Sol. Answer (1, 3, 4)
49 1000 500
m
98 51 51

49 1000
N d 10d (where d = density) = 13
49 100
14. Out of following, which molecules has same weight under identical volume at STP?

(1) 14CO
2 (2) NO2 (3) 13CO
2 (4) CO18
2

Sol. Answer (1, 2)


If molecular weight for different gas is same then under identical volume, weight will be same.
15. 4 gm of NaOH can be neutralised by
N
(1) 100 ml of 1N HCl (2) 200 ml of H SO
2 2 4
N M
(3) 1000 ml of KOH (4) 2000 ml of H PO
10 20 3 4
Sol. Answer (1, 2)

4 1
Equivalent of NaOH
40 10
100 1
Eq. of HCl = 1
1000 10
200 1 1
Eq. of H2SO4 =
1000 2 10
2000 1 3
Eq. of H3PO4 = 3
1000 20 10
16. Choose the correct statement regarding equivalent weight
(1) Equivalent weight of a substance always remain same
(2) Equivalent weight of substance depends on reaction
(3) Equivalent weight may be greater than atomic weight
(4) Equivalent weight may be less than atomic weight
Sol. Answer (2, 3, 4)
Fact.
17. 11.2 L of CH4 and 22.4 L of C2H6 at STP are mixed. Then choose correct statement/statements
(1) Vapour density of the mixture is 12.67
(2) Average molecular wt. will be less than 16
(3) Average molecular wt. will be greater than 16 and less than 30
(4) Average molecular weight will be greater then 30
Sol. Answer (1, 3)
1 2
Average molecular wt. = 16 30
3 3
= 5.33 + 20 = 25.33
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Solution of Assignment (Set-2) Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry 17
18. Which of the following pairs follow law of multiple proportion?
(1) CO2, CO (2) Fe2O3, Fe0.90O (3) 12CO , 14CO (4) N2O4, N2O3
2

Sol. Answer (1, 4)


For isotope law of multiple proportions is not valid.
19. Choose the correct match/matches
(1) 18 ml of H2O at 4C NA molecule of H2O
NA
(2) 11.2 L of CO2 at 273C molecule of CO2
2
and 1C
(3) 56 g of Fe57 NA atom
(4) 5.6 L of CH4 at STP 4 g weight
Sol. Answer (1, 4)
1 mole of Fe57 = 57 g
20. Largest number of bond pair will be in
(1) 30 g C2H6 (2) 24 g C2H2 (3) 14 g H2 (4) 44 g CO2
Sol. Answer (1, 3)
Mole of H2 = 7
No. of bond pair = 7 1 = 7

SECTION - C
Linked Comprehension Type Questions
Comprehension-I
Atoms of same element having same atomic number and different atomic mass are known as isotopes. If atomic
masses of two isotopes of an element are A1 and A2 and they exist in the ratio P1 : P2, then average atomic mass

A1P1 A 2P2
A avg
P1 P2
1. Which isotope can be used to decide the scale of atomic mass?
(1) 12 15 24 14
6C (2) 7N (3) 11Na (4) 6C

Sol. Answer (1)


12
6C is not radioactive hence can be used to decide the scale of atomic mass.
2. If % abundance of two isotopes of carbon 6C12 and 6C14 are 90% and 10% respectively then number of C-12 atoms
in 12 g of sample will be approximately

(1) 0.44 N A (2) 0.88 N A (3) 0.22 N A (4) 0.11 N A

Sol. Answer (2)


Average atomic mass
A1P1 A 2P2 12 90 14 10 1220
= 12.2
100 100 100
12
Moles of carbon present in 12 g sample = 0.98
12.2
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18 Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry Solution of Assignment (Set-2)

Total number of C-atoms present in 12 g = 0.98 NA

Since C-12 atoms are 90% of total atoms, hence number of C-12 atoms present in the sample

90
= 0.98NA
100

= 0.88 NA
3. If average atomic mass of Cl is 35.5. Chlorine exist in nature in the form of two isotopes 17Cl35 and 17Cl37, then ratio
in which they exist in nature will be

(1) 1 : 1 (2) 3 : 1 (3) 2 : 1 (4) 3 : 2


Sol. Answer (2)

Let % of 35 37
17Cl = x and 17Cl = 100 x
A1P1 A 2P2
35.5
100
35x 37(100 x)
35.5
100
35x + 3700 37x = 3550

37x 35x = 3700 3550


2x = 150

x = 75
100 x = 25

Ratio of 35 37
17Cl : 17Cl = 75 : 25 = 3 : 1

Comprehension-II
Avogadros law states that under similar condition of T and P, equal volumes of gases contain equal number
of particles. Experiments show that at one atmosphere pressure and at a temperature 273 K (i.e. at STP)
one mole of any gas occupies a volume approximately 22.4 litres. Therefore number of moles of any sample
of gas can be found by comparing its volume at STP with 22.4.
1 mole of any species contains 6.023 1023 particles which is denoted by symbol NA. Number of atoms present
in 1 gm-atom of an element or number of molecules present in 1 gm-molecule of any substance is equal to NA.
Hence it is number of particles present in one mole of the substance.

1. If NAV is Avogadros number, then 10 amu will be equal to __________ gram

N AV 10
(1) 10 NAV (2) (3) (4) NAV
10 N AV
Sol. Answer (3)

1
1 amu = mass of one C 12 atom
12
1 12 1
= 12 N N
AV AV

10
10 amu = N
AV

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Solution of Assignment (Set-2) Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry 19
2. At STP 11.2 L of CO2 contains
(1) 1 mol (2) 2 mol (3) 0.5 mol (4) 3 mol
Sol. Answer (3)

Volume
Moles of CO2
Molar volume

11.2
= 0.5 mole
22.4
3. The number of gm atoms of oxygen present in 0.2 mole of H2S2O8 is
(1) 0.2 (2) 8 (3) 1.6 (4) 0.8
Sol. Answer (3)
1 mole H2S2O8 contains 8 g atoms of O
0.2 mole H2S2O8 will contain = 0.2 8
= 1.6 g atoms of O
Comprehension-III
All chemical reactions take place under certain laws out of which three laws are given here.
(i) Law of conservation of mass: According to this law, total mass of reactants is equal to total mass of products.
(ii) Law of constant composition: According to this law, a chemical compound is always found to be made up of
same elements combined together in fixed proportion by weight.
(iii) Law of multiple proportion: According to this law, when two elements are combined to form two or more
chemical compounds, the weight of one of the elements which combine with a fixed weight of another bear a
simple whole number ratio to one another.
1. Two samples of lead oxide were separately reduced to metallic lead by heating in a current of hydrogen. The
weight of lead from one oxide was half the weight of lead obtained from the other oxide. The data illustrates
(1) Law of reciprocal proportions (2) Law of constant proportions
(3) Law of multiple proportions (4) Law of conservation of mass
Sol. Answer (3)
Fact
2. 3 g of a hydrocarbon on combustion with 11.2 g of oxygen produces 8.8 g CO2 and 5.4 g H2O. The data illustrates
(1) Law of conservation of mass (2) Law of multiple proportions
(3) Law of definite proportions (4) Law of reciprocal proportions
Sol. Answer (1)
mLHS = mRHS
3. The percentage of carbon and oxygen in samples of CO2 obtained by different methods were found to be the same.
This illustrates
(1) Law of conservation of mass (2) Law of constant proportions
(3) Law of multiple proportions (4) Law of reciprocal proportions
Sol. Answer (2)
Fact.
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20 Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry Solution of Assignment (Set-2)

Comprehension-IV
On being heated in oxygen 5.72 g of red metallic oxide A was converted to 6.36 gram black metallic oxide B. When 4.77
g of B was heated in a stream of H2 gas, 3.81 g of metal M was formed. (Given, atomic weight of metal is 63.50)
1. The formula of red metallic oxide A is
(1) MO (2) MO2 (3) M2O (4) M2O3
Sol. Answer (3)
In B, wt. of oxygen = 4.77 3.81 = 0.96 g
0.96
Equivalent of oxygen = 0.12
8
So, equivalent of metal = 0.12
3.81 381
Eq. wt. of metal = 31.8
0.12 12
By considering eq. wt. of metal in B
5.72 6.36
, where x is the equivalent weight of metal in A
x 8 39.8
x = 63.5
2. The formula of black metallic oxide is
(1) MO (2) M2O5 (3) M2O3 (4) M2O
Sol. Answer (1)
In B, wt. of oxygen = 4.77 3.81 = 0.96 g
0.96
Equivalent of oxygen = 0.12
8
So, equivalent of metal = 0.12
3.81 381
Eq. wt. of metal = 31.8
0.12 12
By considering eq. wt. of metal in B
5.72 6.36
, where x is the equivalent weight of metal in A
x 8 39.8
x = 63.5
3. The equivalent weight of metal M in B is
(1) 118.9 (2) 65.4 (3) 63.5 (4) 31.8
Sol. Answer (4)
In B, wt. of oxygen = 4.77 3.81 = 0.96 g
0.96
Equivalent of oxygen = 0.12
8
So, equivalent of metal = 0.12
3.81 381
Eq. wt. of metal = 31.8
0.12 12
By considering eq. wt. of metal in B
5.72 6.36
, where x is the equivalent weight of metal in A
x 8 39.8
x = 63.5
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Solution of Assignment (Set-2) Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry 21
Comprehension-V
36 ml of a gaseous mixture consisting of a gaseous organic compound A and just sufficient amount of oxygen required
for complete combustion gives 16 ml of CO2, 24 ml water vapour and 8 ml of N2. The volumes are measured at same
temperature and pressure.
1. Volume of O2 required for complete combustion
(1) 8 ml (2) 28 ml (3) 74 ml (4) 22 ml
Sol. Answer (2)
2. The molecular formula of compound will be
(1) CH5N (2) C2H5N (3) C2H6N2 (4) C4H10N2
Sol. Answer (3)

SECTION - D
Assertion-Reason Type Questions
1. STATEMENT-1 : One mole of an ideal gas have volume of 22.4 litre at STP.
and
STATEMENT-2 : Under identical condition, equal weight of gases have same volume.
Sol. Answer (3)
Fact
2. STATEMENT-1 : H3PO4 is a tribasic acid.
and
STATEMENT-2 : In H3PO4, only two H-atoms are replaceable.
Sol. Answer (3)
H3PO4

H3PO4 is a tribasic acid and its 3 H atoms are replaceable.


3. STATEMENT-1 : 18 g of water vapour and 18 g of ice will not contain the same number of molecules.
and
STATEMENT-2 : Number of molecules are independent of temperature and pressure.
Sol. Answer (4)
Since molecular mass of H2O and ice are same, hence, 18 g H2O and 18 g ice will contain same number of
molecules.
4. STATEMENT-1 : Atomic mass of Mg is 24.
and
1 th
STATEMENT-2 : An atom of magnesium is 24 times heavier than of the mass of carbon atom (C12).
12
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22 Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry Solution of Assignment (Set-2)

Sol. Answer (1)


Atomic mass of Mg = 24
24
12Mg

mass of sin gle atom of element


atomic mass
1
mass of sin gle atom of element
12
1
From above relation we can say that an atom of Mg is 24 times heavier than of the mass of C12
12
5. STATEMENT-1 : Atomic weight of an atom can never be in fraction.
and
STATEMENT-2 : Average atomic weight of chlorine is 35.5.
Sol. Answer (4)
Average atomic weight may be in fraction while atomic wt. of an atom never be in fraction.
6. STATEMENT-1 : Law of conservation of mass is generally applicable to all the chemical reactions.
and
STATEMENT-2 : Law of constant composition is not valid for non stoichiometric compound like Fe0.93O.
Sol. Answer (2)
On chemical reaction, mass of reactants is equal to mass of products.
7. STATEMENT-1 : Solvent have always same physical state as that of solution.
and
STATEMENT-2 : Solution contains more than one solvent.
Sol. Answer (3)
In a solution, solvent is always one but solute may be more than one.
8. STATEMENT-1 : Molality is equal to molarity, if density of solution is one.
and
STATEMENT-2 : Molality does not depend on the temperature.
Sol. Answer (4)
If density is one then weight of solution is equal to volume of solution. To calculate molality, weight of solvent
is required. Which is independent from temperature.
9. STATEMENT-1 : On dilution, molarity of solution changes.
and
STATEMENT-2 : Number of moles of solute in a solution does not change on dilution.
Sol. Answer (2)
On dilution, molarity decreases while number of moles of solute does not change.
10. STATEMENT-1 : Equivalent weight of an acid is always less than its molecular weight.
and

Molecular weight
STATEMENT-2 : Equivalent weight of acid =
n-factor

Sol. Answer (4)


Equivalent weight of acid may be equal to molecular weight if basicity of acid is one.

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Solution of Assignment (Set-2) Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry 23
11. STATEMENT-1 : In any chemical reaction, total no. of molecules are conserved.
and
STATEMENT-2 : Atom can neither be created nor be destroyed.
Sol. Answer (4)
Number of molecule may change in a reaction.
12. STATEMENT-1 : During a chemical reaction, total mass remains constant.
and
STATEMENT-2 : Moles may vary in a reaction.
Sol. Answer (3)
Moles may vary in a reaction.
13. STATEMENT-1 : Compound having same general formula may have different empirical formula.
and
STATEMENT-2 : Compound having same empirical formula may have different general formula.
Sol. Answer (4)
Fact.
14. STATEMENT-1 : 18 ml of H2O and 18 ml of CO2 at 277 K have same no. of moles.
and
STATEMENT-2 : Density of H2O is more than CO2.
Sol. Answer (4)
H2O is liquid
15. STATEMENT-1 : In 32 g of O2, two gram atom of oxygen atom are present.
and
STATEMENT-2 : Molecular weight of O2 will be 32 g.
Sol. Answer (3)
Molecular wt. of O2 is 32 g mol1

SECTION - E
Matrix-Match Type Questions
1. Match the following
Column-I Column-II
(A) Number of carbon atoms in 1 g molecule of CO2 (p) 0.5 N0
(B) Number of molecules in 48 g O2 (q) N0
(C) No. of molecules in 11.2 L H2 at STP (r) 3 N0
(D) No. of hydrogen atoms in 1 Mole of NH3 (s) 1.5 N0
(N0 = Avogadros Number)
Sol. Answer A(q); B(s); C(p); D(r)
(A) No. of C-atoms in 1 g molecule of CO2 = N0
48
(B) No. of molecules in 48 g of O2 = N0 = 1.5 N
32 0

N0
(C) No. of molecules in 11.2 L H2 at STP = = 0.5 N0
2
(D) No. of H-atoms in 1 mole of NH3 = 3 N0 = 3N0

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24 Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry Solution of Assignment (Set-2)

2. Match the following


Column I Column II

(A) 2H2 O 2 2 H2O (p) 25.5 g product


3g 22.66 g

(B) N2 3H2
2 NH3 (q) 0.25 g of a reactant is left
24.5 g 5.5 g

(C) H2 Cl2
2 HCl (r) H2 is the limiting reagent
1.4 g 40g

(D) C 2H2 CH4 (s) 41.12 g product


20 g 6.375 g

Sol. Answer A(p); B(q); C(s); D(r)


3. Match the following
Column I Column II (% by mass of oxygen)
(A) Na2S2O3 (p) 30%
(B) KMnO4 (q) 39%
(C) Na3PO4 (r) 57%
(D) MgCO3 (s) 40.5%
Sol. Answer A(p), B(s), C(q), D(r))
4. Match the following
Column I Column II
(A) 1 g molecule of chlorine gas (p) 14 L at STP
(B) 1 g equivalent of Br2 gas (q) 22.4 L at STP
(C) 32 g of CH4 (g) (r) 80 g
(D) 40 g SO2 (g) (s) 44.8 L at STP
Sol. Answer A(q), B(r), C(s), D(p)

SECTION - F
Integer Answer Type Questions
1. Number of hydrogen atoms in 36 ml of H2O at 277 K are x NA. x is _______.
Sol. Answer (4)
36 ml H2O = 36 g H2O = 2 mole
1 mole H2O contains 2 NA H atoms
2 mole H2O contains 4 NA H atoms
2. 5.6 litre of the gas have 1 g weight at STP. Then atomic weight of the gas is _______.
Sol. Answer (4)
5.6 1
No. of moles of gas
22.4 4
Weight
No. of moles
Molecular weight
1 1
Mol. wt. = 4
4 Mol. wt.
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Solution of Assignment (Set-2) Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry 25
3. How much amount of CaCO3 in gram having percentage purity 50 per cent produces 0.56 litre of CO2 at STP
on heating?
Sol. Answer (5)

CaCO3 CaO CO2

5.6 1
To produce 0.56 litre or mole
22.4 10 40

1 5
Amount of CaCO3 required = 100 g
40 2

Percentage purity is = 50%


So, amount required = 5 g
4. Number of lone pairs in 18 ml H2O at 273 K is xNA. Then value of x will be
Sol. Answer (2)
No. of moles = 1
No. of molecules = NA
No. of lone pair = 2 NA

M1 M2
5. Equivalent weight of Potash alum is and equivalent weight of gypsum is . Then x y will be
x y
Sol. Answer (6)

M
Eq.wt of Potash alum =
8

M
Eq.wt of Gypsum =
2

6. An Oleum is labelled as 105%. Then 100 g of this Oleum will react with y gram of water. What will be value of y?
Sol. Answer (5)

Oleum water H2 SO4


100 g 5g 105 g

7. The given compounds follow law of multiple proportion : N2O4 and NxO5. The value of x may be
Sol. Answer (2)
N2O4 and NXO5 show law of multiple proportion therefore x can be only 2.
8. A student performs a titration with different burettes and finds titre values of 25.2 mL, 25.25 mL, and 25.0 mL.
The number of significant figures in the average titre value is [IIT-JEE 2010]
Sol. Answer (3)

25.2 25.25 25
Average titre value =
3

= 25.15
Significant figure is 3.

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26 Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry Solution of Assignment (Set-2)

9. Silver (atomic weight = 108 g mol1) has a density of 10.5 g cm3. The number of silver atoms on a surface of
area 1012 m2 can be expressed in scientific notation as y 10x. The value of x is [IIT-JEE 2010]
Sol. Answer (7)
4 3
Volume of 1 Ag atom = r
3
4 3 108
r cm3
3 6.023 1023 10.5
r = 1.6 108 cm
r = 1.6 1010 m
Number of Ag atoms in 1012 m2
r2 n = 1012 m2

10 12
n
3.14 (1.6 10 10 )2

10 107
n
8
n = 1.25 107
The value of x = 7
10. 29.2% (w/w) HCl stock solution has a density of 1.25 g mL1. The molecular weight of HCl is 36.5 g mol1. The
volume (mL) of stock solution required to prepare a 200 mL solution of 0.4 M HCl is [IIT-JEE 2012]
Sol. Answer (8)
1.25 29.2 1000
Molarity of HCl = 10(M)
100 1 36.5
V 10 = 200 0.4
V = 8 mL
11. If the value of Avogadro number is 6.023 10 23 mol 1 and the value of Boltzmann constant is
1.380 1023 JK1, then the number of significant digits in the calculated value of the universal gas constant
is [JEE(Advanced)2014]
Sol. Answer (4)
6.023 1023 1.380 1023 = 8.312
It has four significant figure.
12. A compound H2X with molar weight of 80 g is dissolved in a solvent having density of 0.4 g ml1. Assuming
no change in volume upon dissolution, the molality of a 3.2 molar solution is [JEE(Advanced)2014]
Sol. Answer (8)
w 2 1000
m
m2 w 1
1 mL solvent having mass 0.4 g.
1000 mL solvent having mass 400 g
1000 mL solution contain 3.2 80 g solute = 256 g
256 1000
m 8
80 400
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Solution of Assignment (Set-2) Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry 27

SECTION - G
Multiple True-False Type Questions
1. STATEMENT-1 : Solution is the example of homogeneous mixture.
STATEMENT-2 : Homogeneous mixture have uniform composition.
STATEMENT-3 : A solution may contain more than one solute.
(1) T T T (2) FTT (3) TTF (4) FFT
Sol. Answer (1)
Solution is an example of homogeneous mixture. In a solution, solute may be more than one.
2. STATEMENT-1 : Equal weight of 14CO and NO2 have same number of molecule.
2
STATEMENT-2 : 14CO and NO2 have same molecular weight.
2
STATEMENT-3 : Equal volume of CO2 and NO2 have same weight.
(1) T F F (2) TTF (3) FTT (4) FFT
Sol. Answer (2)
Molecular weight of 14CO and NO2 is same.
2

M
3. STATEMENT-1 : Equivalent weight of Mohr salt is where M-molecular weight.
4
STATEMENT-2 : Mohr salt contains only one metallic cation i.e., Fe2+.
Molecular weight
STATEMENT-3 : Equivalent weight of a salt = Total positive charge .

(1) T T T (2) FTF (3) TFT (4) FFT


Sol. Answer (1)
Chemical formula of Mohr salt is FeSO4 .(NH4 )2 SO4 .6H2O (n-factor = 4)
M
Equivalent wt. =
4
4. STATEMENT-1 : Equivalent weight of a substance can never be greater than its molecular weight.
M
STATEMENT-2 : Equivalent weight of boric acid is where M is the molecular weight.
1
M
STATEMENT-3 : Equivalent weight of H3PO2 is .
3
(1) F T F (2) TFT (3) FTT (4) TFF
Sol. Answer (1)
5. STATEMENT-1 : Law of conservation of mass is valid in nuclear reaction.
STATEMENT-2 : On dilution, normality of the solution changes.
STATEMENT-3 : Molarity of the solution does not depend on amount of solution.
(1) T T T (2) FTT (3) FFT (4) TFF
Sol. Answer (2)
6. STATEMENT-1 : Molarity is temperature independent.
STATEMENT-2 : Formality is other name of molarity in case of ionic compounds.
STATEMENT-3 : % w/w of a solution is temperature dependent.
(1) T T F (2) FTF (3) TTT (4) FFT
Sol. Answer (2)

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28 Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry Solution of Assignment (Set-2)

SECTION - H
Aakash Challengers Questions
1. A gaseous mixture contains 1 mole each of CH4 and C2H6 . Then the average molecular wt. of that gaseous
mixture is
(1) 20 (2) 23 (3) 35 (4) 15
Sol. Answer (2)

CH4 + 4Cl2 CCl4 + 4HCl (i)

C2H6 + 6Cl2 C2Cl6 + 6HCl (ii)


Mole of Cl2 consumed = 5 mole
From equation (i) and (ii)
Percentage composition = 50%
Average molecular weight = 23
2. 4.6 g Na is dissolved in 1 litre of water. Then how much H2 gas will be evolved?
(1) 2.24 L (2) 1.12 L (3) 4.48 L (4) 11.2 L
Sol. Answer (1)

2Na + 2H2O 2NaOH + H2


3. A metal carbonate (0.5 kg) gives 0.28 kg of its oxide on heating. Hence, the equivalent weight of metal is
(1) 20 g eq1 (2) 40 g eq1 (3) 25 g eq1 (4) 30 g eq1
Sol. Answer (1)
MCO3 MO CO2

500 280
; E 20 g eq1
E 30 E 8
4. One mole of KClO3 is heated in presence of MnO2. The produced oxygen is used in burning of Al. Then
oxide of Al that will be formed
(1) 2 moles (2) 1 mole (3) 4 moles (4) 3 moles
Sol. Answer (2)

3
KClO3 KCl + O2
2
3
2Al + O2 Al2O3
2
5. 24 g C is burnt in presence of air gas produced form 1M dibasic acid when passed through 1L water, then
correct statement is
(1) 12 g C react to form CO2 (2) 8 g C react to form CO
(3) 16 g C react to form CO (4) 9 g C react to form CO2
Sol. Answer (1)

C + O2 CO2

2C + O2 2CO

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Solution of Assignment (Set-2) Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry 29
6. When a gaseous olefinic hydrocarbon is burnt completely in excess of O2, a contraction in volume equal to
double to the volume of hydrocarbon is noticed then hydrocarbon will be
(1) C2H2 (2) C2H4 (3) C2H6 (4) C3H8
Sol. Answer (2)
3x
CxH2x O2 xCO2 xH2O
2
3xV
Contraction in volume V xV
2
7. Choose the incorrect match regarding equivalent wt.
Acid Equivalent wt.
(1) H3PO2 M

M
(2) H3PO4
3

M
(3) H3BO3
3

M
(4) H2SO4
2

Sol. Answer (3)


H3BO3 is mono basic.
8. An element A reacts with compound BO3 to produce A3O4 and B2O3. The no. of moles of A3O4 produced if
one mole each of A and BO3 is reacted, is
1 2
(1) 3 (2) (3) (4) 1
3 3
Sol. Answer (2)

6A 4BO3 2A 3 O4 2B2O3
9. Metal chloride contains 71% chlorine. Then calculate equivalent weight of that metal bromide (at. wt. Br = 80)
(1) 14.5 (2) 85 (3) 94.5 (4) 100
Sol. Answer (3)
Eq. wt. of metal = 14.5
Eq. wt. of metal Bromide = 80 + 14.5 = 94.5
10. Which of the following has highest number of neutrons?
(1) 44 g of CO2 (2) 28 g 56
26Fe (3) 80 g H2 (4) 100 g He
Sol. Answer (4)
No. of neutron = 25 NA 2 = 50 NA.
11. Which of the following has largest wt.?
(1) 1 mole of e (2) 1 mole of n (3) 1 mole p (4) 1 mole of particle
Sol. Answer (4)
-particle is helium nucleus

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30 Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry Solution of Assignment (Set-2)

12. A compound contains elements X and Y in 1 : 4 mass ratio. If the atomic masses of X and Y are in ratio
1 : 2, then empirical formula will be
(1) XY (2) XY2 (3) X2Y (4) X4Y
Sol. Answer (2)
X Y
Mass ratio 1 : 4
Wt. ratio: 1 : 2
ratio = X : Y2
13. In which of the following reactions, law of mass conservation is not valid?

1
(1) 4Be
9 + 2He4 6C12 + 0n (2) C + O2 CO2

(3) CH4 + 2O2 CO2 + 2H2O (4) NaOH + HCl NaCl + H2O
Sol. Answer (1)
This reaction is an example of nuclear reaction.
14. Molarity of pure D2O will be (assume density of D2O is 1 g/ml)
(1) 55.56 (2) 1 (3) 50 (4) 10
Sol. Answer (3)
1000
Molarity = 50
20
15. A gaseous mixture contains 40% O2, 40% N2, 10% CO2, 10% CH4 by volume. Calculate the vapour density
of the gaseous mixture.
40 32 40 28 10 44 10 16
Sol. Mw
100
1280 1120 440 160
=
100
3000
= 30
100
Mw 30
Vapor density = 15
2 2
16. 11.2 litre of a hydrocarbon at STP produces 44.8 litre of CO2 at STP and 36 gm of H2O during its combustion.
Calculate the molecular formula of hydrocarbon.

m
Sol. CnHm + O2 nCO2 + HO
2 2
11.2 n 11.2 m 11.2
mole mole
22.4 22.4 2 22.4

n 44.8
= n=4
2 22.4

m 1
2 m=8
2 2
So given hydrocarbon is C4H8

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Solution of Assignment (Set-2) Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry 31
1
17. 10 g impure NaOH is completely neutralised by 1000 ml of N HCl. Calculate the percentage purity of the
10
impure NaOH.
Sol. Eq. of NaOH = eq. of HCl

W 1

40 10

W = 4 gram
4
% purity = 100 40%
10
18. Calculate the total number of atoms in 2 litre gaseous mixture of CH4 and SO2 at STP which have vapour
density 26.
Sol. Average molecular weight = 52
Percentage of SO2 = 75%
Percentage of CH4 = 25%

NA
No. of atom = 1.5 3 0.5 4
22.4

NA 6.5
= 6.5 N
22.4 22.4 A

19. P and Q are two elements which form P2Q3 and PQ2. If 0.15 mole of P2Q3 weighs 15.9 g and 0.15 mole of
PQ2 weighs 9.3 g, then, what are atomic weights of P and Q?
Sol. Let atomic weight of P = a
Atomic weight of Q = b
P2Q3
0.15 (2a +3b) = 15.9
2a + 3b = 106 (i)
PQ2
0.15 (a + 2b) = 9.3
a + 2b = 62 (ii)
(ii) 2 (i)
2a 4b 124
2a 3b 106

b 18
a + 2 18 = 62
a = 62 36
a = 26
Atomic weight of P = 26
Atomic weight of Q = 18

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32 Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry Solution of Assignment (Set-2)

20. How many sulphur atom will be present in 2 litre of centi normal aq. solution of H2SO4?
Sol. Answer 102 NA
21. Calculate the equivalent weight of following assuming molecular weight M
(i) H3BO3 (ii) H3PO2
(iii) FeSO4 . (NH4)2SO4 . 6H2O (iv) K2SO4 Cr2(SO4)3 . 24H2O
(v) Al2O3 (vi) HNO3
(vii) MgCO3 (viii) CaSO4
Sol. Answer

M M
(i) M (ii) M (iii) (iv)
4 8
M M M
(v) (vi) M (vii) (viii)
6 2 2
22. Calculate the molality of aq. glucose solution in which mole fraction of glucose is 0.05.
0.05 1000
Sol. m = 2.92
0.95 18
23. 18.4 gram mixture of MgCO3 and CaCO3 produce 4.48 litre of CO2 at STP. Then calculate the amount of MgCO3
and CaCO3 in mixture.
Sol. Weight of CaCO3 = 10 g
Weight of MgCO3 = 8.4 g
24. 31.3 gram mixture NaBr and NaCl treated with H2SO4, 28.4 gram of Na2SO4 is produced. Then calculate the
amount of NaCl and NaBr in the mixture.
Sol. Weight of NaCl = 13.01 g
Weight of NaBr = 18.28 g

  

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