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HVAC ENGINEERING BOOK (IP edition)

Module "AIRFLOW"

Project name Colegios del Cesar - Colegio principal

Location Codazzi

No warranty, either expressed or implied, is given with respect to accuracy or sufficiency of the
information provided hereby, and the user must assume all risks and responsibility in connection
with the use thereof.

Copyright The Academy of HVAC Engineering Ltd., 2006-2012. All rights reserved
HVAC Engineering Book

SPACE AIR DIFFUSION

Reference airflow rate per outlet, ft3/min 275

Outlet Space Jet


height airflow Number vertical Cooling Cooling
above rate, of Space Jet horizontal projection, Characteristi load, load Btu/h
Space Type of outlet floor, ft ft3/min outlets area, ft2 projection, ft ft c length L, ft Btu/h per ft2
0 Manual entry -6 Manual entry 0
0 Manual entry -6 Manual entry 0
0 Manual entry -6 Manual entry 0
0 Manual entry -6 Manual entry 0
0 Manual entry -6 Manual entry 0
0 Manual entry -6 Manual entry 0
0 Manual entry -6 Manual entry 0
0 Manual entry -6 Manual entry 0
0 Manual entry -6 Manual entry 0
0 Manual entry -6 Manual entry 0
0 Manual entry -6 Manual entry 0
0 Manual entry -6 Manual entry 0
0 Manual entry -6 Manual entry 0
Throw-to- Required
Characteristic throw at
Length ratio 50ft/min , ft
Manual entry ?
Manual entry ?
Manual entry ?
Manual entry ?
Manual entry ?
Manual entry ?
Manual entry ?
Manual entry ?
Manual entry ?
Manual entry ?
Manual entry ?
Manual entry ?
Manual entry ?
HVAC Engineering Book
DUCT SIZING
ASHRAE Fundamentals, 2005

Branch name PD, inch Branch name PD, inch


Air temperature, Fo
70 Supply ductwork 0.01
Viscosity, ft2/s 0.0001643 Return ductwork 1.10
Density, lb/ft3 0.0749

Duct Duct width Other Total


Duct diameter (0 if Friction loss Sum of source Hydraulic Dynamic Friction Fitting pressure
Flow rate, length or height, round), Velocity rate, in. loss Other pressure loss losses, Roughness, diameter, Criterion of Friction pressure, losses, in. losses, loss, in.
Section ID ft3/min , ft Duct material inch inch V, f/min w.c./100ft Fitting list factors sources in. w.c. ft inch Reynolds factor in. w.c. w.c. in. w.c. w.c.

1 36,000 1 Galvanized steel 86.0 21.0 2,870 0.25 0.00030 33.76 819,142 0.0138 0.51 0.00 0.00 0.00
2 1 1 Galvanized steel 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00030 1.00 1,217 0.0526 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
3 1 1 Galvanized steel 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00030 1.00 1,217 0.0526 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
4 1 1 Galvanized steel 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00030 1.00 1,217 0.0526 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
5 1 1 Galvanized steel 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00030 1.00 1,217 0.0526 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
6 1 1 Galvanized steel 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00030 1.00 1,217 0.0526 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
7 1 1 Galvanized steel 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00030 1.00 1,217 0.0526 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
8 1 1 Galvanized steel 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00030 1.00 1,217 0.0526 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
9 1 1 Galvanized steel 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00030 1.00 1,217 0.0526 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
10 1 1 Galvanized steel 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00030 1.00 1,217 0.0526 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
11 1 1 Galvanized steel 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00030 1.00 1,217 0.0526 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
12 1 1 Galvanized steel 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00030 1.00 1,217 0.0526 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
13 1 1 Galvanized steel 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00030 1.00 1,217 0.0526 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
14 1 1 Galvanized steel 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00030 1.00 1,217 0.0526 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
15 1 1 Galvanized steel 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00030 1.00 1,217 0.0526 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
16 1 1 Galvanized steel 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00030 1.00 1,217 0.0526 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
17 1 1 Galvanized steel 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00030 1.00 1,217 0.0526 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
18 1 1 Galvanized steel 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00030 1.00 1,217 0.0526 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
19 1 1 Galvanized steel 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00030 1.00 1,217 0.0526 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
20 1 1 Galvanized steel 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00030 1.00 1,217 0.0526 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
21 1 1 Galvanized steel 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00030 1.00 1,217 0.0526 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
22 1 1 Galvanized steel 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00030 1.00 1,217 0.0526 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
23 1 1 Galvanized steel 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00030 1.00 1,217 0.0526 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
24 1 1 Galvanized steel 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00030 1.00 1,217 0.0526 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
25 1 1 Galvanized steel 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00030 1.00 1,217 0.0526 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
26 1 1 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.01000 1.00 1,217 0.0526 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Project: Colegios del Cesar - Colegio principal

DUCT SIZING

Diameter Friction
Airflow rate, or height, Velocity, rate, in Friction, Fitting, Equipment,
Section name ft3/min in Width, in ft/min w.c./100ft in w.c. in. w.c. in w.c.
1 36,000 86.0 21.0 2,870 0.25 0.00 0.00 0.00
2 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
3 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
4 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
5 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
6 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
7 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
8 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
9 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
10 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
11 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
12 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
13 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
14 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
15 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
16 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
17 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
18 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
19 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
20 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
21 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
22 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
23 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
24 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
25 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
26 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
27 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
28 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
29 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
30 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
31 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
32 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
33 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
34 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
35 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
36 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
37 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00

Page 5 HVAC Engineering Book(c)


Diameter Friction
Airflow rate, or height, Velocity, rate, in Friction, Fitting, Equipment,
Section name ft3/min in Width, in ft/min w.c./100ft in w.c. in. w.c. in w.c.
38 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
39 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
40 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
41 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
42 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
43 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
44 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
45 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
46 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
47 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
48 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
49 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
50 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
51 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
52 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
53 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
54 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
55 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
56 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
57 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
58 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
59 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
60 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
61 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
62 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
63 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
64 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
65 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
66 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
67 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
68 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
69 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
70 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
71 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
72 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
73 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
74 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
75 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00
76 1 1.0 1.0 144 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00

Page 6 HVAC Engineering Book(c)


DIFFUSER SIZING

Airflow
rate per Neck Static
Airflow rate, Number of outlet, Outlet Outlet face diameter, pressure,
Section name ft3/min outlets ft3/min model size, in x in inches in w.c.
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00
0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00

Page 7 HVAC Engineering Book(c)


Total, in
w.c.
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Page 8 HVAC Engineering Book(c)


Total, in
w.c.
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Page 9 HVAC Engineering Book(c)


HVAC Engineering Book

REFERENCE TABLES

Table 4. Chapter 33. Air Diffusion Performance Index (ADPI), ASHRAE Fundamentals 2005
Terminal device Room load, Btu/h/ft2 T50/L for Max ADPI
1 High sidewall grilles 80 1.8
2 60 1.8
3 40 1.6
4 20 1.5
5 Circular ceiling diffusers 80 0.8
6 60 0.8
7 40 0.8
8 20 0.8
9 Sill grille, straight vanes 80 1.7
10 60 1.7
11 40 1.3
12 20 0.9
13 Sill grille, spread vanes 80 0.7
14 60 0.7
15 40 0.7
16 20 0.7
17 Ceiling slot diffusers 80 0.3
18 (for T100/L) 60 0.3
19 40 0.3
20 20 0.3
21 Light troffer diffusers 60 2.5
22 40 1.0
23 20 1.0
24 Perforated louvered 50 2.0
25 ceiling diffusers 11 2.0

Table 1, Chapter 35. Duct Roughness Factors, ASHRAE Fundamentals, 2005


Conduit material Absolute roughness, ft
Uncoated carbon steel 0.000100
PVC 0.000100
Galvanized steel 0.000300
Duct liner with facing material 0.003000
Duct liner sprayed 0.010000
Flex duct metallic 0.010000
Copper 0.000005