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Volume 2016, Article ID 6086497, 10 pages

http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6086497

Research Article

Carrier-Based PWM Method to Reduce Common-Mode

Voltage of Three-to-Five-Phase Indirect Matrix Converter

Rutian Wang,1 Xingjun Mu,1 Zhiqiang Wu,2 Lihui Zhu,1 Qiufeng Chen,3 and Xue Wang1

1

School of Electrical Engineering, Northeast Dianli University, Jilin 132012, China

2

State Grid Jilin Electric Power Supply Company, Changchun 130000, China

3

State Grid Jilin Electric Power Supply Company, Jilin 132000, China

Copyright 2016 Rutian Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License,

which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

In order to reduce the common-mode voltage (CMV) for three-to-five-phase indirect matrix converter (IMC), the CMV with the

conventional modulation strategy is analyzed. A novel carrier-based PWM (CBPWM) method is proposed in this paper. The zero

vectors in the inverter stage are assigned to the rectifier stage, equivalently, which are not considered in the inverter stage. The zero

vectors are selected appropriately to ensure that the dc-link is connected to an input phase with the minimum absolute value, so that

the larger CMV can be avoided. Then, the modulation signals are derived by the duty ratios, which are used to compare with the only

one carrier signal and generate the gate pulses of switches. With the proposed method, the CMV is reduced effectively compared

with the conventional modulation strategy. This method is analyzed and researched with a simulation model established by Matlab/

Simulink. Simulation results are provided in detail to verify the feasibility and validity of the proposed method.

switching losses in the rectifier stage and less total number of

With the rapid development of the power electronic con- power switches [11].

verter, the drive system gradually gets rid of the bound of However, the CMV between the motor neutral point

the phase number. Multiphase drive system has received and the ground is caused inevitably when the SVPWM

more and more attention [15], so that the multiphase matrix strategy is applied to MC. Due to the switches operating at

converter (MC) has been widely studied [611]. The three-to- high switching frequencies, the CMV, with a high value of

five-phase direct matrix converter (DMC) was proposed in /, will produce a strong impact action on the motor

[7], and there are fifteen bidirectional switches connected in drive system. Meanwhile, it will excite stray capacitance and

series; each output phase can connect with each input phase. parasitic coupling capacitance to generate high-frequency

However, this topology requires many power switches, mul- leakage current. This leakage current will produce a strong

tistep commutation, and complicated overvoltage protection electromagnetic interference (EMI) [1315]. Meanwhile, the

circuits [12]. To avoid the above problems, a three-to-five- CMV may cause shaft voltage between the shaft and the

phase indirect matrix converter (IMC) topology, illustrated bearing seat through the distributed capacitance existing in

in Figure 1, has been researched to implement the AC-AC the gap between stator, rotor, air, and ground, so that the

power converter. The benefits of three-to-five-phase IMC are normal operation of motor devices will be affected. Therefore,

similar to those of a three-to-five-phase DMC, such as no it is particularly important to reduce the negative effects of

required large energy storage components, compact struc- CMV.

ture, bidirectional energy flow, unrestricted output frequency, At present, the research on control strategy to reduce

a controllable input power factor, and a maximum voltage CMV of the three-to-three-phase MC is relatively mature [14,

transfer ratio (VTR) of 0.7886 [7]. Moreover, it has additional 1619], which is based on the mechanism of CMV. According

2 Mathematical Problems in Engineering

p ipn

iA

ia

Five-phase load

ua uA iB

Lf uB iC

ib upn

ub

uC iD

ic uD

uc iE

uE

Cf

San Sbn Scn SAn SBn SCn SDn SEn

Input filter

n

Rectifier stage Inverter stage

to the amplitude-frequency characteristic of CMV, the low- ( {a, b, c}; {p, n}), and those of the inverter stage

pass filter with much smaller cut-off frequency than the are denoted by using ( {A, B, C, D, E}).

switching frequency is applied in [16], so that the CMV is

reduced. The high value of / is suppressed in [17] by 2.2. The Basic Principle of Conventional Modulation Strategy.

improving the topology of matrix converter, and the output For the rectifier stage, suppose the three input voltages are

voltage is not mutation. Instead of zero vectors, a pair of described by

opposing active vectors is chosen in [18] to reduce CMV. The

two smaller line voltages are selected in [14] to synthesize a = im cos (i )

the dc-link voltage. The CMV and switching losses of IMC 2

are both reduced, but the maximum VTR is limited to 0.5. b = im cos (i ) (1)

Using three active vectors to synthesize the desired output 3

voltage vector is proposed in [19]. Although the CMV of IMC 2

c = im cos (i + ),

is reduced, the maximum VTR is only 0.577. 3

However, the research on CMV of the multiphase MC

is relatively few. The zero vectors in the inverter stage are where im and i are the amplitude and angular frequency

reselected based on SVPWM strategy in [20]. But it requires of the input phase voltage, respectively. One period of input

a complex sector combination and lookup tables. phase voltages is divided into twelve segments, as shown in

In view of the above problems, a carrier-based PWM Figure 2.

(CBPWM) method is proposed in this paper to reduce the In each segment, to obtain the maximum dc-link voltage

CMV of three-to-five-phase IMC. This method focuses on the pn , only two larger and positive line voltages are selected to

reasonable distribution of the zero vectors in both stages, so synthesize pn [21]. Taking the input voltages in segment 1

that the value of CMV is reduced. And the switching losses of as an example, then, the voltages ab and ac are selected, as

the inverter stage are decreased. shown in Figure 2(b). Thus, the average value of the dc-link

voltage pn can be expressed as

2. Topology and Modulation Principles of pn = ab + ac , (2)

Three-to-Five-Phase IMC

where and are duty ratios of voltages ab and ac ,

2.1. Topology of Three-to-Five-Phase IMC. The topology of respectively, and satisfy the following constraints:

three-to-five-phase IMC is shown in Figure 1. It consists of

a rectifier stage with six bidirectional switches and a five- + = 1 0 1 0 1. (3)

leg inverter stage with ten unidirectional switches. a , b ,

and c and a , b , and c are three-phase input voltages and The local-averaged input currents are expressed as

input currents, respectively; A , B , C , D , and E and A ,

B , C , D , and E are five-phase output voltages and currents a +

respectively. pn and pn are the dc-link voltage and current, [ ] [ ]

[ b] = [ ]

[ ] pn , (4)

respectively. f and f are inductor and capacitor of input

filter. The switches of the rectifier stage are denoted by using [c ] [ ]

Mathematical Problems in Engineering 3

u ua ub uc

u uac ubc uba uca ucb uab

0 i t i t

0

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

(a) Input three-phase voltages (b) Input three line voltages

U12 U28

01100 III 11100

U14 IV

U30 U8 II U24

11110 01000

01110 U4 U20 11000

U

01101 U13 10100 29

00100 U10 11101 I UL

V U26

01010 11010

U6 U15 U22 U9 U16 U25

00110 01111 10110 01001 10000 11001 UM

00101 U21 10101

U5

VI 00010

01011 U18 10010 11011 X Uref

U2 U11 U27

00111 10001

10111 U1 0000 U17

U7 U23 1 IX

VII

U0a v

00011 VIII

U3 U19 10011 U0b UM UL

(a) Distribution of output voltage space vector (b) Generation of output reference voltage

where pn is the local-averaged dc-link current of pn . Com- According to the above analysis, the switching states in

bining (2), (3), and (4) with the condition of unit input power each segment and the corresponding duty ratios are shown

factor, the duty ratios are obtained by in Table 1.

For the five-leg inverter stage, assume the expected output

= = b voltages are described by

s a

(5)

A = om cos (o )

= = c,

s a 2

B = om cos (o )

where s is the sampling period. and are action times 5

of voltages ab and ac . 4

Combining (2) and (5), the average value of the dc-link C = om cos (o ) (8)

5

voltage is

6

2

3im D = om cos (o )

pn = . (6) 5

2a

8

Thus, pn varies in each input segment. The respective E = om cos (o ),

5

minimum and maximum values of the average dc-link

voltage are where om and o are the amplitude and angular frequency

of the output phase voltage, respectively.

pn min = 1.5im

The distribution of output voltage space vector is shown

(7) in Figure 3(a), which includes thirty active vectors and two

pn max = 3im . zero vectors (U0 (00000) and U31 (11111), not shown in

4 Mathematical Problems in Engineering

Table 1: The switching state and corresponding duty ratio in each Suppose the output voltage is in sector I (v = o , 0

segment. v /5), from (11), the sum of the duty ratios of the active

vectors must be satisfied

Segment ON Modulated switches and duty ratios

switch + + + 1. (12)

1, 12 ap bn b /a cn c /a

From (11) and (12), the following inequality can be

2, 3 cn bp b /c ap a /c

obtained:

4, 5 bp an a /b cn c /b

6, 7 an cp c /a bp b /a 2 sin (2/5) om cos (o /10)

1. (13)

8, 9 cp bn b /c an a /c pn

10, 11 bn ap a /b cp c /b

On the left of (13), when the numerator takes the maxi-

mum value and the denominator takes the minimum value,

(13) should also be established. That is,

Figure 3(a)). Each vector is represented by the set (A , B , C ,

D , and E ), where ( = A, B, C, D, E) is defined as 2 sin (2/5) om

1. (14)

pn min

{1, the upper switch of leg is ON state

= { (9) From (7) and (14), the voltage transfer ratio (VTR) of the

0, the lower switch of leg is ON state.

{ three-to-five-phase IMC is calculated as

VTR = 0.7886. (15)

be used to synthesize the reference output voltage vector. im

However, in order to obtain the maximum output reference

voltage, only two adjacent maximum vectors U and U , To obtain the sinusoidal input and output waveforms, the

and two medium vectors U and U, and zero vector U0 switching pattern should produce an effective combination of

are selected [22], as shown in Figure 3(b). the rectifier and inverter switching states. The input voltages

The reference output voltage vector Uref can be described in segment 1 and output voltages in sector I are taken as

by an example; the duty ratios of switching states within one

sampling period are obtained by (5) and (11):

Uref = U + U + U + U = ;

(10)

+ 0 U0 , =

where = ;

1 inv =

= = sin ( v )

s sin (4/5) + 5

0v = 0v

(16)

= = = ;

s

=

1 inv

= = sin (v ) (11)

s sin (4/5) + = ;

=

= =

s

0v = 0v .

0v

0v = = 1 ( + + + ) ,

s According to Figure 3(b), for the first half of the switching

period, the vectors of the five-leg inverter stage are switched

where inv is the modulation index of the five-leg inverter by U0a U U U U U0b , and in

stage, inv = om /pn . v is the angle between the vector reverse for the second half for the symmetrical scheme. The

Uref and the vector U . = 0.4. = 0.8 cos(/5). , , switching sequence of the two stages is shown in Figure 4.

, and and , , , and are action times The selection principle of zero vectors, U0a and U0b , is to

and duty ratios of corresponding vector. is the ratio of the ensure the least switching number in each sampling period.

medium and maximum vector in the same direction. In order U0a , U0b {U0 , U31 }. According to (16), the action time of

to ensure the output voltage is sinusoidal waveform, the value each switching state is 01 = 0.250v s , 1 = 0.5s ,

of should be equal to 1/(2 cos(/5)). 2 = 0.5 s , 3 = 0.5 s , 4 = 0.5s , 02 =

Mathematical Problems in Engineering 5

Motor

ua A

a iA

ub B

iB

Sap b C

O

uc iC N

Rectifier

c D

iD

Sbn E

iE

Scn

ZNO uNO

SAp

iNO

SBp

Figure 5: Generation of CMV and leakage current.

Inverter

SCp

SDp

are represented by the dashed line in Figure 5. Then, the

SEp equations can be obtained by KVL:

t01 t1 t2 t3 t4 t02 t5 t6 t7 t8 t03 t8 t7 t6 t5 t02 t4 t3 t2 t1 t01

AO NO = A + A /

Ts

BO NO = B + B /

Figure 4: The switching sequence of conventional modulation

strategy. CO NO = C + C / (17)

DO NO = D + D /

0.250v s , 5 = 0.5s , 6 = 0.5 s , 7 = 0.5 s , EO NO = E + E /,

8 = 0.5s , and 03 = 0.50v s . From Figure 4, the zero

dc-link current commutation is achieved in the rectifier stage where AO , BO , CO , DO , and EO are voltages between

[21]. output phases and the ground. and are the equivalent

resistance and inductance of the AC motor. Under the

2.3. Sector Transition Problem. The principle of the transition condition of sinusoidal and symmetrical output waveforms,

from one segment to the other adjacent segment is to ensure the sum of output currents is equal to zero A +B +C +D +E =

the least switching number. 0. From (17), The CMV NO can be expressed as

In the rectifier stage, The states of six switches in rectifier

stage are represented by the set (ap , an , bp , bn , cp , and AO + BO + CO + DO + EO

cn ), and = 1 denotes that the switch is ON state, NO = . (18)

5

and = 0 denotes that the switch is OFF state, where

{a, b, c}; {p, n}. The switching sequence in segment According to the above analysis, it can be seen that the

1 is ab (100100) ac (100001) ab (100100). In case of CMV is generated inevitably between the motor neutral point

transit to segment 2, the switching sequence is ac (100001) and the ground, when the motor is driven by five-phase

bc (001001) ac (100001). So, during the transition, the converter. Different peak value of CMV is generated due to

switch switches only once. From Figure 2(b), in case of transit the different switching combinations, when the conventional

from segment 2 to segment 3, the switch state remains modulation strategies in [11, 22] are applied. According to

unchanged. It is similar in other segments. the basic principle of the conventional modulation strategy,

In the inverter stage, the switching sequence in sector taking the input voltage in segment 1 and the reference

I is U31 (11111) U29 (11101) U25 (11001) output voltage vector in sector I as an example, when the dc-

U24 (11000) U16 (10000) U0 (00000) U16 (10000) link voltage is ab and the vector U25 (11001) is used in the

U24 (11000) U25 (11001) U29 (11101) U31 (11111). In five-leg inverter stage, the output phases A, B, and E

case of the transit to the sector II, the switching sequence is are connected to p pole of dc-side (input phase a); C

U31 (11111) U29 (11101) U28 (11100) U24 (11000) and D are connected to n pole of dc-side (input phase

U8 (01000) U0 (00000) U8 (01000) U24 (11000) b). Combining (18), The CMV generated at this time is

U28 (11100) U29 (11101) U31 (11111). The switching calculated by NO = (3a + 2b )/5, the value range of which

sequence in other sectors is similar to that described above. is [3im /10, 33im /10]. Thus, the peak value of CMV is

33/10 times of the amplitude of input phase voltage. Other

3. CMV Analysis in Three-to-Five-Phase IMC cases are similar to the above. The distribution of CMV at

each switching combination is shown in Table 2. Similarly, the

The principle of CMV when a five-phase AC motor is driven same method can be used to analyze the CMV of other sector

by the three-to-five-phase IMC is shown in Figure 5. NO combinations.

is the leakage impedance between the load neutral point From Table 2, the peak value of CMV is the amplitude of

and the ground. The paths of CMV and leakage current input phase voltage when the zero vector U31 is used in the

6 Mathematical Problems in Engineering

dc Vector NO Ranges Peak value of NO

U0 (00000) b [3im /2, 0] 3im /2

U16 (10000) (a + 4b )/5 [33im /10, 3im /10] 33im /10

U24 (11000) (2a + 3b )/5 [3im /10, 3im /5] 3im /5

ab

U25 (11001) (3a + 2b )/5 [3im /10, 33im /10] 33im /10

U29 (11101) (4a + b )/5 [33im /10, 13im /5] 13im /5

U31 (11111) a [3im /2, im ] im

U0 (00000) c [3im /2, 0] 3im /2

U16 (10000) (a + 4c )/5 [33im /10, 3im /10] 33im /10

U24 (11000) (2a + 3c )/5 [3im /10, 3im /5] 3im /5

ac

U25 (11001) (3a + 2c )/5 [3im /10, 33im /10] 33im /10

U29 (11101) (4a + c )/5 [33im /10, 13im /5] 13im /5

U31 (11111) a [3im /2, im ] im

five-leg inverter stage. Then, the dc-link is connected to an uac uab ubb uab uac

input phase with the maximum absolute value. The CMV, the

peak value of which is equal to im , is generated.

Sap

Sbn

Rectifier

4. The CBPWM Method with CMV Reduction

Scn

By analyzing the switching sequence in Figure 4, the zero Sbp

vectors in the inverter stage are assigned to the rectifier stage, (a) Switching sequence of the rectifier stage

equivalently, which are not considered in the inverter stage. SAp

Thus, the dc-link voltage is synthesized by two larger line SBp

Inverter

SCp

to the absolute value of the input phase voltage. When the

SDp

input voltage is in segments 1, 2, 7, and 8, the zero voltage bb

SEp

is selected; the voltage aa is used in segments 3, 4, 9, and 10; t1 t2 t3 t4 t5 t6 t7 t8 t0 t8 t7 t6 t5 t4 t3 t2 t1

and in segments 5, 6, 11, and 12, cc is used. The input voltage

Ts

in segment 1 and the reference output voltage vector in sector (b) Switching sequence of the inverter stage

I are taken as an example; the switching sequence is shown in u2 T2

Figures 6(a) and 6(b). urE2 TE2

u1 T1

In terms of the change rate of CMV, the CMV is changed uc t

0

urE1 TE1

16 times within one sampling period by using the improved

modulation strategy. While it is 22 times and 18 times when Ts

using two zero vectors and one zero vector, respectively, (c) Triangular carrier signal uc and modulation signals

under conventional modulation strategies. S1

According to (16), the action time of each switching state S2

in Figure 6 is 1 = 0.5s , 2 = 0.5 s , 3 = 0.5 s , (d) Generation of gate pulses for rectifier stage

SE1

4 = 0.5s , 5 = 0.5s , 6 = 0.5 s , 7 =

0.5 s , 8 = 0.5s , and 0 = 0.50v s . SE2

In the rectifier stage, when the switching states are SE

switched, the active vectors are used in the inverter stage. (e) Generation of gate pulses for inverter stage

Thus, the commutation mode should be applied appropriately

to ensure the safe commutation of switches in the rectifier Figure 6: The switching sequence and generation of gate pulses by

stage. using the improved modulation strategy.

According to the above analysis and Table 2, the peak

value of CMV is not more than 13im /5, so that it can symmetrical triangular carrier signal is applied in this paper,

be reduced to 13/5 of the amplitude of the input phase which is described as

voltage.

4

The modulation strategy is realized by complex divi- c = 1, 0 s , (19)

s 2

sion and combination of sectors, which is similar to the

SVPWM strategy. In order to simplify the process, only one where c is the instantaneous value of the carrier signal.

Mathematical Problems in Engineering 7

4.1. Rectifier Stage Control. Figure 6(d) shows the principle two modulation signals, rE1 and rE2 , respectively, with the

to generate gate pulses for the rectifier stage. The two symmetrical triangular signal c . Then, the pulse E for switch

modulation signals 1 and 2 in Figure 6(c) are used to Ep is shown in Figure 6(e). It is obtained by XOR function:

generate the gate pulses for rectifier stage. The two pulses

1 and 2 in Figure 6(d) are obtained by comparing two E = E1 E2 + E1 E2 . (24)

modulation signals to the carrier signal. The gate pulses for

switches ap , bp , bn , and cn are calculated by The switching sequence for output phase E is obtained

by (24) and Figure 6(e).

ap = 2 From Figures 6(b) and 6(c), the durations E1 and E2 can

be derived as

bp = 2 s

(20) E1 = ( + )

bn = 1 2

cn = 1 . E2 = [( + + + ) + ( + ) (25)

] .

0. The switching sequence for the rectifier stage, shown in 2

Figure 6(a), is obtained by (20) and Figure 6(d). Combining (19) and (25), two modulation signals are

From Figures 6(a) and 6(c), the durations 1 and 2 can obtained by

be derived as

E D

rE1 = 2 1

1 = ( + + + ) s pn

2

(21) (26)

D E D

2 = ( + + + ) s . rE2 = 2( A ) 1.

2 pn pn

Combining (19) and (21), two modulation signals are The two modulation signals of other phases are similar

obtained by to (22) as well as in other sectors. Generally, the double

A D modulation signals to generate gate pulse for the upper switch

1 = 2 1 of phase ( {A, B, C, D, E}) in the inverter stage are

pn

given by

(22)

D min

2 = 2 A 1. r1 = 2 1

pn pn

In other segments, the two modulation signals are similar (27)

min min

to (22). In different input segments, they can be written as r2 = 2 ( max ) 1,

pn pn

max min

r1 = 2 1 where r1 and r2 are two modulation signals of phase

pn

(23) and is output voltage of phase .

max min In the inverter stage, the gate pulse of the lower switch of

r2 = 2 1,

pn each phase has a complementary relationship with that of the

upper switch. However, in the different sectors, the switches

where r1 and r2 are two modulation signals for the which keep ON state or OFF state continuously are different.

rectifier stage. max = max(A , B , C , D , E ) and min = Thus, the different modulation signals are needed, as shown

min(A , B , C , D , E ). in Table 3.

4.2. Inverter Stage Control. In Figure 6(b), because the zero 5. Simulation Results

vectors are not considered in the inverter stage, the switches

Ap and Dn keep ON state, while An and Dp keep OFF In order to verify the feasibility of the proposed CBPWM

state within each sampling period in sector I, so that the method, the simulation model of three-to-five-phase IMC

switches of phases B, C, and E are modulated. In order is established based on Matlab/Simulink. The parameters of

to generate the gate pulse for the upper switch of each phase, the simulation model are shown in Table 4. The simulation

two modulation signals are needed. Figure 6(e) shows the results are shown in Figures 7 and 8.

principle to generate the gate pulse for switch E when the Figure 7 contains the simulation waveforms of the input

CBPWM method is used in the inverter stage. The two voltage a and input current a , output line-to-line voltage

modulation signals, rE1 and rE2 , are used to generate the AB , FFT analysis of AB , and five-phase output current. From

gate pulse for the upper switch of phase E, which is shown in Figure 7(a), the input current a becomes almost sinusoidal

Figure 6(c). The pulses E1 and E2 are obtained by comparing waveform due to the LC filter. However, the LC filter causes

8 Mathematical Problems in Engineering

I Ap , Dn An , Dp B1 , B2 , C1 , C2 , E1 , E2

II Bp , Dn Bn , Dp A1 , A2 , C1 , C2 , E1 , E2

III Bp , En Bn , Ep A1 , A2 , C1 , C2 , D1 , D2

IV Cp , En Cn , Ep A1 , A2 , B1 , B2 , D1 , D2

V Cp , An Cn , Ap B1 , B2 , D1 , D2 , E1 , E2

VI Dp , An Dn , Ap B1 , B2 , C1 , C2 , E1 , E2

VII Dp , Bn Dn , Bp A1 , A2 , C1 , C2 , E1 , E2

VIII Ep , Bn En , Bp A1 , A2 , C1 , C2 , D1 , D2

IX Ep , Cn En , Cp A1 , A2 , B1 , B2 , D1 , D2

X Ap , Cn An , Cp B1 , B2 , D1 , D2 , E1 , E2

400 600

ua

Voltage, (V); current, (A)

400

200

200

5ia

0 0

200

200

400

400 600

0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.09 0.10 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.09 0.10

Time (s) Time (s)

(a) Input voltage and current of phase a (b) Output adjacent line-to-line voltage AB

15

100 iA iB iC iD iE

Fundamental (25 Hz) = 273.9 V

THD = 113.96% 10

Mag (% of fundamental)

Current, io (A)

0

50

5

10

0 15

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.09 0.10

Harmonic order Time (s)

(c) FFT analysis of AB (d) Output five-phase current

400 400

200 200

Voltage, uNO (V)

0 0

200 200

400 400

0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.09 0.10 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.09 0.10

Time (s) Time (s)

(a) The CMV of conventional modulation strategy (b) The CMV of the proposed CBPWM method

Mathematical Problems in Engineering 9

Table 4: The simulation parameters for the simulation model. [2] E. Levi, R. Bojoi, F. Profumo, H. A. Toliyat, and S. Williamson,

Multiphase induction motor drivesa technology status

Parameters Value review, IET Electric Power Applications, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 489

Input voltage (line-to-line 516, 2007.

2203 V

RMS) [3] P. W. Wheeler, Multiphase induction motor drives, in Pro-

Input frequency 50 Hz ceedings of the IET Chennai 3rd International Conference on

Sustainable Energy and Intelligent Systems (SEISCON 12), p. 1,

f = 0.2 , f = 0.2 mH, Tiruchengode, India, December 2012.

Input filter

f = 30 F

[4] M. Jones, S. N. Vukosavic, D. Dujic, and E. Levi, A synchronous

Switching frequency 10 kHz (s = 1 104 s) current control scheme for multiphase induction motor drives,

Output frequency 25 Hz IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 860

868, 2009.

Voltage transfer ratio VTR = 0.75

[5] R. Karampuri, J. Prieto, F. Barrero, and S. Jain, Extension of the

Five-phase R-L load = 20 , = 30 mH DTC technique to multiphase induction motor drives using any

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Figure 8 shows the CMV waveforms with the conven- Congress and Exposition (ECCE 10), pp. 18751880, Atlanta, Ga,

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[10] A. Iqbal, K. Rahman, R. Alammari, and H. Abu-Rub, Space

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connected to an input phase with the minimum absolute phase indirect matrix converter with carrier-based PWM based

value, the zero vectors are selected and arranged reasonably. on space-vector modulation analysis, IEEE Transactions on

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The method is implemented by using only one symmetrical converter with carrier-based PWM method, IEEE Transactions

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