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SULIT

Answer all questions. Jawab semua soalan.

1. Which of the cellular components can only be found in animal cells?


Antara komponen sel berikut yang manakah boleh ditemui di dalam sel haiwan?

A Mitochondrion C Nucleus
Mitokondria Nukleus

B Centriole D Cytoplasma
Sentriol Sitoplasma

2. Which cells are involved in the transport of water?


Antara sel berikut, yang manakah berfungsi mengangkut air?

A C

B
D

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3. Diagram 1 shows the structure of a plasma membrane.


Rajah 1 menunjukkan struktur membran plasma.

} P

Diagram 1
Rajah 1

Which molecules are able to pass through P?


Molekul manakah yang boleh melalui P?

A Glucose C Water
Glukosa Air

B Amino acids D Glycogen


Asid amino Glikogen

4. Diagram 2 shows the structure of plant cells when immersed in a sugar solution.
Rajah 2 menunjukkan struktur sel tumbuhan apabila direndam di dalam larutan gula.

Diagram 2
Rajah 2

Which of the following is true about the process and the condition of the cells?
Antara berikut yang manakah adalah benar tentang proses dan keadaan sel itu?

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Process Condition
Proses Keadaan
A Plasmolysis Turgid
Plasmolisis Segah
B Plasmolysis Flaccid
Plasmolisis Flasid
C Deplasmolysis Turgid
Deplasmolisis Segah
D Deplasmolysis Flaccid
Deplasmolisis Flasid

5. Diagram 3 shows the condition of red blood cell samples which have been placed in
different concentration of salt solutions M and N.
Rajah 3 menunjukkan keadaan sampel sel darah merah yang telah direndam di dalam
larutan garam M dan N yang berbeza kepekatan

Condition
of red blood
cell
Keadaan
sel darah
merah

Solution Salt solution M Salt solution N


Larutan Larutan garam M Larutan garam N

Diagram 3
Rajah 3

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What are the type of solution M and N compared to the red blood cells?
Apakah jenis larutan M dan N berbanding dengan sel darah merah?

Solution M Solution N
Larutan M Larutan N

A Hypotonic Hypertonic
Hipotenik Hipertonik

B Isotonic Hypotonic
Isotonik Hipotonik

C Hypertonic Isotonic
Hipertonik Isotonik

D Hypertonic Hypotonic
Hipertonik Hipotonik

6. Which of the following carbohydrates is a polysaccharide?


Antara karbohidrat berikut, yang manakah merupakan polisakarida?

A Maltose C Fructose
Maltosa Fruktos

B Glucose D Glycogen
Glukosa Glikogen

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7. Diagram 4 shows the action of an enzyme maltase.


Rajah 4 menunjukkan tindakan enzim maltase.

X Y
Z

Diagram 4
Rajah 4
X, Y and Z represent
X, Y dan Z mewakili

X Y Z

A Maltose Glucose Fructose


Maltosa Glukosa Fruktosa

B Maltose Glucose Glucose


Maltosa Glukosa Glukosa

C Maltose Glucose Galaktose


maltosa glukosa Galaktosa

D Maltose Galaktose Fructose


Maltosa galaktosa fruktosa

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8. Diagram 5 show a nucleotide molecule of DNA.


Rajah 5 menunjukkan satu molekul nukleotida dalam DNA.

R
Q

Diagram 5
Rajah 5

What are P, Q and R?


Apakah P , Q dan R ?

P Q R
A Pentose sugar Nitrogenous base Phosphate group
Gula Pentos Bes bernitrogen Kumpulan fosfat

B Nitrogenous base Phosphate group Pentose sugar


Bes bernitrogen Kumpulan fosfat Gula Pentos

C Phosphate group Pentose sugar Nitrogenous base


Kumpulan fosfat Gula Pentos Bes bernitrogen

D Pentose sugar Phosphate group Nitrogenous base


Gula Pentos Kumpulan fosfat Bes bernitrogen

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9. The equation shows a process in the formation of disaccharides


Persamaan menunjukkan satu proses dalam pembentukkan disakarida.

Glucose + Frucrose Sucrose + Water


Glukosa Fruktosa X Sukrosa Air

What is process X?
Apakah proses X ?

A Condensation C Evaporation
Kondensasi Sejatan

B Hydrolysis D Reduction
Hidrolisis Penurunan

10. Diagram 6 shows a cell undergoing cell division.


Rajah 6 menunjukkan sel yang sedang membahagi.

Diagram 6
Rajah 6

Which of the following is the product of cell division shown in Diagram 6.


Yang manakah antara berikut merupakan hasil pembahagian sel yang ditunjukkan
dalam Rajah 6.

A Primodium germ cell C Oogonium


Sel germa primodium Oogonium

B Primary oocyte D Secondary oocyte

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Oosit primer Oosit sekunder

11. Diagram 7 shows the phases in a cell cycle.


Rajah 7 menunjukkan fasa-fasa dalam satu kitar sel.

Diagram 7
Rajah 7

Which phase do replication of DNA occur?


Antara fasa berikut yang manakah berlakunya replikasi DNA?

A G1 C G2

B S D M

12. Diagram 8 shows a phase of mitosis taking place in the nucleus of an animal cell.
Rajah 8 menunjukkan satu fasa mitosis yang berlaku dalam nukleus pada sel haiwan

Diagram 8
Rajah 8
What is the phase?
Apakah fasa itu?

A. Prophase C Anaphase
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Profasa Anafasa

B. Metaphase D Telophase
Metafasa Telofasa

13. The choromosomal number of an organism is 12. What is the chromosomal number of
gamete cells, somatic cells and embryonic cells of the organism?
Bilangan kromosom satu organisma adalah 12. Apakah bilangan kromosom untuk sel-sel
gamet , sel-sel soma dan sel emrio organisma berkenaan?

Gamet cells Somatic cells Embryonic cells


Sel-sel gamet Sel-sel soma Sel-sel embrio
A 12 12 12
B 6 12 6
C 6 12 12
D 12 6 12

14. Which part of human digestive system has an enzyme that hydrolyses fats?
Bahagian manakah dalam sistem pencernaan manusia mempunyai enzim yang
menghidrolisis lemak?

A Mouth C Stomach
Mulut Perut

B Oesophagus D Duodenum
Esofagus Duodenum

15. The information below shows four food classes and their energy content. Which of the
following represents fats?
Maklumat di bawah menunjukkan empat kelas makanan dan kandungan tenaga bagi
setiap makanan tersebut. Yang manakah menunjukkan lemak?

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Food classes Energy content / kJ per 100g


Kelas makanan Kandngan tenaga/kJ per 100g
A 500
B 1720
C 1760
D 3700

16. Three different food tests were carried out on a food sample. The results are shown in
table 1.
Tiga ujian makanan dijalankan ke atas sample makanan. Keputusan ujian ditunjukkan
dalam jadual 1.

Test tube Test carried out Observation


Tabung uji Ujian makanan Pemerhatian
1 Benedict test Blue solution
Ujian Benedict Larutan biru
2 Iodine test Dark blue
Ujian kanji Biru tua
3 DCPIP test Colorless solution
Ujian DCPIP Tidak berwarna
Table 1
Jadual 1
The food sample contains
Sampel makanan mengandungi

A starch C starch and reducing sugar


kanji kanji dan gula penurun

B starch and vitamin C D reducing sugar and vitamin C


kanji dan vitamin C gula penurun dan vitamin C

17. Table 2 shows the result of an experiment.


Jadual 2 di bawah menunjukkan keputusan satu eksperimen.

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Table 2
Jadual 2

Material Volume of solution which decolourise 1 cm3 of DCPIP (cm3)


Bahan Isipadu larutan yang meluntur 1 cm3 DCPIP (cm3)
Ascorbic acid 0.1% 1.0
Asid askorbik 0.1%
Pineapple juice 3.0
Jus nenas
What is the percentage of vitamin C in the pineapple juice?
Berapakah peratus vitamin C yang terkandung dalam jus nenas?

A 30% C 0.33%

B 3.0% D 0.03%

18. What is produced during the anaerobic respiration in both human muscles and yeast?
Apakah yang dihasilkan dalam respirasi anaerob dalam otot manusia dan yis?

A Ethanol C Heat energy


Etanol Tenaga haba

B Lactic acid D Water


Asid laktik Air

19.
Glucose + Oxygen Karbon dioxide + Water + ATP
Glukosa + Oksigen Karbon dioksida + Air + ATP

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What is procee shown by the equation above?


Apakah proses yang ditunjukan oleh persamaan di atas ?

A Aerobic respiration C Hydrolysis of glucose


respirasi aerob Hidrolisis glukosa

B Anaerobic respiration D Condensation of glucose


Respirasi anaerob Kondensasi glukosa

20. Which of the following information is true for both photosynthesis and aerobic respirasi?
Antara maklumat berikut, yang manakah benar bagi kedua dua proses fotosintesis
respirasi aerob?

Photosynthesis Aerobic respiration


A Cell that carries out Cells with chloroplasts All types of living cells
the process Sel berkloroplas Semua jenis sel hidup
Sel yamg menjalani
proses

B Condition at which Presence of light Absence of light


Process takes place Keadaan bercahaya Keadaan tanpa cahaya
Keadaan di mana
proses berlaku

C Substrate Karbon dioxide and Water Glucose and Water


Subtrast Karbon dioksida dan Air Glukosa dan Air

D Products Glucose and Water Carbon dioxide and


Hasil tindak balas Glukosa dan Air energy
Karbon dioksida dan
tenaga

21. Which of the following substances in cigarettes smoke can corrodes the wall of alveolus?
Antara bahan-bahan didalam asap rokok berikut, yang manakah boleh menghakis
dinding alveolus?

A Tar C Nitrogen dioxide


Tar Nitrogen dioksida

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B Benzene D Carbon monoxide


Benzena Karbon monoksida

22. Diagram 9 shows a process in the Nitrogen Cycle, which involves bacteria Q.
Rajah 9 menunjukkan suatu kitar Nitrogen yang melibatkan bakteria Q.

AMMONIUM COMPOUNDS Bacteria Q NITRITES


Sebatian ammonium Nitrit

Diagram 9
Rajah 9
What is Q?
Apakah Q?

A Nostoc sp. C Nitrobacter sp.

B Rhizobium sp. D Nitrosomonas sp.

23. Diagram 10 shows an environmental phenomenon.


Rajah 10 menunjukkan sejenis fenomena.

Diagram 10
What is the phenomenon?
Rajah 10
Apakah fenomena tersebut?

A Air pollution C Radiation effect


Pencemaran udara Kesan radiasi

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B Ozone depletion D Green house effect


Penipisan lapisan ozon Kesan rumah hijau

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