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# Sep 14 , 2017

## Power Factor and Power Factor Correction

Assistant Professor
Electrical Engineering Department
University of Management and technology

## Renewable Electrical Energy Resources EE407

Contents

1. RMS valueofasinusoidal
2. Powerfactor
3. Powertriangle
4. Powerfactorcorrectionforsinglephase
5. Powerfactorcorrectionforthreephase
Power factor contd...

Averagepowerdissipatedinthebox

Powerfactor

Goodpowerfactor

Example2.5
Autilitysupplies12,000V(12kV)toacustomerwhoneeds600kWofreal
powerfactorof0.5versusapowerfactorof1.0.
Power triangle and power factor correction

ShowingapparentpowerS(voltamps)resolvedintoreactive
power(VAR)andrealpowerP(watts)
Example 2.6

A230Vinductionmotordraws25Aofcurrentwhiledelivering
3700Wofpowertoitsshaft.Drawitspowertriangle.
Solution:
Example 2.7

0.75.Anticipatedgrowthinpowerdemandinthenearfutureis20%.HowmanykVAR
purchasealargertransformer?

Tostillsupplyonly600kVA,thepowerfactorwillhavetobeimprovedtoatleast
Example 2.7

Thereactivepowerwillneedtobereducedto

Reactivepower
increasesline
losses

## Beforecorrection With215kVAR capacitor

Relationshipbetweencurrentthroughacapacitorandvoltageacrossit

powerthroughacapacitorisallreactive

MediumVoltage

Example2.8
Whatsizecapacitorwouldbeneededtocorrectthepowerfactorofthe230V,
60Hz,5hp motorinExample2.6?
Power in a Three-Phase Circuit
Singlephase:instantaneouspowervaries
operation
Threephase:constantpowergivessmoother
performanceofmotorsandgenerators
Vphase istherms voltageineachphase

## Iline istherms currentineachphase

thereactivepoweris

Therealpowerinathreephasecircuitis

Thesumofthethreephasesofpowerinbalanceddelta
Example 2.10

Supposethatashopisservedwithathreephase,208Vtransformer.Therealpower
demandof80kWismostlysinglephasemotors,whichcausethepowerfactortobea
ratherpoor0.5.Findthetotalapparentpower,theindividuallinecurrents,andreal
powerbeforeandafterthepowerfactoriscorrectedto0.9.IfpowerlossesbeforePF
correctionis5%(4kW),whatwilltheybeafterpowerfactorimprovement?
Solution:
theapparentpowerbeforePFcorrection

WyeandDeltaConnected
thetotalapparentpoweris
Example 2.10

thecurrentflowingineachlegofthethreephasesystem

Aftercorrectingthepowerfactorto0.9theresultingapparentpoweris

Thecurrentineachlineis

thelossesafterpowerfactorcorrectionwillbereducedto