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How Does the Brain Work?

Everyday in my life I used to think about all the things around me. I used to read many books
complete with recent facts and truths about the place we live in. I am always wandering about myths,
mysteries and theories in our world. Sometimes I am talking to myself and then one day one question
came into my mind How does the brain work?
Upon encountering this matter I began to think, and after many hours, many days, many weeks and
many months research I figured that scientist all over the world only knows 10 percent of how the brain
works which leaves a massive mark of indefinite mystery which is over 90 percent.
Brain is the most complex organ of our entire human body. Brain, portion of the central nervous
system contained within the skull. The brain is the control center for movement, sleep, hunger, thirst,
and virtually every other vital activity necessary to survival. All human emotionsincluding love, hate,
fear and anger, elation, and sadnessare controlled by the brain. It also receives and interprets the
countless signals that are sent to it from other parts of the body and from the external environment.
The brain makes us conscious, emotional, and intelligent. Without it we humans as we know it will never
exist. It may be compared to a living dead. The very common expression usually stated on people who
are battling a very rareunlikely illness Doctors oftenly called Brain Dead. A state where your brain are
lacking functions of the central nervous system as measured by brain wave activity on an
electroencephalogram over a specific period of time. It completely immobilizes the body in a state of
coma which could last for many years. It is a very dangerous infirmity that until now it doesnt have any
remedy or antidote. However, the origin of this rare ailment is but yet only a theory but all the brain
experts all over the world are determined and on a quest to search for the truth and answers on one of
the worlds most difficult question.
We are now on the 21st century with state of the art technology but even with this its still not
enough to discover the way our brain works. Sometimes I couldnt understand life, we have reach space,
put a man in the moon, invented wonderful and useful inventions and discovered life itselfbut never our
own brain which is very near to us. But, I found out that in the past two thousand years people have
started knowing the brain already and is the main reason why civilizations, wars and finally technology is
born. I have learned in my recent studies and by always listening to docmentaries presented by great
scientists in the world that with the use of our brain we can have super abilities which we could use as
our defense mechanisms when we are in danger. Certain fluids such as cortisol and adrenaline surged
through our systems, giving our gross-motor muscles a sort of bionic boost. The hormones are so
powerful that, after a life-or-death situation, many people report having an odd, chemical taste in their
mouths, this fast changes are oftenly caused by fear. The amygdala, an ancient, almond-shaped mass of
nuclei located deep within our brains temporal lobes that are central to the human fear circuit. In
response, the amygdala set off cascading series of changes throughout our body. In a flash, we will
transformed into survival mode-without any conscious decision making on our part particularly when we
are in a great danger.The amygdala learns about danger in two ways. The first way, which neuroscientist
LeDoux calls the low road: example: Asencios ears sent a signal directly to his amygdala to trigger the
sympathetic nervous system reaction. The low road is a quick and dirty processing system, as LeDoux
writes in his excellent book, The Emotional Brain. But the sound of the gunshots also sent a signal that
traveled through the cortex, the outer layer of gray matter involved in Asencios higher brain functions.
The cortex recognized the sound as gunshots and sent a more nuanced message to the amygdala. This is
the high road. It is a more accurate depiction of what happened, but it is also slower.
The more time we have to respond to a threat, the more we can recruit the brains more
sophisticated abilities. We can put the threat in the context, consider our options, and act intelligently.
But these higher functions are always slower and weaker than the primal response of the amygdala. As
with risk, so with fear: emotions trump reason. Emotions monopolize brain resources, says LeDoux.
Theres a reason for that: If youre faced with a blood thirsty beast, you dont want your attention to
But in some cases the question is already getting so much better. Victims of tragedies reported that
some of them experienced another classic fear response, however: the slowing down of time. Time and
space became disjointed, he wrote. The action around me, which had seemed speeded up at first,
now turned into slow motion. The scene was like a confused, night marish hallucination, a grotesque
charade. Everything I saw seemed distorted; everyone, everything, was out of character. Imagine your
hurt beating 150 times a minute and experiencing an out-of-body experience caused by this curious
sense of aloofness called dissociation, can feel subtle. In the study of 115 police officers involved in
serious shootings, 90 percent reported having some kind of dissociative symptom-from numbing to a
loss of awareness to memory problems at its extreme people describe the feeling as if they were
watching themselves from above which tells us that the sensation probably has something to do with a
breakdown in the brains ability to integrate a flood of data. Extreme dissociation seems to be the brains
last line of defense, and it is particularly common among victims of childhood sexual abuse. Like all
defense mechanisms dissociation exacts a cost. A series of studies has found that the more intense the
dissociation during crises, the harder the recovery will be for the person who survives. Yet despite of
these astonishing findings from the book of Amanda Ripley, The Unthinkable published on year 2008
we have so much to discover.
Other cases with mental abilities have reach beyond our vast imagination and making fantasy into a
reality. People which by the use of their minds otherwise known as psychic powers tends to
communicate and break our earthly rule. Are these unnatural things really happening?
Based on many reports there are certain abilities like telekinesis, mental telepathy and futuristic
visions which doesnt requires physical force but only the mind. Telekinesis is the power to move things:
the supposed psychic power to move or change the shape of inanimate objects without the use of
physical force. Telepathy is supposed communication directly from one person's mind to another's
without speech, writing, or other signs or symbols. Futuristic vision is the ability to anticipate possible
future events and developments. Some experts would say that unlike ourselves their maximum brain
capacity is unlocked which gives extraordinary abilities. Yet despite of many proof and articles written
related to super brain activities Science seemed to be blinded and ignoring this ideas as what scientist
are saying and behaving but even with this I would still believe that this is a very important matter and
if we can get through we might run into the truth.
For these results, I am starting to get close to the answer and I think for the next few years humans
will finally unlocked this vault of truth about How does the brain work?

-Roeland A. Planteras