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ETAP Knowledge Base

Transformer Inrush Curves

Description: Equations used to plot the different types of transformer inrush curves in ETAP
Category: STAR
Type: Calculation, Information
Keywords: STAR, Transformer, Inrush curve, Point, Curve-Piecewise, Curve-Equation

ETAP provides three types of inrush curves to plot for the 2-winding and 3-winding
transformers:
Point
Curve Piecewise
Curve Equation

1. Point
When Point is selected as the inrush curve type, an inrush point marker is displayed on the
STAR View as a single point with coordinates (Multiplier*FLA, Duration)

2. Point
When Curve-Piecewise is selected as the inrush curve type, a piecewise inrush curve is
displayed on the STAR View with the following points

t (cyc) x FLA

1000*Duration M/6

100*Duration M/4

10*Duration M/2

1*Duration M

0.1*Duration 2.083*M

This document is confidential and proprietary to Operation Technology, Inc. and may not be reproduced, published or disclosed to
others without the written authorization of Operation Technology, Inc., 17 Goodyear, Suite 100, Irvine, CA 92618, USA. 2010 by
Operation Technology, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Operation Technology, Inc. Page 1 of 2 ETAPKB


ETAP Knowledge Base

Transformer Inrush Curves

3. Curve - Equation
When Curve-Equation is selected as the inrush curve type, an equation-based inrush curve
is displayed on the STAR View according to the following equation

K I e
I
2
where,
K = Multiplier (ratio between maximum peak inrush current value and the rated current of the
transformer)
I1r = Rated current of the transformer (FLA)
= Time constant in cycles

This document is confidential and proprietary to Operation Technology, Inc. and may not be reproduced, published or disclosed to
others without the written authorization of Operation Technology, Inc., 17 Goodyear, Suite 100, Irvine, CA 92618, USA. 2010 by
Operation Technology, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Operation Technology, Inc. Page 2 of 2 ETAPKB