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Charles II, Archduke of Austria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Charles II Francis of Austria (German: Karl II. Franz von Innersterreich) (3


June 1540 10 July 1590) was an Archduke of Austria and ruler of Inner Austria Charles II
(Styria, Carniola and Carinthia) from 1564. He was a member of the House of
Habsburg.

Contents
1 Life
2 Marriage and children
3 Ancestors
4 Notes
5 References

Archduke of Inner Austria


Life Reign 25 July 1564 10 July
1590
A native of Vienna, he was the third son of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, and Predecessor Ferdinand I
Anne of Bohemia and Hungary, daughter of King Vladislaus II of Bohemia and
Hungary and his wife Anne of Foix-Candale. In 1559 and again from 15641568 Successor Ferdinand III
there were negotiations for a marriage between Charles and Elizabeth I of England.
Born 3 June 1540
Emperor Ferdinand I expected Elizabeth to promise in the proposed marriage treaty
Vienna, Austria
that Charles, as her widower, would succeed her if she died childless. The
negotiations dragged on until Queen Elizabeth decided that she would not marry the Died 10 July 1590 (aged 50)
Archduke; religion was the main obstacle to the match,[1] apart from the Queen's Graz, Austria
character. In 1563, Charles was also a suitor of Mary, Queen of Scots, with her Burial Seckau, Austria
uncle Charles, Cardinal of Lorraine, advising her to marry Charles in order to
obtain assistance in governing Scotland. Mary, however, disagreed, as did Charles's Spouse Maria Anna of Bavaria
older brother Maximilian. Issue Anne, Queen of
Poland
Unlike his brother, Emperor Maximilian II, Charles was a religious Catholic and
Maria Christina,
promoted the Counter-Reformation, e.g. by inviting the Jesuits to his territory.
Princess of
However, in 1572, he had to make significant concessions to the Inner Austrian
Estates in the Religious Pacifications of Graz, and 1578 and the Libellum of Bruck. Transylvania
In practice, this resulted in tolerance towards Protestantism. Archduchess
Catherine Renata
As the Inner Austrian line had to bear the major burden of the wars against the Ferdinand II, Holy
Turks, the fortress of Karlstadt/Karlovac in Croatia was founded in 1579 and named Roman Emperor
after him. Charles is also remembered as a benefactor of the arts and sciences. In Archduchess
particular, the composer Orlando di Lasso was one of his protgs, as was the music
Gregoria
theorist Lodovico Zacconi.
Maximiliana
In 1573, Charles founded the Akademisches Gymnasium in Graz, the oldest Archduchess
secondary school in Styria. In 1580, Charles founded a stud for horses of Eleanor
Andalusian origin in Lipica, Slovenia, thereby playing a leading role in the creation Archduke
of the Lipizzan breed. In 1585, Charles founded the University of Graz, which is Maximilian Ernest
named Karl-Franzens-Universitt after him. Margaret, Queen
of Spain
He died at Graz in 1590.
Leopold V,
Charles' mausoleum in Seckau Abbey, in which other members of the Habsburg Archduke of
family are also buried, is one of the most important edifices of the early Baroque in Further Austria
the South-Eastern Alps. It was built from 1587 onwards by Alessandro de Verda Constance, Queen
and completed by Sebastiano Carlone by 1612. of Poland
Marriage and children Maria Maddalena,
Grand Duchess of
In Vienna on 26 August 1571 Charles married his niece Maria Anna of Bavaria. Tuscany
They had fifteen children: Charles, Bishop of
Wroclaw
Ferdinand (b. Judenburg, 15 July 1572 d. Judenburg, 3 August 1572).
House Habsburg
Anne (b. Graz, 16 August 1573 d. Warsaw, 10 February 1598), married on
31 May 1592 to Sigismund III Vasa, King of Poland, Grand Duke of Father Ferdinand I, Holy Roman
Lithuania and King of Sweden. Emperor
Maria Christina (b. Graz, 10 November 1574 d. Hall in Tirol, 6 April
1621), married on 6 August 1595 to Sigismund Bathory, Prince of Mother Anna of Bohemia and
Transylvania; they divorced in 1599. Hungary
Catherine Renata (b. Graz, 4 January 1576 d. Graz, 29 June 1599). Religion Roman Catholicism
Elisabeth (b. Graz, 13 March 1577 d. Graz, 29 January 1586).
Ferdinand (b. Graz, 9 July 1578 d. Vienna, 15 February 1637), Holy Roman
Emperor as Ferdinand II in 1619.
Charles (b. Graz, 17 July 1579 d. Graz, 17 May 1580).
Gregoria Maximiliana (b. Graz, 22 March 1581 d. Graz, 20 September
1597).
Eleanor (b. Graz, 25 September 1582 d. Hall in Tirol, 28 January 1620), a
nun.
Maximilian Ernest (b. Graz, 17 November 1583 d. Graz, 18 February
1616), Teutonic Knight.
Margaret (b. Graz, 25 December 1584 d. El Escorial 3 October 1611), Gisants of Charles II Francis of Austria
married on 18 April 1599 to Philip III, King of Spain. and his wife Maria Anna of Bavaria on
Leopold (b. Graz, 9 October 1586 d. Schwaz, 13 September 1632), the cenotaph of "Habsburg
Archduke of Further Austria and Count of Tirol. mausoleum", Seckau Abbey
Constance (b. Graz, 24 December 1588 d. Warsaw, 10 July 1631), married
on 11 December 1605 to Sigismund III Vasa, King of Poland, Grand Duke of
Lithuania and King of Sweden (widower of her older sister).
Maria Magdalena (b. Graz, 7 October 1589 d. Padua, 1 November 1631),
married on 19 October 1608 Cosimo II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany.
Charles, the Posthumous (b. Graz, 7 August 1590 d. Madrid, 28 December
1624), Bishop of Wroclaw and Brixen (160824), Grand Master of the
Teutonic Order (161824).

Ancestors

Seckau Abbey, "Habsburg mausoleum",


cenotaph

Arms of Charles II
of Austria-Styria.[2]

Ancestors of Charles II, Archduke of Austria

16. Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor


8. Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor
17. Eleanor of Portugal
4. Philip I of Castile
18. Charles, Duke of Burgundy
9. Mary of Burgundy
19. Isabella of Bourbon
2. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
20. John II of Aragon

10. Ferdinand II of Aragon


21. Juana Enrquez
5. Joanna of Castile
22. John II of Castile
11. Isabella I of Castile
23. Isabella of Portugal
1. Charles II, Archduke of
Austria
24. Wadysaw II Jagieo
12. Casimir IV Jagiellon
25. Sophia of Halshany
6. Vladislas II of Bohemia and Hungary
26. Albert II of Germany
13. Elisabeth of Austria
27. Elisabeth of Bohemia
3. Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
28. John de Foix, 1st Earl of Kendal
14. Gaston de Foix, Count of Candale
29. Margaret de la Pole, Countess of Candale)
7. Anna of Foix-Candale
30. Gaston IV, Count of Foix
15. Catherine of Foix
31. Eleanor of Navarre

Notes
1. Doran pp.7398
2. (in French) Hraldique Europenne (http://www.heraldique-europeenne.org/Accueil.htm), Toison d'Or, Philippe II, 3.

References
Doran, Susan (1996). Monarchy and Matrimony: The Courtships of Elizabeth I. Routledge.

Charles II, Archduke of Austria


House of Habsburg
Born: 3 June 1540 Died: 10 July 1590

Regnal titles

Archduke of Succeeded by
Preceded by
Inner Austria Ferdinand
Ferdinand I
15641590 II
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This page was last edited on 5 June 2017, at 00:11.


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