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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

"Abulfeda" redirects here. For the lunar crater, see Abulfeda (crater).
This article is about the geographer and historian, who should not be confused with
the 14th Century Shafi scholar Ibn Kathir.

Abu al-Fida

Born November , 1273


Died October 27, 1331


Other names Abu Al-fida' Isma'il Ibn 'ali

Era Medieval philosophy

Region Islamic philosophy


Abu al-Fida (Arabic: ; or Abul-Fida' al-amawi or Abul Fida Ismail Hamvi,

fully Abu Al-fida' Isma'il Ibn 'ali ibn Mahmud Al-malik Al-mu'ayyad 'imad Ad-din; also
transliterated Abulfeda, Abu Alfida, etc.; November 1273 October 27, 1331), was
a Kurdish[1] historian, geographer, and local governor of Hamh.[2][3] He was a prince of
the Ayyubid dynasty and the author of The memoirs of a Syrian prince: Abu'l-Fid,
Sultan of amh. The crater Abulfeda on theMoon, is named after him.


1 Life
2 Works
3 See also
4 Notes
5 Sources
6 Further reading
7 External links

Abu'l-Fida was born in Damascus,[4] where his father Malik ul-Afdal, brother of emir Al-
Mansur Muhammad II of Hama, had fled from the Mongols.
In his boyhood he devoted himself to the study of the Qur'an and the sciences, but from
his twelfth year onward, he was almost constantly engaged in military expeditions,
chiefly against the crusaders.
In 1285 he was present at the assault of a stronghold of the Knights of St. John, and
took part in the sieges of Tripoli, Acre and Qal'at ar-Rum. In 1298 he entered the
service of the Mamluk Sultan Malik al-Nasir and after twelve years was invested by him
with the governorship of Hama. In 1312 he became prince with the titleMalik us-Salhn,
and in 1320 received the hereditary rank of sultan with the title Malik ul-Mu'ayyad.
For more than twenty years all together he reigned in tranquillity and splendour,
devoting himself to the duties of government and to the composition of the works to
which he is chiefly indebted for his fame. He was a munificent patron of men of letters,
who came in large numbers to his court. He died in 1331.


The Concise History of Humanity or Chronicles (Arabic: -

( )History of Abu al-Fida, his chief historical work is An Abridgment of the
History at the Human Race, in the form of annals extending from the creation of the
world to the year 1329 (Constantinople, 2 vols. 1869).

A Sketch of the Countries (Arabic: ) . His Geography is, like much of the
history, founded on the works of his predecessors, including the works
ofPtolemy and Muhammad al-Idrisi. A long introduction on various geographical
matters is followed by twenty-eight sections dealing in tabular form with the chief
towns of the world. After each name are given the longitude, latitude, climate,
spelling, and then observations generally taken from earlier authors. Parts of the
work were published and translated as early as 1650 in Europe. In his works Abu'l-
Fida correctly mentions the latitude and longtitude of the city of Quanzhou inChina.

A book about medicine named Kunash (Arabic: )

Abu'l-Fida Mosque

See also[edit]
List of Muslim historians

This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain
unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help
to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (February

1. Jump up^ The Kurds: A Concise Handbook, p. 45, at Google Books

2. Jump up^ Encyclopedia of the History of Science, Technology and Medicine in
Non-Western Cultures, (edited by) Helaine Selin, pp. 7-8, Kluwer Academic Publishers,
Netherlands, 1997
3. Jump up^ Identifiants et Rfrentiels Sudoc Pour L'Enseignement Suprieur et la
Recherche - Ab al-Fid (1273-1331) (French)
4. Jump up^ Chambers Biographical Dictionary, ISBN 0-550-18022-2, page 5
5. Jump up^ The Travels of Ibn Batta: With Notes, Illustrative of the History, p. 211,
at Google Books

Gibb, H.A.R. (1986). "Abu'l Fid". The Encyclopaedia of Islam. Volume 1: A-B.
Leiden: Brill. pp. 118119.
Studies on Abul-Fida' al-amawi (1273-1331 A.D.) by Farid Ibn Faghl, Carl Ehrig-
Eggert, E. Neubauer. Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science (Institut fr
Geschichte der Arabisch-Islamischen Wissenschaften) at the Johann Wolfgang
Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 1992.
Encyclopedie de l'Islam, 2nd ed. E.J. Brill, Leiden and G.P. Maisonneuve, Paris,
1960. (French)

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public

domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Abulfeda". Encyclopdia Britannica (11th
ed.). Cambridge University Press.

Further reading[edit]
de Slane, Baron (1872). "Autobiographie d'Abou 'L-Fed: Extraite de sa
chronicle". Recueil des Historiens des Croisades: Historiens Orientaux. Volume
1 (in French). Paris: Imprimerie Nationale. pp. 166186, 745751.

External links[edit]
Vernet, J. (2008) [1970-80]. "Abul-Fid Isml Ibn Al Ibn Mamd Ibn Ayyb,
Imd Al-Dn". Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography.
Abulfedae tabulae quaedam geographicae, nunc primum Arab. ed., Lat. vertit, notis
illustr. H.F ... (1835)