NASA Daily News Summary For Release: Oct.

25, 1999 Media Advisory m99-221

Summary: NASA CONFERENCE EXPLORES THE CUTTING EDGE OF TECHNOLOGY Video File for Oct. 25, 1999 ITEM 1 - CHANDRA IMAGES EXTENDED X-RAY JETS THAT REVEAL ENERGY SOURCE IN NEARBY GALAXY ITEM 2 - SHARPEST PICTURE EVER TAKEN OF JUPITER'S VOLCANIC MOON IO (replay) ---------NASA CONFERENCE EXPLORES THE CUTTING EDGE OF TECHNOLOGY The best new inventions from America's chief research and development laboratories will be on display in November at NASA's premier technology showcase, Technology 2009. The inventions, on display Nov. 1-3, 1999, at the Miami Beach Fontainebleau Hilton, provide a wealth of new business ideas and ready-made solutions to companies experiencing engineering problems. The first-ever forum on emerging commercial opportunities in aerospace and aviation will be presented as part of Technology 2009. And NASA officials will discuss NASA's commercial technology network, how to do business with NASA, and NASA contributions to medicine. More information can be found on the Internet at: and Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC; Michael Braukus DC: (Phone: 202/358-1979). For full text, see:

********** If NASA issues any news releases later today, we will email summaries and Internet URLs to this list. Index of 1999 NASA News Releases: ********** Video File for Oct. 25, 1999 ITEM 1 - CHANDRA IMAGES EXTENDED X-RAY JETS THAT REVEAL TRT :15 ENERGY SOURCE IN NEARBY GALAXY NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has made an extraordinary image of Centaurus A, a nearby galaxy noted for its explosive activity. The image shows X-ray jets erupting from the center of the galaxy over a distance of 25,000 light years. Also detected are a group of X-ray sources clustered around the nucleus, which is believed to harbor a supermassive black hole. The X-ray jets and the cluster of sources may be a byproduct of a titanic collision between galaxies several hundred Million years ago. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Donald Savage (Phone: 202-358-1547). Contact at Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL: Steve Roy (Phone: 256-544-6535). Contact at Chandra X-ray Observatory Center, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA: Dr. Wallace Tucker (Phone: 617-496-7998). ITEM 1a - CENTAURUS A (NGC 5128) IN X RAY TRT :15

The Chandra X-ray image of Centaurus A shows a bright source in the nucleus of the galaxy, which is thought to be due to a supermassive black hole. The main jet extending to the upper left far outside the galaxy is caused by explosive activity around the black hole. A smaller "counter jet" extending to the lower right

can also be seen. The faint arc on the lower right is thought to represent a shock wave produced by energetic particles expanding away from the nucleus. Numerous point-like sources of X-rays are also apparent. These are probably due to neutron stars or black holes that are accreting matter from nearby companion stars. Images from Chandra X-ray Observatory/ High Resolution Camera. CREDIT: (NASA/CXC/SAO) ITEM 1B - CENTAURUS A (NGC 5128): OPTICAL-X RAY COMPARISON This picture shows the Chandra X-ray image overlaid on the optical image of Centaurus A. The optical image shows that Centaurus A is an elliptical galaxy with huge dust lanes across the middle of the galaxy. This has led astronomers to speculate that Centaurus A was the site of a merger between a small spiral galaxy and a large elliptical galaxy several hundred million years ago. This merger could have provided a large supply of gas for a central black hole that triggered the explosive activity observed by X-ray and radio telescopes. The energetic central region, or nucleus, is obscured by the dust lanes in optical images, but shines clearly in X-rays, as do the dramatic jet structures extending in either direction from the nucleus well beyond the edges of the galaxy. X RAY: Chandra X Ray Observatory/High Resolution Camera image (Credit: NASA/CXC/SAO) OPTICAL: Cerro Tololo InterAmerican Observatory 4-meter Blanco telescope image (Credit: AURA/NOAO/NSF) To follow Chandra's progress, visit the Chandra site at: AND http://chandra.harvard.edu High resolution digital versions of the x-ray image (300 dpi JPG, TIFF) and other information associated with this release are available on the Internet at: or via links in: TRT :15


TRT :15

VOLCANIC MOON IO (replay) This black-and-white image is the highest resolution picture ever taken of Jupiter's volcanic moon Io. The image was taken by NASA's Galileo spacecraft on Oct. 10, 1999, during its 24th orbit of Jupiter, at an altitude of 420 miles (670 km). The image resolution is 30 feet (9 meters) per pixel, 289 times better than Galileo's earlier views of this region and 50 times better than the best Voyager image. This image targeted lava flows that erupted from the volcano Pillan. It shows a complex mix of smooth and rough areas with clusters of pits and domes, many of which are the size of houses. The volcanic features are similar to those found on the Earth and Mars. However, this complex combination of different types of lava flows has not been seen before in such a small area, demonstrating the variety of volcanic processes that continue to change the surface of Io. Galileo scientists estimate that the cliff on the left side of the image ranges from 3 to 10 meters (10 to 33 feet) high. Contact at NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA: Jane Platt 818/354-5011. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Doug Isbell 202/358-1753. Image Credit: NASA/JPL/University of Arizona ---------Unless otherwise noted, ALL TIMES ARE EASTERN. ANY CHANGES TO THE LINE-UP WILL APPEAR ON THE NASA VIDEO FILE ADVISORY ON THE WEB AT WE UPDATE THE ADVISORY THROUGHOUT THE DAY. The NASA Video File normally airs at noon, 3 p.m., 6 p.m., 9 p.m. and midnight Eastern Time. NASA Television is available on GE-2, transponder 9C at 85 degrees West longitude, with vertical polarization. Frequency is on 3880.0 megahertz, with audio on 6.8 megahertz.

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