NASA Daily News Summary For Release: Oct.

27, 1999 Media Advisory m99-224

Summary: FIRST FEMALE SHUTTLE COMMANDER EILEEN COLLINS RECEIVES JACKIE ROBINSON MEDAL Video File for Oct. 27, 1999 ITEM 1 - SPACE TRANSPORTATION DAY ITEM 2 - HUBBLE IDENTIFIES SOURCE OF ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT IN AN OLD GALAXY (replay) ITEM 3 - INSPECTION '99 PSAs - JSC (replay) BROADCAST NOTE: NASA TV Coverage of Hearing on Space Transportation Architecture Studies: The Future of Earth-to-Orbit Spaceflight before the House Committee on Science's, Subcommittee on Space and Aeronautics, taped today, 10:00 am noon Broadcast schedule on NASA TV: Wednesday, Oct. 27, 1:00 pm Saturday, Oct. 30, noon Sunday, Oct. 31, noon NASA's Chief Engineer, Daniel Mulville, testified along with and Rick Stephens, Vice President and General Manager, Reusable Space Systems, Boeing Space and Communications; Michael Coats, Vice President, Reusable Transportation Systems, Lockheed Martin Astronautics; Dr. Michael Griffin, Executive Vice President and Chief Technical Officer, Orbital Sciences Corporation; and Dr. Tom Rogers, Chairman, Sophron Foundation.


JACKIE ROBINSON MEDAL NASA astronaut Eileen Collins, a New York native, today received the state's highest award, the Jackie Robinson Empire State Freedom Medal, for her achievement as the first female Space Shuttle commander. Collins has "etched her mark on history by knocking down barriers," said New York Gov. George E. Pataki, who presented the award to Collins. "A bold pioneer of the reaches of space, her talent, intelligence and courage set an example that every woman and every man can hope to duplicate in their own lives." The Freedom Medal, established in 1997, is given annually to those who best demonstrate the qualities of determination, dignity, fairness and honor that were exemplified by Jackie Robinson, who broke major league baseball's color barrier. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Kirsten Williams (Phone 202/358-0243). Contact at NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX: Eileen Hawley (Phone: 281/483-5111). For full text, see:

---------If NASA issues any news releases later today, we will email summaries and Internet URLs to this list. Index of 1999 NASA News Releases:

********** Video File for Oct. 27, 1999 ITEM 1 - SPACE TRANSPORTATION DAY

NASA's future space transportation plans -- from next year's experimental rocket planes to the starships of the next millennium -- is the focus of Space Transportation Day '99 today, Oct. 27, at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, AL. During the one-day conference, sponsored by NASA's Lead Center for Space Transportation Systems Development, NASA officials will discuss the latest goals and programs aimed at opening space to greater commercialization and exploration. The conference will give government, industry, academia and interest groups a chance to review the status of both current projects, as well as future plans, and offer feedback. Contact at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL: June Malone (Phone 256/544-0034). For more information see: ITEM 1A - VIDEO INCLUDES: X-33 ANIMATION, X-34 ANIMATION, TRT 8:13 X-37 ANIMATION, MAGLEV ANIMATION ITEM 1B - INTERVIEW EXCERPTS: TRT :52

Dr. John Rogacki, Director, Space Transportation Directorate, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center

ITEM 2 - HUBBLE IDENTIFIES SOURCE OF ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT :33 IN AN OLD GALAXY (replay) Hubble Space Telescope's exquisite resolution has allowed astronomers to resolve, for the first time, hot blue stars deep inside an elliptical galaxy. The swarm of nearly 8,000 blue stars resembles a blizzard of snowflakes near the core (lower right) of the neighboring galaxy M32, located 2.5 million light-years away in the constellation Andromeda. Hubble confirms that the ultraviolet light comes from a population of extremely hot heliumburning stars at a late stage in their life. Unlike the Sun, which burns hydrogen into helium, these old stars exhausted their central hydrogen long ago, and now burn helium into heavier elements.


Contact at Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD: Ray Villard (Phone 410/338-4707). Contact at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD: Thomas Brown (Phone 301/286-5765). Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Donald Savage (Phone 202/358-1547). For further information see: High resolution digital versions (300 dpi JPEG and TIFF) are available at:

ITEM 3 - INSPECTION '99 PSAs (replay) TRT: one @ :10 & one @ :30 The following videos are public service announcements for NASA's Technology Showcase Inspection '99 at Johnson Space Center on November 3 - 5, 1999. Contact at NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX: Ed Campion (Phone 281/483-5111).

---------Unless otherwise noted, ALL TIMES ARE EASTERN. ANY CHANGES TO THE LINE-UP WILL APPEAR ON THE NASA VIDEO FILE ADVISORY ON THE WEB AT WE UPDATE THE ADVISORY THROUGHOUT THE DAY. The NASA Video File normally airs at noon, 3 p.m., 6 p.m., 9 p.m. and midnight Eastern Time. NASA Television is available on GE-2, transponder 9C at 85 degrees West longitude, with vertical polarization. Frequency is on 3880.0 megahertz, with audio on 6.8 megahertz.

Refer general questions about the video file to NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Ray Castillo, 202/358-4555, or Elvia Thompson, 202/358-1696, During Space Shuttle missions, the full NASA TV schedule will continue to be posted at: For general information about NASA TV see:

********** Contract Awards Contract awards are posted to the NASA Acquisition information Service Web site:

********** The NASA Daily News Summary is issued each business day at approximately 2 p.m. Eastern time. Members of the media who wish to subscribe or unsubscribe from this list, please send e-mail message to:

********** end of daily news summary