NASA Daily News Summary For Release: Nov.

2, 1999 Media Advisory m99-228

SUMMARY: No Press Releases Today Video File for Nov. 2, 1999 ITEM 1 - SEAWIFS/LANDSAT IMAGES SHOW DAMAGE FROM HURRICANE FLOYD - GSFC ITEM 2 - "PUNKIN CHUNKIN'" OVER LAKE ERIE- GRC ITEM 3 - NASA SELECTS MINIATURE SPACECRAFT TO TEST SPACE TECHNOLOGY - ANIMATION AND B-ROLL (replay - special request feed) ITEM 4 - NASA TECHNOLOGY SHOWCASE - JSC (replay) ITEM 5 - INSPECTION '99 PSAs - JSC (replay) Live Television Events This Week: November 4, Thursday 6:00 - 10:00 am - Land Mine Neutralizer Live Satellite Interviews - MSFC ***************************** If NASA issues any news releases later today, we will email summaries and Internet URLs to this list. Index of 1999 NASA News Releases:

***************************** Video File for Nov. 2, 1999 ITEM 1 - SEAWIFS/LANDSAT IMAGES SHOW DAMAGE FROM HURRICANE FLOYD - GSFC SYNOPSIS: Floyd¹s Carolina Floods: A Natural Disaster Becomes Research. Hurricane Floyd churned the coastal waterways of North Carolina like a spoon in a mixing bowl. Following Floyd, record breaking rains continued to soak the area, washing mountains of sediment and waste into the water system. Now rivers and tributaries along the Atlantic are choked, and major ecological changes are happening. Levels of dissolved oxygen in the water have dropped dramatically as organic matter decomposes, and aquatic life is threatened in dozens of estuaries and peripheral habitats. For people who make their home in the region, the flood that began with Floyd was just the beginning. As illustrated in the following images, the changes to the area since the rainy season began will have lasting repercussions for hundreds of thousands of people. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: David E. Steitz (Phone 202/358-1730). Contact at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD: Allen Kenitzer (Phone 301/286-2806). ITEM 1a - SEDIMENTATION ALONG THE COAST: SEAWiFS SEAWiFS Image sequence chronology-- The Sea Viewing Wide Field of View Sensor, or SEAWiFS, instrument took the following sequence of images over a period of weeks in late summer and early fall. The sequence begins prior to the storm season. The mass of clouds that appears is Hurricane Floyd, grinding into the Carolina coast. Following Floyd, notice how the images show dramatic changes of color in the waterways as they flow toward the ocean. This is particularly visible around Cape Hatteras; the dark mass of water there is sediment trapped by the barrier islands. SEAWiFS is designed to look at ocean color specifically. In the case of these changes to the coast of North Carolina, the instrument is TRT :32

particularly useful in detecting system-wide changes to the environment. Data sequence: Hurricane Floyd - Sept. 16 The Day After Floyd - Sept. 17 Early Flooding - Sept. 23 Late Flooding/Sedimentation - Oct. 26 ITEM 1b - SEDIMENTATION ALONG THE COAST: LANDSAT From space, Landsat 7 captures the massive flow of sedimentation and waste runoff in the area most affected by flooding. Notice the dark coloration in the engorged waterways, indicating heavy concentrations of organic material that has been washed into the water system. ITEM 1c - PAMLICO RIVER AND FLOODING: LANDSAT In the following image, notice how the Pamlico River swells far past its banks due to heavy rains. The sequence starts with an image prior to the flood taken on July 7, 1999. The second image from Sept. 23, is following Hurricanes Floyd and Irene. ITEM 1d - B-ROLL TRT :27 TRT :38 TRT :46

Oceanographer Gene Feldman works with SeaWiFS data. ITEM 1e - Interview excerpts Gene Feldman Oceanographer, SEAWiFS ITEM 1f - SeaWiFS INSTRUMENT (animation) TRT :17 TRT 3:08

SeaWiFS is a scientific portion of the SeaStar satellite, orbiting the Earth at an altitude of 438 miles. By providing a regular picture of the planet¹s color, SeaWiFS helps researchers learn about the state of the world¹s interconnected ecosystems. SeaStar blasted into space on Aug. 1, 1997, lifted by an extended Pegasus rocket. SeaWiFS is considered a low-cost mission, many orders of

magnitude less expensive than earlier Earth-observing instruments. One of its great assets is its full-time dedication to one particular aspect of study, in this case, ocean color. By exclusively focusing on one point of study, the SeaWiFS project team has been able to concentrate its research into discreet, highly defined areas of study. Further, the full-time focus on one area of data collection has presented certain topical questions that until now had never been asked. ITEM 1g - LANDSAT INSTRUMENT (animation) TRT :20

The Landsat data used for this image comes from Landsat 7. From an altitude of 438 miles, Landsat 7 can see surface features as small as 49 feet (15 meters), providing worldwide land resource information for a diverse range of uses. The satellite is part of a global research effort called the Earth Science Enterprise, which seeks to acquire a long-term understanding of changes to our planet. Landsat 7 is the final in a series of satellites. It roared into orbit aboard a Boeing Delta II rocket, launched on April 15, 1999, from Vandenburg AFB, CA. Managed and developed by NASA¹s Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, Lockheed Martin constructed Landsat 7 in Valley Forge, PA. Data is available to researchers through a browsable internet interface and can be delivered at a relatively low cost to users. NASA launched the first Landsat spacecraft on July 23, 1972.

ITEM 2 - "PUNKIN CHUNKIN'" OVER LAKE ERIE- GRC NASA scientists teach students real science in a fun environment. Contact at NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH: Lori Rachul (Phone 216/433-8806). ITEM 2a - PUMPKIN LAUNCH TRT 3:06

B-Roll shows students and instructors from Polaris Career Center, Middleburg Heights, OH, setting up for a practice run of their "Pumpkin Eater" in preparation for the 1999 "Punkin Chunkin' World Championship" Nov. 6 & 7 in Millsboro, DE. Polaris instructors consulted with engineers from the Ballistics Impact Lab at NASA¹s Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH, to improve the performance

of their pneumatic cannon. Jack-O-Lanterns went flying on Halloween as the team launched a few test shots over Lake Erie to measure distance. Video Courtesy NASA ITEM 2b - Ballistics Lab TRT :30

Footage shows the Ballistic Impact Lab at NASA¹s Glenn Research CenterEngineers conduct fan containment and blade-out tests. Video Courtesy NASA ITEM 2c - INTERVIEW EXCERPTS TRT 1:30

Duane Revilock, Aerospace Engineer, NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio ITEM 2d - INTERVIEW EXCERPTS TRT :47

Tom Angelici, Instructor, Polaris Career Center, Middleburg Heights, OH. ITEM 2e - INTERVIEW EXCERPTS TRT :43

Herb Baker, Instructor, Polaris Career Center, Middleburg Heights, OH.

ITEM 3 - NASA SELECTS MINIATURE SPACECRAFT TO TEST SPACE TECHNOLOGY - ANIMATION & B-ROLL (replay - special request feed) Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Donald Savage (Phone 202/358-1547). Contact at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD: Jim Sahli (Phone 301/286-0697). ITEM 3a - MINIATURE SPACECRAFT TO TEST SPACE TRT: :25

TECHNOLOGY (ANIMATION) NASA plans to use very small satellites called Nanosats to test new space technology. The Nanosat category of spacecraft weighs approximately 10Kg. These satellites can dramatically decrease weight, size and costs of missions while increasing their science capabilities. ITEM 3b - MINIATURE SPACECRAFT TO TEST SPACE TECHNOLOGY (ANIMATION) Future missions could deploy hundreds of Nanosats from a single launch. These missions could help us better understand the subtle nuances in Earth's magnetosphere. ITEM 3c - B-ROLL TRT: :60 TRT: 2:03

B-roll of a full-scale model of one three very small satellites, called the Nanosat Constellation Trailblazer mission, part of NASA's latest New Millennium mission. They're each about the size of a large birthday cake, weigh about as much as a desktop computer, and are smart enough to fly in formation far from the Earth while they test new technologies. The mission will validate methods of operating several spacecraft as a system, and test eight technologies in the harsh space environment near the boundary of Earth's protective magnetic field, or magnetosphere.

ITEM 4 - NASA TECHNOLOGY SHOWCASE - JSC (replay) Technology Demonstrations Contact at NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX: Newsroom Staff (Phone 281/483-5111). ITEM 4a - INSPECTION DAY VIDEO TRT 1:35

Footage from previous inspection days at the Johnson Space Center. ITEM 4b - ENDOCARIOGRAPHY LAB TRT :44

Footage from the Endocardiography lab at Texas Children¹s Hospital ITEM 4c - MICROENCAPSULATION DEVICE TRT 1:33

Footage of the Microencapsulation Device, about which Dr. Dennis Morrison explains. ITEM 4d - INTERVIEW EXCERPTS Bernt Jellesoe, President, Unitech International ITEM 4e - INTERVIEW EXCERPTS TRT 1:20 TRT 1:01

Dr. Tim Bricker, Chief of Service, Texas Children¹s Hospital ITEM 4f - INTERVIEW EXCERPTS TRT 1:15

Dr. Dennis Morrison, Principal Researcher, NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX

ITEM 5 - INSPECTION '99 PSAs - JSC (replay) The following videos are public service announcements for NASA's Technology Showcase Inspection '99 at Johnson Space Center on November 3 - 5, 1999. Contact at NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX: Ed Campion (Phone 281/483-5111).


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