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CHOICE # ______
TOPIC: _________________________

Prepare background information about the topic.
Include definitions, statistics, examples, narrations (whichever necessary).
You may copy this from a reliable source, provided PROPER CITATION FOLLOWING CORRECT
citation format for books: Author (date). Title of the Book. Place of Publication: Publisher.
EX. Dalisay, Ricardo (2009). Fundamentals of Economics. Manila: Rex Bookstore.
de Lima, Laila and Digong Duterte (2010). On Political Dynasties. Cambridge: Oxford
Robredo, Leni (2014). Communication Arts Basics. San Francisco: Anvil
citation format for articles: Author. "Title of the Article," Title of the Journal vol.___ no.____
(date of issuance), page numbers.
EX. Dalisay, Ricardo. "On Extra-judicial Killings," Economics Review vol 8 no. 3 (August
2005) , pp. 27-34.
de Lima, Laila and Digong Duterte. "Filipino Political Dynasties," Education Journal vol.
7 no. 2 (February 2014), pp. 123-126.
Robredo, Leni (2014). "How to Overcome Stage Fright," Communication Arts
Review vol. 10 no. 5 (April 2011), pp. 89-95.


This paper aims to: This paper attempts to answer the following:
1. 1.
2. 2.
3. 3.

The research aims must be stated as active verbs like discuss, define, explain, elaborate,
The research aims must correspond to the research questions.
There is no limit to the number of research aims and research questions.


Include at least ten (10) books or articles related to your topic.

Follow the given citation formats above.
Do not include reference books and websites, only books and articles.
Alphabetize using the last names of author as basis.

Encode on ordinary short bond papers.

1 inch margin on all sides.
Use Arial or Times New Roman font size 11 for main text and font size 12 for headings.
1.5 spacing
Make 3 topic proposals, one of which I approve.

DEADLINE: September 15
TOPIC: Poverty

This qualitative study investigated the psychological experience of poverty among 2 groups of
Filipinos who were interviewed about the effects of being raised poor, 12 who became rich, and 13
who remained poor. Using constructivist and critical theories as research paradigms and grounded
theory as methodology, the results of the study illustrated perceived causes, coping mechanisms,
and cultural factors. Surprisingly, both groups were very similar in their experiences of not having
basic needs met, of negative emotions, and of generally attributing their poverty to familial
circumstances. The ways of coping with poverty, such as receiving and giving assistance and
imploring God for help, and the cultural features of perseverance ( pagpupunyagi) and reliance on
others ( pakikipagkapwa) were similarly influential in both groups. Because the main difference
between both groups is the occurrence of chance events that provided access to education and
opportunities to emigrate for those who have become rich, the oppressive structures of a society
that perpetuate poverty are discussed. In developing countries such as the Philippines, the
psychological experience of poverty is characterized by the impossibility of upward mobility.

Tuason, Ma (2008/04/01). Those Who Were Born Poor: A Qualitative Study of Philippine Poverty.
Journal of Counseling Psychology


This paper aims to: This paper attempts to answer the following:
1. Discuss the effect of poverty in our country. 1.
2. 2.
3. 3.

1. . Aldaba, fernando T.; Carmela D. Ortigas and Mary Racelis (2016). Overcoming poverty : multi-
disciplinary perspectives : principles and practices. Quezon City : C & E Publishing

2. Ashurst, Francesca (2014). Inequality, poverty, education : a political economy of school

exclusion. Basingstoke, Hampshire ; New York : Palgrave Macmillan

3. Hulme, David (2015). Global poverty : global governance and poor people in the post-2015 era.
Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY : Routledge

4. Lanier, Anderson R. (2015). The Poverty of conceptual truth : Kant's analytic / synthetic
distinction and the limits of metaphysics. Info. New York, NY : Oxford University Press

5. Ortigas, Carmela D. (2000). Poverty revisited. Manila: Ateneo de Manila University Press
Bellarmine Hall, Katipunan Avenue Loyola Heights, Quezon City P.O. Box 154, 1099 Manila,

6. Polak, Paul (2013). The business solution to poverty : designing products and services for three
billion new customers. San Francisco : Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc.
7. Pratesi, Monica (2016). Analysis of poverty data by small area estimation. Chichester, West
Sussex, United Kingdom

8. Raluto, Reynaldo D (2015). Poverty and ecology at the crossroads : towards an ecological
theology of liberation in the Philippine context. Quezon City : Ateneo de Manila University Press

9. Wages, Michele (1965). Culture, poverty, and education : what's happening in today's schools?
Lanham : Rowman & Littlefield

10. Wisor, Scott (1981). The ethics of global poverty : an introduction. London: New York, NY :
Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group, [2017]
Choice# 2
Topic: Global Warming

A new paradigm for planning under conditions of deep uncertainty has emerged in the
literature. According to this paradigm, a planner should create a strategic vision of the future,
commit to short-term actions, and establish a framework to guide future actions. A plan that
embodies these ideas allows for its dynamic adaptation over time to meet changing
circumstances. We propose a method for decisionmaking under uncertain global and regional
changes called 'Dynamic Adaptive Policy Pathways'. We base our approach on two
complementary approaches for designing adaptive plans: 'Adaptive Policymaking' and
'Adaptation Pathways'. Adaptive Policymaking is a theoretical approach describing a planning
process with different types of actions (e.g. 'mitigating actions' and 'hedging actions') and
signposts to monitor to see if adaptation is needed. In contrast, Adaptation Pathways provides
an analytical approach for exploring and sequencing a set of possible actions based on
alternative external developments over time. We illustrate the Dynamic Adaptive Policy
Pathways approach by producing an adaptive plan for long-term water management of the
Rhine Delta in the Netherlands that takes into account the deep uncertainties about the future
arising from social, political, technological, economic, and climate changes. The results suggest
that it is worthwhile to further test and use the approach.
Dynamic adaptive policy pathways: A method for crafting robust decisions for a deeply
uncertain world. Volume 23, Issue 2, April 2013, Pages 485-498


This paper aims to: This paper attempts to answer the following:
1. Bring all disciplines together for local/global 1.
solutions to combat global warming and its 2.
consequences. 3.


Miller, D. A. (2013). Global Warming; Current Controversies; Greenhaven Press: Detroit,

Tesar, J. E. (1991) Global Warming; Our Fragile Planet; Facts on File: New York

Parks, P. J.; Thomson Gale (Firm) (2004) Global Warming; Lucent Library of Science and
Technology; Lucent Books: San Diego, Calif.

Gore, A (2007). An Inconvenient Truth : The Crisis of Global Warming, Rev. ed.; Viking: New York

Maslin, M. (2004) Global Warming : A Very Short Introduction; Very Short Introductions, 118;
Oxford University Press: Oxford

Paterson, M.(1996) Global Warming and Global Politics; Environmental Politics; Routledge:
Woodburn, J.(1992) The Threat of Global Warming; Environment Alert!; Gareth Stevens:

Spence, C. (2005). Global Warming : Personal Solutions for a Healthy Planet; Palgrave Macmillan:
New York,

Pearson, C. S. (2011) Economics and the Challenge of Global Warming; Cambridge University
Press: New York

Haddow, G. D.; Bullock, J. A.; Haddow, K. (2009). Global Warming, Natural Hazards, and
Emergency Management; CRC Press: Boca Raton
Choice# 3
Topic: Depression

Depression is a mental disorder, with different classifications which have as main symptoms,
persistent sadness, lack of interest, lack of pleasure, swings between feelings of guilt and low self-
esteem, sleep disorders and appetite. It is known that hormonal changes can lead to significant
emotional changes and vice versa, due to changes in the central nervous system, action of hormones
on specific receptors or by metabolic changes, therefore, the endocrine disorders become one of the
possible causes of depression. This work is a study of the major hormones associated with
depression. It was drawn from a literature review, in which corticotrophin hormone, cortisol,
estrogen, progesterone and thyroid hormones were identified as the main hormones related to
depression. These hormones are essential for the correct functioning of the metabolism, therefore,
it is observed that hormonal changes may contribute to the development of depression as well as
aggravate it or even hamper the treatment of patients who already have the disorder.

Sources:Neiane de Souza Duarte, Lucas Maciel de Almeida Corra, Larissa Rodrigues Assuno,
Arthur Aguiar de Menezes, Onssis Boeri de Castro, Leda Fabilen Teixeira (2017). Relation
between Depression and Hormonal Dysregulation. Department of Medicine at Faculdades
Integradas Aparcio CarvalhoFIMCA, Porto Velho, Rondnia, Brazil.