Table of Contents

Introduction.......................................................................................... y .. 2 3 4 5 5 . . .. . . .. .. .. 6 7 8 10 12 12 13 14 15 .. .. .. . ..
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Physiology.........................................................................................
o Senses o Reproduction o Coat Colors o Metabolism o Genetics o Feeding and diet o Toxic Sensitivity .. ..

y

Behavior
o Sociability o Cohabitation o Fighting o Play o Hunting o Reproduction o Hygiene o Scratching o Fondness of Heights

16 17 18 19 19 20

y

Etymology and Taxonomic History
o Scientific Classification o Nomenclature o Etymology

.

20 21

. .. . . .

21 22 23 24 25

y

History and Mythology
o Nine Lives

Conclusion Bibliography

Page 1

Introduction

The Cat, also known as the Domestic Cat or House Cat to distinguish it from other felines, is a small carnivorous species of crepuscular mammal that is often valued by humans for its companionship and its ability to hunt vermin. It has been associated with humans for at least 9,500 years.

A skilled predator, the cat is known to hunt over 1,000 species for food. It is intelligent and can be trained to obey simple commands. Individual cats have also been known to learn on their own to manipulate simple mechanisms, such as doorknobs. Cats use a variety of vocalizations and types of body language for communication, including meowing, purring, hissing, growling, squeaking, chirping, clicking, and grunting. Cats are popular pets and are also bred and shown as registered pedigree pets. This hobby is known as the "Cat Fancy".

Until recently the cat was commonly believed to have been domesticated in ancient Egypt, where it was a cult animal. But a study by the National Cancer Institute published in the journal Science says that all house cats are descended from a group of self-domesticating desert wildcats circa 10,000 years ago, in the Near East. All wildcat subspecies can interbreed, but domestic cats are all genetically contained within wildcats.

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and climbing. The cat's claws are designed for catching and holding prey. its skeleton contains more than 230 bones (the human skeleton. The cat's great leaping ability and speed are due in part to its powerful musculature. Page 3 . and the scent glands on its paw pads leave a scent mark. The cat marks its territory by scratching and scenting trees or other objects. not for chewing. and are extended for fighting. Its tail provides balance when jumping or falling. its claws leave visible scratch marks. although much larger. hooked. The sharp. and its pelvis and shoulders are more loosely attached to its spine than in most other quadrupeds. contains 206 bones). Its powerful jaw muscles and sharp teeth enable the cat to deliver a killing bite to its prey. retractile claws are sheathed in a soft.The Cat Physiology The body of a domestic cat is extremely flexible. hunting. The cat's teeth are designed for biting. leathery pocket at the end of each toe.

The cat's daylight vision is not as good as that of humans. The cat's tongue is covered with rough protuberances. Many of the social signals of domestic cats take the form of scents. which plays a vital role in finding food and in reproduction. Page 4 . but is extremely sensitive to slight variations in the taste of water. It also uses its tongue to groom itself. and binocular vision. and are thought to see only a limited range of colors. The cat's sense of taste is peculiarly specialized: it has little ability to detect sweetness. male cats can apparently smell a female cat that is receptive to male cats from a distance of hundreds of meters or yards. The cat has a highly developed sense of smell. cats see movement much more easily than detail. including those in the ultrasonic range. The cat can turn its ears to focus on different sounds. which enables it to accurately judge distances. Its ears are less sensitive to lower frequencies. that it uses to rasp meat from bones. for example. extensive peripheral vision. or papillae. It can hear a wide range of sounds. especially at night. which may explain why some domestic cats are more responsive to female voices than to male voices.Senses The cat's vision is exceptionally well adapted for hunting. The cat's hearing is extremely sensitive. It has excellent night vision.

the average litter consists of 4 kittens. a cat may feel its way by using its whiskers. These pigments may be combined with each other or with white (the absence of pigment). are extremely sensitive to the slightest touch. for example. during estrus. A single gene. Kittens are born blind. The gestation period of the cat is about 65 days. and attractive to. A sexually mature female cat goes into heat. she is both receptive to. male cats. a color that provides excellent camouflage in a variety of environments. several times a year. determines whether a cat's coat contains black or orange Page 5 . Their eyes open at 8 to 10 days of age. black and orange. or estrus. deaf. form the basis for all coat colors in the modern domestic cat.The cat's whiskers. In extremely dim light. or vibrissae. and they begin to be weaned about 6 weeks after birth. and helpless. Coat Colors The domestic cat's original coat color was probably grayish-brown with darker tabby stripes. and are used for testing obstacles and sensing changes in the environment. Two pigments. an orange coat is the result of a gene that transforms black pigment to orange. Reproduction The domestic cat usually reaches puberty at around nine or ten months of age. and a solid white coat is the result of a gene that completely suppresses all formation of pigment. All other coat colors and patterns are the result of genetic mutations. the O (Orange) gene. solid coat colors such as black and blue are the result of a gene that suppresses tabby stripes.

The daily duration of sleep varies. The O gene can be thought of as a switch that is either on (orange) or off (black).8 °C (98. cats are often known to enter a period of increased activity and playfulness during the evening and early morning. The temperament of a cat can vary depending on the breed and socialization. The gene is located on the X chromosome. Metabolism Cats conserve energy by sleeping more than most animals. dubbed the "evening crazies". A cat is considered febrile (hyperthermic) if it has a temperature of 39. so its inheritance is sex-linked. "elevenses" or "mad half-hour" by some. The term cat nap refers to the cat's ability to fall asleep (lightly) for a brief period and has entered the English lexicon off for a few minutes is said to be "taking a cat nap". humans have a normal temperature of approximately 36. For comparison. while cats that have a "cobby" body type tend to be heavier and less active. Some cats can sleep as much as 20 hours in a 24-hour period. usually 12 16 hours. Cats with "oriental" body types tend to be thinner and more active.5 °C (100 °F). someone who nods Due to their crepuscular nature.6 °F). A domestic cat's normal heart rate ranges from 140 to 220 Page 6 .2 °F). The normal body temperature of a cat is between 38 and 39 °C (101 and 102. with 13 14 being the average. "night crazies". especially as they grow older.pigment. or hypothermic if less than 37.5 °C (103 °F) or greater.

leading to some people rejecting blue-eyed white cats as pets. It is a common misconception that all white cats with blue eyes are deaf. The Cat Genome Project. white cats with blue eyes do have slightly higher incidences of genetic deafness than white cats of other eye colors. This is not true. The combination of them gives different phenotypes. about twice that of a human. sponsored by the Laboratory of Genomic Diversity at the U. comparative research initiatives within the family Felidae. Specific metabolic defects have been identified underlying many of these feline diseases. Genetics The domesticated cat and its closest wild ancestor both possess 38 chromosomes. Page 7 . For a cat at rest. focuses on the development of the cat as an animal model for human hereditary disease. in which over 200 heritable genetic defects have been identified. There are several genes responsible for the hair color identified. and forensic potential.S. and is largely dependent on how excited the cat is. However.beats per minute. genome evolution. as there are many blue-eyed cats with perfect hearing. National Cancer Institute Frederick Cancer Research and Development Center in Frederick. infectious disease. lack of tail or presence of a very short tail (bobtail cat) are also determined by single alleles and modified by polygenes. many homologous to human inborn errors. the average heart rate should be between 150 and 180 bpm. Features like hair length. Maryland.

predominantly because their physiology is geared toward efficient processing of meat. and lacks efficient processes for digesting plant matter. shrubs. and absorb plant-derived nutrients. Feeding and diet Cats are classified as obligate carnivores.All felines. eventually causing irreversible blindness. Similarly as with its teeth. or other plant matter anyway. having shortened in length only to those segments of intestine best able to break down proteins and fats from animal flesh. In this context. For example. Despite the cat's meat-oriented physiology. including the big cats. Taurine deficiency can cause a condition called macular degeneration wherein the cat's retina slowly degenerates. the leaves of the Easter lily can cause permanent and life-threatening kidney damage to cats and Page 8 . as well as certain fatty acids. For example. One theory suggests this behavior helps cats regurgitate if their digestion is upset. caution is recommended for cat owners because some houseplants are harmful to cats. berries. The trait severely limits the cat's ability properly to digest. another is that it introduces fiber or trace minerals into the diet. which is a likely factor for their usual indifference to or avoidance of fruits. it is still quite common for a cat to supplement its carnivorous diet with small amounts of grass. It is a key amino sulfonic acid for eye health in cats. a cat's digestive tract has become specialized over time to suit meat eating. have a genetic anomaly that may prevent them from tasting sweetness. leaves. houseplants. metabolize. taurine is scarce in plants but abundant in meats. and other sugary foods.

Philodendron are also poisonous to cats. in which case the cat will reject any food that does not fit the pattern it is expecting. cats can voluntarily starve themselves indefinitely despite being presented with palatable food. A not supplemented vegetarian diet cannot meet a cat's dietary requirements. will often lead to the cat becoming obese. However. Additionally. Cats normally are good self-regulators of diet. a diet consisting only of human food (even if high quality meat) is unlikely to contain the balanced nutrition required by the cat. Such health conditions can be prevented through diet and exercise (playing). even a food which they had previously readily consumed. especially for cats living exclusively indoors. cats have been known to develop a fondness for prepared human foods. or if the cats are spoiled by their owners. unlimited access to food. such as diabetes. Nevertheless. however. It is also known for cats to merely become bored with their given food and decide to stop eating Page 9 . The Cat Fanciers' Association has a full list of plants harmful to cats. Unlike most mammals. there are several vegetarian or vegan commercially-available cat foods supplemented with chemically-synthesized taurine and other added nutrients that attempt to address nutritional shortfalls. Cats can be selective eaters (which may be due in some way to the aforementioned mutation which caused their species to lose sugar-tasting ability). This may lead to several health complications. This can happen when the vomeronasal or Jacobson's organ becomes accustomed to a specific food. normally such entrees which are rich in proteins or fats. especially in neutered males. or excessive human-food 'treats'. particularly if it is older or more sedentary.

Although it is extremely rare for a cat to deliberately starve itself to the point of injury. Toxic Sensitivity The liver of a cat is less effective at detoxification than those of other animals. After two hours or less. In general. in addition. but can be fatal or require surgical removal if a large amount of foreign material is ingested (for example. Several other species of plants (such as mint and valerian) cause this effect. which can lead to death within as little as 48 hours. including humans and dogs. therefore exposure to many common substances considered safe for households may be dangerous to them. The effect is usually relatively short. lasting for only a few minutes. Oriental. It tends to occur more often in Burmese. a liver dysfunction which causes pathological loss of appetite and reinforces the starvation. they will often roll in it. susceptible cats gain interest again. plastic or wool. the cat's environment should be examined for the presence of such toxins and the problem corrected or alleviated as much as possible. where sudden or prolonged serious illness without obvious cause is observed. the Page 10 . this is mostly harmless as they do not digest most of it. to a lesser degree. Siamese and breeds with these in their ancestry. paw at it. Cats can also develop pica.until they are tempted into eating again. In cats. which is sensed by their olfactory systems. and occasionally chew on it. the sudden loss of weight can cause a fatal condition called hepatic lipidosis. While they generally do not consume it. an entire sock). Pica is a condition in which animals chew or eat unusual things such as fabric. Some cats have a fondness for catnip.

which. Similarly. Many human foods are somewhat toxic to cats. because they naturally lack enzymes needed to digest it.[28][29] In addition to such obvious dangers as insecticides and weed killers. either accidental or by well-meaning owners attempting to counter loss of fur.possibility of toxicity must be considered. is much more toxic to them than to humans and must be administered cautiously. have been sometimes seen to be fatal. although they are widely used without problem. hexachlorophene. which is sometimes used to treat arthritis in cats. sold under brand names such as Tylenol and Panadol. as well as phenol based products often used for cleaning and disinfecting near cats' feeding areas or litter boxes. although few cats will eat chocolate. even minute portions of doses safe for humans can be fatal and any suspected ingestion warrants immediate veterinary attention. Dettol (Lysol). theobromine in chocolate can cause theobromine poisoning. the common painkiller paracetamol or acetaminophen.[30] Ethylene glycol. Even aspirin. and the veterinarian informed of any such substances to which the cat may have had access. etc. For instance. for instance. Even such seemingly safe items as cat food packaged in pull tab tin cans have been statistically linked to Page 11 . Toxicity in cats ingesting relatively large amounts of onions or garlic has also been reported. is particularly appealing to cats. and as little as a teaspoonful can be fatal. often used as automotive antifreeze. other common household substances that should be used with caution in areas where cats may be exposed to them include mothballs and other naphthalene products. application of minoxidil (Rogaine) to the skin of cats. such as Pine-Sol. is extremely toxic to cats. has sometimes proved fatal.

although the connection is far from proved. ethologically. cats included and the consumption of such plants by cats is to be avoided. suspicion has fallen on the use of bisphenol A-based plastics. the human keeper of a cat functions as a sort of surrogate for the cat's mother. but it is certain that the cat thinks of humans differently than it does of cats (i. It has been suggested that. Behavior Sociability For cats. a form of behavioral neoteny.hyperthyroidism. Page 12 . nor that humans are cats).e. when compared to how it communicates with other cats in the household. for example. The sort of social relationship cats have with their human keepers is hard to map onto more generalized wild cat behavior.. This can be seen in the difference in body and vocal language it uses with humans. Many houseplants are at least somewhat toxic to many species. life in close proximity with humans (and other animals kept by humans as pets) amounts to a "symbiotic social adaptation" which has developed over thousands of years. to seal such cans. another phenol based product as discussed above. and that adult domestic cats live their lives in a kind of extended kittenhood. it does not think of itself as human.

Ocicat and Manx are known to be very social by instinct. cats do not have a social survival strategy. finding food. at first by staring. Each cat in a colony holds a distinct territory. Cohabitation One way that it is possible to see how house cats are naturally meant to behave is to observe feral domestic cats. this type of behavior is known as Feline Asocial Aggression. Outside these neutral areas. and growling.. they do not hunt in groups as Page 13 . hissing. and neutered cats having the smallest.g. territory holders usually aggressively chase away stranger cats. especially if they imprint on them at a very young age and are treated with consistent affection. which may include biting and scratching. poorly socialized cats can become more social over time. and thus cats are always lone hunters. or a pack mentality. and if that does not work. Ragdoll. Yet with proper training and reinforcement of positive social behavior. Despite cohabitation in colonies. This mainly means that an individual cat takes care of all basic needs on its own (e.Cats may express affection towards their human companions. Regardless of the average sociability of any given cat or of cats in general. Some breeds like the Bengal. Older cats have also been reported to sometimes develop aggressiveness towards kittens. there are still any number of cats who meet or exceed the negative feline stereotype insofar as being poorly socialized. and defending itself). which are social enough to form colonies. with sexually active males having the largest territories. Between these territories are neutral areas where cats watch and greet one another without territorial conflicts. Pixie-Bob. by short but noisy and violent attacks.

and perhaps the ears. In addition. appears to be a natural deodorant. reproduction. though these have been known to sometimes kill cats if untreated. thus increasing their apparent size. Cats also behave this way while playing. By contrast. and often have decidedly battered faces with obvious scars and Page 14 . serious negative effects will be limited to possible infections of the scratches and bites. a cat's cleanliness would aid in decreasing the chance a prey animal could notice the cat's presence.dogs or lions do. for a dog is a pack hunter. Thus. Normally. part of the pack stations itself upwind. expended during their frequent grooming.) Fighting When engaged in feline-to-feline combat for self-defense. (Of further note in this context is that it is no coincidence how cats frequently tongue bathe themselves: the chemistry of their saliva. and its odor drives prey towards the rest of the pack stationed downwind. which in turn requires communications skills. Cats will also throw themselves to the ground in a defensive posture to rake with their powerful hind legs. usually the loser runs away with little more than a few scratches to the face. Attacks usually comprise powerful slaps to the face and body with the forepaws as well as bites. No such communications skills are required of a lone hunter. but serious damage is rare. Sexually active males will usually be in many fights during their lives. territory. or dominance. This requires a cooperative effort. dog odor is an advantage in hunting. fighting cats make themselves appear more impressive and threatening by raising their fur and arching their backs. such fighting is believed to be the primary route of transmission of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV).

preceding the availability of consumer laser pointers.cuts to the ears and nose. A regular flashlight with a well-focused light spot has been commonly used in such play for decades. causing illness. are known for their love of play. however. this can lead to serious scratches and occasionally even bites. or in extreme cases. Humans "wrestling" with a supine cat. and the combination of precision needed and low energy involved make it a remote risk. which some cats will chase. Not only males will fight. which show kittens or cats playing with balls of yarn. especially young kittens. While caution is called for. If string is ingested. and even neutered cats will defend their (smaller) territories aggressively. with each other and with human partners. capture and kill prey. string play is sometimes replaced with a laser pointer's dot. Cats will also engage in play fighting. or a piece of rope drawn randomly and enticingly across the floor. however. should be wary: if the cat is over stimulated or startled it may decide that the play has turned serious and cease to pull its punches. Many cats cannot resist a dangling piece of string. A common compromise is to use the laser pointer to draw the cat to a prepositioned toy so the cat gets a reward at the end of the chase. there are no documented cases of feline eye damage from a laser pointer. females will also fight over territory or to defend their kittens. it can become caught in the cat s stomach or intestines. It is probably related to hunting instincts. Due to possible complications caused by ingesting a string. Page 15 . Play Domestic cats. including the common practice of kittens hunting their mother's and each other's tails. This behavior mimics hunting and is important in helping kittens learn to stalk. This well known love of string is often depicted in cartoons and photographs. death.

Domestic felines ambush or pounce upon and immobilize vertebrate prey using tactics similar to those of leopards and tigers. Ethologist Paul Leyhausen proposed that cats adopt humans into their social group. Much like their big cat relatives. and share excess kill with others in the group according to the local pecking order. domestic and feral cats are very effective predators.or herself. a cat delivers a lethal neck bite with its long canine teeth that either severs the prey's spinal cord. such as watches.Hunting Cats have evolved to be carnivores and are highly specialized for hunting. Indoor cats will often retain their hunting instinct and deliver small household items to their owners. in which humans are placed at or near the top. After depositing the item. Having overpowered such prey. or asphyxiates the prey by crushing its trachea. causes fatal bleeding by puncturing the carotid artery or the jugular vein. and other objects they can carry in their mouths. watching the behavior of cats presenting their catches. One poorly-understood element of cat hunting behavior is the presentation of killed prey to human owners. they will meow to gain the attention of their owners. Page 16 . Their style of hunting uses short bursts of intense exercise punctuating long periods of rest. it is also possible to come to the conclusion that the animal has simply decided its owner is too stupid to hunt for him. Another possibility is that presenting the kill might be a relic of a kitten's behavior of demonstrating for its mother's approval that it has developed the necessary skill for hunting. pens. pencils.

The males will fight over her. A heat period lasts about 4 to 7 days if the female is bred. the spines rake the walls of the female's vagina. the cycle will repeat. and cats normally reach sexual maturity at 4 10 months (females) and to 5 7 months (males). the female will reject the male. which may cause ovulation. the heat period lasts longer. Once the female is done grooming. the female will give herself a thorough wash. Multiple males will be attracted to a female in heat. After mating. if she is not. that is. and the victor wins the right to mate. Upon withdrawal of the penis. females are rarely impregnated by the first male with which they mate. The size of a litter averages three to five kittens. Page 17 . the female will attack him. meaning different kittens in a litter may have different fathers. The female will give a loud yowl as the male pulls out of her. Because this does not always occur. The male cat's penis has spines which point backwards. Furthermore. a female may mate with more than one male when she is in heat. but eventually the female will allow the male to mate. At first. with the first litter usually smaller than subsequent litters.Reproduction Cats are seasonally polyestrous. The gestation period for cats is approximately 63 65 days. which means they may have many periods of heat over the course of a year. Kittens are weaned at between six and seven weeks. cats are superfecund. If a male attempts to breed with her at this point.

Hairballs can be prevented with certain cat foods and remedies that ease elimination of the hair and regular grooming of the coat with a comb or stiff brush. Sometimes the act of grooming another cat is initiated as an assertion of superior position in the pecking order of a group (dominance grooming). This surgery also prevents undesirable sex-related behavior. Page 18 . their saliva is a powerful cleaning agent and deodorant. then the behavior may persist. Cats can be surgically sterilized (spayed or castrated) as early as 6 8 weeks to limit unwanted reproduction.Cats are ready to go to new homes at about 12 weeks old (the recommended minimum age by Fédération Internationale Féline). They groom themselves by licking their fur. Many cats also enjoy grooming humans or other cats. If a cat is neutered after such behavior has been learned. Cats expend nearly as much fluid grooming as they do urinating. such as territory marking (spraying urine) in males and yowling (calling) in females. however. Hygiene Cats are known for their fastidious cleanliness. employing their hooked papillae and saliva. or when they are ready to leave their mother. Some cats occasionally regurgitate hair balls of fur that have collected in their stomachs as a result of their grooming. As mentioned. Longhaired cats are more prone to this than shorthaired cats.

The height required for this to occur in most cats (safely) is around 3 feet (90 cm). the most common being that height gives the cat a better observation point. despite the total lack of results. Height. and that scratching is effectively a part of marking territory. as does a leopard. It always rights itself in the same way. in order to clean the claws and remove the worn outer sheath as well as exercise and stretch their muscles. a cat can reflexively twist its body and right itself using its acute sense of balance and flexibility. This scratching behavior seems enjoyable to the cat. Some researchers believe this is due to scent glands located in their pads. During a fall from a high place. Fondness for heights Most breeds of cat have a noted fondness for settling in high places. a higher place may serve as a concealed site from which to hunt. Cats without a tail also have this ability. In the wild.Scratching Cats are naturally driven to periodically hook their front claws into suitable surfaces and pull backwards. Animal behaviorists have posited a number of explanations. therefore. Page 19 . can also give cats a sense of security and prestige. provided it has the time to do so. This is known as the cat's "righting reflex". allowing it to survey its "territory" and become aware of activities of people and other pets in the area. during a fall. or perching. and even declawed cats will go through elaborate scratching routines with every evidence of great satisfaction. domestic cats are known to strike prey by pouncing from such a perch as a tree branch.

March 31. silvestris for the Wildcat and F.since a cat mostly moves its hind legs and relies on conservation of angular momentum to set up for landing. are often seen. to avoid "high-rise syndrome". and its variants Felis catus domesticus and Felis silvestris domesticus. thus confirming F. Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben classified the domesticated cat as Felis domesticus in his Anfangsgründe der Naturlehre and Systema regni animalis of 1777. and the tail is in fact little used for this feat. This name. Part 1 of the Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature. silvestris catus for its domesticated cousin. However. but they are not valid scientific names under the rules of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. in opinion 2027 (published in Volume 60. Page 20 . where an overconfident cat falls from an extreme height. However. which are predated by or contemporary with those based on domestic forms". Etymology and taxonomic history Scientific classification The domesticated cat was previously classified as Felis catus by Carolus Linnaeus in his Systema Naturae of 1758. cats' fondness for high spaces can dangerously test the righting reflex. Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber named the Wildcat Felis silvestris in 1775. The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals warns owners to safeguard the more dangerous perches in their homes. 2003) the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature "conserved the usage of 17 specific names based on wild species.

cat registries are very strict about which breeds can be mated together). purebred cat. A pedigreed cat is one whose ancestry is recorded. The ultimate source of all these terms is Late Latin catus. especially a pedigreed cat. and its female progenitor is its dam. Spanish gato. the word kitten was interchangeable with the word catling. including Welsh cath. a male cat is called a tom (or a gib.Nomenclature A group of cats is referred to as a clowder. However. mongrels. purebreds are less than ten percent of the total Feline population. mutt-cats or alley cats. but may have ancestors of different breeds (almost exclusively new breeds. An immature cat is called a kitten (which is also an alternative name for young rats. German Katze. Byzantine Greek kátia. The ratio of pedigree/purebred cats to random-bred cats varies from country to country. Old Irish cat. which belongs to a group of related words in European languages. beavers. generally speaking. In medieval Britain. A cat whose ancestry is formally registered is called a pedigreed cat. and Old Church Slavonic kotka. Page 21 . is its sire. catta "domestic cat". rabbits. or a show cat (although not all show cats are pedigreed or purebred). Etymology The word cat derives from Old English catt. if neutered). cattus. Cats of unrecorded mixed ancestry are referred to as domestic longhairs and domestic shorthairs or commonly as random-bred. hedgehogs. In strict terms. as opposed to feles "European wildcat". Basque katu. squirrels and skunks). The male progenitor of a cat. a purebred cat is one whose ancestry contains only individuals of the same breed. moggies. and a female is called a queen.

pusekat. all of which primarily denote a woman and. Several ancient religions believed that cats are exalted souls. miew "tomcat"). companions or guides for humans that they are all-knowing but are mute so they cannot influence decisions made by humans. In Japan. where the mythical cat Bast was goddess of the home. She was the daughter of the sun god Ra and played significant role in Ancient Egyptian religion. the Maneki Neko is a cat that is a symbol of "good fortune". but they were undoubtedly borrowed from an Afro-Asiatic language akin to Nubian kadís and Berber kaddîska. and sometimes took on the warlike aspect of a lioness. This term was either cognate with or borrowed from Late Egyptian aus "jungle cat. a female cat. African wildcat" (later giving Coptic au "tomcat"). The first domesticated cats may have saved early Egyptians from many rodent infestations and likewise. Bast developed from the adoration for her feline companions. or Norwegian puse. both meaning "wildcat". protector of the fields and home from vermin infestations. the domesticated cat. The term puss (as in pussycat) may come from Dutch poes or from Low German Puuskatte. While in Islam there is not a Page 22 . by extension.It is unclear whether the Greek or the Latin came first. itself from earlier Egyptian te au "female cat" (vs. It has been speculated that cats resident in Kenya's Islands in the Lamu Archipelago may be the last living direct descendants of the cats of ancient Egypt. History and Mythology Cats have been kept by humans since at least ancient Egypt. dialectal Swedish kattepus.

in some cultures it is seven. it is said by some writers that Muhammad had a favorite cat. Nine lives It is common myth that cats have nine lives. and fertility in Norse mythology is riding a chariot driven by cats. Also lending credence to this myth is that falling cats often land on their feet because of an inbuilt automatic twisting reaction and are able to twist their bodies around to land feet first. Freyja the goddess of love.sacred species. beauty. This myth is believed to be true because cats are supple and swift creatures which help the cat get out of situations that would be fatal for other beings. Page 23 . Muezza. It is said he loved cats so much that "he would do without his cloak rather than disturb one that was sleeping on it". though they can still be injured or killed by a high fall.

Until then. In my home. And they fought and strands of fur were falling. But my advice is that you should only adopt a male cat. He caught the foreign cat with his fangs attached to the neck of the foreign cat. although it doesn t speak and you don t need to teach it how to walk. That hurts a lot! To the one reading this research paper. I saw my cat placing his paw on to a dead rat. Page 24 . I take care of 4 cats. That s even a bigger responsibility. One day I saw my cat cornered a foreign cat. To take care of a cat is a big responsibility especially if you take care of four cats. I saw two bleeding holes in the neck of the foreign cat. This research explains the things that I could never forget about my cats. Another one is that one cat really likes to play and so he hurdles the other cat. all adopted from different places. It s easier because you don t have to worry about the number of cats to feed unlike taking care of a female cat because there are circumstances where the female cat became pregnant and created a number of kittens.Conclusion Cats are the cutest and the silent predators of the neighborhood. I invite you to have a pet like this one. this other cat threatens this cat with rising fur and the frightening yowl of his voice. It took too long for him to let go. To have a pet is like taking care of a baby. The problem is that this other cat is hot-headed . It s like his presenting it to me and it means that I should give him a reward. So. One of those is that one day when I woke up and walked out of the front door.

3rd edition. ISBN 978-0824070175. Redmond. D. C. Geyer. and Reeder. Page 25 ." Microsoft® Student 2007 [DVD]. D. "Cat. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 534 535. Johns Hopkins University Press. Georgie Anne (2004). Nguyen. When Cats Reigned Like Kings: On the Trail of the Sacred Cats.Bibliography Wozencraft. Georgia Tech University.. WA: Microsoft Corporation. (16 November 2005). Cat Behavior: The Predatory and Social Behavior of Domestic and Wild Cats. in Wilson. M. 2006. How does a Cat always land on its feet?. (eds): Mammal Species of the World. Huy D. Leyhausen. W. School of Medical Engineering. Paul (1978). E.

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