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NASA Daily News Summary

For Release: Dec. 3, 1999


Media Advisory m99-249

SUMMARY:

No News Releases Today

Video File for Dec. 3, 1999

ITEM 1 - IMAGES OF MARS LANDING SITE ELLIPSE & IMAGES OF


RETREAT
OF SEASONAL POLAR ICE CAP ON MARS
(from 12/02/99 Prelanding/Descent briefing)

ITEM 2 - NEW MARS POLAR LANDER AND DEEP SPACE 2 ANIMATION -


JPL
(replay)

ITEM 3 - MARS ORBITER LASER ALTIMETER (MOLA) PREVIEWS


MARS LANDING site - JPL (replay)

ITEM 4 - NASA SPACECRAFT OBSERVES LOWEST OZONE EVER


IN NORTHERN HEMISPHERE- GSFC

****VIDEO FILE SCHEDULE NOTE****


Due to the Mars briefings and breaking news events today (see
below) the video file will run at 11:00 am, 1:00 pm, 6:00 pm, and
9:00 pm. Please check http://www.nasa.gov/ntv/breaking.html for
changes to the schedule as events warrant.

Due to rescheduling of the Space Shuttle Mission STS-103,


announced yesterday, we are removing references to STS-103
television events until the schedule is reworked.

LIVE TELEVISION EVENTS THIS WEEK (UPDATED TODAY):

December 3, Friday
11:00 am - Noon - NTV Video File - HQ
Noon - 1:00 pm - Mars Polar Lander Prelanding Status Briefing -
JPL
1:00 - 2:00 pm - NTV Video File (updated) - HQ
3:39 pm - Confirmation of Mars Polar Lander Touchdown - JPL
2:00 - 5:00 pm - Live Coverage and Commentary of Mars Landing -
JPL
5:00 - 6:00 pm - Mars Polar Lander "First Results" News Briefing -
JPL
6:00 pm - NTV Video File (updated) - HQ
9:00 pm - NTV Video File (updated) replay- HQ
10:30 pm - Midnight - Live Coverage and Commentary of Mars Polar
Lander Activities - JPL

December 4, Saturday
Midnight - 2:00 am - Live Coverage and Commentary of Mars Polar
Lander Activities - JPL (continued)
2:30 - 3:30 am - Mars Polar Lander and Deep Space 2 "Results" News
Briefing - JPL
Noon - NTV Video File (updated)- HQ
3:00 pm - NTV Video File - HQ (replay)
5:00 - 6:00 pm - "Future Robotic Mars Exploration" Background
Briefing - JPL
7:00 - 8:00 pm - Mars Polar Lander Results from Sol 0/Plans for
Sol 1 - JPL
10:00 pm - Midnight - Live Coverage and Commentary of Mars Polar
Lander Activities - JPL

December 5, Sunday
Midnight - 2:00 am - Live Coverage and Commentary of Mars Polar
Lander Activities - JPL (continued)
2:00 - 3:00 am - Mars Polar Lander Results from Sol 1/Plans for
Sol 2 - JPL
Noon - NTV Video File - HQ
1:00 - 2:00 pm - Mars Polar Lander Results from Sol 1 - JPL
3:00 pm - NTV Video File - HQ (updated)
6:00 pm - NTV Video File (replay) - HQ
8:00 - 9:00 pm - Mars Polar Lander Plans for Sol 2 - JPL
10:30 pm - Midnight - Live Coverage and Commentary of Mars Polar
Lander Activities - JPL

Note: For complete schedule of NASA Television coverage of


upcoming launch of Space Shuttle Mission STS-103, Mars Polar
Lander mission and Terra mission, see:
http://www.nasa.gov/ntv/breaking.html

*****SPECIAL NOTE*****
TO ASSIGNMENT EDITORS AND MORNING AND EVENING
PRODUCERS

MARS POLAR LANDER AND DEEP SPACE 2 ARRIVE AT MARS - LIVE


SATELLITE
INTERVIEW OPPORTUNITIES
NASA's Mars Polar Lander is due to set down under rocket power on
layered, icy terrain near the south pole of Mars on Friday, Dec.
3. The first opportunity to receive a signal on Earth that
confirms the landing is expected at 12:37 p.m. PST (3:37 p.m.
EST). The two Deep Space 2 microprobes that are piggybacking on
the lander will impact the planet's surface at about the same
time.

Our talent will have up-to-the-minute information on the progress


of both missions. We will also feed B-roll animation of both
programs prior to each live cast via NASA TV.

To book an interview please call Ivelisse Gilman, at 757/864-5036


(through Nov. 30) and 757/880-2470 (from Dec.1 through Dec. 6) or
Jack Dawson at 818/354-0040. Or e-mail us at
i.gilman@larc.nasa.gov
or
Jack.B.Dawson@jpl.nasa.gov.

**Live Satellite Interviews


from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory**

Thursday, Dec. 2
1:30-6:30 p.m. PST (4:30-9:30 p.m. EST)
Broadcast on GE3-K19
Talk to David Paige, Principal Investigator for the instruments on
the Mars Polar Lander, and Rich Zurek, Mars Polar Lander Project
Scientist, about what NASA expects to find and why we go to Mars.

Friday, Dec. 3
2:00 - 7:00 am PST (5:00 - 10:00 am EST)
Broadcast on GE3-K17
On the morning of landing, share in the excitement with Carl
Pilcher, Science Director for all of NASA¹s missions to explore
the Solar System, and Rich Zurek, Mars Polar Lander Project
Scientist.

Friday, Dec. 3
3:00 - 6:00 p.m. PST (6:00 - 9:00 p.m. EST)
Broadcast on GE3-K14
Find out the results of landing from NASA Administrator Dan Goldin
or Ed Weiler, NASA's Associate Administrator for Space Science.

Monday, Dec. 6
3:00 - 7:30 am PST (6:00 - 10:30 am EST)
Broadcast on GE3-K17
Hear the latest results from the weekend on Mars from Rick Zurek
and Ed Stone, Director of the Jet Propulsion Lab.
Producer¹s line: 626/798-3385, backup 626/798-3950

*****************************

If NASA issues any news releases later today, we will e-


mail summaries and Internet URLs to this list.

Index of 1999 NASA News Releases:


http://www.nasa.gov/releases/1999/index.html

*****************************

Video File for Dec. 3, 1999

ITEM 1 - IMAGES OF MARS LANDING SITE ELLIPSE & IMAGES OF


RETREAT
OF SEASONAL POLAR ICE CAP ON MARS
(from 12/02/99 Prelanding/Descent briefing)

Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Doug Isbell (Phone


202/358-1753).
Contact at NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA: Mary
Hardin (Phone 818/354-5011).

ITEM 1a - MARS LANDING ELLIPSE-----------------------------TRT


2:05

These new images show pieces of the landing ellipse set before and
after July 1999 for the Mars Polar Lander to set down on Mars
today. They were first shown by scientists during the Descent
news briefing on Dec. 2, 1999, at NASA¹s Jet Propulsion
Laboratory, Pasadena, CA.

ITEM 1b - SEASONAL POLAR CAP ON MARS---------------------TRT :32

This data showing the retreat of the seasonal polar cap of Mars
was gathered using the Thermal Emission Spectrometer (TES)
instrument on the Mars Global Surveyor. The graph was first shown
by scientists during the Descent news briefing on Dec. 2, 1999, at
NASA¹s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA.

ITEM 2 - NEW MARS POLAR LANDER AND DEEP SPACE 2 ANIMATION -


JPL
(replay)

Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Doug Isbell (Phone


202/358-1753).
Contact at NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA: Mary
Hardin (Phone 818/354-5011).

ITEM 2a - MARS POLAR LANDER ANIMATION---------------------TRT 5:18

Voiced-over narrative explains animated video of the Mars Polar


Lander mission to Mars, detailing its path to the planet and
entry, listing survey instruments, and outlining its photographic
abilities. The Lander is scheduled to arrive on Mars on Dec. 3,
1999.

ITEM 2b - DS-2 MICROBPROBE MISSION TO MARS----------------TRT 3:08

NASA's Deep Space 2 microprobes, named Amundsen and Scott, are due
to smash into the surface of Mars near the planet's south pole on
December 3. Narrated and newly refined animation demonstrates the
probe¹s deployment, impact on Mars, subsurface operation and data
transmission.

ITEM 3 - MARS ORBITER LASER ALTIMETER (MOLA) PREVIEWS (replay)


MARS LANDING site - JPL

Synopsis: Data from the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA)


played a key role in helping scientists determine the primary
landing site for the Mars Polar Lander. Engineers are aiming for
a 125 miles long by 12 1/2 miles wide strip of gentle, rolling
plains. Launched on Jan. 3, 1999, Mars Polar Lander will study
the soil and look for ice beneath the surface of the Martian south
pole.

Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Doug Isbell (Phone


202/358-1753).
Contact at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD: Wade
Sisler (Phone 301/286-6256).

ITEM 3a - LANDING SITE PREVIEW----------------------------TRT :43

The sequence begins with an image from Viking, then transitions to


a false color image produced by the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter
(MOLA). All elevations are relative to the mean height of the
equator. White colors indicate elevations in excess of 9881 feet
(3012 meters), red shows elevations between 8202 - 9881 feet (2500
- 3012 meters), yellow shows elevations 8038 - 8202 feet(2450 -
2500 meters), dark cyan shows elevations 7053 - 8038 feet (2150-
2450 meters), dark violet shows elevations from 1050 - 7053 feet
(320 - 2150 meters). The topography in these images is vertically
exaggerated by a factor of 5.

ITEM 3b - LANDING SITE PREVIEW - CLOSEUP VIEW-------------TRT :51

First sequence shows primary landing site with image from Viking
draped over 3-D MOLA data. Second sequence shows primary landing
site with false color data and 3-D data from MOLA. All elevations
are relative to the mean height of the equator. White colors
indicate elevations in excess of 9881 feet (3012 meters), red
shows elevations between 8202 - 9881 feet (2500 - 3012 meters),
yellow shows elevations 8038 - 8202 feet(2450 - 2500 meters), dark
cyan shows elevations 7053 - 8038 feet (2150-2450 meters), dark
violet shows elevations from 1050 - 7053 feet (320 - 2150 meters).
The topography in these images is vertically exaggerated by a
factor of 5.

ITEM 3c - MYSTERIOUS SOUTH POLE OF MARS-------------------TRT :34

Sequence begins with image from Viking of the southern hemisphere


of Mars. Note that the permanent frozen cap is not located
directly at the south pole. A false color image is overlayed to
show the mean elevation. The permanent frozen cap is mostly
composed of carbon dioxide ice. White colors indicate elevations
in excess of 9881 feet (3012 meters) and dark violet shows
elevations from 1050 - 7053 feet (320 - 2150 meters).

ITEM 3d - SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE TOUR-----------------------TRT 1:29

The first image was created from Viking images. The second, false
color, image came from MOLA data. Here the color scale shows the
darkest blues as roughly 5 miles (8 km) below the mean equatorial
height, while reds indicate elevations up to 3 miles (5 km) above
the mean equatorial height.

ITEM 3e - SOUTH OF HELLAS IMPACT BASIN-------------------TRT 1:29

The sequence shows an area south of the Hellas Impact Basin. Note
the relatively crater-free area, possibly resurfaced by polar
glaciation in early Martian history.

ITEM 3f - SOUTH POLAR TOUR-------------------------------TRT 1:11


This southern polar tour, first using Viking images and then MOLA
data, highlights the differences in elevation between the Hellas
Impact Basin and surrounding terrain. The deepest point in Hellas
is roughly 26,900 feet or 5 miles (8200 meters) below the
equatorial mean--almost deep enough to hold Earth's Mt. Everest.

ITEM 3g - MOLA and Mars Global Surveyor animation---------TRT :46

During the ongoing Mars Global Surveyor mission, the MOLA


instrument is collecting about 900,000 measurements of elevation
every day. MOLA was designed and built by the Laser Remote
Sensing Branch of the Laboratory for Terrestrial Physics at NASA's
Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. The Mars Global
Surveyor mission is managed by the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory,
Pasadena, CA.

ITEM 4 - NASA SPACECRAFT OBSERVES LOWEST OZONE EVER


IN NORTHERN HEMISPHERE- GSFC

Contact at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD: Wade


Sisler (Phone 301/286-6256).
Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: David E. Steitz
(Phone 202/358-1730).

ITEM 4a - LOWEST NORTHERN HEMISPHERE OZONE LEVELS---------TRT


:20

A NASA spacecraft has observed the lowest value of ozone ever seen
in the Northern Hemisphere since spacecraft first began ozone
measurements in 1978. The measurement was obtained on Nov. 30,
1999, using the Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) instrument
aboard NASA's Earth Probe (TOMS-EP) satellite. The measurement
showed an extremely low level of 165 Dobson Units (DU) over the
North Sea between Scotland and Norway.

ITEM 4b - TOMS EARTH PROBE ANIMATION----------------------TRT :24

Scientists believe a combination of stratospheric and tropospheric


weather systems may be responsible for this extreme low ozone
event. Scientists and others have a keen interest in polar ozone
depletion. While this particular record low value results from a
convergence of weather systems, severe depletions of ozone can
result from chemical processes. Chemically caused Arctic ozone
losses have also been observed, particularly in the Northern
Hemisphere springs of 1996 and 1997.
-----------------------------

Unless otherwise noted, ALL TIMES ARE EASTERN.

ANY CHANGES TO THE LINE-UP WILL APPEAR ON THE NASA VIDEO


FILE
ADVISORY ON
THE WEB AT ftp://ftp.hq.nasa.gov/pub/pao/tv-advisory/nasa-tv.txt
WE UPDATE THE ADVISORY THROUGHOUT THE DAY.

The NASA Video File normally airs at noon, 3 p.m., 6 p.m., 9 p.m.
and midnight Eastern Time.

NASA Television is available on GE-2, transponder 9C at 85 degrees


West longitude, with vertical polarization. Frequency is on 3880.0
megahertz, with audio on 6.8 megahertz.

Refer general questions about the video file to NASA Headquarters,


Washington, DC: Ray Castillo, 202/358-4555, or Elvia Thompson,
202/358-1696, elvia.thompson@hq.nasa.gov

During Space Shuttle missions, the full NASA TV schedule will


continue to be posted at:
http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/realdata/nasatv/schedule.html

For general information about NASA TV see:


http://www.nasa.gov/ntv/

*****************************

Contract Awards

Contract awards are posted to the NASA Acquisition information


Service Web site: http://procurement.nasa.gov/EPS/award.html

*****************************

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*****************************

end of daily news summary