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Ravitej Uppu

Aim

To measure the value of the unknown capacitance using the method of de Sauty and Schering bridges.

1

Theory

Bridges are the some of the most accurate measuring devices for measuring impedance, capacitance, resistance,etc. For our purpose, i.e. for measuring Capacitance, using a de Sauty’s or Schering bridge is best. They are based on the principle of Wheatstone bridge that they have two arms. One of which has the unknown parameter. By getting the bridge balanced using the Null detector we can ﬁnd this value. The de Sauty’s bridge is a direct carry over of the Wheatstone bridge with the DC source replaced by an AC source. The null detector we will be using also has an ampliﬁer where the gain can be adjusted. This is connected to DMM which is used for getting the null point. The bridge is as

follows. ple of wheat stone bridge to calculate Cx as Cx =

We can use the princiR1 C R2 .

1

Ravitej Uppu A Schering bridge is a alternating-current bridge used to measure capacitance and dissipation factor. B 2 .It is an improvement over the de Sauty Bridge in that it enables an accurate measurement of very low capacitance too due to the parallel capacitor element which is useful in getting the sensitivity for a better balance.AC Bridges . The bridge setup is as follows. Now balance the bridge by varying the capacitance(C) and resistance (R2 ) until we get the most stable and best null point. do the same as above and balance the bridge with the extra fact that use the Capacitance box given in parallel to get a stable balance. 2 Procedure Connect the circuit as shown in the ﬁgures above. From the read off values we can calculate the unknown capacis tance as Cx = RRCA . For Schering bridge. bridge balance is independent of frequency. For the de Sauty bridge. Though the bridge takes longer for the balancing. Do this for various values of R1 and also for different frequencies. set the frequency to about 1KHz on the function generator and set the gain on the null detector to max.

No 1 2 3 4 R1 Ω 500 200 400 300 R2 Ω 500 203 308 204 C µF 0.3558 0.4432 0.9543 9. • The value of capacitance 2 using the LCR bridge equipment is 4.4528 0.452µF .3106 4. the value of unknown resistance is = 0.073KhZ.No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 R1 Ω 400 300 400 400 500 4000 1000 R2 Ω 400 403 298 492 400 4000 1000 C µF 0.454µF . The experiment ids independent of the frequency.073KH S.4996 3.4751 0. the value of unknown resistance is = 4.3029 Cx µF 0.449µF • From table 3.4458 Frequency = 15.4458 Cx µF 0.13KHz The stabilization gets more difﬁcult with a increase in frequency.5877 0.7µF S.4493 0.4356 0.4493 0.5577 4.No 1 2 3 4 5 6 R1 Ω 1000 400 400 300 200 400 R2 Ω 1000 406 305 398 396 205 C µF 4. The factory value of unknown resistance is 4.3359 0.4487µF • The value of capacitance 1 using the LCR bridge equipment is 0.0243 2.Ravitej Uppu 3 Observations and Results de Sauty bridge Frequency = 1. S.4528 0.9873 4.4447 0.5473 0.9873 4.446µF • From table 2. the value of unknown resistance is = 0.4882 4. Otherwise there is not change in the value.AC Bridges .2868 5.4454 Frequency = 1.4054 • From table 1.4450 0.4375 0.4432 0.4423 0.2065 Cx µF 4.3658 0.4331 4.4509 0. 3 .

We have seen a general trend that the bridge balance is better at lower resistance values. So. then the value of capacitance is = 0. 4 .4479 0.4875 0.449µF .461µF .AC Bridges .Ravitej Uppu Schering Bridge Frequency =1.4465 The value of unknown capacitance is = 0.4457 0.No 1 2 3 4 5 6 Rx Ω 1000 1200 800 700 600 500 RB Ω 483 597 367 312 269 223 CA µF 1 1 1 1 1 1 0. if we take the better stabilized values.4587 0.003KHz. S.4830 0.

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