MEETINGS WITH FOREIGN LEADERS

The Japan–Australia Defense Ministerial Meeting held and ACSA signed at the Japan–Australia “2+2” Meeting
On May 19, Defense Minister Toshimi Kitazawa and the Senator Hon. John Faulkner, Minister for Defence, Australia, held a JapanAustralia Defense Ministerial Meeting at the Ministry of Defense in Tokyo. Two ministers exchanged views on international peace cooperation, defense cooperation between Japan and Australia, recognition about China and so on. The two ministers concurred on the recognition that Japan–Australia defense relations have entered upon more practical and definite phase of cooperation.

Japan–Australia Defense Cooperation
At the third Japan–Australia Joint Foreign and Defense Ministerial Consultations (“2+2”) on May 19, the Japan–Australia Acquisition and Cross–Servicing Agreement (ACSA) was signed. The ACSA calls for the reciprocal provision of goods and services during joint exercises, peacekeeping operations (PKOS), international relief activities, and transportation of its own citizens in overseas emergencies and so on. This ACSA will take effect once it is approved by the Diet/Parliament of the two countries. And this is the second ACSA after the one Japan signed with the U.S. At the Japan–Australia Defense Ministerial Meeting held before the “2+2”, Defence Minister Faulkner said that the signing of the ACSA was

The Japan–Australia Defense Ministerial Meeting

Defense Minister Kitazawa, Foreign Minister Okada, Defence Minister Faulkner,Foreign Minister Smith at joint press conference after “2+2” Meeting.

an example that efforts for the expansion of defense cooperation between the two countries have borne fruits. He also stated that he would like to enhance joint exercises, including those for the actual utilization of the ACSA, as well as to consider the expansion of areas of cooperation in future. Defense Minister Kitazawa responded that he expected cooperation activities between the Japan Self-Defense Forces (SDF) and Australia Defence Force (ADF) in the Pacific Partnership 2010 (PP10) in which SDF and ADF would take part this year. At the meeting, the two ministers also reached a common understanding about the international security situation and deepening cooperation. They exchanged views on their respective matters, such as defense policies (the current status of revisions to the National Defense Program Guidelines (NDPG) and revisions to the Defense White Paper of Australia, etc.), PKO ( dispatching of personnel to the United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT)), defense cooperation (disaster relief and humanitarian assistance activities), and the regional security situation (activities of the Chinese Navy).

Explanation of terminology
Japan–Australia Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreement (ACSA) The basic principle of the Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreement (ACSA) is that if either side requests the provision of goods or services, the other side should provide these goods or services. The agreement is designed to establish a framework for the SDF and Australian Defence Forces to supply each other with the goods and services needed when they undertake U.N. peacekeeping operations, international disaster relief and humanitarian assistance activities, joint exercises and so on. The categories of supplies and services as provided under the Agreement include: food; water: billeting; transportation; petroleum; repair and maintenance; spare parts and components; maintenance; and medical services (provision of weapons and ammunition is excluded from the framework).

Japan–India Defense Ministerial Meeting Held in India
On April 30, Minister of Defense Kitazawa, who visited India upon the official invitation of Indian Defence Minister A.K. Antony, held the second Japan–India Defense Ministerial Meeting since he took up office as Minister of Defense. At the meeting, the two ministers exchanged opinions on regional security situation in Afghanistan, Pakistan, China and North Korea, on maritime security, and on bilateral defense cooperation and exchanges. The two ministers shared the view to 1) hold annual mutual visit between defense ministers–and the Indian Defence Minister will visit Japan in 2011, 2) conduct joint exercise between the MSDF and the Indian Navy by 2011, 3) develop further bilateral cooperation for anti-piracy operations in the Gulf of Aden, and 4) strengthen Japan–India bilateral defense cooperation and exchanges in various fields and at various levels, such as joint exercises, staff talks between GSDF and Indian Army, and, between MSDF and Indian Navy, mutual exchanges of students and researchers, maritime security, peace-keeping and peace-building, disaster relief and counter-terrorism.
The Japan-India Defense Ministerial Meeting

Defense Minister Kitazawa receiving a welcome by the Indian Defence Minister Antony.

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MEETINGS WITH FOREIGN LEADERS
Meeting with the President of Timor-Leste Support via Human Resource Development for the New Country
On March 15, Defense Minister Toshimi Kitazawa welcomed President José Ramos-Horta of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste at the Ministry of Defense. President Ramos-Horta expressed his gratitude for Japan's accepting students from Timor-Leste to the National Defense Academy. Four students from the country have been accepted for the first time since April 2010. During the Meeting, President Ramos-Horta expressed his notion to strengthen maritime defense capabilities and said that, “We have been requesting the United States, Australia and Indonesia to cooperate in enhancing maritime defense capabilities. We would also like Japan to support us, if possible.” Regarding the armed forces, he said, “We would like to build it in a manner like the SDF, not for combat or aggression. We want to develop units and human resources so that they can contribute to world peace through humanitarian assistance, PKOs and so on.” In response, Defense Minister Kitazawa strongly agreed to the idea of building the armed forces with the same spirit as the SDF and pledged the cooperation.

President Ramos-Horta expressing his gratitude on the acceptance of the students and exchanging views with Defense Minister Kitazawa over facilitating exchanges and other issues.

TOPICS
Ministry of Defense Entrance Ceremony
would like to ask each of you not only to commit yourself to your own assignment alone, but also to share your motivation and enthusiasm with other members to resolve difficulties and work with in unity in order to dedicate to your country. Since national defense is the cornerstone of a country's existence, I hope that you will always be aware of your great and serious responsibilities, while actively dedicating yourselves to your duties,” quoting a passage from a classical Chinese poetry anthology Toshisen, saying “Feel other person's spirits in your life/Fame is not an issue” to express his feelings. Administrative Vice-Minister of Defense Kimito Nakae delivered the letters of appointment to the recruits, then, a representative of them emphatically swore that “We will do our best to complete our duties at the risk of our own lives.” Administrative Vice-Minister of Defense Nakae stated hopefully that “Too much reliance on precedents will not bear fruit. I want you to cultivate your modesty to listen with sincerity to anyone and the tolerance to accept different opinions, as well as to try anything without fear of failure.”

The recruits for FY2010 pledging their oath at entrance ceremony of the Ministry of Defense

On April 1, the Ministry of Defense held the entrance ceremony for 124 new civilian personnel. Defense Minister Toshimi Kitazawa, Parliamentary Senior Vice-Minister of Defense Kazuya Shimba, and Parliamentary ViceMinisters of Defense, Akihisa Nagashima and Daizo Kusuda attended the ceremony. Defense Minister Kitazawa stated his instruction that “I

Defense Minister Toshimi Kitazawa delivering his instruction

Dispatch of Instructor to Egypt PKO Center
From April 10 to 17, the Ministry of Defense dispatched a SDF officer as an instructor, to the “Cairo Regional Center for Training on Conflict Resolution and Peacekeeping in Africa” in Egypt, on a request from this center. This center hosted lectures for approximately 25 military personnel and police officers from some African nations, on the subjects of international laws such as the Geneva Convention and the convention relating to the status of refugees, and international cooperation activities between international organizations such as PKOs , UNHCR and NGOs. Lieutenant Colonel Misa Nakagawa is t h e f i r s t f e m a l e G S D F o ff i c e r w h o w a s dispatched to the center as an instructor. She has a rich experience in international cooperation activities that she had been transferred to the Secretariat of the International Peace Cooperation Headquarters of the Cabinet Office, and had served as an liaison and coordination personnel in the International Peace Cooperation Assignment in the Golan Heights, and as an election observer in Timor-Leste peacekeeping operations. The African nations have been trying to solve various problems they face with their own efforts. This dispatch supported their efforts, and was expected to be of great significance for promoting peace and stability in Africa.

Lieutenant Colonel Misa Nakagawa delivering a lecture at the center.

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TOPICS
Discussion starts toward the diversion of aircraft developed by the Ministry of Defense to civilian use
The first meeting to discuss the diversion of aircraft developed by the Ministry of Defense to civilian use was held on April 23. Participants at the meeting (chaired by Director-General for Acquisition Reform Ministry of Defense Yoshiyuki Iwai) were as follows: the directors of equipment and technology-related divisions from the Internal Bureau and each Staff Office, relevant private sectors like ShinMaywa Industries, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, the Society of Japanese Aerospace Companies, experts and officials from Graduate School of Tokyo University, METI, MLIT and JAXA. Defense Minister Kitazawa stated that “Development of the diversion to civilian use will contribute to maintain and strengthen productive and technological bases, and to reduce the cost of defense equipment” , and “The diversion of aircraft developed by the Ministry of Defense to civilian use is surely significant to the countries in Southeast Asia as well, which have many islands, and might be to be praised internationally.” And the Minister expressed his opinion that “We can explore a new path while observing the Three Principles on Arms Exports.” It was agreed that the meeting be planned to be held monthly, and a report be planned to be issued in this summer.

The first meeting of the diversion of the aircraft developed by the Ministry of Defense to civilian use.

The aircraft targeted for the diversion to civilian use are the US-2 search and rescue amphibian plane, the XP-1 next-generation patrol aircraft, and the XC-2 next-generation transportation aircraft. During the meeting, the Ministry of Defense explained the background of the concept of the diversion of aircraft developed by the

Ministry of Defense to civilian use, and the outline of the aircraft. The manufacturing companies explained the features of the aircraft, the ideas of diversion to personnel transport and multipurpose amphibian plane, and challenges for implementation such as export-related procedures.

Participation in Pacific Partnership 2010
From May 23 to July 15, a total of approximately 220 Japanese personnel participated in the Pacific Partnership 2010, hosted by the U.S. Pacific Command, including about 40 members of joint medical team which consisted of medical, dental, pharmaceutical and nursing officers from Ground, Maritime and Air Self-Defense Forces, and 22 civilian members of NGOs providing medical and disaster relief. The transport vessel “Kunisaki” (approximately 160 crew members) supported the activities. Participating in PP2010 has important purposes to promote mutual understanding and cooperative relationship between partner nations, to improve the international security environment, and to help strengthen the Japan-U.S. Security Arrangements. Furthermore, participation will also serve to improve the medical and transport proficiency and skills for the SDF in carrying out international disaster relief activities and international peace cooperation operations. In addition, it will lead to securing meaningful opportunities to learn know-how for coordinating and collaborating with civilian organizations.
Medical Treatment in Combodia

U.S.Navy hospital ship USNS “Mercy” (left), LST “Kunisaki” (center), MSDF's two LCACs heading for Cmanbodia.

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CURRENT NEWS
Disaster Relief Assistance to Haiti Continues
The first unit of the Ground Self-Defense Force (GSDF) International Relief Team to Haiti, which had been engaged in the reconstruction assistance for Haiti, on which a major earthquake had wrecked havoc in January 2010, transferred its command to the second unit on March 18 (local time). The second unit took over the peacekeeping operations (PKOS) of the first unit, which had completed its mission of the removal of rubble from an art museum in the capital. Almost all personnel of the first unit returned to Japan by March 24. The second unit has worked on the earthquake inspection of the U.N. facilities and construction of the camp site, as well as rubble removal in the capital. In addition, currently it has been engaged in the activities like road repairs connecting Haiti to neighboring Dominican Republic, construction of the retaining walls and drainage facilities on Second Unit Commander Colonel Fukunaga receiving the unit flag from First Unit Commander Colonel Yamamoto refugee camps, reclamation to expand logistical facilities for the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH), and transport assistance for the Brazilian Army’s camp. The Air Self-Defense Force (ASDF)’ s airlift unit, consisting of three C-130H aircraft, also transported personnel (975 people) and supplies (approximately 70 tons) in 29 roundtrips between Haiti and U.S. air force base in Miami, from January 17 to March 22. With the mission completed, and as there was no longer a need for emergency airlift, this unit returned to Japan at the end of March. Since then, the ASDF has been alerted within Japan for the next missions.

Repairs of Refugee Camps and Other Facilities by the Second Unit, which Took Over mission from the First Unit
On March 18, Colonel Masashi Fukunaga, the commander of the second unit (350 members) of the International Relief Team to Haiti received the unit flag from Colonel Masaharu Yamamoto, the commander of the first unit, and took over the PKO mission. Before departing from Japan, Lieutenant Colonel Komatsu, the member of the second unit said, “We would like to succeed to the missions of the first unit and hope to contribute to giving support with a good care with the viewpoint of the local people.” On March 19, the GSDF unit completed the mission of removing rubble from an art museum in Port-au-Prince, the capital of Haiti. They also worked on the earthquake inspection of the U.N. facilities and have been constructing the camp site. The first unit successively returned to Japan in line with the arrival of the second unit to Haiti. On March 24, almost all personnel came back to Japan except a small number of necessary personnel who stayed there for the smooth transition to the second unit. On March 26, the dismissal ceremony of the first unit was held at GSDF Camp Utsunomiya, Tochigi Prefecture. The second unit has been working on removing rubble from collapsed buildings in the city of Port-au-Prince, repairing the road leading into the neighboring Dominican Republic, constructing retaining walls and drainage facilities in refugee camps, reclaiming the expansion of the logistical facilities for United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) and providing transport assistance for the Brazilian Army whose camp is adjacent to the second unit’s camp. With the loss of many PKO personnel due to the earthquake, the United Nations requested the international community to send earthquake experts. In response to this, the Ministry of Defense (MOD) dispatched three engineering officials who are qualified in Japan to be as first-class registered architects. They started the resistance testing for the United Nations-related facilities from March 12. After testing 40 buildings over one-month period, they returned to Japan at the end of April. *The activities mentioned above were conducted between February and May, 2010.

Description of the SDF’s PKO Activities in Haiti
A major magnitude 7 earthquake hit Haiti on January 13 (Japan time)., On January 20, the MOD decided to dispatch a Disaster Relief Medical Assistance Team from the Middle Army, Ground Self-Defense Force. On January 21, the team departed for the disaster area. On January 25, the government conveyed to the U.N. its intention to dispatch an engineering unit to the United Nations’ Peacekeeping Operations (MINUSTAH). On February 5, the Japanese Government made a cabinet decision regarding the “Plan for Implementation of International Peace Cooperation Assignment in Haiti” . Following this decision, Defense Minister Kitazawa on the same day issued an “Order for Self-Defense Forces Operations for Implementation of International Peace Cooperation Assignment in Haiti.”

DEFENSE POLICY
Anti-piracy Operations off the Coast of Somalia and in the Gulf of Aden
Replacement by 5th Surface Unit
The 4th surface unit engaged in anti-piracy operations was replaced by the 5th surface unit commanded by Captain Yasuhiko Shinomura, the commander of the 1st Escort Division. The 5th surface unit destroyer “Yuugiri” (Commanding Officer: Commander Toru Suzuki) departed from Ominato Base on May 8. And another 5th surface unit destroyer “Murasame” (Commanding Officer: Commander Masataka Kanno) also left Yokosuka Base on May 10. The 5th surface unit began the 142nd (the 101st under the Anti-Piracy Measures Law) escort operation on June 5. The 5th surface unit consists of about 420 personnel and 8 Japan Coast Guard Officers are on board, too.
Escort Operations performed by the Surface Unit ・March

1. Number of escort operations: 10 (The 112th 121st escort operation) (The 71st to the 80th escorts operation under Japan’ s Anti-Piracy Measures Law) 2. Number of escorted vessels: 75 (Accumulated total of 627 escorted vessels since the start of operations under Japan’ s Anti-Piracy Measures Law )
[Breakdown]

Japanese-registered ships: 1 (Accumulated total of 5 escorted vessels under Japan’ s Anti-Piracy Measures Law ) Foreign ships operated by Japanese shipping companies: 16 (Accumulated total of 175

escorted vessels under Japan’ s Anti-Piracy Measures Law ) (No Japanese citizens was on board) Foreign ships other than above: 58 (Accumulated total of 447 escorted vessels under Japan’ s Anti-Piracy Measures Law ) * The above record does not include the 1st-41st escort operation performed as Maritime Security Activities, which were performed before the establishment of the Anti-Piracy Measures Law. ** If the Anti-Piracy Measures Law had not come into force, Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force destroyers would not have been able to legally escort 58 of the 75 escorted vessels (the 58 foreign ships not operated by Japanese shipping companies).
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DEFENSE POLICY
3. Instances when Japanese destroyers provided information to other nations’ warships and/or commercial ships ・On March 19, before the Japanese destroyers started their 118th escort mission, they received information from a commercial ship, which was supposed to join the convoy on, two small ships were approaching to the commercial ship. A Japanese helicopter was engaged in patrol operations when it confirmed the small ships. However, it did not find anything particularly suspicious, so reported as such to the commercial ship. ・On March 29, during their 121st escort mission, Japanese destroyers received information from relevant organizations that a Panama –registered commercial ship “Iceberg 1” which had , not joined the convoy, was hijacked by pirates. Later on, a Japanese helicopter that was based on the destroyer “Onami” was engaged in patrol operations for the convoy when it detected the hijacked commercial ship, and reported to relevant countries and organizations. After that, the helicopter returned to the destroyer.
・April

Foreign ships other than above: 59 (Accumulated total of 506 escorted vessels under Japan’s AntiPiracy Measures Law) * The above record does not include the 1st-41st escort operation performed as Maritime Security Activities, which were performed before the establishment of the Anti-Piracy Measures Law. ** If the Anti-Piracy Measures Law had not come into force, Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force destroyers would not have been able to legally escort 56 of the 86 escorted vessels(the 56 foreign ships not operated by Japanese shipping companies).
・May

JMSDF’ s P-3C in patrol operation.

1.Number of escort operations: 10 (The 132nd 141st escort operation) (The 91st to the 100th escorts operation under Japan’ Anti-Piracy Measures Law) s 2.Number of escorted vessels: 101 (Accumulated total of 814 escorted vessels since the start of operations under Japan’ s Anti-Piracy Measures Law )
[Breakdown]

(the 79 foreign ships not operated by Japanese shipping companies). 3. Instances when Japanese destroyers provided information to other nations’ warships and/or commercial ships ・On May 4, at 5:46pm(Japan Standard Time), a Japanese helicopter based on the destroyer “Onami” was engaged in patrol operations for the 133rd escorted convoy when it detected a suspicious boat that was located approximately ten nautical miles north of the convoy(12 commercial ships) and carried a ladder-like item. The destrpyer “Onami” warmed the boat of its presence via VHF radio and Long Range Acoustic Device to prevent any acts of piracy, and radiated a searchlight on it. The helicopter continued monitoring the boat and provided this information to relevant countries and organizations. Afterwards, a Greek warship that had received information dispatched her ship-based h e l i c o p t e r. T h i s i n c i d e n t w a s o ff i c i a l l y announced on May 4. * Later on, the Greek warship fired warning shots and stopped the boat from trying to flee. While the boat tried to escape, the crew of the boat was seen to dispose of some items. After the Greek warship conducted an on-board inspection, the boat was released.

1.Number of escort operations: 10 (The 122nd – 131st escort operation) (The 81st to 90th escorts operation under Japan’ s Anti-Piracy Measures Law) 2.Number of escorted vessels: 86 (Accumulated total of 713 escorted vessels since the start of operations under Japan’s Anti-Piracy Measures Law )
[Breakdown]

Japanese-registered ships: 3 (Accumulated total of 8 escorted vessels under Japan’s Anti-Piracy Measures Law ) Foreign ships operated by Japanese shipping companies: 24 (Accumulated total of 199 escorted vessels under Japan’s Anti-Piracy Measures Law ) (Out of the 24 foreign ships, Japanese citizens were on board 3 ships)

Japanese-registered ships: 0 (Accumulated total of 8 escorted vessels under Japan’s Anti-Piracy Measures Law ) Foreign ships operated by Japanese shipping companies: 22 (Accumulated total of 221 escorted vessels under Japan’ s Anti-Piracy Measures Law ) (Out of the 22 foreign ships, a Japanese citizens was on board 1 ship) Foreign ships other than above: 79 (Accumulated total of 585 escorted vessels under Japan’ s AntiPiracy Measures Law ) * The above record does not include the 1st-41st escort operation performed as Maritime Security Activities, which were performed before the establishment of the Anti-Piracy Measures Law. ** If the Anti-Piracy Measures Law had not come into force, Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force destroyers would not have been able to legally escort 79 of the 101 escorted vessels

Replacement by the 4th Air Unit
The 3rd air unit which had performed flight operations was taken over by the 4th air unit. The 4th air unit, commanded by Captain Yasuharu Kimura, consists of about 150 personnel from the Maritime Self-Defense Force and mainly from the regiment of Central Readiness Force, the Ground Self-Defense Force. The 4th air unit has began its operation since June 8.
Activities of P-3C Patrol Aircraft ・March

tion from relevant organizations regarding the presence of three small ships that had attacked a commercial ship, and therefore the P-3C investigated the area. Though the P-3C was unable to identify those ships, it confirmed the location of a group of fishing vessels, in which the three small ships could be present. The P-3C reported this to nearby warships and returned to patrol operations.
・April

・May

1.Number of flights: 24 (Accumulated total :183) 2.Flight hours Accumulated: Approximately 190 (Accumulated total: approximately 1,440) 3.Number of visually confirmed commercial ships: Approximately 1,500 (Accumulated total: approximately 12,300) 4.Number of times information provided to Japanese destroyers, foreign warships, and/or commercial ships: Approximately 250 (Accumulate total: approximately 1,400) 5. Instances when Japanese P-3C provided information to other nations’ warships and/or commercial ships ・On March 24, a Japanese P-3C was engaged in patrol operations when it received informaAugust 201 0 N o . 1 8

1.Number of flights: 25 (Accumulated total: 208) 2.Flight hours: Approximately 190 (Accumulated total: approximately 1,630 ) 3. Number of visually confirmed commercial ships: Approximately 1,700 (Accumulated total: approximately 14,000) 4.Number of times information provided to destroyers, and foreign warships, and/or commercial ships: Approximately 250 (Accumulate total: approximately 1,650) 5. Instances when Japanese P-3C provided information to other nations’ warships and/or commercial ships Nothing particular was reported.

1.Number of flights: 25 (Accumulated total: 233) 2.Flight hours: Approximately 190 (Accumulated total: approximately 1,820 ) 3.Number of visually confirmed commercial ships: Approximately 1,600 (Accumulated total: approximately 15,600) 4.Number of times information provided to Japanese destroyers, foreign warship, and/or commercial ships: Approximately 200 (Accumulated total: approximately 1,850) 5. Instances when Japanese P-3C provided information to other nations’ warships and/or commercial ships ・On May 15, a Japanese P-3C was engaged in patrol operations when it detected a suspicious small-sized anchored boat on the Internationally Recommended Transit Corridor (IRTC). It carried two outboard engines and an item or items hidden under a plastic cover. The P-3C reported as such to nearby warships. An Italian warship took over surveillance activities and the P-3C returned to patrol operations.

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S P E C I A L F E AT U R E
The Second Meeting of Senior Defense Officials on Common Security Challenges in the Asia-Pacific Region
On March 25 and 26, in Tokyo, the Ministry of Defense hosted “The Second Meeting of Senior Defense Officials on Common Security Challenges in the Asia-Pacific Region”, with vice-ministerial-level defense officials from the ASEAN countries and the ASEAN Secretariat. The “Tokyo-Seminar on Common Security Challenges” was held with experts’ attendance from both Japan and foreign countries.

Group photo of the participants for the Meeting.

Sharing views to strengthen trust and cooperation in the area of defense
The second meeting of senior defense officials on common security challenges in the AsiaPacific region was held on Thursday, March 25, 2010 in Tokyo. Participants were from Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. The Ambassador from Myanmar attended the meeting as an observer. During the meeting, the participants constructively discussed common regional security challenges: the first agenda was “non-traditional security challenges, including maritime security, disaster relief, peacekeeping and peacebuilding,” and the second agenda was “Building an Asia-Pacific Architecture for Security Cooperation.” On the first agenda, participants shared their experiences, know-how regarding maritime security, disaster relief and PKO through discussion. The participants agreed that non-traditional security issues cannot be dealt with by only one country, and that it is necessary to strengthen international cooperation and to improve capabilities in the region through the efforts such as sharing experiences and joint exercises. On the second agenda, participants discussed frameworks of security cooperation in the AsiaPacific region, such as ADMM-Plus, and future prospects of cooperation. The participants agreed that it is necessary to continue a series of efforts toward stabilizing the security environment in the region through a multilayered combination of multilateral frameworks, taking into account the various features of existing frameworks for security cooperation. Participants deepened mutual understanding on respective views regarding common regional security challenges. They all recognized and shared the view that dialogue of this kind is truly beneficial for forging a foundation for stronger bilateral and multilateral ties based on mutual trust and cooperation.

Administrative Vice-Minister of Defense Nakae chaired the Meeting.

The Second Meeting of Senior Defense Officials on Common Security Challenges in the Asia-Pacific Region was held on March 25 in Tokyo.

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S P E C I A L F E AT U R E

The 2nd Tokyo-Seminar on Common Security Challenges.

For Peace and safety in the Asia-Pacific region, through mutual understanding among participating nations
The Tokyo-Seminar on Common Security Challenges held on March 26 was chaired by Masashi Nishihara, President of the Research Institute for Peace and Security (Former President, the National Defense Academy). The second seminar in Tokyo was organized with the objects of discussing “common security challenges in the region” , “measures to promote regional cooperation in dealing with common challenges” and “the role of defense authorities in regional cooperation and their responses for promoting regional cooperation”. And another object of this seminar was to contribute to improve security environment, and encourage a dialogue and cooperation in the region. In the first session, “Climate Change and the Role of the Armed Forces” , and in the second session “Building an Asia-Pacific Architecture for Security Cooperation.” Directors from research institutes and defense officials from Japan, Indonesia, the U.K. and the U.S. discussed and exchanged their views.

Mr. Nishihara, President of the Research Institute for Peace and Security, chaired the Seminar

Good and close relationships in individual meetings enhanced
On March 25 and 26, Administrative ViceMinister of Defense Kimito Nakae also had several bilateral talks with Mr. Majid, Permanent Secretary Ⅱ, Ministry of Defense, Brunei, General Phat, Secretary of State for Ministry of National Defense, Cambodia, Lieutenant General Sjafrie, Vice-Minister of Defence, Ministry of Defence, Indonesia, Brigade General Sisophonh, Permanent Secretary, Ministry of National Defense, Laos, Mr. Abu Bakar, Secretary General, Ministry of Defence, Malaysia, Mr. Santos, Undersecretary for Defense Affairs, Department of National Defense, Philippines, and Lieutenant General Vinh, Deputy Director Minister of National Defense, Viet Nam.
Brunei

Cambodia

Indonesia

Laos

Malaysia

Philippins

Viet Nam

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