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IIT Bombay

The centre is located at IIT Bombay. IIT Bombay was set up by an Act of Parliament and established in
1958, at Powai, a suburb of Mumbai. IIT Bombay has a strong tradition of inter-disciplinary activity. IIT
Bombay has a two decade old tradition of running programmes in Energy. This led to the setting up of
the Department of Energy Science and Engineering (DESE) at IIT Bombay in 2007, the first such
Department at any major academic institution in India.

Today, the Institute is recognized as one of the centers of academic excellence in the country. Over the
years, there has been dynamic progress at IIT Bombay in all academic and research activities.
Concurrently, facilities and infrastructure have been improved to keep abreast with the best institutions
in the world.
The National Centre for Photovoltaic Research and Education (NCPRE) at IIT Bombay was launched in
2010 and is a part of the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission of the Government of India.
The objective of the centre is to be the one of the leading Photovoltaic (PV) research and education
centres in the world within the next decade. NCPRE aims to create and execute the blueprint for human
resource development for PV in India.
The centre envisages both basic and applied research activities. The basic research activities include
silicon solar cell fabrication, characterization, energy storage, new materials and novel PV structures.
Development of power electronic interfaces for solar PV systems, new product designs, technology
assessment and broader issues like sociological and environmental impact are an important part of the
activities of the centre.

Eventually, NCPRE aims to make solar PV a cost-effective and relevant technology for meeting a
significant part of the energy needs of India.
NCPRE has set up a full-fledged facility for cell fabrication, characterization as well as PV modules and
systems, and works on significant areas of research in these areas. Manpower training in PV through
direct teaching, web and video courses, hands on training and through PUMP-In is envisaged.
In the second phase, the manpower training in PV through NCPRE will grow in magnitude as the JNNSM
accelerates its efforts to meet the target of 20 GW by 2022. The NCPRE will be well placed with the
sufficient experience and infrastructure for education and training to help the nation to meet its
The NCPRE will focus broadly on education and research in the area of solar Photovoltaics. The
objectives of NCPRE are categorized in three themes:
Project Objective:

The broad objectives of each of these themes are listed below:-

Theme-1: Education and Training

I. Create video and web based courses on solar PV.

II. Train 150 B. Tech, 80 M. Tech. and 40 Ph. D. IITB students in solar PV area.
III. Train more than 500 external participants on PV.
IV. Conduct training programmes for master trainers who will train technicians at the level of ITI.

Theme-2 Research

I. Setting up full-fledged facility for fabrication of c-Si solar cells.

II. Fabrication of c-Si solar cells with more than 20% cell efficiency.
III. At least one technology transfer to industry leading to enhancement of production level cell
IV. Development of innovative concepts in thin film photovoltaic technology for production cost
reduction and enhanced reliability.
V. Enhanced efficiency (~5-6%) on Semiconductor Sensitized Solar Cells.
VI. Good understanding of the material-method relationship in 3rd generation Solar Cells.
VII. Near unity factor Grid Connected Solar PV system with MPPT.
VIII. Deployment in rural areas.
IX. Assessment of PV technologies and foresight.
X. The research theme is divided in three subcategories which include:
a) Si Solar Cells,
b) New materials and devices and
c) PV systems and modules.

Theme-3: characterization, simulation and modelling

i. Setting up characterization and simulation facility for PV research and education.

ii. Support all research themes (Si Solar Cell, novel material and devices, system and modules) of
NCPRE in characterization and simulation.
iii. Provide support to PV companies and academic institutes working in PV area.
iv. Novel or improved characterization and simulation techniques/tools for PV.
v. Simulation of next generation solar cells (Quantum dots, Plasminics and nanowireantenna).
(ii) Specific Objectives

The objectives of NCPRE is divided in three themes. The specific objectivs of each theme is listed here:

Theme-1: Education and Training:

Following activities will be undertaken in theme-1

i. Development of PV courses and labs for IITB students at all levels (B. Tech, M. Tech., M.Sc. and
Ph. D.)
ii. Development of web and video based PV courses.
iii. Availability of PV courses through distance education program to other institutes.
iv. Short term lab courses for students from other institutes.
v. Laboratory kit development, which can be disseminated to other academic institutes
vi. Training of industry personnel.
vii. Training of teachers and educators form other colleges and institutions.
viii. Training of Master Technicians for technician training.

Under Indian National PV users programme (INPUP), the following activities will be

i. Offer NCPRE facilities to conduct short term (103 months), medium term (3-24 months) long
term project (more than 24 months) to external users:
ii. Industry (Private and Public sector),
iii. Institutes (Academic & Scientific Laboratories) and.
iv. Entrepreneurs/Innovators (Incubation).
v. Offer short term workshops to external users.
vi. Offer hands-on training to external users.
vii. Allow external industry and academic users to access the facilities of NCPRE.

Theme-2. Research:-

The specific time bound deliverables of the research proposed under NCPRE are listed below:

Si Solar Cells:

I. Developing baseline process for high efficiency c-Si Solar Cells.

II. Process optimization for large area (minimum 100 cm2).
III. Improving the baseline process for further efficiency improvement.
IV. Developing c-Si Solar Cells with over 20% efficiency.
V. Developing of concentration solar cells and a prototype concentration PV system of 1 kW.

New Materials and Devices:

I. Development of alternate TCO layers.
II. Study of alternate solar cell structures.
III. Light trapping for thin active layers.
IV. New storage materials (nano-materials).
V. Development of photo luminescent concentrators.
VI. Interfave modification in sensitized solar cells.

Systems and Modules:

I. Near unity power factor grid connected PV systems.

II. Life cycle assessment of different scaling-up pathways for solar PV.
III. Technology foresight based on large=scale solar deployment scenarios.
IV. Deployment of PV in rural areas.
V. Studies of market dynamics and adoption of technology, including:
- Need identification and appropriate product design.
- Design to eliminate / substitute / economize / reduce conventional power consumption.

3. Characterization, Simulation and Modeling:-

Following activities will be undertaken:

I. Material characterization (SEM,TEM).

II. Defect analysis (LBIC, SheRRescan, CoRRescan, Luninescence).
III. Solar cell characterization (I-V,EQE, IQE,Surfce Profiler, Suns-Voc, Micro PCD).
IV. Accelerated module testing.
V. Module characterization (I-V, Electroluminescence).
VI. Array characterization (infrared thermography).
VII. New and improved characterization techniques (for multijunction solar cells, active IR
thermography, image processing).
VIII. Solar cell modeling and simulation (PC1D, TCAD, SPICE, EM, simulation, etc.).

Increasing life of PV product

Testing, reliability and performance will also be covered under characterization task which are required
to understand degradation in solar cells and modules to improve life of product. Some novel and
improved characterization techniques will also be realized to meet the demand of in-line
characterization and to evaluate parameters which have direct impact on cell and module efficiency.

A state of art modeling simulation, characterization and analysis facility for photovoltaic research and
training is proposed under this theme. The facilities are meant to extent an arm of support to Indian PV
companies and other research institutes pursuing research in PV. It will provide basic support to
photovoltaic research and production in India, as characterization plays a pivotal role in PV research
which is essential in realizing the breadth of new technologies on the horizon and to improve the
existing technologies to its maximum limit in order to lower the cost. Numbers of characterization
techniques are planned at each level (materials, cells, module)
Contact Us
National Centre for Photovoltaic Research and Education (NCPRE)
Phone: +91 22- 2576 4476 ; 4480 ;4479
E-Mail :
website address: