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( )2 2 2 2

( )2 2 2 2

3
3 32 3 2 3

( )3 3 32 3 2 3

2 2 ( )( )

3 3 ( )(2 2 )

3 3 ( )(2 2 )

x x x

x y x y (x y ) (x y )

(x y )( )

2 2 ( )( )

3 3 ( )(2 2 )

3 3 ( )(2 2 ) .

2 2 2 ( )2

2 2 2 ( )2

x 2 ( )x (x )(x )
x+=0


0 x .

0 0 .

0 0 . ()

x2=

0 x x .

0 x 0 ().
0 ( ).

x2+x+=0 , 0


0 x x .
2 2


0 x .
2

0 . ()

1 , 2 x 2 x 0 , . 0 .,

x 2 x (x 1 )(x 2 )