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CCNA Exploration Module 2 Chapter 7

RIPv2
V 4.0

7.0.1.1 Why has RIP lost favor as 101010101010101101010


opposed to other protocols? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
offer more features and are 010101011010101101010
more scalable. 111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
When is RIP a desirable 101010101010101101010
protocol? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
its sheer simplicity and 010101011010101101010
widespread use in multiple 111111100101010101010
operating systems makes it an 101010011111111010101
ideal candidate for smaller, 010100101111110011110
homogeneous networks where 111101010101010001100
multi-vendor support is
necessary - especially within
UNIX environments.
What are the enhanced 101010101010101101010
features of RIPv2? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
-Next-hop addresses included 010101011010101101010
in the routing updates 111111100101010101010
-Use of multicast addresses in 101010011111111010101
sending updates 010100101111110011110
-Authentication option available 111101010101010001100
What do both versions of RIP 101010101010101101010
share in features and 001111101001010101010
limitations? 110110101010110101001
010101011010101101010
-Use of holddown and other 111111100101010101010
timers to help prevent routing 101010011111111010101
loops. 010100101111110011110
-Use of split horizon or split 111101010101010001100
horizon with poison reverse to
also help prevent routing loops.
-Use of triggered updates when
there is a change in the
topology for faster
convergence.
-Maximum hop count limit of 15
hops, with the hop count of 16
signifying an unreachable
network.
7.1.1.3 What type of address must be 101010101010101101010
used when a packet is sent 001111101001010101010
outside your private network? 110110101010110101001
010101011010101101010
a public IP address must be 111111100101010101010
used. 101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100

What subnet mask is used 101010101010101101010


when only two ip addresses are 001111101001010101010
needed? 110110101010110101001
010101011010101101010
a /30 mask. 111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
7.1.1.4 What is a loopback interface? 101010101010101101010
001111101001010101010
is a software-only interface that 110110101010110101001
is used to emulate a physical 010101011010101101010
interface. 111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
What is a loopback address 101010101010101101010
used for in the lab setting? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
are useful in creating additional 010101011010101101010
networks without having to add 111111100101010101010
more physical interfaces on the 101010011111111010101
router. 010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
7.1.2.1 What is the command to 101010101010101101010
establish a supernet route? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
R2(config)#ip route 192.168.0.0 010101011010101101010
255.255.0.0 Null0 111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
What does a supernet route do 101010101010101101010
to the routing table? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
reducing the size of routing 010101011010101101010
tables. 111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
What are the two 101010101010101101010
characteristics of a null 001111101001010101010
interface? 110110101010110101001
010101011010101101010
It is always up but does not 111111100101010101010
forward or receive traffic. 101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
What happens to traffic sent to 101010101010101101010
a null interface? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
Traffic sent to the null interface 010101011010101101010
is discarded. 111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
What command will send a 101010101010101101010
route to other routers in the 001111101001010101010
network? 110110101010110101001
010101011010101101010
R2(config-router)#redistribute 111111100101010101010
static 101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
7.1.2.2 What is the first command to 101010101010101101010
check network connectivity? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
show ip interface brief 010101011010101101010
111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
What should the result of the 101010101010101101010
above command show? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
If a link is down, the Status field 010101011010101101010
or the Protocol field (or both 111111100101010101010
fields) will display down in the 101010011111111010101
command output. If a link is up, 010100101111110011110
both fields will display up 111101010101010001100
What is the second command 101010101010101101010
to use to check connectivity? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
ping 010101011010101101010
111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
7.1.3.1 What is not included in a RIPv1 101010101010101101010
message? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
does not include the subnet 010101011010101101010
masks in its routing updates. 111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
7.1.3.3 What happens if RIP has two 101010101010101101010
routes to the same network? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
routing table only contains the 010101011010101101010
major classful network address 111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
Why doesn’t R2 include the 101010101010101101010
route to 172.30.0.0/24 to either 001111101001010101010
routers? 110110101010110101001
010101011010101101010
R2 only knows about the 111111100101010101010
172.30.0.0/16 classful network 101010011111111010101
and is unaware of any 010100101111110011110
172.30.0.0 subnets. 111101010101010001100
7.1.4 What are the two methods 101010101010101101010
RIPv1 uses to determine the 001111101001010101010
subnet mask for an ip address? 110110101010110101001
010101011010101101010
RIPv1 either summarizes the 111111100101010101010
subnets to the classful 101010011111111010101
boundary or uses the subnet 010100101111110011110
mask of the outgoing interface 111101010101010001100
to determine which subnets to
advertise.
7.1.5.1 Why is the route 192.168.0.0 / 101010101010101101010
16 not included in the routing 001111101001010101010
updates from R2? 110110101010110101001
010101011010101101010
Because the mask does not 111111100101010101010
match the class or a subnet of 101010011111111010101
the class. 010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
What subnet mask would allow 101010101010101101010
this route to be included in the 001111101001010101010
routing updates? 110110101010110101001
010101011010101101010
a /24 mask or greater 111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
7.2.1.1 What type of packet is a RIPv2 101010101010101101010
encapsulated in? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
a UDP segment 010101011010101101010
111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
What port number does it use? 101010101010101101010
001111101001010101010
using port 520 110110101010110101001
010101011010101101010
111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
How many routes can be 101010101010101101010
included? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
can carry up to 25 routes. 010101011010101101010
111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
What are the two extensions 101010101010101101010
added to RIPv2? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
-the subnet mask field that 010101011010101101010
allows a 32 bit mask to be 111111100101010101010
included in the RIP route entry. 101010011111111010101
And the addition of the Next 010100101111110011110
Hop address. 111101010101010001100

7.2.1.2 What does a router running 101010101010101101010


RIPv1 do with a RIPv2 update? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
A RIPv1 router will just ignore 010101011010101101010
the RIPv2 fields in the route 111111100101010101010
entry. 101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
What command is used to 101010101010101101010
modify the version of RIP being 001111101001010101010
used to version 2? 110110101010110101001
010101011010101101010
show ip protocols 111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
What command can be used to 101010101010101101010
revert back to version 1? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
no version 010101011010101101010
111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
7.2.2.1 What is the new route included 101010101010101101010
in the routing table? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
172.30.0.0 subnets 010101011010101101010
111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
Why is the only route in the 101010101010101101010
table 172.30.0.0/16 used? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
The command show ip 010101011010101101010
protocols verifies that 111111100101010101010
"automatic summarization is in 101010011111111010101
effect." 010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
7.2.3.1 What is the command to turn 101010101010101101010
off autosummarization? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
no auto-summary 010101011010101101010
111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
What is different in the show ip 101010101010101101010
protocols display? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
"automatic network 010101011010101101010
summarization is not in effect." 111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
7.2.4.1 What has been added to the 101010101010101101010
routing tables? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
subnets for 172.30.0.0/16 010101011010101101010
111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
What happens when a route is 101010101010101101010
incremented? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
For example, the update that 010101011010101101010
was received on Serial 0/0/1 for 111111100101010101010
the 172.30.100.0/24 network 101010011111111010101
with 1 hop is sent out other 010100101111110011110
interfaces, such as Serial 0/0/0, 111101010101010001100
with a metric of 2, or 2 hops.

What type of address is being 101010101010101101010


used for routing updates? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
using the multicast address 010101011010101101010
224.0.0.9. 111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
What is the advantage of using 101010101010101101010
the above type of address? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
multicasts can take up less 010101011010101101010
bandwidth on the network 111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
7.3.1 How does RIPv2 determine the 101010101010101101010
subnet mask for a route? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
The network and the mask are 010101011010101101010
explicitly included in each and 111111100101010101010
every routing update. 101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
7.3.2 What is one of the goals of 101010101010101101010
CIDR? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
"to provide a mechanism for the 010101011010101101010
aggregation of routing 111111100101010101010
information." 101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
What is a supernet? 101010101010101101010
001111101001010101010
is a block of contiguous classful 110110101010110101001
networks that is addressed as a 010101011010101101010
single network. 111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
What is a characteristic of a 101010101010101101010
supernet’s subnet mask? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
masks that are smaller than the 010101011010101101010
classful mask 111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
7.4.1 Where should you start when 101010101010101101010
troubleshooting? List them. 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
1. Make sure all of the links 010101011010101101010
(interfaces) are up and 111111100101010101010
operational. 101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
2. Check the cabling. 111101010101010001100

3. Check to make sure you


have the correct IP address
and subnet mask on each
interface.

4. Remove any unnecessary


configuration commands that
are no longer necessary or
have been replaced by other
commands.

What will the show ip route 101010101010101101010


command verify? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
to check for network 010101011010101101010
convergence. 111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
What will the show ip interface 101010101010101101010
brief command verify? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
verifies the status of all 010101011010101101010
interfaces 111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
What will the show ip protocols 101010101010101101010
command verify? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
Verify routing configuration 010101011010101101010
111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
What will the debug ip rip 101010101010101101010
command verify? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
010101011010101101010
use to examine the contents of 111111100101010101010
the routing updates that are 101010011111111010101
sent and received by a router 010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
What will the ping command 101010101010101101010
verify? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
to verify round-trip connectivity 010101011010101101010
111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
What will the show running- 101010101010101101010
config command verify? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
to verify all the commands 010101011010101101010
currently configured. 111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
7.4.2 What is considered a good 101010101010101101010
place to begin when 001111101001010101010
troubleshooting RIPv2? 110110101010110101001
010101011010101101010
is to verify that version 2 is 111111100101010101010
configured on all routers. 101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
What 2 things does the network 101010101010101101010
command do? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
-It enables the routing protocol 010101011010101101010
to send and receive updates on 111111100101010101010
any local interfaces that belong 101010011111111010101
to that network. 010100101111110011110
-It includes that network in its 111101010101010001100
routing updates to its
neighboring routers.

What is the final command 101010101010101101010


listed to check for? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
Automatic Summarization 010101011010101101010
111111100101010101010
101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
7.4.3.1 What is a security concern for 101010101010101101010
routing updates? 001111101001010101010
110110101010110101001
010101011010101101010
is the possibility of accepting 111111100101010101010
invalid routing updates. 101010011111111010101
010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100
What are the three methods of 101010101010101101010
receiving an invalid update 001111101001010101010
listed? 110110101010110101001
010101011010101101010
-attacker maliciously attempting 111111100101010101010
to disrupt the network 101010011111111010101
-trying to capture packets by 010100101111110011110
tricking the router into sending 111101010101010001100
its updates to the wrong
destination
-a misconfigured router.
What is listed as a good 101010101010101101010
practice when configuring a 001111101001010101010
routing protocol? 110110101010110101001
010101011010101101010
to authenticate routing 111111100101010101010
information transmitted 101010011111111010101
between routers. 010100101111110011110
111101010101010001100