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The Catholic Church Moves Towards Nonviolence?

Just Peace, Just War in Dialogue

Conference Participant Bios

Cardinal Peter Turkson, Dicastery for Promoting Integral Human Development
Bishop Robert McElroy, Diocese of San Diego

Col. David Barnes, U.S. Military Academy, West Point

Col. Edward Barrett, USAFR (Ret.), US Naval Academy, Stockdale Center
Andrew Blum, Institute for Peace and Justice, Kroc School of Peace Studies, University of San Diego
Ken Butigan, DePaul University, Pace e Bene
Stephen Colecchi, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops
Col. James L. Cook, United States Air Force Academy
Father John Dear, Peace Activist, Diocese of Monterey
Marie Dennis, Pax Christi International
Maj. Gen. Charles Dunlap, Jr., USAF (Ret.), Center on Law, Ethics and National Security, Duke Law
Father William Headley, Kroc School of Peace Studies, University of San Diego
Maryann Cusimano Love, Catholic University of America
Richard A. Love, U.S. Army War College
Eli S. McCarthy, Conference of Superiors of Men, Georgetown University
Terrence Rynne, Marquette University
Lt Col Renee Salzmann, United States Air Force Academy
Gerald Schlabach, University of St. Thomas (Minnesota)
Maria Stephan, Program on Nonviolent Action, U.S. Institute of Peace
Professor Mark Woods, Department of Philosophy, University of San Diego

Cardinal Peter Turkson, Dicastery for Promoting Integral Human Development

Cardinal Peter Kodwo Appiah Turkson, Archbishop emeritus of Cape Coast (Ghana), has been
the President of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace since 2009. Pope Francis named him the
first prefect of the Dicastery for the Promotion of Integral Human Development, which began
operations on 1 January 2017.

He served as president of the Ghana Catholic Bishops Conference (1997-2004). He was a member of
Governing Council of the University of Ghana, Legon (2001-2006) and of the Board of Directors of
Central Region Development Commission (CEDECOM) (2002-2006). He served as treasurer of the
Symposium of Episcopal Conferences of Africa and Madagascar (SECAM) (2007-2009) and presently
serves as Vice President of the Association of Episcopal Conferences of Anglophone West Africa
(AECAWA). He served as President of the Regional Episcopal Conference of West Africa (RECOWA)
(2007-2010). He was also Chairman of the Ghana Chapter of the Conference of Religions for Peace
(2003-2007) and Ghana National Peace Council (2006-2010).

Bishop Robert McElroy, Diocese of San Diego

Robert W. McElroy was born in San Francisco on February 5, 1954. He received his undergraduate
education at Harvard, and received a masters degree in American history from Stanford in 1976. He
was ordained a priest for the Archdiocese of San Francisco in l980.

In l985 Archbishop John Quinn sent him to pursue studies in the field of Catholic social teaching. He
received a doctorate in moral theology from the Gregorian University in Rome and a doctorate in
political science from Stanford in l989. He served the Archdiocese of San Francisco as vicar general
and as a pastor, and in 2010 Pope Benedict appointed him auxiliary bishop of San Francisco. In 2015
Pope Francis appointed him bishop of San Diego.

Bishop McElroy has written two books: The Search for an American Public Theology: The
Contribution of John Courtney Murray and Morality and American Foreign Policy. He has published
many articles on theology and public policy. Bishop McElroy currently serves the United States
Conference of Catholic Bishops on the committees on domestic justice, international justice,
ecumenism, Africa, and Latin America.

Col. David Barnes, U.S. Military Academy, West Point

David M. Barnes is an Academy Professor of Philosophy at the United States Military Academy
(USMA) at West Point, NY. He is the Deputy Head of the Department of English and Philosophy and
Research Associate for USMA's Center for Innovation and Engineering. He serves on the Editorial
Board for The Journal of Military Ethics and on the Board of Directors for the International Society for
Military Ethics (ISME). He is a career US Army officer and earned his PhD in Philosophy from the
University of Colorado, Boulder. His research interests include the ethics of war, asymmetric warfare,
just war, humanitarian intervention, and military privatization, as well as the ethical application of

Col. Edward Barrett, USAFR (Ret.), US Naval Academy, Stockdale Center

Edward T. Barrett is the Director of Research at the United States Naval Academys Stockdale Center
for Ethical Leadership. An Air Force ROTC-scholarship graduate of the University of Notre Dame, he
completed a Ph.D. in political theory at the University of Chicago, and is the author of Persons and
Liberal Democracy: The Ethical and Political Thought of Karol Wojtyla/John Paul II and numerous
journal articles on ethics and political theory. While in graduate school, he worked for two years as
speechwriter to the Catholic Archbishop of Chicago. After serving nine years as an active duty C-130
instructor pilot, he joined the Air Force Reserve, was recalled to active duty in 2003-2005 for Operation
Iraqi Freedom, and recently retired as a Colonel from the Air Staffs Directorate of Strategic Planning.

Andrew Blum, Institute for Peace and Justice, Kroc School of Peace Studies, University of San

In July 2016, Dr. Andrew Blum became the executive director of the Joan B. Kroc Institute for Peace
and Justice. Blum is an expert in the monitoring and evaluation of peacebuilding and conflict resolution
programming and has deep experience in helping organizations improve their monitoring, evaluation,
and learning strategies. Prior to coming to the University of San Diego, Blum served on the senior
leadership team at the United States Institute of Peace as the vice-president for planning, learning, and

He was appointed to be the USIPs first director of learning and evaluation in February 2012. He joined
USIP in September 2008 as a program officer for the Grant and Fellowship program, in which he
oversaw grantmaking in Nigeria, Sudan, and South Sudan. In 2010, in partnership with the Alliance for
Peacebuilding, Blum designed and launched the Peacebuilding Evaluation Project, an initiative
designed to improve evaluation practice in the peacebuilding field as a whole. In 2016, he led efforts to
establish RESOLVE (Researching Solutions to Violent Extremism), a global network of local
researchers focused on identifying effective strategies to address violent extremism.

Prior to joining USIP, Blum was assistant director of the University of Maryland's Center for
International Development and Conflict Management, where he was the director of the Project on
International Communication and Negotiations Simulations (ICONS) and oversaw the undergraduate
minor in conflict management. In the field, he has conducted research and worked on peacebuilding
programs in Iraq, Sudan, South Sudan, Nigeria, Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Estonia, Guyana,
and Turkey. He holds a PhD from the University of Southern California and a BA from the University
of Virginia.
Ken Butigan, DePaul University, Pace e Bene

Ken Butigan, Ph.D., is senior lecturer in the Peace, Justice and Conflict Studies Program at DePaul
University, Chicago, IL USA. He is also affiliate faculty in DePauls Catholic Studies Department. For
three decades he has been an organizer and participant in many movements for nonviolent social
change. He works with Pace e Bene Nonviolence Service, a USA-based nonprofit organization where
he has led numerous trainings and workshops on the power of active nonviolence. He co-founded
Campaign Nonviolence, a long-term movement to foster a culture of peace and nonviolence free from
war, poverty, racism, environmental destruction and the epidemic of violence. He serves on the
executive committee of Catholic Nonviolence Initiative, an international group which co-sponsored
with the Vatican the Nonviolence and Just Peace Conference held in Rome in April 2016. The
conference concluded by issuing An Appeal to the Catholic Church to Recommit to the Centrality of
Gospel Nonviolence. His most recent book is Nonviolent Lives: People and Movements Changing the
World Through the Power of Active Nonviolence. He lives in Chicago with his wife Cynthia Okayama
Dopke and their daughter Leah.

Stephen Colecchi, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops

Dr. Stephen Colecchi is the Director of the Office of International Justice and Peace of the United
States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB). He represents the Conference on international issues
and manages a staff of international policy advisors. Colecchi has previously served as special assistant
to the bishop and diocesan director of Catholic Charities, Catholic Relief Services, and the Campaign
for Human Development in the Catholic Diocese of Richmond. He has directed or chaired numerous
charitable arms of the Catholic Church, received awards for his work in social justice, and is the author
of many articles on faith, social justice, and political responsibility. Dr. Colecchi holds a BA from Holy
Cross College, an MA from Yale University, and DMin from St. Mary's University in Baltimore. He
authored a Leaders Guide to Sharing Catholic Social Teaching and In the
Footsteps of Jesus: Resource Manual on Catholic Social Teaching, published by

Col. James L. Cook, United States Air Force Academy

Colonel James Cook is Professor and Head, Department of Philosophy, United States Air Force
Academy. A cyber officer and foreign area specialist in the Air Force, he has served at the Pentagon and
in NATO. He earned his masters in philosophy at the Catholic University of America and his doctorate
in philosophy at the Universitt-Heidelberg. He writes on hermeneutics and military ethics. He is a
managing editor of the Journal of Military Ethics and serves on an ethical oversight panel at the
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
Father John Dear, Peace Activist, Diocese of Monterey

Fr. John Dear is a Peace Activist, Organizer, Lecturer, Retreat leader, and author/editor of 35 books on
peace and nonviolence, including Living Peace: A Spirituality of Contemplation and Action.
Archbishop Desmond Tutu has nominated him for the Nobel Peace Prize.

Dear has spent over three decades speaking to people around the world about the Gospel of Jesus, the
way of nonviolence and the call to make peace. He has served as the director of the Fellowship of
Reconciliation, the largest interfaith peace organization in the United States, and after September 11,
2001, as one of the Red Cross coordinators of chaplains at the Family Assistance Center, and counseled
thousands of relatives and rescue workers. He has worked in homeless shelters, soup kitchens, and
community centers; traveled in warzones around the world, including Iraq, Palestine, Nicaragua,
Afghanistan, and Colombia; lived in El Salvador, Guatemala and Northern Ireland; been arrested over
75 times in acts of civil disobedience against war; and spent eight months in prison for a Plowshares
disarmament action. He has two Masters Degrees in Theology from the Graduate Theological Union
in California, and has taught theology at Fordham University.

Fr. John Dear works with See:

Marie Dennis, Pax Christi International

Marie Dennis has been co-president of Pax Christi International since 2007 and has served on the board
of Pax Christi International since 1999. She is a Pax Christi USA Ambassador of Peace. From 1989-
2012, Marie worked for the Maryknoll missioners, for many years as director of the Maryknoll Office
for Global Concerns. She holds a masters degree in moral theology from Washington Theological
Union and honorary doctorates from Trinity Washington University and Alvernia University.

Marie was one of the primary organizers of the April 2016 Conference on Nonviolence and Just Peace
that was cosponsored by the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace and Pax Christi International. The
conference called on the Catholic Church to re-commit to the centrality of gospel nonviolence;
proposed the World Day of Peace 2017 theme on nonviolence; and started the Catholic Nonviolence

In 2016 Marie received the Public Peace Prize and was named Person of the Year by the National
Catholic Reporter. Author or co-author of seven books, she now serves on the steering committee of
the Catholic Peacebuilding Network, on the boards of the Alliance for Peacebuilding and the Center of
Concern, and as a contributing editor to Sojourners magazine. She has previously served on the White
House Task Force on Global Poverty and Development; the advisory committee of Orbis Books; and
the national boards of JustFaith Ministries, Sojourners magazine, the Jubilee USA Network and several
other organizations.
Maj. Gen. Charles Dunlap, Jr., USAF (Ret.), Center on Law, Ethics and National Security, Duke
Law School

Charles J. Dunlap Jr., a graduate of St. Josephs University (PA) and Villanova University School of
Law, joined the law faculty at Duke University in July 2010 after a 34-year career as a judge advocate
in the U.S. Air Force. At Duke he is a professor of the practice of law and Executive Director of the
Center on Law, Ethics and National Security. His teaching and scholarly writing include focus on
national security law, law of armed conflict, use of force in international law, and ethical issues related
to the practice of national security law.

Dunlap, a distinguished graduate of the National War College, served in the United Kingdom and
Korea and deployed for various operations in the Middle East and Africa, including short stints in
support of operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. He has led delegations of military and
civilian lawyers to Iraq, Colombia, South Africa, Uruguay, and the Czech Republic. His blog is

Father William Headley, Kroc School of Peace Studies, University of San Diego

William R. Headley, CSSp, PhD, is a sociologist, counselor, educator, and Catholic priest. He is the
founding dean of the Kroc School of Peace Studies at the University of San Diego, and as a professor
now teaches courses related to religion and peacebuilding. He holds a part-time appointment as a
professor of practice and field service officer for the Catholic Peacebuilding Network, based at the
Kroc Institute of International Peace Studies at the University of Notre Dame.

Headley has worked in over 80 countries. Prior to the Kroc School, he was deputy executive director of
policy and strategic issues for Catholic Relief Services; established the graduate program in conflict
resolution and peace studies at Duquesne University in Pittsburgh, Penn.; started the Spiritans first
International Peace and Justice Office in Rome, Italy; was the first president of the Africa Faith and
Justice Network/USA; and was instrumental in starting the Washington Office on Haiti. He also served
as the major superior of the USA-Eastern Province of the Spiritans as well as on the Executive
Committee of the Conference of Major Superiors of Men.

Maryann Cusimano Love, Catholic University of America

Dr. Maryann Cusimano Love is Associate Professor of International Relations in the Politics
Department of The Catholic University of America in Washington, DC. She served as a Fellow at the
Commission on International Religious Freedom, where she is working with the Foreign Service
Institute in creating new training and education materials on religion and foreign policy. She is on the
Core Group for the Department of State's working group on Religion and Foreign Policy, serves on the
U.S. Catholic Bishops' International Justice and Peace Committee, the Advisory Board of the Catholic
Peacebuilding Network, and the board and Communications Committee of Jesuit Refugee Services.

Her recent International Relations books include Beyond Sovereignty: Issues for a Global Agenda (4th
Edition, 2011), Morality Matters: Ethics and the War on Terrorism (forthcoming at Cornell University
Press), "What Kind of Peace Do We Seek?" a book chapter on peacebuilding, in Notre Dame
University's volume on The Ethics and Theology of Peacebuilding (Orbis 2011), "The Church and
Global Governance" chapter for a Vatican book volume on Pacem in Terris, and "Women, Religion,
and Peace" chapter for a U.S. Institute of Peace book Exploring the Invisible.

She is an alumna of the Johns Hopkins University (PhD), the University of Texas at Austin (MA), and
St. Joseph's University in Philadelpha (BA), and is a columnist for America magazine and a recipient of
the 2009 Best Columnist Catholic Press Award.

Richard A. Love, U.S. Army War College

Richard A. Love is professor of peace and stability operations at the U.S. Army War College,
specializing in complex operations and stabilization planning, strategy and execution. Dr. Love has
over 25 years of experience as a program and crisis manager domestically and internationally and has
participated in numerous crisis and humanitarian assistance and disaster response activities as diverse
as the 2004 Asian Tsunami, the Haiti earthquake response, the Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear crisis,
regional migration and border security issues in Iraq, Jordan and Libya and on-going humanitarian
efforts related to the situation in Syria, including chem-demil operations. Outside of his teaching and
lecturing duties, Dr. Love routinely conducts needs analysis, feasibility and case studies using
qualitative and quantitative analyses and supports exercise development and execution related to
foreign humanitarian assistance and disaster response.

Eli S. McCarthy, Conference of Major Superiors of Men, Georgetown University

Eli S. McCarthy is the director of justice and peace for the Conference of Major Superiors of Men,
which is the leadership conference of all the U.S. Catholic mens religious orders. He also teaches at
Georgetown University in justice and peace studies. He is the author of Becoming Nonviolent
Peacemakers: A Virtue Ethic for Catholic Social Teaching and U.S. Policy, (2012) along with
numerous journal articles. McCarthy was deployed with the Nonviolent Peaceforce in Israel/Palestine
(2006), and presently participates in the DC Peace Team, which offers training in nonviolent
communication, meditation, active bystander intervention, and restorative justice approaches, as well as
peace education programs, and deployment of unarmed civilian protection units. He earned a Ph.D. in
ethics and social theory from the Graduate Theological Union and his M.A. in theology from Weston
Jesuit School of Theology.

Terrence Rynne, Marquette University

Doctor Rynne currently teaches peace studies at Marquette University and is co-President of the Sally
and Terry Rynne Foundation which is dedicated to peacemaking and the empowerment of women. He
and his wife founded Marquette Universitys Center for Peacemaking.

Previously he was President of the Rynne Marketing Group, a nationally recognized health care
marketing firm. Prior to founding the firm he was a hospital administrator at Lutheran General and
Westlake Hospitals. He has served as a parish priest in the Archdiocese of Chicago, and as a faculty
member of the Archdiocesan Seminary at Mundelein.

His MBA is from Northwestern University and his PhD in theology is from Marquette University.

Doctor Rynnes books: Gandhi and Jesus include The Saving Power of Nonviolence, 2008 and Jesus
Christ, Peacemaker: A New Theology of Peace, 2014, which received a 2015 best book award in the
justice and peace category from the Catholic Press Association. He is the author of the position paper,
Contemporary Exegesis on the Nonviolence of Jesus, which was distributed beforehand to the 83
participants in the April, 2016 conference in Rome on Just Peace and Nonviolence.

Lt. Col. Renee Salzmann, United States Air Force Academy

Renee Salzmann is an Assistant Professor of Law and the Deputy Department Head for the Department
of Law at the United States Air Force Academy. Raised in Wisconsin, she attended St. Norbert College
in DePere, Wisconsin. After serving a year with AmeriCorps in Macon, Georgia, she attended the
University of North Carolina School of Law. In 2004, she received her commission into the United
States Air Force as a Judge Advocate. During the past 13 years, she has served around the
world,including the Republic of Korea (twice), Germany, and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. In 2011
she received her LL.M. from the Armys Judge Advocate Generals Legal Center and School, where
she focused on international and operations law. Since then, she has served as the senior legal advisor
to commanders at three installations and an operations attorney for Air Force forces in Europe and

Gerald Schlabach, University of St. Thomas (Minnesota)

Gerald Schlabach is a professor in the Department of Theology at the University of St. Thomas in St.
Paul, Minnesota, and past chair of the Department of Justice and Peace Studies. He received his
doctorate from the University of Notre Dame, where he studied ethics in the Department of Theology.

During much of the 1980s, he worked in Central America with Mennonite Central Committee, a
organization dedicated to peace, justice, Christ-like service and global education. A Roman Catholic as
of Pentecost 2004, he is a Benedictine oblate, is deeply involved in the Bridgefolk movement for
grassroots dialogue and unity between Mennonites and Catholics, and continues to call himself a
Mennonite Catholic.

He is currently writing a book on Catholic peace theology entitled A Pilgrim People: Becoming a
Catholic Peace Church.

Maria Stephan, Program on Nonviolent Action, U.S. Institute of Peace

Dr. Maria J. Stephan directs the Program on Nonviolent Action at the U.S. Institute of Peace, which
focuses on applied research, training and education and informing policies and practice related to civil
resistance, nonviolent action and their roles in transforming violent conflict and advancing just peace.
She was formerly a non-resident senior fellow at the Atlantic Council, where she co-led the Future of
Authoritarianism project. Previously, Stephan was lead foreign affairs officer in the U.S. State
Departments Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations (CSO), where she worked on both policy
and operations for Afghanistan and Syria engagements. Earlier, Stephan directed policy and research at
the International Center on Nonviolent Conflict (ICNC), a private foundation dedicated to developing
and disseminating knowledge about nonviolent struggle. She simultaneously taught courses on human
rights and civil resistance at Georgetown Universitys School of Foreign Service and American
Universitys School of International Service.

Stephan is the editor of Civilian Jihad: Nonviolent Struggle, Democratization and Governance in the
Middle East (Palgrave, 2009), a co-editor of Is Authoritarianism Staging a Comeback? (Atlantic
Council, 2015) and the co-author of Why Civil Resistance Works: The Strategic Logic of Nonviolent
Conflict (Columbia University Press, 2011). The latter book was awarded the 2012 Woodrow Wilson
Foundation Prize by the American Political Science Association for the best book published in political
science and the 2012 University of Louisville Grawemeyer Award for Ideas Improving World Order.
Her articles have appeared in the New York Times, Washington Post, Foreign Policy, Foreign Affairs,
Defense One, and NPR. Stephan has worked with the European/NATO policy office of the U.S.
Department of Defense, and at NATO HQs in Brussels. She is the recipient of Harry S. Truman and J.
William Fulbright national scholarships. She holds an MA and PhD from the Fletcher School of Law
and Diplomacy and a bachelors degree from Boston College. Stephan is a lifetime member of the
Council on Foreign Relations.

Professor Mark Woods, Department of Philosophy, University of San Diego

Mark Woods has taught at the University of San Diego since 1997. He primarily teaches courses in
environmental philosophy (including Environmental Ethics, Environmental Justice, Sustainability, and
Animal Ethics) and philosophical issues of war and peace (including Ethics of War and Peace, and
Ethics, Genocide, and War Crimes). He has been affiliated with the USD School of Peace Studies since
2002. Originally from North Dakota, Woods discovered philosophy while serving in the United States
Marine Corps.

His book Rethinking Wilderness, just published by Broadview Press, is about the concept of wilderness
and the philosophy of wilderness preservation. He has published articles on a variety of topics in
environmental philosophy and philosophical issues of war and peace.

His most recent teaching and research interests focus on the intersection of environmental philosophy,
war, and peace, having published articles on armed ecological humanitarian interventions, the just war
tradition and environmental ethics, and ecological pacifism. He has just begun work on a new book
about the environmental ethics of war and peace.