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Step 1: Mode Step 2: Length (9-bit)

Code Data Mode Text Char # Letter Code


0001 Numeric This is a test
0010 AlphaNumeric 1T 1 29
0100 Binary 2h 0 17
1000 Japanese 000001110 3i 1 18
4s 0 28
5 1 36
6i 0 18
7s 1 28
8 0 36
9a 1 10
10 0 36
11 t 1 29
12 e 0 14
13 s 1 28
14 t 0 29
15 1 #N/A

00100000011101010010101001101000110110

00100000011101010010101001101000110110
Step 3: Encode the Data

Multiplyer Multiplied Value IsLast? Coded Bin 11 or 6-bit Concatenation of bits

45 1305 1305 0 1322 10100101010 10100101010


0 0 17 0 10100101010
45 810 810 0 838 01101000110 1010010101001101000110
0 0 28 0 1010010101001101000110
45 1620 1620 0 1638 11001100110 101001010100110100011011001100110
0 0 18 0 101001010100110100011011001100110
45 1260 1260 0 1296 10100010000 1010010101001101000110110011001101010
0 0 36 0 1010010101001101000110110011001101010
45 450 450 0 486 00111100110 1010010101001101000110110011001101010
0 0 36 0 1010010101001101000110110011001101010
45 1305 1305 0 1319 10100100111 1010010101001101000110110011001101010
0 0 14 0 1010010101001101000110110011001101010
45 1260 1260 0 1289 10100001001 1010010101001101000110110011001101010
0 0 29 1 29 011101 1010010101001101000110110011001101010
45 #N/A #N/A 0 #N/A #N/A #N/A

Step 4: Assemble Binary String

010100101010011010001101100110011010100010000001111001101010010011110100001001

Step 5: Terminate the binary string with appropriate padding

0101001010100110100011011001100110101000100000011110011010100100111101000010010000
de the Data

1101000110
1101000110
110100011011001100110
110100011011001100110
11010001101100110011010100010000
11010001101100110011010100010000
1101000110110011001101010001000000111100110
1101000110110011001101010001000000111100110
110100011011001100110101000100000011110011010100100111
110100011011001100110101000100000011110011010100100111
11010001101100110011010100010000001111001101010010011110100001001
11010001101100110011010100010000001111001101010010011110100001001011101

e Binary String

ring with appropriate padding


Step 6: Delimit the string into 8-bit words and pad as necessary

Raw Padded 1 Padded2a Padded2b


1 Word 1 00100000 00100000 00100000
9 Word 2 01110101 01110101 01110101
17 Word 3 00101010 00101010 00101010
25 Word 4 01101000 01101000 01101000
33 Word 5 11011001 11011001 11011001
41 Word 6 10011010 10011010 10011010
49 Word 7 10001000 10001000 10001000
57 Word 8 00011110 00011110 00011110
65 Word 9 01101010 01101010 01101010
73 Word 10 01001111 01001111 01001111
81 Word 11 01000010 01000010 01000010
89 Word 12 010000 01000000 01000000
97 Word 13 Wordfill1 11101100

Wordfill1 11101100
Wordfill2 00010001
Step 7: Create Message Polynomial (Data Words) Step 8: Generator Step 9: Perform the Polyno

x Mult Int
Coefficient Exponent x 0 25
32 25 5 25 74 24
117 24 21 24 152 23 5 32
42 23 142 23 176 22 79 240
104 22 107 22 100 21 157 213
217 21 96 21 86 20 181 49
154 20 146 20 100 19 105 26
136 19 103 19 106 18 91 163
30 18 76 18 104 17 105 26
106 17 40 17 130 16 111 206
79 16 136 16 218 15 109 189
66 15 139 15 206 14 135 169
64 14 6 14 140 13 223 9
236 13 122 13 78 12 211 178
145 77
83 187
Step 10: Create Error Correction Words
Note: Known "bug" - This
Word 1 84
Word 2 37
Word 3 132
Word 4 39
Word 5 55
Word 6 235
Word 7 23
Word 8 93
Word 9 169
Word 10 173
Word 11 205
Word 12 152
Word 13 28

Step 11: Combine all the words

Word 1 32 00100000
Word 2 117 01110101
Word 3 42 00101010
Word 4 104 01101000
Word 5 217 11011001
Word 6 154 10011010
Word 7 136 10001000
Word 8 30 00011110
Word 9 106 01101010
Word 10 79 01001111
Word 11 66 01000010
Word 12 64 01000000
Word 13 236 11101100
Word 14 84 01010100
Word 15 37 00100101
Word 16 132 10000100
Word 17 39 00100111
Word 18 55 00110111
Word 19 235 11101011
Word 20 23 00010111
Word 21 93 01011101
Word 22 169 10101001
Word 23 173 10101101
Word 24 205 11001101
Word 25 152 10011000
Word 26 28 00011100

Step 12: Create the completed binary string

00100000011101010010101001101000110110011001101010001000000111100110101001001111010000100
Step 9: Perform the Polynomial Division

XOR Mult Int XOR Mult Int XOR Mult Int XOR Mult Int XOR

0 128 133 0 24 143 0 193 25 0 66 97 0


133 128 202 112 143 24 98 67 25 193 12 205 97 66 140 132 67
255 175 25 3 90 19 176 227 172 220 90 223 199 118 218 43 233
89 210 49 140 79 136 200 28 24 28 114 62 194 67 242 176 174
195 216 228 61 4 2 124 151 252 168 38 148 30 76 166 63 11
57 154 214 249 107 84 110 103 138 222 24 143 52 106 152 73 226
146 153 228 61 237 117 124 151 187 83 38 148 171 178 166 63 23
208 108 234 251 44 240 130 46 63 166 44 238 40 53 172 123 166
215 170 232 247 17 100 128 133 198 164 42 181 221 204 170 215 175
230 160 3 8 67 98 154 57 104 107 68 153 120 78 196 200 228
75 179 91 163 81 208 242 176 225 89 156 228 44 240 29 48 13
242 213 79 240 81 208 230 244 200 196 144 168 61 228 17 152 164
161 63 13 135 60 77 164 198 149 184 78 120 60 77 206 83 31
187 83 206 83 83 206 102 68 68 102 16 76 76 16 144 168 168

Note: Known "bug" - This will only work properly if the XOR's 2nd word is non-0
101001001111010000100100000011101100010101000010010110000100001001110011011111101011000101110101110
Mult Int XOR Mult Int XOR Mult Int XOR Mult Int XOR

98 67 0 153 146 0 148 82 0 62 222 0


98 172 123 146 153 227 144 82 148 222 138 222 62 136 79 226 95
245 250 108 194 67 50 5 84 143 45 193 173 252 214 249 19 14
190 19 90 81 208 74 137 108 250 69 47 234 22 238 11 167 205
238 198 7 229 169 253 71 197 123 248 27 172 220 162 191 113 94
95 184 149 130 192 239 22 183 158 234 251 206 111 148 82 205 12
129 198 7 161 63 253 71 53 39 248 27 159 46 162 191 5 50
207 204 221 114 155 4 16 132 140 254 142 186 57 168 252 130 192
97 202 112 148 38 2 4 52 106 252 173 126 167 166 63 157 32
156 228 61 48 29 28 24 211 82 23 201 162 209 192 130 226 95
104 61 111 203 236 116 248 107 84 111 206 96 30 25 3 242 213
149 49 140 147 119 104 13 174 190 99 134 241 174 13 135 85 150
113 238 11 163 91 38 148 119 43 33 39 210 59 202 112 56 201
144 176 227 227 176 231 245 245 231 226 72 72 226 140 132 132 140
0101100010111010111011010100110101101110011011001100000011100
Mult Int XOR Mult Int XOR Mult Int XOR Mult Int XOR

95 226 0 173 246 0 205 167 0 122 236 0


169 229 246 173 247 131 167 205 24 143 236 122 196 200 84
247 131 36 225 70 94 99 163 102 68 156 35 19 90 37
16 76 61 228 94 113 216 251 126 102 127 87 43 119 132
195 100 169 135 18 45 25 193 50 5 243 233 222 138 39
181 49 52 106 4 16 246 173 36 37 173 252 208 81 55
195 100 230 160 18 45 136 103 50 5 102 126 222 138 235
201 56 165 188 24 143 99 163 56 93 97 66 228 61 23
199 14 236 122 22 234 60 77 54 80 42 142 226 72 93
225 36 214 85 48 70 122 229 80 253 21 141 252 173 169
58 105 60 77 136 79 232 11 168 252 4 2 85 214 173
46 159 167 205 124 151 248 116 156 228 123 172 73 202 205
235 235 111 61 58 105 159 46 90 223 7 198 7 128 152
173 246 246 173 251 216 216 251 28 24 24 28 200 28 28
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 138 137 136 135 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 140 139 134 133 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
2 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 142 141 132 131 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
3 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 144 143 130 129 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
4 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 146 145 128 127 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
5 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 148 147 126 125 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 150 149 124 123 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
8 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 152 151 122 121 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1
9 202 201 200 199 186 185 0 184 183 154 153 120 119 74 73 72 71 26 25 24 23

10 204 203 198 197 188 187 1 182 181 156 155 118 117 76 75 70 69 28 27 22 21

11 206 205 196 195 190 189 0 180 179 158 157 116 115 78 77 68 67 30 29 20 19

12 208 207 194 193 192 191 1 178 177 160 159 114 113 80 79 66 65 32 31 18 17

13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 162 161 112 111 82 81 64 63 34 33 16 15

14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 164 163 110 109 84 83 62 61 36 35 14 13

15 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 166 165 108 107 86 85 60 59 38 37 12 11

16 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 168 167 106 105 88 87 58 57 40 39 10 9

17 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 170 169 104 103 90 89 56 55 42 41 8 7

18 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 172 171 102 101 92 91 54 53 44 43 6 5

19 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 174 173 100 99 94 93 52 51 46 45 4 3

20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 176 175 98 97 96 95 50 49 48 47 2 1

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
2 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
3 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
4 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
5 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
8 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1
9 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1
10 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1
11 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1
12 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0
14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0
15 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1
16 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0
17 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
18 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0
19 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
2 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
3 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
4 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
5 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
8 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1
9 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0
10 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1
11 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0
12 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1
13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0
14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1
15 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0
16 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1
17 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0
18 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1
19 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0
20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
2 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
3 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
4 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
5 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
8 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0
9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
11 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
12 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
15 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
16 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
17 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
18 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
19 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
2 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
3 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
4 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
5 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
8 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1
9 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
10 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
11 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
12 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
15 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
16 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
17 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
18 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
19 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
2 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
3 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
4 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
5 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
8 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
9 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
10 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1
11 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
12 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1
14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
15 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
16 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1
17 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
18 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
19 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1
20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
2 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
3 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
4 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
5 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
8 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0
9 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1
10 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0
11 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0
12 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1
13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1
14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0
15 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0
16 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1
17 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1
18 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0
19 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0
20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
2 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
3 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
4 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
5 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
8 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
9 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1
10 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
11 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
12 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
15 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1
16 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
17 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
18 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
19 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
2 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
3 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
4 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
5 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
8 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0
9 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1
10 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1
11 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0
12 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1
14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0
15 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1
16 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1
17 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0
18 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
19 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1
20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
2 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
3 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
4 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
5 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
8 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1
9 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0
10 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1
11 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1
12 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1
13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0
14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0
15 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0
16 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1
17 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1
18 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1
19 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0
20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 ECC
Mapping Level
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q

Raw Data (No Mask)

Input This is a test


(Max 15 Char)
14
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Mask
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1
0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1
0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Mask
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1
0 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0
1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1
1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Mask
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1
1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1
0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1
1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 0
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Mask
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 1
1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0
1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1
1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Mask
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0
1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0
1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1
1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1
1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Mask
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1
0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1
1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 0
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 0
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Mask
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0
1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0
0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0
0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1
1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 0
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Mask
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1
0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1
0 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0
1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0
1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 0
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1
1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1
1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Mask Type Info
0 011010101011111
1 011000001101000
2 011111100110001
3 011101000000110
4 010010010110100
5 010000110000011
6 010111011011010
7 010101111101101

Position Detection
Timing
Mask
Data

Code 00100000011101010010101001101000110110011001101010001000000111100110101001001111010

208
0 011010101011111

1 011000001101000
2 011111100110001

3 011101000000110
4 010010010110100

5 010000110000011
6 010111011011010

7 010101111101101
100110101001001111010000100100000011101100010101000010010110000100001001110011011111101011000101110
1101111110101100010111010111011010100110101101110011011001100000011100
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Round 1 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1

32 00100000 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 32
117 01110101 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 240
42 00101010 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 213
104 01101000 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 49
217 11011001 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 26
154 10011010 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 163
136 10001000 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 26
30 00011110 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 206
106 01101010 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 189
79 01001111 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 169
66 01000010 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 9
64 01000000 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 178
236 11101100 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 77
187

Round 2 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1

133 10000101 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 133


255 11111111 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 112
89 01011001 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 3
195 11000011 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 140
57 00111001 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 61
146 10010010 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 249
208 11010000 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 61
215 11010111 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 251
230 11100110 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 247
75 01001011 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 8
242 11110010 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 163
161 10100001 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 240
187 10111011 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 135
83

Round 3 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1

143 10001111 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 143


90 01011010 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 67
79 01001111 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 227
4 00000100 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 28
107 01101011 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 151
237 11101101 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 103
44 00101100 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 151
17 00010001 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 46
67 01000011 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 133
81 01010001 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 57
81 01010001 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 176
60 00111100 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 244
83 01010011 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 198
68

Round 4 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1

25 00011001 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 25
172 10101100 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 205
24 00011000 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 223
252 11111100 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 62
138 10001010 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 148
187 10111011 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 143
63 00111111 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 148
198 11000110 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 238
104 01101000 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 181
225 11100001 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 153
200 11001000 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 228
149 10010101 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 168
68 01000100 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 120
76

Round 5 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1

97 01100001 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 97
199 11000111 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 132
194 11000010 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 43
30 00011110 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 176
52 00110100 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 63
171 10101011 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 73
40 00101000 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 63
221 11011101 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 123
120 01111000 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 215
44 00101100 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 200
61 00111101 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 48
60 00111100 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 152
76 01001100 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 83
168

Round 6 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1


67 01000011 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 67
233 11101001 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 123
174 10101110 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 108
11 00001011 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 90
226 11100010 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 7
23 00010111 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 149
166 10100110 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 7
175 10101111 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 221
228 11100100 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 112
13 00001101 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 61
164 10100100 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 111
31 00011111 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 140
168 10101000 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 11
227

Round 7 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1

146 10010010 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 146


194 11000010 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 144
81 01010001 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 5
229 11100101 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 137
130 10000010 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 71
161 10100001 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 22
114 01110010 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 71
148 10010100 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 16
48 00110000 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 4
203 11001011 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 24
147 10010011 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 248
163 10100011 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 13
227 11100011 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 148
245

Round 8 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1

82 01010010 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 82
84 01010100 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 138
108 01101100 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 193
197 11000101 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 47
183 10110111 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 27
53 00110101 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 251
132 10000100 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 27
52 00110100 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 142
211 11010011 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 173
107 01101011 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 201
174 10101110 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 206
119 01110111 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 134
245 11110101 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 39
72

Round 9 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1

222 11011110 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 222


173 10101101 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 79
234 11101010 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 249
172 10101100 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 11
206 11001110 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 191
159 10011111 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 82
186 10111010 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 191
126 01111110 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 252
162 10100010 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 63
96 01100000 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 130
241 11110001 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 3
210 11010010 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 135
72 01001000 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 112
132

Round 10 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1

226 11100010 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 226


19 00010011 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 229
167 10100111 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 131
113 01110001 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 76
205 11001101 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 100
5 00000101 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 49
130 10000010 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 100
157 10011101 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 56
226 11100010 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 14
242 11110010 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 36
85 01010101 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 105
56 00111000 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 159
132 10000100 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 235
246

Round 11 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1

246 11110110 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 246


36 00100100 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 131
61 00111101 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 94
169 10101001 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 113
52 00110100 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 45
230 11100110 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 16
165 10100101 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 45
236 11101100 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 143
214 11010110 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 234
60 00111100 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 70
167 10100111 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 79
111 01101111 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 151
246 11110110 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 105
216

Round 12 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1

167 10100111 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 167


99 01100011 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 143
216 11011000 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 68
25 00011001 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 102
246 11110110 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 5
136 10001000 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 37
99 01100011 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 5
60 00111100 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 93
122 01111010 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 80
232 11101000 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 253
248 11111000 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 252
159 10011111 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 228
216 11011000 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 223
24

Round 13 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1

236 11101100 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 236


156 10011100 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 200
127 01111111 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 90
243 11110011 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 119
173 10101101 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 138
102 01100110 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 81
97 01100001 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 138
42 00101010 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 61
21 00010101 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 72
4 00000100 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 173
123 01111011 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 214
7 00000111 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 202
24 00011000 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 128
28

Round 14 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1

0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0

Round 15 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1

0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0

Round 16 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1

0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0

Round 17 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1

0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4
Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5

00100000 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
11110000 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
11010101 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1
00110001 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1
00011010 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0
10100011 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1
00011010 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 1
11001110 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1
10111101 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
10101001 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0
00001001 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0
10110010 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1
01001101 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0
10111011 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1

Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5

10000101 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0
01110000 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
00000011 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1
10001100 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0
00111101 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0
11111001 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0
00111101 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 0
11111011 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0
11110111 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1
00001000 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
10100011 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1
11110000 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
10000111 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 1
01010011 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1

Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5

10001111 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
01000011 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1
11100011 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0
00011100 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
10010111 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
01100111 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0
10010111 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1
00101110 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1
10000101 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0
00111001 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0
10110000 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0
11110100 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0
11000110 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1
01000100 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0

Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5

00011001 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
11001101 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0
11011111 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
00111110 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0
10010100 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
10001111 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1
10010100 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0
11101110 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0
10110101 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
10011001 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1
11100100 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0
10101000 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
01111000 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
01001100 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0

Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5

01100001 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
10000100 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0
00101011 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0
10110000 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0
00111111 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
01001001 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0
00111111 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1
01111011 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0
11010111 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0
11001000 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0
00110000 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10011000 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0
01010011 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1
10101000 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0

Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5
01000011 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
01111011 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 1
01101100 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0
01011010 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1
00000111 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
10010101 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0
00000111 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0
11011101 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1
01110000 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
00111101 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1
01101111 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
10001100 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1
00001011 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0
11100011 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0

Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5

10010010 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
10010000 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
00000101 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1
10001001 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0
01000111 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
00010110 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1
01000111 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 1
00010000 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
00000100 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1
00011000 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1
11111000 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
00001101 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0
10010100 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1
11110101 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1

Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5

01010010 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
10001010 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1
11000001 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0
00101111 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
00011011 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0
11111011 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0
00011011 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 1
10001110 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1
10101101 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1
11001001 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0
11001110 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0
10000110 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1
00100111 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1
01001000 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0

Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5

11011110 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
01001111 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
11111001 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
00001011 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0
10111111 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1
01010010 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0
10111111 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
11111100 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0
00111111 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1
10000010 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0
00000011 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1
10000111 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1
01110000 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
10000100 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0

Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5

11100010 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
11100101 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1
10000011 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0
01001100 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1
01100100 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0
00110001 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1
01100100 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0
00111000 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0
00001110 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0
00100100 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1
01101001 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1
10011111 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0
11101011 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0
11110110 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1

Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5

11110110 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
10000011 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0
01011110 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0
01110001 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1
00101101 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1
00010000 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1
00101101 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0
10001111 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0
11101010 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 1
01000110 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1
01001111 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
10010111 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
01101001 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1
11011000 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1

Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5

10100111 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
10001111 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
01000100 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1
01100110 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1
00000101 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1
00100101 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0
00000101 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0
01011101 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0
01010000 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
11111101 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1
11111100 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
11100100 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1
11011111 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
00011000 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1

Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5

11101100 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
11001000 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
01011010 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
01110111 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0
10001010 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
01010001 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1
10001010 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0
00111101 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1
01001000 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
10101101 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0
11010110 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0
11001010 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0
10000000 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
00011100 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1

Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5

00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5

00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5

00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5 Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Bit8 Bit7 Bit6 Bit5

00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
00000000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5 6 7 8
Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Result

0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 1 0 1 10000101 133
1 1 1 1 11111111 255
1 0 0 1 01011001 89
0 0 1 1 11000011 195
1 0 0 1 00111001 57
0 0 1 0 10010010 146
0 0 0 0 11010000 208
0 1 1 1 11010111 215
0 1 1 0 11100110 230
1 0 1 1 01001011 75
0 0 1 0 11110010 242
0 0 0 1 10100001 161
1 0 1 1 10111011 187

Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Result

0 0 0 0 00000000 0
1 1 1 1 10001111 143
1 0 1 0 01011010 90
1 1 1 1 01001111 79
0 1 0 0 00000100 4
1 0 1 1 01101011 107
1 1 0 1 11101101 237
1 1 0 0 00101100 44
0 0 0 1 00010001 17
0 0 1 1 01000011 67
0 0 0 1 01010001 81
0 0 0 1 01010001 81
1 1 0 0 00111100 60
0 0 1 1 01010011 83

Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Result

0 0 0 0 00000000 0
1 0 0 1 00011001 25
1 1 0 0 10101100 172
1 0 0 0 00011000 24
1 1 0 0 11111100 252
1 0 1 0 10001010 138
1 0 1 1 10111011 187
1 1 1 1 00111111 63
0 1 1 0 11000110 198
1 0 0 0 01101000 104
0 0 0 1 11100001 225
1 0 0 0 11001000 200
0 1 0 1 10010101 149
0 1 0 0 01000100 68

Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Result

0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 1 01100001 97
0 1 1 1 11000111 199
0 0 1 0 11000010 194
1 1 1 0 00011110 30
0 1 0 0 00110100 52
1 0 1 1 10101011 171
1 0 0 0 00101000 40
1 1 0 1 11011101 221
1 0 0 0 01111000 120
1 1 0 0 00101100 44
1 1 0 1 00111101 61
1 1 0 0 00111100 60
1 1 0 0 01001100 76

Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Result

0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 1 1 01000011 67
1 0 0 1 11101001 233
1 1 1 0 10101110 174
1 0 1 1 00001011 11
0 0 1 0 11100010 226
0 1 1 1 00010111 23
0 1 1 0 10100110 166
1 1 1 1 10101111 175
0 1 0 0 11100100 228
1 1 0 1 00001101 13
0 1 0 0 10100100 164
1 1 1 1 00011111 31
1 0 0 0 10101000 168

Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Result


0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 1 0 10010010 146
0 0 1 0 11000010 194
0 0 0 1 01010001 81
0 1 0 1 11100101 229
0 0 1 0 10000010 130
0 0 0 1 10100001 161
0 0 1 0 01110010 114
0 1 0 0 10010100 148
0 0 0 0 00110000 48
1 0 1 1 11001011 203
0 0 1 1 10010011 147
0 0 1 1 10100011 163
0 0 1 1 11100011 227

Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Result

0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 1 0 01010010 82
0 1 0 0 01010100 84
1 1 0 0 01101100 108
0 1 0 1 11000101 197
0 1 1 1 10110111 183
0 1 0 1 00110101 53
0 1 0 0 10000100 132
0 1 0 0 00110100 52
0 0 1 1 11010011 211
1 0 1 1 01101011 107
1 1 1 0 10101110 174
0 1 1 1 01110111 119
0 1 0 1 11110101 245

Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Result

0 0 0 0 00000000 0
1 1 1 0 11011110 222
1 1 0 1 10101101 173
1 0 1 0 11101010 234
1 1 0 0 10101100 172
1 1 1 0 11001110 206
1 1 1 1 10011111 159
1 0 1 0 10111010 186
1 1 1 0 01111110 126
0 0 1 0 10100010 162
0 0 0 0 01100000 96
0 0 0 1 11110001 241
0 0 1 0 11010010 210
1 0 0 0 01001000 72

Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Result

0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 1 0 11100010 226
0 0 1 1 00010011 19
0 1 1 1 10100111 167
0 0 0 1 01110001 113
1 1 0 1 11001101 205
0 1 0 1 00000101 5
0 0 1 0 10000010 130
1 1 0 1 10011101 157
0 0 1 0 11100010 226
0 0 1 0 11110010 242
0 1 0 1 01010101 85
1 0 0 0 00111000 56
0 1 0 0 10000100 132

Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Result

0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 1 1 0 11110110 246
0 1 0 0 00100100 36
1 1 0 1 00111101 61
1 0 0 1 10101001 169
0 1 0 0 00110100 52
0 1 1 0 11100110 230
0 1 0 1 10100101 165
1 1 0 0 11101100 236
0 1 1 0 11010110 214
1 1 0 0 00111100 60
0 1 1 1 10100111 167
1 1 1 1 01101111 111
0 1 1 0 11110110 246

Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Result

0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 1 1 1 10100111 167
0 0 1 1 01100011 99
1 0 0 0 11011000 216
1 0 0 1 00011001 25
0 1 1 0 11110110 246
1 0 0 0 10001000 136
0 0 1 1 01100011 99
1 1 0 0 00111100 60
1 0 1 0 01111010 122
1 0 0 0 11101000 232
1 0 0 0 11111000 248
1 1 1 1 10011111 159
1 0 0 0 11011000 216

Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Result

0 0 0 0 00000000 0
1 1 0 0 11101100 236
1 1 0 0 10011100 156
1 1 1 1 01111111 127
0 0 1 1 11110011 243
1 1 0 1 10101101 173
0 1 1 0 01100110 102
0 0 0 1 01100001 97
1 0 1 0 00101010 42
0 1 0 1 00010101 21
0 1 0 0 00000100 4
1 0 1 1 01111011 123
0 1 1 1 00000111 7
1 0 0 0 00011000 24

Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Result

0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 1 0 0 01010100 84
0 1 0 1 00100101 37
0 1 0 0 10000100 132
0 1 1 1 00100111 39
0 1 1 1 00110111 55
1 0 1 1 11101011 235
0 1 1 1 00010111 23
1 1 0 1 01011101 93
1 0 0 1 10101001 169
1 1 0 1 10101101 173
1 1 0 1 11001101 205
1 0 0 0 10011000 152
1 1 0 0 00011100 28

Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Result

0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0

Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Result

0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0

Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Result

0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0

Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Bit1 Result

0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0 0 0 00000000 0
0 0
1 1
2 2
3 3
4 4
5 5
6 6
7 7
8 8
9 9
A 10
B 11
C 12
D 13
E 14
F 15
G 16
H 17
I 18
J 19
K 20
L 21
M 22
N 23
O 24
P 25
Q 26
R 27
S 28
T 29
U 30
V 31
W 32
X 33
Y 34
Z 35
36 (space)
$ 37
% 38
* 39
+ 40
- 41
. 42
/ 43
: 44
Exp of Integer Integer Exp of
0 1
1 2 1 0
2 4 2 1
3 8 3 25
4 16 4 2
5 32 5 50
6 64 6 26
7 128 7 198
8 29 8 3
9 58 9 223
10 116 10 51
11 232 11 238
12 205 12 27
13 135 13 104
14 19 14 199
15 38 15 75
16 76 16 4
17 152 17 100
18 45 18 224
19 90 19 14
20 180 20 52
21 117 21 141
22 234 22 239
23 201 23 129
24 143 24 28
25 3 25 193
26 6 26 105
27 12 27 248
28 24 28 200
29 48 29 8
30 96 30 76
31 192 31 113
32 157 32 5
33 39 33 138
34 78 34 101
35 156 35 47
36 37 36 225
37 74 37 36
38 148 38 15
39 53 39 33
40 106 40 53
41 212 41 147
42 181 42 142
43 119 43 218
44 238 44 240
45 193 45 18
46 159 46 130
47 35 47 69
48 70 48 29
49 140 49 181
50 5 50 194
51 10 51 125
52 20 52 106
53 40 53 39
54 80 54 249
55 160 55 185
56 93 56 201
57 186 57 154
58 105 58 9
59 210 59 120
60 185 60 77
61 111 61 228
62 222 62 114
63 161 63 166
64 95 64 6
65 190 65 191
66 97 66 139
67 194 67 98
68 153 68 102
69 47 69 221
70 94 70 48
71 188 71 253
72 101 72 226
73 202 73 152
74 137 74 37
75 15 75 179
76 30 76 16
77 60 77 145
78 120 78 34
79 240 79 136
80 253 80 54
81 231 81 208
82 211 82 148
83 187 83 206
84 107 84 143
85 214 85 150
86 177 86 219
87 127 87 189
88 254 88 241
89 225 89 210
90 223 90 19
91 163 91 92
92 91 92 131
93 182 93 56
94 113 94 70
95 226 95 64
96 217 96 30
97 175 97 66
98 67 98 182
99 134 99 163
100 17 100 195
101 34 101 72
102 68 102 126
103 136 103 110
104 13 104 107
105 26 105 58
106 52 106 40
107 104 107 84
108 208 108 250
109 189 109 133
110 103 110 186
111 206 111 61
112 129 112 202
113 31 113 94
114 62 114 155
115 124 115 159
116 248 116 10
117 237 117 21
118 199 118 121
119 147 119 43
120 59 120 78
121 118 121 212
122 236 122 229
123 197 123 172
124 151 124 115
125 51 125 243
126 102 126 167
127 204 127 87
128 133 128 7
129 23 129 112
130 46 130 192
131 92 131 247
132 184 132 140
133 109 133 128
134 218 134 99
135 169 135 13
136 79 136 103
137 158 137 74
138 33 138 222
139 66 139 237
140 132 140 49
141 21 141 197
142 42 142 254
143 84 143 24
144 168 144 227
145 77 145 165
146 154 146 153
147 41 147 119
148 82 148 38
149 164 149 184
150 85 150 180
151 170 151 124
152 73 152 17
153 146 153 68
154 57 154 146
155 114 155 217
156 228 156 35
157 213 157 32
158 183 158 137
159 115 159 46
160 230 160 55
161 209 161 63
162 191 162 209
163 99 163 91
164 198 164 149
165 145 165 188
166 63 166 207
167 126 167 205
168 252 168 144
169 229 169 135
170 215 170 151
171 179 171 178
172 123 172 220
173 246 173 252
174 241 174 190
175 255 175 97
176 227 176 242
177 219 177 86
178 171 178 211
179 75 179 171
180 150 180 20
181 49 181 42
182 98 182 93
183 196 183 158
184 149 184 132
185 55 185 60
186 110 186 57
187 220 187 83
188 165 188 71
189 87 189 109
190 174 190 65
191 65 191 162
192 130 192 31
193 25 193 45
194 50 194 67
195 100 195 216
196 200 196 183
197 141 197 123
198 7 198 164
199 14 199 118
200 28 200 196
201 56 201 23
202 112 202 73
203 224 203 236
204 221 204 127
205 167 205 12
206 83 206 111
207 166 207 246
208 81 208 108
209 162 209 161
210 89 210 59
211 178 211 82
212 121 212 41
213 242 213 157
214 249 214 85
215 239 215 170
216 195 216 251
217 155 217 96
218 43 218 134
219 86 219 177
220 172 220 187
221 69 221 204
222 138 222 62
223 9 223 90
224 18 224 203
225 36 225 89
226 72 226 95
227 144 227 176
228 61 228 156
229 122 229 169
230 244 230 160
231 245 231 81
232 247 232 11
233 243 233 245
234 251 234 22
235 235 235 235
236 203 236 122
237 139 237 117
238 11 238 44
239 22 239 215
240 44 240 79
241 88 241 174
242 176 242 213
243 125 243 233
244 250 244 230
245 233 245 231
246 207 246 173
247 131 247 232
248 27 248 116
249 54 249 214
250 108 250 244
251 216 251 234
252 173 252 168
253 71 253 80
254 142 254 88
255 1 255 175