INTRODUCTION

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INTRODUCTION

© All Rights Reserved

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CAETE

BSCE SE V

SY 2006 - 07

STEEL DESIGN

Syllabus

Reference: Steel Structures by Salmon and Johnson

NSCP, Vol. 1, 2010 ed.

Tables of Steel Sections (ASEP Steel Handbook and AISC Manual of Steel

Construction)

Introduction 2

Tension Members 19

Compression Members 27

Quiz 1

Torsion

Quiz 2

Plastic Design

o Beams 101

Quiz 3

o Frames 116

Quiz 4

Rolled Beams

42

Torsion

Lateral-Torsional Buckling 45

Quiz 5

Cover Plated Beams 60

Composite Beams 64

Shear Connectors 69

Quiz 6

Columns subjected to Combined Axial and Bending 75

Quiz 7

Bolted Connections 80

o Type of Bolts

o Type of Connections

o Tension Splice

o Combined Stresses

o Eccentric Connections

Quiz 8

Welded Connections 92

o Type of Welds, Weld Symbols

o Splices

o Eccentric Connections

Quiz 9

Design of Base Plate 123

Quiz 10

INTRODUCTION

UBC Uniform Building Code AISC American Institute for Steel Construction

Chapter 2 Loads EQ

Chapter 4 Concrete

Chapter 5 Steel

Chapter 6 Wood

Materials:

Structural Grade

Fy (yield stress) Fu (tensile stress)

A-36 36 ksi = 248 MPa 58 ksi = 400 MPa

A-50 50 ksi = 345 MPa 65 ksi = 448 MPa

F = allowable stress, material properties

e.g. ft = T/A Ft Fy

fb = My/I Fb Fu

fv = V/dtw Fv

or f

1. Allowable Strength Design (ASD)

2. Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) 0

y = mx + b

Fu

Fy

y u

Assignment # 1

B

20 kN

3m

A D

C

4m 3m

50 kN

AB 400 mm2

BD 350

AC 300

CD 325

BC 200

SUPERPOSITION

S2

w w +

S1

R

L L

R

RL

EI

wL2

2EI

S2 = RL * L * 2L

S1 = wL2 * 1 * 3L

2EI 3

2EI 3 4

S2 = 1 * RL3

S1 = 1 * wL4

3 EI

8 EI

Compatibility Requirement

S1 S2 F 0

4 3

wL RL w 5

M v wL

8EI 3EI 8

3

R wL M 0

8 1 3

v 3wL M wL2 wL2

8 2 8

1

M wL2

8

VIRTUAL WORK

Procedure:

A = 500 mm2

1. Determine the number of degrees of freedom E = 200 GPa

DOF: weightless A = 500 mm2 L = 2.0 m

rigid bar very small)

2. Apply a virtual (imaginary, E = 100 GPa

displacement in the direction of the DOF.

L = 1.5 m

F1 F2

4m 4m P 2m

work force distance

4 8

P D F1 D F2 D 0

10 10

external work internal work 0

4 8

P - F1 10 F2 10 D 0

Equal equation:

M A 0

4F1 8F2 10P

AE 4 AE 8

F1 D F2 D

L 10 L 10

700120 4 500 200 8

D D

1500 10 2000 10

kN kN

22.4 D 40 D

mm mm

D = 0.48828125 mm

F1 = 22.4 (0.488)

F1 = 10.9375 kN

F2 = 40 (0.488)

F2 = 19.53125 kN

120 kN

50 kN 50 kN

B F

0 kN A H

C E G

110 kN 110 kN

3m 4m 4m 3m

Area (mm2)

Top chord 1500

Bottom chord 1200

Diagonals 800

Verticals 600

Solution:

Internal work

= FP (FQ * L/AE)

External work

= Q

Q=1

A BC DE G F H

= FP FQ L/AE

(Determinate)

Q=1

BD = -118.75 kN

BE = 18.75 kN

AB -155.56 -0.7071 70.71 1.5556

BD -118.75 -0.7292 60 1.4432

DF -118.75 -0.7292 60 1.4432

FH -155.56 -0.7071 70.71 1.5556

AC 110 0.5 80 0.6875

CE 110 0.5 60 0.9167

EG 110 0.5 60 0.9167

GH 110 0.5 80 0.6875

BE -18.75 0 32 0

EF -18.75 0 32 0

BC 0 0 40 0

DE 22.5 1 20 1.125

FG 0 0 40 0

=10.331 mm

(Indeterminate)

D

B F

A H Q=1

Member Fp Fq AE/L (FpFqL)/AE (Fq2L)/AE Fr Ft = Fp + Fr

AB -155.56 C

0 70.71 E - G - - -

BD -118.75 0 60 - - - -

DF -118.75 0 60 - - - -

FH -155.56 0 70.71 - - - -

AC 110 1 80 1.375 0.0125 -110 0

CE 110 1 60 1.833 0.01667 -110 0

EG 110 1 60 1.833 0.01667 -110 0

GH 110 1 80 1.375 0.0125 -110 0

BE -18.75 0 32 - - - -

EF -18.75 0 32 - - - -

BC 0 0 40 - - - -

DE 22.5 0 20 - - - -

FG 0 0 40 - - - -

6.416 0.05833

For indeterminate:

D

B F

A H

C E G

D

B F

A H

C E G Q=1

D

B F

2

A H

C E G R

F F L F

2

p q q L

1 2 R=cQ

AE AE

F F L p q

1 AE

c FR cFQ

Fq L

2

2

AE

Seatwork # 1

1. Find the member forces using Virtual work method.

140 kN 280 kN

C E Members: Area (mm)2

B 100 kN

6m Top chord 1500

Diagonals 1000

Vertical 800

D

12 m E = 200 GPa

A F

8m 8m 8m 8m

Solution:

Release at F; Q applied at F

140 kN 280 kN 140 kN 280 kN

100 kN 100 kN

Q=1 R

M F 0 +

10018 - 28016 - 140 24 R A 32 0

R AV 188.75 kN

R AH 100 kN

F v 0

140 kN

R F 231.25 kN MD 0 +

a - 140 8 R 16 R AH 12 BC 6 0

AV

4 B BC 516.67 kN CE

9 M 0 +

B

At section a-a: 4

3 a R 8 R AH 18 AD 3 16 0

A

AV 5

RAH AD 344.79 kN

RAV

At joint A:

AB FV 0

AD

3 9

AD R AV AB 0

A RAH 5 97

AB 432.94kN

Check :

RAV

FH 0

4 4

R AH AD AB 0

5 97

00

At joint B:

FV 0

140 kN 9 3

140 AB BD 0

97 5

BD 426.04kN

B BC

3

Check :

4 BD

AB FH 0

4 4

BC BD AB 0

5 97

00

b CD 280kN

ME 0

E

100 kN

3

At section b-b: R F 8 DF 16 0

5

+

DF 192.70kN

F

b

RF

At joint F:

FV 0

EF

3 9

R F DF EF 0

DF 5 97

F EF 379.59kN

Check :

RF FH 0

4 4

EF DF 0

97 5

00

At joint E:

FH 0

CE E 100 kN

4 4

100 CE EF DE 0

97 5

DE EF DE 578.13kN

Check :

FV 0

3 9

DE EF 0

5 97

00

Summary of member forces:

AB = -432.94 kN

AD = 344.79 kN

BC = -516.67 kN

BD = 426.04 kN

CE = -516.67 kN

CD = -280 kN

DE = 578.13 kN

EF = -379.59 kN

DF = 192.71 kN

Virtual forces: Q = 1

B C E

A

RAH F

1

RAV

By inspection:

RAH = 1 kN

RAV = 0

CD = 0

At section a-a:

a MD 0 +

4 B 1 12 BC 6 0

9

BC 2kN CE

MB 0 +

4

3 a 3

1 18 AD

4

A 8 AD 18 0

1

5 5

AD 1.875kN DF

MA 0

+

3 4

BC 18 BD 8 BD 16 0

5 5

BD 1.875kN DE

At joint A:

AB FV 0

3 9

AD AB 0

AD

5 97

1 A AB 1.2311kN EF

Summary of forces:

AB = -1.2311 kN

AD = 1.875 kN

BC = -2 kN

BD = 1.875 kN

CE = -2 kN

CD = 0 kN

DE = 1.875 kN

EF = -1.2311 kN

DF = 1.875 kN

AE/L Ft = Fp +

MEMBER Fp (kN) Fq (FpFqL)/AE (FqL)/AE Fr

(kN/m) Fr

AB -432.94 -1.2311 15230 0.034996 9.9515E-05 264.93 -168.01

AD 344.79 1.875 10000 0.064648 0.00035156 -403.50 -58.71

BC -516.67 -2 37500 0.027556 0.00010667 430.40 -86.27

BD 426.04 1.875 20000 0.039941 0.00017578 -403.50 22.54

CD -280 0 26667 0 0 0 -280.00

CE -516.67 -2 37500 0.027556 0.00010667 430.40 -86.27

DE 578.13 1.875 20000 0.054200 0.00017578 -403.50 174.63

DF 192.7 1.875 10000 0.036131 0.00035156 -403.50 -210.80

EF -379.59 -1.2311 15230 0.030684 9.9515E-05 264.93 -114.66

0.315712 1.46705E-03

400 N

B 400 N

3m

D

400 N

2m

A C E F

200 N 200 N

Specifications:

2m 4m

Area (mm2) 6 m

Top chord 1600

Bottom chord 1300

Diagonals 700

Vertical 500

E = 200 GPa

P at F:

MA 0

R

F

12 600 2 600 6 400 2 0

R 466.67N

F

MF 0

R

AV

12 60010 600 6 400 2 0

R 733.33N

AV

FH 0

R 400N

AH

By inspection:

ED 200N

EC EF

At joint F:

FV 0

1

DF R F DF 0

10

DF 1475.7N

EF F

FH 0

3

RF DF EF 0

10

EF 1400N CE

FV 0

At joint A:

5

R AV AB 0

AB

29

RAH AB 789.82N

A AC

FH 0

2

RAV R AH AB AC 0

29

AC 693.33N

At joint B:

FH 0

900 N

2 4

AB BD 0

29 5

B

BD 366.67N

BD FV 0

AB

BC

5 3

400 AB BD BC 0

29 5

At joint C: BC 553.33N

BC FH 0

CD

4

AC CE CD 0

AC C CE 20

CD 790.08N

Check :

200 N

FV 0

2

BC 200 CD 0

20

00

Q at F:

By inspection:

RAH = 1

RAV = 0

DE = 0

AB = 0

DF = 0

CD = 0

BC = 0

BD = 0

AC = 1 = CE = EF

Ft = Fp +

MEMBER Fp Fq AE/L (FpFqL)/AE (FqL)AE Fr

Fr

AC 0.6933 1 130 0.0053 0.0077 -1.2822 -0.5889

AB -0.7898 0 59.423 0 0 0 -0.7898

BD -0.3667 0 64 0 0 0 -0.3667

BC 0.5333 0 20 0 0 0 0.5333

CE 1.4 1 65 0.0215 0.0154 -1.2822 0.1178

CD -0.7901 0 31.305 0 0 0 -0.7901

DF -1.4757 0 50.596 0 0 0 -1.4757

DE 0.2 0 50 0 0 0 0.2

EF 1.4 1 43.333 0.0323 0.0231 -1.2822 0.1178

0.0592 0.0462

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