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SHEAR CONNECTORS

0.85f c ' A c
Vh
2
Fy A s
Vh
2

0.85f '
0.85fc c

M-diagram
N.A. Fy

N N Fy Fy
V F A
h y s Vh 0.85f c ' A c

Types of shear connectors:


studs
N N channels

12 50
N N N N

HAUNCH

tS
tH = 50 mm w

haunch

Sample:

Using C3 4.1
b f 168.86 mm use w 130 mm
with f c ' 21 q 0.753w
q 0.753130 97.89 kN
0.85fc ' A c 0.85 21100 2500
Vh 103 2231.25 kN
2 2

0
9484 248
A s Fy
Vh 10 3 1176.0 kN
2 2
Vh 1176.0 kN
Vh 1176
n 12.01
q 97.89
12.01 2 24.02 25 pcs

25 -
equally spaced at
400 mm

1
Quiz # 3

1.

Beam wt. 123 kg


m
h 600 mm
Sx 3109 103 mm 3

Moment capacity of steel beam (alone)


Fb 0.66Fy 0.66 248 163.68 MPa
M cap FbSx 163.68 3.109 508.88 kN m
Moment capacity of cover plated steel beam
S Ss A PL d 3109 103 30016 600 5989 103 mm 3
M cap FbS 163.68 5.989 980.28 kN m

0.75
DFCA 9 0.38462
0.75 1
9 7.5
DFCF 0.61538

FEMs

1
M AC 1.5w 9 2 1502 4 5 2 10.125w 185.19
12 9
1
M CA 1.5w 9 2 1502 4 2 5 10.125w 148.15 M AC 15.188w 240.74
12 9 2
1 90
w 7.5 4 3.5 2 4.6875w 78.4
2
M CF
12 7.5 2

1 90
w 7.5 4 2 3.5 4.6875w 89.6
2
M FC
12 7.5 2

2
Final moments:
M A 15.188w 240.74 0.61538 4.6875w 78.4 0.38462 11.149w 178.30
0.61538
M F 4.6875w 89.6 4.6875w 78.4 15.188w 240.74 1.4568w 39.650
2
Span AC
1.5w 9 150 5
VAC 6.75w 83.333
2 9
1.5w 4
2
M pos 4 6.75w 83.333 15w 333.33
2
VCA 6.75w 66.667
1.51
2
M B 1 6.75w 66.667 11.149w 178.30 5.149w 111.63
2
Span CF
w 7.5 90 3.5
VCF 3.75w 42
2 7.5
VFC 3.75w 48
w 1
2
M D 1 3.75w 42 11.149w 178.3 7.899w 136.3
2
w 4
2
M pos 4 3.75w 48 11.149w 178.3 4.149w 10.3
2
w 1
2
M E 1 3.75w 48 1.4568w 39.65 1.7932w 8.35
2
15w 333.33 508.88 w 11.703 kN
m
11.149w 178.3 980.28 w 71.933 kN
m
w 11.703 kN
m

2.

3
Single span length = 7 m
A-50 steel
a. Determine the adequacy of the exterior beam above using a detailed stress
calculations and unshored construction.
b. Determine the total number of shear connectors required for one span using 75
mm high studs.

W14 53 :
Wt. 79 kg
m
I x 225 10 6 mm 4
S x 1275 103 mm 3
b f 204.72 mm
d 353.57 mm
A 10065 mm 2

200
n 8.0999 8
a. 4.7 27.6
be :
b f L 204.72 7000
977.36 mm
2 8 2 8
b f c cspcg. 204.72 2800
1502.36 mm
2 2 2
b e 977.36 mm
be
122.17 mm
n

yb '

122.17120 353.57 120
2

10065 353.57
2 317.18 mm
122.17120 10065
y s ' d t s y b ' 156.39 mm
1
I tr 225 106 10065 317.18 176.79 122.17120 3 122.17120 413.57 317.18 2
2

12
577.19 106 mm4
Sb ' 1819.8 103 mm 3
Ss ' 3690.7 103 mm3
Wt. of beam and slab
WBS 79 9.81 103 0.121.50236 23.6 5.0297 kN
m
Non-composite moment
1
M NC 5.0297 7 2 30.807 kN m
8
Composite load

4
WC 10 151.50236 32.5354 kN
m
Composite moment
1
MC 32.5354 7 2 199.28 kN m
8
Steel stress
30.807 106 199.28 106
fb 133.67 MPa
1275 103 1819.8 103
Fb 0.66 345 227.70 MPa f b safe!
Concrete stress
199.28 106
fc 6.7494 MPa
3690.7 103 8
Allow f c 0.45fc ' 0.45 27.6 12.42 MPa f c safe!

0.85f c ' b e t s 0.85 27.6 977.36120 103


Vh 1375.7 kN
2 2
b.
AF 10065 345 10 3
s y 1736.2 kN
2 2
Vh 1375.7 kN
q 59.161 kN
1375.7
N 2 46.5 47 pcs
59.161