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FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS

REPORT
PROJECT REPORT

(JACK STAND)

WEEK 12

LECTURER NAME: DR. JASRI BIN MOHAMED
NURAINI BINTI SULONG MA14217

NUR AFIKAH BT KHAIRI @ ROSLI MA15074

SEC 01/01A(B)

SEM2 2017

CONCLUSION . FLOWCHART PROCESS 7 7. TABLE OF CONTENTS NO. INTRODUCTION 3 2. METHODOLOGY 6 6. OBJECTIVE 4 3. LITERATURE REVIEW 5 4. RESULT 8 11 8. SPECIFICATIONS 5 5. CONTENTS PAGE 1.

mostly for high strain rate engineering problems. The method is comprised of three stages:- (A) Pre-processing. The method is often used as an alternative to the experimental test method set out in many standards. as well as material property combinations can be specified with much greater accuracy than that used in classical hand calculations. . which help to check the validity of the solution. The Finite Element Model (FEM) is analysed with an inherently greater precision than would otherwise be possible using conventional hand analyses. since the actual shape. Alternatively explicit codes can be used. contour plots etc. during which the program derives the governing matrix equations (stiffness x displacement = load) from the model and solves for the displacements. This is the case in implicit code applications. The technique is based on the premise that an approximate solution to any complex engineering problem can be reached by subdividing the structure/component into smaller more manageable (finite) elements. INTRODUCTION FEA is widely accepted in almost all engineering disciplines. (C) Post-processing. in which the analyst develops a finite element mesh of the geometry and applies material properties. in which the analyst obtains results usually in the form of deformed shapes. boundary conditions and loads (B) Solution. load and constraints. strains and stresses.

A variety of reporting tools can be used to illustrate the behaviour of the analysis model including colour contour and vector plots. isosurfaces. OBJECTIVES Objectives of this project are: • To learn about one of the AUTODESK MECHANICAL SIMULATION software which is FEA • To know and able to use the FEA software • To select a product that is only mechanical parts that can be done for FEA purpose • To simulate the model FEA using AUTODESK Mechanical Simulation software • To generate 3D meshing of the model and resulting results . section cuts. graphs and text output. The results are interpreted and areas of concerns are discussed. animations.

Part Name Element Type Material Name 01. Jack Stand Brick Aluminum 6061-T6 02. this stand whose height may be adjusted and which is used to support an automobile that has been raised by a jack part. LITERATURE REVIEW JACK STAND Jack stand is a combination of jack and stand which are so important to lift a heavy car. Jack Brick Aluminum 6061-T6 (Head+Body) 03. Lock Pin Brick Stainless Steel (AISI 202) JACK(Head +Body) LOCK PIN JACK STAND Jack Stand Picture . SPECIFICATIONS No.

all the result should be collected as a data report. Finally can run the iges or STEP files successfully and get the final product Finite Element Analysis of the Belt drive model. At least. FEA By using AUTODESK MECHANICAL SIMULATION to proceed with the Finite Element Analysis progress. REPORT Finally. METHODOLOGY MODELLING SELECTION Modeling selection based on any mechanical part that is suitable to be done Finite Element Analysis. report was in progress after all the results data were taken. 3D DRAWING The design of 3D model for modeling had been done using Solidwork 2014 software to draw the model of simple belt drive. have two to three parts. COLLECT RESULT After done the FEM analysis result of Von Misses Stress and many more come out. PROPOSED TO LECTURER Done choosing the mechanical part. Hence. after the drawing finish. . proposed to lecturer the model being choose so that lecturer can clarified either the model can be proceed for FEA purposed nor cannot be proceed and look for another model. STEP and many more formats that can be open in AUTODESK software. save the file in the iges.

Mechanical Model. Yes Report. Finite Element Analysis. No Checking & do Result Correction . END . Yes Propose to Lecturer the title. 3D modelling by using solidwork.FLOWCHART PROCESS START Choose No Change Model.

Displacement analysis (mm) Head Side Figure 2: Displacement Analysis . RESULTS Distributed load Fixed at Edge Figure 1: Boundary Conditions i.

Noticed that the critical sections for jack stand is at the both side of the jack head area. Figure 4: Head & Body Von misses (stress analysis) . As we can see that the maximum value of displacement is 347 081 mm which mean this jack head still can support for heavier load. ii.This jack stand was tested with distributed forcesof 5000 N on the jack head. Von misses (stress analysis) Figure 3: Jack Von misses (stress analysis) iii.

Based off the results from the original part.79 N/mm². our design iteration for the jack stand was to increase the pin diameter to 20mm. In order to improve the performance of the jack stand in terms of loading capability and increasing the factory of safety. By refering to yield strength of 304 stainless steel data sheet. Figure 5: Pin Von misses (stress analysis) From the picture above. the jack stand able to accept force greater than 5 000 N without problem. head side and jack area. . we determined that the pin was the limiting factor for the loading capabilities of the jack stand. The force is distributed uniformly on top of the jack stand head. The pin appears to have been manufactured by a casting method using a stainless steel material and the original diameter of this pin is 12. This increase in diameter of the pin should allow for the load that is applied to the jack stand to be distributed over a greater area thus increase the loading capability of the overall jack stand.7mm. it can endure stress up untill 290 Mpa before its undergo plastic deformation and broken. This conclusion was derived from the fact that the majority of the stresses were concentrated around the surfaces that were in contact with the pin. If we noticed that. So. this is stress analysis on the Jack Stand Component. iv. it means that. where 5 000 N on top of the head of jack stand. The maximum value of stress is 3479. they are severe critical spot at the pin.

We fixed the base of the model legs to restrict the legs movement in all degrees of freedom. as we know the jack stand function is as a lifter to heavy car. Although increasing the diameter of the pin would cause slight increase in the mass of the jack stand. Lastly. 5 000 N turning forces applied on the jack stand would not able to failed. CONCLUSION For the analysis on the jack stand. As conclusion. The marginal increase in mass for the jack stand is irrelevant because it is not substantial enough to cause any inconvenience to the user. This type of stainless steel is good in term of its value of yield strength and modulus of elasticity. this additional weight would be slightly offset by the additional material that would have to be removed from the body of the jack stand in order to accept the larger pin. This is because material used was AISI 304 stainless steel. and this has led to many variations on the theme. The demands on a Jack Stand system are large. we used a linear static model with variables. The variable we had to tune the boundary conditions for our model. Its lift the heavy car rigidly and with little movement. .