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DESIGN INFORMATION - ANCHORING TECHNOLOGY J MURETABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 NOTATION 3 2.0 SCOPE 5 3.0 ANCHORING PRINCIPLES 5 3.1 GENERAL 5 3.2 TORQUE SETTING ANCHORS 5 3.3. DISPLACEMENT SETTING ANCHORS 6 3.4 CHEMICAL ANCHORS 6 3.5. CAST-IN ANCHORS 7 4.0 BASE MATERIALS 7 4.1 SUITABILITY 7 4.2. ABSOLUTE MINIMUM DIMENSIONS 8 4.2.1 General 8 4.2.2 Torque Setting Anchors 8 4.2.3 Displacement Setting Anchors 9 4.2.4 Chemical and Cast-in Anchors 9 5.0 DESIGN ; 10 5.1. STRENGTH LIMIT STATE FORMAT 10 5.2. WORKING LOAD FORMAT 10 6.0 TENSION u 6.1 STEEL TENSION u 6.2 CONCRETE CONE " 6.2.1 DYNABOLT® PLUS Anchors " 6.2.2 TRUBOLT® Anchors " 6.2.3 DYNASET® Anchors 12 6.2.4 SPATEC™ Anchors 12 @ Ramser 1 DESIGN INFORMATION - ANCHORING TECHNOLOGY J UJAE TABLE OF CONTENTS cont. 6.2.5 Concrete Inserts 6.3. PULL-THROUGH 6.4 CONCRETE BOND 6.4.1 Chemical Capsule Anchors 6.4.2 CHEMSET® Injection System 6.4.3 EPOXY-SET™ Anchors 6.5 CRITICAL SPACING I~ 6.6 CRITICAL EDGE DISTANCE 7.0 SHEAR 7.1 ANCHOR STEEL SHEAR 7.2 CONCRETE EDGE SHEAR 7.3 SPACING UNDER CONCRETE SHEAR, 8.0 BENDING 9.0 COMBINED LOADING 10.0 ANCHOR GROUPS 11.0 ASSEMBLY TORQUE AND PRELOAD 12.0 LONG TERM PRELOAD DEGRADATION 13.0 SLIP LOAD AND CYCLIC LOADING 14.0 CORROSION a 15.0 FIRE i: 16.0 FORMULAE SUMMARY 17.0 SECTION PROPERTIES : 18.0 WORKED EXAMPLE 19.0 PRODUCT SELECTION CRITERIA DESIGN INFORMATION E10 NoTATION - ANCHORING TECHNOLOGY tensile area (mm?) stress area for threaded sections (mm) ‘actual spacing of anchors (mm) critical spacing 3 *h for expansion and cast-in anchors 6* dy for chemical anchors absolute minimum anchor spacing (mm) Proportion of proof load a inital prefoad PufP, 65% minimum coneret thickness (mm) concrete cube strength (N/mm?) assembly torque factor, generally 1.0 bolt yield stress factor f,/ 680 concrete edge quality factor 1.0 if well compacted and cured 15 for unsupervised edge concrete requited concrete cover to anchor mim) bolt diameter (mm) effective diameter (mm) diameter of drilled hole (om) minimum bol or stud diameter (mm) bolt shank diameter im) absolute minimum edge distance (mm) anchor edge distance (mm) ‘tical edge distance imm) 1.5 +h for expansion and castin anchors 4d, for chemical anchors characteristic ultimate tensile strength (Pa) characteristic yield strength (MPa) ‘concrete cylinder strength (MPa) factor of safety factor of safety for steel in tension and bending = 22 = factor of safety fr steel in shear 25 = factor of safety for concrete 3.0 ‘capacity reduction factor capacity reduction factor concrete tension capacity reduction factor concrete shear, recommended as 0.7 for ‘einforced concrete, and 0.6 for plain concrete ‘capacity reduction factor steel tension, recommended as 0.8, capacity reduction factor steel shear, recommended as 0.7 capacity reduction factor stee! bending, recommended as 0.9 {gap between fixture and concrete surface (mm) effective anchor depth (mm) ‘nominal effective depth (mm) ratio of allowable slip or cyclic load to expected long term limiting preload (0.65 for SPATEC anchors 0.30 for DYNABOLT PLUS and TRUBOLT anchors applied load (N) effective length (mm) ratio of long term preload to initial preload 0,7 for SPATEC anchors (04 for DYNABOLT PLUS and TRUBOLT anchors applied bending moment (Nm) design bending moment (Nem) ultimate bending capacity (Nmm) DESIGN INFORMATION JURE 0 NoraTION ok, s applied tensile load (N} allowable tensile load (N) uikimate tensile capacity concrete (N) reduced ultimate tensile capacity concrete Nac # Xa * Xow design tensile force on the anchor (kN) allowable sip or cyclic load (kN) tensile capacity &N) Nu S$ Ng allowable tensile load concrete (N) ‘reduced allowable tensile load concrete (N) Nac * Xe # Xe ultimate tensile capacity steel (N) allowable tensile load steel (N) reduced allowable tensile load steel (N) hole depth (mmm) expected long term limiting preload (kN) initial preload kN) bolt or anchor proof load (kN) el, allowable (working) load (kN) width across flats (mm) characteristic ultimate load carrying capacity (kN) design strength (kN) design action effect applied assembly torque (Nm) recommended assembly torque (Nm) torque coefficient of sliding fiction applied shear force (N) Xa Xs - ANCHORING TECHNOLOGY = ultimate shear capacity parallel to concrete working shear load (N) working shear load concrete (N) working shear load parallel to concrete edge (N) reduced working shear load concrete (N) ultimate shear capacity concrete (N) reduced ultimate shear capacity conerete(N) Vac #Xua# Xe edge (N) e ultimate shear capacity steel (N) 062A +f allowable (working) shear load steel (N) Vg/ 25 shear capacity (ee design shear force on the anchor (kN) spacing eduction factor tension either Xf internal 10 rOW OF Noy fOr end of row ala cs 4 O5+(Italad s 1 edge reduction factor tension 03407ee/@ Ss 1 spacing reduction factor shear either Xs for internal 0 ow OF Xa for end of row a/(25 +e) 1 OSs +@sQSue) 1 shear reduction factor for second edge 03+04ee/e 5 1 ‘modulus of the anchor section (mm) modulus of DYNASET anchor section annulus (mm?) fixture thickness (mm) DESIGN INFORMATION - | /IME2.0. SCOPE ANCHORING TECHNOLOGY This information has been written for the guidance of qualified sirctral engineers or other suitably skilled persons, inthe design of anchors using RAMSET ‘Anchoring Technology. This technology enables the selection and placement of RAMSET heavy and medium duty anchors to resist applied loads and moments, and to transfer the loading to the supporting structural element. The designe i recommended to adopt the limit state design approach, Altematively, a working load design approach may be taken, adopting factors of safety either selected by the designer, or using the factors of safety recommended inthis information. itis the designer's responsiblity to ensure compliance with all relevant Standards, Codes of Practice, Building Regulations, Workplace Regulations, and Statutes The information deals with the capacity of individual anchors, ether alone, or as a member of a group. It deals with the influence of nearby edges on anchor capacity. It does not deal wth the determination of design loads and other actions, nor their distribution to individual anchors within a group. Guidelines are given as to the minimum dimensions required for a structural element, to adequately support RAMSET anchors. However, it emains the designer's responsibility to design the structural efement itself to resist loads and moments applied by the anchorage This manual allows the designer to determine load carrying capacities, not only for nominal embedment depths, but also forthe full range of embedment depths which result in practise from actual thicknesses of clamped materials © / MME 3.0 ANCHORING PRINCIPLES @ Ramsor 3.1 GENERAL RAMSET heavy and medium duty anchors are high quality, precision made fastenings secured with either a torque induced setting action, a displacement induced setting action, a chemical bonding action, or are cast into the plastic concrete Resistance to tensile loads is provided by ‘mechanisms which depend upon the type of anchor, and its method of setting. Information onthe elements that comprise the resistance mechanisms is sven separately foreach type of anchor. Generally, shear load resistance mechanisms are ‘more uniform amongst anchors, and comprise these elements the bolt or stud, and in some cases, the steel spacer ofthe anchor the compressive strength ofthe concrete. the shear and tensile strength of the concrete atthe surface ofthe potential concrete failure wedge When loaded to failure in concrete shear, an anchor located near an edge breaks a triangular wedge away from the concrete exe (CONCRETE WEDGE FAILURE MODE 3.2 TORQUE SETTING ANCHORS SPATEC, TRUBOLT, and DYNABOLT PLUS anchors are inserted through the hole inthe fixture, into a hole drilled into the concrete, and are set by the application of assembly torque. The diameter ofthe drilled hole is sight larger than the outer diameter of the anchor. When torque is applied to the bolt head or nut of the anchor, the cone is drawn up into the sleeve to expand its effective diameter. The wedge action ofthe cone rutin the sleeve increases wit increasing torque. ‘The reaction of the concrete against the expanded sleeve of the anchor creates a high friction force between the anchor and the wall ofthe drilled hole. ‘The body of the concrete contains and restricts the ‘expansion forces. The application of assembly torque produces a preload between the fixture and the concrete a) a. = ene CHO 1.5d, are obtained from Nye = 6.97 «4025 his eV, 22) where dy = boltdiameter (mm) f. < — 6OMPa Effective anchor depth is taken from the surface of the conerete to the end of the expansion sleeve. EFFECTIVE DEPTH SPATEC ANCHORS Concrete tensile working loads for SPATEC anchors are obtained from: Ne Nucl Fe = NG/3.0 2324 025 ohtS of, 23) 6.2.5 Concrete Inserts (Characteristic concrete tensile loads for TOM Inserts are obtained from: Ne = 7d ehi evi 24) where: fs SOMPa Effective anchor depth *h, for TCM Inserts is taken from the surface ofthe concrete tothe top of the enlargement atthe base of the anchor. With a well-fited reinforcing bar inthe cross-hole, the characteristic tensile load for TCM Inserts increases to: N = NAGH Sa EFFECTIVE DEPTH TCM INSERTS (25) Te DESIGN INFORMATION - ANCHORING TECHNOLOGY JURE 6.0. TENSION cont Characteristic concrete tensile loads for Hex Ferrule Insets are obtained from: Nw = 208 «ht5e vf, (26) where & S$ 30MPa Effective anchor depth *h, for Hex Ferrule Inserts is taken from the surface of the concrete to the Centreline ofthe cross hole at the base ofthe anchor. EFFECTIVE DEPTH HEX FERRULES Concrete tensile working loads for Concrete Inserts are obtained from: Nec = Nic/ Fe: 27) = Nye /3.0 6.3 PULL-THROUGH This mode of failure occurs in expansion anchors Under tensile loading, where the applied load exceeds the frictional resistance between either the cone and the expansion sleeve, or the sleeve and the sides of the dilled hole inthe concrete. Failures of this type are often associated with anchors that are improperly set, or used in larger diameter holes lled into the concrete with oversized drill bits. The load carrying capacities of anchors with thic walled expansion sleeves such as SPATEC and properly-set DYNASET anchors, are not sensitive to this mode of failure. The recommended limits on concrete strength "in the determination of concrete cone strength for DYNABOLT PLUS and TRUBOLT anchors, act as a precaution against this mode of failure. B 6.4 CONCRETE BOND 6.4.1 Chemical Capsule Anchors Chemical Capsule anchors comprise RAMSET ‘CHEMSET Spin Capsules, and RAMSET CHEMSET Capsules. Characteristic ultimate tensile load carrying capacities for concrete bond failure in the compression zone are obtained from: Ne = 87 edpehs (02 (28) where: d= diameter of drilled hole (rm) f § 40MPa Effective anchor depth "his taken from the start of the adhesive, (usually the surface ofthe concrete) to the bottom ofthe stud. For chemical capsule anchors, it snot usual to deviate from the depths given inthe Section Properties and Data. On the one hand, itis essential to provide sufcient resin to fill the space between the stud and the concrete, and on the other to avoid excessive overspill. Hole depths for capsule anchors may be increased in increments related to the volume of capsules available. tis recommended to seek advice from RAMSET Technical Staff before deviating from the recommended hole depths. 3 | EFFECTIVE DEPTH FOR CHEMICAL ANCHORS The appropriate concrete strength "for these equation, isthe actual stength atthe location ofthe anchor, making due allowance for site conditions, such as degree of compaction, age of concrete, and curing method. Concrete tensile working loads for RAMSET chemical capsule anchors are obtained from: Nee Nuc! Fe Nuc! 3.0 29 dy ee fos (29) DESIGN INFORMATION J UME 6.9 TENSION cont. 6.4.2 CHEMSET® Injection System Characteristic ultimate tensile load carrying Capacities for concrete bond failure in the compression zone are obiained from: 2.97 «dy she Vf (30) f. < SOMPa Effective anchor depth "h' is taken from the start of the adhesive, (usually the surface of the concrete) to. the bottom of the stud. These equations permit capacities tobe determined fora ange of effective depths. Concrete_tensile working loads for CHEMSET Injection System anchors are obtained from: Ne = Nucl Fee = Ne /30 = 099ed, shah Bn 6.4.3 EPOXY-SET™ Anchors Characteristic ultimate tensile load carrying Capacities for concrete bond failure in the ‘compression zone are obtained from: Ne = 470edyeh ov 2) where: i 60MPa Effective anchor depth "h is taken from the start of the achesive, (usually the surface of the concrete to the bottom of the stud. These equations permit capacities to be determined fr a range of elective depths Concrete tensile working loads for EPOXY-SET anchors are obtained from: Ne = Nal Fe Nucl 3.0 157 dy eho 3) 4 - ANCHORING TECHNOLOGY Example | MIO EPOXY.SET Anchor Stud, stainless tel 1OMPa, A, = 58.0mm2, 70+ 12 90. V40 /1000, 32.1kN 85 » 580 + 700/ 1000, BASKN oF 8.0 450 /100 6.5 CRITICAL SPACING Ina group of expansion or cast-in anchors loaded in tension the spacing at which the cone shaped zones ‘of concrete failure just begin to overlap atthe surface ‘ofthe concrete, is termed the critical spacing, ee Fale INTERFERENCE BETWEEN CONCRETE CONES a = eh 34 where: a= tcl spacing (mm) For chemical anchors the critical spacing is determined by interference between the cylindrically shaped zones of stress surrounding the anchors. INTERFERENCE BETWEEN BOND CYLINDERS bed, 33) a At the critical spacing, the capacity of one anchor is ‘on the point of being reduced by the zone of influence ofthe other anchor. RAMSET anchors placed at or greater than critical spacings are able to develop ther fll tensile loads, as limited by concrete cone or concrete bond capacity. Anchors at spacing less than critical are subject to reduction in allowable concrete tensile loads DESIGN INFORMATION J/MMEE6.0 TENSION cont Both ultimate and working loads on anchors spaced between the critical and the absolute minimum, are subject to a reduction factor "X" the value of ‘hich depends upon the position ofthe anchor within the row: Nw = XutNec (66) where: Ny = reduced ultimate tensile load concrete (N) Xa = spacing reduction factor tension and: Ny = Kyu # Nic G7) where: Ny = reduced allowable tensile load concrete ANCHORS IN A ROW For anchors influenced by the cones of two other anchors, asa result for example, of location internal toarow: Me = af <1 38) where: Xai = spacing reduction factor for an anchor intemal to row actual spacing (mm) ‘Unequal distances ('" and "a", both < a) from two adjacent anchors, are averaged for an anchor internal to a row: Nui = 05 (0) +83), 09) I the anchors ae at the ends ofa row, each influenced by the cone of only one other anchor: Xue = O5(I+alQ) $1 40) where: Xue = spacing reduction factor for an anchor at end of row [ANCHOR GROUP INTERACTION 15 ANCHORING TECHNOLOGY ‘The cone of anchor Ais influenced by the cones of anchors B and C, but not additionally by the cone of anchor D. "Xp the appropriate reduction factor. Critical spacing defines a critical zone around a given anchor, for the placement of futher anchors. ‘The citical spacing zone has a radius equal to the critical spacing. The concrete tensile strengths of anchors falling within the critical zone are reduced. For clarity, the figure includes the prohibited zone as well asthe critical zone CRITICAL SPACING ZONE Example | M20 TRUBOLT Anchor, placed in group of wo = 125mm, a= 200mm, Nyc =71.3KN +135 375mm 5 (1 + 200/375) 6.6 CRITICAL EDGE DISTANCE A the critical edge distance for anchors loaded in tension, reduction in tensile loads ust commences, due to interference of the edge with the zone of influence of the anchor. The critical edge distance fr expansion and cast-in anchors is taken as one and a half times effective depth = & = 1Seh ay where: & = tical edge distance DESIGN |/UJME 6.0. TENSION cont INFORMATION - ANCHORING TECHNOLOGY Critical edge distances define critical zones for the placement of anchors with respect to an edge. The critcal edge zone has a width equal tothe critical edge distance, The concrete tensile strengths of anchors falling within the critical zone are reduced. For clarity the figure includes the prohibited zone as well asthe critical zone, in I — cance tie Frezine] Cree INTERFERENCE OF EDGE WITH CONCRETE CONES Pb oe For chemical anchors the critical edge distance is determined by interference between the edge and 38 the cylindrically shaped zones of stress surrounding 4 the anchors. CRITICAL EDGE ZONE Aad, (42) foal Example N20 EPOXY-SET Anchor Studs = 4020 ‘80mm X= 03407 +70/80 oat INTERFERENCE OF EDGE WITH BOND CYLINDER If the edge lies between the critical and the absolute minimum distance from the anchor, the conerete tensile load reduction coefficient"! is obtained from the following formula: = we X= 03407se/Qs 1 3) where: X, = edge reduction factor tension ||MO SHEAR 7.1 ANCHOR STEEL SHEAR ‘The SPATEC anchor which has a spacer separated from the expansion sleeve, requires the insertion of the bottom end of the spacer to atleast one and a For an anchor not located clase to another anchor ‘or to a free concrete edge the ultimate shear load will be determined by the stel shear strength ofthe anchor, provided the effective depth of the anchor is at least four times the diameter ofthe died hole. ho> ded 4) eG MINIMUM INSERTION FOR BOLT SHEAR 16 quarter times hole diameter (1.25 « ) in order for the shear strength ofthe spacer to be allowed as contributing tothe shear strength of the anchor. ia 125 anor scr shear [MINIMUM INSERTION FOR SPACER SHEAR DESIGN INFORMATION JURE 70 SHEAR cont ‘The designer should also take into account any conditions that may cause bending moments and unbalanced forces to be applied simultaneously ‘Any tendency of the fixture to lift away from the surface under load will generate moments and tension forces The characteristic ultimate shear load forthe ste! of an anchor is obtained from: Vu = 0626+ f, (45) where Vig = ultimate shear load steel (N) DYNASET anchors are not normally embedded to four mes th lame ofthe diel, and their cchatacteristc shear capacities relate tothe bending strength ofthe anchor: Vy = 264K 2p Id, (46) where: Zy = modulus of DYNASET anchor section annulus (mm) The allowable shear load in the stel of an anchor is cbtained from: Vn = ValFo “7 = Vy /25 where Vig = allowable shear load steel (N} 7.2 CONCRETE EDGE SHEAR Where load is directed either towards or parallel to an edge, and the anchor is located in the proximity of the edge, failure may occur inthe concrete. ‘Where a single anchor is loaded by a shear force acting towards an edge, the characteristic utimate load is given by: Ve = 122 elds el ah 48) where: Vic = ultimate shear load concrete (N) doch Died ee Lond once We ‘CONCRETE WEDGE FAILURE MODE ”7 - ANCHORING TECHNOLOGY I the shear force acts parallel to the edge, resistance is doubled: Vag = 2Ab aNd, «215 oh 49) where Veep = ultimate shear load parallel to concrete edge (N) ‘Working load is obtained from: Ve = Mel Fe (60) = Ve/30 where Vye_ = working hear load concrete (N} I the shear force acs parallel to the edge: Yao = Yap! Fe on) = Vp /3.0 where Vygq = working shear load parallel to concrete edge (N) A shear force acting at an angle tothe edge can be dealt with by resolution into its components towards and parallel to the edge 7.3. SPACING UNDER CONCRETE SHEAR Ata spacing of at least 2.5 times edge distance, there is no interference between adjacent failure wedges. Where anchor spacing is less than 2.5 times edge distance, theultimate and allowable shear loads in the concrete ae subject to a reduction factor *X,,*, the value of which depends upon the position of the anchor within the row: Ve = Kat We 62) where: Vy = reduced ultimate shear load concrete (N) Xe = Spacing reduction factor shear and: Ve = Xue (33) where: Vy = reduced working shear load concrete (N) DESIGN INFORMATION JUMBO SHEAR cont - ANCHORING TECHNOLOGY INTERFERENCE BETWEEN SHEAR WEDGES For anchors intemal to the row, which are influenced by the wedges of two other anchors: Kui = i a/Q5ee) <1 GM For anchors atthe ends ofa row influenced by the ‘wedge of only one other anchor: Xue = 05(14a/25ee) $1 65) where Xi = edge shear reduction factor for anchors internal 10 row Xe = edge shear reduction factor for anchors at ends of row Example [MI6 SPATEC Anchor, part of group of tw, shear directed | | ovr ee |}, = 24mm, e = 225mm, {= 40MPa, a= 250mm | ort = 157.0 = Bo |For spaces A, = 198.0mm f= 430M | Voc# 1226246 20515 40/1000 | 27.6 Kae = 05 (1 + 250/025 » 225)) on 27.6+0.72 92.2kN Vg = 0.62 « 157.0 « 800/ 1000 + 0.62 198.0 «4301000 = 130.7KN, Take V, = 92.2kN Sherk, Fale wed coeg ie [ANCHORS IN LINE TOWARDS AN EDGE 18 Two anchors installed on a line normal tothe ed and loaded in shear towards the edge, are treated as 2 special case. Where the anchors are loaded simultaneously by the same fixture, the ultimate or allowable concrete edge shear for each anchor will be influenced by the other anchor. ‘Where the spacing "a between anchors A and B is less than or equal to "eg" the edge distance of anchor 8, the ultimate edge shear for anchor A is equal to anchor B, despite the longer edge distance of anchor A: Vea Vues = 1224 eeg'S eh (6) For "a" greater than “ey the ultimate edge shears are | taken as: Vaca = Vag where: 0.61 « Vdh * (eg!54a!5) « ¥f, (57) | Vez int ge shear lad for anchor) gy) Vieq = ultimate edge shear load for anchor B (N) ¢5 = edge distance of anchor B in loading direction (mm) = spacing between anchor A and anchor B (mm) For an anchor located at a comer and where the second edge is parallel othe applied shear, interference by the second edge upon the shear wedge is taken into account by the following reduction factor: Xe, = 0304056+e/e, <1 (58) where X= edge shear reduction factor for anchor ata comer = edge distance normal to shear load (onm = edge distance in direction of shear ° load (mm) e sherFoe see coe ANCHOR ATA CORNER ® . Erample M20 TRUBOLT Anchor, at comer, shear dection towards further edge | dy = 20mm, e, = 100mm, e, = 200mm, f, = 35MPa| Vo = STSKN | Xe = 0340.56 100/200 | = 058 | = S30KN DESIGN INFORMATION JHMM 8.0 BENDING ‘The designer's calculation of the design bending moment should include an allowance inthe moment arm of one hole diameter inwards rom the face of the concrete: Mts Waldytg+t/2) 69) where: M* = design bending moment (Nmm) Vt = design shear force (N) 8 = gap between fixture and concrete surface (mm) fixture thickness (mm) Nanna netomat ilar ht | mena DESIGN BENDING MOMENT gpd ad L In the case of working load design, applied moments ae calculated as follows: Mo= Valdhtg+t/2) (60) M_ = applied bending moment (Nmm) V_ = applied shear force (N) © |//MMEE 9.0 COMBINED LOADING Where an anchor is subjected to combined tension and bending, ultimate tensile capacity forthe steel is determined as follows: Nu = Nua (T-MP/ 0M) (63) where Op = capacity reduction factor ste! bending, recommended as 0.9 gt ae COMBINED TENSION, SHEAR AND BENDING Reduced allowable tensile steel capacities for ‘working oad, to allow for the effects of bending 19 ANCHORING TECHNOLOGY Characteristic ultimate bending capacities, are objained from the following formula: M, = tyeZ on where: M, = ultimate bending capacity (Nmm) 4 characteristic yield strength (MPa) Z = modulus ofthe anchor section (mm) and for working bending capacity: M= M/F y (62) = M/22 where: M, = allowable bending moment Example 25mm, t= 19mm VP = 3.6K, M20 stainless steel stud, CHEMSET Spin Capsule Anchor 4, = 24mm, Me = 540.9mm’,f, = 4SOMPa 3.6 «(24+ 25-419/2) 210.6Nm 0.9 « 450 « 540.9 / 1000 219.1Nm > 210.6Nm OK oM, ‘moments are given by: Ne = Nye (l-M/M) (64) where: Ny = reduced allowable tensile load steel W) There is no reduction in shear capacity inthe case of combined bending and shear. Shear capacity and bending capacity are checked independently sapldorscn > see ‘COMBINED TENSION AND SHEAR DESIGN INFORMATION - ANCHORING TECHNOLOGY |//MJME 9.0 COMBINED LOADING cont. Design for combined tension and shear requires firstly, the determination of anchor capacities. Limit state design strengths ae taken as ON, = Nw S Nes (65) OY = Ne $Me 66) where: © = capacity reduction factor oN, = design tensile strength OV, = design shear strength 9. = capacity reduction factor concrete tension 0, = capacity reduction factor concrete shear, recommended as 0.7 for reinforced concrete, and 0.6 for plain concrete 9 = capacity reduction factor steel tension, recommended as 0.8 8, = capacity reduction factor stee! shear, recommended as 0.7 ‘Working load capacities are determined as follows: Ne = Nw SNe 7 Y= Vy S Vy (68) where N, = allowable tensile load V, = allowable shear load Limit state combination of tension and shear complies wit the following: N*/0N,