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Amada GREEK GODS AND GODESSES
Aphrodite was the Greek goddess of Love, Beauty and Eternal Youth The Family of Aphrodite As her name implies, Aphrodite (aphro="foam"+dite="arisen"), was created from the foam of the crystal waters of Paphos in the fragrant island of Cyprus, when the Titan Cronos slew his father, the major Titan Ouranos, and threw then his genitals into the sea. Aphrodite was married to the lame smith Hephaestus, who was the Olympian God of the Iron, but her heart was devoted to Ares, the God of War, with whom Aphrodite was having a passionate, but secret love affair. According to a myth, Aphrodite gave birth to Eros, the winged cupid of love and was often accompanied by him. Other children of Aphrodite were Hemeros, Pothos(desire), Phobos(fear), Demos, Harmonia and Rhodes .
The Role of Aphrodite as a Goddess Aphrodite was the most attractive goddess of Mount Olympus. She was the goddess of Love, Beauty and Eternal Youth, arousing desire to gods and humans as well as birds and beasts. In addition, she was connected with the death/rebirth of nature and human beings. Nevertheless, Aphrodite was a rather weak, frightful goddess, according to the Iliad. Appearance and Sacred Symbols Aphrodite was a highly attractive young woman who dressed elegantly and loved to wear jewellery. Her eyelashes were curled and she had a constant smile on her lovely face, since she was a lover of smiles. Aphrodite had a tender neck, tender breasts  and beautiful buttocks . Aphrodite's symbols were the girdle, which she was using to compel love, the seashell and the mirror. Her sacred animal was the dove. The Roman name of Aphrodite is "Venus"
Apollo owned the precious gift of prophecy. and was the patron of the ancient city of Delphi. the goddess of the hunt. the Music and the Prophecy The Family of Apollo Apollo was born by the King of the Gods Zeus and the mortal Leto in the divine Greek island of Delos.Apollo was the Olympian God of the Sun. The disctrict was considered to be the Navel of the World (the "Omphalus") in Ancient times. strong and youthful god with impressive golden hair. He invented the lute(a plucked string instrument with a body shaped like a pear). Apollo and the Music Apollo was the Greek god of the Music. the tripod. given to him by his father Zeus in his infacy. The Roman name of Apollo is "Apollo" . Apollo. where the first oracle in Ancient Greece was located. He was the younger twin of Artemis. which was invented by Hermes. His symbols were the lyre. the god of Prophecy In addition. Apollo excelled in important music contests. competing against Greek god Hermes and the Satyr Pan as well as other deities. the laurel tree and the navelstone. the Light. the messenger of the gods. Appearance and Sacred Symbols Apollo was a handsome. but most popular he was for his playing the lyre.
was the son of Zeus and Hera. Ares had a very difficult character to deal with and was therefore rather unpopular among the other deities and mankind. no Greek city wanted to have him as its patron. especially during the Trojan War. The half-sister of Ares was Athena. the goddess of discord. the Greek god of War. Usually he was accompanied by Eris.Ares was the Olympian God of War The Family of Ares Ares. their union resulted to the birth of Armonia (Harmony). . the goddess of Wisdom and Skill. Ares' secret mistress was Aphrodite. Ares' Way of Life Ares had his residence up on Mount Olympus and his throne was upholstered with human skin. Reputation of Ares Just like his mother Hera. Athena also was a goddess of War but approached war solely for the purposes of justice. the goddess of Love and Beauty. which was seen as a blend of two opposing powers. For this reason. He often had conflicts and fights with Artemis. the goddess of the Hunt and also with his sister Athena. Sacred symbols of Ares The spear and the dogs The Roman name of Ares is "Mars.
Artemis. the Virgin Huntress As a child. Artemis' twin brother was Apollo.Artemis was the Greek goddess of the Hunt and the Moon and protector of expectant women and the young. Artemis was both a killer of wild animals and their protector. Artemis had absolute sovereignty over nature and was said to bring fertility to all places that worshipped her. the Ruler of the Greek gods and the mortal Leto. Oddly enough. She had been born before Apollo and had helped her mother Leto to give birth to her little brother. whereas Artemis' cult was connected with the Moon. Artemis had asked from her father Zeus to remain an eternal virgin and therefore became one of the three Virgin Goddesses in Greek mythology. the god of the Sun. The Family of Artemis Greek goddess Artemis was born in Mount Cynthus at the island of Delos in Greece as a daughter of Zeus. Artemis loved to hunt with arrows dipped in poison. Appearance and Sacred Symbols Artemis was usually armed with bow and arrows and was wearing a knee-high chiton Her symbol was the bow and her sacred animals were the snake and the deer The Roman name of Artemis is "Diana" . Usually accompanied by Nymphs and Oceanids.
She was born during the battle of the Giants. Athena's precious Skills Athena was the goddess who taught mankind various skills such as weaving and sewing to the women and agriculture and metallurgy to men and was always giving precious advice and stood by on any danger. as she was believed to have given the Athenians the victory during the Persian War. skill and war The Family of Athena Athena was a child of Zeus and Metis. Athena and the City of Athens After competing against the Greek god Poseidon. Athena officially became the patron deity of the city of ancient Athens and the Parthenon was built in her honour. She was known as "Athena Nike" (Athena the victorious). who was keeping inside herself all the world's wisdom. Appearance and Sacred Symbols A tall. slim woman with glaucous eyes wearing a suit of armour and a golden helmet  Athena's symbols were the distaff and the aegis. to which the head of the Gorgon Medusa was fastened in order to terrify the opponents.a goat-like shield. The Roman name of Athena is "Minerva" .Athena was the Greek goddess of wisdom. Athena's sacred animal was the owl. the symbol of wisdom. Zeus' first wife. when she suddenly sprang out of the head of Zeus fully grown.
usually wearing a dark cloak . Demeter's Personality and her Role as a Goddess Demeter was a peace-loving deity and the source of all growth and life. Her symbols were the ear of wheat and the grains. The Roman name of Demeter is "Ceres" . she was the goddess who provided all nutrition on the earth and taught mortals how to cultivate the earth and ease life.Demeter was the Greek goddess of agriculture and vegetation The Family of Demeter Demeter was the second daughter of the major Titans Rhea and Cronus. making man different from animals. Demeter was most appreciated for introducing wheat to mankind. Appearance and Sacred Symbols A rich haired woman with golden tresses and slender feet. after Hestia. the goddess of the hearth.
The Roman name of Dionysus is "Bacchus" . the King of the Gods and the beautiful princess Semele. Personality and Style of Dionysus Dionysus was a god known for his lightheartness and always offered his help to anyone in need. Because of his mortal mother. He was therefore very popular among gods and mortals and many festivals were being held every year in his honor. The sacred animal of Dionysos was the panther. Joy and Theatre and a Lover of Peace The Family of Dionysus Dionysus was born in Thebes as the son of Zeus. In his hand he was holding a "thyrsos".Dionysus was the Greek God of Wine. which was a light staff wrapped with leaves of ivy and a pine cone on its top. Nevertheless. his birthplace Thebes refused to acknowledge him as an immortal at first. Appearance and Sacred Symbols A handsome young man with impressive hair (usually tresses falling below his shoulders) and a wreath of ivy on his head. Dionysus was one of the Olympian gods who actually did not live in Mount Olympus but was constantly travelling around the world together with Satyrs and Maenads in order to discover the secrets of winemaking. Dionysus was many times misunderstood.
the Ruler of the Underworld Hades was the Greek god of the Dead and. He had a beard and dark hair falling over his brow .Hades was the ruler of the Underworld The Family of Hades Greek god Hades was a son of the titans Cronus and Rhea. surrounded by darkness and silence. Appearance and Sacred Symbols Hades had gloomy features. according to Plato. Charos had the duty to transfer the dead people 's souls with a boat over the River Acheron from the world of the living to the world of the dead. the angel of dead. Furthermore. The Roman name of Hades is "Pluto" .  he should be considered as one of the Olympian gods. Hades. Hades had a dog with three heads which was named Cerberus. His sacred symbol was the helmet. whom he abducted from her divine mother Demeter and took with him down to the Underworld. Almost never did he leave his gloomy kingdom but was residing there instead. Hades' helper was Charos. Hades' wife Hades and Persophone was Persephone.Hades was the supreme ruler of the Underworld. which helped him stay invisible...
but was the only deity who was physically ugly and lame.Hephaestus was the Greek God of Metallurgy and the Smith of the Olympian Gods. Thetis and Eurynome. who raised him for nine years inside a cave. although it was considered by some that he had been conceived prenuptially. Symbols of Hephaestus Fire. The Workshop of Hephaestus Hephaestus had his working lay beneath the crater of the volcano of Aetna in Italy. the Greek goddess of Beauty. the axe. but unfortunately Aphrodite never devoted herself entirely to Hephaestus. There. The Family of Hephaestus Hephaestus was the son of Zeus and Hera . Hephaestus was married to Aphrodite. When his mother Hera saw him for the first time. Hephaestus was also famous for having created the first woman of the ancient world. Hephaestus was finally rescued by two Nereids. Hephaestus' Disability Hephaestus was a very kind and loveable god. he was working together closely with the one-eyed Cyclops to create strong thunderbolts for his master Zeus. far away and hidden from his cruel mother. causing a deformation to his leg. she was so frustrated that she took her son and threw him from Mount Olympus to the depths of the seas. Pandora. the pincers and the hammer The Roman name of Hephaestus is "Vulcan" .
but she suddenly woke up and thrusted him away. a symbol of fertility. since Zeus himself was invincible. Ares. Zeus was giving Hera plenty of reason to be suspicious and jealous. There were times she would also interfering. Eilithyia. the goddess who was protecting the childbirth. elegant clothes woven by Athena and tightened with a belt. Hera was in conflict with the semi-god and hero Heracles. the Olympian god of war. the Olympian god of metallurgy. According to some beliefs. Zeus once brought the infant to Hera to suckle on her milk while she was asleep. Hera's troubled marriage with Zeus Although Hera was one of the fairest goddesses in Mount Olympus. Hephaestus was born without the intervention of Zeus. Hera therefore used to stay in high places in order to keep an eye on her husband's doings. The Family of Hera Hera was born by the Titans Cronus and Rhea and was one of the three sisters of Zeus and later on became his wife as well. Hera's symbol was the pomegranate. The Creation of the Milky Way Most of all. Appearance and Sacred Symbols Hera was a beautiful-but not really desirable-. The royal wedding of Zeus and Hera was celebrated with exceptional splendour and the couple gave birth to four children. According to a myth. She was wearing an ornate crown on her head. and her sacred animal was the peacock. the goddess of youth and Hephaestus. The Roman name of Hera is "Juno" . mature woman with big eyes and pierced lobes.Hera was the goddess of Marriage and Family and protector of married women. The drops of the spurting milk became the Milky Way. and golden sandals were hugging her feet. causing harm to Zeus' mistresses. Hebe. since he happened to be the son of her husband Zeus and a mortal woman. Hera loved to wear jewellery and pamper her body with divine cosmetics.