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Define law

2. Elements of a case:

3. Three types of National Law

4. Define international law

5. Sources of international law

6. Parts of a Complain

7. Organs of United Nations

8. Typical legal structure

9. Federal court structure

10. Methods of dispute settlement

11. Commencing a lawsuit (fundamental legal procedures)


__________ 1. It is the basis and rationale of a decision

__________ 2. Circumstances that gave rise to the lawsuit
__________ 3. Legal questions that the parties asked the judge to resolve
__________ 4. This is the response of the judge to decisions
__________ 5. Fundamental law of the land
__________6. Refers to laws that define the powers, limitations, and procedures of
administrative agencies.
__________7. this consists of rules that have evolved from decisions of the justices of
the Supreme Court
__________8. this is the law promulgated by Congress
__________9. The body of legal rules which apply between sovereign states and such
other entities as having been granted international personality.
__________10. Father of international law
__________11. Demand for a remedy usually money, to compensate for a perceived
__________12 and 13. They are generally called litigants
__________14. Party who initiates the lawsuit; he has suffered inury or loss
__________15. Courts power to decide cases of a particular category. This is
determined by legislators.
___________16. A document that contains the allegations-unproben statements of
___________17. The authority of a court to hear a case
_________ 18. The party that the plaintiff sues
____________ 19. Authority of the court over the defendant-place where defendant
_____________20. Resorting to force but short of war
_____________21. higher law or rule of human conduct independent of positive
enactment and binding always and everywhere in view of its intrinsic reasonableness.
_____________ 22. Doing to the citizen of one country what the country is doing to the
citizens of the retorting state
_____________ 23. Document ordering the defendant to appear and defend the
allegations made against him. Normally served with the copy of complaint.
______________ 24. Request to a judge for relief that is made while lawsuit is ongoing
______________25. Delivery of summon and copy of complaint
______________26. A court order summarily declaring the plaintiff the winner of the
lawsuit due to defendants failure to defend
______________27. Courts of original jurisdiction- they are the first to hear and decide
a case
______________28. Answer to an answer
______________29. admits or denies the allegations in the complaint: sets the
defenses: sets any counterclaim-claims defendant may have against the plaintiff
_______________ 30. lawyers summarize their arguments and evidence to an informal
jury without witnesses who renders a non binding decision to facilitate settlement
_______________ 31. lawyers summarize their arguments and evidence to an informal
jury without witnesses who renders a non binding decision to facilitate settlement
_______________ 32. The place where an action is to be instituted and tried. This is a
matter of procedure and is waivable.
___________________33. mediator facilitates discussion and negotiation between
parties but impose no decision
_________________ 34. submission of case to 3rd party for resolution(same as
_________________ 35. Standard of a reasonable state refers to the ordinary norms of
conduct that are observed in civilized jurisdiction

_________________ 36. This is a situation where an alien can claim a more favored
position than the national of the local state, and in proper cases can hold the state liable
for injuries committed against him while within its territory
_________________ 37. Solution of dispute by an impartial third party, usually a
tribunal created by parties themselves under their charter. The proceedings are
essentially judicial and the award is by previous agreement binding on the parties.
_________________ 38. Relates to non monetary compensation to include official
apologies. The punishment of guilty minor officials or the formal acknowledgment of the
unlawful act.
_________________ 39. In kind aims to re-establish the situation which ought to exist
_________________ 40. Discussion undertakes by parties of their claims and
counterclaims with a view of their just and orderly adjustment
_________________ 41. A third party attempts to bring the disputing states together in
order that they may be able to discuss the issues in contention and arrive at an
_________________ 42. Intended to replace the value of the asset plus possible loss of
expected profits
_________________ 43. Investigation of the points in question on the theory that their
elucidation will contribute to the solution of the differences between the parties
_________________ 44. Third party does not provide merely the opportunity for the
parties in dispute to negotiate but also actively participates in their discussions in order
to reconcile their conflicting claims and appease their feelings of resentment.
_________________ 45. Each state has its own system or network of courts as does
the Federal government.
__________________ 46. The right to act in a case, this is also the power to enforce
judgment. This is not waiveable.

ESSAY 1: Differentiate civil law and criminal law

ESSAY 2: Differentiate municipal and international law

ESSAY 2: Why is international law important?

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